US388314A - Half to samuel kaufman - Google Patents

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US388314A US388314DA US388314A US 388314 A US388314 A US 388314A US 388314D A US388314D A US 388314DA US 388314 A US388314 A US 388314A
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    • A24C1/00Elements of cigar manufacture
    • A24C1/02Tobacco-feeding devices with or without means for dividing the tobacco into measured quantities


(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.
No. 388,314. Patented Aug. 21, 1888.
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 388,314, dated August 21, 1888.
Application filed March 31l 1888.
To @ZZ whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, ABRAHAM H. SHOCK, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lancaster, in the county of Lancaster and State of Pennsylvania, have invented new and useful Improvements in Cigar-Making Machines, of which the following is a specitication.
My invention relates to cigar-making machines; and the purpose thereof is to provide 1o simple mechanism for supplying the tobacco in stated quantities to the bunch-forming devices, whercby the size and proportions of the several cigars or bunches shall be more nearly uniform andthe tlller more evenly distributed.
It is my furtherpurpose to simplify andimprove the bunch-rolling eontrivances by the combination, with the bunching roll or shaft, of a frictional clamp by which the seed-Wrapper, which immediately surrounds the filler, 2Q is drawn tightly and smoothly around the same, making a bunch of uniform size and handsome appearance.
It is my purpose, also, to combine with the segmental supports usually employed in this class of mechanism a bunching shaft or roll pivotally mounted at one end and having the other extremity sweeping the segmental support, said shaft acting in conjunction with a rolling-apron upon the segmental table, whereby the side draft ofthe apron tends to aid in the complete formation of the bunch.
It is also my purpose to combine with the bunching-apron and pivotally-mounted shaft a lift or cam raising such shaft and a sliding spring-actuated bearing by which such lift is permitted to release the butt of the bunch.
.It is my purpose, finally, to provide simple means whereby the mechanism may be adjusted to the formation of bunches of any desired size and length, in accordance with the size and shape of cigars required for the market-as, Vfor example, those made from bunches ranging from ve inches in length to three inches and ninesixteenths.
My invention consists in the several novel features of construction and new combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, and then definitely pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is 5o a plan view of a mechanism embodying my invention, with the hopper removed. Fig. 2
Serial 170.269.075. (No model.)
is an end elevation taken from the right hand of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an end elevation taken from the left of Fig. l. Fig 4 is a front ele-4 vation with the hopper removed. Fig. 5 is a 55 View of the feeding devices removed. Fig. 6
is an inverted plan view of said parts. Fig. 7
is a detail view of the adjustable feedvblock,
by which the supply is varied to suit the size of the bunch. Fig. 7n is a vertical section of 6o Fig. 1 on the line x x, the hopper being in place. Fig. 8 is a view of the parts shown in Fig. 7 inverted. Fig. 9 is a longitudinal section of Fig. 7 on the line y y. Fig. 1() is a horizontal section showing the mechanism whereby two machines upon opposite sides of the same table may be driven by the continuous rotary motion ofasingle shaft. Fig. 1l is a section of Fig. 10 on the line z z. Fig. 12 is an edge view of the cam-race actuating thelevers 7o in Figs. 10 and 11.
In the said drawings, the reference-numeral 1 denotes any suitable support or frame, to which may be attached a hopper, 2, oi' suitable dimensions, in which the loose tobacco is placed. The door 3 of this hopper is provided With an opening, 4, of the maximum size required for supplying the quantity of tobacco employed in making the largest bunch used. Over this 0pening,upon the door of the 8o hopper, oscillates a shield or cut-ofi, 5, pivotally mounted at the point G and having its end extended and connected to an arm, 7, which in turn is fulcrumed upon the projection 8 of the bottom of the hopper, as shown in Figs. 5 85 and 6.
Arranged beneath the floor 3 of the hopper is a second cut-off, 9, Figs. 2, 6, 7, 8, and 9, pivotally mounted at the point 10 and having an opening, 12, which may be made to register 9c With the opening 4 in the hopper-floor. The thickness of the lower cut-off, 9, and that of the door of the hopper are each such that the chambers or openings formed therein will each comprise space enough to hold the proper amount of loose tobacco for a single bunch.
The arm 7 forms a rigid part of the second cut-off, 9, and is provided with a stud, 13, engaging with an opening, 14, in the end of the cut-olf 5. As the arm 7 swings to bring the rco opening or chamber 12 of the cut-off 9 into communication with the opening et in the door of the hopper, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 5,`the shield or cut-off 5 will move over and close the opening 4, thereby preventing the entrance of more tobacco from the hopper.
Upon the lower surface of the second cutoft', 9, is pivotally mounted aflat plate or valve, 15, having its end extended beyond the pivotal point and connected by a link, 16, to the end of a lever, 17, fulcrumed at the point 18, and having its end 19 extended beyond the bottom of the hopper. A spring, 20, normally holds this lever in the position shown in the inverted plan view, Fig. 6. This cut-off 15 closes the bottom of an opening or chamber, 12, (see Fig. 7a3) which is carried by a plate arrangedjust beneath the vibrating cut-off 9, having the chamber 12.
Mounted in lugs 21 upon the supportingframe 1 is a bracketnrm, 22, having astud, 23, which makes engagement with the slot 24 in the end of the arm 7. The bracket-arm 22 is of such length as to extend beneath and beyond the hopper, and is provided with a handle, 25, by which it may be operated.
Beneath the hopper 2 is arranged a table, 26, of substantially segmental form, the arc of the segment being that described by the bracket-arm 22 as it swings upon its pivotalslipports 21. In this table, beneath the hopper 2, is formed a concave recess, 27, and overlying the surface of this table and extending from the rearward side of the table and over the recess 27 to the front edge of the table is an apron, 28, running from edge to edge of the table parallel to the chord of the arc formed by the outer edge of said table, and having an amount of slack sufficient to form a pocket to receive the bunch and alsov partly pass around a punching-bar, 29, having bearing at its ends 1n uprights 30, rising from the bracketarm 22, one at each end of the table 26. rIhe boxes 31, in which the bunching-bar 29 is journaled, are free to rise in the slotted ends of the uprights 30 against the tension of springs 32, by which said bunching-bar is drawn down upon the table. Upon the end of the table at one side is mounted a lift, 33, having pivotal connection with the table at one end, and rendered adjustable at or near the other end by a setscrew, 34, passing through a slot in the liftplate. A rounded shoulder, 35, on said lift rises above the surface of the table just at the point where the bunching-barapproaches its front margin, lifting that end of the bunchingbar, and thereby throwing down the opposite end of said bar to compress the bunch at its butt-end or tuck. By adjusting the lift 33 up or down, as required, any desired shape or thickness can thus be given to the butt.
Upon the outer straight margin of the table 26 is a receiving-frame, 36, having pivotal support in lugs 37 and provided with a series of arms, 38. A spring, 39, coiled on the part 36, turns the arms 38 inward and upward to- Ward the table, while a short arm or lug, 40, arrests such movement when the arms 3S are in position to receive and support the bunch as it comes from the apron.
Divergent arms 41 may be mounted upon the tobacco cut-off 5, to rise within the interior of the hopper 2 and agitate the scrap tobacco, so as to facilitate its feed.
A friction bar or clamp, 42, the purpose of which will hereinafter appear, is carried by arms 43, pivoted to a yoke, 43a, that is adjustably supported on the frame l by means of a lug, 431)and set-screw 43, whereby said yoke, arms, and bar can be adjusted to any angle, according to the shape to be given to the bunch.
It will be observed by reference to Fig. 7im that the table 26 is pivotally supported by means of a bolt and nut, 26a', on a bracket, 26", that issupported by the frame 1, so that by loosening its bolt and nut said table can be adjusted to any desired angle corresponding with the angle to be given to the shape of bunch desired.
The operation ofthe machine is as follows: A suitable quantity of loose or scrap tobacco having been supplied to the hopper 2,the operator, who is seated before the table 26, seizes the handle 25 of the bracket-arm 22 and draws it forward, thereby bringing the chamber 12 beneath chamber 4 and permitting tobacco to pass into said chamber 12. The op erator then pushes the bracket-arm 22 toward the rear, carrying the parts to the position shown in Figs. 5 and 7, whereby the slack of the apron 28 is caused to drop in front of the bunching-bar 29 and into the recess 27, the bunching-bar 29 being beneath the apron and the clampingbar 42 above the apron, as shown, and dropping the tobacco from cham-V ber l2 into chamber 12, where it rests on cutoff 15. A wrapperis now laid upon the apron 28 and over the clamping-bar 42, so as to project partly into the pocket formed in said apron. The bracket-arm 22 is now pushed still farther back, so that a boss, 22, Fig. 6, upon its end, will strike the end 19 of the spring-actuated Vlever 17, thereby actuating the fiat plate or valve 15 and dropping the contents of the chamber 12qu upon the wrapper and into the pocket formed by that portion of the apron which lies in `the recess 27 of the table. The operator now draws the handle 25 of the bracket-arm 22 forward, therebyinclosing the loose tobacco within said apron as the bunching bar 29 crosses the recess 27. In thus crossing said recess from the rear toward the front the bunching-bar 29 causes a loop or bight io be formed in the apron, in which the loose tobacco constituting the bunch is inclosed. As the bracket-arm is now swept forward, the tobacco is gathered in the pocket of the apron and formed therein into a roll or bunch, which is drawn more and more closely together as the bight or fold in the apron travels toward the front of the table. It will be seen that the bar or clamp 42 acts to so hold the wrapper that it is drawn tightly around IOO IIO
the filler and all f'olds and imperfections are smoothed out. The degree of friction exerted by the bar 42 can be regulated by slightly lifting said bar in case its gravity should be so great as to endanger theintegrity of the wrapper or render it liable to compress the filler too tightly. rIhe continued movement of the bracket-arm 22 and bunching-bar 29 toward the front of the table carries the wrapped bunch into the receiving-frame 36, whence it is removed, to be molded and finished in the well-known manner. The tension ofthe spring 39 is so slight that it will readily give to the pressure of the cigar-bunch on the longest arm, 38, and so permit the receiving-frame to open.
In order to provide for the variation in the feed to the wrapper to suit the requirements of the machine in the manufacture of bunches of different sizes, I have provided the following means: I form the end of the chamber 12 in the second cut-oft', 9, with parallel sides, between which moves a block, 43d, having an opening which in form and capacity snpplements the opening in the cut-ofiC plate. This block is mounted upon a threaded bar, 44, and has a set-nut, 45, swiveled at its end and meshing with the bar, whereby the block 431 may be advanced between the parallel sides of the chamber 12, thereby shortening the space constituting said chamber. It will be seen that by adjusting this block 43 the receiving capacity of the chamber 12 may be varied according to the requirements.
It will be understood that the chambers 4 and 12 approximate somewhat to the form of cigar-bunch to be made.
Vhen these machines are driven by power, it may be desirable to mount two upon each single table and upon opposite sides thereof. In this case I propose to adopt the arrangement shown in Fig. 10, which shows the actuating parts and the swinging levers or shafts 22, the machines being above the sectionplane. I drive both machines at the same time from a single rotary shaft, 46, centrally arranged and having a belt-pulley, 47, andan actuating-pulley, 48, provided with a eamrace, 49. Upon the opposite sides of the table or other support 50 are fulcrumed bell-crank levers 5l, connected at one end to the swinging levers by means of links 52, and having at the extremities of their other arms cani-pins 53, which rest in the cam-race 49. One ofthe bell-crank levers engages said cam -race above and the other below the pulley 48, the latter being curved downward for such purpose, as shown in Fig. 11. By this construction both swinging levers 22 are operated simultaneously. The mechanism is in other respects essentially the same as that already described.
By reason of the peculiar' construction and arrangement of the segmental table and the apron laid thereon the bunch will during its formation travel upon said table in a line parallel to the chord of the arc in which the outer end of the bunching-bar 29 moves. This arc is substantially the same as that formed by the outer edge of the segmental table 26.
Vhat I claim is- 1. In a eigar-bunching machine, the combination, with a feed-hopper having in its bottoni or iioor a feed-chamber, 4, of an upper eut-off or pivoted valve, 5, closing said chamber, a movable cut-off or valve below the tloor of the hopper, containing` a second feedchamber, 12, ofsuitable dimensions to contain the tobacco received from chamber 4, means for alternately actuating said upper and lower cut-offs, whereby the former shall close chamber 4 above when the latter opens it below, and vice versa, a third chamber formed in a stationary plate and arranged beneath the lower cut-off out of line with chamber 4, whereby feed chamber 12 may discharge therein when the lower cut-off closes chamber 4, and a eut-oft', 15, for closing the bottom of the chamber in said stationary plate, substantially as described.
2. In a cigar-bunching machine, the combination, with a feed-hopper having a feedchamber in the bottom thereof, of an upper cut-ott closing said chamber, a cutoff plate moving beneath the door of the hopper and having a second feed-chamber which may be caused to register with that in the hoppertioor, a stationary plate below the second feedchamber, having a chamber, 12, a valve below and pivotally mounted upon the stationary plate, the said valve being normally closed to prevent eXit from the chamber 12" by a springactuated lever, and a bracket-arm operating said lever and the cut-off plate and upper cutoff in such manner as to bring the feed-chainbers to register' when the upper cut-oft' and valve of the lower cut-off plate are closed, substantially as described.
3. In a cigar-bunehing machine, the combination, with a hopper having in its floor a feed chamber, 4, of an upper cut-off or valve, 5, a movable cut-off or valve, 9, below the hopper-tloor, and having a second feed-chamber, 12, and means for alternately operating said upper and lower cnt-offs, said feed-chamber 12 being of dimensions to receive and hold the loose tobacco received from feed-chamber 4, and being. moreover, provided with a Inovable block, 43d, adjustable between the parallel sides of one end of chamber 12, said block having a recess supplementing the form of the bunch, substantially as described.
4. In a cigar-bunching machine, the combination, with a segmental table and with an apron overlying the same, of a bracket-arm having uprights, a bunching-barjournaled in supports on said uprights and sweeping over the table beneath the apron, a friction clamp lying upon the said apron, and a lift at or near the inner angle of the table to raise the inner end of the bunching-bar against the downward tension of a spring, substantially as described.
5. In a ciganbnnching machine, the eom-` table, with which said bnnching-bar cornes in bination, with a table of segmental form hav- Contact to raise the inner1 end, substantially as ing a recess and with an apron lying thereon, described. said apron being parallel to the chord of the In testimony whereof Iaflix my signature in 5 are formed by the outer edge of the segmental presence of two witnesses. table, of a bunching-bar lying on said t able be- ABRAHAM H SHOCK neath the apron, a, bracket-arm carrylng said hunehing-bar and having supports therefor, in Vitnesses: which said bunehing-bar is vertically 1nov- I. C. ARNOLD, to able, and :L liftI upon the inner angle of the l A. H. FRITCHEY.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3515147A (en) * 1968-06-25 1970-06-02 Sutliff Tobacco Co Machine and method for making cigarettes

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3515147A (en) * 1968-06-25 1970-06-02 Sutliff Tobacco Co Machine and method for making cigarettes

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