US3916885A - Adjustable cervical collar - Google Patents

Adjustable cervical collar Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3916885A
US3916885A US52389074A US3916885A US 3916885 A US3916885 A US 3916885A US 52389074 A US52389074 A US 52389074A US 3916885 A US3916885 A US 3916885A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
collar
band
cervical
neck
bands
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Jr John F Gaylord
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Medical Specialties Inc
Original Assignee
Medical Specialties Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/055Cervical collars
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/23Cervical collars

Abstract

An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck. The collar includes a pair of elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands held in overlapping relationship, and means for permitting the wearer to adjust the height thereof including a pair of apertures in the outer band, and a pair of elongate flexible fasteners carried by the inner band, with each fastener extending outwardly through one of the apertures. The apertures and fasteners are relatively positioned with respect to each other such that a pull exerted on the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar. A pair of cooperating securing members are carried by the outer face of the outer band for securing each of the fasteners thereto in a predetermined position.

Description

v United States Patent [191 Gaylord, Jr.

[ NOV. 4, 1975 ADJUSTABLE CERVICAL COLLAR John F. Gaylord, Jr., Matthews, NC.

[73] Assignee: Medical Specialties, Inc., Charlotte,

[75] Inventor:

[22] Filed: Nov. 14, 1974 [21] Appl. N0.: 523,890

Primary ExaminerRichard A. Gaudet Assistant ExaminerJ. Yasko Attorney, Agent, or FirmParr0tt, Bell, Seltzer, Park & Gibson 57 ABSTRACT An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck. The collar includes a pair of elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands held in overlapping relationship, and means for permitting the wearer to adjust the height thereof including a pair of apertures in the outer band, and a pair of elongate flexible fasteners carried by the inner band, with each fastener extending outwardly through one of the apertures. The apertures and fasteners are relatively positioned with respect to each other such that a pull exerted on the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar. A pair of cooperating securing members are carried by the outer face of the outer band for securing each of the fasteners thereto in a predetermined position.

12 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures US, Patent .Nov. 4, 1975 1 ADJUSTABLE CERVICAL COLLAR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck and immobilizing the wearers head while supporting the neck and head. The cervical collar is characterized by having means for allowing the wearer to adjust the height of the collar while the collar encircles the neck of the wearer.

The use of cervical collars is widely prescribed by physicians in treating trauma of the muscles and ligaments of the neck, and of the cervical and upper thoracic vertabrae and associated spinal nerves. The collar, by shifting support of the head from the neck and vertabrae to the lower chin and upper sternum, allows the affected body parts to maintain a substantially neutral and relaxed position and thus heal faster and more completely.

It is often necessary to vary the height of cervical collars repeatedly during a course of treatment on a single patient, in order, for example, to increase or decrease the degree of permissible head and neck movement. To eliminate the necessity of repeatedly exchanging one collar for another having a different height, several different designs for cervical collars having means for adjusting the height thereof have been proposed. However, several persistent disadvantages exist in known adjustable cervical collars of this type.

For example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,027,894, issued Apr. 3, 1962, discloses a cervical collar formed of upper and lower overlapping bands. The bands are slidable relative to each other by means of four separate, pivotally mounted sliding metal clamps which are each individually held in a desired position by tightening a screw. A major disadvantage of this approach is the necessity of using a screwdriver to individually tighten each of four separate screws. This procedure renders it difficult for the wearer alone to adjust the height since it is difficult to maintain the proper separation while tightening the screws. Thus normally the collar must be put on and then taken off several times to insure the correct adjustment of each of the four clamps. Other disadvantages are that the cervical collar described above is structurally complicated and therefore relatively expensive, and it is quite heavy due to the large number of metal parts on the collar.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,135,256, issued June 2, I964, discloses a cervical collar formed of upper and lower overlapping bands adjustable by means of cooperating Velcro elements secured to the outside of the lower band and the inside of the upper, overlapping band. Thus the lower band is trapped beneath the upper band when the collar is in place around the neck, and the collar must be removed in order to peel the lower band away from engagement with the upper band and make the necessary adjustment.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION Accordingly, it is the object of this invention to provide an adjustable cervical collar with means for allowing the wearer of the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar encircles the neck of the wearer.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a cervical collar which is adapted to permit the wearer to selectively increase or decrease the effective height of the collar while the same is positioned about the wearers neck.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a cervical collar which is simple in construction, and relatively inexpensive to manufacture.

These and other objects and advantages of the pres ent invention are achieved in the embodiment illustrated herein by the provision ofa cervical collar which comprises a pair of substantially parallel, elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands which are held in overlapping relationship, and means for releasably securing the collar in encircling relation about the wearers neck. Means are provided for permitting the wearer to adjust the height of the collar comprising an edge surface positioned on the inner band, and an elongate flexible fastener carried by the outer band. The fastener has one end secured to the inner band, and it extends vertically and is looped about the edge surface such that the other end of the fastener overlies the outer face of the outer band. The edge surface thereby serves as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted upon the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar. A securing member is carried by the outer face of the outer band for releasably securing the fastener thereto in a predetermined position to thereby maintain the desired height of the collar.

In the illustrated embodiment, the elongate fastener has Velcro elements secured to one side thereof, and the securing member comprises a patch of Velcro ele ments releasably cooperating with the Velcro elements on the elongate fastener.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Some of the objects of this invention have been set forth above, other objects and advantages will appear as the description of the invention proceeds, when taken in conjunction with the following drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an elevational view of the outwardly facing, front side of a cervical collar according to this invention with the fastenerelements disengaged;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the collar in FIG. 1, showing the manner in which the collar bands are slidably connected;

FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the cervical collar according to this invention in place around the neck of the wearer and showing the manner in which the height of the collar is increased;

FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of the cervical collar according to this invention in place around the neck of the wearer and showin'gthe increased height of the collar obtained by manipulating the collar in the manner shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectioned perspective view of the collar taken substantially along the line 5-5 of FIG. 3 and showing the means for adjusting the collar in its secured position, and with the detached position.

of the elongate fastener shown in dotted lines; and

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary sectioned perspective view of the collar taken substantially along the line 6-6 of FIG. 3 and through the means slidably interconnecting the bands.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, an adjustable cervical ing edges 11a, llb, respectively, and a lowerelongate band 12 overlapping the upper band 11 substantially parallel therewith and having upper and lower longitudinally extending edges 12a, 12b, respectively. The upper band 11 and lower band 12 are each formed of a thin, lightweight, semi-rigid plastic material, such as polyethylene, and are substantially sinusoidal in shape to conform to the configuration of the chin, neck, shoulders and upper chest of the wearer. It will be understood that, while the preferred embodiment of this invention comprehends the lower elongate band 12 overlapping the upper band 11, the objects of the invention can be likewise accomplished with a structure wherein the upper band 11 overlaps the lower band 12.

The upper and lower bands 11, 12, respectively, are slidably interconnected for vertical movement relative to each other by means comprising three spaced-apart, transverse elongate slots 11c, 11d, lle through the medial and opposing end portions, of upper band 11, in communicating alignment with three spaced-apart, transverse, elongate slots 12c, 12d, l2e through medial and opposing end portions of the overlapping, lower band 12. The interconnecting means further includes three studs having an enlarged head on one end thereof, collectively referred to by reference numeral 13, each of the studs 13 being extended through one of the communicatively aligned pairs of slots 11c, 12c; lld, 12d; and lle, l2e, respectively. Two washers 14 and 15 are carried in spaced-apart relation by each of the studs 13 with the upper band 11 and lower band 12 I interposed therebetween. The end of the stud 13 remote'from the enlarged end is then crimped or otherwise flattened to maintain the assembled relationship.

In order to releasably secure the cervical collar 10 in encircling relation around the neck of the wearer, means are provided which include an elongate, integrally formed tongue 18 on one end of the lower band 12. A patch of conventional fibrous Velcro fastener material 19, formed of a loose non-woven felt-like substance, is secured, as for example by stitching, to the tongue 18. Secured to the opposing end of the lower band 12 is a patch of conventional hook-type Velcro material 20, comprising numerous rows of small plastic hooks, which cooperates with the fibrous material 19 on the tongue 18 to releasably secure the collar around the neck of the wearer in the desired position, as is shown in FIG. 4.The cooperating Velcro patches 19, 20, respectively, cover a substantial area on opposing ends of the lower band 12, thus permitting the tightness of the collar around the neck to be varied as desired.

To enable the collar 10 to conform more closely to the anatomy of the wearer, and to provide additional comfort, elongate cushion pads 22 and 23 are stitched to the upper edge of the upper band 1] and lower edge of lower band 12, respectively. The cushion pads 22 and 23 comprise a tubular core'of dense foam rubber, enclosed in an outer covering of soft, pliable covering material such as vinyl as is shown in FIGS. 5 and 6. A plurality of perforations 24 are provided in theu'pper band 11 and lower band 12 topermit the flow of ventilating air through the collar, thus making the collar more comfortable for the wearer.

Means for allowing the height of the collar to be adjusted by the wearer while encircling the wearers neck by varying the amount of overlap of the lower band 12 relative to the upper band 11 are provided and comprise a pair of elongate flexible fasteners 28 and 29. In the illustrated embodiment, each fastener comprises a strip of relatively narrow fabric, and has a conventional, fibrous Velcro material, as described above, secured to one side thereofFastener 28 is secured at one end thereof to the upper band 11 intermediate transverse slots 11c and 11d therein, and extends vertically therefrom in the manner more fully described below. Fastener 29 is secured at one end thereof to the upper band 11 intermediate transverse slots 11d and 11e, and likewise extends vertically therefrom as described below.

Extending through the lower band 12 in transverse alignment with the fasteners 28, 29 are longitudinally extending apertures, in the form of slots 34 and 35, respectively. Each of the slots 34 and 35 receive therethrough one of the elongate fasteners 28, 29, respectively, as is shown in FIG. 1, and define lower edge surfaces 34a, 35a for the purposes described below. As will be observed in FIG. 2, slots 34, 35 are positioned adjacent the 'upper edge 12a of the lower band 12, whereas the fasteners 28, 29 are secured to the upper band 11 adjacent the lower edge 11b thereof. Secured to the lower band 12 directly beneath the slots 34, 35 are hook-like Velcro securing patches 38 and 39, respectively, as described above, for securing the elongate fasteners 28, 29 in a desired position.

As best seen in FIGS. 3-5, the fasteners 28, 29 extend upwardly from the point of attachment to the band 11, and through the associated slots 34, 35 such that the remote free end of each fastener overlies the outer face of the band 12. Thus in order to increase the height of the collar, the wearer grasps the fastener 28 between the thumb and forefinger of one hand, and the fastener 29 between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand, and pulls the same outwardly through the slots 34, 35. Thus the surfaces 34a and35a serve 'as a bearing surface whereby the outward pull results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar. When the fasteners 28, 29 have been pulled outward sufficiently to increase the height of the collar 10 to its desired level, the fasteners 28, 29, having the fibrous Velcro material thereon, are pulled downward and pressed firmly into engagement with the hook-like Velcro patches 38, 39, respectively. This engagement' maintains the collar at its desired height against downward pressure against the upper band 11 by the chin.

As best seen in FIG. 3, the slot 34 and associated fastener 28 are longitudinally spaced a predetermined distance from the medial portion of the collar represented by-the line 66, and the other slot 35 and associated fastener 29 are longitudinally spaced a corresponding distance in the opposite direction from the medial portion. This arrangement facilitates the gripping of the fasteners by the wearer as described above.

Todecrease the height of the collar, the elongate faspush downwardly upon the upper edge of the upper band-ll,,thus lowering the upper band 11 relative to the lowerband l2, or the bands 11 and 12 may be moved together in any manner by the hands of the wearer or otherwise to increase the extent of overlap therebetween.

By using the chin to adjust the height of the collar 10, the proper adjustment of the collar may be determined directly by observing the effect of lowering or raising the height thereof upon the position of the head and neck, rather than by making continuous, incremental adjustments while the collar is removed from encircling relation around the neck and then replacing the collar around the neck to determine the effect of the adjustment on the position of the head and neck.

Thus, it may be seen that an adjustable cervical collar is described above for encircling the neck and immobilizing the wearers head while supporting the neck and head, which is characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar encircles the neck of the wearer.

In the drawings and specification there has been set forth a preferred embodiment of this invention, and al though specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation, the invention being defined by the claims.

That which is claimed is: 1. An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and substantially immobilizing the wearers head while supporting the head and neck, and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck, said cervical collar comprising:

a pair of substantially parallel, elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands held in overlapping relationship with one of said bands overlapping the other of said bands when placed in position about a wearers neck; means for releasably securing the cervical collar in encircling relation about the wearers neck; means for readily permitting the wearerof the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar is positioned about the neck, and comprising: a. an edge surface positioned on said one band, b. an elongate flexible fastener having one end thereof secured to said other band and extending vertically from said other band and looped about said edge surface such that the other end of said fastener overlies the outer face of said one band, said edge surface serving as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted upon the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar, and

c. means carried by the outer face of said one band adjacent said edge surface for releasably securing said fastener thereto to permit the fastener to be maintained in a desired position.

2. An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and substantially immobilizing the wearer's head while supporting the head and neck, and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck, said cervical collar comprising:

a pair of substantially parallel, elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands, one of said bands overlapping the other of said bands when placed in position about a wearers neck;

means slidably interconnecting said bands for vertical movement of said bands relative to each other;

means for releasably securing the cervical collar in encircling relation about the wearers neck;

means for readily permitting the wearer of the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar is positioned about the neck, and comprising:

a. an edge surface positioned on said one band,

b. an elongate flexible fastener having one end thereof secured to said other band and extending vertically from said other band and looped about said edge surface such that the other end of said fastener overlies the outer face of said one band, said edge surface serving as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted upon the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar, and

c. means carried by the outer face of said one band adjacent said edge surface for releasably securing said fastener thereto to permit the fastener to be maintained in a desired position.

3. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said means slidably interconnecting said bands comprises a plurality of spaced-apart transverse elongate slots in each of said bands, the slots in one of said bands being in mated communicating alignment with the slots in the other of said bands, and a stud having enlarged opposing end portions extending through each of said mated communicating slots for intercon necting each of said bands while allowing relative vertical movement therebetween.

4. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said elongate flexible fastener includes a patch of loose, fibrous, felt-like material, and said means for releasably securing said fastener includes numerous rows. of hook-like fastener elements, and wherein said fastener elements are adapted to releasably engage said patch of material upon being pressed together.

5. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said one band has a longitudinally extending aperture for receiving said elongate fastener therethrough, and wherein said edge surface comprises one of the longitudinal edges defining said aperture.

6. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said means for releasably securing the cervical collar in encircling relation around the wearers neck includes cooperating fastener units secured to opposing end portions of at least one of said pair of bands.

7. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 6', wherein said cooperating fastener units includes a longitudinally extending tongue integrally formed on one end of at least one of said pair of bands and having numerous rows of hook-like fastener elements secured to one side thereof, and a patch of loose, fibrous, felt-like material secured to the opposing end of at least one of said pairs of bands and releasably cooperating with the hook-like fastener elements on said tongue.

8. An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and substantially immobilizing the wearers head while supporting the head and neck and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned means for slidably interconnecting said bands for vertical movement of said bands relative to each other;

means for securing the cervical collar in encircling relation about the wearers neck;

means for readily permitting the wearer of the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar is positioned about the neck, and comprising:

a. a pair of longitudinally spaced apart apertures extending through said one band and adjacent said upper side edge thereof;

b. a pair of longitudinally spaced apart, elongate flexible fasteners secured to said other band adjacent said lower side edge thereof, each of said fasteners being substantially aligned with one of said apertures and extending upwardly and through the aligned aperture such that the other end of each fastener overlies the outer face of said one band, said apertures serving as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted on the fasteners results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar; and means carried by the outer face of said one band for releasably securing each of said fasteners thereto to permit the fasteners to be maintained in a desired position.

9. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8,

wherein each of said pair of bands has a plurality of spaced-apart perforations therein for allowing a ventilating flow of air through said pair of bands.

10. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, including an elongate strip of soft cushioning material secured to the lower longitudinally extending side edge of said one band and an elongate strip of soft cushioning material secured to the upper longitudinally extending side edge of said other band for permitting the cervical collar to conform more closely to the anatomy of the wearers neck, lower chin, and shoulders,

and making the cervical collar more comfortable while encircling the wearers neck.

11. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, wherein said pair of bands are longitudinally sinusoidal in shape for corresponding to the configuration of the head, neck and upper chest of the wearer when in encircling relation around the neck of the wearer.

' 12. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, wherein one of said apertures and associated fastener are longitudinally spaced a predetermined distance from the medial portion of the collar, and the other of said apertures and associated fastener are longitudinally'spaced a corresponding distance in the opposite direction from the medial portion of the collar. =l

Claims (12)

1. An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and substantially immobilizing the wearer''s head while supporting the head and neck, and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck, said cervical collar comprising: a pair of substantially parallel, elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands held in overlapping relationship with one of said bands overlapping the other of said bands when placed in position about a wearer''s neck; means for releasably securing the cervical collar in encircling relation about the wearer''s neck; means for readily permitting the wearer of the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar is positioned about the neck, and comprising: a. an edge surface positioned on said one band, b. an elongate flexible fastener having one end thereof secured to said other band and extending vertically from said other band and looped about said edge surface such that the other end of said fastener overlies the outer face of said one band, said edge surface serving as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted upon the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar, and c. means carried by the outer face of said one band adjacent said edge surface for releasably securing said fastener thereto to permit the fastener to be maintained in a desired position.
2. An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and substantially immobilizing the wearer''s head while supporting the head and neck, and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck, said cervical collar comprising: a pair of substantially parallel, elongate, semi-rigid, flexible bands, one of said bands overlapping the other of said bands when placed in position about a wearer''s neck; means slidably interconnecting said bands for vertical movement of said bands relative to each other; means for releasably securing the cervical collar in encircling relation about the wearer''s neck; means for readily permitting the wearer of the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar is positioned about the neck, and comprising: a. an edge surface positioned on said one band, b. an elongate flexible fastener having one end thereof secured to said other band and extending vertically from said other band and looped about said edge surface such that the other end of said fastener overlies the outer face of said one band, said edge surface serving as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted upon the fastener results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar, and c. means carried by the outer face of said one band adjacent said edge surface for releasably securing said fastener thereto to permit the fastener to be maintained in a desired position.
3. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said means slidably interconnecting said bands comprises a plurality of spaced-apart transverse elongate slots in each of said bands, the slots in one of said bands being in mated communicating alignment with the slots in the other of said bands, and a stud having enlarged opposing end portions extending through each of said mated communicating slots for interconnecting each of said bands while allowing relative vertical movement therebetween.
4. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said elongate flexible fastener includes a patch of loose, fibrous, felt-like material, and said means for Releasably securing said fastener includes numerous rows of hook-like fastener elements, and wherein said fastener elements are adapted to releasably engage said patch of material upon being pressed together.
5. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said one band has a longitudinally extending aperture for receiving said elongate fastener therethrough, and wherein said edge surface comprises one of the longitudinal edges defining said aperture.
6. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said means for releasably securing the cervical collar in encircling relation around the wearer''s neck includes cooperating fastener units secured to opposing end portions of at least one of said pair of bands.
7. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 6, wherein said cooperating fastener units includes a longitudinally extending tongue integrally formed on one end of at least one of said pair of bands and having numerous rows of hook-like fastener elements secured to one side thereof, and a patch of loose, fibrous, felt-like material secured to the opposing end of at least one of said pairs of bands and releasably cooperating with the hook-like fastener elements on said tongue.
8. An adjustable cervical collar for encircling the neck of a wearer and substantially immobilizing the wearer''s head while supporting the head and neck and characterized by the ability to be readily adjusted in height by the wearer while the collar is positioned about the neck, said cervical collar comprising: a pair of substantially parallel, elongate, semi-rigid flexible bands, one of said bands overlapping the other of said bands when placed in position about a wearer''s neck, and each of said bands defining upper and lower longitudinally extending side edges; means for slidably interconnecting said bands for vertical movement of said bands relative to each other; means for securing the cervical collar in encircling relation about the wearer''s neck; means for readily permitting the wearer of the cervical collar to adjust the height thereof while the collar is positioned about the neck, and comprising: a. a pair of longitudinally spaced apart apertures extending through said one band and adjacent said upper side edge thereof; b. a pair of longitudinally spaced apart, elongate flexible fasteners secured to said other band adjacent said lower side edge thereof, each of said fasteners being substantially aligned with one of said apertures and extending upwardly and through the aligned aperture such that the other end of each fastener overlies the outer face of said one band, said apertures serving as a bearing surface whereby a pull exerted on the fasteners results in the overlap of the bands being reduced to thereby increase the height of the collar; and c. means carried by the outer face of said one band for releasably securing each of said fasteners thereto to permit the fasteners to be maintained in a desired position.
9. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, wherein each of said pair of bands has a plurality of spaced-apart perforations therein for allowing a ventilating flow of air through said pair of bands.
10. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, including an elongate strip of soft cushioning material secured to the lower longitudinally extending side edge of said one band and an elongate strip of soft cushioning material secured to the upper longitudinally extending side edge of said other band for permitting the cervical collar to conform more closely to the anatomy of the wearer''s neck, lower chin, and shoulders, and making the cervical collar more comfortable while encircling the wearer''s neck.
11. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, wherein said pair of bands are longitudinally sinusoidal in shape for corresponding to the configuration of the head, neck and upper chest of the wearer when in encircling relation around the neck of the wearer.
12. An adjustable cervical collar according to claim 8, wherein one of said apertures and associated fastener are longitudinally spaced a predetermined distance from the medial portion of the collar, and the other of said apertures and associated fastener are longitudinally spaced a corresponding distance in the opposite direction from the medial portion of the collar.
US3916885A 1974-11-14 1974-11-14 Adjustable cervical collar Expired - Lifetime US3916885A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3916885A US3916885A (en) 1974-11-14 1974-11-14 Adjustable cervical collar

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3916885A US3916885A (en) 1974-11-14 1974-11-14 Adjustable cervical collar

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3916885A true US3916885A (en) 1975-11-04

Family

ID=24086860

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3916885A Expired - Lifetime US3916885A (en) 1974-11-14 1974-11-14 Adjustable cervical collar

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3916885A (en)

Cited By (52)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4520801A (en) * 1983-07-08 1985-06-04 Max Lerman Cervical collar
US4538597A (en) * 1983-07-08 1985-09-03 Max Lerman Cervical collar
US4827915A (en) * 1988-09-21 1989-05-09 Gorsen Robert M Spring loaded cervical collar
DE3906233A1 (en) * 1989-02-28 1990-08-30 Adev Entwicklung Vertrieb Cervicalstütze
EP0385114A1 (en) * 1989-02-28 1990-09-05 Adev, Gesellschaft Für Entwicklung Und Vertrieb Von Medizintechnischen Artikeln Mbh Cervical collar
US4958631A (en) * 1989-10-02 1990-09-25 Jeff Sarkozi Self adjusting, soft neck support collar
WO1991004719A1 (en) * 1989-10-02 1991-04-18 Jeff Sarkozi Self adjusting, soft neck support collar
US5038759A (en) * 1989-05-26 1991-08-13 Walthen Industries, Inc. Cervical orthopedic device
US5054475A (en) * 1987-11-17 1991-10-08 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US5083553A (en) * 1990-04-12 1992-01-28 Tecnol, Inc. Cervical collar
US5097824A (en) * 1990-12-07 1992-03-24 Garth Geoffrey C Extended wear cervical collar
US5180361A (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-01-19 The Jerome Group Inc. Antidecubitus immobilization cervical collar
US5215517A (en) * 1990-04-12 1993-06-01 Tecnol Medical Products, Inc. Flat cervical collar
US5230698A (en) * 1990-12-07 1993-07-27 Garth Geoffrey C Extended wear cervical collar
FR2701837A1 (en) * 1993-02-24 1994-09-02 Thuasne & Cie Method of manufacture of a cervical collar and cervical collar obtained
US5403266A (en) * 1993-07-06 1995-04-04 United States Manufacturing Company Inflatable cervical traction collar
WO1996009802A1 (en) 1994-09-29 1996-04-04 Rudy Ronald M Jr Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
US5520619A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5588957A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-12-31 Ambu International A/S Cervical collar
US5778828A (en) * 1995-10-27 1998-07-14 Ejay International Inc. Protective pet collar
US5797863A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-08-25 Ambu International A/S Collapsible cervical collar
US5865773A (en) * 1998-01-28 1999-02-02 Koledin; Michael J. Cervical extrication collar
US5993403A (en) * 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
EP0934732A3 (en) * 1998-02-09 2000-02-09 Nakamura Brace Co., Ltd. Cervical orthosis
US6036664A (en) * 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6090058A (en) * 1996-12-23 2000-07-18 Laerdal Medical Corporation Multiple-size cervical collar
US6254560B1 (en) 1998-06-08 2001-07-03 The Jerome Group, Inc. Cervical collars
US6423020B1 (en) 1999-01-14 2002-07-23 Ferno-Washington, Inc. Cervical extrication collar
US20020169401A1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2002-11-14 Walpin Lionel A. Multi-positional support device
US20040039318A1 (en) * 2002-08-22 2004-02-26 Santelli Albert Reusable cervical collar having a chin strap member fastening element with a pull cord
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6770046B2 (en) * 2002-10-29 2004-08-03 Kyle J. Hansen Minimally invasive extrication cervical collar
US20070163024A1 (en) * 2004-02-03 2007-07-19 Julia Kuehn Protective collar for the therapeutic protection of the head and face of very young children
USD616555S1 (en) 2009-09-14 2010-05-25 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device
USD616996S1 (en) 2009-09-14 2010-06-01 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device
USD616997S1 (en) 2009-09-14 2010-06-01 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device
US20100137768A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-03 Thora Thorgilsdottir Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US20110066094A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2011-03-17 Thora Thorgilsdottir Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
USD647623S1 (en) 2010-08-06 2011-10-25 Ossur Hf Height adjustment mechanism for cervical collar
USD647624S1 (en) 2010-08-06 2011-10-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
USD666302S1 (en) 2011-12-08 2012-08-28 Exos Corporation Cervical collar
US8491512B2 (en) 2010-08-26 2013-07-23 Clear Advantage Collar, Inc. Adjustable cervical collar
US20130232654A1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-12 Joe Camillo Wearable sports guard
US8657768B1 (en) 2010-07-22 2014-02-25 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar having flexible chin support
US8932243B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-01-13 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
US8951217B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2015-02-10 Exos Llc Composite material for custom fitted products
US9295748B2 (en) 2012-07-31 2016-03-29 Exos Llc Foam core sandwich splint
US9408738B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2016-08-09 Exos Llc Orthopedic brace for animals
US9561128B2 (en) 2007-06-20 2017-02-07 Exos Llc Orthopedic system for immobilizing and supporting body parts
US9655761B2 (en) 2012-11-12 2017-05-23 Djo, Llc Orthopedic back brace
US9687380B1 (en) 2014-05-12 2017-06-27 David L. Falk Cervical collar brace kit, collar blanks, methods of forming a model of a patient, and methods of forming collar blanks
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2801630A (en) * 1955-12-23 1957-08-06 Arthur R Moore Cervical collar
US3135256A (en) * 1961-05-22 1964-06-02 Surgical Appliance Ind Cervical collar
US3504667A (en) * 1966-11-14 1970-04-07 Archie J Mcfarlane Head brace
US3512523A (en) * 1967-02-27 1970-05-19 Harry E Barnett Cervical collar with means for varying the height and shape thereof
US3530853A (en) * 1966-12-07 1970-09-29 John L Bond Cervical collar

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2801630A (en) * 1955-12-23 1957-08-06 Arthur R Moore Cervical collar
US3135256A (en) * 1961-05-22 1964-06-02 Surgical Appliance Ind Cervical collar
US3504667A (en) * 1966-11-14 1970-04-07 Archie J Mcfarlane Head brace
US3530853A (en) * 1966-12-07 1970-09-29 John L Bond Cervical collar
US3512523A (en) * 1967-02-27 1970-05-19 Harry E Barnett Cervical collar with means for varying the height and shape thereof

Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4538597A (en) * 1983-07-08 1985-09-03 Max Lerman Cervical collar
US4520801A (en) * 1983-07-08 1985-06-04 Max Lerman Cervical collar
US5054475A (en) * 1987-11-17 1991-10-08 Charles Greiner And Company, Inc. Emergency medical collar, collar/stabilizer, collar/stabilizer/head immobilizer
US4827915A (en) * 1988-09-21 1989-05-09 Gorsen Robert M Spring loaded cervical collar
US5005564A (en) * 1989-02-28 1991-04-09 Adev Gesellschaft Fur Entwicklung Und Vertrieb Von Medizintechnishen Artikein Mbh Cervical support
EP0385114A1 (en) * 1989-02-28 1990-09-05 Adev, Gesellschaft Für Entwicklung Und Vertrieb Von Medizintechnischen Artikeln Mbh Cervical collar
DE3906233A1 (en) * 1989-02-28 1990-08-30 Adev Entwicklung Vertrieb Cervicalstütze
US5038759A (en) * 1989-05-26 1991-08-13 Walthen Industries, Inc. Cervical orthopedic device
US4958631A (en) * 1989-10-02 1990-09-25 Jeff Sarkozi Self adjusting, soft neck support collar
WO1991004719A1 (en) * 1989-10-02 1991-04-18 Jeff Sarkozi Self adjusting, soft neck support collar
US5215517A (en) * 1990-04-12 1993-06-01 Tecnol Medical Products, Inc. Flat cervical collar
US5083553A (en) * 1990-04-12 1992-01-28 Tecnol, Inc. Cervical collar
US5180361A (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-01-19 The Jerome Group Inc. Antidecubitus immobilization cervical collar
US5437612A (en) * 1990-11-28 1995-08-01 The Jerome Group Antidecubitus immobilization cervical collar
US5230698A (en) * 1990-12-07 1993-07-27 Garth Geoffrey C Extended wear cervical collar
US5097824A (en) * 1990-12-07 1992-03-24 Garth Geoffrey C Extended wear cervical collar
FR2701837A1 (en) * 1993-02-24 1994-09-02 Thuasne & Cie Method of manufacture of a cervical collar and cervical collar obtained
US6245033B1 (en) 1993-05-20 2001-06-12 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5520619A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5588957A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-12-31 Ambu International A/S Cervical collar
US5728054A (en) * 1993-05-20 1998-03-17 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5993403A (en) * 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5403266A (en) * 1993-07-06 1995-04-04 United States Manufacturing Company Inflatable cervical traction collar
US6036664A (en) * 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
WO1996009802A1 (en) 1994-09-29 1996-04-04 Rudy Ronald M Jr Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
USRE36745E (en) * 1994-09-29 2000-06-20 Ambu Inc. Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
US5778828A (en) * 1995-10-27 1998-07-14 Ejay International Inc. Protective pet collar
US5797863A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-08-25 Ambu International A/S Collapsible cervical collar
US6090058A (en) * 1996-12-23 2000-07-18 Laerdal Medical Corporation Multiple-size cervical collar
US5865773A (en) * 1998-01-28 1999-02-02 Koledin; Michael J. Cervical extrication collar
EP0934732A3 (en) * 1998-02-09 2000-02-09 Nakamura Brace Co., Ltd. Cervical orthosis
US6027467A (en) * 1998-02-09 2000-02-22 Nakamura Brace Co., Ltd. Cervical orthosis
US6254560B1 (en) 1998-06-08 2001-07-03 The Jerome Group, Inc. Cervical collars
US6423020B1 (en) 1999-01-14 2002-07-23 Ferno-Washington, Inc. Cervical extrication collar
US20020169401A1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2002-11-14 Walpin Lionel A. Multi-positional support device
US7090652B2 (en) * 2002-08-22 2006-08-15 Santelli Jr Albert Reusable cervical collar having a chin strap member fastening element with a pull cord
US20040039318A1 (en) * 2002-08-22 2004-02-26 Santelli Albert Reusable cervical collar having a chin strap member fastening element with a pull cord
US6770046B2 (en) * 2002-10-29 2004-08-03 Kyle J. Hansen Minimally invasive extrication cervical collar
US20070163024A1 (en) * 2004-02-03 2007-07-19 Julia Kuehn Protective collar for the therapeutic protection of the head and face of very young children
US9561128B2 (en) 2007-06-20 2017-02-07 Exos Llc Orthopedic system for immobilizing and supporting body parts
US20100137768A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-03 Thora Thorgilsdottir Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US8858481B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-10-14 Ossur Hf Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US9668906B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2017-06-06 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
US20110066094A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2011-03-17 Thora Thorgilsdottir Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US7981068B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2011-07-19 Ossur Hf Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US20110224591A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2011-09-15 Thora Thorgilsdottir Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US8038636B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2011-10-18 Ossur Hf Cervical collar having height and circumferential adjustment
US8870800B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-10-28 össur hf Cervical collar
US8679044B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2014-03-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar with reduced vascular obstruction
US8951217B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2015-02-10 Exos Llc Composite material for custom fitted products
US9757265B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2017-09-12 Djo, Llc Composite material for custom fitted products
USD616996S1 (en) 2009-09-14 2010-06-01 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device
USD616555S1 (en) 2009-09-14 2010-05-25 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device
USD616997S1 (en) 2009-09-14 2010-06-01 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device
US8657768B1 (en) 2010-07-22 2014-02-25 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar having flexible chin support
USD647624S1 (en) 2010-08-06 2011-10-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
USD647623S1 (en) 2010-08-06 2011-10-25 Ossur Hf Height adjustment mechanism for cervical collar
US8491512B2 (en) 2010-08-26 2013-07-23 Clear Advantage Collar, Inc. Adjustable cervical collar
US8932243B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-01-13 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
USD666302S1 (en) 2011-12-08 2012-08-28 Exos Corporation Cervical collar
US20130232654A1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-12 Joe Camillo Wearable sports guard
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
US9295748B2 (en) 2012-07-31 2016-03-29 Exos Llc Foam core sandwich splint
US9408738B2 (en) 2012-08-01 2016-08-09 Exos Llc Orthopedic brace for animals
US9655761B2 (en) 2012-11-12 2017-05-23 Djo, Llc Orthopedic back brace
US9687380B1 (en) 2014-05-12 2017-06-27 David L. Falk Cervical collar brace kit, collar blanks, methods of forming a model of a patient, and methods of forming collar blanks

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3473527A (en) Orthopedic knee support
US3598114A (en) Adjustable rib belt
US3586001A (en) Medical compress
US3320950A (en) Neck brace
US3463147A (en) Body joint support
US3434469A (en) Orthopedic appliance
US3561436A (en) Thoracic belt
US3442270A (en) Surgical binder
US3338236A (en) Padded clavicle splint
US3359976A (en) Portable device for maintaining the back of a vertebral body in traction
US3554194A (en) Arm sling
US3306284A (en) Cervical brace
US3351053A (en) Flexion back brace
US5656023A (en) Adjustable knee support
US3220406A (en) Cervical collar
US5536246A (en) Back support system with interchangeable and positionally adjustable orthotic supports
US5857990A (en) Orthopedic garment for dynamic scapular and acromio-clavicular stabilization, including dynamically enhancing proper posture
US3717143A (en) Lumbo-sacral support
US3696810A (en) Cervical collar having means for providing a plurality of different angular positions
US4538597A (en) Cervical collar
US6182311B1 (en) Therapeutic between-the-legs support pillow assembly
US4913135A (en) Cervical brace
US4736477A (en) Knee pillow
US2904040A (en) Cervical brace
US5152741A (en) Surgical chest dressing