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US3894418A - Apparatus for finishing gear teeth - Google Patents

Apparatus for finishing gear teeth Download PDF

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Publication number
US3894418A
US3894418A US45252974A US3894418A US 3894418 A US3894418 A US 3894418A US 45252974 A US45252974 A US 45252974A US 3894418 A US3894418 A US 3894418A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
gear
finishing
work
gears
chamfering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Adolf Horl
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ZF Friedrichshafen AG
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ZF Friedrichshafen AG
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F19/00Finishing gear teeth by other tools than those used for manufacturing gear teeth
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21HMAKING PARTICULAR METAL OBJECTS BY ROLLING, e.g. SCREWS, WHEELS, RINGS, BARRELS, BALLS
    • B21H5/00Making gear wheels, racks, spline shafts or worms
    • B21H5/02Making gear wheels, racks, spline shafts or worms with cylindrical outline, e.g. by means of die rolls
    • B21H5/022Finishing gear teeth with cylindrical outline, e.g. burnishing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49462Gear making
    • Y10T29/49467Gear shaping
    • Y10T29/49471Roll forming

Abstract

Apparatus for compressively finishing preformed gear teeth by means of a combination of non-cutting guide and chamfering gears acting on one side of a work gear with an additional non-cutting smoothing or finishing gear acting on the opposite side of the work gear. The guide gear is sandwiched between the chamfering gears and acts with some tooth flank smoothing effect whereas the smoothing or finishing gear achieves the main flank finishing and compressively removes burring of the chamfered tooth corners. The combination solves the problem of the very expensive tool work required when the composite gears must be set with respect to each other so precisely as to eliminate all burring. By eliminating the considerable precision necessary, some burring of the chamfered corners of the work gear is permitted, but this burring is smoothed out by the diametrically opposed finishing gear.

Description

United States Patent [191 Hiirl [451 July 15, 1975 APPARATUS FOR FINISHING GEAR TEETH Adolf Hfirl, Friedrichshafen, Germany [73] Assignee: Zahnradfabrik F riedrichshafen,

Aktiengesellschaft. Friedrichshafen Germany [22] Filed: Mar. 19, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 452,529

[75] Inventor:

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Germany 72/108 Primary Examiner-Lowell A. Larson [57] ABSTRACT Apparatus for compressively finishing preformed gear teeth by means of a combination of non-cutting guide and chamfering gears acting on one side of a work gear with an additional non-cutting smoothing or finishing gear acting on the opposite side of the work gear. The guide gear is sandwiched between the chamfering gears and acts with some tooth flank smoothing effect whereas the smoothing or finishing gear achieves the main flank finishing and compressively removes burring of the chamfered tooth corners. The combination solves the problem of the very expensive too] work required when the composite gears must be set with respect to each other so precisely as to eliminate all burring. By eliminating the considerable precision necessary, some burring of the chamfered corners of the work gear is permitted. but this burring is smoothed out by the diametrically opposed finishing gear.

2 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure APPARATUS FOR FINISHING GEAR TEETH Reference is made to US. Pat. 3,729,967 issued May 1, 1973, owned by the present assignee which shows and claims apparatus for finishing gear teeth of a preformed gear blank by rolling the blank in forced contiguity with a composite gear device comprised of three tool gears sandwiched together in which the outer gears effect chamfering and the central gear effects smoothing of the flanks of the teeth of the work gear.

It has been found, however, that very precise and therefore expensive procedure is necessary in assembling such three tool gears in order that there be no burring occurence. For purposes of economy the present invention eliminates the tooling precision and permits burring of the chamfered work gear corners which burring is then smoothed out by a finishing gear. The arrangement differs in that respect from the patent and also in the respect that the driving rotation of the system is provided for by the finishing gear rather than by the work gear as in the patent. Further differences resides in the fact that while the rotational axis of the finishing gear is fixed the work gear and the composite chamfering and guide gears have mounts which are slideable to effect engagement of the tool gears with work gears. A hydraulic ram is used to motivate the composite tool gear against the work gear which in turn is motivated against the finishing gear.

Referring now to the drawing, details of which have been omitted as not necessary in view of the clear showing in the aforementioned patent for like parts, the apparatus comprises the machine bed 1 having a boss 2 constructed as bearing support for the shaft 3 of a finishing gear 5 supported on a chuck 4 and secured by bolt 6. It will be understood (as shown in the patent) that suitable motor and controls effect rotation of shaft 3 to rotate finishing gear 5.

Carried on bed 1 in ways 7 are freely slideable carriages or mounts 8 and 9. Carriage 8 rotatively supports work gears such as work gear 10 to be finished and chamfered and carriage 9 rotatively supports the composite tool gear device which consist of a guide gear 1 1 sandwiched between chamfering gears 12 and 13. A fixed hydraulic ram 14 on the bed can provide movement of carriage 9 to effect mutual engagement of the several gears as will be clearly understood.

For purposes of balance of forces, gear 5 is diametrically opposite the composite gear device. Preferably an adjustable stop (not shown) is arranged to limit the movement of the hydraulic ram to the exact depth which is desired for the guide gear 11 and the finishing gear 5 to enter between the preformed teeth of a work gear 10. Any conventional limit stop may be used for such purpose and persons skilled in the art, would, of course, be able to devise as a matter or routine a motion limiting device for the ram.

It should be noted that guide gear 11 will have a certain amount of flank smoothin action depending upon the design of the gear, or for purposes of economy it may be designed merely as a guide or drive gear to effect rotative drive of the chamfering gears 12 and 13. The main point is that no precise positioning of the composite gear 11, 12 and 13 is practiced in this invention, whereby a tooling economy is effected, some burring of the chamfered tooth edges of the work gear being thus permitted. However, the finishing gear 5 is provided with teeth which are wider than the teeth of the work gear 10 so that any burring is compressed and polished along with the flanks of the work gear teeth.

Thus the apparatus while requiring an additional component as compared with the patent apparatus effects an economy not only by eliminating precise coaction of the composite tool gears but also by permitting longer periods of operation due to the fact that wear between the composite gears does not cause deterioration of a necessary precision coaction.

It will be obvious from the above that pressure between all gears is provided by the hydraulic ram in conjunction with the slideablility of the carriages for the work gear and the composite gear, initial force being the ram thrust on carriage 9. The engineering of such slideable arrangement is, of course, purely a matter of routine design as is some suitable stop for the ram in order to predetermine a desired thickness of teeth of the work gear.

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for chamfering and finishing the teeth of preformed work gears by effecting compression thereof between a chamfering gear device and a finishing gear, comprising in combination:

a support means having a finishing gear on a fixed rotative axis; a chamfering gear device and a first movable mount therefor comprising means for securing said chamfering gear device freely rotative thereon;

a second movable mount disposed intermediate said finishing gear and said first movable mount and having means for supporting a work gear for free rotation thereon;

means for moving said first mount to effect pressure engagement of said chamfering gear device with a work gear on said second mount;

whereby said work gear is forced into engagement with said finishing gear so that rotation of said finishing gear effects rotation of the work gear to transmit the rotation thereof to said chamfering gear device to chamfer the teeth of the work gear whereon any burr resulting is smoothed by said finishing gear.

2. An apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein said support comprises a longitudinally extending bed and said mounts comprise carriages slidably carried thereon in alignment with each other; including a hydraulic ram for effecting movement of said first mount on said bed.

Claims (2)

1. An apparatus for chamfering and finishing the teeth of preformed work gears by effecting compression thereof between a chamfering gear device and a finishing gear, comprising in combination: a support means having a finishing gear on a fixed rotative axis; a chamfering gear device and a first movable mount therefor comprising means for securing said chamfering gear device freely rotative thereon; a second movable mount disposed intermediate said finishing gear and said first movable mount and having means for supporting a work gear for free rotation thereon; means for moving said first mount to effect pressure engagement of said chamfering gear device with a work gear on said second mount; whereby said work gear is forced into engagement with said finishing gear so that rotation of said finishing gear effects rotation of the work gear to transmit the rotation thereof to said chamfering gear device to chamfer the teeth of the work gear whereon any burr resulting is smoothed by said finishing gear.
2. An apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein said support comprises a longitudinally extending bed and said mounts comprise carriages slidably carried thereon in alignment with each other; including a hydraulic ram for effecting movement of said first mount on said bed.
US3894418A 1973-03-29 1974-03-19 Apparatus for finishing gear teeth Expired - Lifetime US3894418A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19732315702 DE2315702A1 (en) 1973-03-29 1973-03-29 Apparatus for non-cutting chamfering the front edges of gear wheels vorverzahnten

Publications (1)

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US3894418A true US3894418A (en) 1975-07-15

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DE (1) DE2315702A1 (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4583271A (en) * 1983-04-28 1986-04-22 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for burnishing splines and gears using synchronously rotated gears
US5152061A (en) * 1992-02-19 1992-10-06 Tesma International Inc. Cold-forming of toothed wheels from sheet steel
US5203223A (en) * 1992-02-19 1993-04-20 Tesma International Inc. Cold-forming of toothed wheels from sheet steel
US5221513A (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-06-22 The Penn State Research Foundation Apparatus and method for net shape finishing of gears
US5237744A (en) * 1992-02-19 1993-08-24 Tesma International Inc. Method of cold-forming toothed wheels
US5774986A (en) * 1995-09-22 1998-07-07 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for cold-forming of toothed wheels from sheet metal
US5918495A (en) * 1995-09-06 1999-07-06 Toyota Jidosh Kabushiki Kaisha Multistage gear-rolling apparatus
US5930896A (en) * 1996-03-15 1999-08-03 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for forming a gear
US6050755A (en) * 1997-08-22 2000-04-18 The Gleason Works Apparatus for chamfering and deburring gear tooth end edges
US6170156B1 (en) * 1999-03-24 2001-01-09 General Motors Corporation Gear tooth smoothing and shaping process
US20020197121A1 (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-12-26 Johann Mall Machine for deburring and fine machining of tooth flanks of toothed workpieces
US20080168640A1 (en) * 2007-01-12 2008-07-17 Sil Han Gear burnisher method and apparatus
US20090036031A1 (en) * 2007-07-31 2009-02-05 Hua Dongyun Coating assisted surface finishing process
WO2015036373A3 (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-05-28 Felsomat Gmbh & Co. Kg Method for chamfering and polishing toothed workpieces

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3233518A (en) * 1963-12-05 1966-02-08 Nat Broach & Mach Method and apparatus for chamfering gear teeth
US3552167A (en) * 1968-09-26 1971-01-05 Lear Siegler Inc Gear rolling equipment
US3735619A (en) * 1972-01-27 1973-05-29 Lear Siegler Inc Gear roll chamfering

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3233518A (en) * 1963-12-05 1966-02-08 Nat Broach & Mach Method and apparatus for chamfering gear teeth
US3552167A (en) * 1968-09-26 1971-01-05 Lear Siegler Inc Gear rolling equipment
US3735619A (en) * 1972-01-27 1973-05-29 Lear Siegler Inc Gear roll chamfering

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4583271A (en) * 1983-04-28 1986-04-22 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for burnishing splines and gears using synchronously rotated gears
US5221513A (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-06-22 The Penn State Research Foundation Apparatus and method for net shape finishing of gears
WO1993014894A1 (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-05 The Penn State Research Foundation Apparatus and method for net shape finishing of gears
US5152061A (en) * 1992-02-19 1992-10-06 Tesma International Inc. Cold-forming of toothed wheels from sheet steel
US5203223A (en) * 1992-02-19 1993-04-20 Tesma International Inc. Cold-forming of toothed wheels from sheet steel
US5237744A (en) * 1992-02-19 1993-08-24 Tesma International Inc. Method of cold-forming toothed wheels
US5918495A (en) * 1995-09-06 1999-07-06 Toyota Jidosh Kabushiki Kaisha Multistage gear-rolling apparatus
US5774986A (en) * 1995-09-22 1998-07-07 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for cold-forming of toothed wheels from sheet metal
US5930896A (en) * 1996-03-15 1999-08-03 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for forming a gear
US6050755A (en) * 1997-08-22 2000-04-18 The Gleason Works Apparatus for chamfering and deburring gear tooth end edges
US6170156B1 (en) * 1999-03-24 2001-01-09 General Motors Corporation Gear tooth smoothing and shaping process
US20020197121A1 (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-12-26 Johann Mall Machine for deburring and fine machining of tooth flanks of toothed workpieces
US6840720B2 (en) * 2001-06-21 2005-01-11 The Gleason Works Machine for deburring and fine machining of tooth flanks of toothed workpieces
US20080168640A1 (en) * 2007-01-12 2008-07-17 Sil Han Gear burnisher method and apparatus
US20090036031A1 (en) * 2007-07-31 2009-02-05 Hua Dongyun Coating assisted surface finishing process
WO2015036373A3 (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-05-28 Felsomat Gmbh & Co. Kg Method for chamfering and polishing toothed workpieces
CN106061663A (en) * 2013-09-16 2016-10-26 费尔索梅特有限及两合公司 Method for chamfering and polishing toothed workpieces

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Publication number Publication date Type
DE2315702A1 (en) 1974-10-10 application

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