US464301A - Resilient spiral washer and maksng of the same - Google Patents

Resilient spiral washer and maksng of the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US464301A
US464301A US464301DA US464301A US 464301 A US464301 A US 464301A US 464301D A US464301D A US 464301DA US 464301 A US464301 A US 464301A
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teeth
washer
spiral
rod
fig
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B39/00Locking of screws, bolts or nuts
    • F16B39/22Locking of screws, bolts or nuts in which the locking takes place during screwing down or tightening
    • F16B39/24Locking of screws, bolts or nuts in which the locking takes place during screwing down or tightening by means of washers, spring washers, or resilient plates that lock against the object
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/955Locked bolthead or nut
    • Y10S411/956Automatic base clutch
    • Y10S411/957Biting tooth
    • Y10S411/958Coiled washer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/955Locked bolthead or nut
    • Y10S411/974Side lock
    • Y10S411/979Resilient
    • Y10S411/98Automatic
    • Y10S411/981Coiled washer

Description

(No Model.)

' H. A. HARVEY; RESILIENT SPIRAL WASHER AND MAKING OF THE SAME. No. 464,301. Patented Dec. 1, 1891.

Fries.

l-lAY't ARD A. HARVEY, GF ORANGE, NEW JERSEY.-

RESIL-lENT SPIRAL WASHER AND MAKlNG OF THE SAME.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 464,301, dated December 1, 1891.

Application filed September 16, 1391- Serial No. 405,886. (No model.)

To all wlwm. it may concern.-

Be it known that I, HAYWARD A. HARVEY, of Orange, New Jersey, have invented certain lmprovementsin Resilient Spiral Vvashers and in the Art of Manufacturing the Same, of which the following is a specification.

This invention embraces a resilient spiral washer the peculiarity of which is that it is provided with ratchet-shaped teeth which may or may not be notched and which extend at intervals across either or both of its faces in directions which are approximately tangential toa circle of nearly the same diameter as the inside diameter of the spiral.

The invention also embraces the method of manufacturing such 'washers, which consists in first rolling the rod of which the washers are to be made in rolls, the last pass of which is adapted to form teeth of the desired shape, extending at intervals diagonallyacross one or both sides of the rod; secondly, in so winding the rod spirally that when its convolutions are severed from each other to form washers the teeth will be presented upon one face or upon both faces'of each washer, as the case may be, and, finally, in hardening and tempering the washers in the usual manner.

The accompanying drawings illustrating the invention are as follows.

Figure l is an isometrical perspective of a portion of a quadrangular bar of steel having formed diagonally across two of its sides series of ratchet-shaped teeth. Fig. 2 is an isometrical perspective of a portion of a bar, illustrating a modification in which the middle portion of each diagonal tooth is hollowed out, thus leaving two pointed teeth, respectively, at-the oppps'ite edges of the bar. Fig. 3 is an elevation of a spiral washer made from a quadrangular barlike that represented in Fig. 1. Fig. 4. is a face view of the washer represented in elevation in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section of a bolt and nut, showing the application of the washer.

The washera represented in the drawings is composed of a single convolution of a spiral of suitable pitch, provided with a series I) of ratchet-shaped teeth upon that one of its faces intended for impact against the nut c, and with a similar series I) of ratchwashers are to be made.

et-shapcd teeth upon that one of its faces intended for impact against the object (I, through which the bolt e is inserted. The teeth are originally formed in the final pass of the rolls which roll the rod A of which the As will be seen on referring to Fig. 1, the teeth are at first straight and extend diagonally across the rod. When two series of teeth are employed, the

- diagonal direction of the series B upon one face of the rod A is opposite the diagonal direction of the series B upon the other face of the rod A. The effect of winding the bar A is to upset themetal upon the concave side and to elongate it upon the convex side. This transforms the straight ratchet or chisel shaped teeth originally formed upon the bar A into the curved ratchet or gouge shaped teeth represented in Fig. 4.

In use the nut when being screwed home draws from the heels toward the apices of the teeth and compresses all parts of the spiral washer into the same-plane. The unscrewing of the nut is resisted by the apices of the teeth, which, by the resilience of the washer, are given a' tendency to forcibly impinge theface-of the washer with which they are in contact. As the unscrewing operation continues, the teeth I), owing to their tangen-.

tial position, deliver a drawing cut upon the face of the nut. Similarly, if the washer partakes of the unscrewing rotary movement of the nut, the teeth I) tend to impinge into and deliver a drawing out upon the face of the object at, through which the bolt is inserted. These tendencies effectually prevent the nut from being jarred loose after it has been screwed home upon the washer.

While it is to be understood that the in-- vention is present if either face of the washer is provided with the described teeth, it is preferred to provide the described teeth upon both faces of the washer. derstood that while the teeth may he hollowed out or notched, as illustrated in Fig. 2, without departing from the invention, it is'preferred to make them of uniform height from end to end, as illustrated in the other figures.

iVhat is claimed as the invention is- 1. A resilient spiral washer provided with It is also to be un--.

ratchet-shaped teeth extending at intervals across one or both of its faces in directions approximately tangential to a circle of nearly the same diameter as the inside diameter of the spiral 2. The method of manufacturing the hereindescribed spire Washer, which consists in rolling diagonal ratchet-shaped teeth 11 pen the 1 rod from which the washers are to be made, and then Winding the rod spirally, as set forth, to and severing, hardening, and tempering the convolutions of the spiral in the usual manner.

HAYWARD A. HARVEY. Witnesses:

E. GATTERER, M. L. ADAMS.

US464301A Resilient spiral washer and maksng of the same Expired - Lifetime US464301A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2778399A (en) * 1953-04-24 1957-01-22 Edward L Mroz Washer having biting teeth on inner and outer periphery thereof
US3077218A (en) * 1958-09-02 1963-02-12 Schnorr Adolf Kg Dish-spring lock-washers
US5195756A (en) * 1991-05-20 1993-03-23 Electric Power Research Institute Live-load device
US6059501A (en) * 1997-10-10 2000-05-09 Van Dyke; Peter F. Locking ring device
US20030038014A1 (en) * 2001-08-21 2003-02-27 Kazuo Itoh Fastening structure and mounting structure
US7465135B2 (en) 2003-11-14 2008-12-16 Maclean-Fogg Company U-Nut fastening assembly
US8011866B2 (en) 2001-08-20 2011-09-06 Maclean-Fogg Company Locking fastener assembly

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2778399A (en) * 1953-04-24 1957-01-22 Edward L Mroz Washer having biting teeth on inner and outer periphery thereof
US3077218A (en) * 1958-09-02 1963-02-12 Schnorr Adolf Kg Dish-spring lock-washers
US5195756A (en) * 1991-05-20 1993-03-23 Electric Power Research Institute Live-load device
US6059501A (en) * 1997-10-10 2000-05-09 Van Dyke; Peter F. Locking ring device
US8011866B2 (en) 2001-08-20 2011-09-06 Maclean-Fogg Company Locking fastener assembly
US20030038014A1 (en) * 2001-08-21 2003-02-27 Kazuo Itoh Fastening structure and mounting structure
US6726003B2 (en) * 2001-08-21 2004-04-27 Itoh Electric Company Limited Fastening structure and mounting structure
US7465135B2 (en) 2003-11-14 2008-12-16 Maclean-Fogg Company U-Nut fastening assembly

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