US45248A - Improved self-acting pulley-brake - Google Patents

Improved self-acting pulley-brake Download PDF

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US45248A
US45248A US45248DA US45248A US 45248 A US45248 A US 45248A US 45248D A US45248D A US 45248DA US 45248 A US45248 A US 45248A
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brake
pulley
block
sheave
improved self
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D41/00Freewheels or freewheel clutches
    • F16D41/06Freewheels or freewheel clutches with intermediate wedging coupling members between an inner and an outer surface
    • F16D41/064Freewheels or freewheel clutches with intermediate wedging coupling members between an inner and an outer surface the intermediate members wedging by rolling and having a circular cross-section, e.g. balls
    • F16D41/066Freewheels or freewheel clutches with intermediate wedging coupling members between an inner and an outer surface the intermediate members wedging by rolling and having a circular cross-section, e.g. balls all members having the same size and only one of the two surfaces being cylindrical
    • F16D41/067Freewheels or freewheel clutches with intermediate wedging coupling members between an inner and an outer surface the intermediate members wedging by rolling and having a circular cross-section, e.g. balls all members having the same size and only one of the two surfaces being cylindrical and the members being distributed by a separate cage encircling the axis of rotation

Description

Nrrnn STATns Barnier Orthop.
JOHN JOOHUM, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
lMPFtOVED SELF-ACTING PULLEY-BRAKE.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. dllLQ/ll@ dated November 29, 1864.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN JocHUM, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a new' and Improved Self-Acting Pulley-Brake; and l do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable others skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in Which- Figure l represents a longitudinal vertical section of my invention, the line zt,- Fig. 9, indicating theplane of section. Fig.2 is an end elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a detached view of the brake.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts.
This invention consistin combining with au ordinary pulley-block a spherical brake attached to a spring, and applied between the sheave andthe body of the block in such a manner that the said sheave is allowed to turn freely in one direction, butprevented from revolving in the opposite direction, and that a pulley-block is obtained of a convenience much superior to that of the ordinary pulley-block in hoisting, shortening sail, or other similar operations with a triling increase in the cost of the block.
A represents the body of a pulley-block, which is made of wood or any other suitable material, and suspended from the rope B in the usual manner. This block forms the bearings for the axle C of the sheave D, the circumference of which is grooved to form a secure guide for the rope passing over it in the usual manner.
My self-acting brake consists of a spherical wedge, E, which is secured to a spring, F, and placed between the circumference of the sheave and the body of the block, as clearly shown in the drawings. The spring F is so adjusted that it pulls the wedge E gently between the sheave and the block, and it is fastened to the block by a hook, a, catching round a screw, b, so that it can be easily unhooked whenever it may be desirable to remove the brake.
If the sheave rotates in the direction of the arrow marked on it in Fig. 1 the wedge is pushed out, and the motion of the sheave takes with an imperceptible obstruction; but if an attempt is made to turn the sheave in the direction opposite to the arrow marked on it the wedge E is drawn in between its circumference and the body of the block, and the sheave is not allowed to move. The great advantage of this arrangement for pulleyblocks is apparent. In hoisting a heavy weight with an ordinary pulley-block, half the labor consists in holding` onto the rope until a fresh hold can be taken, and if two men should be perfectly able to raise the weight, at least one, but generally two other men are needed to accomplish the operation of the hoisting. With my pulley-block this extra number of men can be dispensed with. If two men are able to raise a weight, they can also hoist it readily, because the weight, once raised,is not allowed to turn back, except if the rope is made to slide over the sheave.
' In lowering a weight my pulley-block has also great advantages. The sheave not being allowed to turn back, causes the rope to glide over its circumference, and one man is enabled to lower a comparatively heavy weight with little exertion. This pulley-block is ot' particular advantage on board of vessels for all operations connected with raising or lowering the sails, and for any other hoisting operation.
I am Well aware that a spherical brake is in use on sewing-machines to prevent the main shaft of the same being turned in the wrong direction 5 but the application of such a brake to a nautical pulley-block requires a special contrivance to adapt it to act with promptness and effect in all positions of the block.
I do not claim, broadly, the use ot' a ball as a brake for pulleys 5 but I claim- As a new article of manufacture, a nautical self-acting brake-pulley, to be suspended by a rope, B, and consisting of the body A, shaft U, sheave D, ball E, and spring F, all constructed, arranged, and operating as and for the purposes herein speciiied.
JOHN JOCHUM.
Witnesses:
JAMES P. HALL, WM. F. MCNAMARA.
US45248D Improved self-acting pulley-brake Expired - Lifetime US45248A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3482667A (en) * 1967-10-30 1969-12-09 Borg Warner One way clutch
US3711154A (en) * 1971-09-07 1973-01-16 Amerola Prod Corp Body restraining means

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3482667A (en) * 1967-10-30 1969-12-09 Borg Warner One way clutch
US3711154A (en) * 1971-09-07 1973-01-16 Amerola Prod Corp Body restraining means

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