US447291A - blades - Google Patents

blades Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US447291A
US447291A US447291DA US447291A US 447291 A US447291 A US 447291A US 447291D A US447291D A US 447291DA US 447291 A US447291 A US 447291A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
current
motor
switch
armature
terminal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US447291A publication Critical patent/US447291A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02PCONTROL OR REGULATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS, ELECTRIC GENERATORS OR DYNAMO-ELECTRIC CONVERTERS; CONTROLLING TRANSFORMERS, REACTORS OR CHOKE COILS
    • H02P7/00Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors
    • H02P7/06Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current
    • H02P7/18Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current by master control with auxiliary power
    • H02P7/24Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current by master control with auxiliary power using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices
    • H02P7/28Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current by master control with auxiliary power using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices using semiconductor devices
    • H02P7/285Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current by master control with auxiliary power using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices using semiconductor devices controlling armature supply only
    • H02P7/292Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current by master control with auxiliary power using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices using semiconductor devices controlling armature supply only using static converters, e.g. AC to DC
    • H02P7/293Arrangements for regulating or controlling the speed or torque of electric DC motors for regulating or controlling an individual dc dynamo-electric motor by varying field or armature current by master control with auxiliary power using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices using semiconductor devices controlling armature supply only using static converters, e.g. AC to DC using phase control

Description

(No Model.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 1. H. H. BLADES. ELECTRIC DENTAL MOTOR. No. 447,291.
Patented Mar. 3,1891.
WITNESSES I JV VEJV T O R 5 WfT Q Attorney 00., monruTHu, wAsms-smn (NoModeL) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. H. H. BLADES.
ELECTRIC DENTAL MOTOR.
No. 447,291. Patented Mar. 3,1891.
Main,
WHWE-SSES- [firm 7051a UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HARRY ll. BLADES, OF DETROIT, MICHIQAN, ASSIGNOR TO THE DETROIT MOT R COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
ELECTRIC DENTAL MOTOR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 447,291, dated March 3, 1891.
Application filcd Maroh 23, 1888. Serial No. 268,22. (No model.)
To aZZ whom may concern.-
l3e it known that LHARRY ll. BLADES, a citizen of the United States, residing at De troit, in the county of XVa-yne and State of Michigan, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Electric Dental Motors; and I declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form apart of this specification.
In the drawings, Figure l is a partial diagrammatic view illustrating my invention. Fig. 2 is a separate view illustrating more particularlythe mechanism at the hand-hold. Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view showing more clearly the motor and resistance-coils in circuit. Fig. i is also adiagrammatic view illu trating a modification of the circuits.
This invention relates more particularly to means for governing the operation of the motor-that is to say, means for manipulating the current bymechanism located at the hand-hold at the end of the flexible shaft.
It is well known, especially in dentists work, that the operator is usually, and in fact almost invariably, obliged to use his left hand while he is holding and manipulating the tool at the end of the flexible shaft of his motor. It becomes, therefore, of importance that he shall be able to manipulate the current whereby his motor is propelled, and that he should do this with the same hand whereby he manipulates his tool. This I acc0mplish by providing at the handle or handheld a switch mechanism provided with con-- ductors leading therefrom to the necessary resistance-regulator or other appliances for governing the current, and I would have it understood that this switch mechanism may either be arranged to govern the turning on or turning off of the current, and also the regulation of the amount that may pass through the motor, or it may simply be ar ranged to govern the resistance regulator, or the terminals may be arranged so that the switchinayaccomplishotherdesirableobjects. In the example illustrated there is provided a switch adapted to govern the amount of re sistance, and in connection therewith adapted to short-circuit the armature, and also adapted to reverse the current through the armature. These three conditions enable the operator to hold his motor inert while the current is still passing through the fields. This he accomplishes byshort-circuiting his armature. So, also, he is enabled to admit more or less current through the motor through the medium of his contacts for governing the resistanceregulator. He is also enabled to reverse the motion of his motor and tool if it should be desirable. lie is also enabled to quickly stop his motor when in rapid motion by first reversing the current, and then as the motor comes to rest throwing the switch into the position to short-circuit the armature.
In carrying out my invention, A A represent the fields, and B the armature, of a dental motor.
C represents a resistance-regulator provided with terminals 0 o c", &c.
D represents a switch. It isprovided with terminals (Z (Z (Z (Z d, the; also, with the terminals D D E and E are fixed contacts over which the switch-terminals may slide.
F F represent the main circuit leading to and from the motor.
a a a a to represent the circuits from one of the fields through the resistance-regulator to the terminals of the switch.
l) b represent circuits connecting the armature with the fixed contacts E E.
IF and b represent circuits, connected as shown,and employed, as will be hereinafter described, for short-circuitingthe armature or reversing its motion.
a and a represent the circuits which return to the other field before passing off on the main line. I
The operation of this device will now be understood. iVhen the switch is in the position shown in the drawings, the current, en tering on the main line, will pass through the field A, thence through a and through the resistance-regulator, taking in all the resistances, thence off through 0; to the terminal d. The fixed contact E rests upon both the terminals (land at. Thecurrent therefore passing through this fixed contact to the terminal d might thence pass down through Z) and through the armature, but this would afford resistance which it may avoid by taking the short circuit through 13 to the terminal (Z thence by a through the other field a and off on the line, leaving the armature shortcircuited, and consequently leaving the motor inert, although the current is maintained through the fields. Now when the operator desires to start his motor slowly or with a small amount of current, he slides the switch D slightly backward with his finger. This brings the terminal d fully onto the fixed contact E and off from the contact cl, the current entering from the main line through a, and all the resistance now passes through a to the terminal cl, then through E and b to the armature, thence back along I) to the fixed contact E, thence through D and off along a and a through the other field A and off on the line. In the same way he may throw out successively. one or more of the resistances by bringing his switch back so that the fixed contact E may rest upon the corresponding contact (1 (1 or d. It is apparent that when the terminal d is brought onto the contact E the machine will take all of the current, for the current passing through the field A and along a to the resistance regulator will pass off directly through a to the terminal at, thence off through the fixed cont-act E through I), the armature B b, the fixed contact E, the terminal D, and thence through a and Ct tnd the other field A off on the line. Now suppose the operator desires to reverse the direction of his current in the armature, either to stop the machine or to reverse the direction of his tool. He brings the switch D so that the terminal (1 shall rest on the fixed contact E and the terminal D shall rest on the fixed contact E. The current then from the main line passing through a a to the contact at will pass thence through 11 to the terminal D The current will then pass through E down through I) and through the armature B in the reverse direction, thence through 1') to the fixed contact E and terminal d, thence down through a. and A off on the line. If the operator has thus reversed the current so that it shall serve as a brake to quickly stop his motor, he maintains the switch in the position last described until the motion ceases. He then simply releases the switch D, and the spring D then instantly throws the switch forward to its first position, leaving the parts in the position shown in the drawings. This,
as before explained, short-circuits the armature and the motor stands at rest. Of course the reversal of the current through the fields, as shown in Fig. 4, would accomplish the same purpose as reversing the current through the armature, and would require but a slight and obvious readjustment of the circuits, and I would have it understood that my invention contemplates such a change without departin g therefrom.
What I claim is In an electric dental motor, the combination of the hand-hold, a longitudinally-sliding switch D, located on said hand-hold, a series of terminals carried by said switch, the fixed contacts E E, a regulator C, comprising a series of resistances, circuit-connections, substantially as described, whereby the inotor is adapted to be variably energized or reversed at will, and a spring for normally throwing the switch into position to shortcircuit the current, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I sign this specification in the presence of two witnesses.
HARRY II. BLADES. Witnesses:
M. B. ODoGHEnTY, SAMUEL E. THOMAS.
US447291D blades Expired - Lifetime US447291A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US447291A true US447291A (en) 1891-03-03

Family

ID=2516179

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US447291D Expired - Lifetime US447291A (en) blades

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US447291A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2492549A (en) * 1946-08-30 1949-12-27 Weber Dental Mfg Co Electrical control device
US2840673A (en) * 1953-11-02 1958-06-24 Edward F Burton Flexible shaft power tool

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2492549A (en) * 1946-08-30 1949-12-27 Weber Dental Mfg Co Electrical control device
US2840673A (en) * 1953-11-02 1958-06-24 Edward F Burton Flexible shaft power tool

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US447291A (en) blades
US513213A (en) Electric-motor controlling device
US696017A (en) Controller for electric motors.
US806735A (en) Electric controlling and reversing switch.
US396725A (en) Device for controlling electric motors
US385259A (en) piske
US381228A (en) Bradley a
US432644A (en) Current and switch controlling mechanism
US1245264A (en) Controlling means for electric vehicles.
US710045A (en) Electrical steering-gear.
US452423A (en) Controlling device for electric motors
US817031A (en) Controller.
US541544A (en) Electric motor
US799035A (en) Reversing mechanism for motors.
US692870A (en) Controller for automobile vehicles.
US760289A (en) Electrical apparatus for working reciprocating tools.
US662375A (en) Multiple-voltage controller.
US462369A (en) Controlling device for electric motors
US492456A (en) Switch for operating shunt-wound electric motors
US791885A (en) Controller for electric motors.
US411551A (en) Regulator for shunt-wound dynamos or other electrical apparatus
US397773A (en) Regulating-switch for electric motors
US936577A (en) Electrical controlling means for planers and other machines.
US1282017A (en) Motor-control system.
US535511A (en) Electrical controller