US465339A - Territory - Google Patents

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US465339A
US465339A US465339DA US465339A US 465339 A US465339 A US 465339A US 465339D A US465339D A US 465339DA US 465339 A US465339 A US 465339A
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Prior art keywords
magazine
breech
piece
cartridge
cartridges
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/34Magazine safeties
    • F41A17/38Magazine mountings, e.g. for locking the magazine in the gun

Description

(No Mbael.) l ssneets-sheet-i. A.

J. M. 8v M. S. BR()W1\TING.l Y

'MAGAZINE GUN.

4Patented Dec. 15, 1891.

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(No Model.)

1M. au s. BROWN/ING, MAGAZINE GUN.y

i No. 465,339'.

' Patented Deo. 15, 1.891'.

5 Sheets Sheet 5.

(Ne Medel.)

J. ae M. s. BROWNING.

MAGAZINE' GUN.

Ne. 465,339. Patented Deeel', 1891.

c Y UNITED STATES) ATENT FFICE.

' JOHN M. BROVNING AND MATTHEWT S. BROIVNING, OFk OGDEN, `UTAI-I TERRITORY, ASSIGNORS TO 'THE'VVIN CHESTER REPEATING ARMS COM- PANY, OF NENV HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.

MAGAZINE-GUN.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 465,339, dated December 15, 1891. Appncan'fnea August 3,1891. serai no. 401,573. (No man.)

T all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that we, JOHN M. BROWNING and MATTHEW S. BRowNINe, of Ogden, in the county of lVeber and Territory of Utah, have invented a new Improvement in Magazine Fire-Arms; and We do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact IO description of the same, which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in

Figure 1, a side view of the arm, the forward and rear portions broken away; Fig. 2,

I5 a perspective viewof the magazine detached,

looking from the rear; Fig. 3, a top .or plan view of that portion of the arm illustrated in Fig. 1; Fig. et, a longitudinal sectional side.

view representing the parts in the closed or zo normal position; Fig. 5,alongitudinal section through the" magazine,V cutting on line y y of Fig. 4; Fig. 6, the same section as Fig. 4C, showing the parts as the breech-piece approaches its open position; Fig. 7, a longitudinal section through the magazine, showing a cartridge therein; Fig. 7, a transverse section on line .fr of Fig. 4; Fig. S, the same section as Fig. 6, showing the parts as in the position of the breech-piece in its extreme rear posi- 3o tion; Fig. 9, a section of the parts of Fig. S, showin g the breech-piece as it has commenced its advance and started the cartridge into the barrel, so that its head may escape from the ribs r; Fig. 9, a transverse section on line e e' of Fig. i, looking rearward; Fig. lO, a longitudinal section showing the breech-piece in the closed position and-the firing-pin as engaged with thesear in the cocked position; Fig. ll, a top View ofv the receiver, showing 4o the breech-piece in the rear position and also showing a top viewof the ribs vr r and the stops s; Fig. l2, a transverse section on line a: of Fig. 8, looking rearward; Fig. 13, a transverse section on line cc of Fig. G.

This invention relates to an improvement in that class of magazine tire-arms in which the breech-piece is arranged to reciprocate longitudinally in the receiver at the rear of the barrel to produce its opening and closing 5o movement, and in which the magazine is arranged to receive cartridges substantially parallel with each other, the cartridges being forced by a spring, so as to be successively presented for removalfrorn the magazine, in contradistinction to a magazine arranged lon- 5 5 gitudinally under the barrel and in which the cartridges are arranged heads to points or in longitudinal line, the object being primarilyto insure the positive movement of a cartridge from the magazine, as the breech-piece opens, 6o into a position to be forced by the closing` breech-piece into its place in the barrel, and

at the same time to make the supply of car-' j tridges to the arm simple, so as to facilitate rapid firing; and the invention consists in the construction as hereinafter described, and particularly recited in the claims.

A represents the receiver, to the forward end of which the barrel B is secured Yin the usual manneigthe barrel opening into the re- 7o ceiver at the rear.

C represents a longitudinally-reciprocating breech-piece arranged in the receiver and suitably guided in line with the barrel, so as to move backward and forward in opening and closing, as usual in this class of breech-pieces. The breech-piece is arranged to be operated by means of a trigger-guard lever D. This lever extends upward into the receiver, having an arm E, which is hung by a pivot F to 8o the breech-piece. In'suitable and snbstanv tially vertical guides in the rear of the pivot a pair of lockingbolts G G are arranged,one at each side of the breech-piece, as seen in Figs. 3 and Lt, the breech-piece being con- 85 structed with notches H, corresponding to the said bolts, and in which the bolts stand when the breech-piece is closed and the parts in their normal position. These bolts extend downward and are connected to the lever D 9o by studs I on the inside of the bolt extending into corresponding slots .I in the lever, as seen in Fig. 7, and so that as the lever is turned downward, as from the position seen in Fig. 1 to that in broken lines same figure, 95 the bolts will be drawn down accordingly.

The bolts G G serve to lock the breech- #/f/ piece in the closed position to resist recoil. The bolts, being partially in the receiver and partially in the breeclrpiece, interlock the roo breech-piece with the receiver in the strongest possible manner.

The slot J permits the lever D to swing upon its pivot F without effect upon the breech-piece, so long as the' studs may play in the slots J; but when the studs come to a bearing at the rear end of the slots J, as represented in broken lines, Fig. 4, the slots and bolts become so engaged that the lever must also turn on the studs I as a pivot between the bolts and the lever. The result of this is that a further downward movement of the lever D will draw the bolts downward entirely out of engagement with the breech-piece, but at the same time the upper or breech-piece end of the lever will correspondingly recede, as represented in Fig. 6, and finally to the wide-open position represented in Fig. 8, the slots J in the lever permitting a play of the studs of the bolts, so that the upper or breechpiece end of the lever will move freely in the same longitudinal line of the breech-piece, turning upon its pivot F in so doing. On the return of the lever the breech-piece is first forced forwardtoitsclosedposition,itreaching such closed position before the lever reaches its up position, and so that in the completion of the closing movement of the lever D the .bolts G will be brought home into firm engagement with the breech-piece.

Longitudinally in the breech-piece the firing-pin K is arranged. This is a spindle provided with a mainspring L, arranged between the rear end of the firing-pin and a shoulder M,stationary in the breech-piece, as seen in Figs. 6 and l0, the spring tending to force the firing-pin forward, that its point may strike the primer of the cartridge, as usual in this class of firing-pins. The tiring-pin moves rearward with the breech-piece in its opening movement, as seen in Fig. 6.

To the arm E of the lever D and near its pivot F the sear N is hung upon the rear or upper side of the arm E and upon a pivot O, so that it may swing in a plane parallel with the plane of the path of movement of the lever D. The sear is provided with a spring P, the tendency of which is to force the nose of the sear rearward or upward from the arm E. The nose Q of the sear is constructed so that it may engage the cocking-shoulder R of the firing-pin; but in the rear movement of the breech-piece the firing-pin retreats in advance of the sear and so that in the open position of the breecl1-piece the shoulder R will stand at the rear of the nose Q of the sear, as seen in Fig. 8. As the lever D is turned to produce the closing movement of the breech-piece and as the breech-piece approaches its closed position, the shoulder R will engage the nose of the sear, and as this closing movement is completed the scar acts,

in connection with the lever as a toggle, to hold or-force theiiring-pin to its cocked posit-ion, where it will be held by the sear, as represented in Fig. 10.

The triggervS is hung upon a pivot T in the -movement of the lever.

lever and so that it partakes of the swinging From the trigger a finger U extends upward and forward to the searand so as to bear upon its nose end, as represented in Figs. 4 and l0, and so that a pull of the trigger will depress the Sear, as

indicated in broken lines, Fig. lO, so as to re-.

lease the tiring-pin and permit it to fly forward under the action of its mainspring L. The scar-spring P is fixed by one end to the trigger, so that it operates both as a sear and trigger spring, as represented in Fig. l0; but it willbe understood thatin dependent springs may be employed.

V represents the magazine. It is of box character of a length somewhat greater than the length of a cartridge and of a depth corresponding to thenumber of cartridges which it is required to contain. The magazine is made detachable from the arm and is adapted to be arranged forward of the rear end of the barrel, instead of in rear of that point, as usually arranged. The magazine is constructed from sheet metal and is closed upon all sides. the metal being folded andits edges,

joined. At the rear end and at the upper side an opening XV is made sufficient to permit the introduction of cartridges into the magazine or to permit their removal therefrom. The width of the magazine corresponds substantially to the diameter of the heads of the cartridges to be introduced therein. At the rear end the magazine is constructed with groovesX upon opposite sides. (See Fig. 5.) These grooves are best produced by making corresponding depressions Y u-pon the outside of the case, forming a rib upon the inside and parallel with the rear end Z ofthe magazine, and so that the ribs upon the inside serve to arrest the entrance of cartridges so soon as the head shall have passed within the plane ofthe inside of tne rear end Z of the magazine, the grooves X being in width somewhat greater than the thickness of the projecting heads orrims of the car. tridges. As the first cartridge is inserted it dropsinto the magazine, the rim passing down into the grooves X. The next cartridge follows in like manner.

In the magazine a spring-follower is arranged upon which the cartridges introduced will rest, the follower yielding as successive cartridges are introduced until the magazine is properly filled, the spring tending to force the cartridges upward, so that one cartridge will always stand with its head at the rear opening W, as seen in Figs. 2 and 4. To construct the spring-follower so that it will occupy substantially no space in the magazine so far as depth is concerned, the follower is made from wire bent at one end to form a coiled spring a. (See Figs. 4 and 5.) This coil is in the plane of the sides of the magazine and is secured thereto at one side near the forward end, but yet so as to allow the free working of the spring. The follower b is `attached to or preferably made as a part of IOC IIO

this spring, the wire continuing from the spring rearward and bent so as to cross the magazine that it may take a bearing upon the lowermost cartridge, as represented in Fig. 4. The follower lies close against the side of the cartridge from the spring to the bend and occupies sok little space that it does not interfere with the cartridges, the cartridges passing freely between the spring and the opposite side of the magazine. compressed as successive cartridges are introduced until the magazine is filled, as seen in Fig. 4. Thus it willbe seen that the space 1 required for the follower when arranged below the cartridges is in this case occupied by cartridges. Consequently a magazine of the same size will receive a proportionately larger number of cartridges than when the follower is arranged entirely below the cartridges, as in the usual construction.

The spring-follower is of sufficient force to support the column of cartridges which may be arranged therein, so that as the uppermost cartridge is withdrawn the column will rise to present the-.second cartridge in place of the first, with `its head at the opening W, and so on until the last cartridge is in like manner presented.

Below the barrel an opening is made corresponding in shape to the upper portion of the magazine and into which that portion of the magazine may be inserted, as seen in Fig. 4. The rear upper end of the magazine projects into the receiver to a slight extent beyond the rear end of the barrel; but the body of the cartridges is forward of that point. The opening XV at the rear end of the magazine is presented into the receiver below the breechpiece. The magazine is held in its position by means of a suitable shoulder c at one end. of the frame engaging a corresponding shoulder in the receiver and a spring-latch cl at the opposite end adapted to engage a corresponding shoulder e on that end of the receiver. Preferably the latch Ais arranged forward, as showh in Fig. 4, and also preferably the rear shoulder c of the magazine is engaged with a spring-shoulder f, arranged in the receiver. The spring-latch is withdrawn by means of a finger-piece g projecting therefrom, as clearly. shown, and so that one magazine may be readily removed from the gun and another introduced in its place, so that the person ,using the arm may have at hand several magazines to be interchanged as the cartridges from one magazine are exhausted.

To Withdraw the first cartridge from the magazine the breech-piece is constructed with a shoulder h upon its under side, which as the breech-piece comes to its closed position will pass forward of the head of the first cartridge presented at the opening W' in the magazine, and as seen in Fig. 4, the spring of thc magazine yielding forthe depression of theirear end of that cartridge, so that the shoulder may pass over it., and so that asA the `breechpiece is next drawn rearward in the opening The follower is .piece when it next advances.

movement it will, because of the engagement of the shoulder h, take the cartridge with it, drawing it from the magazine, as seen in Fig. 6. The carrier t' is arranged in the receiver below the breech-piece. It is hung at its rear end upon a pivot k, stationary in the receiver,

'(see Figs. 4 and 6;) but the carrier is constructed with a vertical slot L at the pivot, so as to allow a vertical play of the carrier upon its pivot. The carrier extends forward from its pivot toward the magazine and is provided with a spring m between its two ends, the spring taking a bearing in a notch n in the carrier, and so that the carrier may swing on the end of the spring at the notch, as upon a pivot, such swinging movement beingin a vertical plane. through a slot in the carrier, as seen in Fig. 9, and so' that in the closed position the arm will bear upon the carrier near its forward end to depress it into the position seen in Fig. 4, and because of this bearing of the arm E of the lever D upon the forward end of the carrier when the lever is first depressed,as represented in broken lines, Fig. 4, it will correspondingly depress the forward end of the carrier and bring it to a point below the head of the cartridge then presented at the opening of the magazine, and so that in the rear movement of the breechpiece the cartridge will be drawn from the magazine onto the upper side of the carrier, and so soon as the cartridge has passed from themagazine then the spring m of the carrier reacts and forces the forward end of the carrier upward, so as to correspondingly raise the forward end of the cartridge to a position above the magazine, the next cartridge following in the magazine to take the place of the one so withdrawn.

On each-side of the receiver and at the rear The arm E of the lever D works IOO end of the breech-piece opening a longitudinal rib fr is formed. (See Figs. 1l, l2, and 13.) The position of these ribs is such that the head of the cartridge as it is drawn rearward by the breech-piece will pass below those ribs, and as seen in Fig. 6, and as the forward end of the cartridge rises it will turn upon the forward portion of the breech-piece as a fulcrum, forcing the rear or head end downward, together with the rear end of the carrier, and so that the breech-piece may escape from the head of the cartridge, as represented in Fig. 6, the slot. in the carrier permitting this depression of its rear end. Then as the breech-piece completes its rear movement, as seen in Fig. S, the spring fm, reacting upon the carrier, will bring the forward end of the carrier up against stops s on the sides of the receiver near the barrel and as seen in Fig. S. The rear end of the carrier also rises, as seen in Fig. 8, to bring the head of the cartridge against the stops r at the rear and into a position, so that the head of the cartridge will be struck by the breech- When the breech-piece is next moved forward, it will IIO v broken lines, Fig. 9.

strike the headof the cartridge, forceit forward below the ribs r, as seen in Fig. 9, and so as to enter the forward end of the cartridge into the barrel, this movement continuing until the head passes forward of the ribs r. This first advance movement of the cartridge causes a depression of the carrier against its spring, as represented in Fig. 9; but so soon as the cartridge-head has passed beyond the control of the ribs r, t-hen the spring on of the carrier reacts and forces the carrier upward, as seen in Fig. 9, which gives to the cartridge a sudden upward movement to bring it into a position forward of the front face of the breech-piece, as represented inv The breech-piece then continuing its movement forces the cartridge into the barrel, the breechpiece engaging the next cartridge in the magazine, and the carrier being depressed to receive the second cartridge, as before described. The breech-piece is provided with the usual extractor-hook (here represented at t, Fig. 12)

on one side of the breech-piece, with a corresponding shoulder u on the opposite side, and so that as the breech-piece is withdrawn the exploded shell or cartridge, if it be not exploded, will be drawn rearward, and the next rising cartridge will eject the exploded shell or cartridge, if it be not exploded, from the receiver in the usual manner. As here represented, one side of the receiver is open, as at 0, Figs. l2 and 13; but the position of the opening is immaterial, it only being necessary that the extracting devices shall be arranged in relation thereto, as usual in fire-arms. By this arrangement of the box-magazine forward of the opening in the receiver the cartridges are taken therefrom by the retreating breechpiece and do not, therefore, depend upon a spring or gravity to bring them into a position for introduction to the barrel, and the gun is therefore capable of the most rapid firing.

The construction of the magazine, as before described, brings the magazine into the mostcompact possible form, it being substantially no larger than the space required for the number of cartridges it is adapted to contain` and no additional devices are necessary to retain. the cartridges in the magazine until required for use. Consequently there is no opening to be made into the magazine for the escape of the cartridges. Ithas simply to be set into place and the cartridges are ready to be delivered therefrom.

The construction of the magazine, so far as the follower and its spring are concerned, is applicable to this class of magazines generally, irrespective of the mechanism of the arm, the advantages being, as before stated, anjncreased number of cartridges for the same size of magazine.

The magazine constructed with all sides closed and with the rear opening may beemployed with arms of other construction than that which we have described, it only being essential that such arms shall beprovided with some means for withdrawing the cartridges from the magazine. Such arrangement is too apparent to require illustration .We therefore do not wish to be understood aslimiting the construction of the magazine to y the particular mechanism of the arm which we have described. l

While it is preferred to make the magazine removable for obvious reasons, it will be understood that it may be made a permanent part of the arm and the cartridges introduced thereto-as, for illustration, from the rear end of the magazine--through an opening indicated by broken lines at lw, Fig. 4.

The arrangement of the carrier upon its spring and so as to coact with the operatinglever to receive a cartridge from the magazine and present it forward of the front face of the breech-piece may be employed in that class of magazine-guns in which the magazine is arranged longitudinally beneath the barrel, so that cartridges stand in longitudinal line. The upper cartridge in Fig. 4 may be understood as representing the rearmost cartridge in such a magazine. We therefore do not wish to be understood as limiting the construction and arrangement of the carrier to the necessary employment of a magazine of the peculiar construction which we have described.

We do not claim, broadly, the verticallocking-bolts in connection with the swinging lever pivoted to the breech-piece, whereby the breech-pieceis unlocked in the opening movement of the lever and before the opening movement of the breech-piece commences and locked in the closing movement of the lever after the breech-piece has reached its closed position, as such a combination of elements is found in Letters Patent No. 306,577, granted for our invention October 14, 1884.'

We claiml. In a magazine fire-arm, the combination of a longitudinally reciprocating breechpiece, a trigger-guard lever having an arm extending up into the receiver and pivoted to the breech-piece near its forward end, a carrier arranged below the breech-piece and extending rearward at the sides of said lever, hung by slotted connection at its rear end to a stationary pivot in the receiver, the said levver adapted to bear upon the upper side of the carrier forward of the pivot, a spring upon the under side of the receiver and arranged to bear upward thereon between the two ends of the carrier, the receiver constructed with ribs above the carrier and forward of the breech-piece when in its open position, and the receiver also constructed with stops near the barrel and above the forward end of the carrier, substantially as described.

2. The combination, in a fire-arm, of a longitudinally reciprocating breech piece, a trigger-guard lever having an arm extending upward and forward into the receiver and pivoted to the breech-piece near its forward ICO ITOv

end, one or more vertically-movable bolts arranged in the receiver and adapted to engage the breech-piece in its closed position, said bolts in slottedconnection Withthe said lever in rear of its pivot end, a longitudinallymovable firing-piu arranged in the breechpiece, a sear hung in the lever near its pivot end and extending rearward, provided with a spring adapted to force the nose of the scar into engagement with the cocking-shoulder of the firing-pin, and a trigger also hung in the said lever, with anger extending upwa-rd and adapted to bear upon the said sear to turn it from its engagement with the firingpin, substantially as described.

3. A magazine lire-arm having a longitudinally-reciprocating breech-piece, the combination therewith of a box-magazine adapted to contain several cartridges, one above an# other, the said magazine .arranged in the receiver forward of the rear end of the barrel, the said magazine opening rearwardly into the receiver in rear of the rear end of the barrel, the said breech-piece being adapted to engage the head of a cartridge presented to the receiver through said opening and withdraw the said cartridge therefrom in the opening movement of the breech-piece, with mechanism, substantially such as described, to receive the said cartridge so drawn from the magazine and present the same forward of the front end of the breech-pierce, substantially as described.

4. ln a magazine fire-arm having a longitudinally-reciprocatin g breech-piece, the combination therewith of a removable box-magazine' substantially closed' upon all sides, but open at the rear end at the upper edge, the receiver constructed with a recess at its forward end and below the barrel corresponding to and adapted to receive that portion of the magazine in which the said openingis formed, the said recess opening rearward into the receiver and so as to present the head of a car- 'through the said opening in the magazine and withdraw the said cartridge in the opening movement of the breech-piece, substantially as described.

5. A box-magazine for fre=arms, having a spring-follower hung upon one side of -the magazine and so as to swing in the plane of the magazine, the follower extending along the side of the magazine, to which it is hung and turned transversely across, so as to stand below the column of cartridges in the magazine, while the cartridges themselves may pass down between the said follower and the opposite side of the magazine, substantially as described.

6. AboX-magazine for lire-arms, closed upon all sides, but constructed with an opening at the rear end and at the upperedge of the magazine, the two sides of the magazine constructed with an'inwardly-projecting rib forming a vertical groove upon the inside of the magazine at the rear end and with which grooves the said opening communicates, combined with a spring-follower adapted to support the column of cartridges and successively force them toward said opening and so as to successively present the heads of the cartridges to the said opening, substantially as described.

. In testimony whereof we'have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

JOHN M. BRO\VNING. MATTHEV S. BROWNING.-

Witnesses:

W. G. WRIGHT, T. F. BROWNING,

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474975A (en) * 1944-05-11 1949-07-05 United Shoe Machinery Corp Gun-loading mechanism
US2710476A (en) * 1946-06-06 1955-06-14 John C Garand Magazine latching system
US4805333A (en) * 1986-06-04 1989-02-21 Luigi Franchi S.P.A. Pack-type clip for shotgun cartridges
US20040200110A1 (en) * 2001-05-24 2004-10-14 Greenhut Paul M. Cartridge chambering system for firearms
US20110099869A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Bentley James K Dynamic magazine latch
US8061255B1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2011-11-22 Arne Bengt Boberg Firearm with cartridge pick-and-place mechanism
US8104209B1 (en) 2011-02-03 2012-01-31 Krow Innovation, Inc. Dynamic latch for a tube mounted magazine well
US20120066950A1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2012-03-22 Davidson Michael J Double Stack Box Magazine for Rimmed Cartridges of Varying Length

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474975A (en) * 1944-05-11 1949-07-05 United Shoe Machinery Corp Gun-loading mechanism
US2710476A (en) * 1946-06-06 1955-06-14 John C Garand Magazine latching system
US4805333A (en) * 1986-06-04 1989-02-21 Luigi Franchi S.P.A. Pack-type clip for shotgun cartridges
US20040200110A1 (en) * 2001-05-24 2004-10-14 Greenhut Paul M. Cartridge chambering system for firearms
US6898888B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2005-05-31 Paul M. Greenhut Cartridge chambering system for firearms
US8061255B1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2011-11-22 Arne Bengt Boberg Firearm with cartridge pick-and-place mechanism
US20110099869A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Bentley James K Dynamic magazine latch
US8122632B2 (en) * 2009-11-05 2012-02-28 Krow Innovation, Llc Dynamic magazine latch
US20120066950A1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2012-03-22 Davidson Michael J Double Stack Box Magazine for Rimmed Cartridges of Varying Length
US8448364B2 (en) * 2010-09-17 2013-05-28 Michael J. Davidson Double stack box magazine for rimmed cartridges of varying length
US8104209B1 (en) 2011-02-03 2012-01-31 Krow Innovation, Inc. Dynamic latch for a tube mounted magazine well
US8667723B2 (en) 2011-02-03 2014-03-11 Krow Innovation, Llc Dynamic latch for a tube mounted magazine well

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