US3921120A - Float actuated release mechanism - Google Patents

Float actuated release mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
US3921120A
US3921120A US34587173A US3921120A US 3921120 A US3921120 A US 3921120A US 34587173 A US34587173 A US 34587173A US 3921120 A US3921120 A US 3921120A
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casing
float
sonobuoy
retaining
plate
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James W Widenhofer
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Sparton Corp
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Sparton Corp
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Priority to US05345871 priority Critical patent/US3921120A/en
Priority claimed from US05/612,698 external-priority patent/US4029233A/en
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Publication of US3921120A publication Critical patent/US3921120A/en
Priority claimed from CA256,872A external-priority patent/CA1027810A/en
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First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=23356858&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US3921120(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C7/00Salvaging of disabled, stranded, or sunken vessels; Salvaging of vessel parts or furnishings, e.g. of safes; Salvaging of other underwater objects
    • B63C7/26Means for indicating the location of underwater objects, e.g. sunken vessels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B22/00Buoys
    • B63B22/003Buoys adapted for being launched from an aircraft or water vehicle;, e.g. with brakes deployed in the water

Abstract

A sonobuoy deployment system wherein a plurality of sonobuoy components are housed within a casing adapted to be dropped into the water, either from air or marine craft. The casing has a negative buoyancy, and houses a float deployment mechanism activated upon the casing entering the water. Actuation of the float deployment mechanism deforms a metal release plate previously holding a float within the casing, the float inflates, and as the casing sinks in the water the sonobuoy components are deployed from the casing upper end by cable connections attached to the float. Parachute structure may be mounted upon the release plate for automatic separation from the casing upon actuation of the float deployment mechanism. The utilization of a negatively buoyant casing, and deployment of the components from the casing upper end, permits the casing to quickly sink to significant depths, permitting the sonobuoy transducer components to be quickly located at the desired operating depth.

Description

[451 Nov. 18, 1975 FLOAT ACTUATED RELEASE MECHANISM [7 5 Inventor: James W. Widenhofer, Jackson,
Mich.
[73] Assignee: Sparton Corporation, Jackson,
Mich.
[22] Filed: Mar. 29, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 345,871
[52] US. Cl. 340/2; 9/8 R; 116/124 B [5 1 1m. 01. B6313 21/00; H04B 11/00 [5 8] Field of Search 116/124 B, 114 AH; 340/2, 340/8 S, 8 R; 9/8 R, 9
Primary ExaminerRichard C. Queisser Assistant ExaminerDaniel M. Yasich Attorney, Agent, or FirmBeaman & Beaman [57] ABSTRACT A sonobuoy deployment system wherein a plurality of sonobuoy components are housed within a casing adapted to be dropped into the water, either from air or marine craft. The casing has a negative buoyancy, and houses a float deployment mechanism activated upon the casing entering the water. Actuation of the float deployment mechanism deforms a metal release plate previously holding a float within the casing, the float inflates, and as the casing sinks in the water the sonobuoy components are deployed from the casing upper end by cable connections attached to the float. Parachute structure may be mounted upon the release plate for automatic separation from the casing upon actuation of the float deployment mechanism. The utilization of a negatively buoyant casing, and deployment of the components from the casing upper end, permits the casing to quickly sink to significant depths, permitting the sonobuoy transducer components to be quickly located at the desired operating depth.
8 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures US. Patent Nov 18,1975 Sheet 1 (2 3,921,120
US. Patent N 0v.18, 1975 Sheet20f2 3,921,120
FIG 8 FJGZO FIG .9
.FLOAT ACTUATED RELEASE MECHANISM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention pertains to sonobuoys for detecting 5 underwater craft and other vibration producing means by the use of vibration sensing transducers, and particularly pertains to the deployment of sonobuoy components from a casing, and structure for releasing the components therefrom.
Sonobuoy devices are widely employed for submarine detection purposes, and are also utilized for underwater geological exploration and other submarine purposes. Sonobuoys may be either active, wherein a transmitted signal is produced, and the reflected signal is received and transmitted, or the sonobuoy may be passive wherein received signals are sensed and transmitted.
Sonobuoy devices are normally located as desired by aircraft, or watercraft. When airdropped, sonobuoys normally employ velocity reducing devices such as fins, foils or parachutes in order to retard the velocity of the sonobuoy casing as it falls through the air, and minimize the likelihood of damage as it enters the water. Also, such velocity control devices orient the sonobuoy as it falls through the air such that a predetermined end thereof will initially enter the water.
Upon the sonobuoy entering the water the components thereof, such as the sound producing and/or receiving transducers, transmitters, damping means, and other conventional components are deployed from the casing in order that they might best perform their desired function. With some sonobuoy constructions the sonobuoy casing itself floats upon the water surface and the components are dropped therefrom. This type of device is shown in US. Pat. Nos. 3,093,808 and 3,646,505. Other constructions utilize a float which is ejected from the casing, and the components are dropped from the casing to a considerable depth below the float.
With advancing technology permitting submarines to effectively operate at increasingly greater depths, the need for detection sonobuoys operating at increased depths arises, and present specifications often require that the sonobuoy transducer be located in excess of 100 feet below the water surface. It will be appreciated that in sonobuoys wherein the transducer and other components are ejectedfrom the lower end of the casing to freely fall through the water, considerable time lapse occurs before the transducer reaches such operating depths due to the resistance of movement of the components through. the water. As the components normally include lengthy wires and coils, including irregularly shaped housings and the like, considerable resistance is produced as the components fall through the water, and the time lapse from water entry until the transmitting of signals at the desired depth may be such that the submarine endeavoring to be located moves beyond effective locating range.
In view of the need for a sonobuoy capable of quickly becoming operative at the desired depth after entry into the water, considerable effort has been expended endeavoring to overcome the inherent problems.
Additionally, in view of the forces imposed upon the air-dropped casing on impact with the water, it is important that positive and dependable release means be associated with the sonobuoy parachute or velocity restraining apparatus to prevent entanglement of the sonobuoy components therewith during deployment. Ad-
ditionally, release of the sonobuoy components from the casing must be in a positive manner not likely to be adversely affected by the drop conditions. Previously employed release mechanisms have been unduly sensitive, subject to premature release, or prone to bind and not fully release, and were also prone to damage during the drop, resulting in an inoperative sonobuoy.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to provide an improved sonobuoy component deployment system wherein the sonobuoy components may be quickly deployed to considerable depths, and a minimum of resistance to deployment occurs.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved sonobuoy deployment system wherein a parachute or other velocity restraining device during an air drop may be positively released from the sonobuoy casing upon the sonobuoy entering the water.
An additional object of the invention is to provide sonobuoy structure utilizing an inflatable float or envelope wherein inflation of the envelope simultaneously and positively actuates a release plate permitting the nonbuoyant casing to rapidly sink from the float deploying its components at those predetermined depths desired. In this manner the casing continues to house the components until the components are located at the desired depth, resulting in minimum resistance to component movement during deployment, and minimizing the likelihood of entanglement of components.
Another object of the invention is to provide a sonobuoy deployment system using a sonobuoy casing having a lower end which normally initially engages the water, and is thereby most likely subject to damage, and an upper end through which the sonobuoy components are deployed prior to operation, which is relatively protected from impact.
Another object of the invention is to provide a release plate for a sonobuoy wherein the release plate maintains the sonobuoy components within the sonobuoy casing, and simultaneously serves as the air velocity restraining anchor or connecting member for the casing. Thus, release of the restraining plate simultaneously releases the air restraining member, i.e., parachute, and permits the sonobuoy components to be deployed through the sonobuoy upper end as the sonobuoy sinks through the water.
In the practice of the invention a cylindrical sonobuoy casing of metal, such as aluminum, is provided with a lower end and an upper end. A parachute mounted in the casing upper end is deployed, in an air drop, to restrain the velocity of the casing as it falls through the air. Upon the casing entering the water, actuating means inflate float mechanism adjacent the easing upper end. The energizing of the float mechanism deforms a retaining plate, which also serves as the anchor for the parachute to the casing, and releases the plate from the casing. Thereupon, the float is ejected from the casing upper end, and the nonbuoyant casing falls through the water at an unrestrained velocity. Cables deployed from the float pull the sonobuoy components from the casing at the desired depths, and thus the only relative movement between the sonobuoy structure and the water is the casing itself, which is of a relatively streamlined and low friction configuration. After all of the sonobuoy components have been deployed from the casing, the casing continues to fall clear of the components.
An additional object of the invention is to provide a low cost sonobuoy component release plate which may be economically manufactured, is positive in operation, and may also serve as an anchor for velocity restraining means during sonobuoy drops.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The aforementioned objects and advantages of the invention will be appreciated from the following description and accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a view of a sonobuoy constructed in accord with the invention shortly after impact with the water, after release of the release plate, and during ejecting of the float envelope from the casing upper end,
FIG. 2 illustrates the float and casing shortly after the float has been ejected therefrom, and as the casing is sinking,
FIG. 3 illustrates a deployed sonobuoy wherein the components are suspended below the float, and the casing has released all of the components,
FIG. 4 is an elevational, diametrical, sectional view of a sonobuoy casing utilizing typical sonobuoy components, and incorporating release mechanism in accord with the invention,
FIG. 5 is an enlarged, detail, elevational view of the upper end of the sonobuoy casing illustrating the release plate, parachute and float envelope,
FIG. 6 is a top, plan, sectional view of the release plate as taken along Section VIVI of FIG. 5,
FIG. 7 is a plan view of the release plate, per se,
FIG. 8 is a detail, enlarged, perspective view of the release plate locking tabs and the casing openings receiving the same,
FIG. 9 is an elevational, sectional view of the casing upper end shortly after inflation of the float envelope occurs, as taken along Section IX-IX of FIG. 6,
FIG. 10 is a view similar to FIG. 9 illustrating the relationship of components after complete ejection of the release plate from the casing, and
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a parachute anchor.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A sonobuoy constructed in accord with the invention includes a casing 10, usually of a cylindrical construction, having a closed lower end 12 and an upper end 14. The lower end is provided with a weight or ballast 16, and, as will be appreciated from FIG. 5, the upper end 14 is initially enclosed by the parachute cover 18.
When air dropped, the sonobuoy cover 18 will be removed in a conventional way, such as by use of a shock cord, so that the parachute 20 may be deployed to restrain the fall of the sonobuoy toward the Water.
The sonobuoy casing serves as a housing for a plurality of components, and in FIG. 4 such components are only schematically illustrated, and may include a transducer weight 22, a transducer 24, which may be both a transmitter and receiver, or merely a receiver, a housing 26 for electrical components, damping means 28, such as shown in US. Pat. No. 3,701,175, for damping the components against underwater movement due to underwater currents, and the like, a float envelope and associated antenna and, of course, conductors and supports are interposed between the components to permit the signals ultimately received by the transducer 24 to be transmitted as radio signals from the float antenna.
The casing 10, adjacent its upper end 14, includes a portion constituting a float chamber 32, and a cylinder 34 of pressurized gas, or the like, communicates with the float envelope 30 for inflation thereof when energized.
The cylinder 34 is energized by suitable actuating means, such as a seawater battery activated explosive squib circuit 35, to produce inflation of the float envelope upon the sonobuoy casing contacting seawater.
The float assembly includes the float envelope 30 which is retained within its chamber 32 by a release plate 38 interposed between the float chamber and the parachute 20, and the construction of the release plate will be later described in detail.
The parachute 20 is attached to the sonobuoy assembly by anchors 40 affixed to the release plate 38 so that releasing of the plate 38 from the casing 10 also releases the parachute from the casing clearing the parachute from the sonobuoy and preventing entanglement of the parachute with the other sonobuoy components during deployment and operation.
In operation, the parachute cover 18 is removed as the sonobuoy casing falls from the aircraft. Thereupon, the parachute 20 is deployed and limits the velocity of the sonobuoy casing through the air to a speed which prevents damage of the sonobuoy upon impact with the water. As the parachute is located at the upper end of the sonobuoy casing, the lower end 12 of the sonobuoy will initially engage the water insuring proper distribution of the impact forces on the sonobuoy.
A salt water activated battery circuit device 35 mounted in the side of the sonobuoy immediately detects submerging of the casing and energizes a circuit energizing the cylinder 34. Energizing of the gas cylinder causes the float envelope 30 to very rapidly inflate imposing a pressure on the underside of the release plate 38. This pressure exerted upon the release plate deforms the same as shown in FIG. 9, and such deformation causes the release plate to release from the casing, and further inflation of the float envelope forces the release plate from the casing upper end 14, FIG. 10, and throws the release plate, and the attached parachute away from the casing upper end. The float envelope therein completes inflation, and the heavier lower portion 42 of the float assembly will slide out of the casing upper end and orient the float in a manner apparent from FIG. 2.
Due to the negative buoyancy of the casing 10, the casing rapidly begins to fall away from the float assembly. As the casing falls, the compliant cables 44, connected to the float assembly, are deployed from the casing upper end and, as the casing descent continues, the sonobuoy components, such as the damper 28, electronics housing 26, transducers 24 and weight 22 are also slidably deployed therefrom through the upper end. Of course, the depth at which the components are deployed depends upon the length of the cables 44 and length of cables interconnecting adjacent components.
Upon all of the components leaving the casing 10, the
casing continues to fall to the ocean floor. The sonobuoy receiving and/or transmitting apparatus is then energized by known means, and the sonobuoy is in operating deployment and condition.
As the sonobuoy casing is of a smooth wall configuration, and is weighted, its descent through the water is rapid, and as the deployment of the components is at their desired operating depth, the deployment of the components does not interfere with the rate of descent of the casing, and the components may be deployed at the desired depths very quickly, as compared with deployment systems wherein the components are deployed through the bottom of the casing.
It will be appreciated that the release and operation of the release plate 38 must be positive and sure, and the construction of the release plate, and its connection to the casing, is best appreciated from FIGS. 5 through 10.
The release plate 38 is of a flat configuration formed of sheet steel, and is of a generally circular configuration. Flats 46 are defined on the periphery 50 in diametrically opposed relationship, and locking tabs 48 located upon opposite sides of the periphery radially extend beyond the periphery. Each of the locking tabs 48 is divided into two parts by a radially disposed slot 52 intersecting the outer periphery of the associated tab. The purpose of the slots 52 is to receive the parachute anchors 40, FIG. 11. The plate 38 is provided with three elongated openings 54 aligned in diametrical relation to define a hinge line disposed across the plate in a manner perpendicularly disposed between an imaginary line connecting the slots 52. Also, this hinge line intersects and is perpendicular to the flats 46. Thus, the release plate 38 is divided into portions 56 and 58 interconnected by deformable hinge portions 60 of limited radial dimension.
The casing is provided with a pair of openings 62, FIG. 8 located adjacent the upper end in diametrically opposed relation for closely receiving the locking tabs 48. In order to insert the release plate tabs 48 into the openings 62 the release plate 38 may be bent slightly along the hinge line, to reduce the spacing between the locking tabs 48 and, upon the tabs being inserted into the proper openings 62, the release plate is returned to a planar configuration producing a positive intermeshing of the tabs 48 into the openings 62.
As will be appreciated from FIG. 5, the lower portion 42 of the float assembly includes a cylindrical shell slidably engaging the inside of the casing 10 and an independent cylinder shell 64 is disposed adjacent the underside of plate 38 between the plate and portion 42. Thus, as the engagement between the release plate 38 and the shell 64 is adjacent the periphery of the release plate only shear forces are imposed upon the locking tabs 48 and, thus, the release plate is capable of effectively resisting forces imposed upon the release plate by the portion 42 and shell 64. Likewise, the anchors 40, to which the parachute straps 66 are attached, are received within the slots 52 and also impose, primarily, shear forces upon the release plate tabs as the anchors are located adjacent the tabs.
The anchors 40 include a reduced neck 68 received within the slots 52 and resist being pulled from the slot by the enlarged head 70. The eyes 72 receive the parachute straps 66. Although the forces imposed upon the anchors are significant during descent of the sonobuoy through the air, particularly upon opening of the parachute, the proximity of the forces imposed upon the release plate 38 by the anchors 40 to the tabs 48 and openings 62 prevent significant bending forces from being imposed upon the central region of the release plate which would cause a bending of the release plate and disengagement of the tabs and openings. The anchors 40 are maintained within the slots 52 by a rubber band 74, FIG. 6, during assembly. After the release plate 38 is mounted within the casing openings 62, the
inside of the casing will maintain the anchors 40 within their associated slots 52.
- When the float envelope 30 is inflated the forces exerted on the underside of the release plate 38 are substantially uniformly disposed over the entire area of the plate underside, causing the plate to hinge and deform as shown in FIG. 9 by bending of hinge portions 60. Such deformation withdraws the tabs 48 from their associated openings 52, and the continued rapid inflation of the envelope 30 rapidly ejects the release plate through the upper end of the casing. The flattened portions 46 of the release plate reduce the dimension of the release plate at these locations assuring that no binding of the release plate occurs during the deformation and ejection thereof from the casing.
The release plate may be economically produced by a stamping operation of mild steel, and as will be appreciated from the foregoing description, its operation is positive and foolproof.
It is appreciated that various modifications to the inventive concepts may be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
I claim:
1. A sonobuoy component deployment system comprising, in combination, a nonbouyant casing having an open upper end and a permanently closed lower end, signal receiving and transmitting apparatus within said casing slidably removable therefrom through said upper end thereof, inflatable float means mounted in said casing adjacent said upper end slidably removable from said casing and located intermediate said casing upper end and said signal receiving and transmitting apparatus, flexible cable means connecting said apparatus to said float means of a length determining the operating depth of said apparatus, releasable retaining means mounted on said casing adjacent said upper end and intermediate said upper end and said float means retaining said float means and apparatus within said casing and permitting said float means and apparatus to deploy from said casing upper end upon said retaining means releasing from said casing, said inflatable float means being located adjacent said retaining means on the opposite side thereof with respect to said casing upper end, float inflating means within said casing for inflating said float means upon said casing being immersed, inflation of said float means releasing said retaining means from said casing wherein release of said retaining means from said casing permits said casing to fall belowsaid float means and deploy said apparatus from said casing upper end at the operating depth of said apparatus.
2. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 1 wherein said retaining means comprises a deformable substantially flat plate having a periphery, and locking tabs outwardly projecting from said periphery received within openings defined in said casing, inflation of said inflatable float means deforming said plate and withdrawing said tabs from the associated casing openings.
3. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 2 wherein said deformable plate includes a weakened hinge line defined thereon intermediate said locking tabs to facilitate and control deformation of said plate.
4. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 3 wherein said hinge line'comprises at least one elongated opening diametrically defined in said plate,
7 the length of said opening being substantially perpendicular to a diameter interconnecting said locking tabs.
5. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 2, parachute anchor means defined on said plate, and a parachute anchored to said anchor means for retarding the rate of descent of said casing while falling through the atmosphere and released from said casing upon said plate releasing from said casing.
6. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim wherein said anchor means are located on said plate adjacent said plate periphery and said locking tabs,
7. A sonobuoy component deployment system comprising, in combination, a nonbouyant cylindrical casing having a substantially uniform diameter throughout its length, an open upper end, and a permanently closed lower end, signal receiving and transmitting apparatus removably housed within said casing slidably removable therefrom through said upper end thereof, inflatable float means removably mounted in said casing adjacent said upper end between said upper end and said apparatus, flexible cable means connecting said apparatus to said float means of a length determining the operating depth of said apparatus, retaining means releasably mounted on said casing adjacent said upper end retaining said float means and said apparatus in said casing and releasing said float means from said casing upon said casing being immersed, said inflatable float means being located adjacent said retaining means on the opposite side thereof with respect to said casing upper end, float inflating means within said casing for inflating said float means, casing immersion sensing means energizing said inflating means upon said casing being immersed, inflation of said float means releasing said retaining means and said float means from said casing wherein release of said float means from said casing permits said casing to fall below said float means and deploy said apparatus from said casing upper end at the operating depth of said apparatus.
8. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 7, a ballast weight mounted upon said casing adjacent said lower end.

Claims (8)

1. A sonobuoy component deployment system comprising, in combination, a nonbouyant casing having an open upper End and a permanently closed lower end, signal receiving and transmitting apparatus within said casing slidably removable therefrom through said upper end thereof, inflatable float means mounted in said casing adjacent said upper end slidably removable from said casing and located intermediate said casing upper end and said signal receiving and transmitting apparatus, flexible cable means connecting said apparatus to said float means of a length determining the operating depth of said apparatus, releasable retaining means mounted on said casing adjacent said upper end and intermediate said upper end and said float means retaining said float means and apparatus within said casing and permitting said float means and apparatus to deploy from said casing upper end upon said retaining means releasing from said casing, said inflatable float means being located adjacent said retaining means on the opposite side thereof with respect to said casing upper end, float inflating means within said casing for inflating said float means upon said casing being immersed, inflation of said float means releasing said retaining means from said casing wherein release of said retaining means from said casing permits said casing to fall below said float means and deploy said apparatus from said casing upper end at the operating depth of said apparatus.
2. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 1 wherein said retaining means comprises a deformable substantially flat plate having a periphery, and locking tabs outwardly projecting from said periphery received within openings defined in said casing, inflation of said inflatable float means deforming said plate and withdrawing said tabs from the associated casing openings.
3. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 2 wherein said deformable plate includes a weakened hinge line defined thereon intermediate said locking tabs to facilitate and control deformation of said plate.
4. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 3 wherein said hinge line comprises at least one elongated opening diametrically defined in said plate, the length of said opening being substantially perpendicular to a diameter interconnecting said locking tabs.
5. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 2, parachute anchor means defined on said plate, and a parachute anchored to said anchor means for retarding the rate of descent of said casing while falling through the atmosphere and released from said casing upon said plate releasing from said casing.
6. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 5 wherein said anchor means are located on said plate adjacent said plate periphery and said locking tabs.
7. A sonobuoy component deployment system comprising, in combination, a nonbouyant cylindrical casing having a substantially uniform diameter throughout its length, an open upper end, and a permanently closed lower end, signal receiving and transmitting apparatus removably housed within said casing slidably removable therefrom through said upper end thereof, inflatable float means removably mounted in said casing adjacent said upper end between said upper end and said apparatus, flexible cable means connecting said apparatus to said float means of a length determining the operating depth of said apparatus, retaining means releasably mounted on said casing adjacent said upper end retaining said float means and said apparatus in said casing and releasing said float means from said casing upon said casing being immersed, said inflatable float means being located adjacent said retaining means on the opposite side thereof with respect to said casing upper end, float inflating means within said casing for inflating said float means, casing immersion sensing means energizing said inflating means upon said casing being immersed, inflation of said float means releasing said retaining means and said float means from said casing wherein release of said float means from said casing permits said casing to fall below said float means and deploy said apparatus from said casing upper end at the operating depth of said apparatus.
8. In a sonobuoy component deployment system as in claim 7, a ballast weight mounted upon said casing adjacent said lower end.
US05345871 1973-03-29 1973-03-29 Float actuated release mechanism Expired - Lifetime US3921120A (en)

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US05345871 US3921120A (en) 1973-03-29 1973-03-29 Float actuated release mechanism
CA191,428A CA999489A (en) 1973-03-29 1974-01-31 Float actuated release mechanism
GB1372774A GB1463836A (en) 1973-03-29 1974-03-28 Sonobuoys
US05/612,698 US4029233A (en) 1973-03-29 1975-09-12 Sonobuoy retainer plate
CA256,872A CA1027810A (en) 1973-03-29 1976-07-13 Float actuated release mechanism

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CN107554790A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-09 中国航空工业集团公司沈阳飞机设计研究所 A kind of wind-force damping unit
US10053194B1 (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-08-21 Harris Corporation Miniature sonobuoy adapter kit with pneumatic air diverter valve
US10106228B1 (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-10-23 Eagle Technology, Llc Sonobuoy adapter kit with pneumatic air diverter valve
US10287022B2 (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-05-14 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Pressure activated release for deployment of surface, aerial and subsea payloads

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US3991475A (en) * 1975-12-05 1976-11-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Depth selecting spool device
US3992737A (en) * 1975-12-11 1976-11-23 Motorola, Inc. Suspension system for underwater equipment
US3998408A (en) * 1976-02-19 1976-12-21 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Remote elevated platform
US4033529A (en) * 1976-02-27 1977-07-05 Sanders Associates, Inc. Drogue release apparatus
US4065821A (en) * 1976-05-07 1978-01-03 Compagnie Industrielle Des Telecommunications Cit-Alcatel Acoustic buoy
US4224707A (en) * 1977-02-21 1980-09-30 Giulio Mariani Floating apparatus for the remote marking of the position of bodies fallen in water
US4358834A (en) * 1981-04-16 1982-11-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Self-deploying buoy system
US4493664A (en) * 1982-05-03 1985-01-15 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Sonobuoy float inflation and depth selection initiators
US4497632A (en) * 1983-04-06 1985-02-05 Rocket Research Company Inflatable buoy
US4654832A (en) * 1983-11-29 1987-03-31 Magnavox Government And Industrial Electronics Company Sonobuoy retaining and release apparatus
GB2218948B (en) * 1988-05-26 1992-04-22 Secr Defence Brit A sonobuoy
GB2218948A (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-11-29 Secr Defence Brit A sonobuoy
US4927396A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-05-22 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Sonobuoy
GB2221874A (en) * 1988-06-09 1990-02-21 Fki Communications Limited Mounting arrangement for a marine radio distress beacon
GB2221874B (en) * 1988-06-09 1992-07-15 Fki Communications Limited Mounting arrangement for a marine radio distress beacon
FR2649459A1 (en) * 1989-07-05 1991-01-11 Jean Claude Laloubere Damper employed in a fluid medium for the purpose of limiting the excursions of a submerged load
FR2650551A1 (en) * 1989-08-04 1991-02-08 Thomson Csf Device making it possible to recover a linear submarine antenna
US5379267A (en) * 1992-02-11 1995-01-03 Sparton Corporation Buoyancy control system
US6052332A (en) * 1998-09-09 2000-04-18 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Countermeasure flexible line array
US6400645B1 (en) * 2001-10-11 2002-06-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Sonobuoy apparatus
WO2007110512A1 (en) * 2006-03-28 2007-10-04 Bilbo Marine Technique Industrie System and method of communicating navigation information
FR2899367A1 (en) * 2006-03-28 2007-10-05 Bolbo Marine Tech Ind Sa Communication system for e.g. transmitting navigation information, has electronic signal processing unit and signal transmitter suitable for signals transmitted by transmitter, where signals has positions information and ships identities
US10287022B2 (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-05-14 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Pressure activated release for deployment of surface, aerial and subsea payloads
US10053194B1 (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-08-21 Harris Corporation Miniature sonobuoy adapter kit with pneumatic air diverter valve
US10106228B1 (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-10-23 Eagle Technology, Llc Sonobuoy adapter kit with pneumatic air diverter valve
CN107554790A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-09 中国航空工业集团公司沈阳飞机设计研究所 A kind of wind-force damping unit
CN107554790B (en) * 2017-08-31 2020-04-21 中国航空工业集团公司沈阳飞机设计研究所 Wind power damping device applied to aviation towing system

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CA999489A (en) 1976-11-09
CA999489A1 (en)
GB1463836A (en) 1977-02-09

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