US498844A - d ela mar - Google Patentsd ela mar Download PDF
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- US498844A US498844A US498844DA US498844A US 498844 A US498844 A US 498844A US 498844D A US498844D A US 498844DA US 498844 A US498844 A US 498844A
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- 239000000969 carrier Substances 0.000 description 112
- 239000000945 filler Substances 0.000 description 52
- 241000208125 Nicotiana Species 0.000 description 46
- 235000002637 Nicotiana tabacum Nutrition 0.000 description 46
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 30
- 239000011435 rock Substances 0.000 description 16
- 241000681094 Zingel asper Species 0.000 description 8
- 235000019506 cigar Nutrition 0.000 description 8
- 230000013707 sensory perception of sound Effects 0.000 description 6
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000005096 rolling process Methods 0.000 description 4
- 210000000614 Ribs Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 description 2
- 230000000994 depressed Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 description 2
- 230000036633 rest Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 description 2
- 239000002699 waste material Substances 0.000 description 2
- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A24—TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
- A24C—MACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
- A24C1/00—Elements of cigar manufacture
- A24C1/02—Tobacco-feeding devices with or without means for dividing the tobacco into measured quantities
(No Model.) 11Sheets-
J. DEL-A MAR.
GIGAB BUNGHING MACHINE.
Nof 498,844. Patented June 6, 1.893.
W IQ (No ModeL). 11 Sheets-Sheet 2.
J. DELA MAR. CIGAR BUNGHING MACHINE.
No. 498,844. Patented June 6; 1893:
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-
Sheet 3 J. DELA MAR.- GIG-AR BUNGHING MAGHINE.
No. 498,844. Patented June 6, 18 93.
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 4. J DELA MAR CIGAR BUNGHING MAGHINE.
No. 498,844. Patented-June 6, 1893.
vim/24m M 35; alien L01 w /mw (No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 5.
J. DELA MAR.
CIGAR BUNGHING MACHINE. No. 498,844. Patented June 6, 1893. My 3 Z Z4 W @1 ea; a 3
fl g im: uanms mans ca. mmuuma, wnsmnm'cu. o. c
(No Model.) 11 Sheets--
Sheet 6. J. DELA MAR.
GIGAR BUNGHING MACHINE. No. 498,844. Patented June 6, 1893.
wi lmmeo" I v i I I avwe-ntoz (No Model.) 11 Sheets-
J. DELA MAR. CIGAR BUNGHING MAGHINE. No. 498,844. Patented June 6, 1893.
Manama-m 1 u 1 wi maow 31402444307,
rm: wonms F'EYERS co, morou'mo, WASHINGTON, n. c.
(No Model.) 11 Sheets-Sheet 9. J. DELA MAR. CIGAR BUNGHING MAGHINB. No. 498,844. Patented June 6, 1893.
ASHINGTON, u, c.
a wig F v w (No Model.) 11 Sheets-She&t 10.
J. DELA MAR;
GIG-AR BUNGHING MACHINE. I No. 498,844. Patented June 6, 1893.
(No Modelb) 11 Sheets-Sheet 11.
J. DELA MAR. CIGAR BUNOHING MAGHINE.
No. 498,844. Patented June 6. 1893.
N N w fix i a; i 8 i k UNITED STATES PATENT O FICE.
JOSEPH DELA MAR, OF POUGHKEEPSIE, ASSIGNOR TO THE CHAMPION TOBACCO MACHINE COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 498,844, dated June 6, 1893. 7
Application filed January 4. 1892. Serial No. 416,954. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH DELA MAR, of
.Poughkeepsie, county of Dutchess, and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Cigar-Bunching Machines, of which the following is a specification. 7
This invention relates to machines for bunching or forming tobacco as cigars preparatory to applying the wrapper and it consists in the construction and novel arrangement of parts as hereinafter set forth.
In connection with this case reference may be had to my Patent No. 461,072, of October 13, 1891, in which certain clutch mechanism described and shown in this application is shown and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1, is a front elevation of a machine embodying my improvement. Fig. 2, is a side elevation with certain parts omitted. Fig. 3, is an enlarged plan of a portion of the machine showing it in its first position. Fig. 4, is similar to Fig. 3, but showing the parts in a second position. Fig. 5, is similar to Figs. 3 and 4, but showing the third position. Fig. 6, is asection through the line (3, 6, of Fig. 3. Fig. 7, is a section through the
7, 7, of Fig. 4. Fig. 8, is a section through the line 8, 8, of Fig. 5. Fig. 9, is an enlarged detail side view. Fig. 10, is a transverse section through the top of the machine parallel with and looking toward the front of the machine. Fig. 11, is a transverse section through a feeder and table. Fig. 12, is a side elevation of a feeder mechanism. Fig. 13, is a top or plan view thereof. Fig. 14, shows a tobacco receiver. Fig. 15, shows a tobacco bunch and its line of cut by the formers. Fig. 16 shows an enlarged detail view of parts of the feeding mechanism, and Fig. 17 shows a longitudinal central section of the trough, bands and carriers of the feeding mechanism. line
I will first describe the bunching mechanism, and then describe means for feeding tobacco [iller thereto.
Referring by letter to the drawings, A designates a table supported by legs or uprights A which have suitable cross-bars for supporting rotary parts of the machine. I will term frame of the machine.
A is a band or power wheel loosely mounted upon but adapted to rotate a shaft a, when a certain clutch mechanism is thrown into engagement, and operate the machine. The shaft a has a hearing at one end in the main frame of the machine and at the other end in a bearing on a pillow block a. A pinion a is rigidly mounted on the shaft a and has on or adjacent to it, one member of a clutch a The other member of the clutch a is attached to the pulley A and is movable with said pulley into engagement with the other member of the clutch by means of a lever A bifurcated at its upper end and engaging in an annular groove of the movable section of the clutch. At its lower end the lever A is attached to a rock shaft of having bearings in the main frame and provided with a treadle lever a. Obviously by a downward movement'of the treadle a the pulley A and its clutch section will be moved longitudinally of the shaft a and into engagement with the clutch section on the pinion a The pinion a meshes with a gear wheel A secured to a shaft a As a means for unlocking the clutch sections when the lever a is released by the foot of the operator I employ a yielding arm a which is secured at its lower end to the rock shaft a5 and projecting at its face end into the path of a lug a on the gear wheel A. As long as the operators foot holds down the lever a the arm a will yield and pass over the lug a but upon releasing the lever a the lug will move the arm a and through it the rock shaft a and clutch arm A This clutch operating mechanism is shown more in detail in my Patent No. 461,072, of October 13, 18 91.
Bis a gear wheel on the main shaft a This
gear wheel 13 is not toothed throughout its entire circumference, but the teeth extend about half the circumference, or in other the parts A, A, and the cross-bars the main words, it has sufficient teeth to impart a com- 5 plete revolution to a pinion b ata partial revolution of said gt ar B. The pinion b is mounted on a shaft 1) having bearings in the main frame and at one end the shaft 1) is provided with a crank B A link 19 hasat one end an IOO adjustable connection with the crank and at the other end is pivotally connected to a lever connected to a rock shaft 0 having hearings in hangers on the main frame. Arms 19 on the shaft 0 have link connections 12 with a carriage B which is movable on a track on the table A for a purpose hereinafter set forth.
B designates a mutilated gear wheel on the main shaft a to impart movement to certain reciprocating dies hereinafter set forth. This gear and its connections are shown more clearly in Fig. 9. It has opposite segmental rows of teeth I), each row having a sufficient number of teeth to impart a half revolution to a
pinion 13 having bearings in the main frame. The pinion B carries a crank arm b* to which a lever B is adjustably attached. At its outer end the lever B is pivotall y connected to a rock lever B fnlcrumed at about its middle to a hanger on the main frame. At the upper end the rock lever B has pivoted to it one end of an adjustable pitman rod B which at the other end is pivoted to the die frame B It will be seen by this construction that one row of teeth 19 when engaged with the pinion B imparts a forward movement to the die frame B and the other row when engaged with said pinion B completes its revolution and imparts a return movement to the die frame B Of course when neither row of teeth o is engaged with the pinion B the said pinion must be held stationary and I therefore provide a detent, here shown as a resilient rod 11 secured at one end to the main frame and having near its fore end a lug b which projects between teeth of the pinion B. The end of the detent Z2 projects into the path of segmental ribs 71 on the surface of the wheel B arranged in advance of the rows of teeth b".
B is a mutilated gear wheel mounted on the shaft a and intended to impart a vertical reciprocating motion to an ejector B through the medium of a pinion Z9 carrying a crank I), a
crank lever 0 adjustably connected to the crank b and arms 19 attached at the upper end to a cross-head B to which the ejector B is attached. The cross-head B at its ends engages with and is movable up and down on rods 1)" extending upward from the table A.
O is a presser designed to eoact with a die comprising horizontally movable portions C, O to cut and form the bunch. This presser O is movable vertically between
side rails 0 and is actuated from the main shaft C67 by the following means: Arms 0 have a pivotal connection at one end with lugs on the presser and at the other end are secured to a rock shaft 0 having hearings in blocks extending upward from a frame or standards O erected on the table A. From this rock shaft C an arm 0 extends and has pivoted to its outer end arod c which at its lower end is pivotally connected to a rod o pivoted at one end to a fixed portion of th frame and having at its other end a roller 0 which bears upon a cam c mounted on the main shaft a Obviously a rotation of the cam c with the main shaft will impart a vertically reciprocating motion to the presser O. Asa means for holding the roller 0 in contact with the cam and render a positive motion of the presser, I employ a spring 0 which is secured at one end to the rod 0 and at the other end to a fixed part of the frame A.
I will now describe the horizontally operating forming
die portions 0', 0 These die portions are supported by and are movable toward and from each other on the support 0 by means of the pitman B and its connections with the main shaft a before described, which also impart a to-and-fro movement to the die frame B In the first operation the die portions are moved toward each other to press the filler bunch before aforward movement is imparted to the frame B carrying the die portions. To cause the die portions to approach each other I employ bell-crank levers D, D, which are respectively pivoted attheir.
centers to the frame B and are pivoted together at their adjacent ends as at (1. One arm of the lever D is pivotally connected to a block cl which has a sliding connection with frame and to which the pitman B is attached. One arm of the lever Dis pivotally connected to a block 61 which has a sliding connection with frame B as shown.
The operation of the parts above described may be understood from the following: After the filler is fed between the die portions, by means hereinafter described, the rock-lever B acts to cause the die portions to approach each other and press the filler between the die portions as shown in Figs. 4 and 7. At a time just before the movement of the die portions the presser O is caused. to move downward forming the top of the die as shown in Fig. 7. The continued motion of the rock-lever pushes the male die, which is provided with a steel cutting edge half-way through the female die, which is provided with a cutting knife, as shown in Fig. 10, forward under the ejector B which now descends and forces the filler into the
loop 6 of a rolling apron E. This rolling apron E is secured at one end to the forward end of a bunching table E on the carriage l5 and extends over a bunching roller e having journal bearings in the standards O and its oppositeend is secured to a bar 6 on the carriage B. The lower plane of the bunching roller 6 is but slightly above the plane of the bunching table E so that loop 6 Willbe held closely around the filler dropped into it, as in Fig. 8, when the table E moves under the roller; a backward movement is imparted to the carriage B and table E at the proper time by the mechanism heretofore described and when the carriage shall have reached the limit of its rearward movement, the completed bunch drops into the receptacle 6 from which it may be removed by hand. After the completion of the bunch as de- IIO . scribed the'carriage moves forward to its normal position, but before the carriage B moves to roll the bunch the die portions have been returned to their normal position to receive a fresh charge of filler from the feeder.
I will now describe the means for feeding the filler to the die; and also the means of controlling the length of the filler tobe fed. This mechanism is best shown in Figs. 1, 11, 12, 13, and 14.
F, is a way for conveying tobacco, extending laterally from the bunching machine on a plane with the
die portions 0, C and F, F, are endless carriers for conveying the filler to the formers. The carriers are in the form of endless bands running in the way F, one carrier F extending around rollers f, f, one of which is arranged adjacent to and in line with the entrance f to the die portions 0, C and the other, f, has journal bearings in hangers at the outer end of the way F. This endless carrier F runs in the way F. The carrier F is shorter than thecarrier F ,and is arranged below the same and extends around rollersf f journaled in hangersdepending from the way F. This short carrier F has at convenient points fingers f extending from it at substantially right angles to the width of the carrier. These fingers are preferably resilient and extend beyond the surface plane of the carrier F and are designed to embrace the charge of filler at the sides to carry it along with the carrier F as shown at F and F Fig. 11 of the drawings. The roller f ovor which the carrier F extends is at some distance from the entrance f 5 to the dies so that there is a considerable space in which the fingers f do not aid in carrying the charge of filler over this space; however, I arrange an endless presser band G. This band G, extends around rollers g, g, one of which has journal bearings in blocks 9 which are vertically adjustable in ways 9 These blocks g may be moved downward in the ways by means of screws g passing through threaded holes in the top plate of the ways 9 and springs g shown in Fig 16of the drawings arranged beneath the blocks serve to raise them when the screws 9 are screwed upward. The roller g has its shaft bearing in the outer ends of adjustable bars g, the other ends of which have a swinging connection with the journals of the roller g. A weight g at the end of a rod g suspended from one of the bars 9 serves to hold the band G tightly against the upper side of the tobacco. Intermittent or step by step motion is imparted to the carriers, F, F from the main shaft M, by means of a mutilated gear G, rigidly attached to the shaft a engaging at proper intervals with a pinion G? mounted on a shaft g and carrying a crank g A link G3 has an adjustable connection at one end with the crank g and at the upper end has a pivotal connection with a rack G which is reciprocated vertically in a suitable guide-way erected on the table A. The rack G engages with a toothed wheel II, which is loosely mounted on the extended shaft of the roller f. The wheel H is mounted loosely on the shaft so that motion will not be imparted to the carriers F, F during the downward movement of the rack G but to impart movement to said carriers during an upward movement of said rack I provide a ratchet wheel h which is rigidly connected to the shaft of the roller fand the wheel H has attached to it adog h which engages with the teeth of the wheel h when the rack is moved upward and consequently rotary motion is imparted to the rollerf to move the carrier F At the same time motion isimparted to the short carrier-F by means of a sprocket wheel h on the shaft of the rollerfand with a sprocket-chain 79 engaging with asprocket-wheel h on the extended journal of the roller f So it willbe readily seen that by giving more or less throw to the rack G I regulate the length of the tobacco to be fed foracertain bunch. Motion is also imparted to the roller g, to move the band G, from the shaft of the roller f, by means of a gear wheel himounted on said shaft and engaging through intermediate automatically adjusting gears h with a gear wheel 72' mounted rigidly on the extended journal of the roller g. The gears 71 have journal bearings in toggle links, 71), h it one of which, it is hung loosely on the journal of the roller g,
and another of which, it is loosely connected with the shaft of the rollerf, and the middle one h being loosely engaged on the journals of the gears h By means of these toggle links the several gears, 71 h h will maintain their engagement at any adjustment of the roller g.
I will now describe the means of feeding the fillenin equal quantities to the feed belts. I, is a plunger, movable on a table 1', extended at right angles to and slightly above the way F and carriers F, F This plunger I, has
rods 1 extending rearward from it through bearings in a block 1 which are joined together at the outer ends by a hand'bar I. Springs 7:, are coiled around the rods 1 between the plunger I, and the bearing block 1 and serve to force the plunger I, forward; these springs are adjustable to give the desired pressure. A detent 1 serves to hold the plunger 1, in its rearward position until it is desired to move the plunger forward. This detent 1 consists of a resilient arm connected to the central portion of the plunger I, and having a lug t", which normally engages against the outer edge of a bart' above the table I, as plainly shown in Fig. 11. This arm 1 extends rearward within reach of an operator at the handle bar I,
J, is a frame, open at opposite sides, into which filler is packed preparatory to feeding it to the machine. This frame J, when filled by an operator with filler, is placed on the table 1 forward of the plunger I, with its open sides so arranged that the plunger may pass into one side of the frame to force sufficient filler out at the other side, into a chamber J, directly above the carriers F, F, the surplus filler remaining in the frame being cut off by means hereinafter explained. This chamber J has a swinging bottom j, held in its normal horizontal position by means of springs j which at their upper ends bear against the under side of the bottom j, and at their other ends extend into sockets j below the table I, and into which they are Wholly depressed when the bottom j, is swung downward.
K, is an ejector for forcing tobacco from the chamber J, onto the carrier F and at the same time cutting the suplus filler at the rear side along the front side of the frame J, thereby leaving the surplus filler in frame J. The ejector K, has rods extending upward through guides in, which are adjustable vertically on the parts k to determine the thickness of the tobacco to be fed, thereby acting as a gage. That is, as the top of the ejector normally rests against the lower guide It a vertical adjustment of this guide will. limit the upward movement of the ejector out of the chamber J, and consequently modify the outlet of the frame J. The chamber J, has a side wall j, which is rendered adjustable toward and from the opposite side of the chamber, secured to a
carrier 1 which is movable on the table I and also carries the plunger I, by means of rods 3' secured to it and projected through holes in a side j, of the way F, and secured as adjusted by set screws j passing through tapped holes in collars j secured to said side. A hand bar K, joins the upper ends of the rod 70, and springs k surrounding said rods between the hand bar K, and the upper guides 7c serve to return and normally hold the ejector in its upward position. The ejector K has ayielding lower side It". This lower side consists of a metal plate L shaped in cross-section, the upright portion of which slides against the outer side of the ejector as shown in Fig. 11; and the horizontal portion has pins 70 extending into vertical openings in the ejector in which are seated coiled springs 70. The ejector carries a cutter blade L, which when the ejector is moved downward cuts the filler evenly at the side along the front opening of the frame J. The surplus filler remaining in the frame, may have more filler added to it to the proper amount, if found necessary. The operation of this part of the machine is as follows: The tobacco is first placed in a frame J, and this frame is placed in position forward of the plunger I the operator now pulls upward the detent 1 allowing the springs 'i, to move the plunger through or into the frame J, and force the charge of filler into the chamber J. Now
the operator forces the ejector downward to cut the filler and eject it onto the carrier F which transfers it to the dies as before described.
Returning now to the forming die portions C, 0 I will describe means for cutting the upon which the die frames move.
tobacco bunch into proper lengths and at the sametime forming the point end of the cigar.
die portion 0 is provided at its upper side for a portion of its length with a cutter p, and the die portion 0 is provided on its upper side with a similar cutter p, and a stationary cutter 10 is fixed to the bed plate P,
After tobacco from the feeder shall have been fedbetween the die portions and the
presser 0 shall have assumed its downward position, the die portion moving together will cause the several cutters to cut the bunch as indicated by the dotted line 19 Fig. 15, so that the part P has the general form of a cigar. After this part, P, shall have been forcedinto theroller apron as before described, the bunch is again fed forward, and its bifurcate end, formed by the cut on the line 19 will be closed together, so that there is no waste.
Having described my invention, whatI claim as new in a cigar-Launching
machine 1. The combination with driving mechanism of two horizontally'movable die portions,
I a vertically moving presser c'oacting with the die portions, agear and lever mechanism between said driving mechanism and die portions and a mutilated gear adapted to impart intermittent half-revolutions to said first named gear and reciprocate the die portions,
substantially as specified.
2. The combination with driving mechanism of two horizontally movable forming die 1 portions, mechanism substantially such as described for causing the movements of said die portions, a vertically moving presser, coacting with the die portions, means for operating said presser, an ejector for forcing the filler from the die portions, and a roller apron,
onto which filler is forced from the die, substantially as specified.
3. Thecombination with driving mechanism and ahorizontally movable forming die, of two endless carriers driven from a main shaft,
one arranged below the other, and the said lower carrier havingv upwardly projecting fingers extending above the upper carrier, to engage the sides of the filler, substantially as specified.
4:. In combination with a horizontally movable die and mechanism for operating the same, of an endless carrier, a toothed wheel on one of the rollers of said carrier, a vertically operating rack engaging with said toothed wheel and a mutilated gear and intermediate mechanism for operating said rack,
and an endless presser band arranged above a portion of one of said carriers at its discharge end, substantially as specified.
6. The combination with a horizontally movable forming die and mechanism comprising a main shaft for operating the same, of endless carrier one arranged below the other, the lower carrier having upwardly projecting fingers, extending above the upper carrier, said carriers operated with an intermittent motion from said main shaft, an endless presser band above aportion of one of said carriers, rollers over which said presser band extends, an adjustable connection between said rollers and a weight for forcing said presser band toward the carrier, substantially as specified.
7. The combination with a horizontally movable forming die and mechanism for operating the same, of endless carriers one arranged below the other, the lower carriers having upwardly projecting fingers extending above the upper carrier, a rack mechanism for operating the same, a main shaft, connection between the shaft and rack, an endless presser band, a roller over which said presser band extends, a yielding bearing for said roller, a gear wheel on the shaft of a roller of one of the carriers and automatically adj nstable gear wheels connecting said first-named gear wheels,substantially as specified.
8. The combination with a former die and a carrier, of a plunger for forcing tobacco into a chamber above said carrier and an ejector for forcing the tobacco from said chamber onto the carrier, substantially as specified.
9. The combination with a former die and a carrier, of a plunger operating at right angles to the movement of said carrier, a chamber above the carrier having a yielding bottom and an ejector for forcing tobacco from said chamber onto the carrier, substantially as specified.
10. The combination with the former and the carrier of a chamber above said carrier, a plunger for forcing tobacco from a frame into said chamber, springs for moving said plunger forward and an' ejector for forcing tobacco from the chamber onto the carrier, substantially as specified.
11. In combination with a forming die and carrier mechanism of a chamber arranged above said carrier, a plunger for forcing tobacco from a frame into said chamber, an ejector movable through said chamber and a cutter blade carried by said ejector, substantially as specified.
12. The combination with a carrier, of a chamber above said carrier, a plunger for forcing tobacco into said chamber, rods extending rearward from said plunger, springs for moving the plunger forward, a detentfor holding it in its rearward position, and an ejector movable vertically through said chamber, substantially as specified.
13. The combination with a forming die and a carrier, of a plunger for forcing tobacco into a chamber above the carrier the chamber and an ejector movable through the chamber and having a yielding bottom plate, substantially as specified.
14. In combination with a forming die and a carrier, of a plunger for forcing tobacco into a chamber above the carrier, the chamber an ejector movable through said chamber and a spring or springs for moving said ejector in one direction, substantially as specified.
15. The combination witha former and a carrier, of a chamber arranged above said carrier, of a plunger for forcing tobacco into said chamber, an adjustable side and swinging bottom for said chamber and an ejector operating vertically through said chamber, substantially as specified.
16. The combination with driving mechanism, comprising a main shaft, of a forming die operated from the main shaft, a presser coacting with the die and operated from. the main shaft, an ejector for forcing the tobacco from the die and operated from said main shaft and a bunching mechanism to which the filler is forced bythe ejector, substantially as 17 The combination with driving mechanism of horizontal operating die portions each portion having for a portion of its length a cutter, a fixed cutter on the bed plate coacting with the first named cutters, substantially as specified.
JOSEPH DELA MAR.
J AS. E. WARNER, JAMES M. HIcKs.
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US498844A true US498844A (en)||1893-06-06|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US498844D Expired - Lifetime US498844A (en)||d ela mar|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||US498844A (en)|
- US US498844D patent/US498844A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
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