US3902445A - Air-cushioned planing hull - Google Patents

Air-cushioned planing hull Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3902445A
US3902445A US448702A US44870274A US3902445A US 3902445 A US3902445 A US 3902445A US 448702 A US448702 A US 448702A US 44870274 A US44870274 A US 44870274A US 3902445 A US3902445 A US 3902445A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
air
hull
tunnel
step
boat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US448702A
Inventor
Leonard Dirk Stolk
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
STOLK RHODA GLADYS 52 HILLTOP PARADE CLEARVILLE AUSTRALIA
Original Assignee
Leonard Dirk Stolk
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US27061572A priority Critical
Application filed by Leonard Dirk Stolk filed Critical Leonard Dirk Stolk
Priority to US448702A priority patent/US3902445A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3902445A publication Critical patent/US3902445A/en
Assigned to STOLK RHODA GLADYS, 52 HILLTOP PARADE, CLEARVILLE, AUSTRALIA reassignment STOLK RHODA GLADYS, 52 HILLTOP PARADE, CLEARVILLE, AUSTRALIA ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: STOLKRHODA G., EXECUTRIX OF THE ESTATE OF LEONARD D. STOLK, DECEASED
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/32Other means for varying the inherent hydrodynamic characteristics of hulls
    • B63B1/34Other means for varying the inherent hydrodynamic characteristics of hulls by reducing surface friction
    • B63B1/38Other means for varying the inherent hydrodynamic characteristics of hulls by reducing surface friction using air bubbles or air layers gas filled volumes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/16Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces
    • B63B1/18Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type
    • B63B1/20Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type having more than one planing surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B2001/005Deflectors for spray, e.g. for guiding spray generated at the bow of a planing vessel underneath the hull
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/16Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces
    • B63B1/18Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type
    • B63B2001/186Sponsons; Arrangements thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/16Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces
    • B63B1/18Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type
    • B63B1/20Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type having more than one planing surface
    • B63B2001/201Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type having more than one planing surface divided by longitudinal chines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/16Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces
    • B63B1/18Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type
    • B63B1/20Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type having more than one planing surface
    • B63B2001/202Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils deriving additional lift from hydrodynamic forces of hydroplane type having more than one planing surface divided by transverse steps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T70/00Maritime or waterways transport
    • Y02T70/10Measures concerning design or construction of watercraft hulls
    • Y02T70/12Improving hydrodynamics of hull
    • Y02T70/121Reducing surface friction
    • Y02T70/122Air lubrication, air cavity systems

Abstract

An air-cushioned planing hull for a boat having an air-vented transverse step extending across the width of the underside of the hull, with the port and starboard keels extending backward on each side of the hull from the transverse step to the transom, such that, when planing, the keel rides on three points provided by the two outermost of the steps and the rearmost point of the hull.

Description

United States Patent [191 Stolk [451 Sept. 2, 1975 AlR-CUSHIONED PLANING HULL [76] Inventor: Leonard Dirk Stolk, 51 Hilltop Rd.,

Clareville, New South Wales, Australia [22] Filed: Mar. 6, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 448,702

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 270,615, July 11,

1972, abandoned.

[52] US. Cl ll4/66.5 S; 114/62 [51] Int. Cl. B63B l/l8 [58] Field of Search 114/61-62,

114/66.5 R, 66.5 F, 66.5 H, 66.5 P, 66.5 S, 114/67 R, 67 A; 9/6

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,656,411 1/1928 Baldwin 114/67 A 12/1963 Brownback 114/65.5 R 12/1971 Mitton 114/61 Primary Examiner-Trygve M. Blix Assistant Examiner-Jesus D. Sotelo Attorney, Agent, or FirmEdward C. Threedy ABSTRACT An air-cushioned planing hull] for a boat having an airvented transverse step extending across the width of the underside of the hull, with the port and starboard keels extending backward on each side of the hull from the transverse step to the transom, such that, when planing, the keel rides on three points provided by the two outermost of the steps and the rearmost point of the hull.

7 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures pending application, Ser. No. 270,615, filed July ll, 1972, on an Improved Air-Cushioned Planing I-Iull,

now abandoned.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention provides a boat having a planing hull of the type known as a marine G.E.M. or ground effect machine, the hull comprising an air-vented transverse step extending in a plane substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the boat across substantially the width of the underside and intermediate the ends of the hull, the hull having a keel forward of the step and having a substantially inverted V-shaped cross section forwardv of the step, the depth of the cross section reducing in area in the direction of said step, port and starboard keels continuing from the step on either side of said hull, a stepped-down center keel extending aft of said transverse step to the transom of the boat and increasing in depth in the direction of its length, forming with said port and starboard side keels an air pressure retaining cavity extending beneath that portion of the hull between the step and the transom, and means to enable air to be forced through the transverse step and into said air pressure retaining cavity whereby the hull can plane on a portion of the port and starboard side keels and said stepped down center keel when the boat is in motion.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION A boat embodying the invention will now be described with reference, by way of example, to a preferred embodiment for smooth water operations as illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. I is a side view of a planing hull according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a front end view of the same hull showing hull section lines A, B and C corresponding to those in FIG. 6;

FIG. 3 is a rear end view of the same hull;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the hull from below;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of the hull;

FIG. 6 is a view showing the hull section on lines A, B and C of FIG. 2;

FIG. 7 shows a transverse sectional view on line 7-7 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 8 shows a transverse sectional view on line 8-8 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 9 shows a transverse sectional view on line 99 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 10 shows a transverse sectional view on line 1010 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 11 shows a front end view, similar to FIG. 2, of a modified arrangement.

Referring to the drawings, a tunnel hull 10 has port and starboard bilge Vs 11 with a center section 12, chines 13, and a foredeck 14 with an aircowl 15. Be neath the foredeck 14 are sheer strakes 16 on each side of the hull 10, and beneath the sheer strakes 16 is provided side straking 17. The center section 12 fairs into a straked forward bilge keel 18, a garboard strake being shown at 19 and a stepped-down after keel 20 extending to the rear of the boat. Outwardly inclined bottom straking 32 is provided at the bottom of the steppeddown after keel 20. A two-part transverse step 21 is provided with one part extending from each side of the center section 12. Each part of the transverse step 21 is triangular in section and is four times deeper at the port and starboard bilge VS 11 than it is at the center section 12 as shown in the transverse section illustrated in FIG. 8. Both parts are provided with air outlet vents 23. Air intake vents 26 are connected to the air outlet vents 23 provided in each part: of the transverse step 21 by an air tunnel 27. The aircowl 15 is supported by cowl struts 31.

Port and starboard side keels 24 extend one on each side of the boat from the transverse step to the transom 25 to maintain air pressure. The air pressure is formed by air entering intake vent 26 and passing out through the air vents 23, and by sufficient planing speed together with air which is forced through the opening 22 provided between the bilge Vs 11 and the waterline 41 when the boat is in motion.

The restriction caused by the reduction in cross sectional area and the wedge so formed by the water surface 41 at the hull section shown in FIG. 7 to the trailing edge position shown in FIG. 8 at the transverse step 21 and the stepped-down keel 20 shown in FIG. 9 to the trailing edge position at the transom 25 shown in FIG. 10, reduces the incoming air velocity with a consequent increase in pressure on the underside of the hull section bilge Vs 11 and the stepped-down afterkeel section 20. This increase in pressure or ground effect" produces lifting forces acting on the boat and, at maximum load, may reduce draft by as much as 85%.

It will be appreciated that any suitable location for the air intake vents 26 may be adopted. For example, it has been found advantageous to form the intake vents below the foredeck 14 of the boat in the upper part of the port and starboard bilge Vs 11, one vent aperture 50 being provided on each side of the center section 12 as shown in FIG. 11 of the drawings. If this arrangement is adopted, then each aperture 50 is connected by a tunnel to an air outlet vent 23 in the part of the transverse step 21 which is on the same side of the hull as that aperture.

Inside the hull the usual fittings may be provided as required. For example, transverse ribs or frames and longitudinals (not shown) may be provided to give additional hull strength. A box keel (also not shown) may also be included.

In the present boat seventy per cent of the lift is by air. When in flight the combined wetted areas of the present craft (36, 37 and 20a) in the drawing (see FIG. 4) form only eight per cent (8%) of the water plane area. If the boat speed is increased so that port and starboard bilge vs 36 and 37 lift clear from the water surface as far as the transverse step, the ground effect of lifting forces in front of the transverse step will decrease rapidly. The rear lifting forces will increase as more air passes through the tunnel under the hull and because of these forces, combined with the fact that the center of gravity is approximately in the center of the boat (because the combined aerodynamic and hydrodynamic forces act approximately on the center of the boat), rearward flip will be minimized or eliminated and a constant trim angle will be assured.

At low speed, air passing through vents 23 provided on the transverse step serves to minimize any extra drag caused by the closed-in section of the hull behind the step. The front section of the hull forward of the transverse step has an inverted deep V-bottom, preferably with dead rise angle at the step. The back section of the hull aft of the step has an air pressure retaining cavity extending between that portion of the hull between the step and the transom. A center section is provided forward of the step to give sufficient longitudinal and lateral strength. The center section may be shaped so as to roll water under the hull to give the boat its initial lift before the air lift takes over. The center section does not function as a sub-hull and has no effect on the performance of the boat because, when the boat attains sufficient speed, the center section is raised out of the water.

When driven forward the hull of the present invention is lifted and supported by the upward force exerted by the air on the inclined surface of the front inverted V-hull and the stepped-down rear tunnel section, and this double or two-fold ground effect or aerodynamic lift acting under the hull, is the main lifting force to lift the boat.

In operation, an outboard motor unit 42 may be provided which drives a propeller 43 initially to move the boat forward. Water resting in the air tunnel 27 up to the load water line 41a as shown in FIG. 8 when the boat is at rest, is drawn out as air is forced in through the air inlets 26 and through the air tunnels 27 during forward motion of the boat. If the air pressure under the hull exceeds the pressure in the air tunnels 27, then air will flow in a reverse direction through the tunnels 27. If desired, a reverse flow may also be obtained mechanically by obstructing the airflow into the intake vents 26.

When in flight, the hull planes on the two rear areas of the port and starboard bilge Vs as shown at 36 and 37 and the rear center point as shown at 20a. These points are shown as dotted areas in FIG. 4, and provide the directional stability of the hull.

Because of the stepped construction, the combined aerohydrodynamic pressure is approximately in the middle of the boat and consequently so also is the center of gravity of the boat.

The air holes or air vents 23 are located on the rib or frame where the step is formed on each side of the center section 12 as shown in FIG. 4.

The invention when incorporated into a boat is highly successful in maintaining planing speed and constant trim angle combined with stability and, when built as a seagoing craft with a suitably refined nose section and longer waver breaker centerpiece than has been shown in the illustrated example, is able to sustain substantial amounts of pounding from waves and rough seas-If used for seagoing duty, desirably strengthening ribs, longitudinals, and a box keel for added hull strength are provided.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred form of construction for carrying my invention into effect, this is capable of variation and modification without departing from the spirit of the invention. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the precise details of construction set forth, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modifications as come within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. A boat having a planing tunnel hull comprising a. a hull having a forward tunnel and a rearward tunnel,

b. a transverse step extending across the full width of and between said forward tunnel and said rearward tunnel of the hull,

c. said forward tunnel reducing in depth and transverse cross sectional area as it approaches said transverse step,

d. said rearward tunnel reducing in depth and transverse cross sectional area as it extends from said step toward the transom of the hull so that the forward cross sectional area of said rearward tunnel has a greater depth than the rearward cross sectional area of said forward tunnel so as to provide a stepped-up rear tunnel hull at said transverse step,

e. air ramming means comprising air vents formed in the hull forward of said transverse step and having outlet vents in said step opening into said rearward tunnel,

f. port and starboard side keels extending rearwardly of said transverse step on either side of said rearward tunnel, said port and starboard side keels cooperating with said stepped-up rearward tunnel to form an air pressure retaining cavity extending rearwardly of said air vents whereby the hull planes on said port and starboard side keels on an air cushion under the entire length of the hull.

2. A boat as claimed in claim 1 wherein the means ramming air through the transverse step comprises an air tunnel extending from an air intake at a forward part of the boat to air vents in the transverse step, which vents communicate with the cavity formed beneath said portion of the hull, air being forced into the air tunnel by forward movement of the boat.

3. A boat as claimed in claim 1 wherein the transverse step comprises two parts each part extending from the keel forward of the step to the port and starboard side keels respectively.

4. A boat as claimed in claim 2 wherein the transverse step comprises two parts each part extending from the keel forward of the step to the port and starboard side keels respectively.

5. A boat as claimed in claim 3 wherein each part of the transverse step is provided with an air vent.

6. A boat as claimed in claim 4 wherein each part of the transverse step is provided with an air vent.

7. A boat as claimed in claim 5 wherein the air intake comprises an aperture formed in the hull on each side of the keel forward of the step and a tunnel extending from each aperture to the air vent in each part of the transverse step.

Claims (7)

1. A boat having a planing tunnel hull comprising a. a hull having a forward tunnel and a rearward tunnel, b. a transverse step extending across the full width of and between said forward tunnel and said rearward tunnel of the hull, c. said forward tunnel reducing in depth and transverse cross sectional area as it approaches said transverse step, d. said rearward tunnel reducing in depth and transverse cross sectional area as it extends from said step toward the transom of the hull so that the forward cross sectional area of said rearward tunnel has a greater depth than the rearward cross sectional area of said forward tunnel so as to provide a stepped-up rear tunnel hull at said transverse step, e. air ramming means comprising air vents formed in the hull forward of said transverse step and having outlet vents in said step opening into said rearward tunnel, f. port and starboard side keels extending rearwardly of said transverse step on either side of said rearward tunnel, g. said port and starboard side keels cooperating with said stepped-up rearward tunnel to form an air pressure retaining cavity extending rearwardly of said air vents whereby The hull planes on said port and starboard side keels on an air cushion under the entire length of the hull.
2. A boat as claimed in claim 1 wherein the means ramming air through the transverse step comprises an air tunnel extending from an air intake at a forward part of the boat to air vents in the transverse step, which vents communicate with the cavity formed beneath said portion of the hull, air being forced into the air tunnel by forward movement of the boat.
3. A boat as claimed in claim 1 wherein the transverse step comprises two parts each part extending from the keel forward of the step to the port and starboard side keels respectively.
4. A boat as claimed in claim 2 wherein the transverse step comprises two parts each part extending from the keel forward of the step to the port and starboard side keels respectively.
5. A boat as claimed in claim 3 wherein each part of the transverse step is provided with an air vent.
6. A boat as claimed in claim 4 wherein each part of the transverse step is provided with an air vent.
7. A boat as claimed in claim 5 wherein the air intake comprises an aperture formed in the hull on each side of the keel forward of the step and a tunnel extending from each aperture to the air vent in each part of the transverse step.
US448702A 1972-07-11 1974-03-06 Air-cushioned planing hull Expired - Lifetime US3902445A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US27061572A true 1972-07-11 1972-07-11
US448702A US3902445A (en) 1972-07-11 1974-03-06 Air-cushioned planing hull

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US448702A US3902445A (en) 1972-07-11 1974-03-06 Air-cushioned planing hull

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3902445A true US3902445A (en) 1975-09-02

Family

ID=26954392

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US448702A Expired - Lifetime US3902445A (en) 1972-07-11 1974-03-06 Air-cushioned planing hull

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3902445A (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4193369A (en) * 1978-04-24 1980-03-18 Talamantes Carlos Jr High speed boat hull
FR2519930A1 (en) * 1982-01-15 1983-07-22 Orhan Albert Planing hull for marine vessel - has gas discharge ducts at inlet to exhaust venturi in bottom of hull
EP0102424A1 (en) * 1982-09-03 1984-03-14 Donald E. Burg A boat hull
US4492176A (en) * 1982-01-04 1985-01-08 Arima Marine International, Inc. Boat hull
US4538540A (en) * 1983-02-21 1985-09-03 Adventure Plastics Pty Ltd HUll construction
US4574724A (en) * 1984-05-17 1986-03-11 David L. DelNero Boat-hull construction
US4862817A (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-09-05 Howard C. Hornsby, Jr. Water vehicle
US4907520A (en) * 1988-06-01 1990-03-13 Pipkorn Howard W High performance boat hull with anti-spin sponson
US5016552A (en) * 1988-02-05 1991-05-21 Ludlow Roy S Boat hull
US5140930A (en) * 1987-04-30 1992-08-25 Rhoda Stolk And Stolkraft Pty. Ltd. Water craft
WO1992016406A1 (en) * 1991-03-14 1992-10-01 Anthony Francis Pusterla High speed water craft
US5474014A (en) * 1995-03-16 1995-12-12 Russell; Daniel N. Non-linear tunnel hull boat
FR2765153A1 (en) * 1997-06-30 1998-12-31 Jean Claude Chauveau Land or water craft nacelle
US6067923A (en) * 1998-07-08 2000-05-30 Ratlieff, Jr.; William D. Turbulent stabilizing venturi system
US6526903B2 (en) * 1998-09-22 2003-03-04 Mangia Onda Co., Llc High speed M-shaped boat hull
US6546890B1 (en) * 2000-08-18 2003-04-15 David R. Craig Boat hull
WO2003045769A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-05 Anthony Jabez Little Multi-hull marine craft
US20090188419A1 (en) * 2008-01-24 2009-07-30 Lindstrom Albert K Boat hull with air augmented center v-hull and aerated sponsons
CN104044720A (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-17 曹漪 Function conversion device for bottom air spraying of ships and boats
US9238499B1 (en) 2015-04-01 2016-01-19 3Madmen Wakesurfing boat
US9517813B2 (en) 2012-12-21 2016-12-13 Brunswick Corporation Hybrid monohull planing vessels
US10173751B1 (en) 2018-03-26 2019-01-08 William Ratlieff Tunnel vent venturi for water craft
US10293887B1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2019-05-21 Paul D. Kennamer, Sr. High speed ship with tri-hull

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1656411A (en) * 1926-10-12 1928-01-17 John H Thomas Marine craft
US3113543A (en) * 1961-12-06 1963-12-10 Brownback Henry Lowe Inverted v-bottom boats
US3625173A (en) * 1969-08-08 1971-12-07 Mitton Hulls for power boats

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1656411A (en) * 1926-10-12 1928-01-17 John H Thomas Marine craft
US3113543A (en) * 1961-12-06 1963-12-10 Brownback Henry Lowe Inverted v-bottom boats
US3625173A (en) * 1969-08-08 1971-12-07 Mitton Hulls for power boats

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4193369A (en) * 1978-04-24 1980-03-18 Talamantes Carlos Jr High speed boat hull
US4492176A (en) * 1982-01-04 1985-01-08 Arima Marine International, Inc. Boat hull
FR2519930A1 (en) * 1982-01-15 1983-07-22 Orhan Albert Planing hull for marine vessel - has gas discharge ducts at inlet to exhaust venturi in bottom of hull
EP0102424A1 (en) * 1982-09-03 1984-03-14 Donald E. Burg A boat hull
US4538540A (en) * 1983-02-21 1985-09-03 Adventure Plastics Pty Ltd HUll construction
US4574724A (en) * 1984-05-17 1986-03-11 David L. DelNero Boat-hull construction
US5140930A (en) * 1987-04-30 1992-08-25 Rhoda Stolk And Stolkraft Pty. Ltd. Water craft
US4862817A (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-09-05 Howard C. Hornsby, Jr. Water vehicle
US5016552A (en) * 1988-02-05 1991-05-21 Ludlow Roy S Boat hull
US4907520A (en) * 1988-06-01 1990-03-13 Pipkorn Howard W High performance boat hull with anti-spin sponson
WO1992016406A1 (en) * 1991-03-14 1992-10-01 Anthony Francis Pusterla High speed water craft
US5474014A (en) * 1995-03-16 1995-12-12 Russell; Daniel N. Non-linear tunnel hull boat
FR2765153A1 (en) * 1997-06-30 1998-12-31 Jean Claude Chauveau Land or water craft nacelle
US6067923A (en) * 1998-07-08 2000-05-30 Ratlieff, Jr.; William D. Turbulent stabilizing venturi system
US6526903B2 (en) * 1998-09-22 2003-03-04 Mangia Onda Co., Llc High speed M-shaped boat hull
US6546890B1 (en) * 2000-08-18 2003-04-15 David R. Craig Boat hull
WO2003045769A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-05 Anthony Jabez Little Multi-hull marine craft
US20050204981A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2005-09-22 Little Anthony J Multi-hull marine craft
US20090188419A1 (en) * 2008-01-24 2009-07-30 Lindstrom Albert K Boat hull with air augmented center v-hull and aerated sponsons
US10293887B1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2019-05-21 Paul D. Kennamer, Sr. High speed ship with tri-hull
RU2624142C2 (en) * 2012-12-21 2017-06-30 Брунсвик Корпорейшн Hybrid single-body glassing vessel
US9517813B2 (en) 2012-12-21 2016-12-13 Brunswick Corporation Hybrid monohull planing vessels
CN104044720A (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-17 曹漪 Function conversion device for bottom air spraying of ships and boats
US9238499B1 (en) 2015-04-01 2016-01-19 3Madmen Wakesurfing boat
US9242700B1 (en) 2015-04-01 2016-01-26 3Madmen Wakesurfing boat
US10501150B1 (en) 2017-03-27 2019-12-10 William Ratlieff Tunnel vent venturi for water craft
US10173751B1 (en) 2018-03-26 2019-01-08 William Ratlieff Tunnel vent venturi for water craft

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3141436A (en) Hydrofoil assisted air cushion boat
US3027860A (en) Anti-friction hull
CA2249242C (en) Surface effect vessel hull
US5415120A (en) Multiple hull air ride craft
US3547064A (en) Planing step
US4689026A (en) Propeller tunnel baffle and method
US4091761A (en) Modified tunnel hull boat
US6520104B1 (en) Arrangement and method for dynamic control of the movements and course of a high-speed ship hull
US4392445A (en) Flexible bow air ride boat hull
US6311635B1 (en) Monohull having stern stabilizers for a high speed ship
US3661111A (en) Aerofoilboat
EP0382722B1 (en) Water craft
US3968762A (en) Triple hybrid watercraft
US5592895A (en) Small waterplane area high speed ship
US5937777A (en) Monohull water-borne craft
US3382833A (en) High-speed motorboat hull
US4915048A (en) Vessel with improved hydrodynamic performance
CA2303287C (en) Boat hull with center v-hull and sponsons
US5080032A (en) Monohull fast sealift or semi-planing monohull ship
US5176095A (en) Multiple hull air ride boat
AU625860B2 (en) Improved hull construction for a swath vessel
KR101117038B1 (en) Air cavity vessel with wedge-shaped cavities, longitudinally offset cavities, and roll control means and method for constructing the same
US4672905A (en) Boat hull with center V-hull and sponsons
US4165703A (en) Air ride boat hull
US3742888A (en) Stable multiple-chamber air cushion boat hull

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: STOLK RHODA GLADYS, 52 HILLTOP PARADE, CLEARVILLE,

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:STOLKRHODA G., EXECUTRIX OF THE ESTATE OF LEONARD D. STOLK, DECEASED;REEL/FRAME:004254/0022

Effective date: 19820506