US453092A - Tram-engine - Google Patents

Tram-engine Download PDF


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US453092A US453092DA US453092A US 453092 A US453092 A US 453092A US 453092D A US453092D A US 453092DA US 453092 A US453092 A US 453092A
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    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/26Mounting or securing axle-boxes in vehicle or bogie underframes
    • B61F5/30Axle-boxes mounted for movement under spring control in vehicle or bogie underframes
    • B61F5/36Arrangements for equalising or adjusting the load on wheels or springs, e.g. yokes


(No Model.)



Patented May 26, 1891.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 453,092, dated May 26, 1891. Application filed September 13, 1890. Serial No. 364,821. (No model.)

To Cl/ZZ whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, WALTER DE SANNO, of Corry, in the county of Erie and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and Improved 'l`ram-l`.ngine, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

My invention relates to improvements in that class of tram-engines which are operated by driving-chains, andthe object of my invention is to producea train-engine of simple construction in which the counter-shaft from which power is taken to turn the drivingaxles is on a horizontal line with said driving-axles, thereby avoiding all strain on the driving-chains when the wheels drop into low places on the track; and a further object of the invention is to arrange the equalizingbars which support the engine in such a manner that the Weight of the engine will be equally distributed on the driving-wheels regardless of the condition of the track.

To this end my invention consists in certain features of construction and combinations of parts, which will be hereinafter fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specication, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding1 parts in all the figures.

Figure l is a vertical longitudinal section of the engine, taken on the line l lin Fig. 2, and showing the main portion of the samein side elevation. Fig. 2 is an inverted plan o f the same with a portion broken away to show the bifurcated jaws which carry the aXleboxes, and Fig. 3 is a vertical cross-section on the line 3 3 of Fig. l.

rlhe horizontal frame A is mounted upon' suitable wheels, as described below, and carries a boiler B, having a suitable tank B', and mounted on the frame in front of the boiler are the cylinders C, which are iixed to the support C', said support resting on the bed D, which is supported in the frame A.

My invention relates chiefly to the driving mechanism and the equalizing devices, as described below, and I have not shown the driving-engine and cylinders in detail, as any approved form of driving-engine may be used.

`On the under portion of the frame A and on each side is bolted a longitudinal strip E, and a brace F extends longitudinally beneath and parallel with each strip E, the braces F being bent at thc ends to connect with the strips E, as best shown in Fig. l. Arranged at equal distances between the strips E and the braces F are the vertical jaws G, which carry the drivin g-boxes ll, the said jaws being bifurcated to permit the boxes H to move vertically therein and to permit the equalizing-yokes to pass through them, as described below.

The engine is provided with suitable driving-wheels J, there being three on each side, and the driving-wh eels are provided with suitable aXles J', which turn in the axle-boxes H. The forward portion of the frame A', which extends in front of the driving-wheels, is supported by a suitable truck K, the truckwheels having flanges thereon and the rear driving wheels being also provided with flanges, but the other drivers have no flanges. In a light engine the truck K may be dispensed with. Each of the driving-axles J' has a sprocketwheel j iixed thereto, the sprocket-wheels being arranged in such a ina-nner that they will not align, and each of the sprocket-wheels is connected by a chain L' with a sprocket-wheel L, which is fixed to the counter-shaft M, there being a sprocketwheel on the counter-shaft for each chain. The counter-shaft M is mounted in suitable hangers M', which are supported in front of the driving-wheels and between the strip E and the braces F. The coun ter-shaft M aligns horizontally with the main driving-axles J', so as to get a straight pull thereon, and aligns vertically with the cylinders C. The shaft M is provided at equal distances from the center with gear-wheelsm, and pivoted in the bed D above the shaft M and in vertical alignment therewith are the crank-shafts N, the cranks N' of the crank-shafts connecting with the cylinder-pistons by connecting-rods O in the usual manner. The crank-shaftsN are each provided with a gear-wheel n, which meshes with a gear-wheel m on the shaft N, and it will be seen that the cranks N' may be placed at a desired angle to each other by means of the connecting gear-wheels m and n.

On each side of the engine are two equalizing-bars P, having vertical standards P', which work-'7.'. e., slide-in cases or sockets Q., containing spiral springs Q', against which ICO the Said standards act with a force corrc sponding to the load carried by the car. The ends of the equalizing-bars l are pivotally connected by means ot the links p with the yokes R, which ride upon the axle-boxes Il, said yokes having centrally thereon the depending projections r, which rest upon the axle-boxes, and the yokes R extend through the bifuroated jaws G, and are thereby prero vented from moving laterally. The extreme front ends of the forward yokes R and the extreme rear ends of thel rear yokes R are pivoted to the rods S, which extend downward through the braces F and are provided at their lower ends with suitable nuts s, heavy rubber washers T being interposed -between the nuts and the braces, so as to allow a limited vertical movement to the rods S; but it is obvious that instead of using the rubber zo washers spring-washers might be substituted with the same effect.

The engine operates as follows: Then the pistons in the cylinders O are moved, the motion is transmitted to the crank-shafts N,and

z 5 from them by means of the gear-wheels m and nl to the counter-shaft M, from which the power is transmitted by the sprocket-wheel L to the drivingaxles J', thus turning the axles and propelling the engine, and it will 3o be observed that the equaliZing-bars and the connecting-yokes support the weight of the main frame, and as said parts are pivotally connected together and have a yielding conneetion with the braces F, as shown, the

3 5 weight of the main frame will be distributed throughout the various equalizing-bars and yokes. It will also be observed that as the counter-shaft M aligns with the driving-axles J' a direct pull is obtained,and the strain on 4o the chains is not increased by the variation in position of the wheels.

I have shown the engine provided with six driving-wheels; but it is obvious that a greater or less number may be used by providing a greater number of driving sprockets and equalizing-bars. It will be seen, also, that a great advantage is obtained by having two crank-shafts instead of one double crank shaft, as in the ordinary chain-driven engine, as the crank-shafts will be less likely to be cramped, and iE one is disabled the engine may be propelled by means of the other.l

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patentl. A tram-engine having suitable driving wheels and axles, a counter-shaft horizontally aligningiwith the axles, a sprocket-wheel connection between the counter-shaft and the axles, two crank-shafts journaled above the counter-shatt and connected therewith by a gear mechanism, and a suitable engine for operating the crank-shafts, substantially as described.

2. The combination, with the frame, the pairs of vertical jaws G, and the jou rnal-boxes movable verticallyA therein, of boxes Q between the pairs of jaws, vertically-sliding spring-seated standards P', working therein and having the equalizingbars P on their lower ends, a yoke R, crossing each box and having a central bearingpoint r thereon, links p, connecting the adjacent ends of the bars and yokes, and rods S, depending from the outer ends of the end yokes and having a yielding connection with a brace on the frame, substantially as set forth.

3. The combination, with the frame, the pairs of vertical jaws, each slotted longitudinally, and a box sliding between each pair of jaws, of a single yoke passing through and working in the slots of each pair ot jaws above the boxes and having central bearings r on the boxes, the boxes Q, the spring-seated standards P', workin g therein, the equalizingbars P, carried by the standards, links connecting the adjacent ends ot the bars and yokes, and rods S, depending from the outer ends of the end yokes and yieldingly con nected at their lower ends with a framebrace, substantially as set forth.




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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040012946A1 (en) * 1995-06-27 2004-01-22 Parker Jeffery R. Light emitting panel assemblies
US20050072032A1 (en) * 1995-06-27 2005-04-07 Mccollum Timothy A. Light emitting panel assemblies

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040012946A1 (en) * 1995-06-27 2004-01-22 Parker Jeffery R. Light emitting panel assemblies
US20050072032A1 (en) * 1995-06-27 2005-04-07 Mccollum Timothy A. Light emitting panel assemblies

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