US474711A - Relief-valve - Google Patents

Relief-valve Download PDF

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Publication number
US474711A
US474711A US474711DA US474711A US 474711 A US474711 A US 474711A US 474711D A US474711D A US 474711DA US 474711 A US474711 A US 474711A
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valve
piston
cylinder
steam
pressure
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K17/00Safety valves; Equalising valves, e.g. pressure relief valves
    • F16K17/02Safety valves; Equalising valves, e.g. pressure relief valves opening on surplus pressure on one side; closing on insufficient pressure on one side
    • F16K17/04Safety valves; Equalising valves, e.g. pressure relief valves opening on surplus pressure on one side; closing on insufficient pressure on one side spring-loaded
    • F16K17/10Safety valves; Equalising valves, e.g. pressure relief valves opening on surplus pressure on one side; closing on insufficient pressure on one side spring-loaded with auxiliary valve for fluid operation of the main valve
    • F16K17/105Safety valves; Equalising valves, e.g. pressure relief valves opening on surplus pressure on one side; closing on insufficient pressure on one side spring-loaded with auxiliary valve for fluid operation of the main valve using choking or throttling means to control the fluid operation of the main valve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7758Pilot or servo controlled
    • Y10T137/7762Fluid pressure type
    • Y10T137/7764Choked or throttled pressure type
    • Y10T137/7768Pilot controls supply to pressure chamber
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7758Pilot or servo controlled
    • Y10T137/7762Fluid pressure type
    • Y10T137/7769Single acting fluid servo
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7758Pilot or servo controlled
    • Y10T137/7762Fluid pressure type
    • Y10T137/7769Single acting fluid servo
    • Y10T137/777Spring biased

Definitions

  • the ligure of the drawing is a representation of the invention in vertical section.
  • This invention has relation to certain new and useful improvements in relief-valves; and it consists in the novel construction and co1n bination of parts, as hereinafter specified.
  • the invention relates more especially to valves of the above-named character, wherein steam and water pressure are alternately ern-- ployed in opening and closing the valve for controlling the pressure in fire-engine pumps when the shut-offs or controlling-nozzlesa@ open or closed, or in any other class of pu inps" wherein relief "or controlling valves are employed. fr"
  • valve B designates a valve which when closed shuts off the passage through the coupling b and stops the flow of water from the discharge to the suction side of the pump through the valve, said valve being held closed by waterpressure from the discharge side.
  • Said valve has a stem O, which passes through a stuffingboX O into a steam-cylinder D and is connected to a piston-head E thereon.
  • F is a steam-supply pipe communicating with the lower portion of saidcylinder and provided with a valveF'.
  • Vhen steam is admitted to the cylinder, the piston is forced upwardly, thereby unseating the valve B and allowing a free flow or circulation of water from the discharge to the suction side of themV pump.
  • the upward throw of the piston and the corresponding lift of the valve may be governed by an adjustable plug or screw f, which projects into the upper portion of the cylinder.
  • G designates a second cylinder, communicating at its lower end with the chamber of the shell or casing on the discharge side.
  • Reciprocating in this cylinder is a piston I-I,oarried by a rod or stein II', which projects outwardly through a stnfiing-box I and is connected at its upper portion to an arm or lever J, the opposite end portion of said lever being connected to and designed to operate the' valve I1" in the steam-pipe F to admit or cut off the supply of steam from the cylinder D.
  • the piston I-I is held against the dischargepressure by'a spring K in the cylinder G.
  • the stufng-box I has a threaded adjustable engagement with the cylinder G, and as The spring is seated between the piston and the stuffing box or plug by the adjustment of the latter said spring may be regulated to balance any desired pressure.
  • the spring is screwed down on the piston H Vuntil it balances the desired water-pressure on the discharge side of the pump. ⁇ IVhen the Iiow of water is stopped or arrested by closing the shut-off or controlling nozzlethe pressure will increase on the discharge side, ⁇ of the pump, overbalancing the spring-pressure on the piston ll, forcing the latter upwardly, its rod or stem operating the arm or lever J to open the valve F', and thereby admitting steam to the cylinder D. This will instantly force the piston E upwardly in said cylinder, lifting the valve B from its seat and allowing a free iiow of water from the discharge to the suction side, and thereby taking all overpressure from the hose.
  • L is a drip-cock, by means of which the wa- IOO ned.
  • valve may be Iconnected to the pump.
  • the manner in which the valve is Iconnected to the pump will vary somewhat, according to the character of the pump, but is usually effected by drilling a small hole in the suction side of the pump at any convenient point (if there are already no connections which. can be utilized) and making a pipe connection therewith and the coupling b. Similar connection is made between the discharge side of the pump and the coupling ct.
  • valve mechanism comprising the relief-Valve, the steam -operated piston connected thereto, and means whereby an excess of pressure on the discharge side of the pump admits steam to said piston to open the valve and a reduction of pressure will cut oit steam and close the valve, substantially as specified.
  • valve mechanism for pumps comprising the valve closing the connection with the suction side of the pump, the stem connected thereto, and a steam-actuated piston, the piston -cylinder, and the valved steam -supply therefor, in combination with the piston actuated by the pressure on the discharge side of the pump and a connection between said piston and the Valve of the steam-supply pipe, substantially as speci- 3.
  • the relief-valve mechanism herein described comprising a casing having a chamber therein and provided with couplings for connection with the suction and with the discharge side of a pump, a valve in one of said couplings closing the connection with the suction side and normally heldclosed by the pressure

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Safety Valves (AREA)

Description

(No Model.)
J. W. ALLAN. RELIEF VALVE.
\ num Patented May 10, 1,892.
@uvam-16oz. W //n n @13 %l'f SH01/Met 4%./ pawn( $5V NTE JOHN IV. ALLAN, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA.
Reuse-VALVE.
SPECIFICATION forming' part of Letters Patent NO. 474,711, dated May lO, 1892. Application filed November 30, 1891. Serial No. 413,584.. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern.-
Beit known that I, JOHN WV. ALLAN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Minneapolis, in the county of Hennepin and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Relief- Valves; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as willenable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, and t0 letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
The ligure of the drawing is a representation of the invention in vertical section.
This invention has relation to certain new and useful improvements in relief-valves; and it consists in the novel construction and co1n bination of parts, as hereinafter specified.
The invention relates more especially to valves of the above-named character, wherein steam and water pressure are alternately ern-- ployed in opening and closing the valve for controlling the pressure in fire-engine pumps when the shut-offs or controlling-nozzlesa@ open or closed, or in any other class of pu inps" wherein relief "or controlling valves are employed. fr"
In the accompanying drawing, the letter A designates the casing or shell, having at one end the coupling apdesigned to be connected withthe discharge side of a pump, and at the opposite portion a coupling b, designed to be connected to the suction side ofthe pump.
B designates a valve which when closed shuts off the passage through the coupling b and stops the flow of water from the discharge to the suction side of the pump through the valve, said valve being held closed by waterpressure from the discharge side. Said valve has a stem O, which passes through a stuffingboX O into a steam-cylinder D and is connected to a piston-head E thereon.
F is a steam-supply pipe communicating with the lower portion of saidcylinder and provided with a valveF'. Vhen steam is admitted to the cylinder, the piston is forced upwardly, thereby unseating the valve B and allowing a free flow or circulation of water from the discharge to the suction side of themV pump. The upward throw of the piston and the corresponding lift of the valve may be governed by an adjustable plug or screw f, which projects into the upper portion of the cylinder.
G designates a second cylinder, communicating at its lower end with the chamber of the shell or casing on the discharge side. Reciprocating in this cylinder is a piston I-I,oarried by a rod or stein II', which projects outwardly through a stnfiing-box I and is connected at its upper portion to an arm or lever J, the opposite end portion of said lever being connected to and designed to operate the' valve I1" in the steam-pipe F to admit or cut off the supply of steam from the cylinder D., The piston I-I is held against the dischargepressure by'a spring K in the cylinder G. The stufng-box I has a threaded adjustable engagement with the cylinder G, and as The spring is seated between the piston and the stuffing box or plug by the adjustment of the latter said spring may be regulated to balance any desired pressure.
The operation of the valve is as follows:
The spring is screwed down on the piston H Vuntil it balances the desired water-pressure on the discharge side of the pump. `IVhen the Iiow of water is stopped or arrested by closing the shut-off or controlling nozzlethe pressure will increase on the discharge side,` of the pump, overbalancing the spring-pressure on the piston ll, forcing the latter upwardly, its rod or stem operating the arm or lever J to open the valve F', and thereby admitting steam to the cylinder D. This will instantly force the piston E upwardly in said cylinder, lifting the valve B from its seat and allowing a free iiow of water from the discharge to the suction side, and thereby taking all overpressure from the hose. When the shut-off or controlling nozzle of the hose is again opened, the pressure is relieved on the discharge side until overcome bythe spring K forcing the piston I-I downwardly, and thereby cutting oif steam from the cylin- -der D. The steam remaining in said cylinder will condense and allow the piston E to fall, the valveB being closed thereby and by the pressure of the water.
L is a drip-cock, by means of which the wa- IOO ned.
ter of condensation may be drawn from the cylinder D. The manner in which the valve is Iconnected to the pump will vary somewhat, according to the character of the pump, but is usually effected by drilling a small hole in the suction side of the pump at any convenient point (if there are already no connections which. can be utilized) and making a pipe connection therewith and the coupling b. Similar connection is made between the discharge side of the pump and the coupling ct.
Having described this invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The herein-described valve mechanism, comprising the relief-Valve, the steam -operated piston connected thereto, and means whereby an excess of pressure on the discharge side of the pump admits steam to said piston to open the valve and a reduction of pressure will cut oit steam and close the valve, substantially as specified.
2. The herein-described valve mechanism for pumps, comprising the valve closing the connection with the suction side of the pump, the stem connected thereto, and a steam-actuated piston, the piston -cylinder, and the valved steam -supply therefor, in combination with the piston actuated by the pressure on the discharge side of the pump and a connection between said piston and the Valve of the steam-supply pipe, substantially as speci- 3. The combination, with the chamber or casing having a connection with the discharge and with the suction side of a pump, the valve normally held closed by the pressure of water from the discharge side and shutting off the connection with the suction side, and the steam-actuated piston connected to said Valve,
. thepiston actuated by the pressure from the discharge side and normally balanced thereagainst by a spring, of a connection between said piston and the valve of the steam-supply for actuating the first-named piston, substantially as specified. j
4. rlhe combination, with the chamber or casing havingaconnection with the discharge Vside of a pump, a valve closing the connection with the suction side and normally held closedby the pressure of the water from the discharge side, the stem of said valve, the piston-head connected thereto and designed to lift said valve, the piston-cylinder, and means for reguilating` the throw of said piston therein, of the piston actuated by an excess of pressure 011 the discharge side and normally balanced thereagainst by a spring, the cylinder ["or said piston and means for controlling the action ot' said spring to the desired pressure, the piston rod or stem, and the connection between said stem and the valve of the steam-supply for the first-named cylinder, substantially as specified.
5. The relief-valve mechanism herein described, comprising a casing having a chamber therein and provided with couplings for connection with the suction and with the discharge side of a pump, a valve in one of said couplings closing the connection with the suction side and normally heldclosed by the pressure| ofthe water in said chamber from the discharge side, the stem of said valve, the cylinder, and the piston-head on said stem working in said cylinder, a second cylinder having a piston therein actuated by an-eXcess of pressure from the discharge side and balanced against a normal pressure therein, the rod or stem of said piston, a lever connected thereto, and a steam-inlet leading into the first cylinder and having avalve operated by said lever, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereofl affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOHN WV. ALLAN;
Witnesses:
ADoLPH G. SCHLINER, EDWARD I. KINGsLEY.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5323799A (en) * 1993-03-05 1994-06-28 Rudolf Pengler Fully mechanical pressure relief system
US5842501A (en) * 1996-08-23 1998-12-01 Flow Safe, Inc. Pilot operated safety relief valve

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5323799A (en) * 1993-03-05 1994-06-28 Rudolf Pengler Fully mechanical pressure relief system
US5842501A (en) * 1996-08-23 1998-12-01 Flow Safe, Inc. Pilot operated safety relief valve

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