US3866909A - Protective garment for karate with force indicating members thereon - Google Patents

Protective garment for karate with force indicating members thereon Download PDF

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Publication number
US3866909A
US3866909A US34942373A US3866909A US 3866909 A US3866909 A US 3866909A US 34942373 A US34942373 A US 34942373A US 3866909 A US3866909 A US 3866909A
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Prior art keywords
blow
combatants
members
garment
helmet
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Nino M Desantis
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MILITANA SALVATORE G
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MILITANA SALVATORE G
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/0406Accessories for helmets
    • A42B3/0433Detecting, signalling or lighting devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B69/00Training appliances or apparatus for special sports
    • A63B69/004Training appliances or apparatus for special sports for the martial arts, e.g. karate, judo
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/12Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns
    • A41D13/015Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns with shock-absorbing means
    • A41D13/0155Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns with shock-absorbing means having inflatable structure, e.g. non automatic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B71/0622Visual, audio or audio-visual systems for entertaining, instructing or motivating the user
    • A63B2071/0625Emitting sound, noise or music
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/12Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs
    • A63B2071/1208Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs for the breast and the abdomen, e.g. breast plates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/50Force related parameters
    • A63B2220/51Force
    • A63B2220/53Force of an impact, e.g. blow or punch
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2225/00Other characteristics of sports equipment
    • A63B2225/62Inflatable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/081Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions fluid-filled, e.g. air-filled
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/12Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs
    • A63B71/1216Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the body, e.g. shoulders, or the legs for the genital area

Abstract

A uniform for combatants engaging in full contact contest of Karate and the like consisting of a helmet and a torso protective garment and having a plurality of pockets mounted on the helmet and the garment at the positions of the vulnerable parts of their bodies. Within the pockets there are placed plastic bags that are inflated and which are ruptured with an explosive-type noise upon being inflicted a blow of predetermined force by an adversary to indicate an effective blow having been delivered that would have otherwise disabled the recipient of the blow. The pockets and the plastic bags will be made in various sizes to compel different degrees of accuracy required to score a hit for the various parts of one''s body. In addition, the plastic bags will be made of various strengths of plastic in order to require predetermined forces to rupture the various bags, the forces being commensurate with the force required to disable the opponent if no protective clothing were used.

Description

United States Patent [191 DeSantis [451 Feb. 18, 1975 PROTECTIVE GARMENT FOR KARATE WITH FORCE INDICATING MEMBERS THEREON [75] Inventor: Nino M. DeSantis, Miami, Fla.

[73] Assignee: Salvatore G. Militana, Miami Shores, Fla. a part interest [22] Filed: Apr. 9, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 349,423

[52] US. Cl 272/76, 2/2, 2/3 R [51] Int. Cl. A63b 69/00, A4ld 13/00 [58] Field of Search 272/76; 273/1 F, 102.1 E; I

OTHER PUBLICATIONS Sharpen Your Attack, Black Belt, September, 1969, p. 47.

' Assistant ExarhinerR. T. Stouffer [5 7] ABSTRACT A uniform for combatants engaging in full contact contest of Karate and the like consisting of a helmet and a torso protective garment and having a plurality of pockets mounted on the helmet and the garment at the positions of the vulnerable parts of their bodies. Within the pockets there are placed plastic bags that are inflated and which are ruptured with an explosivetype noise upon being inflicted a blow of predetermined force by an adversary to indicate an effective blow having been delivered that would have otherwise disabled the recipient of the blow. The pockets and the plastic bags will be made in various sizes to compel different degrees of accuracy required to score a hit for the various parts of ones body. In addition, the

. plastic bags will be made of various strengths of plastic in order to require predetermined forces to rupture the various bags, the forces being commensurate with the force required to disable the opponent if no protective clothing were used.

5 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to sport garments and is more particularly directed to such garments that offer protection to the participants of such sports as karate and the like but also assists in determining the effectiveness of each contestant.

2. Description of the Prior Art There are sports in which two contestants oppose each other to determine a winner or one who exhibits a greater degree of dexterity in that sport than the other. Such sports are boxing and wrestling. However, there are certain sports that involve a high degree of violence that wouldcause severe injuries to the participants, and therefore in these sports protective garments are required to be used when in combat. These sports include fencing, karate and the like. A problem arises in the use of protective clothing, in that it becomes difticult if not impossible for referees and umpires to determine a-winner in a contest. In the field of fencing, this problem was solved by either painting the tip of a foil, which upon contact with theopponents garment will leave a mark thereon or have the tip of the foil act as an electrode which when contacting the opponents garment closes a circuit to indicate the contact to the officials, thereby resolving the winner absolutely without any doubts nor any guessing on on the part of the officials.

Karate, which is an art of unarmed self defense is the most violent of sports involving two opposing contestants. At the present time, in tournaments the contestants either go through the motions without making contact with his opponent or they were protective clothing to permit execution of their motions. In either instance they are provided a number of officials who observe the contestants in combat and then determine in their judgment, the winner. Since the officials must, in effect, have to guess which motions resulted in proper and effective forceful blows or counterblows and which were either ineffective or glancing in force, the results of most of the contest could not be positive as to the true winner.

The present invention contemplates avoiding the above indicated objections to the manner of determining the winner of a contest in karate and the like by providing means for indicating the part of the body upon which the blow was inflicted on an opponent and also determines whether or not the blow was sufficiently forceful to inflict the disabling effect desired, had the opponent not worn the protective clothing so that there is no doubt as to the winner of the contest.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION 2 which determines the part of the body received by a blow or motion from one of the opponents by the other and the amount of force inflicted by that blow.

A further object of the present invention is to provide the participants of the sport of karate and the like with protective clothing having targets mounted thereon, which upon being struck by an opponent indicates the force of the blow and the theoretical damage or injury that would have been inflicted if the protective clothing had not been used.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide the participants of the .sport of karate and the like with protective clothing having pockets positioned at the vulnerable parts of a persons body and burstable inflated members placed therein, which, upon receiving a direct blow in true combat contact from an opponent, will burst with a loud noise to correctly indicate the execution of a proper blow at a vulnerable part of his opponents body so as to remove any guessing in the determination as to the winner of the contest.

With these and other objects in view, the invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification, with the understanding, however, that the invention is not confined to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawing but may be changed or moditied so longas such'changes or modifications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGS. 4 and 5 are front and side views of the head protector.

FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view taken 66 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 6.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a burstable inflated member.

Referring to the drawing wherein like numerals are used throughout the several views to indicate similar parts, the numerals l0 and 20 refer to a helmet and torso protector respectively, that embody my invention. Positioned on the helmet l0 and torso protector 20 are a plurality of pockets for containing burstable inflated members 30; the pockets, to be explained in detail hereinafter-are positioned at the vulnerable parts along the line of a persons body. The helmet 10 is similar in construction to that used by football players consisting of a protective covering 11 for the head and ears made of fiberglass and padded with rubber and the like on the inside (not shown surfaceAcross the face opening 12 are a plurality of spaced'bars 13 that join the verticalbar 14 at the center of the front of the helmet 10. Mounted thereon and affixed to the bars l3, I4 is a pocket 15 which is positioned in line with and below a persons nose. On each side of the helmet 10 in alignment with a persons temples is a pocket 16 affixed thereon, as by cementing or gluing.

The torso protector is similar in shape construction to that of a catcher in baseball consisting of layers of padded and blow absorbing materials of somewhat rectangular shape 21 covering the front and side of the torso of a person. There are shoulder portions 22 extending over the shoulders and tied together by straps 23 that extend from the ends of the shoulder portions 22. A pair of further straps 24 extending from each of the side edges of the body'portion 21 are used to. secure the latter to the users body in a snug and fitted manner. At the lower edge of the body portion 21 of the protector 20 extends a centrally position flap 25 with flaps 26 on each side thereof. Along approximately the centerline of the body portion 21 is a plurality of pockets 27, 28, 29 and affixed to the body protector 20. The pocket 27 is in proximity of the users adams apple and the pocket 28 protects the users solar plexis. The pocket 29 covers the users stomach while the pocket 30 is in alignment with the users groin. There are two more pockets 31 astride the stomach pocket 28 which serve to protect the ribs.

Into each of these pockets 15, 16 and 27 to 31 inclusive there is placed an air filled burstable sealed bag 40 made preferably of plastic material which when struck by a blow of sufficient force will burst accompanied by an explosion-type noise. Each of the bags 40 consist of a sleeve-like member of sheet plastic with both edges 41 sealed to contain air trapped therein.

The bags'40 will be of appropriate size, as are the pockets, to cover the particular target it is covering. For instance, the pocket 27 and bag 40 for the Adams apple will be smaller in size than the stomach pocket 29 and bag 40 contained therein since the Adams apple of a person presents a smaller target than the larger size of a persons stomach. Also, since certain parts of a persons body are more vulnerable to blows than other parts, whereby a lesser force struck at one part of a persons body can be as disabling to the combatant as a greater force at another part of his body. For example,.

ent thicknesses so that blows of varying forces will be scored as a hit. The inflated members 40 of the face, temples, adams apple and groin will be formed of thinner plastic than those of the ribs, solar plexis and the stomach so that a blow of certain force will rupture the inflated members 40 of the face, temples, adams apple rupture the inflated members 40 of the ribs, solar plexis and stomach. In addition, with the rupturing of the inflatable members 40, points are attributed to the com? batant that causes the rupture of the inflatable member 40. The amount of the score of points being directly related to the disabling effect of the blow on the combatant had no protective clothing been used.

, The contest between two combatants in karate can now be a spectator sport in'the same manner as boxing. With each combatant attired in the protective clothing 20 and helmet l0 and the proper inflatable members 40 having been placed in the pockets 15, 16 and 27 to 31 inclusive, the combatants can then engage in the karate exercise imparting full impact thrusts and blows at each other. As each inflatable member 40 is ruptured, ac-

and groin, while a blow of greater force is required to I companied by a loud noise, a score is kept. As in boxing, the combatants will engage in the karate exercise by rounds of a certain duration with rest periods in between. If one of the combatants achieves a certain designated score by rupturing a number of inflatable members 40 or the combatant having the highest score at the end of the prescribed number of rounds will be declared the winner.

Now, karate can be demonstrated as a sport in the same manner as'in a boxing contest in which two combatants fight to determine a winner. No longer will it be necessary for judges to observe and evaluate each blow on the basis of whether the blow was of sufficient force to be a disabling blow or lethal blow or whether it was an inconsequential blow. Normally in a karate contest, the combatants act so fast and the blows as well as the counterblows occur in such rapidity that it is difficult if not impossible to see and evaluate all such blows. Consequently, the decision as to which combatant won the contest amounts to an opinion and notas a result of a true measure of thecombatants efforts. With the use of the helmet l0 and garment 20, the combatants can be assured that the one named the winner will be the one who received .the.highes't number points or a predesignated number of points as determined by the ruptured members 40 by each combatant on the garment and head gear of his opponent. If spectators are present observing the contest, they will be apprised of the skill of each of the combatants by the noise emitted by the inflatable members 40 as they are struck by the combatants and ruptured to indicate an effective disabling blow having been delivered.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A uniform for combatants engaging in Karate and the like comprising a protective garment consisting of blow absorbing material, means mounted on said material for securing said garment about the torso of said combatants, a plurality of force indicating means mounted on said garment and positioned so as to cover thevulnerable parts of the body of each of said combatants for indicating when a blow of predetermined force has been inflicted on one of the combatants by the other, each of said means consisting of a pliable member forming an enclosed chamber inflated so as to only contain matter consisting essentially of fluid material, said fluid material including a substantial proportion of gas, said member requiring said blow of predetermined force to become ruptured and to simultaneously emit a substantially loud noise to indicate reception of said blow atone of said vulnerable parts of not less than said predetermined force by said one of said combatants and further means removably securing said pliable members to said garment whereby'ruptured members are readily replaced by unruptured members.

2. The structure as recited by claim 1 taken in combination with a helmet mountable on said combatants head for protection thereto, and a plurality of said pliable members mounted on said helmet so as to cover the vulnerable parts ofthe head of each of said combatants and said further means removably securing said pliable members to said helmet.

3. The structure as recited by claim 2 wherein said further means comprises a plurality of pockets secured to said garment and said helmet removably receiving said pliable members.

accompanied by a loud noise.

5. The structure as recited by claim 4 wherein said pliable members positioned in said pockets varyas to the predetermined amount of force required to rupture therein whereby upon the inflicting of a blow of suffi- 5 said members.

cient force thereon said member shall be ruptured and

Claims (5)

1. A uniform for combatants engaging in Karate and the like comprising a protective garment consisting of blow absorbing material, means mounted on said material for securing said garment about the torso of said combatants, a plurality of force indicating means mounted on said garment and positioned so as to cover the vulnerable parts of the body of each of said combatants for indicating when a blow of predetermined force has been inflicted on one of the combatants by the other, each of said means consisting of a pliable member forming an enclosed chamber inflated so as to only contain matter consisting essentially of fluid material, said fluid material including a substantial proportion of gas, said member requiring said blow of predetermined force to become ruptured and to simultaneously emit a substantially loud noise to indicate reception of said blow at one of said vulnerable parts of not less than said predetermined force by said one of said combatants and further means removably securing said pliable members to said garment whereby ruptured members are readily replaced by unruptured members.
2. The structure as recited by claim 1 taken in combination with a helmet mountable on said combatant''s head for protection thereto, and a plurality of said pliable members mounted on said helmet so as to cover the vulnerable parts of the head of each of said combatants and said further means removably securing said pliable members to said helmet.
3. The structure as recited by claim 2 wherein said further means comprises a plurality of pockets secured to said garment and said helmet removably receiving said pliable members.
4. The structure as recited by claim 3 wherein each of said pliable members comprises substantially pliable sheet material formed in a sleeve and sealed along their edges forming an enclosed chamber containing air therein whereby upon the inflicting of a blow of sufficient force thereon said member shall be ruptured and accompanied by a loud noise.
5. The structure as recited by claim 4 wherein said pliable members positioned in said pockets vary as to the predetermined amount of force required to rupture said members.
US3866909A 1973-04-09 1973-04-09 Protective garment for karate with force indicating members thereon Expired - Lifetime US3866909A (en)

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Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4068323A (en) * 1976-10-06 1978-01-17 Pu Gill Gwon Athletic protective system
US4377009A (en) * 1979-09-17 1983-03-22 Huey Douglas Head protector
US4653582A (en) * 1985-05-22 1987-03-31 Treco Products, Inc. Point indicating system for combat sports
US4660230A (en) * 1984-07-09 1987-04-28 Walter G. Weissenberger Baseball batting helmet
US4663785A (en) * 1986-03-28 1987-05-12 Comparetto John E Transparent-translucent fluidic head protector
US4711043A (en) * 1986-10-01 1987-12-08 Johnson Dennis M Training device for kicking a football or soccer ball
US4761005A (en) * 1985-10-10 1988-08-02 Barry J. French Sports scoring device including a flexible prezoelectric layer resilient layer
US4763275A (en) * 1986-02-20 1988-08-09 Carlin John A Force accumulating device for sporting protective gear
US4824107A (en) * 1985-10-10 1989-04-25 French Barry J Sports scoring device including a piezoelectric transducer
US5110124A (en) * 1991-05-31 1992-05-05 James Micco Blanket for peewee football blocking and tackling dummy
US5213366A (en) * 1992-06-19 1993-05-25 Sweger Jr Ronald R Safety belt shield construction
US5249306A (en) * 1990-08-27 1993-10-05 Al Potash Self-defense practice assembly
US5343569A (en) * 1993-07-26 1994-09-06 Asare Michael K Protective helmet containing dye capsules
US5397260A (en) * 1992-02-07 1995-03-14 Tyco Investment Corp. Toy crash center play set
US5501649A (en) * 1994-10-27 1996-03-26 Queppet; Timothy J. Martial arts training pad and blocking shield
US5515545A (en) * 1995-01-17 1996-05-14 Milford G. Becton Pillow case tee-shirt
US5694645A (en) * 1996-04-02 1997-12-09 Triplette; Walter W. Fencing garments made from stretchable, electrically conductive fabric
US5802607A (en) * 1995-10-20 1998-09-08 Triplette; Walter W. Fencing jackets made from electrically conductive threads
US5983391A (en) * 1998-07-01 1999-11-16 Palmer; Jeffrey C. Martial arts protective device
US6035452A (en) * 1997-09-30 2000-03-14 Braxton; Michael D Expansible protective body pouches employing removable-replaceable components
US6056674A (en) * 1998-04-17 2000-05-02 Cook; Arnold J. Method and apparatus for boxing
US6301718B1 (en) * 1999-11-09 2001-10-16 Salomon S.A. Protective helmet
US6308578B1 (en) 1998-11-18 2001-10-30 Derose Dayne Forge protection device and method
US6353932B2 (en) 2000-06-22 2002-03-12 Alan I. Stembridge Martial arts Gi with targets
WO2003000355A1 (en) 2001-06-25 2003-01-03 Snyder Gregory P Training shoe for soccer
US6519782B2 (en) 2001-05-01 2003-02-18 Hos Development Corporation Baseball catcher's chest protector
WO2004004840A1 (en) * 2002-07-10 2004-01-15 Douglas Lovison Scoring device for fighting sports
US20050198725A1 (en) * 2004-03-10 2005-09-15 Richard Mollo Article with 3-dimensional secondary element
US20060161356A1 (en) * 2002-07-24 2006-07-20 Michel Desroses Device for detecting the nature of a blow and measuring its force, method for using same and use thereof for refereeing a sport
US20070021219A1 (en) * 2005-06-23 2007-01-25 Tsung-Shan Wu Tournament refereeing digital display apparatus
US20090183291A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Mccall Vincent Demorris Thermo cooled-gel sensor shelled-facial mask and vest
WO2010051844A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-14 Manfred Helzel System for displaying and quantifying hits in real time using monitors or large-format projection screens
US20110072567A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Ronald Duhame Impact transfer device
US20110098094A1 (en) * 2009-10-23 2011-04-28 Zatara Nominees Pty Ltd Electronic scoring system, method and armor for use in martial arts
GB2483634A (en) * 2010-09-07 2012-03-21 Kevin Henry Boxing training or simulating apparatus
US8621673B1 (en) * 2013-03-20 2014-01-07 Antonio Pietrantonio Concussion indicator
US8769713B2 (en) * 2011-01-13 2014-07-08 Apex Tactical Specialties, Inc. Impact marking vest
US20150057131A1 (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-02-26 Stryko Limited Harness for martial arts training, professional mixed martial arts and boxing training, combat training, fitness training, and striking training and practice

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US1127632A (en) * 1915-02-09 Wencel J Karban Life-preserving suit.
US2017868A (en) * 1934-04-20 1935-10-22 Roger A Nolan Life belt
US3302214A (en) * 1964-06-01 1967-02-07 Yuritch Victor Lester Protective armor for the human body
US3387842A (en) * 1965-12-14 1968-06-11 Leonard D. Edgar Self-defense manikin practice device
US3529822A (en) * 1968-07-17 1970-09-22 Leonard R Rubin Electrical apparatus for scoring fencing matches
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1127632A (en) * 1915-02-09 Wencel J Karban Life-preserving suit.
US2017868A (en) * 1934-04-20 1935-10-22 Roger A Nolan Life belt
US3302214A (en) * 1964-06-01 1967-02-07 Yuritch Victor Lester Protective armor for the human body
US3387842A (en) * 1965-12-14 1968-06-11 Leonard D. Edgar Self-defense manikin practice device
US3529822A (en) * 1968-07-17 1970-09-22 Leonard R Rubin Electrical apparatus for scoring fencing matches
US3577836A (en) * 1969-11-12 1971-05-11 Raymond M Tamura Armored garment
US3771171A (en) * 1972-08-31 1973-11-13 Ato Inc Athletic protective equipment

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4068323A (en) * 1976-10-06 1978-01-17 Pu Gill Gwon Athletic protective system
US4377009A (en) * 1979-09-17 1983-03-22 Huey Douglas Head protector
US4660230A (en) * 1984-07-09 1987-04-28 Walter G. Weissenberger Baseball batting helmet
US4653582A (en) * 1985-05-22 1987-03-31 Treco Products, Inc. Point indicating system for combat sports
US4824107A (en) * 1985-10-10 1989-04-25 French Barry J Sports scoring device including a piezoelectric transducer
US4761005A (en) * 1985-10-10 1988-08-02 Barry J. French Sports scoring device including a flexible prezoelectric layer resilient layer
US4763275A (en) * 1986-02-20 1988-08-09 Carlin John A Force accumulating device for sporting protective gear
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