US497939A - John frederick charles abelspies - Google Patents

John frederick charles abelspies Download PDF

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US497939A
US497939A US497939DA US497939A US 497939 A US497939 A US 497939A US 497939D A US497939D A US 497939DA US 497939 A US497939 A US 497939A
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strings
instrument
abelspies
frame
john frederick
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D1/00General design of stringed musical instruments
    • G10D1/04Plucked or strummed string instruments, e.g. harps or lyres
    • G10D1/05Plucked or strummed string instruments, e.g. harps or lyres with fret boards or fingerboards
    • G10D1/08Guitars

Description

(No Model.) A
J. P. C. ABELSPIES.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
MUSICAL-INSTRUMENT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 497,939, dated May 23,
Application filed November l5, 1892. Serial No. 452,096. (No model.)
T0 all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, JOHN FREDERICK CHARLES ABELSPIES, teacher and composer of music, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, residing at 23a Great Western Road, Glasgow, in the county of Lanark, Scotland, have invented certain new and usefullmprovements in Musical Instruments, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to an improved musical instrument, which may be termed a harpguitar, as it combines along with a guitar of ordinary or special construction, a number of strings strung after the manner of a harp and plucked by thengers as in that instrument.
The object of this invention is to provide an instrument, such as a guitar, which shall have a much greater and richer volume of sound, and on which music played iu any key can be produced with equal effect.
In carrying out my invention, the guitar is provided with a metal frame, to which all the strings are attached at one end. This frame does not rest on the belly of the instrument, but is raised slightly above it, and fastened by means of screws at the end and at each side, to small blocks, fixed at suitable points inside the instrument at the edges. The bar to which the strings are attached is furnished with holes and other suitable means, if desired, for fastening the strings, and extends for a considerable distance across the instrument, to allow for the increased number of strings. The strain is thus taken off the belly and distributed better over the instrument. The usual bridge is of course provided, over which the strings pass. A number of strings, preferably five, at the outer side, proceed to the end of the finger board, which is of the ordinary construction, with raised lines or frets marking the notes, and are there fastened by tuning keys, in any suitable manner. At the end of the finger board is situated one end of a frame, somewhat after the style of a harp frame, which projects outward, with a suitable curve, far enough to allow the remainder of the strings to be fastened in a similar manner by keys. A rod or stay projects, from the end of this upper bar, to the lower end of the instrument, passing through the body to the foot block inside, and fixed there by any suitable means. The whole frame is thus firmly fixed and takes off much of the strain from the body of the instrument. The last mentioned set of strings have no finger board, and are not stopped by the fingers, the whole string vibrating, and they are generally of lower pitch than the stopped strings, the lower notes thus always coming out. clearly when played 0n these strings.
According to the arrangement I find most desirable, the strings are arranged in the following order:-The five strings stretched over the linger board are tuned in the order e, b, g, eb, bb, and the remaining strings, preferably eleven in number, in the order f, c, g, d, a, e,
b, fa, @it et, @b-
The linger board having one string less than the ordinary guitar is thus more easily manipulated, as the hand has not so far to stretch, the sixth string not being required with the added strings.
All of the major and minor keys can be played with ease on this instrument, and the fiat and minor keys which are very ineffective and difficult to play on the ordinary guitar, are brought out as clearly and with as good effect as the simplest major keys, as all the bass notes in whatever key can be played with open strings, the strings from the fourth on the ordinary or fingerboard set to the sixteenth or eleventh on the harp set, giving the chromatic scale from el7 to eb, without requiring stopping. The strings are tuned in the manner described (in fifths), in order to bring the chords more conveniently to the fingers, as the dominant and subdominant bass lie together, and any bass figure can be played without interfering with the chords. The
strings all resting on the bridge, transfer their vibration to the belly of the instrument, which being comparatively free from strain, can respond readily and give out a much IOO greater volume of sound than that obtained from an ordinary guitar, each note also being given With greater clearuess.
In order that the invention may be more clearly understood, reference is had to the accompanying drawing, which shows an instrument after the form of a guitar with my improved arrangement applied. A is the body of the instrument, having the linger board B of the ordinary construction, but with the end formed by the curved piece or head C, to Which all the strings are attached, form-f ing part of the frame. rThe rod D extends from the other end of this piece through the body A, to a block E, at the bottom of the instrument, thus completing the frame and bearing the greater part of the strain on the instrument, caused by the strings. To this block and to tWo other blocks F, situated one on each side, is fixed by means of screws or otherwise the frame G to the upper bar g of which the lower ends of the strings are attached, passing over the bridgeH to the top C, the set l) belonging to the finger board and stopped and played in the manner usual in such instruments, and the set c being` attached to the outer side of the frame. All the strings are fastened by means of the tuning pegs b and c', of any ordinary or special construction and are tuned in the usual manner.
g of which the strings are attached, substantially as described and for the purposes specified.
2. An instrument ot' the kind described having` three blocks E and F, one at the bottom of the instrument and one at each side, the frame C D iixed to the top of the finger board and to the block E and serving to carry a supplementary set of strings, and the frame G, xed to the three blocks E and F, to the upper bar g of which the strings are attached, the whole constructed as described and shown and for the purposes specified.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, at Glasgow, this 24th day of October,
lS92, in the presence of two Witnesses.
JOHN FREDERICK CHARLESABELSPIES. In presence of- WILLIAM HIsLoP, Solicitor cmcl Notary Public, Glasgow.
Guo. L. SLoAN, .Apprentlcc-dzf-Ldw, Glasgow.
US497939D John frederick charles abelspies Expired - Lifetime US497939A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5895872A (en) * 1996-08-22 1999-04-20 Chase; Douglas S. Composite structure for a stringed instrument
US20110011237A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US20110185877A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-08-04 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US11004429B2 (en) * 2019-05-31 2021-05-11 Troy Johnson Acoustic bass guitar

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5895872A (en) * 1996-08-22 1999-04-20 Chase; Douglas S. Composite structure for a stringed instrument
US20110011237A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-01-20 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US7939735B2 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-05-10 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US20110185877A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-08-04 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US11004429B2 (en) * 2019-05-31 2021-05-11 Troy Johnson Acoustic bass guitar

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