US3836218A - Connecting device for modular constructions - Google Patents

Connecting device for modular constructions Download PDF

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US3836218A
US3836218A US30916472A US3836218A US 3836218 A US3836218 A US 3836218A US 30916472 A US30916472 A US 30916472A US 3836218 A US3836218 A US 3836218A
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locking means
flanges
pair
adjacent
webs
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A Hallal
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A Hallal
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B47/00Cabinets, racks or shelf units, characterised by features related to dismountability or building-up from elements
    • A47B47/0025Horizontal connecting members adapted to receive and retain the edges of several panel elements
    • A47B47/0041Bars
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B12/00Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior
    • F16B12/02Joints between panels and corner posts

Abstract

In a system for modular constructions, it is necessary to have a minimum variety of basic components, to provide ease of erection without the aid of particular tools, to allow maximum flexibility to suit any spatial environment and to offer resistance to weight, pressure or impact. In this invention, there are two basic components comprising a basic cubical unit adapted to receive a basic connector item designed for longitudinal insertion along any of its edges, into mating grooves on the cubical unit, thus providing a system which can be manually assembled in a multitude of relatively strong arrangements in all directions and which is greatly resistant to the effects of weight, pressure or impact.

Description

United States Patent Hallal [76] Inventor: Alfred Jean Hallal, 4000 De Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Apt. 913, Westmont, Quebec, Canada [22] Filed: Nov. 24, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 309,164

[52] US. Cl 312/111, 312/108, 312/257 R [51] Int. Cl. F16b 12/02 [58] Field of Search 312/108, 111, 257; 46/26, 46/29; 211/182 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,281,856 10/1918 Shaw 46/29 3,076,286 2/1963 Czecholinski 3,093,568 6/1963 Cox 3,150,903 9/1964 Chapman et al 3,661,434 5/1972 Alster 312/108 CONNECTING DEVICE FOR MODULAR CONSTRUCTIONS Primary Examiner-Paul R. Gilliam Attorney, Agent, or Firmlan Fincham [5 7] ABSTRACT In a system for modular constructions, it is necessary to have a minimum variety of basic components, to provide ease of erection without the aid of particular tools, to allow maximum flexibility to suit any spatial environment and to offer resistance to weight, pressure or impact. In this invention, there are two basic components comprising a basic cubical unit adapted to receive a basic connector item designed for longitudinal insertion along any of its edges, into mating grooves on the cubical unit, thus providing a system which can be manually assembled in a multitude of relatively strong arrangements in all directions and which is greatly resistant to the effects of weight, pressure or impact.

1 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures sum 1 or 3 mma sun 1 1914 Fig. 1

PAIENTEDsEPI m SHEEI 3 (IF 3 Fig.5

CONNECTING DEVICE FOR MODULAR CONSTRUCTIONS The present invention relates to a connecting device for the erection of modular constructions consisting of a plurality of interchangeable cubical units which can be easily assembled manually.

It is common in modular systems of this nature to either consist of a complexity of components and fasteners, thus requiring tools for assembling, or, in the simpler versions, to lack proper stability and resistance to collapse under weight, pressure or impact.

I have found that these disadvantages can be overcome by my system which consists of a minimum number of basic components, is easy to erect, requires no tools for assembling and cannot be easily disjoined by weight, pressure or impact.

The principle of the invention will be described in connection with the accompanying drawings which show, by way of example, a typical embodiment of the invention.

In these drawings:

FIG. 1 is an elevation of an embodiment comprising three cubical units.

FIG. 2 is a top view of the same embodiment.

FIG. 3 is a view in perspective projection of the basic connector item, and

FIG. 4 is a detail in perspective projection of the connection joining the three cubical units, shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, by means of the basic connector item.

FIG. 5 is a view in perspective showing the connector assembled with one module.

The cubical units 1, 2 or 3 illustrated in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 are joined together at their edges by means of the basic connector item 4 (two shown) illustrated in FIG. 3.

The connections 4 each is in the form of a section so designed as to permit the assembly of up to four cubical units perconnector along the length of their respective edges when the connector is inserted into corresponding longitudinal grooves such as those illustrated at 5 located at a specific distance from the edges of each of the cubical units, within the perimeter of each face, and running along the entire lengths of the units sides as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. The connector item 4 is shorter than the length of the cubical units sides as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. The connector item 4 is shorter than the length of the cubical units sides in order to permit sufficient clearance for the insertion .of other connector items 4 along the perpendicular grooves 5 for the addition of further cubical units 4 in other directions at right angles. The length of the connector item 4 in relation to the sides of the cubical units is illustrated in FIG. 2 and in the detail of the embodiment shown in FIG. 4.

The connection resulting from the longitudinal insertion of the connector item 4 into the corresponding grooves 5 of the cubical units hence becomes extremely resistant to collapse under the effects of weight, pressure or impact.

Basically, the connector item 4 comprises a pair of mutually perpendicular webs 6 and 7 that cross at their centres to form a cross. The free ends of the webs 6 and 7 are each provided with a flange each extending perpendicular to its respective web and projecting as locking elements 8a and 8b to equal distances on each side of its web.

The cubical units 1, 2, 3, etc... as above indicated are provided with grooves 5 which receive the locking elements 8a and 8b of flanges 8 to secure cubical units together. A pair of grooves 5 uniformly spaced one on each side of a corner of a unit (1, 2 and 3) are adapted to receive a pair of cooperating locking elements 8a and 8b formed by a pair of adjacent flanges 8 of a connector 4 (see grooves designated 5a and 5b in FIG. 1 and their cooperation with flanges 8a and 8b One typical joint is shown in perspective in FIG. 4. It will be noted that the connector item 4 is received in grooves 5, as above described, and that the connector item 4 does not traverse grooves 5 which extend perpendicularly to the ones within which it is received. The space between the cubical units 1 and 3 is indicated at 9 while the space between the units 2 and 3 is indicated at 10.

The term cubical unit is intended to include units in various shapes including ones with rectangular cross sections and may be of tubular form or may be in the form of open-ended containers and, as below indicated, may also include storage grids or even self-contained chambers or dwelling units for modular building construction.

It will also be apparent that for many purposes there need not be grooves 5 at each of the comers of the units 1, 2 and 3 only, and this is all that is required to connect these two units, 2 and 3 together so that for the specific application the other grooves 5 may be omitted.

It will, of course, be appreciated that there is practically no limit to the number of units 4 which can be so connected in all directions, thus providing extreme versatility to suit any spatial environment and that, while the system is primarily designed for the erection of modular and interchangeable furniture components, the method can be readily adapted for construction toys, storage grids and prefabricated modular selfcontained dwelling units.

What I claim is:

1. In a system for modular constructions, the combination consisting of l) a plurality of housing units and (2) a plurality of connectors designed for longitudinal insertion along any of its edges, into mating grooves on said housing units wherein:

each said connector comprises an elongated, solid,

' one piece, integral unit consisting of a pair of mutually perpendicular webs, intersecting substantially at their midpoints, there being four mutually perpendicular substantially identical T shaped arms extending from siad point of intersection, each of of said flanges being parallel to a plane containing one pair of said intersecting webs and all of said flange being of substantially equal lengths, sufficiently less than the length of the side of said housing unit to permit the insertion of similar connectors into mating grooves on adjacent faces of said housing unit and at right angles to said first connector, adjacent flanges forming first co-operating locking means therebetween, said first cooperating locking means having a substantially rectangular configuration and having an aperture at a projected corner where a projection of adjacent flanges would intersect, said apertures being diagonally opposed to a pair of intersecting webs, each of said housing units being an integral unit and having at least a pair of adjacent sides, said adjacent sides intersecting to form a right angle, each of said adjacent sides having an inwardly and outwardly facing surface, each outwardly facing surface having a channel therein, each channel being substantially equidistantly spaced from said point of intersection of said sides at a distance substantially equal to the length of said mutually perpendicular webs, each of said channels having a depth substantially equal to the width of said flanges, each of said channels having a width substantially equal to the thickness of said flanges, each pair of channels on said adjacent sides forming a second co-operating locking means, said second cooperating locking means having a substantially rectangular configuration equal to the rectangular said flanges being parallel held in a spaced-apart relationship with respect to a neighboring housing unit by a distance equal to the thickness of the webs of said connecting means, whereby any of said housing units may be removed from the assembly without disturbing adjacent housing units.

Claims (1)

1. In a system for modular constructions, the combination consisting of (1) a plurality of housing units and (2) a plurality of connectors designed for longitudinal insertion along any of its edges, into mating grooves on said housing units wherein: each said connector comprises an elongated, solid, one piece, integral unit consisting of a pair of mutually perpendicular webs, intersecting substantially at their midpoints, there being four mutually perpendicular substantially identical T shaped arms extending from siad point of intersection, each of of said flanges being parallel to a plane containing one pair of said intersecting webs and all of said flange being of substantially equal lengths, sufficiently less than the length of the side of said housing unit to permit the insertion of similar connectors into mating grooves on adjacent faces of said housing unit and at right angles to said first connector, adjacent flanges forming first co-operating locking means therebetween, said first co-operating locking means having a substantially rectangular configuration and having an aperture at a projected corner where a projection of adjacent flanges would intersect, said apertures being diagonally opposed to a pair of intersecting webs, each of said housing units being an integral unit and having at least a pair of adjacent sides, said adjacent sides intersecting to form a right angle, each of said adjacent sides having an inwardly and outwardly facing surface, each outwardly facing surface having a channel therein, each channel being substantiAlly equidistantly spaced from said point of intersection of said sides at a distance substantially equal to the length of said mutually perpendicular webs, each of said channels having a depth substantially equal to the width of said flanges, each of said channels having a width substantially equal to the thickness of said flanges, each pair of channels on said adjacent sides forming a second co-operating locking means, said second cooperating locking means having a substantially rectangular configuration equal to the rectangular configuration of said first locking means, whereby said second locking means on said housing units are adapted to slidably engage in said first locking means, said locking means providing said for said housing unit, each said arms comprising a web and a flange extending across the free end of its web and perpendicular thereto to define said T, each of said flanges being parallel held in a spaced-apart relationship with respect to a neighboring housing unit by a distance equal to the thickness of the webs of said connecting means, whereby any of said housing units may be removed from the assembly without disturbing adjacent housing units.
US30916472 1972-11-24 1972-11-24 Connecting device for modular constructions Expired - Lifetime US3836218A (en)

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Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4067161A (en) * 1973-10-18 1978-01-10 Rensch Eberhard Modular furniture
US4123129A (en) * 1976-11-18 1978-10-31 Tektronix, Inc. Modular electronic instrument cabinets
US4192562A (en) * 1978-08-22 1980-03-11 Bishoff Mark L Interfitting and removable modular, frame, storage units
US4526427A (en) * 1982-04-20 1985-07-02 Rudi Boll Apparatus for fastening instruments in a front panel or switchboard
EP0153429A1 (en) * 1982-06-01 1985-09-04 Mark L. Bishoff Interfitting and removable modular storage units
US5100216A (en) * 1989-09-29 1992-03-31 Lyle Enns Modular furniture
US5421645A (en) * 1993-02-16 1995-06-06 Young; Richard E. Modular compartments for utility vehicle
US5466057A (en) * 1994-03-16 1995-11-14 Blankenburg; Karl Modular storage apparatus
US5477594A (en) * 1993-12-29 1995-12-26 Christian Memorial Cultural Center Niche panel
US5531517A (en) * 1993-07-22 1996-07-02 Alpen; Richard Interlocking front-load bulk storage containers
US5915803A (en) * 1995-04-21 1999-06-29 Metro Industries, Inc. Modular storage and support assembly
EP0960585A2 (en) * 1998-05-28 1999-12-01 Jugendstätte Bellevue Set for the construction of tridimensional structures
US6079803A (en) * 1998-02-02 2000-06-27 Westerlund Products Corporation Closet organization system and method for installing same
US6142321A (en) * 1998-02-02 2000-11-07 Westerlund Products Corporation Adjustable shelving apparatus
US6250843B1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2001-06-26 Metro Industries, Inc. Trim assembly for use with a flanged support post
US6550216B1 (en) 2000-04-21 2003-04-22 Harout Ohanesian Storage shed
US20030173875A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2003-09-18 Darren Saravis Snap together modular storage
US20030205005A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2003-11-06 Haggai Paz Construction kit
US20040055980A1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2004-03-25 Krieger Douglas P. Closet storage system
US20040140739A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-07-22 Darren Saravis Panel cover attachments to snap together connectors
US20040145283A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-07-29 Darren Saravis Assembly method and device for snap together modular elements
US20040155562A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-08-12 Darren Saravis Snap together modular elements with straight connector
US20040178704A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-09-16 Darren Saravis Snap and slide together connectors
US20050006991A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2005-01-13 Darren Saravis Snap together modular elements
US20050104483A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2005-05-19 Darren Saravis Snap together connectable elements
US20050144859A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2005-07-07 Keter Plastic Ltd. Construction kit
US20070223319A1 (en) * 2006-03-21 2007-09-27 Wolf Designs, Inc. Interlockable watchwinder
US20080074013A1 (en) * 2006-09-06 2008-03-27 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system and components thereof
WO2009065391A2 (en) * 2007-11-22 2009-05-28 Malte Ahlert Shelf elements, and shelf comprising the same
US20100084356A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Chi Yu Steel Co., Ltd. Modular shelving system
USD622959S1 (en) 2009-03-17 2010-09-07 Target Brands, Inc. Storage unit
US20100237754A1 (en) * 2009-03-17 2010-09-23 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system with stackable shells
US20110173899A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-07-21 Lane Lythgoe Pre-cast polygonal shelter
US20110241505A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Varoujan Tashjian Modifiable modular furniture system with channel connector.
USD648939S1 (en) 2010-02-24 2011-11-22 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
US20120055924A1 (en) * 2010-09-08 2012-03-08 Abb Ag Electrical switchgear cabinet
USD661094S1 (en) 2011-11-22 2012-06-05 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
US20130036581A1 (en) * 2011-08-08 2013-02-14 Yvon Renaud Furniture assembly modules
US20130106268A1 (en) * 2011-10-26 2013-05-02 Ming-Hwa Hsu Structure of knockdown cabinet
US20150093184A1 (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-02 Drew P. HENRY Hollow connector sleeve with interlocking components
US20150308141A1 (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-10-29 Mausoleum, S.A. De C.V. Modular system for niches or crypts for depositing ashes and/or dry remains
US9380885B1 (en) * 2014-12-12 2016-07-05 Nguyen Nguyen Modular seat and shelving system
US20170035197A1 (en) * 2015-08-07 2017-02-09 Comsero, Inc. Modular furniture and structures
US10123615B2 (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-11-13 Jetmax Ltd. Modular storage unit

Citations (5)

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US1281856A (en) * 1916-01-24 1918-10-15 Slade & Miller Company Toy blocks.
US3076286A (en) * 1955-07-15 1963-02-05 Stephen J Czecholinski Building blocks
US3093568A (en) * 1959-09-25 1963-06-11 Gen Electric Co Ltd Moderator core structures for nuclear reactors
US3150903A (en) * 1962-10-22 1964-09-29 Vega Ind Inc Frame structure for cabinets and the like
US3661434A (en) * 1970-05-28 1972-05-09 Ralph Alster Unitary modular shelving structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1281856A (en) * 1916-01-24 1918-10-15 Slade & Miller Company Toy blocks.
US3076286A (en) * 1955-07-15 1963-02-05 Stephen J Czecholinski Building blocks
US3093568A (en) * 1959-09-25 1963-06-11 Gen Electric Co Ltd Moderator core structures for nuclear reactors
US3150903A (en) * 1962-10-22 1964-09-29 Vega Ind Inc Frame structure for cabinets and the like
US3661434A (en) * 1970-05-28 1972-05-09 Ralph Alster Unitary modular shelving structure

Cited By (71)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4067161A (en) * 1973-10-18 1978-01-10 Rensch Eberhard Modular furniture
US4123129A (en) * 1976-11-18 1978-10-31 Tektronix, Inc. Modular electronic instrument cabinets
US4192562A (en) * 1978-08-22 1980-03-11 Bishoff Mark L Interfitting and removable modular, frame, storage units
US4526427A (en) * 1982-04-20 1985-07-02 Rudi Boll Apparatus for fastening instruments in a front panel or switchboard
EP0153429A1 (en) * 1982-06-01 1985-09-04 Mark L. Bishoff Interfitting and removable modular storage units
US5100216A (en) * 1989-09-29 1992-03-31 Lyle Enns Modular furniture
US5421645A (en) * 1993-02-16 1995-06-06 Young; Richard E. Modular compartments for utility vehicle
US5531517A (en) * 1993-07-22 1996-07-02 Alpen; Richard Interlocking front-load bulk storage containers
US5477594A (en) * 1993-12-29 1995-12-26 Christian Memorial Cultural Center Niche panel
US5466057A (en) * 1994-03-16 1995-11-14 Blankenburg; Karl Modular storage apparatus
US5915803A (en) * 1995-04-21 1999-06-29 Metro Industries, Inc. Modular storage and support assembly
US6079803A (en) * 1998-02-02 2000-06-27 Westerlund Products Corporation Closet organization system and method for installing same
US6142321A (en) * 1998-02-02 2000-11-07 Westerlund Products Corporation Adjustable shelving apparatus
EP0960585A2 (en) * 1998-05-28 1999-12-01 Jugendstätte Bellevue Set for the construction of tridimensional structures
EP0960585A3 (en) * 1998-05-28 2001-04-04 Jugendstätte Bellevue Set for the construction of tridimensional structures
US6250843B1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2001-06-26 Metro Industries, Inc. Trim assembly for use with a flanged support post
US6550216B1 (en) 2000-04-21 2003-04-22 Harout Ohanesian Storage shed
US20050006991A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2005-01-13 Darren Saravis Snap together modular elements
US20030173875A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2003-09-18 Darren Saravis Snap together modular storage
US7048346B2 (en) 2001-01-13 2006-05-23 Cube Concepts Llc Snap together modular storage
US20040140739A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-07-22 Darren Saravis Panel cover attachments to snap together connectors
US20040145283A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-07-29 Darren Saravis Assembly method and device for snap together modular elements
US20040155562A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-08-12 Darren Saravis Snap together modular elements with straight connector
US20040178704A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2004-09-16 Darren Saravis Snap and slide together connectors
US7472969B2 (en) 2001-01-13 2009-01-06 Cube Concepts, Llc Panel cover attachments to snap together connectors
US20050104483A1 (en) * 2001-01-13 2005-05-19 Darren Saravis Snap together connectable elements
US6843025B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2005-01-18 Keter Plastic Ltd. Construction kit
US20050144859A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2005-07-07 Keter Plastic Ltd. Construction kit
US20030205005A1 (en) * 2001-10-25 2003-11-06 Haggai Paz Construction kit
US6988628B2 (en) 2002-09-25 2006-01-24 Sauder Woodworking Company Closet storage system
US20040055980A1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2004-03-25 Krieger Douglas P. Closet storage system
US20070223319A1 (en) * 2006-03-21 2007-09-27 Wolf Designs, Inc. Interlockable watchwinder
US7410289B2 (en) 2006-03-21 2008-08-12 Wolf Designs, Inc. Interlockable watchwinder
US20110074255A1 (en) * 2006-09-06 2011-03-31 Target Brands, Inc. Storage bin and associated system
US8418874B2 (en) 2006-09-06 2013-04-16 Target Brands, Inc. Storage bin and associated system
US20080074013A1 (en) * 2006-09-06 2008-03-27 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system and components thereof
US8708433B2 (en) 2006-09-06 2014-04-29 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system and components thereof
US7866769B2 (en) 2006-09-06 2011-01-11 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system and components thereof
WO2009065391A2 (en) * 2007-11-22 2009-05-28 Malte Ahlert Shelf elements, and shelf comprising the same
US20110084042A1 (en) * 2007-11-22 2011-04-14 Malte Ahlert Shelf elements, and shelf comprising the same
WO2009065391A3 (en) * 2007-11-22 2009-12-10 Malte Ahlert Shelf elements, and shelf comprising the same
US20100084356A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Chi Yu Steel Co., Ltd. Modular shelving system
US7918515B2 (en) * 2008-10-06 2011-04-05 Chi Yu Steel Co., Ltd. Modular shelving system
US8186776B2 (en) 2009-03-17 2012-05-29 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system and connectivity of the components therein
US20100237754A1 (en) * 2009-03-17 2010-09-23 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system with stackable shells
US8573716B2 (en) 2009-03-17 2013-11-05 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system and connectivity of the components therein
US8113600B2 (en) * 2009-03-17 2012-02-14 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system with stackable shells
US8414092B2 (en) 2009-03-17 2013-04-09 Target Brands, Inc. Storage and organization system with stackable shells
USD663118S1 (en) 2009-03-17 2012-07-10 Target Brands, Inc. Storage unit
USD622959S1 (en) 2009-03-17 2010-09-07 Target Brands, Inc. Storage unit
US8683759B2 (en) * 2010-01-20 2014-04-01 Lane Lythgoe Pre-cast polygonal shelter
US20110173899A1 (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-07-21 Lane Lythgoe Pre-cast polygonal shelter
USD648939S1 (en) 2010-02-24 2011-11-22 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
USD661095S1 (en) 2010-02-24 2012-06-05 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
USD655087S1 (en) 2010-02-24 2012-03-06 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
US20110241505A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Varoujan Tashjian Modifiable modular furniture system with channel connector.
US20120055924A1 (en) * 2010-09-08 2012-03-08 Abb Ag Electrical switchgear cabinet
US8926030B2 (en) * 2010-09-08 2015-01-06 Abb Ag Electrical switchgear cabinet
US20130036581A1 (en) * 2011-08-08 2013-02-14 Yvon Renaud Furniture assembly modules
US9038261B2 (en) * 2011-08-08 2015-05-26 Yvon Renaud Furniture assembly modules
US20130106268A1 (en) * 2011-10-26 2013-05-02 Ming-Hwa Hsu Structure of knockdown cabinet
USD666418S1 (en) 2011-11-22 2012-09-04 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
USD661094S1 (en) 2011-11-22 2012-06-05 Target Brands, Inc. Bin
US10501929B2 (en) * 2013-09-30 2019-12-10 Drew P. HENRY Hollow connector sleeve with interlocking components
US20150093184A1 (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-02 Drew P. HENRY Hollow connector sleeve with interlocking components
US9414985B2 (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-08-16 Mausoleum, S.A. De C.V. Modular system for niches or crypts for depositing ashes and/or dry remains
US20150308141A1 (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-10-29 Mausoleum, S.A. De C.V. Modular system for niches or crypts for depositing ashes and/or dry remains
US9380885B1 (en) * 2014-12-12 2016-07-05 Nguyen Nguyen Modular seat and shelving system
US20170035197A1 (en) * 2015-08-07 2017-02-09 Comsero, Inc. Modular furniture and structures
US9930959B2 (en) * 2015-08-07 2018-04-03 Comsero, Inc. Modular furniture and structures
US10123615B2 (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-11-13 Jetmax Ltd. Modular storage unit

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