US3847382A - Card handling apparatus - Google Patents

Card handling apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US3847382A
US3847382A US19872271A US3847382A US 3847382 A US3847382 A US 3847382A US 19872271 A US19872271 A US 19872271A US 3847382 A US3847382 A US 3847382A
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Prior art keywords
cards
means
card
plate
transport
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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J Mckee
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Magnetec Corp
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TRUE DATA CORP
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/46Supplementary devices or measures to assist separation or prevent double feed
    • B65H3/60Loosening articles in piles
    • B65H3/62Loosening articles in piles by swinging, agitating, or knocking the pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H29/00Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles
    • B65H29/38Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles by movable piling or advancing arms, frames, plates, or like members with which the articles are maintained in face contact
    • B65H29/42Members rotated about an axis parallel to direction of article movement, e.g. helices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/06Rollers or like rotary separators
    • B65H3/063Rollers or like rotary separators separating from the bottom of pile
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K13/00Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism
    • G06K13/02Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism the record carrier having longitudinal dimension comparable with transverse dimension, e.g. punched card
    • G06K13/08Feeding or discharging cards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/10Handled articles or webs
    • B65H2701/19Specific article or web
    • B65H2701/1912Banknotes, bills and cheques or the like

Abstract

Apparatus for handling cards containing data to be scanned at a reading station, and including a feeding station for a stack of cards at which the stack is agitated to dispose the cards in edge contact with a surface at the feeding station in proper alignment with the reading station. Cards are sequentially delivered to a transport roll, and held against the roll in proper reading alignment as the cards are transported past the reading station to a receiver at which the cards are stacked on end in sequence. Resilient screw devices engage and move successive cards from the path of the on-coming cards.

Description

United States Patent 1191 McKee 1 Nov. 12, 1974 CARD HANDLING APPARATUS 3,414,258 l2/l966 Brown 1. 271 44 R 11 28,111 1/1211 11111111.... 1. 21111 3,672668 6/1972 KCUICI] .1 271/(11 [73] Assignee: True Data Corporation l Primary Examiner-R1churd A. Schacher [22] Filed: 151 1971 Assistant Examiner-Bruce H. Sto-ncr. Jr. [211 App! 198,722 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Newton H Lee. Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT 2% 8 2; 6 53 13 Apparatus for handling cards containing data to be 3 87 89 scanned at a reading station, and including a feeding 1 0 fl'j' 1 i 35 station for a stack of cards at which the stack is agitated to dispose the cards in edge contact with a surface at the feeding station in proper alignment with [56] References cued the reading station. Cards are sequentially delivered to UNITED STATES PATENTS a transport roll, and held against the roll in proper 596,098 12/1897 Whitehead 271/1 18 reading alignment as the cards are transported past v0 5,64 8/l9l2 S ocki g 1/ the reading station to a receiver at which the cards are 110661027 6/1913 Mark 271/41 stacked on end in sequence. Resilient screw devices 11637333 8/1927 Mueller 271/4 engage and move successive cards from the path of 2,234,263 3/l94l Lake 271/4 Omcomin Cards 3,191,762 6/1965 Brietzke .7 198/213 3 1 $194,126 7/1965 Larsson 271/89 18 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION respect of establishing and maintaining alignment of the card with the reading station within acceptable limits to avoid erroneous readings or machine stoppage when excessive mis-alignment occurs. Among other things, alignment problems reduce the effective reading rate of the apparatus, because of the necessity, in many cases, to operate at low feed rates and because of frequent stoppage. These problems have persisted, notwithstanding the advent of expensive and complicated apparatus, including, for example, vacuum type feed rollers. Such prior machines, moreover, experience difficulty in the proper handling of cards which have been folded, bent, spindled, or otherwise mutilated, for example by tom edges.

Regarding reading accuracy or inaccuracy caused b mis-alignment, conventional data card, including check, handling apparatus provides a feeding station to which the cards are supplied in stacks, the cards being fed successively from the bottom of the stack. The alignment of the cards with the reading head at the reading station is accomplished by guides spaced apart to provide limited tolerancefor the opposite longitudinal edges of the cards. The feeding of the cards is accomplished by spaced capstans or rollers which engage the cards as they travel to and past the reading station. The cards, however, are capable of skewing in their path of travel, that is, to move angularly within the guides about an axis" perpendicular to the path of travel. Moreover, the cards are unrestrained except at the points of contact with the feed rollers or capstans and are, therefore, free to flutter, that is, to partake of an undulating motion or transverse flexure. When the cards in such apparatus are engaged between a spaced pair of capstansor rollers, the unavoidable and inherent differential peripheral speeds of the capstans or rollers, caused by dimensional differences in the rollers themselves and in the drive therefor, causes longitudinal buckling of the cards.

All of these alignment problems which can cause erroneous reading or machine stoppage can occur at the critical point, where uniformity of alignment and speed is most needed, namely, at the reading station.

When the cards leave the reading station, they are successively fed to a receiver. If a preceding card is in the path of a following card, thefollowing card may contact the card in front of it and as a result be caused to be slightly retarded, causing stoppage of the conventional apparatus which generally includes sensing means for detecting slight longitudinal shifting of the card during the period that it is being read, to avoid erroneous readout. While auger type shifting defices have been employed in an effort to positively move the preceding card from the path of the following card, such auger type devices are only partially effective since the cards maybe deterred in their travel by impingement upon the crest of the helical rib of the auger, thus causing stoppage of the apparatus and. potential edge damage to the card.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides card handling apparatus which obviates the above referred to problems and deficiencies in the prior card. handling apparatus. As used herein, "card" is intended to be generic to various documents or sheets containing data in the form of punches or optical marks, such. as the typical cards, checks, and the like, and including price tags or other documents which can be supplied to a transport mechanism from a stack and transported past a reading station having the usual data reading means capable of reading punches, pencil marks, magnetically and coded data and the like.

More particularly, the present invention provides novel card handling apparatus for feeding data cards past a reading station, wherein the cards are initially successively aligned properly-with the readout head and are delivered to a transport mechanism, while in such alignment, and held positively in alignment as the cards are successively transported. past the reading station. The transporting mechanism is such that skewing, flutter and longitudinal deformation of the cards are all prevented. In addition, the transport mechanism is so constructed that bent or crumpled cards, as well as damaged cards are picked up and transported past the reading station in a flattened state so as to be accurately read and to thereby avoid machine stoppage. Further, the apparatus provides auger means for mov ing a preceding card from the path of a following card at the receiving station to avoid impingement by the following card, wherein the auger is resilient and offers no immovable obstruction to a card to cause the stoppage of machine operation and/or edge mutilation of the card.

In accomplishing the foregoing, the invention pro vides a feeding station having a card guiding or aligning surface disposed at an incline along an edge of the stack of cards, and the stack of cards is jostled or agitated to cause the cards tov gravitate into contact with the card aligning surface to a position parallel with the direction of card travel when the cards are successively picked up at the feeding station by the transport mechanism.

The transport mechanism which transports cards from the, feed station, past the reading station, to the receiving station, in accordance with the invention, employs a single feed roll against which the cards are pressed to hold the cards against lateral or longitudinal shifting relative to the feed roller. Such pressing of the card against the feed roller is also present at the reading station, where immobility of the card from proper alignment or slippage of the card with respect to the feed roller would otherwise cause error or stoppage. Pressing of the card against the transport roller at the reading station will also flatten crumpled or bent cards at the critical point to enable such cards to be accurately read. Since only a single feed roll is used in the transport, the usual timing disc can revolve with the roll and accurately represent card motion, whereas such a timing disc on one of the capstans of a dual capstan transport mechanism is inaccurate since it merely represents motion at a single capstan which may differ from'total card motion.

In a specific form, the jostling of the stack of cards in the feeding station to uniformly align the cards, with the reading head, is accomplished by a mechanism which also operates to cause the leading edge of successive cards to be pressed against the transport roller when activated.

When the successive cards pass the reading station and enter the receiving station or stacker for removal from the apparatus, they are removed from the path of the on-coming card by resilient screw or auger devices composed of an open spiral of spring wire. Thus, the oncoming card will not contact the preceding card, nor will the leading edge of the successive cards be torn or mutilated, since the spring spiral will resiliently deflect sufficiently to avoid such damage.

The invention possesses other features and has other advantages which will be best understood from the following detailed description, taken together with the accompanying drawings forming a part of the application; but it is to be understood that the description and drawings are not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the invention may take other forms and is best defined in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a predominantly frontal perspective of card handling apparatus made in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a section, as taken on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1, showing the interior apparatus;

FIG. 3 is a section as taken on the line 3--3 of FIG.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary 44 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary section, as taken on the line 55 of FIG. 3, showing the card transport mechanism conditioned to pick up and start movement of a card towards the reading station;

FIG. 6 is a view corresponding to FIG. 5, but showing the card passing the reading station;

FIG. 7 is an enlarged horizontal section, as taken on the line 77 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 8 is a view corresponding to FIG. 5, butshowing a modified construction; and

FIG. 9 is a view corresponding to FIG. 6, but showing the modified construction of FIG. 6.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As seen in the drawings, the apparatus of the invention is incorporated in a case or housing 1 having a base 2 adapted to rest on a suitable support, such as a table or other support, and having an upper section 3 in which is a feeding station F to which a stack of data cards, such as punched catds, checks or the like are to be supplied, the housing also having a lower section 4 in which is a card receiver or stacking station S, to which cards are transported by transport means T past a reading station R. The details of the housing 1 require no specific illustration, but it will be understood that it is so constructed as to enable access to the interior working mechanisms described below.

The housing has an inner wall 5 which extends upwardly from the base in the stacking station S and a wall portion 6 forming the back of the feed station F,

section as taken on the line these walls, as best seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, being inclined relative to a vertical plane denoted by the line 7 in FIG. 3, at an angle which facilitates movement of the cards, particularly in the feed station F, laterally into edge engagement with the wall 6. In practice, this angle A may be on the order of 25 from vertical and, if desired, the wall 6 may be substantially horizontal.

The feed station F includes means 8 for agitating or jostling a stack of cards C which are placed in the feed station in generally horizontal relation. The jostling means 8 includes a plate 9 which is generally horizontally deposed between the inner wall 6 and an outer wall 10, the plate being mounted on pivot means 11 remote from the transport station T. The plate 9 has an upwardly inclined end section 12 so that a stack of cards C inherently tends to slide toward the transport station T in stepped or feathered relation in a direction longitudinally of the plate 9, the lower most card being positioned with a leading edge closer to the transport means T than the cards thereabove. The stack of cards also inherently tends to shift laterally into longitudinal edge contact with the inner wall 6, as seen in FIG. 3, due to the fact that the plate 9 is laterally inclined rela tive to a horizontal plane. As shown, the axis of the pivot means 11 is normal to the wall 6, and therefore, if the wall 6 is at an angle of 25 relative to the vertical plane 7, the plate 9 will be at an angle of 25 relative to a horizontal plane. At its upper edge, the wall 10 has a bevelled surface 13 tending to cause cards to move toward, the wall 6 when a stack of cards C has a height greater than the front wall 10 and any of the cards laterally project from the pack towards the wall 10, a distance greater than the small clearance between the cards and the walls 6 and 10. In the event that the guide wall 6 is disposed at an angle nearing horizontal, say between horizontal and about 45 from horizontal, means may be employed to urge the stack of cards against the plate 9. Indeed, even when the guide wall 6 is at an angle as illustrated, means may be needed to apply downward pressure on the stack, particularly when there are few cards in the stack.

In the illustrated embodiment, the agitating or jostling means 8, comprises a solenoid 14, the armature 15 of which is suitably connected beneath the plate 9. A coiled spring 16 disposed about the armature 15 normally biases the plate 9 to pivot upwardly about the pivot means 11, limited by suitable stop means 16a on the lower end of the armature 15, in the illustrated form of a stop nut. Downward movement of the plate 9 is limited by the solenoid stroke or by a stop pin 17 suitably connected by nuts at 18 to a solenoid support bracket 19, a resilient bumper 20 being provided on the pin 17 to engage the plate 9. As will be more fully described below, the solenoid 14 is energized to cause downward movement of the plate 9 against the stop 17 and then de-energized so that the spring 16 returns the plate 9 to the upper position. Such oscillation of the plate 9 beneath the stack of cards C sufficiently agitates or jostles the cards, that they are effectively causedto slide laterally down the laterally inclined plate 9 into longitudinal edge contact with the wall 6 at the feeder station. Thus, each card, as the stacked cards are successively moved from beneath the stack by the transport means, is in the same longitudinally aligned relationship to the transport means T and the reading station R.

The transport means T comprises a friction roll rotatably carried by a shaft 26 for rotation on an axis transverse of the feed station and on the same plane as the plate 9. When the apparatus is in operation, the roll 25 is continuously rotated by a drive motor 25a carried by a motor support 25b. A drive pulley 250 on the motor drives a belt 25d which drives a pulley 25a on the roll 25. The friction roll 25 has a resilient cover provided with laterally spaced peripheral grooves 29 and 30 and lands 31, 32 and 33, and means under the control of the oscillation of the plate 9 are provided for causing frictional engagement between the leading edge of the lowermost card and the lands 31-33 on the roll upon each downward movement of the plate 9, so that the lowermost card is picked up at the feeding station and transported past the reading station R to the stacking station 5.

More specifically, the end of the plate 9 adjacent to the roll 25 has a pair of laterally spaced extension fingers 34 and extending into the roll groves 26 and 30 substantially tangentially to the lands 31-33, the cards being supported on the upper surfaces of these fingers when the plate 9 is in the upper position (FIG. 5) and the lower card-contacting the friction roll 25 when the plate 9 is moved downwardly (FIG. 6) so that the fingers 34 and 35 are moved radially inwardly in the grooves 29 and 30.

Means are provided to apply pressure to the lowermost card in the stack when the plate 9 and the fingers 34 and 35 are moved downwardly, so that the lowermost card will frictionally engage the lands 31-33 of the, roll 25 and thereby be carried by the roll to the reading station R. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1-6, the pressure applying means comprises spring means including a pair of laterally spaced leaf spring arms 36 and 37 affixed by fasteners 33 to an end wall 39 at the feed station F and projecting downwardly in the planes of the roll grooves 29 and3tl and towards the reading station R. These springs 36 and 37 are engageable with the leading edge of the lowermost card when the plate 9 moves downwardly to press the leading edge against the roll 25, but when the plate is in its upper position, the plate fingers 34 and 35 engage beneath the springs 36 and 37 (FIG. 5) to hold the springs out of pressure contact with the lowermost card. The springs 36 and 37 extend circumferentially of the roll 25 sufficiently towards the reading station R, that as the lowermost card is carried by the roll 25 towards and past the reading station, the card is held in the same precise alignment, with respectto the roll 25 and the reading station R,

card motion. Since the cards are .fed by a single roll 25 and slippage cannot occur, due to the springs 37 forcing the cards into positive frictional drive relation with the roll 25, the timing is more accurate than in machines where futter and longitudinal deformation of the card are inherent.

To position successive cards at the feed station and avoid the simultaneous picking up of more than one card by the roll 25 when the solenoid 14 is actuated, which might occur by reason of burrs or tears in adjacent cardsor interfacial card friction, a gauge bar 40 is mounted by fasteners 400 on the end wall 39, the gaugebar 40 having depending stop fingers 41 spaced from the periphery of the lands 31-33 sufficiently to enable passage of a single card past the fingers 41, but the superjacent card will engage the fingers 41 and be held against movement until thetrailing edge of the lowermost card clears the leading edge of the superjacent card and solenoid 14 is again actuated.

At the reading station R, is a support arm 45, clamped or otherwise mounted on the roll support shaft 26 by set screws 46. Mounted on the support arm 45 by fasteners 45a is a reading head supporting bracket 47 which carried a conventional reading head 48 by which the successive card fed through the feed station are scanned. The details of the reading head are not germane to the present invention, but in any event the 1 reader head detacts and supplies signals to a data storing or printing apparatus representing the data recorded on the card. Adjacent to the roll 25, the bracket 47 has a portion 19 opposed to the periphery of the roll 25 and having a face 50 against which the leaf springs 36, 37 abut at their free ends, so that the springs 36, 37 exert substantial pressure on a card pressing the card positively into frictional engagement with the roll 25 as the mid-section of the springs 37 are flexed outwardly from the grooves 29 and 30 of the roll 25 by a card approaching the reading station R, as seen in FIG. 6.

As the cards successively pass through the reading station R, they move downwardly to the stacking station S through a throat 60 defined between an outer guide 61 and an inner guide 62 having stripper fingers 63 which extend into grooves 29 and 30 in the feed roll 25 to prevent the cards from clinging to the roll and deflect the leading edges of the cards into the throat 60. The guide 61 is at the upper end. of a plate 64 which, at its lower portion 65, is inclined inwardly to decelerate and deflect the lower end of the cards as they move which was established by edge contact of the card with the wall 6 at the feed station. Thus, inaccuracy in reading the card due to misalignment is avoided. Moreover, the springs 36 and 37 press the card smoothly against the lands 31-33 and no fluttering of the card is possible. Since only one roll is in engagement with the card, moreover, no undesired longitudinal deformation of the card can occur. As a consequence, the transport mechanism can efficiently carry cards past the reading station R which have been mutilated or crumpled, so that such cards can be effectively read, without jamming or being torn in the transport mechanism and without causing machine stoppage. A timing disc 25f is carried by the roll 25. Such discs, as is well known, are transparent, but have circumferentially spaced opaque markings revolvable relative to fixed opaque markings and a light source (not shown) to time the reader with downwardly to form a stack of cards standing on edge, as seen in FIG. 2. A retainer 66 pivotally carried on the free end of an arm 67 pivotally supported at 68 retains the edge stacked cards against sliding to horizontal positions so that the cards are stacked edgewise in the same order at the stacking station S as the cards are transported from the feed station F.

Means are provided at the stacking station for moving the successive cards from the path of an on-coming card, as best seen in FIGS. 2, 3 and 7, so that an oncoming card cannot impinge upon a preceding card and cause mutilation of either card. As is apparent in FIG. 2, the preceding card will engage the bottom 69 of the stacker station while an on-coming card is still being positively driven by the transport roll 25. While the drive friction between the card and the roll 25 is sufficient to prevent slippage, so that slippage is no problem, in accordance with the invention, it is necessary to prevent impingement of the card being transported against anything which can cause card damage. Thus, the means for moving the successive cards from the path of an on-coming card comprises resilient rotary screw means 70. i

More particularly, a vertical wall 71 at the stacking station T, beneath the reading station R, supports, on mounts 72, drive means, here shown, as a pair of electric motors 73, 73, the shafts 74 of which extend through openings in the support wall 71, and are laterally spaced a distance greater than the width of a card C which passes from the throat 60 between the shafts 74. Suitably mounted on the shafts 74 for rotation therewith are helically wound, resilient screws or auger devices 75, having a lead longitudinally of the shafts 74. In the illustrated embodiment, the spring screws are of opposite hand and are, therefore, rotated oppositely, as indicatedby the arrows in FIG. 7. The spring screws project laterally towards one another so that a card C moving downwardly between the shafts 74 will be engaged at its opposite longitudinal edges and moved progressively to the left in FIG. '7, as indicated by the arrow, so that the trailing edge of each card is moved from the path of the leading edge of the on-coming card. Since, the screws 75 are resilient, if the leading edge of a card initially engages the outer crest of any helix, the spring will be deformed without offering substantial resistance to further longitudinal feeding of the card by the transport roll 25, and therefore, notwithstanding the fact that the card is being positively moved into engagement with the spring screws 75, no damage I can occur to the card.

card at the feed station when the finger 35 on the plate 9 is moved downwardly to the position of FIG. 9 from the position of FIG. 8, to initiate the transport of the successive cards. A second set of springs 137a have ends connected to the stop block 40 by the fasteners 40a and free ends which contact the face 50 of the reader support 47, so that the bowed, intermediate portions of the springs 137a will exert the pressure on the cards required to transport the cards past the reader 48. With this modified construction, the main transport friction provided by the springs 137a can be established independently of the pressure of springs 137 required to initiate the transport.

In addition in FIGS. 8 and 9, a third leaf spring or springs 160 mounted beneath the reader 48 and having a down-turned free end projecting towards the stripper fingers engage the card to constrain it to movement through the throat 60 and to maintain frictional engagement of the card with the roll 25 during the termiratus which is simple in its construction, yet efficient in v operation, the single feed roll and pressure applying means resulting in uniform feeding of cards to the reading station throughout the entire range of card feed rates, in uniform alignment as established at the feed station, and notwithstanding that a card may be bent or crumpled, the cards being effectively end stacked at the stacking station without damage or shut-down of the apparatus.

I claim:

1. In data card handling apparatus comprising a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, transport means for moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver, and drive means for said transport means, said feeding station having card aligning means engageable by the side edges ofthe cards in said stack for aligning the cards with said means for reading the cards, and jostling means for agitating the cards, said jostling means including a plate engageable with the stack of cards, said plate extending on a plane normal to said card aligning means, means mounting said plate for card agitating movements, and actuator means for moving said plate towards and away from said stack of cards indepen-- dently of said drive means, means providing an inclined surface remote from said transport means to feather the stack of cards with the leading edge of the card adjacent to said plate nearest said transport means, and means operable in response to each movement of said plate away from said stack of cards to effect engagement of said leading edge of successive cards by said transport means and transport of the successive cards from said feeding station past said reading station.

2. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means including means for maintaining the alignment of the successive cards with said means for reading the cards as said cards are transported past said reading station.

3."In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1,'said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means e'ngageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards.

4. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable toeffect'transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards and throughout movement of said cards from said feed station past said reading station to said receiver for maintaining the alignment of the successive cards with said means for reading the cards assaid cards are transported past said reading station. I

5. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on the axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional en gagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards and including additional pressure applying means engageable with successive cards to press the cards into frictional engagement with said feed roll throughout movement of said card from said feed station past said reading station for maintaining the alignment of the successive cards with said means for reading the cards as said cards are trans ported past said reading station.

6. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including spring means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll throughout movement of said cards from said feed station past said reading station to said receiver '7. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said card aligning means including at least one vertically extended guide surface engageable by the side edges of said cards, said transport means including a feed roll revolvably mounted adjacent to said plate, and said means responsive to movement of said plate acting on the leading edge of the lowermost card on said support.

d. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim ll, said card aligning means including at least one vertically extended guide surface engageable by the side edges of said cards, said transport means including a feed roll revolvably mounted adjacent to said plate, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising pressure applying means movable between a position relieving the leading edge of the lowermost card from engagement with said feed roll and a position pressing said leading edge into engagement with said feed roll, said actuator means for said jostling means having means for moving said pressure applying means to the first-mentioned position and-allowing movement of said pressure applying means to the second-mentioned position, said pressure applying means also including means for maintaining pressure against the cards to hold the cards against said feed roll in alignment with said means for reading the cards as the cards pass said reading station. I

9. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said card aligning means including at least one vertically extended guide surface engageable by the side edges of said cards, said transport means including a feed roll revolvably mounted adjacent to said plate, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising pressure applying means movable between a position relieving the leading edge of the lowermost card from engagement with said feed roll and a position pressing said leading edge into engagement with said feed roll, said actuator means for said jostling means having means for moving said pressure applying means to the first-mentioned position and allowing movement of said pressure applying means to the second-mentioned position, said pressure applying means comprising means cooperable with said feed roll to press the cards against said feed roll substantially entirely across the cards.

10. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transportmeans comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operableto effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional enill gagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards said receiver comprising a stacking station including means for receiving the leading edge of successive cards from said transport means while said cards are engaged between said feed roll and said pressure applying means and moving the trailing edge of a preceding card from the path of the leading edge of an oncoming card.

ii. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a single feed roll and adjacent pressure applying means for pressing successive cards against said feed roll, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising a projection on said plate extending towards said feed roll, said feed roll having a reduced diameter portion receiving said projection, said projection being engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to move the latter and said pressure applying means away from said feed roll upon movement of said plate in one direction and said projection allowing the leading edge of the lowermost card to engage said feed roll upon movement of said plate in the other direction.

12. in data card handling apparatus comprising a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, and transport means for engaging and moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver, said receiver comprising a stacking station including revolvable screw means for receiving successive cards from said transport means while engaged thereby and moving the preceding card from the pathof an on-coming card to prevent damage of said cards, said revolvable screw means comprising a pair of rotary shafts spaced apart to permit passage of cards therebetween, and resilient spring screws carried by said shafts, said resilient spring screws being yieldable upon engagement of said cards therewith.

13. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 12, saidresilient spring screws having opposite leads, and means for rotating said shafts in opposite directions. M. In data card handling apparatus having card feed ing means, card reading means, transport means for engaging and positively driving successive cards from said feeding means past said reading means, and a card stacker for receiving cards edge'wise from said transport means, said stacker means including walls defining an inlet for cards, a base wall below said inlet, and rotary screw means engageable by said cards as they successively move while engaged by said transport means from said inlet to said base wall for shifting preceding cards from the path of on-coming cards, said screw means including a resilient, spring wire wound in a loose helix, said spring wires being yieldable upon edge engagement by a card to prevent damage of said card.

15. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 14, an inclined wall between said inlet and said base wall engageable by the leading edge of successive cards for decelerating said cards.

7 16. in data card handling apparatus comprising a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, transport means for moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver in a path determined at said feeding Station, and drive means for said transport means, said feeding station having a card aligning surface engageable by the cards in said stack means for aligning the cards with said means for reading the cards, jostling means for agitating the card in said aligning means, and means for introducing successive cards to said transport means for movement in said path past said reading station, said aligning means including a guide surface disposed at an angle to the vertical, said jostling means including a member movably mounted adjacent to said guide surface for movement towards and away from said cards, and actuator means for moving said member independently of said drive means to agitatesaid cards into edge engagement with said guide surface, means providing an angular wall portion remote from said transport means to engage the cards and feather the stack of cards with the card nearest said transport means having a leading edge extending toward said transport means, and means operable in response to movement of said member to effect engagement of the leading edge of said nearest card with said transport means and transport of said lowermost card from said feeding station past said reading station.

17. In data card handling apparatus comprising: a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, transport means for moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver, said transport means including a friction feed roll and pressure applying means engageable with successive cards to press the cards into engagement with said friction feed roll, drive means for continuously rotating said feed roll, said feeding station having at least one card guide surface extending vertically and engageable by the side edges of the cards in said stack for aligning the cards with said means for reading the cards, jostling means for vertically agitating the cards, said jostling means including a plate for supporting the stack of cards, said plate extending on a plane normal to the guide'surface, means mounting said plate for vertical card agitating movement beneath said cards, means for moving said plate independently of said drive means, means for providing an inclined surface remote from said transport means to feather the stack of cards with the lowermost card having a leading edge nearest said transport means, and means operable in response to each movement of said plate to effect engagement of said leading edge of successive cards between said friction feed roll and said pressure applying means and transport of said lowermost card from said feeding station past said reading station.

18. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 17, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising a projection on said plate extending towards said feed roll, said feed roll having a reduced diameter portion receiving said projection, said projection being engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to move the latter and said pressure applying means away from said feed roll upon movement of said plate in one direction and said projection allowing the leading edge of the lowermost card to engage said feed roll upon movement of said plate in the other direction.

Claims (18)

1. In data card handling apparatus comprising a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, transport means for moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver, and drive means for said transport means, said feeding station having card aligning means engageable by the side edges of the cards in said stack for aligning the cards with said means for reading the cards, and jostling means for agitating the cards, said jostling means including a plate engageable with the stack of cards, said plate extending on a plane normal to said card aligning means, means mounting said plate for card agitating movements, and actuator means for moving said plate towards and away from said stack of cards independently of said drive means, means providing an inclined surface remote from said transport means to feather the stack of cards with the leading edge of the card adjacent to said plate nearest said transport means, and means operable in response to each movement of said plate away from said stack of cards to effect engagement of said leading edge of successive cards by said transport means and transport of the successive cards from said feeding station past said reading station.
2. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means including means for maintaining the alignment of the successive cards with said means for reading the cards as said cards are transported past said reading station.
3. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards.
4. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of saiD cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards and throughout movement of said cards from said feed station past said reading station to said receiver for maintaining the alignment of the successive cards with said means for reading the cards as said cards are transported past said reading station.
5. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on the axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards and including additional pressure applying means engageable with successive cards to press the cards into frictional engagement with said feed roll throughout movement of said card from said feed station past said reading station for maintaining the alignment of the successive cards with said means for reading the cards as said cards are transported past said reading station.
6. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including spring means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll throughout movement of said cards from said feed station past said reading station to said receiver.
7. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said card aligning means including at least one vertically extended guide surface engageable by the side edges of said cards, said transport means including a feed roll revolvably mounted adjacent to said plate, and said means responsive to movement of said plate acting on the leading edge of the lowermost card on said support.
8. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said card aligning means including at least one vertically extended guide surface engageable by the side edges of said cards, said transport means including a feed roll revolvably mounted adjacent to said plate, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising pressure applying means movable between a position relieving the leading edge of the lowermost card from engagement with said feed roll and a position pressing said leading edge into engagement with said feed roll, said actuator means for said jostling means having means for moving said pressure applying means to the first-mentioned position and allowing movement of said pressure applying means to the second-mentioned position, said pressure applying means also including means for maintaining pressure against the cards to hold the cards against said feed roll in alignment with said means for reading the cards as the cards pass said reading station.
9. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said card aligning means including at least one vertically extended guide surface engageable by the side edges of said cards, said transport means including a feed roll revolvably mounted adjacent to said plate, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising pressure applying means movable between a position relieving the leading edge of the lowermost card from engagement with said feed roll and a position pressing said leading edge into engagement with said feed roll, said actuator means for said jostling means having means for moving said pressure applying means to the first-mentioned position and allowing movement of said pressure applying means to the second-mentionEd position, said pressure applying means comprising means cooperable with said feed roll to press the cards against said feed roll substantially entirely across the cards.
10. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a feed roll revolvable on an axis transverse to the direction of movement of said cards, said means operable to effect transport of said card adjacent to said plate including pressure applying means engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to press the same into frictional engagement with said roll upon movement of said plate away from said stack of cards said receiver comprising a stacking station including means for receiving the leading edge of successive cards from said transport means while said cards are engaged between said feed roll and said pressure applying means and moving the trailing edge of a preceding card from the path of the leading edge of an oncoming card.
11. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 1, said transport means comprising a single feed roll and adjacent pressure applying means for pressing successive cards against said feed roll, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising a projection on said plate extending towards said feed roll, said feed roll having a reduced diameter portion receiving said projection, said projection being engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to move the latter and said pressure applying means away from said feed roll upon movement of said plate in one direction and said projection allowing the leading edge of the lowermost card to engage said feed roll upon movement of said plate in the other direction.
12. In data card handling apparatus comprising a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, and transport means for engaging and moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver, said receiver comprising a stacking station including revolvable screw means for receiving successive cards from said transport means while engaged thereby and moving the preceding card from the path of an on-coming card to prevent damage of said cards, said revolvable screw means comprising a pair of rotary shafts spaced apart to permit passage of cards therebetween, and resilient spring screws carried by said shafts, said resilient spring screws being yieldable upon engagement of said cards therewith.
13. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 12, said resilient spring screws having opposite leads, and means for rotating said shafts in opposite directions.
14. In data card handling apparatus having card feeding means, card reading means, transport means for engaging and positively driving successive cards from said feeding means past said reading means, and a card stacker for receiving cards edgewise from said transport means, said stacker means including walls defining an inlet for cards, a base wall below said inlet, and rotary screw means engageable by said cards as they successively move while engaged by said transport means from said inlet to said base wall for shifting preceding cards from the path of on-coming cards, said screw means including a resilient, spring wire wound in a loose helix, said spring wires being yieldable upon edge engagement by a card to prevent damage of said card.
15. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 14, an inclined wall between said inlet and said base wall engageable by the leading edge of successive cards for decelerating said cards.
16. In data card handling apparatus comprising a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, transport means for moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver in a path Determined at said feeding station, and drive means for said transport means, said feeding station having a card aligning surface engageable by the cards in said stack means for aligning the cards with said means for reading the cards, jostling means for agitating the card in said aligning means, and means for introducing successive cards to said transport means for movement in said path past said reading station, said aligning means including a guide surface disposed at an angle to the vertical, said jostling means including a member movably mounted adjacent to said guide surface for movement towards and away from said cards, and actuator means for moving said member independently of said drive means to agitate said cards into edge engagement with said guide surface, means providing an angular wall portion remote from said transport means to engage the cards and feather the stack of cards with the card nearest said transport means having a leading edge extending toward said transport means, and means operable in response to movement of said member to effect engagement of the leading edge of said nearest card with said transport means and transport of said lowermost card from said feeding station past said reading station.
17. In data card handling apparatus comprising: a card feeding station adapted to receive a stack of cards, a reading station having means for reading the cards, a receiver for cards which have been read, transport means for moving cards successively from said feeding station past said reading station to said receiver, said transport means including a friction feed roll and pressure applying means engageable with successive cards to press the cards into engagement with said friction feed roll, drive means for continuously rotating said feed roll, said feeding station having at least one card guide surface extending vertically and engageable by the side edges of the cards in said stack for aligning the cards with said means for reading the cards, jostling means for vertically agitating the cards, said jostling means including a plate for supporting the stack of cards, said plate extending on a plane normal to the guide surface, means mounting said plate for vertical card agitating movement beneath said cards, means for moving said plate independently of said drive means, means for providing an inclined surface remote from said transport means to feather the stack of cards with the lowermost card having a leading edge nearest said transport means, and means operable in response to each movement of said plate to effect engagement of said leading edge of successive cards between said friction feed roll and said pressure applying means and transport of said lowermost card from said feeding station past said reading station.
18. In data card handling apparatus as defined in claim 17, said means operable in response to each movement of said plate comprising a projection on said plate extending towards said feed roll, said feed roll having a reduced diameter portion receiving said projection, said projection being engageable with the leading edge of successive cards to move the latter and said pressure applying means away from said feed roll upon movement of said plate in one direction and said projection allowing the leading edge of the lowermost card to engage said feed roll upon movement of said plate in the other direction.
US3847382A 1971-11-15 1971-11-15 Card handling apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3847382A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3847382A US3847382A (en) 1971-11-15 1971-11-15 Card handling apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BE791354A BE791354A (en) 1971-11-15 Handling device cards
US3847382A US3847382A (en) 1971-11-15 1971-11-15 Card handling apparatus
NL7215330A NL7215330A (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-13
DE19722255595 DE2255595A1 (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-13 Data Card guide arrangement for
ES408577A ES408577A1 (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-14 An apparatus for handling a stack of cards data.
FR7240349A FR2160447A1 (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-14
ES408576A ES408576A1 (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-14 A card processing apparatus.
CA 156515 CA992574A (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-15 Card handling apparatus
JP11395672A JPS4873025A (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-15
GB5285072A GB1410952A (en) 1971-11-15 1972-11-15 Data card handling apparatus
US05522736 US4017068A (en) 1971-11-15 1974-11-11 Card transport apparatus
US05522735 US4015839A (en) 1971-11-15 1974-11-11 Card feeding station

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US05522736 Division US4017068A (en) 1971-11-15 1974-11-11 Card transport apparatus
US05522735 Division US4015839A (en) 1971-11-15 1974-11-11 Card feeding station

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3847382A true US3847382A (en) 1974-11-12

Family

ID=22734530

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3847382A Expired - Lifetime US3847382A (en) 1971-11-15 1971-11-15 Card handling apparatus

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US3847382A (en)
JP (1) JPS4873025A (en)
BE (1) BE791354A (en)
CA (1) CA992574A (en)
DE (1) DE2255595A1 (en)
ES (2) ES408576A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2160447A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1410952A (en)
NL (1) NL7215330A (en)

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US3995851A (en) * 1975-10-02 1976-12-07 Burroughs Corporation Document jogger transport
US4034975A (en) * 1974-05-24 1977-07-12 International Business Machines Corporation Reading machine for punched document cards
US4042235A (en) * 1974-08-21 1977-08-16 Fa. Bowe, Bohler & Weber Kg Maschinenfabrik Method of an apparatus for unstacking a pile of sheets
US4441702A (en) * 1977-12-23 1984-04-10 Agfa-Gevaert Ag Device for collecting and stacking photographic prints
US4828244A (en) * 1980-04-28 1989-05-09 Wm. C. Staley Machinery Corporation Intermittently protruding feeder for paperboard blanks
US4896872A (en) * 1980-04-28 1990-01-30 Wm. C. Staley Machinery Corporation Intermittently protruding feeder for paperboard blanks
US4955596A (en) * 1989-01-18 1990-09-11 Bell & Howell Phillipsburg Company Method and apparatus for feeding and stacking articles
US5544876A (en) * 1994-06-16 1996-08-13 Compaq Computer Corporation Printed paper receiving and stacking apparatus for an image reproduction machine
US20050242487A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 Zih Corp. Feeder device having increased media capacity and multiple media thickness feed capability and associated method
US20050242488A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 Zih Corp. Feeder device having adjustably flexible gate apparatus and associated method
US20070063423A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-03-22 Kirby Alfred D Media bed
US20070205551A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-09-06 Hideki Nukada Separation and extraction device

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US4674737A (en) * 1983-09-14 1987-06-23 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Automatic sheet feeding device
FR2716020B1 (en) * 1994-02-08 1996-05-31 Int Jeux Improved device for analyzing information carriers, especially pools coupons.

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US4034975A (en) * 1974-05-24 1977-07-12 International Business Machines Corporation Reading machine for punched document cards
US4042235A (en) * 1974-08-21 1977-08-16 Fa. Bowe, Bohler & Weber Kg Maschinenfabrik Method of an apparatus for unstacking a pile of sheets
US3995851A (en) * 1975-10-02 1976-12-07 Burroughs Corporation Document jogger transport
US4441702A (en) * 1977-12-23 1984-04-10 Agfa-Gevaert Ag Device for collecting and stacking photographic prints
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US4896872A (en) * 1980-04-28 1990-01-30 Wm. C. Staley Machinery Corporation Intermittently protruding feeder for paperboard blanks
US4955596A (en) * 1989-01-18 1990-09-11 Bell & Howell Phillipsburg Company Method and apparatus for feeding and stacking articles
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US20050242488A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2005-11-03 Zih Corp. Feeder device having adjustably flexible gate apparatus and associated method
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
NL7215330A (en) 1973-05-17 application
CA992574A (en) 1976-07-06 grant
ES408577A1 (en) 1975-11-16 application
CA992574A1 (en) grant
BE791354A1 (en) grant
DE2255595A1 (en) 1973-05-24 application
FR2160447A1 (en) 1973-06-29 application
ES408576A1 (en) 1975-11-01 application
JPS4873025A (en) 1973-10-02 application
GB1410952A (en) 1975-10-22 application
BE791354A (en) 1973-03-01 grant

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