US395361A - Car-coupling - Google Patents

Car-coupling Download PDF

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US395361A
US395361A US395361DA US395361A US 395361 A US395361 A US 395361A US 395361D A US395361D A US 395361DA US 395361 A US395361 A US 395361A
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Prior art keywords
car
jaw
coupling
jaws
secured
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Assigned to BANK OF AMERICA NATIONAL TRUST AND SAVINGS ASSOCIATION, AS COLLATERAL AGENT reassignment BANK OF AMERICA NATIONAL TRUST AND SAVINGS ASSOCIATION, AS COLLATERAL AGENT SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SAMSONITE CORPORATION
Assigned to GENERAL ELECTRIC CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS NORTH AMERICAN COLLATERAL AGENT reassignment GENERAL ELECTRIC CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS NORTH AMERICAN COLLATERAL AGENT SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SAMSONITE CORPORATION, A DELAWARE CORPORATION
Assigned to MERRILL LYNCH CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS U.S. COLLATERAL AGENT reassignment MERRILL LYNCH CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS U.S. COLLATERAL AGENT SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: SAMSONITE CORPORATION
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61GCOUPLINGS; DRAUGHT AND BUFFING APPLIANCES
    • B61G3/00Couplings comprising mating parts of similar shape or form which can be coupled without the use of any additional element or elements

Description

(No Model.)
H. SOMMERFELD.
. GAR GOUPLING.
lhvrrEn drATEs PATENT EEicE HEINRICH SOMMERFELD, OF CANTON, KANSAS.
CARP-COUPLING.
SPECIFCATON forming part of Letters Patent No. 395,361, dated January l, 1889.
Application filed September 19, 1888. Serial No. 285,797. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom t may concern.:
Be it known that I, HEINRICH SOMMER- FELD, of Canton, McPherson county, Kansas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Car-Couplings, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, formiiig a part hereof.
This invention relates to automatic carcouplings of that class employing' interlocking spring-actuated jaws; and it consists of certain improvements inv the construction of the jaws of such couplers, in the means for uncoupling them, and in certain. other details of construction to be hereinafter pointed out.
Figure l is a pcrspecti ve view of a car-coupling device embodying my invention; Fig. L a front elevation ol' the same attached to a car, Fig. 3 is a detached perspective view of one ol' the coupling-jaws.
The coupling-jaw C, which takes the place of the ordinary draw-head, is provided with a stem, extending beneath the car-body, to which it is secured. The forward end of the jaw is hooked to adapt it to engage with similarly-shapetl jaws carried by other cars with which, it is to be coupled, and the rear end of its stem is encircled by a coiled spring, u, arranged between a bolt, b, and the head c ol' the stem. This spring o prevents shocks and fflisastrous strains when the car is being started, the siem of the jaw being slotted at o' to permit a limited movement past the bolt l, which extends through such slot.
Bearing upon the jaw, and forcing it toward one side, is a spring, I), which, by preference, is liat, as shown in the drawings, and secured beneath 'the car by a strap or plate, F. The jaw is moved against the force of the spring to uncouplc the cars by mea-ns of alever pivotcd at l to a bracket, A', and having an arm, o', which. engages with a lug, l, carried by the coupler-j aw, an operatin handle or arm, ll, extending to the side of the car, and another operating handle or arm eX- tending to the top thereof, the latter arm projecting through a slot, g', in a plate, g, secured to the car, by which it is guided and directed in its movements.
H H are the bumpers, provided at their rear ends with the springs h., andmounted in sockets J', formed in a plate, J, secured to the lower side of the forward end of the car. This plate has also a central depressed portion, J 2, forming a support for the couplingjaw, and surroundingand protecting the spring D.
In order to preventthe two engaging-jaws separating vertically when the train strikes either a down. or an up grade, I provi-de the inner or engaging face of each jaw with a series-of grooves and ribs, m, which interlock when the cars are coupled, and thus prevent vertical sliding of the jaws upon each other. These grooves extend rearward from the end of the jaw preferably a distance about equal to the length of that portion of the opposing jaw which engages therewith.
In order to prevent the jaws from becoming uncoupled when going around sharp curves,- or when the cars sway laterally, I4
provide stops against which the ends of the jaws are adapted to bear to prevent too great freedom of movement. The preferred form of such stops is that shown in the drawings, and consists of a rib, I', formed by folding a metal plate, I, secured to the front en d of the car.
It will be seeil that the almve-descrihed coupling device automatic in its operation, and avoids the necessity of an operator entering between the cars in order to couple them, and that at the same time it may be uncoupled either from the top of the car or from the side thereof by means of the threearmed lever connected with the jaw..
The parts of this apparatus are simple vin construction and are all of such nature as to be easily replaced should any one or more become broken or otherwise unfitted .for use.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim l. The combination of a coupler-jaw anda depending stop arranged to one side thereof in a position. to prevent lateral movements of opposing coupler-jav'vs, and formed by folding a metal plate, I, substantially as set forth.
2. In combination with a car-coupler jaw and the bumpers, a plate, J, secured to the under forward end of the car, having sockets IOO J for the bumpers, md :L depressed portion, In testimony whereof I niix my signature io J2, for the eoupIer-jaw, Substantially as dein presenee olf two witnesses. scribed.
3. In combination, a spring-actuated Coup- I'IEINRICII SOIWIMERF'ICLD. 5 Ier-jaw, 'fr plate, such as J, Secured to the front end of the enr and provided with soek- Wine/Sees: ets J and a depression, J2, and bumpers II, F. G. FISCHER, mounted in said Sockets, Substantially as de- A. A. HIGDoN. scribed.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040084268A1 (en) * 2000-11-02 2004-05-06 Nykoluk Cory O. Pivotal handle for towable baggage
US20050087415A1 (en) * 2003-03-07 2005-04-28 Aaron Gorga Rotatable handle for towable luggage

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040084268A1 (en) * 2000-11-02 2004-05-06 Nykoluk Cory O. Pivotal handle for towable baggage
US20050087415A1 (en) * 2003-03-07 2005-04-28 Aaron Gorga Rotatable handle for towable luggage

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