US3896526A - Friction binder having variable clamping forces - Google Patents

Friction binder having variable clamping forces Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3896526A
US3896526A US42769273A US3896526A US 3896526 A US3896526 A US 3896526A US 42769273 A US42769273 A US 42769273A US 3896526 A US3896526 A US 3896526A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
clamp members
spring
clamp
force
lever arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Thomas R Joiner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PLAN HOLD CORP
Original Assignee
PLAN HOLD CORP
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PLAN HOLD CORP filed Critical PLAN HOLD CORP
Priority to US42769273 priority Critical patent/US3896526A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3896526A publication Critical patent/US3896526A/en
Assigned to MNC COMMERCIAL CORP. reassignment MNC COMMERCIAL CORP. SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: PLAN HOLD CORPORATION
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Assigned to PLAN HOLD CORPORATION reassignment PLAN HOLD CORPORATION RELEASE OF SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: MNC CREDIT CORP. (AS SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO MNC COMMERCIAL CORP.
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42FSHEETS TEMPORARILY ATTACHED TOGETHER; FILING APPLIANCES; FILE CARDS; INDEXING
    • B42F9/00Filing appliances with devices clamping file edges; Covers with clamping backs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D17/00Hanging or securing devices for books, newspapers or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/20Paper fastener
    • Y10T24/201Paper fastener with screw threaded or notch engaging securing means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44017Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof with specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured
    • Y10T24/44026Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof with specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured for cooperating with aperture in supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44291Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member
    • Y10T24/44496Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member with operator means for moving pivoted member
    • Y10T24/44513Camming or wedging element
    • Y10T24/44521Pivoted or rotated element

Abstract

A friction binder device for vertical filing of sheet material clamped or held along an edge margin thereof. The friction binder includes clamp members relatively movable into clamping closed position and into open position for release of the material, the clamp members being operable to impose a variable clamping force responsive to and in accordance with the number of sheets of thickness of the material held. The variable clamping force is provided by a floating yieldable actuating means which includes a pivotally mounted lever arm having a cam surface acting against a spring means which is seated on a support member of channel section, in one example, or upon a portion of one of the clamp members in another example.

Description

United States Patent [191 Joiner [451 July 29,1975
1 1 FRICTION BINDER HAVING VARIABLE CLAMPING FORCES [52] US. Cl. 24/67.l; 24/251; 211/48 [51] Int. Cl. B42F l/00; A47F 5/08 [58] Field of Search 24/67.1, 67 R, 251, 263 B,
[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,397,930 11/1921 .lefferies 24/250 R 1,911,277 5/1933 Helmer 211/46 X 12/1911 United Kingdom 24/263 B 2/1924 United Kingdom 24/67 R Primary ExaminerDonald A. Griffin Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Edward F. .laros 157] ABSTRACT A friction binder device for vertical filing of sheet material clamped or held along an edge margin thereof. The friction binder includes clamp members relatively movable into clamping closed position and into open position for release of the material, the clamp members being operable to impose a variable clamping force responsive to and in accordance with the number of sheets of thickness of the material held. The variable clamping force is provided by a floating yieldable actuating means which includes a pivotally mounted lever arm having a cam surface acting against a spring means which is seated on a support member of channel section, in one example, or upon a portion of one of the clamp members in another example.
18 Claims, 20 Drawing Figures PATENTEU JUL29 1975 PATENTED JUL 2 9 1975 -Kin" FRICTION BINDER HAVING VARIABLE CLAMPING FORCES BACKGROUND OF INVENTION There are many advantages in vertically filing sheet material of large size such as architectural and engineering drawings, construction plans, maps, swatches of fabric, advertising layouts, and the like. In such vertical filing, edge margins of one or more sheets are gripped and held by clamp members of a binder device. Such friction binder devices have generally included a three piece construction in which a generally U section channel support member provides an opening in which a pair of longitudinally extending clamp members are moved inwardly and outwardly by a bolt type actuating means to cause clamping or unclamping of the clamp members.
Such prior proposed friction binder devices are described in several United States Letters Patent namely, U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,869,210, 2,990,961, 1,911,277, 3,221,892, and 3,729,099. Two piece friction binder constructions in which two angle section clamp members are arranged with respect to an actuating means for clamping and unclamping the clamp members are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,069,737 and 3,364,528.
In the prior binder constructions mentioned above and using both three piece and two piece arrangements, the actuating means for the clamp members has included a bolt and nut assembly in which the nut, which may be in the form of a wing nut, is rotated on the threads of the bolt to impart a clamping force to the jaws and to the sheet material to be held thereby. Such hand tightening of wing nuts was relatively time consuming, became more difficult as the number of sheets of material were increased and were required to be held by the clamp members. In some instances the forces required to satisfactorily hold a large number of sheets of material became so great that tightening of the wing nuts by hand was not adequate. Moreover, such clamping forces applied at only two or three locations over a relatively long length of binder produced lateral bending of the clamp members.
In another type of prior proposed clamp construction U.S. Pat. No. 1,397,930, jaw members were loosely held by a ring at one end, the sectional configuration of the jaw members at the other end were arcuate in form to improve the grasp of the jaw members on margins of paper inserted therebetween, and a lever type actuating means was arranged laterally of the jaw members and acted on the sides of the jaw members. Such a prior proposed clamp was not adapted for use with other like clamps when the clamped material was to be supported vertically in a cabinet or other enclosure where clamps are arranged in close relation to facilitate storage of a maximum amount of material.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION The present invention relates to a novel friction binder which avoids many of the disadvantages of the prior proposed constructions and provides convenient rapid clamping or releasing of sheet material in minimum and maximum quantities.
The present invention particularly relates to a floating yieldable means for applying a variable force to clamp members whereby adequate force is available to hold one sheet of material and such force is increased as the number of sheets of material increase so as to adequately clamp and hold a maximum number of sheets of material.
An object of the invention is to provide a friction binder device having variable force applying means wherein application of maximum clamping force is accomplished as readily as application of minimum clamping force, such changes in force application being facilitated by a cooperable spring member and a lever arm having a cam surface coacting with the spring force.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a friction binder device having a novel clamping force applying means so constructed and arranged that the force to be exerted by the operator is minimized while adequate clamping forces are imparted to the clamp members.
Another object of the invention is to provide in either two or three part binder devices means for distributing clamping forces over an increased clamping area.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a friction binder for vertical filing wherein changes in material section and coacting surfaces of parts of the binder are so designed and constructed as to reduce the cost of material and thereby provide a binder inexpensive to manufacture and effective in operation.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a friction binder construction in which certain members of the binder such as the support member and jaw members are structurely reinforced to minimize lateral deflection of the members.
A still further object of the invention is to disclose and provide a friction binder construction which is readily adapted to be installed in a cabinet with relatively closely adjacent like binder constructions.
Another object of the invention is to provide a friction binder construction utilizing leaf-type spring means whereby such spring means is cooperable with the clamp members for opening and closing the clamp members as well as for facilitating the imparting of a variable clamping force to the clamp members.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent from the following description of the drawings in which several exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown.
IN THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front perspective view of a vertical filing cabinet adapted to receive and hold friction binders embodying the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary, partly in section, side elevational view of a friction binder provided with a force applying means of this invention.
FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken in the planes indicated by line III-III of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary side elevational view partly in section of the binder shown in FIG. 2 the force applying means being shown in clamp open position.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken in the transverse plane indicated by line V-V of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of the binder shown in FIG. 2, partly in section, showing the clamp members holding a selected thickness of sheet material.
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken in the transverse plane indicated in line VII-V11 of FIG. 6.
tive loose sliding movement of the spring relative to the pin member. Outer ends 64 of leaf spring 62 may be curved upwardly and bear upon interior ledge portions 37 as at 65.
In this embodiment of the invention a spring member 68 may be carried by head 56 of the pin member 55 to bias clamp members 36 outwardly against the beaded edges 33 of side walls 31.
In operation of the friction binder of this embodiment it should be noted that in closed position the exterior surfaces of the upper leg portions 44 of the clamp members 36 pressure engage the beaded longitudinal edges 33 of the channel member at approximately the lower one-third of the width of the leg portion 44 and relatively adjacent the vertex of the angle of the clamp member. The lever arm 58 is in a position where maximum throw B of the eccentric is between the pivotal connection of the pin 5 7 with the lever arm and the follower 60. Thus the spring 62 is under compression between the follower and the ledge portions 37 of the channel support member.
When the lever arm 58 is rotated approximately 180 degrees to the position shown in FIG. 4 it will be apparent that the clamp members 36 are in open position and the line of pressure engagement of the leg portions 44 with the beads 33 has moved toward the hinge connection of the clamp members. The follower 60 has been urged upwardly through the opening 40 in the top wall of the channel support member and the leaf spring 62 has returnedto its normal relaxed condition. The minimum eccentric throw A now lies between the pivot pin 57 and the cam follower. In such clamp member open position one or more sheets of material may be readily inserted between the shoes 48. When the lever arm 58 is moved through 180 degrees to clamp member closed position, it will be apparent that the shoes 48 can move toward each other only to the extent permitted by the thickness of the sheet material and the movement of the jaw members relative to the beads 33 is limited (FIG. 7). During such movement of the lever arm 58 through 180 degrees, the follower 60 is depressed by the cam face 59, the leaf spring 62 compressed and a pressure force exerted by the clamp members against the sheet material is determined by the resistance of the spring 62, the throw B of the lever arm 58, and the position of the pressure line of contact of the beads 33 with the clamp members 36.
Thus regardless of the number of sheets of material between the clamp members 36, the floating cam follower 60 on the yieldable resilient spring 62 will self adjust to provide a variable pressure force against one or more sheets of material. When a maximum number of sheets of material are included between the clamp members it will be apparent that a maximum force may be exerted by the force applying means for retaining the maximum number of sheets of material. Even though a maximum force is being exerted on the sheet material, the movement of the lever arm 58 from open to close position is readily manually accomplished because of the length of the arm 58 and the configuration of the cam face 59.
In FIGS. 8 13 inclusive, a modification of the present invention is shown. For purposes of brevity and clarity parts thereof similar to the prior embodiment will be only briefly described. A channel section support member generally indicated at 70 includes a top wall 71, side walls 72,.inte- When the lever arm 95 is thrown 180 degrees about rior ledge portions 73 and a channel opening 74 defined by lower side wall portions 75 of different configuration than the corresponding side walls of the prior embodiment. Each side wall portion 75 includes a longitudinally extending groove 76 in which a rib on a guide member in a cabinet may slide for supporting the friction binder generally indicated at 77. The lower Iongitudinal edge of portion 75 has an arcuate surface and may be of somewhat thicker metal section. The width of opening 74 may be slightly less than the space between the interior wall surfaces of walls 72 above ledge portions 73.
Clamp members 80 include an upper portion 81 and a lower portion 82 in angular relation with an included angle therebetween of approximately 120. The width of the upper and lower leg portions in this example is approximately the same. The longitudinally extending edge bead 83 at the bottom of each lower leg portion 82 supports a pressure shoe member 84 in a manner similar to that described in the prior example. The upper leg portions 81 are hingedly connected along their upper longitudinal edges in a manner somewhat similar to the prior example but differs therefrom in that the generally circular section edge 85 of one portion 81 is provided with a projection 86 which extends within an internal chamber formed by an enlarged intermediate portion 87 of a somewhat C section edge portion 88 of the other upper leg portion 81. The C section portion 88 receives the circular edge portion 85 as in the prior embodiment. The intermediate enlargement portion 87 provides a chamber for the projection 86 to permit the desired relative movement of the clamp members 82.
The force applying means 90 of this embodiment includes a T-headed bolt or pin member 91 having head 92 underlying the hinge connection. Pin member 91 extends between ledge portions 73 and through a port 93 in top wall 71 for pivotal connection at 94 with a lever arm 95. Arm 95 includes a cam face 96 generated about pivotal connection 94 to provide minimum and maximum eccentric throw over angular rotation of the arm of 180. Cam face 96 bears upon a relatively thin cam follower 97 located beneath top wall 71 and having an external size underlying the edge margins of opening 93 to prohibit movement of the follower 97 through the opening. Follower 97 seats upon an upper convex portion of a leaf-type spring 98 having central portions 99 seated upon ledge portions 73. Outwardly of the central portions 99 the leaf-spring member 98 includes spring fingers 100 which extend through an opening 101 in the C shaped section of upper leg portion 81 for seating engagement as at 102 and 103, FIG. 9. Spring pressure at points 102 and 103 on opposite sides of the hinge axis of the clamp members and on the respective clamp members serves to bias the clamp members into open position. Thus need for spring member 68 of the prior embodiment is obviated.
In operation of the friction binder 77 shown in FIGS. 8 13 inclusive it will be readily apparent that in closed position, FIGS. 8 and 9, the leaf spring 98 biases the cam follower 97 to its uppermost position and the location of the lever arm 95 is such that the maximum throw of the cam face 96 is between the pivotal connection 94 and the hinge axis of the clamp members.
pivotal connection 94 as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11 the configuration of the central portion of the leaf spring 98 remains essentially the same in that the cam follower 97 is still pressed against the edge margins of opening 93. However, in clamp member open position the spring fingers 100 extend further downwardly because of the downward movement of the hinge axis of the clamp members relative to the channel support member and bear against the spring pressure points 102 and 103 to cause the clamp members to open as shown in FIG. 11.
It is important to note that in FIG. 9 the edge beads 74 of the side walls bear against the exterior surface of the upper leg portion 81 along a line more closely adjacent to the vertex of the angle of the portions 81, 82 than in the prior embodiment. Thus in this second embodiment of the invention the fulcrum line of pressure contact between the edge bead and the exterior surface of upper leg portion 81 is at a more effective mechanical location for transmitting pressure forces to the clamp members. As shown in FIG. 11 in fully open position the edge beads 74 are located at approximately the mid-portion of the width of the upper leg portion.
The relative position of the force applying means of this embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 12 and 13 is important to note, when a thicknessof sheet material representing maximum thickness or maximum number of sheets to be held. In such position, clamp members 80 are forced to lowermost position with respect to the channel support member 70 by locating the maximum throw of the cam force 96 below the pivotal connection 94 and with lever arm 95 located as shown in FIG. 12. The cam face 96 projects through opening 93 and depresses cam follower 97 to press the central portion of the leaf spring downwardly with respect to theledge portions 73 and into a more flattened configuration. In such depressed condition of the central portion of the leaf spring, it will be apparent that the leaf fingers 100 are disengaged and spaced from the pressure points 102, 103 of the clamp members and therefore do not counteract the biasing force exerted by the leaf spring against the cam follower 97, cam face 96, pin member 91 and the hinging connection of the clamp members 80. Thus the pressure exerted against the maximum thickness of sheets is directly correlated to the spring pressure exerted by the leaf spring and to the lever action afforded by the engagement of the clamp members with the edge beads of the side walls of the support member.
It will thus be apparent from the description of the above two embodiments of the invention that the force applying means provides a yieldable resilient application of force to the clamp members for effectively retaining or holding one thin sheet of material or a sufficient maximum force to retain a maximum number of sheets. Moreover, the application of such force is easily accomplished by the pivotal movement of the lever handle about its pivotal connection through an angle of 180. In this respect while the description has referred to a swinging arc of the lever arm of 180 it will be understood by those skilled in the art that such an arc may be less than 180 depending upon the manner in which the cam face is generated about the pivotal connection of the lever arm to the pin member. In addition, in some instances it may be desirable to so generate the cam face that when the lever arm reaches its home position in clamping relation, the contact of the cam face with the pressure follower will be slightly off or beyond center so that, for example, movement through the last few degrees of movement the lever arm will be in effect in a locked position.
In FIGS. 14 and 15 fragmentary modifications are illustrated of the hinge connection of the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 8 13 inclusive. In FIGS. 14 and 15 the essential arrangement of a part circular beaded edge section receivable within an essentially C section configuration of the other member is illustrated. However, in this modification the hinge beaded edge may be provided with a diametrical slot 11 for reception therein of a projecting member 112 to provide a spring pressure point 113 with a finger 114 of a leaf spring similar to the configuration of spring 98. The C section edge portion is provided with an opening 115 through which the projection 112 extends and is also provided with an upturned edge 116 to provide a spring pressure point 117 with the spring finger 114. Relative pivotal movement of the two clamp members may be limited not only by the amount of displacement of the pin member but alsoby the travel of the projection 112 in the opening 115.
The modifications s of the invention described above relate to a three piece friction binder construction, namely those having a channel support member and two clamp members. As shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,364,528 and 3,069,737 owned by the assignee of the present invention two piece clamp members comprising essentially two angle section clamp members arranged with a portion of one angle clamp member within a portion of the other angle clamp member utilize an actuating means similar to the bolt and nut assembly of the three piece friction binders. The yieldable resilient force applying means of the present invention may be readily adapted to. such two piece binder constructions as shown in FIGS. 16 20 inclusive.
For brevity, the embodiment shown in FIGS. 19 and 20 will be described together with the embodiment shown in FIGS. 16 and 17, and parts similar thereto in function will be given the same reference numerals with a prime sign in FIGS. 19 and 20.
In each of these examples jaw members 130, 131; 131' include overlapping portions 132, 133; 132', 133' having a fulcrum contact line 134, 135' laterally offset from the longitudinal center of the assembled jaw members. In place of the prior nut and bolt assembly which extended through the overlying portions, a pin member 136, 136 may extend through both overlying portions 132, 133; 132, 133 and may have a suitable head 137, 137 bearing against the inner bottom surface of portions 133, 133. Pin member 136, 136' extends through an opening'138, 138' in the overlying portion 132, 132 for pivotal connection at 139, 139' with a lever arm 140, 140 having a cam face 141, 141' generated in a manner similar to that described in the prior embodiments of this invention. Cam face 141, 141 acts against a follower 142, 142' which in FIGS. 17 and 20 maybe positioned between the overlying portion 132, 132 and the pivotal connection. In these examples, a leaf-type spring member 143, 143' is held at its central portion by an extension 144, 144'of the pin member 136, 136' below head 137, 137' by a suitable nut 145, 145'. Ends 146, 146 of the-leaf spring 143, 143' bear against the bottom surface of the inner underlying portion 133, 133 of jaw member 130, 130' to exert a spring biasing force against the portion 133, 133' 'to urge the jaw member pivotally about its fulcrum line of contact toward the upper overlying portion 132, 132. The central portion of spring 143 may be sufficiently elongated to clear head 137 of the pin member 136 or the head 137, 137 may be slightly modified in configuration to accommodate the central portion of the leaf spring 143, 143.
It will be apparent that when the lever arm 140, 140' is swung through 180 and pivotal connection 139, 139' is spaced a maximum distance from the overlying clamp member portion 132, 132' that the overlying l portions 132, 132' and 133, 133' are drawn together about the fulcrum line contact 134, 134 into closed position. Since leaf spring 143 normally biases the clamp members into closed position, it will be understood that a spring pressure force is applied to the edges of the jaws sufficient to hold even a single sheet of material. When a maximum number of sheets are held between the jaw members it will be apparent that the spring force exerted by leaf spring 143 will be greater and proportional to the deflection of the leaf spring in open position of the jaw members.
In the examples of the invention shown in FIGS. 16, 17, 19 and 20 the leaf spring was applied to the pin member in a protected concealed position between the jaw members 130, 131. In FIG. 18 a different embodiment of this arrangement is illustrated in which the pin member 136" includes head 137" and a lock washer 150 on the opposite side of overlying clamp portion 133" so that the pin member 136" is relatively immovable with respect to one of the jaw members. Pin member 136" extends through an opening in the upper overlying clamp member portion 132" and extends therebeyond for pivotal connection at 139" with a lever 140" having a cam face 141". Lever 140" is seated upon a washer 142'. Between washer 142" and the overlying portion 132 is provided a leaf spring 143" having upturned ends 146" seated on the upper surface of portion 132".
It will be apparent that the two piece binder construction fragmentarily illustrated in FIG. 18 will operate in essentially the same manner as the binder shown in FIGS. 16, 17, 19 and 20 in that the leaf member 143" exerts a resilient biasing spring force to normally close the jaw members and that when the lever 140" is thrown to jaw closed position, the spring 143" will yieldably exert a spring force to maintain the jaw members in closed relation whether a single or a maximum number of sheets are held by the clamp members.
It will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that in each of the embodiments described above, one or more sheets of material may be gripped under pressure by the clamp members. In each example, at least one of the clamp members provides a fulcrum contact on an upper surface thereof with either a third member such as the U channel shaped member or a portion of the other clamp member as indicated in the last embodiments of the invention. Actuating means for moving the clamp members into open or closed position are provided in the planar zone defined by the clamp members so that clamp members may be moved into close proximate relation in a supporting bracket system or a supporting cabinet system. The actuating means operable in such a planar zone provides in each embodiment a floating yieldable resilient means which normally biases the clamp members into gripping engagement and in which the gripping force acting on the sheets of material is correlated to the number of sheets of material being clamped in accordance with the amount of deflection of the spring member.
It will be understood that while the embodiments of the invention described above illustrate one actuating 5 means on a friction binder, it will be understood that depending upon the length of the friction binder, one or more of such actuating means may be provided along the length of the binder the spacing between such actuating means being dependent upon the material to be held and the required spring biasing force to hold and retain a maximum number of sheets of material between the clamp members. It may be desirable to reinforce and strengthen the angle section clamp members as by extruding such clamp members with internal longitudinally extending reinforcement ribs 152 (FIG. 3). It may also be desirable to extrude such clamp members with longitudinally extending reinforcing ribs in other locations such as in the upper portion 41 of the clamp members.
In the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 8 13 the channel recesses 76 (FIG. 9) provide way means for sliding the friction binder into a cabinet as illustrated in FIG. 1 and wherein the configuration of the support members 24 may be slightly modified in cross section as indicated in phantom lines in FIG. 13.
It will be understood that various modifications and changes may be made in the examples of the invention described above and all such changes and modifica- 30 tions coming within the spirit of this invention and within the scope of the claims appended hereto are embraced thereby.
I claim:
1. In a device for vertical filing of sheet material in which an inverted generally U-shaped channel provides longitudinal edges bearing against longitudinally extending clamp members hinged together within the U- shaped channel, the provision of:
means to apply a variable force to said clamp members to move the clamp members into closed position to secure one or more of said sheets of material,
said force applying means drawing the clamp members further into said channel member,
said force applying means including yieldable resilient means for transmitting a variable pressure force responsive to the number of sheets to be held. 2. In a filing device as stated in claim 1 wherein said force applying means includes a connector member extending through said channel member for connection to said clamp members,
a lever arm pivotally mounted on said connector member,
said lever arm being movable between clamp open and clamp closed position, and
said connector member being biased by said yieldable resilient means.
3. In a vertical filing device the combination of:
a support member including a longitudinally extending opening and spaced parallel ledge portions inwardly of said opening;
a pair of longitudinally extending clamp members of angle section hinged together along longitudinal edges received within said opening,
said clamp members having surfaces engagable with edges of said openings;
a spring means seated on said ledge portions and exerting a spring biasing force in a direction away from said opening;
and means associated with said springmeans and said clamp members whereby said spring means normally urges said clamp members into closed position.
4. In a filing device as stated in claim 3 wherein said last mentioned means includes a follower seated on said spring means,
an opening in said support member opposite said spring means;
a lever arm having a surface cooperable with said follower,
and means connecting said lever arm and said clamp members for moving said clamp members into open and closed position.
5. In a device as stated in claim 3 including spring means between said clamp members for urging said clamp members apart into engagement with said support means.
6. In a device as stated in claim 3 including a spring means having an extended spring finger bearing against hinged longitudinal edge portions of said clamp members for biasing said clamp members apart.
7. In a friction binder for filing of sheet material in a vertical planar zone in which a pair of opposed clamp members are relatively movable into closed position for gripping one or more sheets of material and into open position for releasing sheet material held thereby, the provision of:
means providing a fulcrum contact on the surface of at least one of said clamp members;
and a floating yieldable actuating means operable in said planar zone and for moving said clamp members into gripping engagement with said sheet material in which the gripping force is correlated to the number of sheets of material being clamped.
8. In a friction binder as stated in claim 7 wherein said floating yieldable actuating means includes a pin member coacting with said one of said clamp members;
a lever arm pivotally connected to the other end of said pin member;
said lever arm having a cam surface of changing radius about said pivotal connection;
and spring means between ends of said pin member and subject to deflection upon pivotal movement of said lever arm for applying a variable pressure to said one clamp member.
9. In a friction binder as stated in claim 7 herein, at least one of said members includes an internal ledge portion cooperable with said actuating means.
10. In a device for vertical filing of sheet material in which an inverted generally U-shaped channel provides longitudinal edges bearing against longitudinally extending clamp members hinged together within the U- shaped channel, the provision of:
means to apply a variable force to said clamp members to move the clamp members into closed position to secure one or more of said sheets of material,
said force applying means drawing the clamp members further into said channel member,
the force applying means being responsive to the number of sheets to be held,
said force applying means including a lever arm supported from said channel member,
a pin member pivotally connected to said lever arm and extending through said channel member and having one end connected to said clamp members,
and yieldable means between said connections-for transmitting a variable pressure force to said clamp members in response to the thickness of the material held by said clamp members. 11. In a filing device as stated in claim 10 wherein said means between said connections includes a spring means having a seat on said channel member,
a follower member movably mounted on said pin member,
said follower member having a surface bearing against said spring means and another surface bearing against said lever arm.
12. In a device for vertical filing of sheet material in which an inverted generally U-shaped channel provides longitudinal edges bearing against longitudinally extending clamp members hinged together with the U- shaped channel, the provision of: j
means to apply a variable force to said clamp members to move the clamp members into closed position to secure one or more of said sheets of material,
said force applying member drawing the clamp members further into said channel member,
the force. applying means being responsive to the number of sheets to be held,
said channel including longitudinally extending internal ledge portions cooperable with said force applying means.
13. In a filing device for releasably holding edge margins of one or more sheets of material in a clamping zone, the combination of: r
clamping means including at least one clamp member to exert a pressure force against sheet material in said clamping zone; force applying means operably associated with said clamping means to exert said pressure force;
said force applying means including engagement means for said clamp member, and
yieldable resilient means operably biasing said clamp member toward sheets of material in said clamping zone.
14. In a device as stated in claim 13 wherein said force applying means includes a lever arm cooperably connected with said engagement means and with said resilientmeans.
15. A device as stated in claim 14 wherein said lever arm includes a cam surface,and
said engagement means includes a cam follower means engageable with said cam surface.
16. A device as stated in claim 13 wherein said clamp member includes a longitudinally extending clamp edge, and
a longitudinal pressure member having a pressure face and having rotational adjustment on said edge to direct said face toward said sheet material during clamping.
17. In a device as stated in claim 16, wherein said pressure face is planar and minimizes splaying of sheet material in the clamping zone.
18. In a device as stated in claim 13 wherein said resilient means includes I a spring means having a spring portion bearing against said clamping means to urge said clamping means to open position.

Claims (18)

1. In a device for vertical filing of sheet material in which an inverted generally U-shaped channel provides longitudinal edges bearing against longitudinally extending clamp members hinged together within the U-shaped channel, the provision of: means to apply a variable force to said clamp members to move the clamp members into closed position to secure one or more of said sheets of material, said force applying means drawing the clamp members further into said channel member, said force applying means including yieldable resilient means for transmitting a variable pressure force responsive to the number of sheets to be held.
2. In a filing device as stated in claim 1 wherein said force applying means includes a connector member extending through said channel member for connection to said clamp members, a lever arm pivotally mounted on said connector member, said lever arm being movable between clamp open and clamp closed position, and said connector member being biased by said yieldable resilient means.
3. In a vertical filing device the combination of: a support member including a longitudinally extending opening and spaced parallel ledge portions inwardly of said opening; a pair of longitudinally extending clamp members of angle section hinged together along longitudinal edges received within said opening, said clamp members having surfaces engagable with edges of said openings; a spring means seated on said ledge portions and exerting a spring biasing force in a direction away from said opening; and means associated with said spring means and said clamp members whereby said spring means normally urges said clamp members into closed position.
4. In a filing device as stated in claim 3 wherein said last mentioneD means includes a follower seated on said spring means, an opening in said support member opposite said spring means; a lever arm having a surface cooperable with said follower, and means connecting said lever arm and said clamp members for moving said clamp members into open and closed position.
5. In a device as stated in claim 3 including spring means between said clamp members for urging said clamp members apart into engagement with said support means.
6. In a device as stated in claim 3 including a spring means having an extended spring finger bearing against hinged longitudinal edge portions of said clamp members for biasing said clamp members apart.
7. In a friction binder for filing of sheet material in a vertical planar zone in which a pair of opposed clamp members are relatively movable into closed position for gripping one or more sheets of material and into open position for releasing sheet material held thereby, the provision of: means providing a fulcrum contact on the surface of at least one of said clamp members; and a floating yieldable actuating means operable in said planar zone and for moving said clamp members into gripping engagement with said sheet material in which the gripping force is correlated to the number of sheets of material being clamped.
8. In a friction binder as stated in claim 7 wherein said floating yieldable actuating means includes a pin member coacting with said one of said clamp members; a lever arm pivotally connected to the other end of said pin member; said lever arm having a cam surface of changing radius about said pivotal connection; and spring means between ends of said pin member and subject to deflection upon pivotal movement of said lever arm for applying a variable pressure to said one clamp member.
9. In a friction binder as stated in claim 7 herein, at least one of said members includes an internal ledge portion cooperable with said actuating means.
10. In a device for vertical filing of sheet material in which an inverted generally U-shaped channel provides longitudinal edges bearing against longitudinally extending clamp members hinged together within the U-shaped channel, the provision of: means to apply a variable force to said clamp members to move the clamp members into closed position to secure one or more of said sheets of material, said force applying means drawing the clamp members further into said channel member, the force applying means being responsive to the number of sheets to be held, said force applying means including a lever arm supported from said channel member, a pin member pivotally connected to said lever arm and extending through said channel member and having one end connected to said clamp members, and yieldable means between said connections for transmitting a variable pressure force to said clamp members in response to the thickness of the material held by said clamp members.
11. In a filing device as stated in claim 10 wherein said means between said connections includes a spring means having a seat on said channel member, a follower member movably mounted on said pin member, said follower member having a surface bearing against said spring means and another surface bearing against said lever arm.
12. In a device for vertical filing of sheet material in which an inverted generally U-shaped channel provides longitudinal edges bearing against longitudinally extending clamp members hinged together with the U-shaped channel, the provision of: means to apply a variable force to said clamp members to move the clamp members into closed position to secure one or more of said sheets of material, said force applying member drawing the clamp members further into said channel member, the force applying means being responsive to the number of sheets to be held, said channel including longitudinally extending internal ledge portions cooperable wIth said force applying means.
13. In a filing device for releasably holding edge margins of one or more sheets of material in a clamping zone, the combination of: clamping means including at least one clamp member to exert a pressure force against sheet material in said clamping zone; force applying means operably associated with said clamping means to exert said pressure force; said force applying means including engagement means for said clamp member, and yieldable resilient means operably biasing said clamp member toward sheets of material in said clamping zone.
14. In a device as stated in claim 13 wherein said force applying means includes a lever arm cooperably connected with said engagement means and with said resilient means.
15. A device as stated in claim 14 wherein said lever arm includes a cam surface, and said engagement means includes a cam follower means engageable with said cam surface.
16. A device as stated in claim 13 wherein said clamp member includes a longitudinally extending clamp edge, and a longitudinal pressure member having a pressure face and having rotational adjustment on said edge to direct said face toward said sheet material during clamping.
17. In a device as stated in claim 16, wherein said pressure face is planar and minimizes splaying of sheet material in the clamping zone.
18. In a device as stated in claim 13 wherein said resilient means includes a spring means having a spring portion bearing against said clamping means to urge said clamping means to open position.
US42769273 1973-12-26 1973-12-26 Friction binder having variable clamping forces Expired - Lifetime US3896526A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US42769273 US3896526A (en) 1973-12-26 1973-12-26 Friction binder having variable clamping forces

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US42769273 US3896526A (en) 1973-12-26 1973-12-26 Friction binder having variable clamping forces

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3896526A true US3896526A (en) 1975-07-29

Family

ID=23695868

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US42769273 Expired - Lifetime US3896526A (en) 1973-12-26 1973-12-26 Friction binder having variable clamping forces

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3896526A (en)

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3994547A (en) * 1975-12-08 1976-11-30 Plan Hold Corporation Single point suspension means and cabinet construction therefor for vertical filing of sheet material
US4147257A (en) * 1976-09-08 1979-04-03 Herbert Zippel Gmbh & Co. Device for joining consolidated lamellar material
US4155607A (en) * 1978-02-16 1979-05-22 Plan Hold Corporation Vertical filing system
US4315424A (en) * 1980-01-16 1982-02-16 Jarman Davis R Vehicle body clamp
US4324125A (en) * 1979-11-09 1982-04-13 Jarman Davis R Auto body clamp
US4503979A (en) * 1982-09-28 1985-03-12 Norman Wade Company Limited Two piece clamp binder
US4594754A (en) * 1983-06-13 1986-06-17 Planhorse International (Nz) Limited Clamp for holding sheet articles
US4620635A (en) * 1982-09-29 1986-11-04 Norman Wade Company Limited Support structure for vertical filing systems
US4836389A (en) * 1982-03-03 1989-06-06 David A. Clayton Self-locking cam lever
US4921506A (en) * 1983-11-14 1990-05-01 David A. Clayton Clamp assembly
WO2001053705A1 (en) * 2000-01-17 2001-07-26 Arnos Australia Pty Ltd Clamps
US6505987B1 (en) 2000-05-03 2003-01-14 Sherrette, Llc Article holder
US6546658B2 (en) * 2000-03-01 2003-04-15 Rose Displays, Ltd. Elongated shell and internal gripper assembly
US6565058B1 (en) * 2002-02-11 2003-05-20 Adstracts, Inc. Promotional note holding apparatus
AU775542B2 (en) * 2000-01-17 2004-08-05 Arnos Australia Pty. Ltd. Clamps
US6862780B2 (en) 2000-01-17 2005-03-08 Arnos Australia Pty Ltd Clamps
US20060026806A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-09 Terry Taylor Cargo securing systems for cargo bed
US7021852B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2006-04-04 Sherrette, Llc Article holder
US20060124657A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Robert Cunningham Bag dispensing assembly
US20130276282A1 (en) * 2012-04-23 2013-10-24 Scott Brown Desk-Mounted Retainer Device for Portable Sheet Clamps
US20200086506A1 (en) * 2017-05-18 2020-03-19 Smc Corporation Workpiece gripping device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1397930A (en) * 1921-11-22 John l
US1911277A (en) * 1932-02-04 1933-05-30 Helmer Robert Filing device
US2869210A (en) * 1955-04-18 1959-01-20 Plan Hold Corp Friction-type binder
US2990961A (en) * 1958-03-24 1961-07-04 Plan Hold Corp Filing device
US3069737A (en) * 1960-07-15 1962-12-25 Plan Hold Corp Two-piece binder clamp
US3159393A (en) * 1963-02-11 1964-12-01 Villano Joseph Assembly insert holder
US3336642A (en) * 1965-10-19 1967-08-22 American Drill Bushing Co Clamp with preset tension
US3364528A (en) * 1965-08-23 1968-01-23 Plan Hold Corp Sheet clamps
US3729099A (en) * 1972-02-14 1973-04-24 Mayline Co Inc Vertical filing apparatus

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1397930A (en) * 1921-11-22 John l
US1911277A (en) * 1932-02-04 1933-05-30 Helmer Robert Filing device
US2869210A (en) * 1955-04-18 1959-01-20 Plan Hold Corp Friction-type binder
US2990961A (en) * 1958-03-24 1961-07-04 Plan Hold Corp Filing device
US3069737A (en) * 1960-07-15 1962-12-25 Plan Hold Corp Two-piece binder clamp
US3159393A (en) * 1963-02-11 1964-12-01 Villano Joseph Assembly insert holder
US3364528A (en) * 1965-08-23 1968-01-23 Plan Hold Corp Sheet clamps
US3336642A (en) * 1965-10-19 1967-08-22 American Drill Bushing Co Clamp with preset tension
US3729099A (en) * 1972-02-14 1973-04-24 Mayline Co Inc Vertical filing apparatus

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3994547A (en) * 1975-12-08 1976-11-30 Plan Hold Corporation Single point suspension means and cabinet construction therefor for vertical filing of sheet material
US4147257A (en) * 1976-09-08 1979-04-03 Herbert Zippel Gmbh & Co. Device for joining consolidated lamellar material
US4155607A (en) * 1978-02-16 1979-05-22 Plan Hold Corporation Vertical filing system
US4324125A (en) * 1979-11-09 1982-04-13 Jarman Davis R Auto body clamp
US4315424A (en) * 1980-01-16 1982-02-16 Jarman Davis R Vehicle body clamp
US4836389A (en) * 1982-03-03 1989-06-06 David A. Clayton Self-locking cam lever
US4503979A (en) * 1982-09-28 1985-03-12 Norman Wade Company Limited Two piece clamp binder
US4620635A (en) * 1982-09-29 1986-11-04 Norman Wade Company Limited Support structure for vertical filing systems
AU581619B2 (en) * 1983-06-13 1989-03-02 Planhorse International (N.Z.) Limited Clamp
US4594754A (en) * 1983-06-13 1986-06-17 Planhorse International (Nz) Limited Clamp for holding sheet articles
US4921506A (en) * 1983-11-14 1990-05-01 David A. Clayton Clamp assembly
WO2001053705A1 (en) * 2000-01-17 2001-07-26 Arnos Australia Pty Ltd Clamps
US6862780B2 (en) 2000-01-17 2005-03-08 Arnos Australia Pty Ltd Clamps
AU775542B2 (en) * 2000-01-17 2004-08-05 Arnos Australia Pty. Ltd. Clamps
US6546658B2 (en) * 2000-03-01 2003-04-15 Rose Displays, Ltd. Elongated shell and internal gripper assembly
US6505987B1 (en) 2000-05-03 2003-01-14 Sherrette, Llc Article holder
US7021852B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2006-04-04 Sherrette, Llc Article holder
US6565058B1 (en) * 2002-02-11 2003-05-20 Adstracts, Inc. Promotional note holding apparatus
US20060026806A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-09 Terry Taylor Cargo securing systems for cargo bed
US7249399B2 (en) * 2004-08-05 2007-07-31 Terry Taylor Cargo securing systems for cargo bed
US20060124657A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Robert Cunningham Bag dispensing assembly
US7080756B2 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-07-25 Uniflex, Inc. Bag dispensing assembly
US20130276282A1 (en) * 2012-04-23 2013-10-24 Scott Brown Desk-Mounted Retainer Device for Portable Sheet Clamps
US8984735B2 (en) * 2012-04-23 2015-03-24 Scott Brown Desk-mounted retainer device for portable sheet clamps
US20200086506A1 (en) * 2017-05-18 2020-03-19 Smc Corporation Workpiece gripping device
US10836049B2 (en) * 2017-05-18 2020-11-17 Smc Corporation Workpiece gripping device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3896526A (en) Friction binder having variable clamping forces
US4563921A (en) Compact pliers with large, adjustable jaw span
US5765820A (en) Three-way spring clamp
US2815778A (en) Straight beam adjustable jaw clamp
US4147257A (en) Device for joining consolidated lamellar material
US4415290A (en) Binder assembly of the ring type
US2683640A (en) Gravity action palette attachment for drawing table tops
US6862780B2 (en) Clamps
US5621955A (en) Clamp made of plastic for clamping sheet-like objects
US4836389A (en) Self-locking cam lever
US4372142A (en) Sheet bending brake
US3711899A (en) Clipboard and clip therefor
US2915276A (en) Boat holding apparatus
US4087086A (en) Tension clamp
US4020951A (en) Arrangement for releasably suspending a sheet member from a support
US2746064A (en) Fire hose holder and clamp
US3492701A (en) Paper clamp
US2716795A (en) Clamping device
US2538509A (en) Adjustable spring clamp
US2941432A (en) Clamp
US2712206A (en) Rubbing shoe
US4921506A (en) Clamp assembly
US1953026A (en) Drawing table
JP2521821Y2 (en) clip
US1512476A (en) Seal press

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: MNC COMMERCIAL CORP., 502 WASHINGTON AVE., STE. 80

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PLAN HOLD CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005186/0262

Effective date: 19890531

AS Assignment

Owner name: PLAN HOLD CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:MNC CREDIT CORP. (AS SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO MNC COMMERCIAL CORP.;REEL/FRAME:007786/0916

Effective date: 19931209