US414759A - Phonogram-blank - Google Patents

Phonogram-blank Download PDF

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US414759A
US414759A US414759DA US414759A US 414759 A US414759 A US 414759A US 414759D A US414759D A US 414759DA US 414759 A US414759 A US 414759A
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phonogram
blank
expansion
ebonite
backing
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L9/00Rigid pipes
    • F16L9/14Compound tubes, i.e. made of materials not wholly covered by any one of the preceding groups

Description

(No Model.)

T. A. EDISON. PHONOGRAM BLANK.

No. 414,759. Patented Nov.-1 2, 1889.

WIT 8 E8: INVENTOR N. PETERS. mwulm iw. wmm u. n. v.

U ITED STATES PATENT Fries.

THOMAS ALVA EDISON, OF LLEIVELLYN PARK, NEV JERSEY.

PHONOGRAlVI-BLANK.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 414,7 59, dated November 12, 1889.

Serial No. 304,716. (No model.)

To aZZ whom trim/coy concern.-

Be it known that I, THOMAS ALVA EDISON, of Llewellyn Park, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented a certain .new and useful Improvement in Phonogram- Blanks, (Case No. 830,) of which the following is a specification.

M y invention relates to that character of phonogram-blanks which consist of a base or backing of one material, usually a molded material, and an outer surface or covering of another material, which receives the soundrecord.

In my application, Serial No. 300,514, filed February 16, 1889, I have described a phonogram-blank of the character just referred to, which is designed to obviate some of the defects existing in other phonogram -blanks. In said application this is accomplished by combining with the core or backing of the blank a recording-surface having the same or practically the same coefficient of expansion as the core or backing. Asphalts or bitumens for the core or backing and a coating of metallic soap for the recording-surface are described a the preferable materials to produce the phonogram-blank of said application.

One object of my present invention is to produce a strong, light, and economical core or backing for phonogram-blanks, over the surface of which a thin coating of material to be recorded is placed. This part of myinvention consists in the use for the phonogram core or backing of hard rubber or ebonite, consisting of rubber or allied guns combined with sulphur by heat. This core or backing is coated with a thin surface of a sound-recording material, and the blank thereby produced possesses great strength, is light and economical, and is capable of withstanding rough usage 5 hence musical or other phonographic records or duplicates made on it may be handled or shipped without danger of breaking.

Another object of my invention is to provide the core or backing just referred to, which possesses great strength and abnormal expansion, with a material which shall have the same or substantially the same-coefficient of expansion. I have found that the steal-ates of the metals possess practically the same co efficient of expansion as hard rubber or ebonite, and I propose to combine a stearate of a metal with a core or backing of hard rubher or ebonite to accomplish the object of this part of my invention.

' A third object of myinvention is to equalize any variation in the coefficients of expansion of hard rubber or ebonite and the stearates of the metals. This variation is likely to occur when different makes of hard rubber or ebonite are used, as this material when made by different manufacturers may have different coefficients of expansion. This I accomplish by combining with the stearate of a metal an oleate of a metal, by the use of more or less of which the coefficient of expansion of the stearate may be increased or diminished to correspond with the coefficient of expansion of the particular compound of hard rubber or ebonite used.

I prefer the phonogranrblank to be of the shape of a hollow cylinder with a tapering bore and a true cylindrical outer surface. The backing or core for the blank may be made in any suitable manner or by molding canized india-rubber articles; or a hollow cylinder of the hard rubber or vulcanite may be made of length equal to a number of phonogram-blanks and subsequently cut to size and finished to form. The outer surface of the hard rubber or ebonite should be made rough to cause adherence of the recording-surface to be applied to it. The outer-coating, which is preferably a material having the same or substantially the same coefficient of expansion as a stearate of a metal, but which maybe of any other suitable sound-recording material, is preferably applied by dipping the cylinder into a bath of the melted material. WVhen it is applied in this way, the surface may afterward be made true by turning it off in a suitable lathe after it has become cooled again. Instead of this, however, the external material may be applied by molding, the cylinder being placed in a mold which is slightly larger than the cylinder and the covering material poured into such mold around the cylinder, so that it will adhere thereto and will form a smooth andtrue surface without the necessingly in the usual manner of making vulsity of turning it oft. My experience has been, however, that the first-mentioned method is the less expensive.

\Vhen necessary, as above stated, an oleate ot a metal may be added to the stearate in order to alter its expansion rate, the quantity varying according to the expansion rate required. For instance, if monostearate of soda is used the expansion may be increased by adding to it a small quantity of olcate of alumina. The proportion of the stearate and oleate used must be determined experimentally to suit the particular hard rubber or ebonite used.

The accompanying drawings illustrate a cylindrical phonogram-blank embodying my invention.

Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of the cylinder, and Fig. 2 an end view' thereof.

A is the inner body or core, and B the outer surface of sound-recording material.

\Vhat I claim is- 1. A phonogram-blank composed of a base of. hard rubber or ebonite and an outer cm ering of sound-recording material, substan tially as set forth.

2. A phonogram-blank composed of a base of hard rubber or ebonite and an outer recording-surface of diltereut materials having the same or substantially the same coefficient p This specification signed and witnessed this 22d day of March, 1885).

lll()l\IAS ALVA EI'HSON.

Witnesses:

W. PELZER, Rlonn. N. DYER.

US414759D Phonogram-blank Expired - Lifetime US414759A (en)

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