US404086A - hawley - Google Patents

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US404086A
US404086A US404086DA US404086A US 404086 A US404086 A US 404086A US 404086D A US404086D A US 404086DA US 404086 A US404086 A US 404086A
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Prior art keywords
gate
latch
post
levers
rod
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F11/00Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening
    • E05F11/02Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening for wings in general, e.g. fanlights
    • E05F11/04Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening for wings in general, e.g. fanlights with cords, chains or cables

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. M. HAWLBY.
GATE.
Patented May 28, 1889.
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JAMES M. HAIVLEY, OF ODIN, ILLINOIS.
GATE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 404,086, dated May 28, 1889.
Application filed December 21, 1888. Serial No. 294,261. (No model.)
To all wwn'z, it may concern.'
Be it known that I, JAMES M. I-IAWLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Odin, in the county of Marion and State of Illinois,
5 have invented new and useful Improvements in Gates, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in gates; and it consists in certain novel features 1o hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is aperspective view of a gate constructed in accordance with my invention, showing the gate closed. Fig. 2 is a front elevation showing I 5 the gate opened. Fig. 3 is a vertical section on the line :r .fr of Fig. 2,and Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail View of the hinge-post and the end of the gate.
Referring to the drawings by letter, A deszo ignates the hinge-post, and B the latch-post, which are set in the ground at opposite sides of the roadway, as will be readily understood, and O designates a latch-post, which is set in the ground at a distance from the hinge-post 25 A and on the same side of the road as the hinge-post. The latch-posts B C are provided with a number of catches, D, having shoulders E on their under sides, which are adapted to be engaged by the end of the latch on the gate,
5o as will be presently more fully described.
The gate F is composed of the usual vertical end bars, G, and the rails H, secured to and between said end bars. The inner end bar G is extended upward to nearly the same 3 5 height as the hinge-post A, and is provided at its lower end and near its center with the eyes or rings I I, which engage the vertical rods .I J, secured to the hinge-post, and thereby form the hinges for the gate. The gate is thus al- 4o loWed to swing freely, and at the same time can be raised or lowered, as may be desired. The gate is supported at the desired height by a supporting-rod, K, which is made in two sections, L M, connected by a turn-buckle, N, at
V.U5 their inner ends and provided with hooks O at their outer ends. The hook at the end of the lower section is made to engage one of the rails of the gate, and the hook at the end of the upper section engages an eyebolt, P, se-
5o cured in the hinge-'post at the upper end of the same. It will thus be seen that the supporting-rod is extensible and that the gate can be raised or lowered by rotating the turnbuckle in the proper direction.
The gate is provided at its center with a ver- 5 5 tical bar, Q, and the latch R is pivoted at its center upon the said bar Q and has one end projecting through a slot in the outer end bar G in the gate and adapted to engage one of the catches B. The inner end of the latch is 6o kept normally depressed by a spring, S, having one end secured to the latch and its other end secured to one of the rails of the gate. The tension of the said spring can be varied by causing its end to engage the proper one 65 of a series of openings, T, in the rail of the gate. The inner end of the latch being thus depressed, the outer end of the same is elevated, so as to engage one of the catches, as will be readily understood. The latch is fur- 7o ther provided near its outer end with the lateral pins U, which serve as handles, by which the latch may be manually operated.
The inner end bar of the gate is provided at its upper end with a horizontal arm, V, and 7 5 a jointed connecting-rod, W, extends downward from the end of the said arm to the inner end of the latch, and is secured thereto.
X X designate posts, which are set in the ground at the side of the roadway and at a 8o distance from the hinge-post of the gate, and have the operating-levers Y fulcrumed upon their upper ends. The said levers Y are fulcrumed at points about midway between their ends, and the upper ends of the levers are con- 85 nected by a rod, Z, so as to secure a simultaneous action of the levers. Aconnecting-rod,
a, extends from the lo-Wer end of one of the levers to the end of the arm V, and a similar connecting-rodi), extends from the lower end 9o of the other lever to the joint of the connecting-rod WV. By this arrangement when the levers Y are operated the latch will be released from the catches on the post B and the gate opened.
A spring, c, is secured to the side of the post O and acts as a buifer to prevent the gate, when opened, coming against the said post with such force as to break or otherwise in jure the latch or other parts.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings,
IOO
it is thought the operation of my gate willbe readily understood. By vibrating the levers Y the inner end of the latch will be raised against the tension of the spring T and the outer end of the latch depressed, so as to release it from the hooks, and the movement of the levers being continued the several connecting-rods will be drawn upon, so as to cause the gate to swing open, as will be readily understood.
When it is desired to close the gate, the levers are vibrated in the same direction as formerly in order to release the latch, and are then moved in a contrary direction to close the gate. Y
My gate can be operated by a person on the ground, or in a vehicle, or on horseback, and is very light, so that not much force isrequired to operate it. The gate can be quickly set at any desired height to clear snow, stones, or otherobstructions on the ground, and also to separate small stock from large stock. By having the outer end of the latch raised, so as to engage shoulders on the under side of the hooks D, I prevent the gates being opened by reason of the stock lifting the latch, as heretofore.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to 'secureby Letters Paten t, IS-t 1. The combination of the latch-post having a series of catches, the gate, mechanism for adjusting the gate vertically, the latch pivoted thereon and adapted to engage one of said.
catches, mechanism for releasing the latch, and a vertically-disposed spring secured to the post and bearing on the gate, as set forth. 2. The combination of the posts A X X, the gate supported by the postA and having one end bar provided with an arm, V, the levers pivoted to the upper ends of the posts X X, connecting-rods extending between the upper ends of the said levers, the latch on the gate, the jointed connecting-rod extending between the arm V and the latch, the rod extending from the lower end of one of the levers to the end of the arm V, and the rod extending from the lower end of the other lever to the joint of the jointed connecting-rod, as specified.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JAMES M. HAVVLEY. Vitnesse's:
F. D. HARRIS, A. D. TROUT-
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS51119991A (en) * 1975-04-15 1976-10-20 Daiichi Denshi Kogyo Kk Connecting end

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS51119991A (en) * 1975-04-15 1976-10-20 Daiichi Denshi Kogyo Kk Connecting end

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