US468838A - Building-brick - Google Patents

Building-brick Download PDF

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US468838A
US468838A US468838DA US468838A US 468838 A US468838 A US 468838A US 468838D A US468838D A US 468838DA US 468838 A US468838 A US 468838A
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Prior art keywords
brick
building
bricks
ridges
shown
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/04Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements

Description

(No Model.)

L.A.STEIGER, BUILDING BRIGK.

Patented Feb. 16, 1892.

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

ATTORNEYS.

2 Sheets-Sheet 2. L. A. STEIGER.

BUILDING BRICK. Patqn (No Model.)

ted Feb. 16, 1892.

W L N on 0 T T A UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

LOUIS A. STEIGER, OF SAN J OSE, CALIFORNIA.

BUILDING-BRICK.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 468,838, dated February 16, 1892. Application filed November 13, 1890. Serial No. 371,315. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, LOUIS A. Srnre-ne, a citizen of the United States, residing at San Jose, in the county of Santa Clara and State of California, have invented a certain new, useful, and valuable Improvement in Building-Bricks, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

My present invention relates to buildingbricks; and the object of my invention is to provide an improved building brick or bricks which when placed one upon another are adapted to lock themselves together and the use of which obviates the need of mortar or other like materials which are generally used to hold ordinary brick rigidly together.

I attain the object of my invention by the improved construction shown in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 represents a number of my improved building-bricks laid one upon another. Fig. 2 represents a different way of laying the brick. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one form of my brick in which the grooves and ridges are transversely arranged. Fig.4 is a perspective view of another form of mybrick in which the grooves and ridges are longitudinally arranged. Figs. 5, (i, 7, and 8 show modified forms of my improved buildingbricks. Fig. 9 is a perspective view showing how my improved bricks may be arranged in turning corners. Figs. 10 and 11 are perspective views of a corner-brick. Fig. 12 is a perspective view of a corner built up with the longitudinally-ridged brick and the cornor-brick shown at Figs. 10 and 11. Fig. 13 is a perspective view of a corner built up with the transversely-ridged brick and the form of corner-brick shown. Fig. 14 is a perspective view of the corner-brick employed as shown in Fig. 13 as it appears when inverted.

In the accompanying drawings similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

I prefer to construct one form of mybuildin g-brick with one or more transversal ridges r on one side thereof, and having corresponding grooves g diametrically opposite said ridges, as shown clearly at Fig. 3. In another form of brick I have longitudinal ridges r and grooves g, as shown clearly at Fig. 4.

The bricks can be made of clay, stone, or other suitable material. By making my brick in the same manner as pressed brick or by making them of composition or natural stone a very pleasing effect may be produced.

In building a double or nine-inch wall with my improved bricks I prefer to arrange them as shown in Fig. 1, from which illustration it will be seen that I employ both fo ms of my brick-that is, the form having the transverse grooves g and ridges '2' and the form having the longitudinal ridges rand grooves g, as shown more clearly at Figs. 3 and 4, respectively, and that one form of the brick is laid with the ridges upward and the other form with the ridges downward, and that they cross each other, as shown, thus making it impossible for any of the bricks to move when so placed. From an inspection of aforesaid illustration, Fig. 1, it will also be seen that the bricks break joints,-that is, no two joints connect or are directly over or under another, thus improving the appearance of the structure and adding strength thereto.

In building a single wall I may combine the transversely and longitudinally ridged bricks, as shown at Fig. 9, or by the use of corner-bricks. such as I have shown at Figs. 10, 11, and 12. I may employ either the 1ongitudinal or transversely ridged bricks.

From the foregoing description and accompanying drawings it will be seen that my bricks can be arranged in a variety of ways; but I have thought it necessary to show but a few of the possible arrangements.

I show at Figs. 5, 6,7, and 8 a few desirable modifications of the shapes of the grooves and ridges; but I do not confine myself to any special number or style of grooves and ridges.

Although I prefer in most cases to lay my improved bricks with little or no mortar, as the use of the latter generally disfigures the appearance of awall, still the use of any such material would not avoid the spirit of myin- Vention.

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

The combination, with a brick having one In testimony whereof I affix my signature in or more ridges on one side thereof and correpresence of two Witnesses. sponding grooves on the opposite side, said ridges and grooves running lengthwise or LOUIS A. STEIGER. crosswise of the brick, of a corner-brick having a T-shaped elevation or depression on one Witnesses: side thereof and a ridge or groove on the op- KARL KLEIN, posite side, substantially as set forth. L. P. KRAFFT.

US468838D Building-brick Expired - Lifetime US468838A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2749739A (en) * 1951-06-06 1956-06-12 Prec Building System Inc Interlocking corner block
US2970218A (en) * 1958-10-29 1961-01-31 American Smelting Refining Brick for radiation shields
US3012377A (en) * 1958-02-18 1961-12-12 James Haig Inc Interengaging wall units
US4993206A (en) * 1989-02-03 1991-02-19 National Concrete Masonry Association Interlocking building units and walls constructed thereby
US5282700A (en) * 1992-08-27 1994-02-01 Transpave Inc. Block interlock offsetting key for use in the construction of a retaining wall
US5490363A (en) * 1992-10-06 1996-02-13 Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5589124A (en) * 1989-09-28 1996-12-31 Block Systems, Inc. Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US5704183A (en) * 1992-10-06 1998-01-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5709062A (en) * 1992-10-06 1998-01-20 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5879603A (en) * 1996-11-08 1999-03-09 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Process for producing masonry block with roughened surface
US5951210A (en) * 1997-03-12 1999-09-14 Nicolock Of Long Island Concrete block
US6029943A (en) * 1996-11-08 2000-02-29 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
US6178715B1 (en) 1996-12-24 2001-01-30 Designscape Enterprises Ltd. Mortarless retaining wall structure with improved lateral and longitudinal reinforcement for a vertical, set forward and/or set back retaining wall in whole or in part constructed by utilizing standardized blocks
US6178704B1 (en) 1996-11-08 2001-01-30 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
US6250850B1 (en) 1999-08-19 2001-06-26 Rockwood Retaining Walls, Inc. Block with multifaceted bottom surface
USD445512S1 (en) 1997-10-27 2001-07-24 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block
USD458693S1 (en) 1996-11-08 2002-06-11 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block
US6488448B1 (en) 1999-10-15 2002-12-03 Kiltie Corp. Block module
US6588168B2 (en) * 2001-04-17 2003-07-08 Donald L. Walters Construction blocks and structures therefrom
US6665994B1 (en) * 2002-06-07 2003-12-23 John Robert Ruggeri Self-aligning building blocks
US20060010793A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Martino Ralph A Indexing ribs for assembling a door, and door
US20060117699A1 (en) * 2002-07-10 2006-06-08 Agostino Di Trapani Building block
US20060283128A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2006-12-21 Rockwood Retaining Walls Inc. Multi-use block and retaining wall
US7207146B1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2007-04-24 Kelly J Morrell Multiple purpose wall block
US7244079B1 (en) 1999-10-15 2007-07-17 Kiltie Corporation Retaining wall system
US20070258776A1 (en) * 2006-04-24 2007-11-08 Strand Todd P Retaining wall systems
US20080295440A1 (en) * 2007-05-21 2008-12-04 Andre Esterhuizen Building component
US7823360B1 (en) 2006-05-24 2010-11-02 Jared Cottle Open core building blocks system
US7908799B2 (en) 2009-01-30 2011-03-22 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Wall blocks, wall block kits, walls resulting therefrom, and methods
US20130118109A1 (en) * 2010-08-03 2013-05-16 Hch Spolka Z.O.O. System of construction elements for the dry construction of structures
US8601758B2 (en) * 2011-09-08 2013-12-10 Samobi Industries, Llc Interlocking construction blocks
US8800236B2 (en) * 2010-10-01 2014-08-12 Tetraloc Pty Ltd Construction block
US20160010347A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-01-14 Abt, Inc. Interlocking form assembly
US10378223B2 (en) * 2014-03-17 2019-08-13 Abt, Inc. Interlocking form assembly

Cited By (52)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2749739A (en) * 1951-06-06 1956-06-12 Prec Building System Inc Interlocking corner block
US3012377A (en) * 1958-02-18 1961-12-12 James Haig Inc Interengaging wall units
US2970218A (en) * 1958-10-29 1961-01-31 American Smelting Refining Brick for radiation shields
US4993206A (en) * 1989-02-03 1991-02-19 National Concrete Masonry Association Interlocking building units and walls constructed thereby
US7048472B2 (en) 1989-09-28 2006-05-23 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6142713A (en) * 1989-09-28 2000-11-07 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5827015A (en) * 1989-09-28 1998-10-27 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US7360970B2 (en) 1989-09-28 2008-04-22 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5589124A (en) * 1989-09-28 1996-12-31 Block Systems, Inc. Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US6183168B1 (en) 1989-09-28 2001-02-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6616382B2 (en) 1989-09-28 2003-09-09 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6312197B1 (en) 1989-09-28 2001-11-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5282700A (en) * 1992-08-27 1994-02-01 Transpave Inc. Block interlock offsetting key for use in the construction of a retaining wall
US7384215B2 (en) 1992-10-06 2008-06-10 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5795105A (en) * 1992-10-06 1998-08-18 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5709062A (en) * 1992-10-06 1998-01-20 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5704183A (en) * 1992-10-06 1998-01-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5490363A (en) * 1992-10-06 1996-02-13 Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5711129A (en) * 1992-10-06 1998-01-27 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Masonry block
US6113318A (en) * 1992-10-06 2000-09-05 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US20040028484A1 (en) * 1992-10-06 2004-02-12 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6029943A (en) * 1996-11-08 2000-02-29 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
US6178704B1 (en) 1996-11-08 2001-01-30 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
USD458693S1 (en) 1996-11-08 2002-06-11 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block
US5879603A (en) * 1996-11-08 1999-03-09 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Process for producing masonry block with roughened surface
US6178715B1 (en) 1996-12-24 2001-01-30 Designscape Enterprises Ltd. Mortarless retaining wall structure with improved lateral and longitudinal reinforcement for a vertical, set forward and/or set back retaining wall in whole or in part constructed by utilizing standardized blocks
US6398458B1 (en) 1996-12-24 2002-06-04 Designscape Enterprises Ltd. Mortarless retaining wall structure with improved lateral and longitudinal reinforcement for a vertical, set forward and/or set back retaining wall in whole or in part constructed by utilizing standardized blocks
US5951210A (en) * 1997-03-12 1999-09-14 Nicolock Of Long Island Concrete block
USD445512S1 (en) 1997-10-27 2001-07-24 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block
US6250850B1 (en) 1999-08-19 2001-06-26 Rockwood Retaining Walls, Inc. Block with multifaceted bottom surface
US7229235B2 (en) 1999-10-15 2007-06-12 Kiltie Corporation Retaining wall system
US20060002769A1 (en) * 1999-10-15 2006-01-05 Kiltie Corporation Retaining wall system
US6960048B2 (en) 1999-10-15 2005-11-01 Kiltie Corporation Modular segmented retaining wall
US6488448B1 (en) 1999-10-15 2002-12-03 Kiltie Corp. Block module
US7244079B1 (en) 1999-10-15 2007-07-17 Kiltie Corporation Retaining wall system
US20060283128A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2006-12-21 Rockwood Retaining Walls Inc. Multi-use block and retaining wall
US6588168B2 (en) * 2001-04-17 2003-07-08 Donald L. Walters Construction blocks and structures therefrom
US6665994B1 (en) * 2002-06-07 2003-12-23 John Robert Ruggeri Self-aligning building blocks
US20060117699A1 (en) * 2002-07-10 2006-06-08 Agostino Di Trapani Building block
US7207146B1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2007-04-24 Kelly J Morrell Multiple purpose wall block
US7267321B1 (en) 2003-05-14 2007-09-11 Morrell Kelly J Wall block mold
US20060010793A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Martino Ralph A Indexing ribs for assembling a door, and door
US20070258776A1 (en) * 2006-04-24 2007-11-08 Strand Todd P Retaining wall systems
US7823360B1 (en) 2006-05-24 2010-11-02 Jared Cottle Open core building blocks system
US20080295440A1 (en) * 2007-05-21 2008-12-04 Andre Esterhuizen Building component
US7908799B2 (en) 2009-01-30 2011-03-22 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Wall blocks, wall block kits, walls resulting therefrom, and methods
US20130118109A1 (en) * 2010-08-03 2013-05-16 Hch Spolka Z.O.O. System of construction elements for the dry construction of structures
US8869487B2 (en) * 2010-08-03 2014-10-28 HCH Spólka z o.o. System of construction elements for the dry construction of structures
US8800236B2 (en) * 2010-10-01 2014-08-12 Tetraloc Pty Ltd Construction block
US8601758B2 (en) * 2011-09-08 2013-12-10 Samobi Industries, Llc Interlocking construction blocks
US20160010347A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-01-14 Abt, Inc. Interlocking form assembly
US10378223B2 (en) * 2014-03-17 2019-08-13 Abt, Inc. Interlocking form assembly

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