US487716A - Organ - Google Patents

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US487716A
US487716A US487716DA US487716A US 487716 A US487716 A US 487716A US 487716D A US487716D A US 487716DA US 487716 A US487716 A US 487716A
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organ
crank
lever
arm
stop
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10BORGANS, HARMONIUMS OR SIMILAR WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS WITH ASSOCIATED BLOWING APPARATUS
    • G10B1/00General design of organs, harmoniums or similar wind musical instruments with associated blowing apparatus
    • G10B1/08General design of organs, harmoniums or similar wind musical instruments with associated blowing apparatus of harmoniums, i.e. reed organs

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  • My invention relates to musical instruments of the kind known as organs, wherein pedals are actuated by the feet and a k yboard is actuated by the fingers in order to produce a current of air through determined reeds, thereby producing desired sounds, and in which are placed certain stops, by means of which a variation in the character of the sounds produced is obtained; and the objects of myinvention are to obtain an organ wherein the reeds are readily exposed to view for the purpose of tuning the instrument or for substituting a new reed fora defective one and to obtain an instrument wherein in the operation thereof the movement of air passing through the reeds, where more than one reed is employed to produce a given note, shall be alike for each of such reeds-that is to say, where each reed forming one of a bank, as it is termed, shall be acted upon in the same manner loya current of air as the other reeds in the bank when the instrument is in use, it being well known that as
  • a further object of my invention is to obtain an organ wherein all the several parts are or may readily be exposed to view whenever desired.
  • a still further object of my invention is to obtain an organ easy and responsive in the action thereof, durable and not liable to get out of repair, and economical in construction.
  • Figure 1 is a plan view of the keyboard, of the several stops, and of the box containing the reeds, with a portion of the top of the box cut away, exposing to view theframe in which the reeds are placed;
  • Fig. 2 a sectional view on line 2 20f Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows;
  • Fig. 3 a cross-sectional view on line 3 3 of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated Serial No. 442,787. (No model.)
  • Fig. 4 a cross sectional view on line L 4 of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows;
  • Fig. 5, a cross-sectional view on line 5 5 of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows;
  • Fig. 6, a perspective view on the under side thereof of a valve used in closing the several cells in which the reeds are placed against the passage of air therethrough;
  • Fig. 7 a view of several (four) of these valves in position against the openings of the respective cells thereof, also viewed from the under side;
  • Fig. 8 an end elevation of one of such valves in an upright position, the valves being illustrated as closed by the full lines and an open position being indicated by the dotted lines;
  • Fig. 8 an end elevation of one of such valves in an upright position, the valves being illustrated as closed by the full lines and an open position being indicated by the dotted lines;
  • Fig. 8 an end elevation of one of such valves in an upright position, the valve
  • a front elevation of the couplers employed for obtaining automatic opening of the valve actuating notes an octave higher than the one actuated by the depression of a given key on the. keyboard by the operator.
  • the coupler illustrated in Fig. 9 is placed on the righthand or the treble side of the organ and may be termed a right-hand coupler, and a left-hand coupler similar in construction, but the complement of the one illustrated in Fig. 9, is by me placed on the bass or left-hand end of the keyboard.
  • Fig. 10 is a sectional view of the coupler illustrated in Fig. 9, on line 10 10 thereof, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
  • Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view of the frame holding the stops, with aside elevation of one of the stops therein in a closed position in full lines and indicated in an open position by dotted lines.
  • A is a box consisting of the three parts a, ct, and of, connected together by the hinges a a respectively, part a thereof constituting the sound-box, part a the reed-chest, and part a the wind-chest, of the organ.
  • X X X are bellows-boards or pumps constructed in the ordinary mannerthatis, the cord X is attached at one end to bellowsboard X and at the other end to the pedals and board X is connected to the left-hand one, Fig. 3, of boards X X by spring X so that movement to the left of board X will cause movement to the left of the left-hand one of boards X and a downward current of air, as indicated by the arrows lettered a, through hole a from wind-chest a B B B are reed-cells, b b I) being the front and rear walls and the partitions of such cells.
  • D is a valve yieldingly closing the opening at the lower end of the cells B B to prevent the passage of air into the wind-chest a from above through such cells and adapted to be opened in a manner hereinafter described in the operation of the organ by manipulation of the keyboard thereof.
  • (1 is a spring tending to hold the valve D closed and to automatically close such valve when open.
  • E E E E E 131 E are valves known in the art as mutes, hinged, respectively, by hinges e e to the walls I) b of cells B B.
  • the valve D (illustrated in Figs. 3, 6, 7, and 8) consists of the top d, having on the upper face thereof elastic covering (1 and also having pivotal wires d and (1, respectively. Pivotal wire (1 is bent into form to provide extension (Z adapted to rest upon push-pin F, Figs. 1, 3, and 8, the head of several of such push-pins F F beingindicated by dotted lines in Fig. 7.
  • G G are bass and treble swells, as they are termed.
  • H H are the keys of the organ.
  • H is a pin extending from the framework of the organ upward through holes 71. h and slot 77. and forms the pivotal point on which the keys are fulcrumed, so that the front end thereof can be depressed. This manner of fulcruming the keys H H by me is the ordinary way of arranging piano-board keys.
  • air may pass through cells B B, the reeds in such cells, and into the wind-chest a when the bellows of the organ are properly worked.
  • air can be admitted to one or more of the reeds forming the bank desired to be operated by the depression of any one of the keys of the keyboard.
  • crank-army which crank-arm rests on pivoted lever K, (at the treble or right-hand end of the organ, Figs. 1 and 4.)
  • Lever K is fulcrumed on pin L, and on the forward end of the lever rests crank'arm m of rod or shaft M.
  • crank-arm m At the other end of rod or shaft M is crank-arm m, extending underneath or in front of projection 2' on lever I.
  • Wire J having crank-army, is secured, and to mutes E E, E, and E respectively, are secured wires J J J J with crank-armsj j j 3' respectively.
  • crank-armsj,jijfij, and 7' To connect each of the crank-armsj,jijfij, and 7' to the respective stops therefor, like mechanism, as just described, is employed.
  • levers K K At the treble end of the organ are levers K K fulcrumed as is lever K on pivot L, and on one end of these levers rest, respectively, crank-armsjj and at the bass end of the organ are fulcru med levers K KK on pivot L.
  • crank-armsjflj On these levers K K K rest, respectively, crank-armsjflj", and J
  • wires M M To communicate motion to levers K K", wires M M are pivoted in the framework of the organ, such wires having thereon, respectively, the crank-arms m m, (see Fig.
  • crankarm m being underneath or in front of the projection i on the stop therefor and the arm m thereof resting on one end of the levers K K respectively.
  • Rod M has crank-arm 77?. thereof underneath or in front of a like projection on stop I, with crank-arm "In” thereof resting on lever K.
  • crank-arms m m are arranged in like manner, so that the crank-arms m of each of such rods will come underneath or in front of like projections on stops 1 I 1 respectively, and crank-arm m thereof will rest, respectively, on levers J 3 J 4 J
  • crank-arm m of the rod actuated by such stop will be turned from the position illustrated in full lines into the position thereof illustrated by broken lines, and the crank-arm m thereof, resting on the lever therefor, -will be turned from the upper oneof the two positions thereof indicated by dotted lines in such Fig. 11 into the lower one of such positions, and the lever on which such crank-arm rests will be slightly turned on the pivot thereof, thereby raising the crank-arm resting on the other end thereof, the rod whereof is attached to the .proper one of the mutes, and such mute thereby opened.
  • the operation of the other stops 1 l 1 l I is the same as the operation of the stop I.
  • the swells are pivoted to the top of part a of box A by pivotal rods J 6 and J respectively, one of the rods J having at one end thereof crankarm j, resting on pivoted lever K such pivoted lever K being fulcrumed on pin L, and one of the pivotal wires J having at one end thereof crank-arm 7' resting on pivoted lever K fulcrumed on pin L.
  • parts a a of box A can be raised on hinges a and such raised from the levers K K K K K K K K on which they rest, and, further, that part a of box A can be raised from part ct thereof on hinge a thereby raising crank-arms j g from off levers K K respectively.
  • I provide the following-described mechanism (illustrated in Figs.
  • crank-arm n at the inner end of the journaled rod N extending underneath bell-crank N is raised.
  • Bell-crank N is fulcrumed on pivot n.
  • the upper end of such bell-crank N (lettered n engages with stop N rigidly secured to swell a.
  • the mechanism by which'the coupler-board P is forced into a perpendicular, or nearly so, position is illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, and consists of the stop S, having thereon projection S on one side thereof, and pivoted wire T, having arm 25 at one end thereof, one adapted to come in contact with the projection S on stop S and be thereby partially turned, and crank-arm t at the other end thereof, such crank-arm t pressing against the backof the coupler-board P, as illustrated in Fig. 10.
  • a like coupler-board (lettered P Fig. 1) is actuated by stop S through pivoted wire T having thereon crank-arms t and respectively.
  • Stop S has projection S thereon, coming in contact with arm 75 of wire T and arm of such wire T presses against the back of coupler P In ordcrto obtain what is known as the grand organ, I provide a second knee swellthat is, a knee-swell actuated by the knee of the left leg, the movement of which swell will open all of the mutes E E E E E E and also force into perpendicular or operative position the coupler-boards P P
  • the mechanism by which such mutes and couplerboards are operated is extremely simple, and consists of the following parts: pivoted lever U, turning on fulcrum a, secured to the frame of the organ, longitudinally-moving rod U, having at one end thereof crank-arm u, extending downward to one side of the inner end of pivoted lever U, and crank-arm a at the other end thereof, extending upward and engaging with pivoted lever U so that longitudinal movement of such rod U in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig.
  • Lever WV has thereon stops 7 W and W adapted to come in contact with and actuate pivoted levers K K and K, respectively, and so actuate the mutes E, E, and E through rods J J, and J having the crank-arms thereof resting on such levers K K, and K as hereinbefore described.
  • lever W having thereon stops W W W and W coming, respectively, over levers K, K, K and K respectively-that is, stop WV coming over lever K, stop W over lever K, stop W over lever K and stop W over lever K and stop W over lever K.
  • Lever IN is connected to lever W by rod WV, so that movement of lever WV iscommunicated to lever W
  • the movement of the lever WV will open mutes E E by movement of the levers K K K respectively, and will open swell G by movement of the lever K.
  • the stops W may be cut away so as to open swell G very slightly, if desired, and I have, in fact, so built the organ embodying my invention, while each of the several stops W W W are by me so made as to fully open the mutesE E E
  • To the other end of the lever lV is secured one end of connecting-rod W extending to the inner end of the pivoted lever W.
  • the outer end of the pivoted lever W it will be observed by inspection of Fig.
  • a three-part box forming the wind-chest, the reed-chest, and the grand swell of the organ, the part forming the reed-chest being hinged to the part forming the windchest and the part forming the grand swell being hinged to the part forming the reedchest, with a partition dividing the reed-chest from the wind-chest, such partition having passage-ways therethrough and reeds extending diagonally thereinto across such passage- 1 ways, respectively, substantially as described. 2.
  • a valve adapted to be placed on the under side of the partition between the reed-chest and the wind-chest of such organ and to normally close a passage-way extending through such partition, such valve consisting of a body part and wires attached to such body part, the wires having a portion thereof forming the pivotal supports of the valve, the axial line of such pivotal portion of the wires being outside of the body of the valve, but in a plane extendinglongitudinally through such body of the valve, with an extension on one of such wires to one side of the axial line of the pivotal part thereof,whereby the valve may be actuated when the free end of such extension is raised, substantially as described.
  • a valve adapted to be placed on the under side of the partition between the reed-chest and the wind-chest of such organ and to yieldingly close a passage-way extending through such partition, such valve consisting of a body part and wires attached to such body part, such wires having a portion thereof forming the pivotal supports of the valve, the axial line of such pivotal portion of the wires being outside of the body of the valve, but in a plane extending longitudinally through such body of the valve, with an extension on one of such wires to one side of the axial line of the pivotal part thereof, whereby the valve may be actuated, in com bination with a vertical movable push-pin, on the upper face whereof such extension of the wire normally rests and by the upward movement whereof the valve is actuated, substantially as described.
  • a series of mutes adapted to close a given number of passage-ways extending through the partition between the reedchest and wind-chest of such organ, wires connected, respectively, to such mutes, each of such wires extending through the end wall of the reed-chest and having a crank-arm thereon outside thereof, a series of levers fulcrumed on a common pivot, and a series of wires adapted to partially rotate in the bearings thereof, respectively, each of such wires having at one end thereof a crankarm engaging with one end of one of the series of levers and at the other end a crankarm engaging with a projection extending out from a longitudinally movable stop and adapted to be partially rotated by the longitudinal movement of such stop,substantially as described.
  • a coupling-board hinged to the frame of the organ a series of couplingrods journaled on the front face of such board, each one thereof extending diagonally from the lower to the upper edge thereof, with a crank-arm on the lower end resting on one of the keys of the organ and a crank-arm on the upper end extending underneath the one of the push-pins of' the organ an octave higher than the first-named key, and avertically-journaled wire secured in the frame of the organ, in combination with a crank-arm at one end of such wire, adapted to come in contact with the forward face of the coupling-board, and a crank-arm at the other end adapted to come in contact with and be actuated by a projection extending outward from a longitudinallymovable stop when such stop is drawn out ward, substantially as described.
  • a series of vertically-movable push-pins the combination of a series of keys, the lower end of each one of the series of vertical pins resting upon the inner end of one of the series of keys, and a coupling-board hinged to the frame of the organ, such coupling-board having a series of diagonally-extending rods journaled on one side thereof, each one of such diagonally-extending rods having crank-arms at the ends thereof, the lower one of such crank-arms extending under the under edge of such board and adapted to be brought by the movement of the board on its hinge over one of the keys of the series and be actuated thereby and the upper one of such crank-arms extending over the upper edge of such board and under the head of that one of the series of push-pins which is an octave higher than the key over which the first-named crank-arm of such'rod extends, substantially as described.
  • a grand swell consisting of a cover hinged to the reed-chest of the organ, a stop on such cover at one end thereof, and a leverfulcrumed on a horizontal pivot and movable in a vertical plane, the upper end of such lever extending under the stop and the lower end thereof having thereunder the crank-arm of a horizontally-journaled rod, in combination with such horizontallyjournaled rod having crank-arms at each end thereof, one
  • crankarm at one end extends under and is in connection with the lever movable on its horizontal point and in contact at its upper end with the stop placed on the end of the grand swell, and such lever can be thereby moved against such stop and the grand swellopened, substantially as described.
  • a swell adapted to normally close an opening through the cover forming the grand swell of the organ, wires by which such swell is hinged to such grand swell, a
  • crank-arm lever fulcrumed on a pivot in the frame of the organ,'on the inner end of which lever the crank-arm on the hinging-rod rests, a rod secured in the frame of the organ, having crank-arms at eachend thereof, one of such crank-arms extending over the outer end of the pivoted lever and the other of such crankarms extending underneath and in front of a projection on a longitudinally-movable stop, and a longitudinal stop having a projection thereon adapted to engage with the lastnamed crank-arm, substantially as described.
  • a lever pivoted on the under side of the keyboard of the organ and adapted to be actuated by the left leg of the person operating the organ a longitudinally-movable rod having a crank arm atone end thereof engaging with such lever, and a crank-arm at the other end thereof engaging with the outer end of a second horizontally-movable pivoted lever, in combination with a vertically-movable pivoted lever the lower end whereof is in front of the inner end of the horizontally-movable pivoted lever and adapted to be actuated thereby and the upper end whereof extends over a series of levers having a common fulcrum, each of such last-named levers actuatingone of the bass-motes of the organ, substantially as described.
  • hinged bass coupling-board, and verticallyjournaled Wires having crank-arms at the lower end thereof in contact with such coupling-hoards, respectively, and crank-arms at the upper end thereof in contact with such horizontally-movable arms, respectively, sub stantially as described.

Description

(No Model.) 3 SheeLsS11eet 1.
J. OHILLEEN. ORGAN.
No. 487,716. Patent-ed Dec. 13, 1892.
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
J. CHILLEEN.
0RGAN.. No. 487,716. Patented Dec. 13; 1892.
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'J IIIIIIIII L 711/! Z! r l/ I j g (No Model.) 3 Sheets-Shet 3.
J. GHILLEEN.
ORGAN.
No. 487,716. Patented Dec. 13, 1892.
UNITED STATES J OHN CHILLEEN, OF
PATENT OFFICE.
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
ORGAN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 187,716, dated December 13, 1892.
Application filed August 11,1892.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN CHILLEEN, a resident of the city of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Organ, of which the following, when taken in connection with the drawings accompanying and forming a part here-. of, is a full and complete description, sufficient to enable those skilled in the art to make and use the same.
My invention relates to musical instruments of the kind known as organs, wherein pedals are actuated by the feet and a k yboard is actuated by the fingers in order to produce a current of air through determined reeds, thereby producing desired sounds, and in which are placed certain stops, by means of which a variation in the character of the sounds produced is obtained; and the objects of myinvention are to obtain an organ wherein the reeds are readily exposed to view for the purpose of tuning the instrument or for substituting a new reed fora defective one and to obtain an instrument wherein in the operation thereof the movement of air passing through the reeds, where more than one reed is employed to produce a given note, shall be alike for each of such reeds-that is to say, where each reed forming one of a bank, as it is termed, shall be acted upon in the same manner loya current of air as the other reeds in the bank when the instrument is in use, it being well known that as many as six reeds are placed in a bank in some organs.
A further object of my invention is to obtain an organ wherein all the several parts are or may readily be exposed to view whenever desired.
A still further object of my invention is to obtain an organ easy and responsive in the action thereof, durable and not liable to get out of repair, and economical in construction.
In the drawings referred to as forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a plan view of the keyboard, of the several stops, and of the box containing the reeds, with a portion of the top of the box cut away, exposing to view theframe in which the reeds are placed; Fig. 2, a sectional view on line 2 20f Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows; Fig. 3, a cross-sectional view on line 3 3 of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated Serial No. 442,787. (No model.)
by the arrows; Fig. 4, a cross sectional view on line L 4 of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows; Fig. 5, a cross-sectional view on line 5 5 of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows; Fig. 6, a perspective view on the under side thereof of a valve used in closing the several cells in which the reeds are placed against the passage of air therethrough; Fig. 7, a view of several (four) of these valves in position against the openings of the respective cells thereof, also viewed from the under side; Fig. 8, an end elevation of one of such valves in an upright position, the valves being illustrated as closed by the full lines and an open position being indicated by the dotted lines; Fig. 9, a front elevation of the couplers employed for obtaining automatic opening of the valve actuating notes an octave higher than the one actuated by the depression of a given key on the. keyboard by the operator. The coupler illustrated in Fig. 9 is placed on the righthand or the treble side of the organ and may be termed a right-hand coupler, and a left-hand coupler similar in construction, but the complement of the one illustrated in Fig. 9, is by me placed on the bass or left-hand end of the keyboard. Fig. 10 is a sectional view of the coupler illustrated in Fig. 9, on line 10 10 thereof, viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows. Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view of the frame holding the stops, with aside elevation of one of the stops therein in a closed position in full lines and indicated in an open position by dotted lines.
The same letter of reference is used to indicate a given part where more than one view thereof is shown in the several figures of the drawings.
A is a box consisting of the three parts a, ct, and of, connected together by the hinges a a respectively, part a thereof constituting the sound-box, part a the reed-chest, and part a the wind-chest, of the organ.
X X X are bellows-boards or pumps constructed in the ordinary mannerthatis, the cord X is attached at one end to bellowsboard X and at the other end to the pedals and board X is connected to the left-hand one, Fig. 3, of boards X X by spring X so that movement to the left of board X will cause movement to the left of the left-hand one of boards X and a downward current of air, as indicated by the arrows lettered a, through hole a from wind-chest a B B B are reed-cells, b b I) being the front and rear walls and the partitions of such cells.
C, O, and 0 Figs. 1 and 3, are reeds arranged to form a bank of three thereof.
D is a valve yieldingly closing the opening at the lower end of the cells B B to prevent the passage of air into the wind-chest a from above through such cells and adapted to be opened in a manner hereinafter described in the operation of the organ by manipulation of the keyboard thereof.
(1 is a spring tending to hold the valve D closed and to automatically close such valve when open.
E E E E 131 E are valves known in the art as mutes, hinged, respectively, by hinges e e to the walls I) b of cells B B.
The valve D (illustrated in Figs. 3, 6, 7, and 8) consists of the top d, having on the upper face thereof elastic covering (1 and also having pivotal wires d and (1, respectively. Pivotal wire (1 is bent into form to provide extension (Z adapted to rest upon push-pin F, Figs. 1, 3, and 8, the head of several of such push-pins F F beingindicated by dotted lines in Fig. 7.
In order to readily understand the manner in which the Valve D moves and works, it should be observed that the portions of the pivotal wires 61 d forming the pivot or fulcrum around which the body part d of such valve D turns are journaled in perforations or holes extending through part b and b respectively, of the partition between the reedchest at and the wind-chest a of the instrument, as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 7 of the drawings.
G G, respectively, are bass and treble swells, as they are termed.
H H are the keys of the organ.
his a hole extending through keys H H, the axis of such hole h being in a plane midway between the top and bottom of the key.
72. is a slot extending longitudinally on the key H from the upper face thereof into hole 7t, and 71/2, Figs. 3, at, and 5 is a hole extending from the bottom face of the key H into hole h.
H is a pin extending from the framework of the organ upward through holes 71. h and slot 77. and forms the pivotal point on which the keys are fulcrumed, so that the front end thereof can be depressed. This manner of fulcruming the keys H H by me is the ordinary way of arranging piano-board keys.
By the depression of the end lbs of key II end it, thereof Fig. 8 will be raised, and thereby the push-pin F will be raised from the position in which such pin is illustrated by the full lines in Figs. 3 and 8 into about the position indicated by the broken lines in Fig.8, and thereby the valve D will be opened from the closed position in which it is illustrated by full lines in Figs. 3 and 8 into the position indicated by the broken lines in Fig.
8, and thereby when either the sounding-chest a or swells G G, with mutes E E E E E E or either of them, are opened air may pass through cells B B, the reeds in such cells, and into the wind-chest a when the bellows of the organ are properly worked. In the manner just described air can be admitted to one or more of the reeds forming the bank desired to be operated by the depression of any one of the keys of the keyboard.
In order to actuate separately the mutes E, E, E E, E, and E I provide stops I, I, I, I I, and 1 Figs. 1 and 2 with intermediate mechanism, hereinafter described. Stop I, when drawn out, opens mute E. Stop 1',
when drawn out, opens mute E; stop 1 mute I and mute E. Secured to mute E is wire J,
having crank-army, which crank-arm rests on pivoted lever K, (at the treble or right-hand end of the organ, Figs. 1 and 4.) Lever K is fulcrumed on pin L, and on the forward end of the lever rests crank'arm m of rod or shaft M. At the other end of rod or shaft M is crank-arm m, extending underneath or in front of projection 2' on lever I. To mute E Wire J, having crank-army, is secured, and to mutes E E, E, and E respectively, are secured wires J J J J with crank-armsj j j 3' respectively. To connect each of the crank-armsj,jijfij, and 7' to the respective stops therefor, like mechanism, as just described, is employed. At the treble end of the organ are levers K K fulcrumed as is lever K on pivot L, and on one end of these levers rest, respectively, crank-armsjj and at the bass end of the organ are fulcru med levers K KK on pivot L. On these levers K K K rest, respectively, crank-armsjflj", and J To communicate motion to levers K K", wires M M are pivoted in the framework of the organ, such wires having thereon, respectively, the crank-arms m m, (see Fig. 11,) the crankarm m being underneath or in front of the projection i on the stop therefor and the arm m thereof resting on one end of the levers K K respectively. Rod M has crank-arm 77?. thereof underneath or in front of a like projection on stop I, with crank-arm "In" thereof resting on lever K. M has crankarin m thereof underneath or in front of a like projection on stop I and crank-arm m thereof resting on one end of lever K At the bass end of the organ rods M M M having thereon, respectively, crank-arms m m, are arranged in like manner, so that the crank-arms m of each of such rods will come underneath or in front of like projections on stops 1 I 1 respectively, and crank-arm m thereof will rest, respectively, on levers J 3 J 4 J By this arrangement if any one of the stops 1 I I I I be drawn out (see Fig. 11) into the position illustrated by the broken lines in said figure the crank-arm m of the rod actuated by such stop will be turned from the position illustrated in full lines into the position thereof illustrated by broken lines, and the crank-arm m thereof, resting on the lever therefor, -will be turned from the upper oneof the two positions thereof indicated by dotted lines in such Fig. 11 into the lower one of such positions, and the lever on which such crank-arm rests will be slightly turned on the pivot thereof, thereby raising the crank-arm resting on the other end thereof, the rod whereof is attached to the .proper one of the mutes, and such mute thereby opened. The operation of the other stops 1 l 1 l I is the same as the operation of the stop I.
To open the swells G G, respectively, the swells are pivoted to the top of part a of box A by pivotal rods J 6 and J respectively, one of the rods J having at one end thereof crankarm j, resting on pivoted lever K such pivoted lever K being fulcrumed on pin L, and one of the pivotal wires J having at one end thereof crank-arm 7' resting on pivoted lever K fulcrumed on pin L. Stops I Pare connected,respectively, by wires M M with levers K and K respectively, in like manner as is stop I, connected by rod M, having crank-arms m m thereon,with lever J. connection it will be observed that parts a a of box A can be raised on hinges a and such raised from the levers K K K K K K K K on which they rest, and, further, that part a of box A can be raised from part ct thereof on hinge a thereby raising crank-arms j g from off levers K K respectively. To raise such part Ct or the swell from part ct of box A, I provide the following-described mechanism (illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 3.06.4 of the drawings:) To the case of the organ is pivoted in position to be actuated by the knee in the ordinary manner the lever N on pivot '11, and within the case is journaled the rod N, having at one end thereof crank-arm 'n', Figs. 2 and 4, and at the otherend thereof crank-arm a such cran k-arm n pivotally connected at the lower end thereof with rod N having crank-arm n thereon, so that when the lever N is turned by the knee on pivot 01. rod N is drawn forward longitudinallyin the direction indicated by the arrow underneath such rod in Fig. 2 and the arrow lettered O by the side of such rod in Fig. 1, and thereby the rod N is partially turned or rotated by crank-arm 0?. thereof, and crank-arm n at the inner end of the journaled rod N extending underneath bell-crank N is raised. Bell-crank N is fulcrumed on pivot n. The upper end of such bell-crank N (lettered n engages with stop N rigidly secured to swell a. The twisting or turning of the journaled rod N in the By this mode of manner described by movement of lever N, producing an upward movement in the end of crank-arm n extending underneath the bell-crank N as stated, thereby moves the end n of such bell-crank in the direction indicated by the arrow thereon against stop N thus opening the swell (t.
I have illustrated in the drawing an organ of five octaves, and in such an organ the notes of the two upper octaves are each coupled with the notes of the next lower octave, respectively. In a six-octave organ it is usual to couple the three upper octaves each with the next lower octave, and such coupling can be done by putting in additional ones of the several connections. To part P, Fig. 3, of the frame of the organ is attached by hinge P coupler-board P, (see Fig. 9,) and on this coupler-board there are arranged series of wires Q Q Q Q and so on, one of such wires being provided for each one of the keys of the octave and extending from such key to the same key in the next octave. On each of these wires Q Q Q Q there are the crankarms R B. When the coupler-board P' is forced into a nearly-perpendicular position by means about to be describedthat is, into aboutthepositionillustratedin Fig.l0-armR of each of the coupler-wires Q Q Q rests upon, or nearly so, the upper and inner end of the keys H H, and if any one of such keys H be depressed the consequent elevation of the inner end thereof will raise the crank-arm R from the position in which it is illustrated by the full lines in Fig. 10 to about the position thereof indicated by broken lines in said figure, and consequently the crank-arm R will be raised from the position in which it is illustrated by the full lines in Fig. 10 into about the position by which it is indicated by the dotted lines in said figure. Crank-arm R of a given note extends underneath the head of the push-pin F, as illustrated in Fig. 3, and the raising of such crank-arm R, as described, will raise such push-pin and actuate the valve resting thereon.
The mechanism by which'the coupler-board P is forced into a perpendicular, or nearly so, position is illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, and consists of the stop S, having thereon projection S on one side thereof, and pivoted wire T, having arm 25 at one end thereof, one adapted to come in contact with the projection S on stop S and be thereby partially turned, and crank-arm t at the other end thereof, such crank-arm t pressing against the backof the coupler-board P, as illustrated in Fig. 10. A like coupler-board (lettered P Fig. 1) is actuated by stop S through pivoted wire T having thereon crank-arms t and respectively. Stop S has projection S thereon, coming in contact with arm 75 of wire T and arm of such wire T presses against the back of coupler P In ordcrto obtain what is known as the grand organ, I provide a second knee swellthat is, a knee-swell actuated by the knee of the left leg, the movement of which swell will open all of the mutes E E E E E E and also force into perpendicular or operative position the coupler-boards P P The mechanism by which such mutes and couplerboards are operated is extremely simple, and consists of the following parts: pivoted lever U, turning on fulcrum a, secured to the frame of the organ, longitudinally-moving rod U, having at one end thereof crank-arm u, extending downward to one side of the inner end of pivoted lever U, and crank-arm a at the other end thereof, extending upward and engaging with pivoted lever U so that longitudinal movement of such rod U in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 1 will turn lever U a slight distance around its fulcrum a in the direction indicated by the arrow on such lever in said Fig. 1, and, Figs. 1, 2, and 5, lever l/V, fulcrumed on pivot \V, such pivot being secured in the frame of the organ in such manner that the described movement of the inner end of leverU will turn this lever \/V on its fulcrum. Lever WV has thereon stops 7 W and W adapted to come in contact with and actuate pivoted levers K K and K, respectively, and so actuate the mutes E, E, and E through rods J J, and J having the crank-arms thereof resting on such levers K K, and K as hereinbefore described. At the other end of the organ is pivoted the lever W having thereon stops W W W and W coming, respectively, over levers K, K, K and K respectively-that is, stop WV coming over lever K, stop W over lever K, stop W over lever K and stop W over lever K and stop W over lever K. Lever IN is connected to lever W by rod WV, so that movement of lever WV iscommunicated to lever W The movement of the lever WV will open mutes E E by movement of the levers K K K respectively, and will open swell G by movement of the lever K. The stops W may be cut away so as to open swell G very slightly, if desired, and I have, in fact, so built the organ embodying my invention, while each of the several stops W W W are by me so made as to fully open the mutesE E E To actuate the coupler-boards P P by the movement of the lever U, I place on the connect ingrod W stop W (see Fig. 1,) which is adjusted so as to come in contact with the inner end of pivoted lever W in the longitudinal movement of the rod WV. To the other end of the lever lV is secured one end of connecting-rod W extending to the inner end of the pivoted lever W. The outer end of the pivoted lever W it will be observed by inspection of Fig. 1, is adjacent to crank-arm 25 of pivoted wire T, and pivotal movement of such lever will actuate the pivoted wire T in the same manner as such wire T is actuated by stop S, as hereinbefore described, and so force the coupler-board P into operative position. In the same way bend it? of lever T Figs. 1, 2, and 5, is adjacent to the pivotal lever W and the pivotal lever V will turn lever T and force coupler-board P into operative position.
It will be observed that the several reeds are inclined at an angle of about forty-five degrees and the ends thereof are exposed to view. Such reeds can therefore readily be drawn upward and outward Whenever desired. In order to secure part a a to part a of box A, I provide fasteners Y, pivoted to part a on pivot Y and engaging at the lower end thereof with an abutment on part a such abutment being by me illustrated in Fig. 5 as consisting of screw 1 Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In an organ, a three-part box forming the wind-chest, the reed-chest, and the grand swell of the organ, the part forming the reed-chest being hinged to the part forming the windchest and the part forming the grand swell being hinged to the part forming the reedchest, with a partition dividing the reed-chest from the wind-chest, such partition having passage-ways therethrough and reeds extending diagonally thereinto across such passage- 1 ways, respectively, substantially as described. 2. In an organ, a valve adapted to be placed on the under side of the partition between the reed-chest and the wind-chest of such organ and to normally close a passage-way extending through such partition, such valve consisting of a body part and wires attached to such body part, the wires having a portion thereof forming the pivotal supports of the valve, the axial line of such pivotal portion of the wires being outside of the body of the valve, but in a plane extendinglongitudinally through such body of the valve, with an extension on one of such wires to one side of the axial line of the pivotal part thereof,whereby the valve may be actuated when the free end of such extension is raised, substantially as described.
3. In an organ, a valve adapted to be placed on the under side of the partition between the reed-chest and the wind-chest of such organ and to yieldingly close a passage-way extending through such partition, such valve consisting of a body part and wires attached to such body part, such wires having a portion thereof forming the pivotal supports of the valve, the axial line of such pivotal portion of the wires being outside of the body of the valve, but in a plane extending longitudinally through such body of the valve, with an extension on one of such wires to one side of the axial line of the pivotal part thereof, whereby the valve may be actuated, in com bination with a vertical movable push-pin, on the upper face whereof such extension of the wire normally rests and by the upward movement whereof the valve is actuated, substantially as described.
4. In an organ, a series of mutes adapted to close a given number of passage-ways extending through the partition between the reedchest and wind-chest of such organ, wires connected, respectively, to such mutes, each of such wires extending through the end wall of the reed-chest and having a crank-arm thereon outside thereof, a series of levers fulcrumed on a common pivot, and a series of wires adapted to partially rotate in the bearings thereof, respectively, each of such wires having at one end thereof a crankarm engaging with one end of one of the series of levers and at the other end a crankarm engaging with a projection extending out from a longitudinally movable stop and adapted to be partially rotated by the longitudinal movement of such stop,substantially as described.
5. In an organ, a coupling-board hinged to the frame of the organ, a series of couplingrods journaled on the front face of such board, each one thereof extending diagonally from the lower to the upper edge thereof, with a crank-arm on the lower end resting on one of the keys of the organ and a crank-arm on the upper end extending underneath the one of the push-pins of' the organ an octave higher than the first-named key, and avertically-journaled wire secured in the frame of the organ, in combination with a crank-arm at one end of such wire, adapted to come in contact with the forward face of the coupling-board, and a crank-arm at the other end adapted to come in contact with and be actuated by a projection extending outward from a longitudinallymovable stop when such stop is drawn out ward, substantially as described.
6. In an organ, a series of vertically-movable push-pins, the combination of a series of keys, the lower end of each one of the series of vertical pins resting upon the inner end of one of the series of keys, and a coupling-board hinged to the frame of the organ, such coupling-board having a series of diagonally-extending rods journaled on one side thereof, each one of such diagonally-extending rods having crank-arms at the ends thereof, the lower one of such crank-arms extending under the under edge of such board and adapted to be brought by the movement of the board on its hinge over one of the keys of the series and be actuated thereby and the upper one of such crank-arms extending over the upper edge of such board and under the head of that one of the series of push-pins which is an octave higher than the key over which the first-named crank-arm of such'rod extends, substantially as described.
7. In an organ, a grand swell consisting of a cover hinged to the reed-chest of the organ, a stop on such cover at one end thereof, and a leverfulcrumed on a horizontal pivot and movable in a vertical plane, the upper end of such lever extending under the stop and the lower end thereof having thereunder the crank-arm of a horizontally-journaled rod, in combination with such horizontallyjournaled rod having crank-arms at each end thereof, one
underneath the keyboard of the organ, and a longitudinally-movable rod one end whereof is at ached to the inner end of theknee-swell and the other end whereof is attached ,to the lower end of the crank-arm extending through the frame of the organ, whereby side movement of the knee-swell will produce longitudinal movement in the rod attached thereto and a consequent partial turning of the horizontally-journaled rod,whereof the crankarm at one end extends under and is in connection with the lever movable on its horizontal point and in contact at its upper end with the stop placed on the end of the grand swell, and such lever can be thereby moved against such stop and the grand swellopened, substantially as described.
8. In an organ, a swell adapted to normally close an opening through the cover forming the grand swell of the organ, wires by which such swell is hinged to such grand swell, a
crank-arm at one end of one of such wires, a
lever fulcrumed on a pivot in the frame of the organ,'on the inner end of which lever the crank-arm on the hinging-rod rests, a rod secured in the frame of the organ, having crank-arms at eachend thereof, one of such crank-arms extending over the outer end of the pivoted lever and the other of such crankarms extending underneath and in front of a projection on a longitudinally-movable stop, and a longitudinal stop having a projection thereon adapted to engage with the lastnamed crank-arm, substantially as described.
9. In an organ, the combination of a lever pivoted on the under side of the keyboard of the organ and adapted to be actuated by the left leg of the person operating the organ, a longitudinally-movable rod having a crank arm atone end thereof engaging with such lever, and a crank-arm at the other end thereof engaging with the outer end of a second horizontally-movable pivoted lever, in combination with a vertically-movable pivoted lever the lower end whereof is in front of the inner end of the horizontally-movable pivoted lever and adapted to be actuated thereby and the upper end whereof extends over a series of levers having a common fulcrum, each of such last-named levers actuatingone of the bass-motes of the organ, substantially as described.
- 10. In an organ, the combination of a lever pivoted on the under side of the keyboard of the organ and adapted to be actuated by the left leg of the person operating the organ, a longitudinally-movable rod having a crankarm at one end thereof engaging'with such lever, and a crank-arm at the other end thereof engaging with the outer end of a second horizontally-movable pivoted lever, in combination with a vertically-movable pivoted lever the lower end whereof is in front of the inner end of the horizontally-inovable pivoted lever and adapted to be actuated thereby and the upper end whereof extends over a series of levers having a common fulcrum, each of such last-named levers actuating one of the hass-mutes of the organ, and a wire extending from the upper end of such vertically-movable pivoted lever to the upper end of a like vertically-movable pivoted lever at the other end of the organ, such last-named lever eX- tending over a series of levers actuating the treble-mutes of the organ, substantially as described.
11. In an organ, the combination of a lever pivoted on the under side of the keyboard of the organ and adapted to be actuated by the left leg of the person operating the organ, a longitudinally-movable rod having a crankarm at one end thereof engaging with such lever, and a crank-arm at the other end thereof engaging with the outer end of a second horizontally-movable pivoted lever, in combination with a vertically-movable pivoted lever the lower end whereof is in front of the inner end of the horizontally-movable pivoted lever and adapted to be actuated thereby and the upper end whereof extends over a series of levers having a common fulcrum, each of such last-named levers actuating one of the bass-mutes of the organ, and a wire extending from the upper end of such verticallymovable pivoted lever to the upper end of a like vertically-movable pivoted lever at the other end of the organ, such last-named lever extending over a series of levers actuating the treble-mutes of the organ, and a stop on such rod adapted to come in contact with one end of a horizontally-movable arm, asecond longitudinallymovable rod attached at one end thereof to the other end of the last-named horizontally-movable arm and at the other end to one end of a second like horizontally-movable arm, a hinged treble coupling-board, and a. hinged bass coupling-board, and verticallyjournaled Wires having crank-arms at the lower end thereof in contact with such coupling-hoards, respectively, and crank-arms at the upper end thereof in contact with such horizontally-movable arms, respectively, sub stantially as described.
JOHN CHILLEEN. \Vitnesses:
CHARLES TURNER BROWN, FLORA L. BROWN.
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