US47901A - Improvement in casting pipes - Google Patents

Improvement in casting pipes Download PDF

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US47901A
US47901A US47901DA US47901A US 47901 A US47901 A US 47901A US 47901D A US47901D A US 47901DA US 47901 A US47901 A US 47901A
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mold
improvement
casting pipes
casting
pipe
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D13/00Centrifugal casting; Casting by using centrifugal force
    • B22D13/04Centrifugal casting; Casting by using centrifugal force of shallow solid or hollow bodies, e.g. wheels or rings, in moulds rotating around their axis of symmetry

Description

THos. ,I Lovneaova or PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, Assrenon To.
HIMSELF AND HENRY BALDWIN, JR., OF SAME PLACE.
lIMPROVEMENT IN CASTING PIPES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 47,905, dated May 23, 1865.
To a/ZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, THOMAS J; Lovncnovn, of the city and county of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented `a new and useful Method of Employing Centrifugal Force in Making Hollow'Castings, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which makepart of this specification, and in which- Figure 1 represents a View, in perspective. of an apparatus for carrying out the objects of my invention. Fig. 2 represents a vertical longitudinal central section through the same, and Fig. 3 represents a longitudinal central section through the mold.`
My invention relates to casting Vpipes and other hollow articles in a revolving mold; and my improvement consists in causing the mold when the molten metal has been poured linto it to roll down an inclined plane of a length sufficient to'allow the metal to set before reaching the bottom of the plane, and of such inclination as to generatel a velocity of rotation sufficient to develop th'e centrifugal force required to form a perfect casting.
My invention further consists in forming the inclined plane like a railway and encircling the mold with flanges, rims, or wheels having a conical tread, in order that the mold may run -properly on the ways and not roll off at one side.
`In the accompanying drawings, which exemplify one mode of carrying out my invention, a mold, A, is shown as resting on an inclined plane or railway, B,which may be made of any desired length andinclination. An angle of even live degrees, however, will generally be found to give a velocity of rotation sufiici ent to generate the centrifugal force required to distribute the molten metal evenly against the inner surface of the mold. ing bank of earth with proper guides would of course answer for an inclined plane where economy is an object.
The mold A is composed of two semi-cylindrical pieces held together by caps C at each A sloplend. Flanges or rims D may likewise be railway, so as to keep the mold from running off of the side of the track.
In the operation of casting the mold is placed upon the upper end of the inclined plane and a quant-ity of metal sufficient to form the pipe run into it. The mold is then rolled down the plane, its velocity of course increasing as it descends. The centrifugal force thus created retains the molten met-al in contact with the inner surface of the mold, while its rotation causes the metal to be distributed with uniform thickness over its surface. By the time the mold reaches the bottom of the incline the metal has become suiiiciently set to retainthe form imposed upon it. Y /Vhen sufficiently cooled, the caps C are removed, the seniieylinder of the mold separated, and the pipe taken out.`
The superiority of the pipe cast in rotary molds is well known to founders. As I use metallic molds, (where it is not desired to have soft pipe,) my pipe is chilled and casehardened, and thus resists corrosion much better than pipe castin the ordinary way.
In all devices previous to my invention of which I have any knowledge the rotation of the mold has been effected by mounting the mold on a fixed rotating axis, which plan involves the use of expensive and cumbersome machinery, while by my improved planl the mold itself is the only machine employed.
i WhatI claim as myinvention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, :is-
1. Making hollow castings by rolling the mold containing the molten metal down an ineline, planed substantially in the manner described.
2. The combination of anges on a rotating mold with a railway for t ie purpose of giving the mold a parallel movement, as set forth.
' In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name.
' Y T. J. LOVEGROVE.
Witnesses:
WM. D. BALDWIN, HENRY BALDWIN.
formed upon themold to correspond with the
US47901D Improvement in casting pipes Expired - Lifetime US47901A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090119738A1 (en) * 2002-12-10 2009-05-07 Onlive, Inc. System for recursive recombination of streaming interactive video

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090119738A1 (en) * 2002-12-10 2009-05-07 Onlive, Inc. System for recursive recombination of streaming interactive video

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