US3872021A - Cleaning composition - Google Patents

Cleaning composition Download PDF

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Publication number
US3872021A
US3872021A US30593172A US3872021A US 3872021 A US3872021 A US 3872021A US 30593172 A US30593172 A US 30593172A US 3872021 A US3872021 A US 3872021A
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dry cleaning
weight percent
cleaning agent
composition
weight
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Audrey M Mcknight
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Audrey M Mcknight
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/02Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using organic solvents
    • D06L1/04Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using organic solvents combined with specific additives

Abstract

A dry cleaning pre-spotter composition including soap, anionic and nonionic detergents, and organic dry cleaning solvents.

Description

Siam 1191 1111 3,872,021 McKnight Mar. 18, 1975 [5 CLEANING COMPOSITION 3,272,754 9/1966 Jaccard 252/559 3,630,935 12/1971 Potter 252/170 X 176] Inventor (key McKmght 3524 East 3,642,644 2/1972 01016 Eta] 252/170 x Avenue R, 96, Palmdale, Callf- 3,655,572 4/1972 Straus 252/558 x 93550 3,689,211 9/1972 Giz mpalmi et a1 252/170 x Filed: Nov. 1972 3,776,693 12/1973 Smith et a] 252/170 X 21 Appl. No.1 305,931

Primary ExaminerStephen J. Lechert, Jr. [52] US. Cl 252/121, 252/122, 252/126, 252/127, 252/170, 252/172, 252/173, 252/558, 252/559 51 Int. Cl ..Cl1d 9/32 1571 ABSTRACT [58] Field of Search 252/121, 127, 122, 126,

252/558, 559, 170, 172, 173 A dry. cleaning pre-spotter composition including soap, anionic and nonionic detergents. and organic [56] References Cited dry cleaning solvents.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,222,286 12/1965 Barnes 252/559 5 Claims, N0 Drawings CLEANING COMPOSITION This invention relates to a dry cleaning pre-spotter formulation for treating textile materials before they are subjected to conventional dry cleaning operations.

Previously, considerable difficulty had been experienced in providing a pre-spotting formulation that will effectively remove a wide spectrum of spots from textile materials. Such spots on textile materials may be formed by paints, greases, oils, beverages, inks, chemicals, and the like. All of these stains may be found on one garment or in a random sampling of garments that come through a dry cleaning establishment during the course of a day. It is very difficult to determine in some instances precisely what the stain on the textile was caused by. If pre-spotting agents are used that are effective against one stain but are not effective in removing other types of stains, there is a risk that the wrong cleaner will be used, and the stain will remain or, worse, it will be fixed in place so that it will be impossible to remove it. There is a need for a universal prespotting composition.

According to the present invention, a substantially universal pre-spotting composition for use in dry cleaning is provided.

The pre-spotting composition of this invention is an admixture including a liquified soap, an anionic synthetic detergent, a nonionic detergent, and certain organic solvents.

The vehicle for providing the composition in an homogeneous liquid admixture is a conventional dry cleaning solvent; such as, the petroleum distillate solvents identified as Stoddards solvent or 140 Fahrenheit solvent or the chlorinated solvents; such as, carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene, and perchloroethylene. The chlorinated solvents are preferred, and perchloroethylene is the most preferred solvent vehicle.

The pre-spotting composition includes a substantial proportion of an amyl acetate which is an effective solvent for a wide variety of organic materials that frequently occur in spots on textiles.

The soaps that are suitable for use in this composition are conventional soaps that are used as dry cleaning detergents, including generally the sodium, ammonium, and potassium salts of fatty acids containing from 12 to 18 carbon atoms. Typical soaps include sodium, potassium, and ammonium stearate; sodium, potassium, and ammonium palmitate; sodium, potassium, and ammonium oleate; sodium, ammonium, and potassium abietate; sodium, potassium, and ammonium ricinoleate; and the like. Also, the soap must be liquified in order to be incorporated in the pre-spotting composition. Conventional liquification procedures are employed and include, for example, admixing the soap with an organic solvent, a coupling agent, and water. As used herein, the term soap is intended to refer to the liquified sodium, potassium, and ammonium salts of the fatty acids containing from about 12 to 18 carbon atoms.

Synthetic anionic detergents that are suitable for inclusion in the pre-spotting composition of this invention include the sodium, potassium, and ammonium salts ofthe alkyl aryl sulfonates in which the aryl group is generally benzene, and the alkyl group contains about to I5 carbon atoms. As used herein, the term anionic alkyl benzene sulfonate is intended to include the compounds wherein the cation is sodium, potassium, or ammonia, and the alkyl group contains about 10 to 15 carbon atoms.

Additional components of the pre-spotting composition include nonionic synthetic detergents; such as, fatty acid-alkanolamine condensates formed by condensing fatty acids with amines, such as diethanolamine; ethylene oxide-fatty acid condensate formed by the condensation of from about 12 to 15 mols of ethylene oxide with 1 mol of a fatty acid; and alkyl aryl polyether alcohols formed by the condensation of from about 9 to 12 mols of ethylene oxide with an alkyl phenol; various other surfactant glycols and ethers; and the like.

Throughout this specification parts and percentages are by weight unless otherwise indicated.

A very effective and substantially universal prespotting composition of this invention is prepared according to the following formulation.

This formulation is tested on a wide variety of stains and fabrics, including oil, carbon black, paint, blood, and ink on silk, cotton, wool, rayon acetate, nylon, polyesters, and the blends of wool and polyester.

The sodium oleate in this example is liquified by premixing it with the water, Cyclohexanol, and methyl iso butyl ketone before admixing it with the balance of the composition.

The composition set forth in this example is the preferred composition, however, substitutions and alterations may be made therein without adversely affecting the spot removal capabilities of the composition. For example, carbon tetrachloride or trichloroethylene may be substituted for the perchloroethylene, and the proportion of the solvent may be varied from approximately 35 to 80 weight percent. Various soaps, such as ammonium stearate and potassium ricinoleate, may be substituted for the sodium oleate; and the proportion of the soap in the composition, including the agents required to liquify it, may range from about 4 to 15 percent by weight. Various liquification materials may be used; for example, methylcyclohexanol may be used instead of Cyclohexanol and various ketones; such as, methylamyl ketone, ethylbutyl ketone methylcyclohexanone, may be used if desired. ln general the quantity of materials required to liquify the soap are approximately equal to the weight of the solid soap before it is liquified for use in the composition of this invention. The proportion of amyl acetate in the composition may be varied from approximately 5 to 20 percent and is preferably employed in the range of from about 5 to 15 percent. Various nonionic surfactant materials may be utilized, such as polyalkylene oxide phenolic andv fatty acid condensates. In general the nonionic materials are present in amounts ranging from approximately I percent to 10 percent and preferably from about 3 to 8 percent by weight. lfdesired, admixtures of various materials may be employed. For example, a mixture of sodium and ammonium oleate could be employed if desired. Likewise, admixtures of anionic or nonionic detergents may be used. The anionic alkyl benzene sulfonate may be present in amounts ranging from about 5 to 20 weight percent and is preferably employed in quantities ranging from about 8 to 15 weight percent of the composition.

What is claimed is:

1. A dry cleaning agent for textiles and the like comprising about 4 to 15 weight percent of a high molecule weight fatty acid soap, about 5 to 20 weight percent of anionic alkyl benzene sulfonate wherein the alkyl group contains from about 10 to carbon atoms, about 5 to weight percent amyl acetate, about 1 to 10 weight percent of a nonionic detergent, and from about 35 to 80 weight percent dry cleaning solvent.

2. The dry cleaning agent of claim 1 wherein the high molecular weight fatty acid soap is sodium stearate.

3. The dry cleaning agent of claim 1 wherein the anizene sulfonate.

4. The dry cleaning agent of claim 1 wherein the nonionic detergent comprises 2,3-bis(alkoxy)-l-proponal wherein the alkoxy group contains from about 10 to 15 carbon atoms.

5. A dry cleaning agent for textiles and the like comprising a formulation having the ingredients and approximate weight percentage concentrations as follows:

Water 0.0); Methyl lsohutyl Kctonc 0.8 /1 Cyclohcxanol 2.9% Sodium Olcatc 2.4)? 2-Methylnaphthalcnc 0.9% 2,3-Bis(Dodcoxy)-l-Proponal 4.8% Amyl Acetate 12.5% Ammonium Dodecylbenzcne Sulfonate 10.8% Neopcntylcne Glycol 0.3% Perchloroethylene 640%

Claims (5)

1. A DRY CLEANING AGENT FOR TEXTILES AND THE LIKE COMPRISING ABOUT 4 TO 15 WEIGHT PERCENT OF A HIGH MOLECULE WEIGHT FATTY ACID SOAP, ABOUT 5 TO 20 WEIGHT PERCENT OF ANIONIC ALKYL BENZENE SULFONATE WHEREIN THE ALKYL GROUP CONTAINS FROM ABOUT 10 TO 15 CARBON ATOMS, ABOUT 5 TO 20 WEIGHT PERCENT AMYL ACETATE, ABOUT 1 TO 10 WEIGHT PERCENT OF A NONIONIC DETERGENT, AND FROM ABOUT 35 TO 80 WEIGHT PERCENT DRY CLEANING SOLVENT.
2. The dry cleaning agent of claim 1 wherein the high molecular weight fatty acid soap is sodium stearate.
3. The dry cleaning agent of claim 1 wherein the anionic alkyl benzene sulfonate is ammonium dodecylbenzene sulfonate.
4. The dry cleaning agent of claim 1 wherein the nonionic detergent comprises 2,3-bis(alkoxy)-1-proponal wherein the alkoxy group contains from about 10 to 15 carbon atoms.
5. A dry cleaning agent for textiles and the like comprising a formulation having the ingredients and approximate weight percentage concentrations as follows:
US30593172 1972-11-13 1972-11-13 Cleaning composition Expired - Lifetime US3872021A (en)

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Cited By (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4093418A (en) * 1977-03-23 1978-06-06 Basf Wyandotte Corporation Method of spotting garments to be laundered
US4124542A (en) * 1977-08-25 1978-11-07 Devine Michael J Spot cleaning composition for carpets and the like
US4199482A (en) * 1977-03-31 1980-04-22 Colgate-Palmolive Company Laundry pre-spotter composition and method of using same
US4289644A (en) * 1978-09-11 1981-09-15 Armour-Dial, Inc. Pre-wash stick cleaner
US4378968A (en) * 1980-06-20 1983-04-05 Chloe Chimie Process for preventing the redeposition of soil during dry cleaning, and composition for carrying out this process
US4414128A (en) * 1981-06-08 1983-11-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent compositions
US4620946A (en) * 1984-03-07 1986-11-04 Montefluos S.P.A. Compositions based on 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane for industrial washing
US4738792A (en) * 1986-06-20 1988-04-19 Ertle Raymond T Laundry pre-spotter method
US4738791A (en) * 1986-06-20 1988-04-19 Ertle Raymond T Laundry pre-spotter composition
US5503778A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-04-02 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Cleaning compositions based on N-alkyl pyrrolidones having about 8 to about 12 carbon atoms in the alkyl group and corresponding methods of use
US5531927A (en) * 1992-03-20 1996-07-02 Bio-Safe Specialty Products, Inc. Stain removing compositions and methods of using the same
US5573710A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-11-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Multisurface cleaning composition and method of use
US5597792A (en) * 1993-04-02 1997-01-28 The Dow Chemical Company High water content, low viscosity, oil continuous microemulsions and emulsions, and their use in cleaning applications
US5613984A (en) * 1994-12-23 1997-03-25 Exfoliation Systems, Ltd. Process for laundering paint soiled garments
US5637559A (en) * 1993-03-30 1997-06-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Floor stripping composition and method
US5922665A (en) * 1997-05-28 1999-07-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aqueous cleaning composition including a nonionic surfactant and a very slightly water-soluble organic solvent suitable for hydrophobic soil removal
US6150320A (en) * 1994-07-21 2000-11-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Concentrated cleaner compositions capable of viscosity increase upon dilution
US6471945B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-10-29 Warner-Lambert Company Stain removing chewing gum and confectionery compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US6479071B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-11-12 Warner-Lambert Company Chewing gum and confectionery compositions with encapsulated stain removing agent compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US6485739B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-11-26 Warner-Lambert Company Stain removing chewing gum and confectionery compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US20030036980A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-02-20 Wren Stephen C. System for marketing goods and services utilizing computerized central and remote facilities
US20050008732A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-01-13 Petros Gebreselassie Chewing gum and confectionery compositions containing a stain removing complex, and methods of making and using the same
US6849589B2 (en) 2001-10-10 2005-02-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Cleaning composition
US20050214348A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-09-29 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition having preselected tensile strength
US20050260266A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-11-24 Cadbury Adams Usa, Llc. Controlled release oral delivery systems
US20060024245A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Cadbury Adams, Llc. Tooth whitening compositions and delivery systems therefor
US20060068058A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Thermally stable, high tensile strength encapsulation compositions for actives
US20060068059A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Encapsulated compositions and methods of preparation
US20060068057A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Thermally stable, high tensile strength encapsulated actives
US20060115434A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2006-06-01 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Chewing gum and confectionery compositions with encapsulated stain removing agent compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US20060263480A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition having selected particle size
US20060263476A1 (en) * 2004-08-25 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa, Llc. Center-filled chewing gum with barrier layer
US20060263413A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Delivery system for active components and a material having preselected hydrophobicity as part of an edible composition
US20060263474A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Enhanced flavor-release comestible compositions and methods for same
US20060263479A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition including a ratio of encapsulating material and active component
US20060263477A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Edible composition including a delivery system for active components
US20060263472A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adam Usa Llc Delivery system for coated active components as part of an edible composition
US20060286259A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-12-21 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Taste potentiator compositions and beverages containing same
US20060286202A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-12-21 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Taste potentiator compositions and edible confectionery and chewing gum products containing same
US20070053972A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-08 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Gelatin capsules containing actives
US20070054023A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2007-03-08 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Taste potentiator compositions and beverages containing same
US20070178187A1 (en) * 2006-01-27 2007-08-02 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Chewing gum compositions including free neotame sweetener compositions
US20070178188A1 (en) * 2006-01-27 2007-08-02 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Chewing gum compositions including free neotame sweetener compositions
US20070237725A1 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-10-11 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Calcium phosphate complex and salts in oral delivery systems
US20080227679A1 (en) * 2007-03-13 2008-09-18 Elementis Specialties, Inc. Biodegradable Cleaning Compositions
US7445769B2 (en) 2002-10-31 2008-11-04 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Compositions for removing stains from dental surfaces and methods of making and using the same
US20080317681A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2008-12-25 Petros Gebreselassie Compositions containing a stain removing complex, and methods of making and using the same
US20090004360A1 (en) * 2007-05-14 2009-01-01 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Taste Potentiator Compositions in Oral Delivery Systems
US7641892B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2010-01-05 Cadburry Adams USA, LLC Tooth whitening compositions and delivery systems therefor
US7727565B2 (en) 2004-08-25 2010-06-01 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Liquid-filled chewing gum composition
US8389031B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2013-03-05 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Coated delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition
US8591974B2 (en) 2003-11-21 2013-11-26 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Delivery system for two or more active components as part of an edible composition
US9198448B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2015-12-01 Intercontinental Great Brands Llc Stable tooth whitening gum with reactive ingredients

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US3272754A (en) * 1961-08-08 1966-09-13 Sandoz Ltd Dry cleaning agents for textile materials
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Cited By (77)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4093418A (en) * 1977-03-23 1978-06-06 Basf Wyandotte Corporation Method of spotting garments to be laundered
US4199482A (en) * 1977-03-31 1980-04-22 Colgate-Palmolive Company Laundry pre-spotter composition and method of using same
US4124542A (en) * 1977-08-25 1978-11-07 Devine Michael J Spot cleaning composition for carpets and the like
US4289644A (en) * 1978-09-11 1981-09-15 Armour-Dial, Inc. Pre-wash stick cleaner
US4378968A (en) * 1980-06-20 1983-04-05 Chloe Chimie Process for preventing the redeposition of soil during dry cleaning, and composition for carrying out this process
US4414128A (en) * 1981-06-08 1983-11-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent compositions
US4620946A (en) * 1984-03-07 1986-11-04 Montefluos S.P.A. Compositions based on 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane for industrial washing
US4738792A (en) * 1986-06-20 1988-04-19 Ertle Raymond T Laundry pre-spotter method
US4738791A (en) * 1986-06-20 1988-04-19 Ertle Raymond T Laundry pre-spotter composition
US5531927A (en) * 1992-03-20 1996-07-02 Bio-Safe Specialty Products, Inc. Stain removing compositions and methods of using the same
US5503778A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-04-02 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Cleaning compositions based on N-alkyl pyrrolidones having about 8 to about 12 carbon atoms in the alkyl group and corresponding methods of use
US5573710A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-11-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Multisurface cleaning composition and method of use
US5637559A (en) * 1993-03-30 1997-06-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Floor stripping composition and method
US5744440A (en) * 1993-03-30 1998-04-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Hard surface cleaning compositions including a very slightly water-soluble organic solvent
US5597792A (en) * 1993-04-02 1997-01-28 The Dow Chemical Company High water content, low viscosity, oil continuous microemulsions and emulsions, and their use in cleaning applications
US5811383A (en) * 1993-04-02 1998-09-22 The Dow Chemical Company High water content, low viscosity, oil continuous microemulsions and emulsions, and their use in cleaning applications
US6150320A (en) * 1994-07-21 2000-11-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Concentrated cleaner compositions capable of viscosity increase upon dilution
US5613984A (en) * 1994-12-23 1997-03-25 Exfoliation Systems, Ltd. Process for laundering paint soiled garments
US5922665A (en) * 1997-05-28 1999-07-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aqueous cleaning composition including a nonionic surfactant and a very slightly water-soluble organic solvent suitable for hydrophobic soil removal
US6696044B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2004-02-24 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Stain removing chewing gum and confectionery compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US6471945B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-10-29 Warner-Lambert Company Stain removing chewing gum and confectionery compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US6485739B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-11-26 Warner-Lambert Company Stain removing chewing gum and confectionery compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US20060115434A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2006-06-01 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Chewing gum and confectionery compositions with encapsulated stain removing agent compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US6479071B2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-11-12 Warner-Lambert Company Chewing gum and confectionery compositions with encapsulated stain removing agent compositions, and methods of making and using the same
US20030036980A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-02-20 Wren Stephen C. System for marketing goods and services utilizing computerized central and remote facilities
US6849589B2 (en) 2001-10-10 2005-02-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Cleaning composition
US7445769B2 (en) 2002-10-31 2008-11-04 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Compositions for removing stains from dental surfaces and methods of making and using the same
US20050008732A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-01-13 Petros Gebreselassie Chewing gum and confectionery compositions containing a stain removing complex, and methods of making and using the same
US7641927B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2010-01-05 Cadbury Adams Usa, Llc Chewing gum and confectionery compositions containing a stain removing complex, and methods of making and using the same
US20080317681A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2008-12-25 Petros Gebreselassie Compositions containing a stain removing complex, and methods of making and using the same
US7390518B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2008-06-24 Cadbury Adams Usa, Llc Stain removing chewing gum composition
US9271904B2 (en) 2003-11-21 2016-03-01 Intercontinental Great Brands Llc Controlled release oral delivery systems
US8591974B2 (en) 2003-11-21 2013-11-26 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Delivery system for two or more active components as part of an edible composition
US20050260266A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-11-24 Cadbury Adams Usa, Llc. Controlled release oral delivery systems
US20090089167A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2009-04-02 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Indicia-Bearing Package for Delivery Systems for Managing Release of Functional Ingredients in an Edible Composition
US20050220867A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-10-06 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition having preselected tensile strength
US20050214348A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-09-29 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition having preselected tensile strength
US8828423B2 (en) 2003-11-21 2014-09-09 Intercontinental Great Brands Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition having preselected tensile strength
US7641892B2 (en) 2004-07-29 2010-01-05 Cadburry Adams USA, LLC Tooth whitening compositions and delivery systems therefor
US20060024245A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Cadbury Adams, Llc. Tooth whitening compositions and delivery systems therefor
US20060263476A1 (en) * 2004-08-25 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa, Llc. Center-filled chewing gum with barrier layer
US7727565B2 (en) 2004-08-25 2010-06-01 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Liquid-filled chewing gum composition
US20060068059A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Encapsulated compositions and methods of preparation
US7955630B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2011-06-07 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Thermally stable, high tensile strength encapsulated actives
US20100112123A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2010-05-06 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Encapsulated compositions and methods of preparation
US8524295B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2013-09-03 Intercontinental Great Brands Llc Thermally stable, high tensile strength encapsulated actives
US20060068058A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Thermally stable, high tensile strength encapsulation compositions for actives
US20060068057A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc Thermally stable, high tensile strength encapsulated actives
US9198448B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2015-12-01 Intercontinental Great Brands Llc Stable tooth whitening gum with reactive ingredients
US8597703B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2013-12-03 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Delivery system for active components as part of an edible composition including a ratio of encapsulating material and active component
US8591972B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2013-11-26 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Delivery system for coated active components as part of an edible composition
US20060263472A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adam Usa Llc Delivery system for coated active components as part of an edible composition
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US8591968B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2013-11-26 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Edible composition including a delivery system for active components
US20060263474A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Cadbury Adams Usa Llc. Enhanced flavor-release comestible compositions and methods for same
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