US42433A - Improvement in rollers for rolling iron - Google Patents

Improvement in rollers for rolling iron Download PDF

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US42433A
US42433A US42433DA US42433A US 42433 A US42433 A US 42433A US 42433D A US42433D A US 42433DA US 42433 A US42433 A US 42433A
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roll
rolls
ot
end
boxes
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B31/00Rolling stand structures; Mounting, adjusting, or interchanging rolls, roll mountings, or stand frames
    • B21B31/16Adjusting or positioning rolls
    • B21B31/20Adjusting or positioning rolls by moving rolls perpendicularly to roll axis
    • B21B31/32Adjusting or positioning rolls by moving rolls perpendicularly to roll axis by liquid pressure, e.g. hydromechanical adjusting

Description

ANDREW B. CLEMONS, OF DERBY, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND ROYAL M. BASSET'I.

IMPROVEMENT IN ROLLERS FOR ROLLING IRON.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 12.433, dated April 19, 1864.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that l, ANDREW B. CLEMONS, ot' Derby, of the county of New Haven, in the State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machinery for Rolling Tapering Pieces of Metal; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof', reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making p irt of this specitication.

My invention relates to the ordinary mill, consisting of a pair or pairs ot' concentric rolls, (that is, the surfaces ot' which are concentric with the journals,) having their faces grooved or plain, as may be required, and has tor its objects to render this kind of mill capable ot' rolling out strips or pieces of metal ot tapering form, (longitudi'nallyn) and of various tapers and lengths; and to these ends my invention consists in makingone (or both) ot' the rolls ad jusiable relatively to the other, so that the space between the faces ot' the rolls between which the metal to be rolled is passed may be increased or diminished at pleasure during the operation of rolling, by means of mechanism under the control of the operative and independent of the motive power whichdrives the rolls, as will be presently more fully described.

To enable those skilled intheart to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe the construction and operation of my improved mill for rolling tapers, referring by letters to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a side elevation, and Fig. 2 a front elevat-ion, of one of my improved machines. p

A is a suitable frame-work, made in about the usual manner, in which are mounted in suitable boxes two rolls, .C and D, which may be made after any of the known forms to suit the kind of' work to be done. The lower one ot" these rolls, D, has its boxes (in which its journals run) permanently arranged in the frame A. The other roll, C, has its boxes b b arranged so as to be capable-of a vertical movement in said frame, and has them supported (over the boxes of the lower roll) by means of strong spiral or other springs, P, which, as seen at Fig. l, are located between the tops of the boxes of roll D and the lower each of these last-named boxes is hung an anti-friction roll, m, on top of which works a cam, u, fast on a shaft, B, which is hung in suitable bearings formedin stationaryT boxes, a l, arranged in the frame A. One end ot this shat't A is provided with a sectorgear, F, (the hub E of which is keyed fast to said sl1att,) by which said shaft is partially rotated when desired, as will be presently explained. The two rolls C and D are driven in the usual manner by coupling-shafts connecting their journal ends c d with the driving machinery. On one end of roll D or its journal is secured a pinion, J, which drives a gear, I, the shaft or stud M of which projects from the main frame A, and fast to said gear I, and concentric with it, is a pinion, H, which meshes into and drives another pinion, G. This latter is hung loosely on a stud, r, in one end ot" a bar, K, which is hung near its center in the stud M, and which is provided at its other end with a pin or stud, t, on which is pivoted or hung one end ofthe shipper-lever e. The other end of said lever is formed, as seen at Fig. l, with an oblique groove or slot, p, through it, which slot works around a pin, q, which isfastin the block or stand L. Just beyond the inclined slot is attached to shipper e a spring, f, by which the forward end ot' said shipper is lifted when released by the operator.

rIhe operation ot' the machine shown and described in detail is as follows, viz: YVhen it is desired to produce a tapering strip or piece, E the rolls C and D have power applied to themv in the usual way to rotate them, and the end of the heated piece of metal to be rolled out being inserted between the rolls C and D the operator puts his foot on the twisted end ot' shipper-bar e, and depresscs it into the position seen at Fig. l. This causes the arm Kto be vibrated or turned on its center stud, M, until the pinion G comes in mesh with sector F. With this condition of all the parts the rotation of the roll D through the medium of the pinion J causes the gear I to rotate, which carries with it the pinion H, and this latter drives the pinion G, which induces. motion in the sector F. This sector being fast on shaft B, the latter is turned in its bearings, and thereby the cams u are brought to bear against the rolls mi, and operate to force the boxes b b surfaces of boxes Z1 l). In the upper portion ofi (in which are hung` the journals of roll C) downward against the tendency of the springs 'P to keep them always up, and thus the roll C is made to approach nearer to theroll D with a uniform motion, while the two rolls are rotating at uniform and given velocities in their respective boxes or bearings. When the roll C has been depressed to its extent ofmotion, or after the piece being rolled has passed between the rolls, the treadle e is relieved, when the spring flit'ts its forward end, thereby turning the arm K into such a position as to throw the pinion G out of gear with the sector F, when the latter will swing back into the position from which it was turned, carrying with it the shaft B, with its cams u, and thus allowing the boxes b b to be lifted by the springs P, and the roll G restored to its former elevated position. The vibration or descent of the sector F, by its own gravity, is checked by the pin g, which projects from the frame A, and around which the sector works, being formed with a slot, o, through it, for that purpose. While the shipper-bar e is in its normal position the rolls G and D will rotate at uniform velocities, and at a. given and xed distance apart, and the op, eration of straigh t-rollin g is performed by them in the usual and well-known manner.

It is only when it is desired to roll a tapering piece out that the operator depresses the forward end of bar e simultaneously with introducing the heated bar between the rolls C and D, and causes the camshaft to effect the depression of the upper roll, and thus cause the metal being rolled to be uniformly decreased in thickness as it passes through the rolls. It will be understood that by either varying the cam or shifting the gears I and J the extent of taper to the piece rolled will be affected. By changing the gears the rolls will he allowed to make a. greater orless num ber of revolutions, as desired, while the upper roll descends a given distance, thus varying the taper produced.

e It will be seen that with a machine cony structed as shown I am enabled to perform, with equal facility, both tapering and plain rolling, which is a great desideratum in many kinds of manufactures of rolled meta-l.

It will be understood that there are other ways than that shown by which the cams may be brought into and thrown out of action at the will ot the operator, and I do not therefore wish to limit myself to the precise mechanism shown.

I am aware that it has been suggested to roll tapering pieces of metal by means of adjusting one roll relatively to the other while the two were rotating, by means of a former passed between the adjustable roll and an upper stationary roll; but I do not wish my yinvention to b e confounded with any such imf practicable plan.

I am also aware that it has been suggested to roll a taper by means of a cam-like roll; but in such 'a pla-n the surface of the camshaped roll would have a different velocity at each point in its rollingsurlace, while'the cylindrical roll with which it cooperated would have a uniform velocity. throughout its surface, and no such result as that attained by my improved machine could be arrived at by such machinery.

I am aware that machines for rolling tapering pieces of metal have been employed in which a device was embraced for varying the distance between the faces of rotary rolls, having concentric journals, during their rotation; butin all such machines with which I am familiar the mode of operation is different from that in my improved machine.4 v

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

In combination with rolls so arranged as to admit of the distance between their faces being varied, a mechanism, substantially such as described, for operating upon the roll in the manner and for the purpose described.

ANDREW B. CLEMONS.

Witnesses AsAEL DREW, THADDEUS G. Bransnvn.

US42433A Improvement in rollers for rolling iron Expired - Lifetime US42433A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040098216A1 (en) * 2002-11-04 2004-05-20 Jun Ye Method and apparatus for monitoring integrated circuit fabrication
US20110020526A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2011-01-27 Fabbri Bradon J Corn plants and seed enhanced for asparagine and protein
USD817961S1 (en) 2016-06-22 2018-05-15 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Scanner device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040098216A1 (en) * 2002-11-04 2004-05-20 Jun Ye Method and apparatus for monitoring integrated circuit fabrication
US20040162692A1 (en) * 2002-11-04 2004-08-19 Jun Ye Method and apparatus for monitoring integrated circuit fabrication
US20110020526A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2011-01-27 Fabbri Bradon J Corn plants and seed enhanced for asparagine and protein
USD817961S1 (en) 2016-06-22 2018-05-15 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Scanner device

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