US465907A - Rotary steam-engine - Google Patents

Rotary steam-engine Download PDF

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US465907A
US465907A US465907DA US465907A US 465907 A US465907 A US 465907A US 465907D A US465907D A US 465907DA US 465907 A US465907 A US 465907A
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steam
cylinder
engine
pistons
piston
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C15/00Component parts, details or accessories of machines, pumps or pumping installations, not provided for in groups F04C2/00 - F04C14/00
    • F04C15/0003Sealing arrangements in rotary-piston machines or pumps
    • F04C15/0023Axial sealings for working fluid
    • F04C15/0026Elements specially adapted for sealing of the lateral faces of intermeshing-engagement type machines or pumps, e.g. gear machines or pumps

Description

(No Model.) I 3 Sheets-Sheet 1. W. N. WHIPPLE.
ROTARY STEAM ENGINE. No. 465,907. Patented Dec. 29, 1891.
(No Model.) 3' Sheets-Sheet 2. W. N. WHIPPLE.
ROTARY STEAM ENGINE.
No; 465,907. Patented 1m. 29, 1891,
WITNESSES mi -W Altorneys No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
W. N. WHIPPLE;
ROTARY STEAM ENGINE.
No. 465,907. Patented Dec. 29, 1891.
WlZ/VESSES [Wail 207B Wv'ZZv'a/m/ J1, mo b ble UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
XVILLIAM N. lVI'llPPLE, OF DRESDEN, NE W YORK.
ROTARY STEAM-ENGINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 465,907, dated December 29, 1891.
Application filed October 80, 1890. Serial No. 369,782. (No model.)
To ctZZ whOm it may concern.-
Be it known that I, WILLIAM N. WHIPPLE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dresden, in the county of Yates and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rotary Steam-Engines; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My'invention relates to improvements in rotary steam-engines of the class in which the driving-shaft is set eccentric to the bore of the cylinder.
The object of my invention is to produce a rotary engine in which a high efficiency is obtained from steam expansion in a simple and direct manner.
My invention consists in the combination, with the engine-cylinder, of one or more auxiliary steam-chambers, which are alternately supplied with steam at boiler-pressure, the said steam being as often out off from and expanded therein against the pistons automatically by the pistons themselves. The said auxiliary steam-chambers are adapted to be diminished or increased in steam capacity proportioned to the work upon the engine or the power required by means of a movable piston therein.
My invention also consists in the means by which the pistons are made to revolve concentric with the bore of the cylinder andin the details of construction and the adaptation of steam-ports, as will be more fully hereinafter described and set forth, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which-- Figure 1 is a transverse section of my improved engine, taken on the plane indicated by the dotted line a: a: of'Fig. 2, a portion bein gbroken away, showing sections of the auxiliary chambers. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of my improved engine. Fig. 3 is a detached perspective view of one of the annular rings and one segmental block. Fig. 4 is a face view of one of the cylinderheads, showing one of the annular rings and the segmental blocks. Fig. 5 represents detached sectional views of the steam packing-plate, packin g-box ring, annular ring, and segmental blocks. Fig. 6 is a detached View of one of of admitting steam to start, and also to re- Verse the engine andto connect the ports 0' with o and exhaust-outlet J to form a continuous exhaust-passage.
S is the driving-shaft, to which is solidly attached the piston hub or block E. The said piston-hub is of the proper diameter to just clear contact with the inside or bore of the cylinder, and is provided with the required number of transverse radial slots or openings 1, adapted for the insertion of the series of steam-pistons P,fitted therein. The said pistons have packing-strips a inserted in their outer ends, and which are adapted to be set up against, the bore of the cylinder by means of the springs to.
0 represents the auxiliary steam-chambers, which are cylindrical in form, and are provided with covers 1% and packing-boxes n, of the usual construction. are cast integral with the cylinder A or solidly attached thereto.
N represents a piston, fitted into the bore of the auxiliary chamber, and which is adjustable 0r movable therein by means of the screw-threaded rod h and hand-wheels if.
H H are the cylinder heads or covers, provided with shoulders upon their inner faces, which fit into the bore of the cylinder, and with the usual stuffing-boxes and glands f f upon their outer faces, and are secured to the cylinder by screws in the usual manner. One of the said cylinder-heads has formed upon its inner face an annular channel or recess 0, concentric with the bore of the engine-cylinder, into which one of the annular rings R is inserted and adapted to revolve therein. The said annularring Ris also formed with an annular recess or channel 0 which is adapted for the insertion of the segmental blocks K, which correspond in number for The said chambers each annular ring to the number of steampistons P, to which the said segmental blocks are pivoted by means of the pins Z1, attached to said blocks, and which enter perforations in the ends of the pistons. One of the said segmental blocks is solidly attached to each of the annular rings R, as shown in Fig. 3, the others being free to adjust themselves therein, as is required by the eccentricity between the shaft and bore of the cylinder.
T represents a packing-plate, which is perforated for the shaft S, and which is turned upon its edge to fit the bore of the cylinder, and made steam-tight therein by means of the stuffing-box ring (I and screws 6. Space is provided between the said packing-plate and the adjacent cylinder-head, to which steam-pressure is admitted for the purpose of making steam-tight joints between theends of the piston-hub and pistons and the oppo site cylinder-head and said packing-plate. Undue pressure against the packing-plate is obviated by admitting steam-pressure between the packingplateand the opposite cylinder-head through the triangular openings, or passages u in the piston-hub. The said packing-plate is provided with an annular channel or recess formed upon its face, into. which segmental blocks are inserted, the construction being identical with that in the cylinder-head at the oppositeend of the piston, before described.
0 0 are the steam-induction ports.
0 0 are the steam-exhaust ports.
of? is a steam-port opening (shown in full lines in Fig. 7) between the auxiliary chamher and the inside or bore of the cylinder.
It will be observed that by the arrangement of steam and exhaust ports herein shown a yacuum will be formed or produced by the outgoing steam in the steam-port cut off from the boiler and nearest to the exhaust port through which steam is being exhausted, and that the atmospheriepressure in front of the pistons upon the exhaust side of the engine will be largely removed and the efficiency of the engine increased thereby. It 'will also be observed that only one of the auxiliary steam-chambers herein shown are in use at one time, two only being required to ru ithe engine in either direction.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that steam, being admitted throughone of the steam-ports, as required by the direction in which the engine is to run, enters the steam-space of the cylinder between the two pistons nearest the entering steam-port and exerts a force to drive the engine, measured by the steam-pressure, upon the effective area of the piston, the effective area being the difference in the exposed area of any two pistons between which the steam is acting. It will also be seen that when the forward piston of any two pistons has passed by the steam-port connecting the auxiliary chamber with the inside of the cylinder (the length of cylinder-wall between the entering-steam port and port of the auxiliary chamberbeing less than the distance between two pistons) the unexpanded steam from the boiler will then be admitted to and fill the auxiliary steam-chamber, and that the said steam from the boiler will be cut oif from the said chamber when the rear piston of the two has passed by the steam-induction port, and that the steam in the said chamber, and which is now out off from the boiler, will then be expanded against the forward piston having the greater area and in the direction to drive the engine,
and that this operation will be repeated as So often as any two pistons pass the said openings or ports, as described. The slide-valve D is operated by hand to start the engine in the direction it is to run and to reverse the engine. The steam is exhausted through the eduetion port farthest from the inductionport in which the steam is entering, the steam being still further expanded by entering and filling the f1 rstor nearest exhaust-port. The
steam therein being cut off beforeexhaust engine, but is onlyreduced inpressure by ex- 5 pansion therein, and that no reduction in, quantity or loss of steam takes place, except. by expansion. to. drive the engine and byprolonging a greater pressure against the driving-piston after the rear. or following piston, too
has cut off the steam from the boiler. It will now be seen that the ability to control the dimensions or holding capacity of the auxiliary chamber is an important feature of my inven tion, as a greater or lcsspressure against IO 5 the pistons is maintained thereby, and that the greater the size of the auxiliary steamchamber the nearer the normal. or boiler pressure will be exerted against. the pistons.
It will also be seen that the arrangement of no the steam and exhaust ports in their relation to the number of pistons employed is another important feature of my invention, the steam being automatically cut off by the pistons and continuously expanded to the farthest effect- 1' 15 ive point, or so long as one of two pistons between which the steam is expanding has the greater steam-exposed area, the bore of the cylinder acting as an abutment to the fullest extent of the eccentricity between the inside surface of the cylinder and pis-. ton-hub. It will further be seen that a salient feature of my invention is in the means employed for retaining the revolv ing pistons concentric with the bore of the I25 cylinder, the concentric channels, and segmental blocks free to adjust themselves in the said channels, the pistons pivotally attached thereto and held in both directions thereby,
and the piston ends rounded to a radius from thecenter of said pivots, which forms an arran gement peculiarly adapted for the purpose. I am aware that pistons in eccentric rotary engines have been held outward by means of the inner ends riding upon a surface concentric with the bore of the cylinder, and which are held back against the sliding friction in the piston-hub, by means of contact against the bore of the cylinder, the arrangement being defective in that the contact-pressure of the piston against the cylinder is not equal at all points in the revolution, the cylinder being worn out of truth thereby, and which is obviated by the means herein described.
I am also aware that other devices have been invented for the purpose of preserving contact and concentricity of the pistons with the bore of the cylinder, such as struts or dis tance-pieces connecting opposite pistons, in combination with springs, andby means of springs alone, with none of which does my invention conflict.
It is apparent that my invention is susceptible of other modifications not shown herein in its general form and construction of details without departing from the spirit thereof. I do not therefore limit myself to the precise form or construction or proportion and nu m ber of parts as shown herein.
Having described my invention, I claim- 1. In a rotary engine of the kind described, the combination of the fixed annular channels or recesses c c, concentric with the bore of the'steam-cylinder, the annular rings R R, adapted to be inserted in said annular channels c c and to revolve therein, the annular channels or recesses 0 0 formed in said annular rings, the segmental blocks K, adapted to fit into said annular channels 0 0 one of said segmental blocks being solidly attached to one of each of said annular rings and the others free to adjust themselves in the said channels 0 0 formed in said annular rings, and the steam-pistons P, adapted to be pivotally attached to the said segmental blocks by means of the pivot-pins b, substantially as and for the'purpose specified.
2. In a rotary engine of the kind described, the combination of the fixed annular channels or recesses c c, the annular rings R R, the annular channels or recesses c c in said annular rings, the segmental blocks K and pivotpins b, the pistons P, pivotally attached to said segmental blocks and provided with j the packing-strips a and springs to, the piston hub'or block E,having transverse radial slots land steam openings or passages to, said radial slots adapted for the insertion of the said pistons, the driving-shaft S, and the packing-plate T, packing-box ring (1, and screws 6, substantially as and forthe purpose specified.
3. In a rotary engine of the kind described, the combination, with the steam-cylinder A, of the auxiliary steam-chamber O, the piston N, adjustable or movable in said auxiliary chamber, the steam ports or openings 0 be tween said steam cylinder and auxiliary chamber, and the induction-ports 0 0, and exhaust ports 0 o in said steam-cylinder, arranged in relation to each other and to the number of engine-pistons, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
4. In a rotary engine of the kind described, the described steam-cylinder A, auxiliary steam-chamber O, and piston N, in combination with the steam-chest B, provided with steam-inlet I and outlet J, the valve D, adapted to be moved in said steam-chest to cover and uncover the steam-ports in said steam-cylinder, and the cylinder heads or covers H H,
' adapted to fit the bore of said steam-cylinder and perforated or bored for the shaft S and provided with the packing-boxes f f, one of said cylinder-heads having an annular chan-. nel or recess a formed upon its inner face concentric with the bore of the steam-cylinder,'adapted for the insertion of one of the annular rings R, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
5. In a rotary engine of the kind described, the described steam cylinder A, auxiliary steam-chamber C, and piston N, the steamchest B, valve D, and cylinder-heads II II, in combination with the driving-shaft S, the piston hub or block E, provided with transverse radial slots l and steam-passage openings to, the pistons P, adapted to fit into the said radial slots and provided with the packingstrips a and springs w, and the packingplate T, perforated for the shaft S and provided with the annular channel or recess 0 upon its inner face concentric with the bore of the cylinder for the insertion of one of the annular rings R, the said packing-plate adapted to be made steam-tight in the bore of the steam-cylinder by means of the packing box ring at and screws 6, and to be set up against the pistonhub and ends of the pistons by steam-pressure between the said packing-plate and the adjacent cylinder-head, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
6. In a rotary engine of the kind described, the combination comprising the steam-cylinder A, steam-ports 0 0, 0, 0 and 0 in said steam-cylinder, the auxiliary steam-chambers C, pistons N, piston-rods h, covers m, packingboxes t, and hand-wheels 7L2, the steam-chest B, provided with steam-inlet I, exhaust-outlet J and packing -box 2, the valve D, and valve-rod r, the cylinder heads or covers H II, and packing-boxes ff, the driving-shaft S, the piston hub or block E, the pistons P, the piston-packin g strips a, and springs 10, the packing-plate T, packing-ring cl, screws e, the annular rings R R, the annular channels or recesses c c and 0 0 the segmental blocks K,
and pivot-pins b, constructed and arranged in the manner and for the purpose substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465887A (en) * 1946-03-01 1949-03-29 Everett P Larsh Sliding vane reversible air compressor
US2623470A (en) * 1950-08-28 1952-12-30 Hartmann Mfg Company Vane type pump or motor
US2653550A (en) * 1950-10-07 1953-09-29 Vickers Inc Power transmission
US2672282A (en) * 1951-07-27 1954-03-16 Novas Camilo Vazquez Rotary vacuum and compression pump
US2702509A (en) * 1951-04-06 1955-02-22 Air Equipment Rotary pump
US2714856A (en) * 1950-01-18 1955-08-09 Commercial Shearing Rotary pump or motor
US2739539A (en) * 1952-10-14 1956-03-27 Vickers Inc Power transmission
US2745356A (en) * 1950-06-16 1956-05-15 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2756681A (en) * 1950-06-16 1956-07-31 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2785851A (en) * 1951-06-11 1957-03-19 U B I S P A Utilizzo Brevetti Pump and/or rotative compressor with prismatic pistons
US2793595A (en) * 1953-03-09 1957-05-28 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2823617A (en) * 1955-11-02 1958-02-18 Borg Warner Pump with pressure loaded bushing
US2866416A (en) * 1950-06-16 1958-12-30 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US4768935A (en) * 1985-10-08 1988-09-06 Atos Oleodinamica S.P.A. Volumetric blade pump for fluid-hydraulic actuation
US10844782B1 (en) 2019-08-09 2020-11-24 Astron Aerospace Llc Rotary engine, parts thereof, and methods

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465887A (en) * 1946-03-01 1949-03-29 Everett P Larsh Sliding vane reversible air compressor
US2714856A (en) * 1950-01-18 1955-08-09 Commercial Shearing Rotary pump or motor
US2866416A (en) * 1950-06-16 1958-12-30 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2756681A (en) * 1950-06-16 1956-07-31 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2745356A (en) * 1950-06-16 1956-05-15 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2623470A (en) * 1950-08-28 1952-12-30 Hartmann Mfg Company Vane type pump or motor
US2653550A (en) * 1950-10-07 1953-09-29 Vickers Inc Power transmission
US2702509A (en) * 1951-04-06 1955-02-22 Air Equipment Rotary pump
US2785851A (en) * 1951-06-11 1957-03-19 U B I S P A Utilizzo Brevetti Pump and/or rotative compressor with prismatic pistons
US2672282A (en) * 1951-07-27 1954-03-16 Novas Camilo Vazquez Rotary vacuum and compression pump
US2739539A (en) * 1952-10-14 1956-03-27 Vickers Inc Power transmission
US2793595A (en) * 1953-03-09 1957-05-28 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump
US2823617A (en) * 1955-11-02 1958-02-18 Borg Warner Pump with pressure loaded bushing
US4768935A (en) * 1985-10-08 1988-09-06 Atos Oleodinamica S.P.A. Volumetric blade pump for fluid-hydraulic actuation
US10844782B1 (en) 2019-08-09 2020-11-24 Astron Aerospace Llc Rotary engine, parts thereof, and methods

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