US492783A - Beam-calipers - Google Patents

Beam-calipers Download PDF

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US492783A
US492783A US492783DA US492783A US 492783 A US492783 A US 492783A US 492783D A US492783D A US 492783DA US 492783 A US492783 A US 492783A
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head
bar
screw
heads
fingers
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B3/00Instruments as specified in the subgroups and characterised by the use of mechanical measuring means
    • G01B3/20Slide gauges

Description

(No Model.)
J. E. GLOUGH. BEAM GALIPERS.
No. 492,783. Patented Mar. 7,62893.
WITNESSES:
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UNITED STATES j PATENT OFFICE.
JUSTIN E. CLOUGH, OF TOLlLAND, CONNECTICUT.
lBEAM-CALIPERS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 492,783, dated March 7, 1893.
Application filed April 2, 1892. Serial No. 427,467. (No model.)
T0 all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JUSTIN E. CLOUGH, of Tolland, county of Tolland, and State of Connecticut,.have invented a new and useful Improvement in Caliper-Gages, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part thereof.
My invention relates to caliper gages, sometimes called Vernier calipers, for determining both outside and inside measurements, and has for its objects to provide such instruments with means for securing very tine'adjustments with perfect accuracy, and to provide means whereby the shift from an inside to an outside measurement and vice versa, can be eected instantly and without mental calculation.
To these ends my invention consists in the caliper gage constructed and operating as hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the-drawings, in which like letters and numerals designate like parts inthe several views Figure l is aside. View of a gage embodying my invention, a portion of the graduated bar being broken away. Fig. 2, is an end view thereof, looking toward theleft in Fig. l. Fig. 3 is aside view of another and in some respects the preferred form of the gage. Fig. 4 is an end View thereof, looking toward the right in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a plan View of the micrometer adjusting device used on said gage. Fig. 6 is a horizontal section taken upon line :2c-:z: of Fig. 3. Fig. 7 is a side view of still another form of gage embodying the invention. Fig. 8 is an end view thereof, looking toward the left in Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is a horizontal section taken upon line y--y of Fig. 7. Y
`Referring to Figs. l and 2, the lettera designates the graduated bar forming the body portion of the gage, which bar terminates at one end in the laterally projecting finger a. Upon said bar is mounted the sliding head b carrying a corresponding finger o', which head can be rigidly secured in position upon the bar by means of a set-screw b2, bearing against an interposed gib in a well known manner. By adjusting said head to different positions upon the bar the distance between vthe iingers a b can be varied at will, and to facilitate by broken lines in Fig. 1.
` the combined Width of the ends of the two tingers, such distance being determined by the graduations on the bar. vSuch operatlon besides consuming time, is liable to result u1 an inaccurate adjustment because of the possibility of an incorrect reading of the graduations, and 0f an inaccurate setting of the head b at the desired graduation; For the purpose of obviating these objections, I provide rigid stops to limit the movement of head b' at the exact point toV secure the corresponding inside or outside measurement, after one of such measurements has been determined, thus enabling the shift to be performed instantly and without mental calculation. The form and arrangement of said stops can be greatly vvaried within the spirit of my invention.
As shown in Figs. l and 2, the head b is bored throughout its entire length adjacent to the point Where it embraces the bar, and counterbored from its end adjacent to finger a nearly to its opposite end, as vrepresented A rod d, passed through the bore in said head, has an enlarged head which occupies the counterbore, and has its opposite end rigidly secured to a sliding head d adjustably held upon the bar by a Setscrew d2. The outer end of the counterbore in the head is closed by a screw d3, thus confiningv the head of said pin within said counterbore, and by turning said screw the effective length of the counterbore can be increased or diminished at will. In practice said screw is so set that the length ofl the counterbore minus the length of the head of pin d will exactly correspond with the combined width ofthe ends of the fingers a b', and its position is never changed except for the purpose of compensating for the Wear of said fingers. Supposing the first measurement to be a roo linger b is set at the desired distance from finger a', as determined by the lgraduations on the bar, and head d is moved upon the bar until the head of pin d bears against the end of the counterbore in head b opposite to screw d3, as represented in Fig. 1. Having thus secured the inside measurement, to determine the corresponding outside measurement it is necessary simply to loosen set-screw b2 and slide head b toward head d until the head of pin d is brought into contact with the end of screw d3, and then tighten said set- .screw b2 again, and the operation is completed.
In determining an inside from an outside measurement, the operation is the same except that head dis moved in the first instance to cause the head of pin d to hear against the end of screw d3, and head b is moved in the opposite direction in making the shift. No reference is made to the graduations on the bar in such operation, and, consequently, the change can be performed instantly and with perfect accuracy.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 3 to 6 inclusive, the fingers ef are carried by two sliding heads ef on a graduated bar g, each of which heads is provided with an independent adjusting means to vary its position on the bar relatively to the other. The adjusting device for head e consists of' the micrometer mechanism composed of a compound screw e2 having thereon threads of a different pitch, the threads on the portion l thereof being of a twenty-five pitch, for eX- ample, and those on lthe portion 2 being of a twenty pitch. The portion l of said screw enters a similarly threaded hub or nut g on bar g, and the portion 2 enters a similar hub or nut e3 on head e, said nuts being preferably split longitudinally and provided with set-screws and an interposed gib of absorbent material, for the purpose of taking up wear of the screw-threads and keeping the screw free from grit and dirt, as shown. The hub or nut g is counterbored as shown to receive the enlarged outer end of screw e2 upon which are located peripheral graduations in the usual manner, and said screw is provided with the usual milled head to facilitate turning it.
To facilitate accurate adjustment of head f, within certain specified limits, said head is provided with a conically pointed screw f2, which enters a tapped hole in the head, and the bar g is provided with a series of conical depressions q2 to receive the end of said screw, said depressions being located at uniformly exact distances apart, forexample onefourth of an inch as shown. By means of said screw and depressions the head f can be accurately set in any desired position, as indicated by the depressions, without the exercise of any particular care, such as would be required to canse it to register with a simple graduation mark. For fractional portions of an inch less than the distance between the depressions g2, the micromete'1 screw e2 is employed, so that by the combined operation of said adjusting devices any degree of separation of the fingers ef can be secured quickly and with entire accuracy, the dierence 1n pitch of the threads on said screw e2 providing for an adjustment of head e corresponding to the smallest subdivision of the graduations indicated at its outer end. The head e is bored and counterbored to receive a rod h and its head, and an adjusting screw e4, in the same manner as the head b first described, said rod h in this instance passing freely through a bore in head f and through a guiding loop g3 at the end of bar g, a set-screw f3 in headfenabling said head to be rigidly connected tothe rod. In practice, said setscrew f8 is loosened, and the heads e and f being adjusted upon the bar to secure the desired inside or outside measurement, the rod h is moved to cause its head to bear against the end of the counterbore in head e or against the end of screw e4 as the case may be, and said set-screw f3 is tightened upon the rod. The shift from one measurement to the other can then be made as in the form first described, by simply loosening the set-- screw which secures head f to the bar and moving said head in the proper direction as far as it can go. As this form of the gage is adapted to secure finer adjustments than the form shown in Fig. 1 I prefer to use it in all line work.
In the form shown in Figs. 7 8 and 9, four heads are utilized upon a single bar k, two upon each side thereof, as followsz-A head m carrying a finger m', which head is rigidly secured to Ithe bar by screws as shown, a head n carrying a finger n', adjustably secured to the bar adjacent to said head m, and two heads o and p, carrying fingers o lo', adjustably secured to the bar upon its opposite side. The heads 'm and o are provided with Vernier graduations as shown to enable a very fine adjustment of the latter head to be made in the usual manner. The head n has an adj usting device similar to the tapered screw f2 previously described with reference to the form shown in Fig. 3, except that in this case a tapered pin n2 to enter tapered holes lo in the bar, is employed. The heads m and nare provided with stops for the shifting movement in changing from an outside to an inside measurement and vice versa, identical with those shown in Fig. 3, while the head p has a slightly different form of stop for the same purpose, the same comprising a rod p2 rigidly secured at one end to the bar 7c, and having adjustably secured thereon a lug p3 which projects between two screws p4 on said head, said screws being held within tapped huhson the head as shown. rlhe operation of this form of stop is substantially the same as that rst described, the lug p3 being set at a position on rod p2 to correspond with the adjusted position of head p, and said'head being then moved in either direction as far as it can go, to secure the corresponding out- IOO IIO
side or inside measurement, the screws p4 serving to compensate for wear of the lingers o p. Two sets of independently adjustable fingers, located upon opposite sides of the bar, are thus provided, which can be used forv securing two separate outer and inner measurements, or those upon one side can be set to indicate the outer measurement and the other the inner measurement, so that no shift ,of either of the fingers will be required to change from one to the other, the mere reversal of the instrument being sufficient. The capacity of the gage is thus doubled, but I regard that of the form shown in Fig. 3 as being sufficient for all ordinary Work.
It will be observed that the improvements devised by me not only effect a great saving in time and trouble to a person using the gage, but enable the finest adjustments to be made with perfect accuracy by even an unskilled workman.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a caliper gage, a graduated bar, two fingers projecting laterally therefrom, means substantially as described for securing any desired degree of separation between said fingers, a stop device substantially as described adjustably secured upon said bar, and stop devices upon one of said fingers adapted to engage the device on the bar to limit the amount of movement of said finger from an adj usted positionto a distance corresponding to the combined width of said fmgers at their outer end, combined and operating substantially as described. 4
2. In a caliper gage, a graduated bar, two sliding heads mounted upon said bar each of which heads carries a calipering finger, means substantially as described for securing each of said heads in any desiredposition upon the bar, and stoprdevices substantially as described for positively limiting the movement of one of said heads from any position of adj ustment, to a distance corresponding to the combined width of said fingers at their outer end, combined and operating substantially as set forth.
3. Ina caliper gage, a graduated bar, ktwo heads adjustably mounted upon said bar each of which carries a calipering finger, a rod adapted to be rigidly secured to one of said heads, said rod passing loosely through a bore in the other of said heads and having an enlarged end located within a counterbore in the latter head, said counterbore being of such length that the limit of movement of the end of the rod therein will correspond with the combined Width of said fingers at their outer end, combined and operating substantially as set forth. l
4. In a caliper gage, graduated bar g, heads e and fadjustably secured upon said bar and carrying the fingers e f respectively, micrometer screw e2 engaging threaded hubs on the bar and head e respectively, rod h passing through said heads and having its enlarged end retained within a counterbored recess in head e, and set-screwfifor rigidly connecting head f to said rod, combined and operating substantially as set forth.
5. In a caliper gage, the combination with graduated bar g of heads e f adjustably secured to said bar and carrying the fingers ef, and micrometer screw c2 having the threaded portion l engaging threaded hub g on the bar, and threaded portion 2 of a different pitch engaging threaded hub e3 on head e,
said screw having its head provided with pey,
JUSTIN E. CLOUGH.
I/Vitness es W. H. CHAPMAN, F. W. CLoUGH.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2656715A (en) * 1951-03-22 1953-10-27 Charles P Tolman Ocular tension indicator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2656715A (en) * 1951-03-22 1953-10-27 Charles P Tolman Ocular tension indicator

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