US409107A - latimeb - Google Patents

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US409107A US409107DA US409107A US 409107 A US409107 A US 409107A US 409107D A US409107D A US 409107DA US 409107 A US409107 A US 409107A
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    • G07F1/00Coin inlet arrangements; Coins specially adapted to operate coin-freed mechanisms


3 Sheets Sheet 1.
(No Model.)
W. G. LATIMER. CASH REGISTER AND INDIGATGR. No. 409,107. Patented Aug. 13, 1889.
)Xw lndeqtcm I I William ELLaL'nnEr All? (No Model.) 3 Sheets-$96112, W. G, LATIMER. GASH REGISTER AND INDICATOR.
No. 409,107. Patented Aug. 13, 1889.
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\NiLYIESEEE: m/entuv William Er. L aLImE'r I M E c/%.// 2 W i 3 Sheets-8heet 3.
(No Mo del.)
CASH REGISTER AND INDICATOR. No. 409,107. Patented Aug. 13, 1889.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 409,107, dated August 13, 1889.
7 Application filed December 8, 1888. Serial No. 292,963. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern: has four keys in the lower bank and the re-go Be it known that I, \VILLIAM G. LATIMER, maining five keys in the upper bank, while a citizen of the United States,residing 'at-Dethe left-hand group has the first five keys in troit, in the county of \Vayne and State of the lower bank and the remaining four keys Michigan, have invented certain new and usein the upper bank. By thus distributing the ful Improvements in Cash Registers and In keys of each group in the proportion of four dicators, of which the following is a specifito five alternately between the two banks of cation, reference being had therein to the ackeys a symmetrical arrangement of the three companying drawings. groups of levers into two banks of keys is 10 This invention relates to new and useful obtained,and no difficulty will be experienced improvements in cash registers and indicaby the operator to become familiar with the tors; and the invention consists in the pecuoperation of the device, as Will be more fully liar construction, arrangement, and combinadescribed hereinafter. tion of the different parts of the device, F and G are two horizontal cross-bars, ver- 15 whereby the whole construction is simplified, tically slotted in the front and rear of the while at the same time a more positive operfulcrum-bar D, to keep the levers parallel to ation of all the parts is obtained and Without each each other and to guide them in their any liability of the parts getting out of order, vertical movement, the rear bar F serving as is more fully described, and shown in the also as a means for supporting the levers in 20 accompanying drawings, in whichtheir normal position, as shown in Fig. 2.
Figure l is a perspective View of my'im- H are a series of vertical indicating supproved device with the outside covering or porting-rodsone for each leverand with casing removed. Fig. 2 isavertical longituditheir lower ends loosely supported upon the nal section through the device. Fig. 3 is a rear ends of the levers. These rods are sup- 2 5 front elevation of the device with the key-leported in vertical position by the slotted crossvers in section and some of the parts omitted. bars I I, which form suitable guide-bearings Figs. 4 and 5 are details showing the elevated through which the supporting-rods may freely and depressed position of the registering suprise and fall. To the upper end of each of porting-rods. Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the these supporting-rods is secured in any suit- 30 cash-drawer. able manner atablet J, which tablets are num- A is a suitable frame to support the operbered correspondingly to the key belonging ating parts of the device. to their supporting-rod, and they are divided B is a cover inclosing the Whole device, to into three groups, the same as the keys, but
,- prevent tampering with the operating parts with the tablets grouped in front of each 3 5 of the machine, and removably secured in any other. At the back of each group of tabsuitable manner to the frame of the device, lets and some distance above are fixed the to permit repairing or adjusting of the parts zero-tablets K. Each of the supporting-rods of the device when desired. H is provided upon its rear edge with a pro- C are a series of horizontallevers fulcrumed jection L, which is preferably beveled upon 40 upon a cross-bar D. These levers extend to its upper edge or side and provided with a the rear end of the frame and project out in shoulder at right angles with the bar upon front a certain distance, and are provided at its lower side. their free ends with keys E and E, arranged M is an engaging cross-bar supported at the in two banks and divided into three groups rear side of the supporting-rods by means of 45 of nine keys each. Each of the groups is hangers N at the end of thebar, which latter numbered from 1 to O, consecutively. The is pivotally secured at a to the frame of the first group on the right hand has the keys device;-and O is a spring which throws the from 1 to 5 placed in the lower bank and the engaging cross-bar into contact with the rear rest in the upper bank. The central group supporting-rods.
1 are a vertical series of. registering supperting-rodsone for each lever. These rods are supported upon the lovers in front. of the supporting-rods .l l and pass through suitable slots in the guide-bearings l1 1, and the upper end of each of. these supporting-rods I carries a rack-pawl (.2, hinged to the supporting-rods, parallel thereto, by means of the links R R, and resting with its lower end upon a fixed stop S, which supports the pawl with the links extended at right angles to the supporting-bar. The mmiberot' cogs or teeth on. each rack-pawl corresponds to the numerical value of each lever, by which it is actuated, and thus they form three groups,in conformity with the three groups oi. levers.
T, T, and T are three like serrated rollers journaled transversely in suitable bearings in axial line with each other and indepemlently rotatable. These rollers are jourmiled in proximity to the rack-pawls (,2, so that when i the latter are elevated by the action of the levers (1 they will actuate the rollers by the engagement of their respective cogs or teeth. The roller T is adapted to be operated by any one of the rack-pawls belonging to the first group of levers on the right-hand side. The roller T is adapted to be operated by any one of: the rack-pawls belonging to the central. group of levers, and the roller T is'adapted to be operated. by any one of the rack-pawls belonging to the left-hand group of lovers.
The .rack-pawls Q are only adapted to engage and operate the rollers T, T, and 71. in their upward movement, as in the downward movement they withdraw out of cngagenicut therewith, owing to the manner of securing them, as shown in Fig. To prevent any accidental turning of the rollers each pro vided with a suitable spring back-stop U. The amount of movement imparted to the roller T, T, and T respectively, depends upon the number of cogs belonging to the rack-pawl by which it happens to be actuated, and to adjust said movement correctly the rack-pawls strike at the end of their upward movement against a series of set-screws Y, one for each rack-pawl,adjustablysecured in a cross-bar above the .raek-pawls.
\V is a swinging crank arm or knockcr ex tending with its free end in proximity to the engaging-bar M. The inner end. of the arm of the knocker is secured to a crossbar \W, the ends of which are secured to hangers \V, by means of which the knocker is suspended between the'sides of the frame.
\V is its actuating-striker arm, which is pivotally secured parallel to the vertical. supporting-bar W by the links ll. The lower end of the supperting-l.)a|.' W is secured to the cross-bar \Y, which extends on top of all. the lovers, and is su 'iported thereon by the crank-arms ll upon its ends, so as to rise and fall.
3' is a series of three serrated registeringwheelsloosely jou rnaled upon a shall; I), which is secured transversely in the upper portion of the frame. These wheels (mgagc with the serrated rollers T, T, and T and have secured to them the drums Y, Y, and Y, respectively, on which the :innounts to be regis tered are numerically placed in the usual manner.
Z are a like series of registeririg-wheels loosely journaled upon a transverse shaft: c, and these wheels are n-ovided with similar drums Z, Z and 7f, circun'iltn'entiallynumbored and dividcd,as in theusual. manner, to display the registered amount.
The registering-wheels Y and Z are arranged in pairs, each. registcring-wheel Y being provided with a stud. (l, which at each revolution of the wheels strikes against the upper end of a vibratin pawl c, and thereby causes a dog pivotally secured to the upper end of said pawl to turn the companion wheel Z one notch. A suitable detent g on each registering-wheel Z prevents any aeci dental displacement. A. s n'ing It returns the pawl (2 into its normal. position, in which it rests against a set-scrmv l, which is adjustably secured in a cross-bar t, which is provided with suitable slots in which the pawls e are guided. inv their movement Suitable windows X X are placed in the outer casing for the display ol. the tablet s and for the reading of the register-ing-wheels by a person standing in front of tlmdevice, and, it necessary for accurate reading, a suitable index may be placed upon the windmvs ol' the registering-witeels.
The parts being etmstructed and arranged as shown and descrilmd, they are intended to operate in the following manner: llydepress- .ing any one oi. the keys E or Il the lever actuated. thereby will. cause the pair oi. sup- )orting-bars to rise with the rear end of such lever. The rear or indicating supporting-bar, which carries an index-tablet, is lil'ted. up to bring its rearward projection ll above the swinging bar M sul'licicnlly high to enable said n'ojection L to pass by and retain its SLlPIlOlillllg-l'Otl in an elevated position after the key is released by the opi'nator. The tablet displayed by the supportingba r is thus held in 'an elevated positionv corresl'lomli ng to the elevated position of the stationary zero tablets and in front of one of them. .It' it be longs to the right-hand group of levers, it is displayed. in front of the right-hand '/.erotablet and indicates cents. ll. it; belongs "to the central. group of levers, it rises in front of the central Zero-tablet and .imlicat s dimes, and if it belongs to the lel't-intnd group of lovers it rises in front of the lelt-haml zm'odabh-t and indicates dollars. its value in every instance corresponds with the number ol the key of i.. actuating-lever. Thus before any amount is indicated the zero-tablets alone appear in sight; but it a key is struck a Illllmerical. tablet correspom'ling to the number of the key struck will rise in front of one of IIO the tablets, and by its relative position in relation to the stationary zero-tablets will indicate the monetary value of the number. At the same time with the indicating supporting-bar the registering supporting-bar P of the lever struck is also raised, and by the engagement of its rack-pawl Q with one of the rollers T, T, and T will impart to the latter a rotary movement of the proper degree to revolve its respective registering-drum and to display in the window a number corresponding to the number of the key struck, its
monetary value being indicated by its position in relation to the indicating-tablets, as the indicating-wheels are correspondingly grouped with the indicating-tablets. If two of the keys, each in different groups, are struck, an amount represented by two numerals will be registered; and if three keys, each in a different group, are struck an amount indicated by three numerals will be indicated, and simultaneously with each indication the respective registering-wheel will register a like amount. It will be seen that every time one of the keys is struck the striker WV is uplifted by its connection with the cross-bar WV, which lies on top of all the lovers, and as the inclined head of the striker \V' strikes against the knocker before the lug L of any rising supporting-rod H reaches the swinging bar M any one of the supporting rods which may happen to be engaged thereon is released and drops by its gravity before a new one is engaged, while at the same time the lug L of a rising supporting-rod is free to pass the swinging bar and is engaged thereon, as the swinging cross-bar quickly returns to its normal position.
Thus every time an operation is performed the old indicating-tablets for the previous amount will drop out of the way and the registering -wheels will simply add the new amount to the amount previously registered.
Vhenever one of the registering-wheels Y completes one revolution-that is, when it has registered to J9it will turn its companion registeringwheel one notch. Thus while the registering-drum Y counts the cents the registering-drum Z represents for each division or notch of its actuating-wheel Z one hundred cents. In like manner the register ing-drum Y counts dimes, while the registering drum Z represents one hundred dimes-that is, ten dollars-for each division or notch of its actuating-wheel Z. The amount registered by the machine can thus be readily read off and computed from the registering-wheels, and at the same time a very large amount may be registered before any necessity arises for setting the registering-wheels back to zero- 5m operation which is easily performed by turning the registering-wheels backward by hand.
I preferably construct underneath the machine a till controlled by the levers O, and this till I preferably construct as shown in Fi 6 of the drawings,wherein m is a drawer supported by an incline n and held in its closed position by means of a spring-catch 0. At the rear end of the drawer is pivotally secured a curved lever p, the rear arm of which is connected by means of the connecting-rod q with a cross-bar r, resting on top of the lever 0, all so arranged that if any one of the keys is depressed the cross-bar 0' will be lifted up and by its action crowd the till outward until it is disengaged from its spring-catch 0, when the drawer will drop out farther of it's own accord to a sufficient distance to permit access to the money for the purpose of making change or for depositing money. In push ing the drawer backward it is automatically locked by the spring-catch O.
The particular advantages of my construction are that it requires but little power to operate the device, as I have dispensed with the use of springs as much as possible, which are liable to become inoperative and introduce a large amount of friction. Thus it requires, for instance, but very little force to operate the swinging bar M, the weight of which is suspended so as to give the bar just a slight tendency to maintain its normal po sition by the action of its gravity, and this is supplemented by a light spring 0, which returns it quickly to its normal position if swung backward, while a suitable stop 0' pre Vents it from being swung too far.
By providing the striker with an inclined head it will actuate the knocker with a quick movement, and its shoulder W, below such inclined head, will instantly release the crossbar V of the knocker, and by engaging thereon allow the supporting-rod WV to drop back quickly in advance of the striker under the action of the gravity of the parts, and allow the spring 0 to return the knocker to its normal position without being interfered with by the striker, which latter is free to move backward until it engages itself from the cross-bar WV and drops of its own accord under the action of its weight and that of the parallel rods as soon as it can do so. The striker is retained in its normal position by the parallel rods which are arrested at right angles to the bar by a suitable stop.
The knocker is constructed and suspended in such a manner as to allow its gravity to maintain its normal position and to require but little power to do its work. The same advantage is obtained for the rack-pawls Q. As soon as the upward movement of any supporting-rod is completed, it is free to fall by its own gravity with little or no friction, and thereby frees the rack-pawl, which returns into normal position by its own gravity and IIO with such little friction 011 the rollers T, T, v
and T that a light spring can prevent any accidental movement. At the same time the registering rollers are actuated by a positive movement, and which can be regulated by the set-screws V to any decided degree of nicety.
The whole construction of the device is very simple and. includes but relatively few parts,
which allows ot' the device being manufactured economically and not liable to get out of order.
\Vhat I claim as my invention is 1. The combination, with a series of levers, of a series of indicating supporting-rods, one upon each lever and carrying a series of in dicatil'ig-tablets arranged in three groups, a series of registering supporting-rods, one for each lever, parallel with the indicating supporting-rods and resting upon the levers, and a series of registering-wheels actuated by these registering supporting-rods and divided into three groups, one pair in each group, sub stantially as described.
2. The combination, with the actuating-1e vors, of a series of indieatin g supporting-rods, each provided with a rearwardly-projceting stud or offset, a horizontal swinging cross-bar, upon which said studs are adapted to engage, the swinging knocker actuating such swinging cross-bar, the vertically-reciprocating striker actuating said knocker, and a rising and falling cross-bar supported on top of the levers to which said striker is secured.
3. The combination of a series of levers provided. with a series of keys in two banks, rcynescnting three like groups and distin tinguished into three like groups of nine keys each, substantially as described, the series of supporting-rods, one for each lever, and vertically supported upon the extremity of the lovers, aseries of indicatingtablets secured to the upper ends of the supportingrods and arranged in three groups corresponding to the groups of levers, with the tablets of each group in front of each other, and of three stationary zerotablcts correspondingly grouped above the indicatingtablcts of the supporting-rods, substantially as described.
4-. The combination,with a series of lovers, of three groups of serrated registering-wheels, each containing one pair of wheels, of three serrated rollers journaled in axial line with each other, one [or each pair of registeringwheels, and of a series of supporting-rods di vided into three groups, one group for each roller, and of rack-pawls pivotally secured to the supporting-rods and adapted to operate the rollers by the actuation of the levers, subst antiall y as described.
The (annbination, with a series of levers, of a series of indicating supporting-rods snpported near the extremities of such levers and provided upon their upper ends with hinged rack-pawls, a series of three transverse serrated rollers adapted to be operated by these rack-pawls, three groups of serrated register-i1ig-wlieels in pairs, one pair of each group engaging with one of the srnrrated rollers, respectively, and the other one of each group being provided with an oscillating feed-pawl operated by a stud on. its actuat ing registering-wheel, substantially as de' scribed.
(3. The combination,with a series of lovers, of two series of snp' 'iorting-rods supported in vertical guides upon the extremities of these levers, one series of rods bein provided with indicating-tab]ets and the other series of rods carrying rack-pawls to actuate the registering device, substantially as described.
7. As an improvement in actuating devices in cash registers and indicators, the combination, with the lovers and supporting-rods carrying the incheating-tablets, of. the swing ing cross-bar M, the lugs L on the supportingbars adapted to ei'igagc thereon,the cross-bar of the swinging knocker, the striker \V', having an inclined head, and the shoulder \V, the supportingrods WW, provided with links to which the striker is hinged, the cross-bar \V", carrying the s1ipporting-rod. and being vertically-niovably supported on top of the lovers by the arms \Vflsnbstantially as described.
8. As an improvement in actuating devices in cash registers and indicators, the combination of the lovers and registering-wheels, the registeririg-rods P, the rack-pawls Q, hinged thereto in parallel. relation by the links R, and the support S, si'lbstaniially as described.
9. As an improvement in actuating devices in cash registers and indicators, in combination with the lovers and register-ingavheels, the registering supporting-rods l,the rackpawls Q, pivotally hinged thereto in parallel relation. by the links 1t, tlie's\'1 )port S, and the set-screws V, substantially as dcsm-ibed.
In testinn'my whereof I atli x my signati l rc, in presence of two witnesses, this Rth day of Sep tember, 1888.
J. PAUL MAYER, E1). Mcllnuan'rv.
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