US3871545A - Closure devices for containers - Google Patents

Closure devices for containers Download PDF

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Publication number
US3871545A
US3871545A US37970273A US3871545A US 3871545 A US3871545 A US 3871545A US 37970273 A US37970273 A US 37970273A US 3871545 A US3871545 A US 3871545A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
portion
member
retaining
neck
cap
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Andre Bereziat
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Astra Plastique SA
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Astra Plastique SA
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D51/00Closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D51/18Arrangements of closures with protective outer cap-like covers or of two or more co-operating closures
    • B65D51/20Caps, lids, or covers co-operating with an inner closure arranged to be opened by piercing, cutting, or tearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2251/00Details relating to container closures
    • B65D2251/0003Two or more closures
    • B65D2251/0006Upper closure
    • B65D2251/0015Upper closure of the 41-type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2251/00Details relating to container closures
    • B65D2251/0003Two or more closures
    • B65D2251/0068Lower closure
    • B65D2251/009Lower closure of the 51-type

Abstract

A closure device for bottle containing solutions which are to be taken by means of a syringe through a perforatable diaphragm, comprises a perforatable closuring disc, a retaining member screwed on the bottle neck and having an annular end wall which presses the periphery of the disc against the end edge of the bottle neck while leaving exposed the central portion of the disc, and a removable covering cap screwed on the retaining member to cover the central opening thereof. The threads of the neck are left-handed and the lower end of the retaining member has inner resilient teeth which cooperate with ratchet-shaped serrations of the neck to lock the retaining member in position. The lower end of the retaining member also has outer ratchetshaped serrations which cooperate with resilient inner resilient teeth carried by the lower portion of the covering cap to lock same in position, but this lower portion of the covering cap is tearable from the skirt thereof to permit of removing the cap when the content of the bottle is to be used.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Brziat 1 Mar. 18, 1975 [75] Inventor: Andr Brziat, Ecully, France [73] Assignee: Astra Plastique, Saint Georges de Reneins, France [22] Filed: July 16, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 379,702

[52] US. Cl 215/249, 215/251, 215/277, 215/256, 215/330 [51] Int. Cl... B6511 41/38, 865d 41/50, B65d 41/62 [58] Field of Search 215/247, 249, 251, 252, 215/276, 277, 330

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,099,370 11/1937 Monnier 215/247 2,162,754 6/1939 Schauer...

2,364,126 12/1944 Cantor 215/247 3,013,687 12/1961 Gould 215/249 3,712,498 1/1973 Lawrence ..1 215/247 Primary E.\'aminerD0nald F. Norton Attorney, Agent, or Firm Dowell & Dowell [57] ABSTRACT A closure device for bottle containing solutions which are to be taken by means of a syringe through a perforatable diaphragm, comprises a perforatable c1osuring disc, a retaining member screwed on the bottle neck and having an annular end wall which presses the periphery of the disc against the end edge of the bottle neck while leaving exposed the central portion of the disc, and a removable covering cap screwed on the retaining member to cover the central opening thereof. The threads of the neck are left-handed and the lower end of the retaining member has inner resilient teeth which cooperate with ratchet-shaped serrations of the neck to lock the retaining member in position. The lower end of the retaining member also has outer ratchet-shaped serrations which cooperate with resilient inner resilient teeth carried by the lower portion of the covering cap to lock same in position, but this lower portion of the covering cap is tearable from the skirt thereof to permit of removing the cap when the content of the bottle is to be used.

3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEU W 1 8W5 sum 1 or 2 1 CLOSURE DEVICES FOR CONTAINERS The present invention relates to closures for flasks, bottles vials and like containers and it concerns a device with double closuring more particularly, but not exclusively, adapted for use in connection with small bottles containing injectable pharmaceutical solution which are taken just before the injection by means of a syringe through a diaphragm, whereby any contact with the ambient atmosphere is avoided.

The closure device according to the invention comprises a perforatoble closuring disc sealingly applied against the end edge of the bottle neck, a retaining member having an inner screw-threaded portion adapted to be screwed on the said neck to maintain the disc, the said retaining member being provided with an outer screw-threaded portion of a hand opposed to that of the inner portion, and with a series of inner locking teeth adapted for cooperation with corresponding ratchet-shaped serrations provided laterally on the periphery of the bottle neck, and a covering cap fixed on the outer screw-threaded portion of the retaining member and including a tearable portion having inner teeth so shaped as to cooperate with ratchet-shaped serrations provided on the outer periphery of the said retaining member.

It will be understood that when the container is filled and the closuring disc mounted on the end edge of the bottle neck, the retaining member may be screwed thereon, its teeth becoming deformed by engagment with the ratchet-shaped serrations of the said neck. It is thereafter impossible to remove the retaining member. The convering cap then realizes a second closuring, it being noted that it can only be unscrewed when its tearable portion is removed, the latter thus forming a safety band which certifies the content of the bottle or container. The unscrewing of the covering cap can never cause the unscrewing of the retaining member owing to the locking effect of the teeth thereof and also of the fact that the threads of the retaining memeber are of opposed hand with respect to those of the covering cap.

In the accompanying drawing:

FIG. 1 is an exploded view with parts in section, illustrating the constituents of a closure device according to the invention.

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the neck of the container.

FIGS. 3 and 4 are transverse sections respectively corresponding to lines III-III and IV-IV of FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is an axial section of the unit obtained when the parts of FIG. 1 are assembled.

FIG. 6 is a cross-section taken along line VI-VI of FIG. 5.

In FIG. 1 reference numeral 1 designates the openended neck of a small bottle or vial which may be made of moulded synthetic plastics or of glass. As shown in FIG. 2, neck 1 comprises a cylindrical portion or ring 10 the periphery of which is formed with two successive series of ratchet-shaped serrations 11. A lefthanded screw-threaded portion 12 is provided above serrations l1.

Neck 1 is adapted to be closed in a gas and liquidtight manner by a closuring disc 2 (FIG. 1) of conventional type, comprising a layer of a flexible synthetic material having a metallic sheet 21 on its lower side.

I This closuring disc 2 is clamped on the upper end of neck 1 by a retaining member 3 wholly made of plastic material. The upper horizontal wall of member 3 has a central opening 30 through which the corresponding portion of disc 2 is exposed. The cylindrical skirt of the said retaining member includes an internally screwthreaded portion as indicated at 31, these threads being left-handed to cooperate with the screw-threads of the neck 1. This skirt is further externally screw-threaded as shown at 32, but threads 32 being right-handed. Member 3 further comprises below the aforesaid skirt and enlarged lower portion 33 (see FIG. 3) having an inner series of obliquely directed blade-like teeth adapted to cooperate with the ratchet-shaped serrations 11 of the ring 10 of neck 1, and an outer series of external ratchet-shaped serrations similar to the serrations 11 of the bottle neck, but arranged in the reverse direction with respect thereto. This enlarged portion 33 of member 3 is followed by an end portion 36 of somewhat larger diameter.

The closure device according to the invention further comprises a covering cap 4 (FIG. 1 and 4), also made of plastics. The upper wall of this cap 4 includes a downwardly extending central circular boss 40 adapted to fit into the central opening 30 of the retaining member 3 and to engage the closuring disc 2. Owing to the flexibility of the upper layer 20 of the disc, this contact between the said disc and the central boss 40 may be gas and fluid tight. The cylindrical skirt of cap 4 has an innr right-handed screw-threaded portion 41 through which it may be screwed on the outer screw-threaded portion 32 of the retaining member. The base of this skirt is connected through an annular portion 42 of lesser resistance with an end portion or tearable band 43 of larger diameter having an inner series of obliquely directed blade-like teeth 44 adapted to cooperate with the ratchet-shaped serrations 35 of the retaining member. 3. As illustrated in FIG. 4 this end portion 43 has a radial slit 45 which determines two facing ends, the latter being connected with each other by an elongated pull tab 46.

The bottle or container may be filled in any conventional manner, as for instance automatically and in a controlled atmosphere. The closuring disc 2 is disposed on the end edge of the neck 1 and the retaining member 3 is screwed thereon, the said member being of course rotated for this purpose in a counter-clockwise direction with respect to the bottle in order that the screw-threaded portions 31 and 12 may cooperate with each other. During this rotation the blade-like teeth 34 of the said member merely slide resiliently over the ratchet-shaped serrations 11, the peripheral edge of the opening 30 provided in the upper wall of member 3 thus engages the closuring disc 2 which is sealingly pressed against the upper edge of the bottle neck 2.

The covering cap 4 is in turn mounted on the retaining member 3. This is also obtained by rotating the said cap with respect to the bottle, but this time the rotation should be effected in the clockwise direction. Here again the blade-like teeth 44 of the cap slide resiliently on the ratchet-shaped serrations 35. The central boss 40 is thus introduced into the central opening 30 until it rests against the disc 2 as illustrated in FIG. 5. It will be noted that this clockwise rotation of the retaining member with respect to the bottle is positively prevented by the inner bladelike teeth 34 (see FIGS. 3 and 6) which engage the ratchet-shaped serrations 11 of the bottle neck. It will further be observed that the height of the central boss 40 of the covering cap is substantially equal to the thickness of the annular end wall of the retaining member and that therefore this cap is simultaneously applied against the said annular end wall and against the closuring disc, as clearly shown in FIG. 5.

When the closure device is thus positioned on the bottle or container, the covering cap 4 can only be unscrewed from the retaining member if the enlarged lower portion or tearable band 42 is removed. This is easily effected by pulling the tab 46. When this band is removed, cap 4 may be freely unscrewed thus exposing the retaining member 3 together with the central portion of the closuring disc 2 through which the content of the bottle may be taken by means of a syringe or like instrument introduced through the disc. The retaining member 3 can never be unscrewed from the bottle neck either during the unscrewing of the covering cap 4 since the screw-threaded portions 41 and 32 are right-handed while the screw-threaded portions 31 and 12 are left-handed, or after this cap is removed, since then the blade-like teeth 34 of the said member engage the ratchet-shaped serrations 11 of the bottle neck to prevent any clockwise rotation of the former.

In the embodiment of FIG. 4 the annular portion 42 which connects the tearable band 43 with the skirt of the covering cap 4 is formed of spaced point-likebridges. It is however obvious that the same result could be obtained by means of a continuous sheet-like portion of quite reduced thickness.

I claim: I

1. A closure device for closing the neck of a container, comprising:

an outer threaded portion on the container neck adjacent to the edge around the opening of the neck;

a perforatable closure disc overlying the edge about said opening;

a retaining member for maintaining said disc in sealed engagement with said edge about said opening, the retaining member having a substantially flat annular end wall overlying the periphery of said disc to press it against said edge and said annular end wall defining a central opening through the end wall exposing a portion of said disc for perforation, and the retaining member having a first annular skirt surrounding said neck and having an internal screw-threaded portion engaging said outer threaded portion to mount the retaining member on said neck, and said first skirt having an external screw-threaded portion therearound;

a cap covering said retaining member and having a closed end wall overlying the end wall of said retaining member and including an inwardly projecting boss portion entering said central opening and abutting said portion of said disc, and the cap further including a second annular skirt surrounding said first annular skirt and having an internal screw-threaded portion engaging said external threaded portion to secure the cap on said retaining member; and I said inner screw-threaded portion of said first skirt and said external screw-threaded portion thereof being of opposite hands.

2. In a closure device as claimed in claim 1, means for resisting opening of the closure device comprising:

ratchet-shaped serrations extending outwardly around said neck adjacent the screw-threaded portion and on the opposite side thereof from said opening of the neck;

said retaining member having on the inner periphery of said skirt resilient blade-like teeth placed and so directed as to yieldably engage said serrations when the retaining member is being screwed onto the neck but to prevent unscrewing of the member therefrom, and said first skirt having serrations around its outer periphery adjacent to its external screw-threaded portion; and

said cap having an open end on said second skirt opposite said closed end wall, an annular tearable portion attached to the open end of the skirt and removable therefrom by tearing, and said tearable portion having on its inner periphery resilient blade-like teeth placed and so directed as to yieldably engage the serrations around the first skirt when the cap is being screwed onto the neck but to prevent unscrewing of the cap until said tearable portion is torn from the second skirt.

3. In a closure device as set forth in claim 1, said closure disc comprising a metallic sheet adapted to engage the edge about said opening of the neck, and a layer of resilient material overlying said sheet to be compressed by said annular end wall.

Claims (3)

1. A closure device for closing the neck of a container, comprising: an outer threaded portion on the container neck adjacent to the edge around the opening of the neck; a perforatable closure disc overlying the edge about said opening; a retaining member for maintaining said disc in sealed engagement with said edge about said opening, the retaining member having a substantially flat annular end wall overlying the periphery of said disc to press it against said edge and said annular end wall defining a central opening through the end wall exposing a portion of said disc for perforation, and the retaining member having a first annular skirt surrounding said neck and having an internal screw-threaded portion engaging said outer threaded portion to mount the retaining member on said neck, and said first skirt having an external screw-threaded portion therearound; a cap covering said retaining member and having a closed end wall overlying the end wall of said retaining member and including an inwardly projecting boss portion entering said central opening and abutting said portion of said disc, and the cap further including a second annular skirt surrounding said first annular skirt and having an internal screw-threaded portion engaging said external threaded portion to secure the cap on said retaining member; and said inner screw-threaded portion of said first skirt and said external screw-threaded portion thereof being of opposite hands.
2. In a closure device as claimed in claim 1, means for resisting opening of the closure device comprising: ratchet-shaped serrations extending outwardly around said neck adjacent the screw-threaded portion and on the opposite side thereof from said opening of the neck; said retaining member having on the inner periphery of said skirt resilient blade-like teeth placed and so directed as to yieldably engage sAid serrations when the retaining member is being screwed onto the neck but to prevent unscrewing of the member therefrom, and said first skirt having serrations around its outer periphery adjacent to its external screw-threaded portion; and said cap having an open end on said second skirt opposite said closed end wall, an annular tearable portion attached to the open end of the skirt and removable therefrom by tearing, and said tearable portion having on its inner periphery resilient blade-like teeth placed and so directed as to yieldably engage the serrations around the first skirt when the cap is being screwed onto the neck but to prevent unscrewing of the cap until said tearable portion is torn from the second skirt.
3. In a closure device as set forth in claim 1, said closure disc comprising a metallic sheet adapted to engage the edge about said opening of the neck, and a layer of resilient material overlying said sheet to be compressed by said annular end wall.
US3871545A 1973-07-16 1973-07-16 Closure devices for containers Expired - Lifetime US3871545A (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BE6044239A BE802220A (en) 1973-07-16 1973-07-11 A closure device for sealing a dual vials, bottles and the like containers
US3871545A US3871545A (en) 1973-07-16 1973-07-16 Closure devices for containers

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Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3980195A (en) * 1974-11-18 1976-09-14 Owens-Illinois, Inc. Tamper-proof closure
US4076140A (en) * 1977-01-13 1978-02-28 Astra Plastique Tamperproof closure element
US4091949A (en) * 1977-03-14 1978-05-30 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Antibackoff threaded ring closure using ratchet means
US4093093A (en) * 1977-03-14 1978-06-06 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Antibackoff closure
US4364485A (en) * 1981-05-15 1982-12-21 Schering Corporation Injectable fluid container and method
US4512486A (en) * 1981-11-16 1985-04-23 Toyo Seikan Kaisha Limited Stopper assembly for medical liquid container and method and apparatus for manufacturing the same
US4524809A (en) * 1983-01-29 1985-06-25 Sterimatic Holdings Limited Fitments for containers from which liquid is intended to be withdrawn by a hollow needle or tube
US4534480A (en) * 1984-06-01 1985-08-13 Sun Coast Plastics, Inc. Tamper evident closure
US4678753A (en) * 1984-08-25 1987-07-07 Biotest-Serum-Institut Gmbh Blood-culture flask with integrated subculture
US4936474A (en) * 1989-02-24 1990-06-26 Continental White Cap, Inc. Container neck finish configuration for improved tamper evident band breakage upon removal of associated closure
US4936445A (en) * 1987-12-28 1990-06-26 Abbott Laboratories Container with improved ratchet teeth
US4940154A (en) * 1988-05-27 1990-07-10 Walter Sarstedt Geraete Und Verbrauchsmaterial Fuer Medizin & Wissenschaft Liquid storage container with closure cap
US5000332A (en) * 1989-06-05 1991-03-19 Whitacre Robert J Waste disposal container with a non-removable, permanent closure
US5052568A (en) * 1989-03-28 1991-10-01 Patrick Simon Tight closing device for containers, and a process for making it
US5065939A (en) * 1990-09-28 1991-11-19 Chesapeake Packaging Company Sharps container and blank
USRE33764E (en) * 1983-06-24 1991-12-10 Press-on cap and seal
US5101993A (en) * 1990-05-10 1992-04-07 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Closure seal
US5111948A (en) * 1988-06-28 1992-05-12 Microplast B.V. Cap assembly and method for producing such an assembly
US5174460A (en) * 1992-02-26 1992-12-29 Sunbeam Plastics Corporation Dual seal closure-adaptor
US5213223A (en) * 1992-03-23 1993-05-25 Sunbeam Plastics Corporation Child resistant closure-adaptor
US5292020A (en) * 1993-05-13 1994-03-08 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Closure with anti-backoff feature
EP0587983A1 (en) * 1992-08-24 1994-03-23 Pohl GmbH & Co. KG Bottle stopper or closure
EP0794129A1 (en) * 1996-03-05 1997-09-10 Rumpler-Technologies Closure for a container, particularlyfor a medical vial
US5788099A (en) * 1995-02-13 1998-08-04 Akysys, Ltd. Vessel for containing batch quantities of dialysate or other physiologic solution chemicals
US5833928A (en) * 1995-11-15 1998-11-10 Sage Products, Inc. Specimen transporting and processing system
US6006932A (en) * 1996-02-29 1999-12-28 Bormioli Rocco & Figlio S.P.A. Capsule for security closure of containers
WO2001017871A1 (en) * 1999-09-06 2001-03-15 Iplastic Co., Ltd. Bottle cap
US20030160020A1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2003-08-28 Oh Jack S. Closure and container and combination thereof with anti-backoff member
US20050040131A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-24 Steve Lin Fluid-tight dilution bottle and cap
US20060102584A1 (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-05-18 Craig Wellman Two-part closure for a container
US20060124646A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2006-06-15 Bernard Guglielmini Water-soluble container
US20070034590A1 (en) * 2005-08-04 2007-02-15 Hidding Douglas J Bottle with retained ring finish feature
US20070090110A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2007-04-26 Skelton Steven A Tamper evident closure
US20080053949A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2008-03-06 Farrar Peter A Packaging Article
US20080093363A1 (en) * 2005-02-22 2008-04-24 Camlab Limited Secure Sample Collection
US20080105644A1 (en) * 2005-04-29 2008-05-08 Douglas Marcus H L Tamper-Evident Closure
US20080190880A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2008-08-14 Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh Wadless Closure
US20080223813A1 (en) * 2007-03-13 2008-09-18 Frank Flak Tamper-indicating closure and container
US20080237236A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2008-10-02 Roger Geoffrey Tanner Dispensing Closure
US20090173007A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2009-07-09 Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh Closure with rfid device
US20090184086A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2009-07-23 Meadwestvaco Corporation Packaging Article
US20090289066A1 (en) * 2008-05-21 2009-11-26 Helen Of Troy Limited Container with sealing lid
US20100170898A1 (en) * 2007-07-13 2010-07-08 Obrist Clouses Switzerland Gmbh Tamper-evident closure
US20100264145A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2010-10-21 Claude Benoit-Gonin Tamper evident closure
US20100320168A1 (en) * 2008-02-19 2010-12-23 Martin Carey Bull Child-resistant closure
USD630093S1 (en) 2010-06-11 2011-01-04 Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh Closure
US20110017736A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2011-01-27 Bernard Guglielmini Closure
US20110210122A1 (en) * 2008-09-11 2011-09-01 Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh Method for forming a closure and a product thereof
US20110303670A1 (en) * 2008-12-10 2011-12-15 Raymond John Baker Secure closure
US20140048537A1 (en) * 2011-11-08 2014-02-20 Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh Tamper-Evident Closure
US9102448B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2015-08-11 Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh Tamper-evident closure

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Cited By (70)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3980195A (en) * 1974-11-18 1976-09-14 Owens-Illinois, Inc. Tamper-proof closure
US4076140A (en) * 1977-01-13 1978-02-28 Astra Plastique Tamperproof closure element
US4093093A (en) * 1977-03-14 1978-06-06 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Antibackoff closure
US4091949A (en) * 1977-03-14 1978-05-30 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Antibackoff threaded ring closure using ratchet means
US4364485A (en) * 1981-05-15 1982-12-21 Schering Corporation Injectable fluid container and method
US4512486A (en) * 1981-11-16 1985-04-23 Toyo Seikan Kaisha Limited Stopper assembly for medical liquid container and method and apparatus for manufacturing the same
US4524809A (en) * 1983-01-29 1985-06-25 Sterimatic Holdings Limited Fitments for containers from which liquid is intended to be withdrawn by a hollow needle or tube
USRE33764E (en) * 1983-06-24 1991-12-10 Press-on cap and seal
US4534480A (en) * 1984-06-01 1985-08-13 Sun Coast Plastics, Inc. Tamper evident closure
US4678753A (en) * 1984-08-25 1987-07-07 Biotest-Serum-Institut Gmbh Blood-culture flask with integrated subculture
US4936445A (en) * 1987-12-28 1990-06-26 Abbott Laboratories Container with improved ratchet teeth
US4940154A (en) * 1988-05-27 1990-07-10 Walter Sarstedt Geraete Und Verbrauchsmaterial Fuer Medizin & Wissenschaft Liquid storage container with closure cap
US5111948A (en) * 1988-06-28 1992-05-12 Microplast B.V. Cap assembly and method for producing such an assembly
US4936474A (en) * 1989-02-24 1990-06-26 Continental White Cap, Inc. Container neck finish configuration for improved tamper evident band breakage upon removal of associated closure
US5052568A (en) * 1989-03-28 1991-10-01 Patrick Simon Tight closing device for containers, and a process for making it
US5000332A (en) * 1989-06-05 1991-03-19 Whitacre Robert J Waste disposal container with a non-removable, permanent closure
US5101993A (en) * 1990-05-10 1992-04-07 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Closure seal
US5065939A (en) * 1990-09-28 1991-11-19 Chesapeake Packaging Company Sharps container and blank
US5174460A (en) * 1992-02-26 1992-12-29 Sunbeam Plastics Corporation Dual seal closure-adaptor
US5213223A (en) * 1992-03-23 1993-05-25 Sunbeam Plastics Corporation Child resistant closure-adaptor
US5316163A (en) * 1992-08-24 1994-05-31 Pohl Gmbh & Co. Kg Bottle top having inner and outer caps for securing and sealing a resilient stopper
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