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Method for increasing radiation hardness of MOS gate oxides

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US4748131A
US4748131A US07011563 US1156387A US4748131A US 4748131 A US4748131 A US 4748131A US 07011563 US07011563 US 07011563 US 1156387 A US1156387 A US 1156387A US 4748131 A US4748131 A US 4748131A
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oxide
radiation
fluorine
interface
invention
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Thomas C. Zietlow
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AEROSPACE Corp PO BOX 92957 LOS ANGELES CA 90009
Aerospace Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/04Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
    • H01L21/18Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of Group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
    • H01L21/28Manufacture of electrodes on semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in H01L21/20 - H01L21/268
    • H01L21/28008Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes
    • H01L21/28017Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon
    • H01L21/28158Making the insulator
    • H01L21/28167Making the insulator on single crystalline silicon, e.g. using a liquid, i.e. chemical oxidation
    • H01L21/28176Making the insulator on single crystalline silicon, e.g. using a liquid, i.e. chemical oxidation with a treatment, e.g. annealing, after the formation of the definitive gate conductor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/04Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
    • H01L21/18Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of Group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
    • H01L21/28Manufacture of electrodes on semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in H01L21/20 - H01L21/268
    • H01L21/28008Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes
    • H01L21/28017Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon
    • H01L21/28026Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon characterised by the conductor
    • H01L21/28035Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon characterised by the conductor the final conductor layer next to the insulator being silicon, e.g. polysilicon, with or without impurities
    • H01L21/28044Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon characterised by the conductor the final conductor layer next to the insulator being silicon, e.g. polysilicon, with or without impurities the conductor comprising at least another non-silicon conductive layer
    • H01L21/28061Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon characterised by the conductor the final conductor layer next to the insulator being silicon, e.g. polysilicon, with or without impurities the conductor comprising at least another non-silicon conductive layer the conductor comprising a metal or metallic silicode formed by deposition, e.g. sputter deposition, i.e. without a silicidation reaction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/04Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
    • H01L21/18Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of Group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
    • H01L21/28Manufacture of electrodes on semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in H01L21/20 - H01L21/268
    • H01L21/28008Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes
    • H01L21/28017Making conductor-insulator-semiconductor electrodes the insulator being formed after the semiconductor body, the semiconductor being silicon
    • H01L21/28158Making the insulator
    • H01L21/28167Making the insulator on single crystalline silicon, e.g. using a liquid, i.e. chemical oxidation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/04Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
    • H01L21/18Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of Group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
    • H01L21/30Treatment of semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in groups H01L21/20 - H01L21/26
    • H01L21/31Treatment of semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in groups H01L21/20 - H01L21/26 to form insulating layers thereon, e.g. for masking or by using photolithographic techniques; After treatment of these layers
    • H01L21/3205Deposition of non-insulating-, e.g. conductive- or resistive-, layers on insulating layers; After-treatment of these layers
    • H01L21/321After treatment
    • H01L21/32105Oxidation of silicon-containing layers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L21/00Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
    • H01L21/04Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
    • H01L21/18Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of Group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
    • H01L21/30Treatment of semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in groups H01L21/20 - H01L21/26
    • H01L21/31Treatment of semiconductor bodies using processes or apparatus not provided for in groups H01L21/20 - H01L21/26 to form insulating layers thereon, e.g. for masking or by using photolithographic techniques; After treatment of these layers
    • H01L21/3205Deposition of non-insulating-, e.g. conductive- or resistive-, layers on insulating layers; After-treatment of these layers
    • H01L21/321After treatment
    • H01L21/3215Doping the layers
    • H01L21/32155Doping polycristalline - or amorphous silicon layers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L29/00Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/40Electrodes ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/43Electrodes ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by the materials of which they are formed
    • H01L29/49Metal-insulator-semiconductor electrodes, e.g. gates of MOSFET
    • H01L29/51Insulating materials associated therewith
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S438/00Semiconductor device manufacturing: process
    • Y10S438/91Controlling charging state at semiconductor-insulator interface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S438/00Semiconductor device manufacturing: process
    • Y10S438/953Making radiation resistant device

Abstract

The resistance to radiation damage of metal-oxide-semiconductor devices is improved by the incorporation of fluorine into the gate oxide of the device by robust procedures. The introduction of fluorine into the oxide results in a significant reduction of radiation-induced interface state density. Three methods by which the fluorine is introduced into the gate oxide are: (1) silicidation of the polysilicon gate by chemical vapor deposition using tungsten hexafluoride as a source gas; (2) ion implantation of fluorine into the polysilicon layer on top of the gate oxide, followed by a high temperature anneal to allow the fluorine to migrate into the oxide; and (3) growth of the oxide in a dilute NF3 ambient.

Description

STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States for governmental purposes without the payment of royalty therefor.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a method for hardening integrated circuits in general and MOS circuits in particular.

2. Prior Art

Elimination of failures or performance degradation of integrated circuits due to exposure to high energy radiation is an important goal for all space and military electronic systems.

One very important failure and degradation mechanism which is operative in VLSI MOSFET circuits is the development of radiation-induced interface states in the thin gate oxides which control MOSFET operation. The current state-of-the-art processing of VLSI MOS devices is based on fine control of the various wafer processing steps. This control consists of minimizing the water content in the oxide and not allowing temperatures to exceed 900° C. at any time following the gate oxidation step. An example of this approach is the Sandia National Laboratory's 4/3 micron process. The process is described in more detail in Winokur, P. S.; Errett, E. B.; Fleetwood, D. M.; Dressendorfer, P. V.; and Turpin, D. C., in the 1985 IEEE Transactions of Nuclear Science, (NS-32), page 3954. Some of the key features of this process are a 1000° C. dry oxidation, a 900° C. post-gate anneal in forming gas, and a TEOS densification step. These parameters were determined from a long series of optimization studies of the Sandia device fabrication process and are relevant to the particular Sandia production facility. The optimal process sequence results in best case voltage shifts due to interface state generation of about 1.5 V at 1 Mrad(Si) total dose.

There are several shortcomings in the current state-of-the-art radiation hardening techniques. First of all, there is still significant interface state growth upon exposure to ionizing radiation in devices produced by these techniques. Second, the process restricts the use of common commercial IC processing steps, such as high temperature reflow anneals, which are used to increase device yield and performance. Third, these processes must be strictly controlled; a very small variation can result in a dramatic reduction in device radiation hardness. Thus, current radiation-hardened technology results in low yield and parts which suffer performance degradation due to interface state growth in an ionizing radiation environment.

Another method for improving the radiation hardness of silicon solar cells by implantation of lithium ions into the wafer is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,608,452. The lithium ions are used to create electrically active defects. Those defects can then be annealed out at a lower temperature than radiation-induced defects. One shortcoming of this method is that the lithium ions create different defects and do not directly reduce the existing defects in the silicon.

It is therefore an object of this invention to improve radiation-hardening of MOS circuits by reducing the growth of interface states caused by ionizing radiation.

Another object of this invention is to permit the use of common commercial IC processing steps in the production of rad-hard MOS circuits.

Yet another object of this invention is to loosen the process restrictions for a rad-hard technology and to improve yield.

Another object of this invention is to provide a simple method of reducing the number of electrically active defects in the silicon dioxide.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides a method by which the radiation hardness of MOS devices is increased by the incorporation of fluorine into the gate oxide of MOS devices by robust procedures, resulting in a significant reduction of radiation-induced interface state density and thereby produces enhanced radiation hardened MOS circuits.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The features and advantages of the invention summarized above will be more fully understood by the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1a and FIG. 1b are the capacitance-voltage data taken before and after ionizing radiation of a sample with fluorine incorporated into the oxide by the silicidation processing and a sample with no fluorine in the oxide, respectively.

FIG. 2 is a graph of the calculated voltage shifts due to interface state growth and oxide hole trapping during irradiation of the samples described above.

FIG. 3a and FIG. 3b show the high and low frequency capacitance voltage measurements for a sample which has undergone a fluorine implant procedure as described below and for a control sample.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The concept of using fluorine to inhibit the growth of radiation-induced interface states approaches the radiation-hardening of MOS devices in a fundamentally different manner than current processes. Instead of attempting to maintain the integrity of the initial thermal oxide/silicon interface by very tight process control as is now done, the fluorine-incorporation hardening procedure permits significant process variability while ensuring radiation hardness. This will improve circuit yield and cost of radiation hardened circuits.

Fluorine incorporation into the gate oxide can be accomplished as part of several processes. Three of those processes are disclosed below. They are: (1) silicidation of the polysilicon gate by chemical vapor deposition using tungsten hexafluoride as a source gas; (2) ion implantation of fluorine into the polysilicon gate layer of the device followed by an anneal allowing the fluorine to migrate into the oxide; and (3) growth of the oxide in a dilute NF3 ambient.

In one embodiment of the invention, fluorine is incorporated into the gate oxide by silicidation of the polysilicon gate by chemical vapor deposition using tungsten hexafluoride as a source gas. The procedure is described generally in Deal, M. D.; Pramanik, D; and Saxena, A. N.; Saraswat, K. C., in the 1985 Proceedings of the IEEE VLSI Multilevel Interconnection Conference, p. 324. The important steps in the silicidation process are the formation of standard n+ -doped polysilicon gates, followed by a chemical vapor deposition of tungsten using tungsten hexafluoride as the source gas and silane as the reductant. The tungsten hexafluoride is reduced by the silicon in the gate, forming tungsten silicide. The silicidation reaction is followed by a 1000° C., 15-minute anneal in nitrogen. The fluorine trapped during the CVD reaction migrates into the oxide during the high temperature anneal. The fluorine in the oxide does not cause any deleterious effects on device characteristics before radiation as described in the above reference.

Devices produced by these methods exhibit enhanced radiation hardness. For example, the radiation response of a thin (30 nm) oxide, n-Si substrate MOS capacitor irradiated under 0 V gate bias, at a dose rate of 156 krad(Si)/hour, is shown in FIG. 1a. The key feature to notice is that the C-V curves are parallel, not exhibiting a change in slope which is indicative of the presence of interface states. At a dose of 1 Mrad(Si), the radiation-induced interface state density is <3×1010 states/cm2 -eV, the limit of the sensitivity of the high frequency analysis. This figure is calculated from a modified Terman analysis, which compares the slope of the C-V curve prior to radiation to the slope of the post-radiation C-V curve. For comparison, an MOS capacitor which went through the same oxide growth procedure, but not the silicidation processing and therefore no fluorine is present in the oxide, was irradiated under the same conditions and the relevant high frequency C-V plots are displayed in FIG. 1b. In addition to the shift of the curve to the left caused by hole trapping, there is a noticeable change in the slope of the control (no fluorine) curves resulting from formation of radiation-induced interface states. By assuming that the interface states are neutral at midgap and that the interface states in the upper half of the Si bandgap are predominately acceptors, while those in the lower half of the bandgap are predominately donors, the charge due to the interface states and trapped holes may be separated.

The two components of the threshold voltage shift of the capacitors are shown in FIG. 2. The test samples trapped slightly more hole charge at low doses (<200 krad(Si)) than the control capacitors, but at higher total doses (greater than 200 krad(Si)) the trapped charge density in the fluoridated oxides was lower than in the control sample. For example, the voltage shift due to trapped hole density in the fluorinated oxides was about -0.75 V at 1 Mrad(Si), about 40% less that the -1.3 V of the control sample at the same dose. The interface state density of the control sample shows the usual delayed formation, but steadily grows to 6×1011 states/cm2 -eV at 1 Mrad(Si).

While quantitative comparison of these results with published results is complicated by the differences in oxide thickness, the fluoridated MOS capacitors form at least an order of magnitude less radiation-induced interface state density than Sandia structures.

Another method for incorporating fluorine into the gate oxide is by ion implantation of fluorine ions into a polysilicon layer on top of the thermal oxide, followed by a high temperature anneal to allow the fluorine to migrate into the oxide. For example, a thermal pyrogenic oxide (46 nm) grown on silicon (100), followed by polysilicon deposition and doping (500 nm) has been implanted with 19 F (1E14 ions/cm2), followed by a 1000° C., 30 minute anneal. The fluorine migrates into the oxide during the anneal (as monitored by Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry). The radiation results of such an implantation process are displayed in FIG. 3. The high and low frequency characteristics of a test sample and a control sample are compared. The control sample underwent the same growth conditions and anneal but not the implant. A comparison of those characteristics reveals that the implantation has resulted in a factor of five (5) improvement in both the radiation-induced oxide trapped charge and the interface state density over the control sample.

The third method outlined in this invention is the use of a fluorine source, such as nitrogen trifluoride, to be introduced during the thermal oxidation of the single crystal silicon. The NF3 decomposes on the hot silicon surface, forming fluorine atoms which attack the silicon, forming a passivating layer of fluorinated silicon atoms, which inhibits the formation of interface state precursors.

It is believed that fluorine incorporation produces the results discussed in the above examples because the fluorine strongly bonds to the interface state precursor species at the silicon/silicon dioxide interface, inhibiting the formation reaction. Results of radiation testing indicate an order of magnitude reduction in radiation-induced interface state density over current state-of-the-art rad-hard MOS device structures.

Although the invention has been described in terms of a preferred embodiment, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that many alterations and modifications may be made without departing from the invention. Accordingly, it is intended that all such alterations and modifications be included within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (5)

I claim:
1. A method for improving the radiation damage resistance of silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) devices by implanting fluorine atoms into a polysilicon layer above the oxide followed by a high temperature anneal thereby allowing the fluorine to migrate into the oxide.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1 further comprising the step of implanting fluorine-containing ions into the polysilicon layer above the oxide followed by a high temperature anneal thereby allowing the fluorine to migrate into the oxide.
3. The method as claimed in claim 2 wherein the fluorine-containing ions are silicon difluoride ions or silicon trifluoride ions.
4. The method as claimed in claim 1 further comprising the step of growing the oxide in an oxidation furnace with an oxygen/nitrogen trifluoride ambient thereby incorporating fluorine directly into the oxide.
5. The method as claimed in claim 1 further comprising the step of growing the polysilicon layer by chemical vapor deposition using tungsten hexafluoride as the source gas and silane as the reductant, followed by a high temperature anneal thereby allowing the fluorine to migrate into the oxide.
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Cited By (27)

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US4894352A (en) * 1988-10-26 1990-01-16 Texas Instruments Inc. Deposition of silicon-containing films using organosilicon compounds and nitrogen trifluoride
US5030580A (en) * 1989-08-28 1991-07-09 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Method for producing a silicon carbide semiconductor device
US5098866A (en) * 1988-12-27 1992-03-24 Texas Instruments Incorporated Method for reducing hot-electron-induced degradation of device characteristics
US5212108A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-05-18 Honeywell Inc. Fabrication of stabilized polysilicon resistors for SEU control
US5284793A (en) * 1989-11-10 1994-02-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Method of manufacturing radiation resistant semiconductor device
JPH06314777A (en) * 1993-04-27 1994-11-08 Internatl Business Mach Corp <Ibm> Manufacture of semiconductor device
EP0706204A2 (en) * 1994-10-03 1996-04-10 Motorola, Inc. Method for forming a dielectric having improved performance
US5523240A (en) * 1990-05-29 1996-06-04 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing a thin film transistor with a halogen doped blocking layer
US5576226A (en) * 1994-04-21 1996-11-19 Lg Semicon Co., Ltd. Method of fabricating memory device using a halogen implant
US5672525A (en) * 1996-05-23 1997-09-30 Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Pte Ltd. Polysilicon gate reoxidation in a gas mixture of oxygen and nitrogen trifluoride gas by rapid thermal processing to improve hot carrier immunity
US5712208A (en) * 1994-06-09 1998-01-27 Motorola, Inc. Methods of formation of semiconductor composite gate dielectric having multiple incorporated atomic dopants
US5885861A (en) * 1997-05-30 1999-03-23 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Reduction of dopant diffusion by the co-implantation of impurities into the transistor gate conductor
EP0908947A2 (en) * 1997-09-29 1999-04-14 Matsushita Electronics Corporation Method for fabricating semiconductor device with pMIS transistor
US5952771A (en) * 1997-01-07 1999-09-14 Micron Technology, Inc. Micropoint switch for use with field emission display and method for making same
US6093659A (en) * 1998-03-25 2000-07-25 Texas Instruments Incorporated Selective area halogen doping to achieve dual gate oxide thickness on a wafer
US6100171A (en) * 1998-03-03 2000-08-08 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Reduction of boron penetration by laser anneal removal of fluorine
US6432786B2 (en) * 2000-08-10 2002-08-13 National Science Council Method of forming a gate oxide layer with an improved ability to resist the process damage
US6482752B1 (en) * 1993-10-26 2002-11-19 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Substrate processing apparatus and method and a manufacturing method of a thin film semiconductor device
US6511893B1 (en) 1998-05-05 2003-01-28 Aeroflex Utmc Microelectronics, Inc. Radiation hardened semiconductor device
US20030071316A1 (en) * 2001-08-30 2003-04-17 Fernando Gonzalez Method to chemically remove metal impurities from polycide gate sidewalls
US6639264B1 (en) 1998-12-11 2003-10-28 International Business Machines Corporation Method and structure for surface state passivation to improve yield and reliability of integrated circuit structures
US6784115B1 (en) 1998-12-18 2004-08-31 Mosel Vitelic, Inc. Method of simultaneously implementing differential gate oxide thickness using fluorine bearing impurities
US20060011995A1 (en) * 1990-02-06 2006-01-19 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method of forming an oxide film
US20060157736A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-07-20 Vonno Nicolaas W V Radiation hardened bipolar junction transistor
US20080179695A1 (en) * 2007-01-29 2008-07-31 Adrian Berthold Low noise transistor and method of making same
US8828834B2 (en) 2012-06-12 2014-09-09 Globalfoundries Inc. Methods of tailoring work function of semiconductor devices with high-k/metal layer gate structures by performing a fluorine implant process
US9263270B2 (en) 2013-06-06 2016-02-16 Globalfoundries Inc. Method of forming a semiconductor device structure employing fluorine doping and according semiconductor device structure

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Cited By (57)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4894352A (en) * 1988-10-26 1990-01-16 Texas Instruments Inc. Deposition of silicon-containing films using organosilicon compounds and nitrogen trifluoride
US5098866A (en) * 1988-12-27 1992-03-24 Texas Instruments Incorporated Method for reducing hot-electron-induced degradation of device characteristics
US5030580A (en) * 1989-08-28 1991-07-09 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Method for producing a silicon carbide semiconductor device
US5284793A (en) * 1989-11-10 1994-02-08 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Method of manufacturing radiation resistant semiconductor device
US20060011995A1 (en) * 1990-02-06 2006-01-19 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method of forming an oxide film
US7301211B2 (en) 1990-02-06 2007-11-27 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co. Ltd. Method of forming an oxide film
US5523240A (en) * 1990-05-29 1996-06-04 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing a thin film transistor with a halogen doped blocking layer
US20090101910A1 (en) * 1990-05-29 2009-04-23 Hongyong Zhang Thin-film transistor
US20040031961A1 (en) * 1990-05-29 2004-02-19 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Thin-film transistor
US6607947B1 (en) 1990-05-29 2003-08-19 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method of manufacturing a semiconductor device with fluorinated layer for blocking alkali ions
US7355202B2 (en) 1990-05-29 2008-04-08 Semiconductor Energy Co., Ltd. Thin-film transistor
US5212108A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-05-18 Honeywell Inc. Fabrication of stabilized polysilicon resistors for SEU control
US5434109A (en) * 1993-04-27 1995-07-18 International Business Machines Corporation Oxidation of silicon nitride in semiconductor devices
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