US414511A - Apparatus for cleaning tracks - Google Patents

Apparatus for cleaning tracks Download PDF

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US414511A
US414511A US414511DA US414511A US 414511 A US414511 A US 414511A US 414511D A US414511D A US 414511DA US 414511 A US414511 A US 414511A
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frame
lever
drum
track
guide
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/02Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt
    • E01H1/04Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading
    • E01H1/045Brushing apparatus, e.g. with auxiliary instruments for mechanically loosening dirt taking- up the sweepings, e.g. for collecting, for loading the loading means being a rotating brush with horizontal axis

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
{No Model.)
J. E. FISHER. APPARATUS POR CLEANING TRACKS.
Patented Nov. 5, 1889..
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UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.
JOHN E. FISHER, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
APPARATUS FOR CLEANING TRACKS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 414,511, dated November 5, 1889.
Application fled January 21, 1889. Serial No, 29'?,013. (No model.)
To all whom] it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN E. FISHER, a citi- Zen of the United States, and a resident of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Oleaning Tracks, of which the following', taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification.
rlhis invention relates to improvements in apparatus for cleaning tracks,and is especially adapted to remove the hard-trodden snow or ice from horse-car tracks, and for similar purposes.
It consists in a peculiar construction of t-he diggers or Scrapers for scraping the ice from the rails; also, in mechanism for breaking or picking up the ice between the rails, and for a short distance outside of the rails on either side 5 also, in means for hanging the share or guide board for guiding the snow and ice to one side of the track after it has been broken up, and also in mechanism for sweeping the rails.
The invention is carried out as follows, referenee being had to the accompanyiug drawings,wherein- Figure l represents a bottom view of my improved track-cleaner. Fig. 2 represents a central longitudinal section of the same, and Fig. 3 represents a cross-section ou the line A B. (Shown in Fig.
Similar letters refer to similar parts wherever they occur on the different parts of the drawings.
d represents the frame of the track-cleaner, mounted on the wheels b h b b, whose axles b h are j ournaled in the bearings ca a a d on the frame, as shown in Fig. l.
c represents the draw-bar, as usual.
a represents a bracket or bearing attached to the forward part of the frame directly over the rail of the car-track, and to this bracket is hinged the scraper or digger d in such a manner that it will be drawn along on the rail R whenl the track-cleaner is moved forward and will tend to scrape the ice from the Y rail.
rail with a yielding pressure sufficiently strong to remove the ice and snow from the rail, but to yield and allow the scraper to rise should itcoine in contact with the projecting end of a rail or a spike.
d represents a rod passing through perforations in the scraper and the frame and also through the spring d. Said rod se'rves to guide the scraper on the rail, and also to limit the downward movement of the scraper caused by the spring cl', by means of the nut d3, screwed on said rod below the scraper, and the hand-nut (Z4, screwed on said rod above the frame of the cleaner. Thus it will be seen that the scraper can be adjusted up or down by means of the hand-nut d* and the spring d. One of these diggers or Scrapers is provided for each rail R R, as shown in Fig. 1.
To the forward axle h are secured the spurgears e e, which mesh into the smaller spurgears e e', keyed or otherwise made fast on the reduced ends of the pick-drum f. The drum f is provided with a number of picks or projections f f on its surface, and is journaled in the blocks d3 d3, which are guided up and down in the hangers d4 afl, as shown in Fig. 3. p
a5 d5 represent spring-cushioi'is interposed between the under side of the blocks as a3 and the lower part of the hangers a* a4, and a a represent similar spring-cushions placed between the upper side of the blocks a3 CL3 and the followers uf a7, which are pressed downl ward, when in operation, by means of the lever g acting on the yoke a8, the ends of which rest on top of the followers a7 e7. The lever g is pivoted in its forward end at g to abearing on the frame, and is guided at its rear end in the standard g.
g3 represents a pin or bolt. inserted through one of the perforatious in the standard g to hold the lever after it has been adjusted. It will be seen that when the blocks a a3 and the drum f are forced downward to the position shown in the drawings the teeth of the gears e and e mesh together and cause the drum to revolve in the direction of the arrows shown in Fig. 2, when the cleaner is drawn forward, and by this means any ice or snow there may be in the path of the cleaner will be broken up by the picks f f; but if roo not required for use.
any substance too hard for the picks to break up should comein contact with the picks the spring-cushions a6 a6 will yield and allow the drum to rise and pass over such hard substance and thereby prevent the picks from breaking.
If it is not desired to use the picks for cleaning the track, all that is necessary to do is to withdraw the pin g3 from the standard g and raise the lever g and yoke as sufficiently to allow the spring-cushions a5 a5 to raise the drum high enough to disengage the gears e and e from each other, when the drum will remain stationary.
I do not wish to coniine myself to the precise means shown for hanging and operating the drum f, as other and well-known means may be employed without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Zz represents the plowshare or guide-board for guiding the snow and ice to one side of the track after it has been broken up by the picks f f', and said guide-board is hung to both sides of the frame ay at the points h h in front of said guide-board by means of the rods ZL Zz. Thus it will be seen that the guideboard is drawn by the frame of the cleaner instead of being pushed, as is common in snow-plows now in use for cleaning horse-car tracks, and by this construction the rods can be made much lighter and still retain the desired strength.
h3 h3 represent wings or extensions hinged at h4 h4 to the guide-board h, as usual, for the purpose of raising them when in the way or h5 h5 represent rods pivotally attached at one end to the outer end of the wings h3 h3 and at the other end to the frame in front of the wings.
'i represents a lever fulcrumed at c" to a bearing on the frame a and having the forked connecting rod or link i hinged to one end of said lever, the other end of the lever being guided in the standard Z3 on the frame.
The connecting-rod i, hinged to the end of the lever t', is hinged in its forked lower end to the guide-board h at fi* 4, and it will be seen that if the free end of the lever 1l is forced downward the guide-board h will be raised by the rods Zi ZL, swinging on their fulcra h h on the frame a.
Z5 represents a pin or bolt adapted to be inserted through one of the holes in the standard 113 above the lever z', to hold the guideboard in its raised position.
On the rear axle b of the cleaner is loosely journaled the arms Za k, their outer ends forming bearings for the brush-shaft Z, which is set in a rotary motion, when the cleaner is drawn forward, by means of the chain or belt m and the pulleys m and m placed, respectively, on the axle b and shaft Z. The shaft Z is provided with brushes Z Z, in such 'positions that when said shaft is revolved the when they are in the position shown in the drawings.
Zo represents a forked connecting-rod attached in its forked end to the arms Za k and in the other end to one end of the lever n,the other end of said lever n being guided in the standard n on the frame of the cleaner.
n represents the fulcrum on which the lever n is swung, and n3 represents a pin.or bolt passed through one of the holes in the standard n to hold the lever in position after it has been adjusted.'
When the brushes are not required for use, the free end of the lever fn, is swung downward, which will swing the arms Zo Zo upward, byV means of the connecting-rod k', and consequently the shaft Z, with its brushes Z Z', will be raised from the ground.
If so desired, my improved Scrapers and sweeping mechanism may be applied to a horse-car for the purpose of cleaning the rails of the track from gravel or dirt without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having thus fully described the nature,
construction, and operation of my invention,
I wish to secure by Letters Patent and claiml. In a track-cleaning apparatus, the digger or scraper CZ, pivoted to the frame a, or a bracket thereon, at a point in front of the Contact of said digger with the rail of the track, and having the spring d interposed between the digger and the frame, and the rod fZ, with its nut (Z3 and hand-nut (Z4, to limit the movement of said spring, as and for the purpose set forth;
2. In a track-cleaning apparatus, a drum or cylinder provided with picks or projections on its surface, said drum being journaled in bearings on the frame of the machine, said bearings being provided with yielding springcushions above and below, for the purpose set forth.
3. In a track-cleaning apparatus, the drum f, provided with picks f f and revolved by mechanism from one of the axles of the machine, said drum being j ournaled in the blocks c3 as, which are guided in the hangers a4 a4, and provided with spring-cushions ai' af" and a a6, above and below, the lever g, and connecting mechanism to the drum f, said leverA being pivoted to the frame of the machine and adjustably held in position on said frame, all combined for the purpose set forth.
4. A track-cleaning apparatus consisting of the following elements: a frame mounted on Wheels, diggers pivoted to the forward part of said frame and pressed against the rails of the track with ayielding pressure, as described, a drum provided with picks or projections and adapted to be rotated by mechanism from the axle of the machine in bear- IOC)l IIO ings on said frame, a guide-board pivotally connected to said frame at points in front of said guide-board, brushes mounted on a shaft rotated by mechanism from the axle of the machine, said shaft having bearings in arms adapted to swing on said axle, and connectto this speoieation,in the presence of two subing mechanism from said drum, guide-board, seribing Witnesses, ou this 15th day of Janand arms each to a separate lever adjustably nary, A. D. 1889.
held in position ou the frame of the machine, JOHN E. FISHER. 5 al1 Combined to operate as and for the pur- Witnesses:
pose set forth and described. N HENRY CHADBOURN,
In testimony whereof I have signed my name M. B. MCMANUS.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550979A (en) * 1947-05-09 1951-05-01 Frank H Philbrick Method and apparatus for dressing a railroad track bed
US3391025A (en) * 1963-04-09 1968-07-02 Nordberg Manufacturing Co Method of cleaning railroad track
US3732024A (en) * 1971-03-01 1973-05-08 J Gendrich Leveler for paving machine
US5054401A (en) * 1987-05-11 1991-10-08 Ab Mahler & Soner Device for the cleaning of rails by scraping, loosening, and brushing
US7721373B1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2010-05-25 Wilson Timothy R Railroad flangeway cleaner system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550979A (en) * 1947-05-09 1951-05-01 Frank H Philbrick Method and apparatus for dressing a railroad track bed
US3391025A (en) * 1963-04-09 1968-07-02 Nordberg Manufacturing Co Method of cleaning railroad track
US3732024A (en) * 1971-03-01 1973-05-08 J Gendrich Leveler for paving machine
US5054401A (en) * 1987-05-11 1991-10-08 Ab Mahler & Soner Device for the cleaning of rails by scraping, loosening, and brushing
US7721373B1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2010-05-25 Wilson Timothy R Railroad flangeway cleaner system

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