US428313A - Vehicle-wheel - Google Patents

Vehicle-wheel Download PDF

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US428313A
US428313A US428313DA US428313A US 428313 A US428313 A US 428313A US 428313D A US428313D A US 428313DA US 428313 A US428313 A US 428313A
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washer
notched
spokes
extensions
wheel
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B1/00Spoked wheels; Spokes thereof
    • B60B1/02Wheels with wire or other tension spokes
    • B60B1/04Attaching spokes to rim or hub
    • B60B1/042Attaching spokes to hub

Description

(No Model.)
A. L. H. MESSMBR 8a 0. H. LUTHMAN. VEHICLE WHEEL.
Patented May 20, 18-90.
nv vavm ATTORNEY WITNESSES:
u., PNcYo-umo,, WASHINGTON o c UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE.
ALEXANDER L. H. MES SMER AND CHARLES HERMANN LUTHMAN, OF HAMMOND, INDIANA.
VEHICLE-WHEEL.
SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent No. 428,313, dated May 20, 1890.
Application filed December 26, 1889. Serial No. 335,076. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that we, ALEXANDER L. H. MEssMER and CHARLES HERMANN LUTHMAN, citizens of the United States of America, both residing at Hammond, in the county of Lake and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Vehicle-v Wheels; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
Our invent-ion relates to improvements in vehicle-wheels of that class in which a cen tral cylindrical box has attached to its opposite extremities meanssuch as will be hereinafter shown and described-for securing to each of said extremities a separate set of radiating spokes, which spokes, in awell-known manner, as they radiate, incline toward a central plane intermediate between said extremities of said box and cutting the axial line thereof at right angles thereto; and the object of our invention is to provide simple and effectives means for securing said spokes in such position.
The type of spokes which we employ, and which is in all particulars, except the bend at its lower extremity, common to this class of wheels, is made of wire, each piece being bent to form two integral spokes. IVe make no claim to any improvement in attaching said spokes to the exterior rim of the wheel,
'our invention consisting only in means for securing the said spokes to the journal-box.
IVe attain our object by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 represents the inner extremities of two integral spokes. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a plain notched washer provided with radiating-extensions. Figs. 3 and 4 represent the same washer shown in Fig. 2, except that in these figures it is bent more nearly into finished form. Fig. 5 is a side elevation of a washer formed with a sand-band extension upon one of its vertical fiat sides. This band is preferably formed as an integral part thereof, but may be formed separately and attached thereto without chang ing the nature of our invention. Fig. 6 is a vertical section of 'the washer shown in Fig. 5, this view taken 011 line A, Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a vertical section of one end'of a completed hub, taken on line B, Fig. 9. Fig. Sis a vertical section of one end of a completed hub, taken on line C, Fig. 9. Fig. 9 is a side elevation of a finished hub as viewed in the direction of the arrow D Fig. 7. Fig. 10 is a vertical edge View of the finished wheel with the outer rim attached.
Similarletters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
Referring to the drawings, E is a plain notched washer, being suitably perforated to fit over the sand-band F. (Shown in Figs. 6, '7, and S.) I
In Fig. 4 the radial notch-extensions G are shown partly bent into position. I
IuFig. 3 two of the radial extensions Gare represented as being closed over the bentportion of the spokes H.
In Figs. 5 and 6 are represented a washer I, having a sand-band extension F. This washer I may be castintegrally with the said sand-band, or the sand-band maybe made of a separate piece of metal and joined to the said washer in any convenient manner without changing the nature of our invention.
In Figs. 7 and 8 a tube J is shown having upon one end a hub-section assembled, and in these figures the notched washer E is placed over the sand-band F, and in Fig. 8 the notched extensions G are turned over the bends of the spokes H and pressed into the notches K in the washer I, while the notched extensions G are bent over upon the periphery of the Washer I and into the notches N, as shown in Fig. 7.
In Fig. 9 is shown the finished inner side of a hub-section.
In Fig. l a two-spoke section-pieceflH is shown, having its inner extremity M bent-on a curve around the center L, which center L represents the center of the wheel and its hub, as shown in the several figures.
The assembling of this wheel is as follows: Upon the central tube or journal-box J is tightly placed the washer I with its sandband extension F, over which is placed and held in a concentric position the notched washer E, its notched extensions G having been previously bent over the central bend of the spokes H, when the several parts I, H, and E are securely fastened together by turning the notched extensions G over upon the washer I, as shown in Figs. 7, 9, and 10. It is thus shown that the bent extensions G, besides having the rigidity of their ownmetal to hold the spokes securely, are again re-enforced and strengthened by the radial extensions G being closed over upon the washer I, thus forming a double lock for the spokes. Again, the spoke connection M, by being made in a form to adapt it to more closely fit the periphery of the washer I, between which parts only the bent part of the notched extension G intervenes, renders the wheel far more rigid than most of the old methods of construction, which left the inner side of the bends 0f the spokes unsupported.
Having described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A notched outer washer, a part of the notched extensions of which are adapted to be closed over the inner bend of apair of integral spokes, while other notched extensions of the same washer are adapted to be closed over the periphery of an inner washer and to lock the said spokes to the said inner Washer, in combination with a journal-box, substantially as shown and described.
2-. A journal-box, an inner washer attached near the end thereof, and provided with a sand-band extension, in combination with a notched washer, a part of the notched extensions of which are adapted to be closed upon and to lock the said inner washer itself and a series of bent pairs of spokes together, substantially as shown and described.
3. A journal-box, an inner washer attached near the end thereof, and provided with a sand-band extension, in combination with a notched washer, one series of the notched extensions of which are adapted to be closed upon a series of pairs of bent spokes, locking them to the said notched washer, while another series of the said notched extensions are adapted to be closed over and upon the said inner washer and locking the said spokes and the said notched washer to the said inner washer, substantially as shown and described.
4. In a vehicle-wheel, the combination of an inner washer I, having an outwardly-projecting sand-band extension F, and provided with a series of notches K in its outer edge, with a notched washer E, fitting upon said sand-band extension, a series of double spokes H, the notched extensions G of said notched washer embracing the inner bends M of said double spokes and their tips being seated in said notches K, and means, substantially as described, for securing said washers together, as set forth.
5. In a vehicle-wheel, the combination of an inner washer I, having an outwardly-projecting sand-band extension F, and provided with a series of notches N in its inner edge, with a notched washer E, fitting upon said sand-band extension, the notched extensions G of said notched washer embracing the edge of said inner washer and their tips being seated in said notches N, a series of spokes H, and means, substantially as described, for securing said spokes to said notched washer, as set forth.
6. In a vehicle-wheel, the combination of an inner washer I, having an outwardly-projecting sand-band extension F, and provided with a double series of alternating notches K and N upon its outer and inner edges, respectively, with a notched washer E, fitting upon said sand'band extension, and a series of double spokes H, the notched extensions G of said notched washer embracing the inner bends M of said double spokes and their tips being seated in said outer notches K, and the alternate notched extensions G thereof embracing the edge of the inner washer and their tips being seated in said inner notches N, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof we affix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.
ALEXANDER L. H. MESSMER. CHARLES IIERMANN LU'IHHAN. Witnesses:
THos. HAMMOND, THOMAS E. PHILLIPS.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20160075175A1 (en) * 2014-04-04 2016-03-17 Superpedestrian, Inc. Devices and methods for connecting a spoke to a hub
USD813777S1 (en) 2009-12-04 2018-03-27 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Spokes for a bicycle wheel
US10896474B2 (en) 2014-11-24 2021-01-19 Superpedestrian, Inc. Security for an electrically motorized vehicle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USD813777S1 (en) 2009-12-04 2018-03-27 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Spokes for a bicycle wheel
US20160075175A1 (en) * 2014-04-04 2016-03-17 Superpedestrian, Inc. Devices and methods for connecting a spoke to a hub
US10308065B2 (en) * 2014-04-04 2019-06-04 Superpedestrian, Inc. Devices and methods for connecting a spoke to a hub
US10896474B2 (en) 2014-11-24 2021-01-19 Superpedestrian, Inc. Security for an electrically motorized vehicle

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