US3829809A - Thermal limiter construction and electrical switch and system utilizing the same - Google Patents

Thermal limiter construction and electrical switch and system utilizing the same Download PDF

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US3829809A
US3829809A US34474573A US3829809A US 3829809 A US3829809 A US 3829809A US 34474573 A US34474573 A US 34474573A US 3829809 A US3829809 A US 3829809A
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means
sleeve
device
set forth
switch
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E Plasko
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MICRO DEVICES CORP
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MICRO DEVICES CORP
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B6/00Heating by electric, magnetic, or electromagnetic fields
    • H05B6/64Heating using microwaves
    • H05B6/6414Aspects relating to the door of the microwave heating apparatus
    • H05B6/6417Door interlocks of the microwave heating apparatus and related circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H37/00Thermally-actuated switches
    • H01H37/74Switches in which only the opening movement or only the closing movement of a contact is effected by heating or cooling
    • H01H37/76Contact member actuated by melting of fusible material, actuated due to burning of combustible material or due to explosion of explosive material

Abstract

A thermal limiter construction having a thermally responsive device provided with a body portion and a pair of leads extending from the body portion for interconnecting the device in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby, the device opening the electrical connection between the leads thereof when the device is sensing a certain temperature condition. A sleeve is telescoped over the body portion of the device with the sleeve having an inner insulative peripheral surface disposed adjacent the device and an outer electrical heater thereon which when energized will provide the certain temperature condition to be sensed by the device to open the electrical connection between the leads. Such thermal limiter construction can be utilized with a switch housing so that the electrical heater will only be operated when the switch thereof is in a closed position, such switch forming part of an electrical interlock control system for the oven door of a microwave oven or the like.

Description

United States Patent [191 Plasko Aug. 13, 1974 THERMAL LIMITER CONSTRUCTION AND ELECTRICAL SWITCH AND SYSTEM UTILIZING THE SAME [75] Inventor: Emil Robert Plasko, Dayton, Ohio [73] Assignee: Micro Devices C0rp., Dayton, Ohio [22] Filed: Mar. 26, 1973 [21] Appl. N0.: 344,745

[52] US. Cl 337/107, 337/100, 337/102, 337/163, 337/407, 337/409 [51] Int. Cl. H01h 61/02, H01h 63/13 [58] Field of Search 337/100, 102, 103, 104, 337/163, 403, 407, 409, 107

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,180,958 4/1965 Merrill 337/409 3,424,372 10/1969 Davenport et al. 337/100 X 3,489,976 l/l970 Marcoux .1 337/102 3,519,972 7/1970 Merrill 337/407 3,521,138 7/1970 Encmark et a1. 337/102 X 3,696,611 10/1972 Noakes et al. 337/107 X Primary E.\aminer.l. D. Miller Assistant Examiner-Fred E. Bell Attorney, Agent, or FirmCandor, Candor & Tassone 5 7 ABSTRACT A thermal limiter construction having a thermally responsive device provided with a body portion and a pair of leads extending from the body portion for interconnecting the device in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby, the device opening the electrical connection between the leads thereof when the device is sensing a certain temperature condition. A sleeve is telescoped over the body portion of the device with the sleeve having an inner insulative peripheral surface disposed adjacent the device and an outer electrical heater thereon which when energized will provide the certain temperature condition to be sensed by the device to open the electrical connection between the leads. Such thermal limiter construction can be utilized with a switch housing so that the electrical heater will only be operated when the switch thereof is in a closed position, such switch forming part of an electrical interlock control system for the oven door of a microwave oven or the like.

20 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures mtmmmmmu b 3329309 sum ear 2 FIG.9

THERMAL LIMIT'E R CONSTRUCTION AND ELECTRICAL :SWITCH AND SYSTEM UTILIZING SAME This invention relates to an improved thermal limiter construction as well as to a switch construction in combination therewith and an electrical control system utilizing such a thermal limiter construction or the like.

It is well known from the United States patent to Plasko, No. 3,649,942, that a thermal limiter construction can be provided for an electrical circuitby providing a thermally responsive device to be interconnected into the electrical circuit and which will open such electrical circuit when the thermally responsive device senses a certain temperature condition. An electrical heater means can be provided and can be selectively positioned adjacent such thermally responsive device so that when the electrical heater means is energized, the same will create the certain temperature condition that will cause the thermally responsive device to open the electrical circuit.

Such thermally responsive device can comprise the thermally responsive fuse device disclosed in the US.

' patents to Merrill, No. 3,180,958 and No. 3,519,972,

proved thermal limiter construction of the above type. 3

Another feature of this invention is to provide a thermal limiter construction with an electrical switch means that will operate the electrical heater means of the thermal limiter construction when the electrical switch means is in a certain operative condition thereof.

Another feature of this invention is to provide an electrical interlock control system for the door of a vmicrowave over or the like wherein a thermal limiter construction is utilized in such electrical control system, such thermal limiter construction comprising the thermal limiter construction of this invention or other thermal limiter construction as desired.

ln particular, one embodiment of the thermal limiter construction of this invention comprises a thermally responsive device having a body portion and a pair of leads projecting from the body portion and being utilized for interconnecting the device in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby, the thermally responsive device having means for opening the electrical connection between the leads thereof when the device is sensing a certain temperature condition. A sleeve is telescoped over the body portion of :the device, the sleeve comprising an inner insulative peripheral surface adjacent the device and an electrical heater means which when energized will provide the certain temperature condition to be sensed by the device to open the electrical connection between the leads and thus open the electrical circuit. The sleeve has opposed open ends and is continuous between the ends thereof, the leads of the thermally responsive device projecting out of such open ends. The electrical heater means can commeans in series whereby the heater means is only adapted to be energized when the switch meansis in a closed condition thereof. The, switch housing has a plurality of spring clips which detachably interconnect the thermal limiter construction thereto, two of such spring clips respectively being interconnected to the leads of the thermal limiter construction while another pair of such spring clips are disposed against the conductive coating on the sleeve in spaced relation to provide electrical connections thereto.

Such an electrical switch and its thermal limiter construction can be utilized in an electrical control system of this invention for providing an electrical interlock for the door of a microwave oven that hasa pair of power source lead means leading from a power source to the energy generating means for the oven. An oven door operated electrical switch is provided for thissystem'which is disposed in one of the power source lead means, sucn switch being normally closed only when the door is in aclosed position thereof and being normally open only when the door is in an open position thereof. A thermally responsive device is disposed in one of the power source lead means for opening its respective power source lead means when the device is sensing a certain temperature condition. Means are provided for creating the certain temperature condition when the switch abnormally remains closed and the oven door is opened to terminate the operation of the energy generating means.

When the thermally responsive device of the above electrical control system comprises the thermal limiter construction of this invention in combination with the electrical switch construction of this invention, the electrical circuit of the heater means and .the electrical switch therefor is disposed across the power source leads and the switch is arranged to be only closed when the oven door is in an open .position thereof and to .be only opened when the oven door is ina closed position thereof.

:In this manner, should the first-mentioned electrical switch abnormally remain in .a closed position thereof and the oven door is moved to an open position thereof, so that electrical current would continue to be supplied to the energy generating means of the microwave oven, such opening of the door closes the switch for the heater means of the thermal limiter construction and places the same across the :power source leads whereby the heater means create the aforementioned certain temperature condition that causes the thermally responsive device to open and thereby terminate the flow of current to the energy generating means.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved thermal limiter construction having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter known or described.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved electrical switch and thermal limiter construction arrangement having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.

Another object of this invention is'to provide an improved electrical control system for a microwave oven or the like, the control system of this invention having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.

Other objects, uses and advantages of this invention are apparent from a reading of this description which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an improved thermal limiter construction of this invention.

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the parts of the thermal limiter construction of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross-sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a side view of the improved electrical switch and thermal limiter construction arrangement of this invention.

FIG. 5 is a top view of the switch arrangement illustrated in FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is an end view of the switch arrangement illustrated in FIG. 4.

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 7-7 of FIG. 5 and illustrating the electrical switch in a closed condition thereof.

FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 7 and illustrates the switch construction in an open position thereof.

FIG. 9 is a schematic view illustrating the electrical control system of this invention.

While the various features of this invention are hereinafter described and illustrated as providing a thermal limiter construction adapted to be utilized with a particular electrical switch construction of this invention for use in an electrical control system of this invention for a microwave oven, it is to be understood that the thermal limiter construction by itself, as well as in combination with the electrical switch construction of this invention, can be utilized for other purposes, as desired.

Therefore, this invention is not to be limited to only the embodiment illustrated in the drawings, because the drawings are merely utilized to illustrate one of the wide variety of uses of this invention.

Referring now to FIGS. 1-3, the improved thermal limiter construction of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral and comprises a thermally responsive device that is generally indicated by the reference numeral 21 and, in this particular embodiment of this invention, comprises one of the thermally responsive fuses of the type set forth in the aforementioned U.S. patents to Merrill. Such thermally responsive device 21 comprises a generally cylindrical body portion 22 having leads 23 and 24 extending from opposed ends 25 and 26 of the body portion 22 with the device 21 having means therein for normally completing an electrical circuit between the lead means 23 and 24 until the device 22 senses a certain temperature condition. When the device 21 senses such temperature condition, a fuseable pellet within the body portion 22 collapses and causes an electrical switching operation within the body portion 22 that opens the electrical circuit between the leads 23 and 24. Thus, when the device 21 is utilized in an electrical circuit, such opening of the switch means in the device 21 terminates the flow of current in the electrical circuit being protected thereby and since the device 21 cannot be reset, such device 21, when blown, must be replaced before the electrical circuit can again be utilized.

A pair of metallic cup-shaped ferrules 27 are provided and each has a closed end 28 and a substantially cylindrical side wall means 29 defining an openend 30 remote from the closed end 28 thereof. The closed end 28 has a centrally located and outwardly projecting tubular portion 31 that has an opening passing therethrough and also passing through the end wall 28 so that the end of the respective lead 23 or 24 be inserted through the open end 30 of the particular ferrule'27 and be received in the tubular extension 31 whereby the cylindrical side wall 29 of the ferrule 27 will be fully centered on the particular lead 23 or 24. Thereafter, the assembled ferrule 27 can be secured to its respective lead 23 or 24 by solder, staking or the like.

However, before at least one of the ferrules 27 is secured to the lead 23 or 24 of the thermally responsive device 21, a sleeve 32 of this invention is telescoped over the body portion 22 of the thermally responsive device 21 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 1 whereby the leads 23 and 24 project out of opposed open ends 33 and 34 of the sleeve 32 and can then have the ferrules 27 subsequently secured thereon in the manner previously described.

In the particular embodiment of the thermal limiter construction 20 of this invention, the diameter of each ferrule 27 is substantially the same as the diameter of the sleeve 32 whereby once the ferrules 27 are secured in place on the leads 23 and 24, the sleeve 32 cannot be removed from its telescoped relation over the thermally responsive device 21 whereby such sleeve 32 need not be fastened to the device 21. However, if desired, the sleeve 32 can be centered in the proper position as illustrated in FIG. 1 for the purpose hereinafter described and can be secured in such telescoped relation by any suitable adhesive disposed between the sleeve 32 and the body portion 22 of the device 21, as desired.

The sleeve 32 comprises a glass tube 35 as illustrated in FIG. 3 and is preferably formed of a glass material having a relatively low coefficient of thermal expansion. Since the glass tube 35 is electrically insulative, it can be seen that the internal peripheral surface 36 of the sleeve 32 is disposed adjacent the outer cylindrical surface 37 of the body portion 22 of the device 21 and since the body portion 22 has the outer peripheral surface 37 thereof formed of conductive material, the glass tube 35 provides electrical insulation about the same.

The outer peripheral surface 38 of the glass tube 35 has a conductive coating 39 disposed thereon with the conductive coating 39 providing an electrical heater means for the device 21 as will be apparent hereinafter. While the conductive coating 39 can be formed of any suitable material which will cause the same to act as a heater means when an electrical current is passed therethrough in the manner hereinafter described, such coating 39 can comprise a tin oxide coating.

In order to enhance the electrical connection to the conductive coating 39, bands 40 of silver paint can be provided at the opposed ends 33 and 34 of the sleeve 32 on top of the coating 39 in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 so that when electrical connection is made respectively to the bands 40, electrical current is adapted to flow from one band 40 through the coating 39 to the other band 40 and such flow of current through the coating 39 causes the coating 39 to heat up and provide the certain temperature condition that the thermally responsive device 21 must sense before the device 21 will open and terminate the electrical connection between the leads 23 and 24 thereof.

For example, it has been found that when the thermal limiter construction 20 has been formed in the above manner and is utilized in the electrical control system of this invention for providing the elctrical interlock means for the oven door of a microwave oven in the manner illustrated in FIG. 9, only about four seconds are required for a flow of current through the coating 39 of the sleeve 32 to cause the device 21 to blow and thereby open the circuit between the leads 23 and 24 because of the thermal delay provided by the glass sleeve 35 and the thermal delay provided by the pellet within the body portion 22 of the thermally responsive device 21.

This time delay in the opening of the device 21 is particularly desirable to prevent a false opening of the electrical circuit as will be apparent hereinafter.

The thermal limiter construction 20 previously described is adapted to be utilized in combination with an electrical switch housing of this invention that is generally indicated by the reference numeral 41 in FIGS. 4-8 to form an electrical switch arrangement of this invention that is generally indicated by the reference numeral 42.

The housing 41 is formed from a cup-shaped body member 43 having an open end 44 adapted to be closed by an end closure 45 as illustrated in FIG. 7 to define a chamber 46 therein. An electrical switchable 47 is disposed in the chamber 46 and is reversely bent t define a pair of spring legs 48 and 49 respectively having contact ends 50 and 51 adapted to be spring pressed by the natural resilience of the springblade 47 into electrical contact with fixed contact means 52 and 53 whereby the blade 47 and fixed contact means 52 and 53 define an electrical switch 41' within the housing means 41.

The fixed contact means 52 comprises a rivet-like member 83 electrically interconnected to a substantially U-shaped conductive spring clip 54 having a pair of opposed and suitably shaped spring-clip arms 55 and 56 as illustrated in FIG. for clamping against opposed sides of one end of the conductive band 40 of the sleeve 32 of the thermal limiter construction when the same is assembled to the housing 41 by having the opposed ferrules 27 thereof respectively received in end conductive spring clips 57 and 58 and the other conductive band 40 of the sleeve 32 received in a fourth conductive spring clip 59 as illustrated.

Thus, it can be seen that the thermal limiter construction 20 of this invention is adapted to be snapped into the spring clips 54, 57, 58 and 59 of the housing 41 and since the spring clips 54, 57, 58 and 59 are formed of conductive material, the ferrules 27 for the leads 23 and '24 are respectively electrically interconnected to the spring clips 57 and 58 while the conductive bands 40 of the sleeve 32 for the heater means 39 are respectively electrically interconnected to the spring clips 54 and 59. Since the spring clip 54 is electrically interconnected to the rivet means 83 and, thus, to the fixed contact 52 inside the switch housing 41, the spring clip 54 is electrically interconnected to the switchblade 47 and if the switchblade 47 has its contact end 51 in contact with the fixed contact 53, the left-hand conductive band 40 of the heater means 39 has one end thereof electrically interconnected to the fixed contact 53. Thus, the electrical switch 41' and heater means 39 are disposed in series for a purpose hereinafter described.

The fixed contact 53 of the switch 41' comprises part of a terminal 60 that projects outwardly from the housing 41 in the manner illustrated in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6.

The spring clips 57 and 58 are also interconnected respectively to outwardly directed terminals 61 and 62 of the housing 41 with the terminal 62 also being electrically interconnected to the spring clip 59 as illustrated in FIG. 7.

A switch actuator, such as an axially movable plunger 63, projects out through an opening 64 in the cover member 45 of the switch arrangement 42 and is prevented from extending beyond the position illustrated in FIG. 7 by a large disc-like part 65 abutting against the inside surface 66 of the cover 45 Outboard of the opening 64. A reduced projection 67 on the plunger 63 extends beyond the disc 65 and passes through a suitable opening 68 formed in the leg 49 of the switchblade 47 as illustrated.

When the plunger 63 is moved inwardly from the position illustrated in FIG. 7 to the position illustrated in FIG. 8, it can be seen that the disc-like portion 65 of the plunger 63 engages against the leg 49 of the switchblade 47 and moves the same upwardly to thereby move the end 51 of the leg 49 out of electrical contact with the fixed contact 53 and thereby open the electrical circuit leading to the left side of the heating means 39 for the thermally responsive device 21. In order to prevent overtravel of the plunger 63 from adversely affecting the switchblade 47, the end 69 of the extension 67 for the plunger 63 is adapted to abut against the end 50 of the leg 48 of the switchblade 47 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 8 to limit the amount of inward movement of the plunger 63.

When the plunger 63 is released from the position illustrated in FIG. 8, the natural resilience of the springblade 47 returns the springblade 47 and plugner 63 to THe condition illustrated in FIG. 7 whereby the end 51 of the leg 49 of the blade 47 is again placed inelectrical contact with the fixed contact means 53 whereby the switch 41 is again in its closed condition.

As previously stated, the switch arrangement 42 can be utilized for any desired purpose. However, one feature of this invention is to provide an improved electrical interlock control system for a microwave oven or the like and the electrical switch arrangement 42 is particularly adapted to be utilized in such electrical control system of this invention which will now be described.

As illustrated in FIG. 9, the electrical control system of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral 70 and is utilized for controlling an energy producing or generating means 71 for a microwave oven 72 that has a conventional door 73 for opening and closing the cooking chamber of the same.

The electrical control system 70 comprises a pair of power source lead means 74 and 75 adapted to be respectively plugged into an electrical power source 76 by a conventional plug 77 in a mannner well known in the art so that electrical current is adapted to be supplied by the power source leads 74 and 75 to the energy generating means 71 for the oven 72 in a manner well known in the art.

An electrical switch 78 is disposed in the power source lead means 74 and is suitably interconnected by tying means 79 to the oven door 73, such as by having a plunger or the like thereof controlled by the door 77 whereby the switch 78 is normally disposed in its closed position only when the oven door 73 is in its closed position and the switch 78 is normally disposed in its open position only when the oven door 73 is moved to an open position thereof. Thus, if the switch 78 is operating normally, electrical current can only be supplied to the energy generating means 71 if the oven door 73 is in its closed position as the switch 78 will open upon opening of the door 73.

However, it has been found that there are adverse times where the switch 78 abnormally remains closed when the oven door 73 is subsequently opened following a cooking operation, such as by having the contacts of the switch fried and thereby welded together, so that when a person opens the oven door 73, the switch 78 abnormally remains closed and thereby permits the energy generating means 71 to continue to operate. Thus, harmful microwaves can pass out of the opened oven door.

Therefore, in order to prevent such an adverse situation, the electrical control system 70 of this invention is provided with the switching arrangement 42 of this invention, the switching arrangement being schematically illustrated in FIG. 9 whereby it can be seen that the thermally responsive device 21 is disposed in the power source lead 74 by having the terminals 61 and 62 of the housing 41 respectively electrically interconnected in the power source lead 74 intermediate the first mentioned switch 78 and the energy generating means 71. The terminal 60 for the electrical switch 41 of the heater means 39 is electrically interconnected to a branch lead 80 that is electrically interconnected to the other power source lead 75 whereby an electrical circuit can be provided between the power source leads 75 and 74 through the branch lead means 80, electrical switch 41 and heater means 39 should the switch means 41' be in its closed position.

However, the plunger 63 of the switch means 41 is so constructed and arranged that the same is adapted to be moved to its switch opening position as illustrated in FIG. 8 only when the oven door 73 is in its closed position and is permitted to move to its closed position as illustrated in FIG. 7 only when the oven door 73 is moved to its open position.

The operation of the electrical control system 70 utilizing the electrical switch arrangement 42 of this invention will now be described.

With the door 73 of the microwave oven 72 in the open position as illustrated in FIG. 9, the energy generating means 71 for the oven 72 cannot be supplied electrical current from the power source 76 because the switch 78 in the lead 74-is normally in the open condition as illustrated in FIG. 9 even though the opening of the door 73 has caused the plunger 63 of the switch arrangement 42 of this invention to assume the position illustrated in FIG. 7 where the heater means 39 is placed across the power source leads 74 and 75. However, since the switch 78 is open in the power line 74 upstream from the heater means 39, no current flows through the heater means 39.

When the housewife or the like places an item in the oven 72 to be cooked and subsequently closes the door 73, the energy generating means 71 can now be energized because the closing of the door73 closes the switch 78 and opens the switch means 41' by acting against the plunger 63 and moving the same from the position illustrated in FIG. 7 to the position illustrated in FIG. 8 so that no current can flow through the heater means 39 as the current is flowing through the power lines 74 and to the energy generating means 71 to operate the same in a conventional manner. It can be seen that the current in the power line 74 flows through the thermally responsive device 21 as the same does not open until it senses the previously described certain temperature condition that can only be produced by the heater means 39 being energized.

However, if during the cooking of the food in the oven 72 by the energy generating means 71 an abnormality should occur and the switch 78 remain in its closed position even though the oven door 73 is subsequently opened so that the energy generating means 71 would continue to operate, the opening of the door 73 causes the closing of the switch 41' so that the heating means 39 is now placed across the power source leads 74 and 75 in parallel with the energy generating means 71 and since current is now flowing through the power lines 74 and 75, as the malfunctioning switch 78 is in its closed position, current flows through the heating means 39 and causes the thermally responsive device 21 to open and thereby terminate the flow of current to the energy generating means 71.

If the thermally responsive device 21 when opened in the manner previously described is of the type that must be completely replaced before the line 74 can be again utilized, it can be seen that the microwave oven 72 cannot be operated again until a new device 21 is utilized and such device 21 will again blow if the switch 78 isnt first repaired so that the same will normally open upon the opening of the oven door 73.

Once the device 21 has opened the power source line 74 in the manner previously described, current flow through the heating means 39 is terminated because the heating means 39 is interconnected to the power source line 74 intermediate the thermally responsive device 21 and the energy generating means 71.

It is desired that the switch means 78 and 41' be so constructed and arranged and be operated by the oven door 73 in such a manner that the switch means 78 will open before the switch means 41' closes upon the opening of the oven door 73 and that the switch means 41 will open before the switch means 78 closes upon the closing of the oven door 73. Such a sequence of switch opening and closing would insure that the thermally responsive device 21 would not be inadvertently blown.

However, because there is a small time delay in the opening of the thermally responsive device 21 upon the initial energizing of the heater means 39, such sequence in the opening and closing of the switches 78 and 41' need not be held within a close tolerance relationship. I

Therefore, it can be seen that this invention not only provides an improved thermal limiter construction and an electrical switch arrangement therewith, but also this invention provides an improved electrical interlock system for a microwave oven door or the like.

While the forms of the invention now preferred have been illustrated and described as required by the patent statute, it is to be understood that other forms can be utilized and still come within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A thermal limiter construction comprising a thermally responsive device having a body portion and a pair of lead means for interconnecting said device in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby, said device having means for opening the electrical connection between said lead means when said device is sensing a certain temperature condition, and a sleeve telescoped over said body portion of said device, said sleeve comprising an inner insulative peripheral surface adjacent said device and an electrical heater means which when energized will provide said certain temperature condi tion to be sensed by said device to open the electrical connection between said lead means and thus open said circuit, said sleeve having opposed open ends and being continuous between said ends.

2. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said heater means comprises a conductive coating on said sleeve.

3. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 2 wherein said conductive coating covers said sleeve between said ends thereof to provide the outer peripheral surface of said sleeve.

4. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 3 wherein said sleeve comprises a glass sleeve with said conductive coating covering the outer peripheral surface of said sleeve.

5. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 4 wherein said glass sleeve is formed of a glass material having a low coefficient of thermal expansion, said coating comprising tin oxide.

6. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 5 wherein a pair of bands of conductive silver paint are disposed around said sleeve on said conductive coating respectively at said ends of said sleeve to provide electrical contact means for said conductive coating.

7. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 6 wherein said body portion of said device in cylindrical, said sleeve is cylindrical, said lead means projecting from opposite ends of said body portion and respectively extending out of and beyond said ends of said sleeve, said lead means respectively having ferrules thereon for electrical connection purposes, said ferrules being coaxially aligned with said cylindrical body portion and said cylindrical sleeve and being ofa diameter substantially the same as the diameter of said sleeve.

8. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lead means respectively project out of said ends of said sleeve.

9. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein adhesive means between said sleeve and said body portion of said device secures said sleeve and said body portion in said telescoped relation thereof.

10. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said device is removable from said sleeve for replacement purposes or the like.

11. In combination, a housing having an electrical switch means, a thermal limiter construction carried by said housing and comprising a thermally responsive device having a pair of lead means for interconnecting said device in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby and having means for opening the electrical connection between said lead means when said device is sensing a certain temperature condition, said thermal limiter construction having electrically operated heater means disposed adjacent said device and which when energized will provide said certain temperature condition to be sensed by said device to open the electrical connection between said lead means and thus open said circuit, and means electrically connecting said switch means and said heater means in series whereby said heater means is only adapted to be energized when said switch means is closed, said switch means having actuator means carried by said housing for opening and closing said switch means.

12. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said actuator means of said switch means comprises a plunger projecting from said housing.

13. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said thermal limiter construction is detachable from said housing for replacement purposes and the like.

14. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said switch means includes a movable switch blade which opens said switch means when moved to a certain position relative to said housing, said switch blade being disposed in said housing.

15. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said device has a body portion with said lead means projecting from opposed ends of said body portion, said heater means comprising a sleeve telescoped over said body portion of said device and having opposed open ends out through which said lead means respectively project.

16. A combination as set forth in claim 15 wherein said housing has conductive spring clips, said lead means of said device being detachably disposed in two of said spring clips of said housing.

17. A combination as set forth in claim 16 wherein said housing has a pair of terminals for lead attachment purposes respectively electrically interconnected to said two spring clips whereby said terminals are adapted to be interconnected in said circuit.

18. A combination as set forth in claim 16 wherein said heater means comprises a conductive means disposed on the outer surfaces of said sleeve, said sleeve being detachably disposed in another pair of said spring clips that are spaced from each other and are respectively disposed in electrical contact with said conductive means.

19. A combination as set forth in claim 18 wherein one of said pair of spring clips comprises said means for electrically connecting said switch means and said heater means in series, the other of said pair of spring clips being electrically interconnected to one of the spring clips that carries one of said lead means of said device.

20. A combination as set forth in claim 20 wherein said lead means of said device respectively have ferrules thereon respectively disposed in their respective spring clips, said sleeve being cylindrical and being coaxial with said ferrules.

Claims (20)

1. A thermal limiter construction comprising a thermally responsive device having a body portion and a pair of lead means for interconnecting said device in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby, said device having means for opening the electrical connection between said lead means when said device is sensing a certain temperature condition, and a sleeve telescoped over said body portion of said device, said sleeve comprising an inner insulative peripheral surface adjacent said device and an electrical heater means which when energized will provide said certain temperature condition to be sensed by said device to open the electrical connection between said lead means and thus open said circuit, said sleeve having opposed open ends and being continuous between said ends.
2. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said heater means comprises a conductive coating on said sleeve.
3. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 2 wherein said conductive coating covers said sleeve between said ends thereof to provide the outer peripheral surface of said sleeve.
4. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 3 wherein said sleeve comprises a glass sleeve with said conductive coating covering the outer peripheral surface of said sleeve.
5. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 4 wherein said glass sleeve is formed of a glass material having a low coefficient of thermal expansion, said coating comprising tin oxide.
6. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 5 wherein a pair of bands of conductive silver paint are disposed around said sleeve on said conductive coating respectively at said ends of said sleeve to provide electrical contact means for said conductive coating.
7. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 6 wherein said body portion of said device in cylindrical, said sleeve is cylindrical, said lead means projecting from opposite ends of said body portion and respectively extending out of and beyond said ends of said sleeve, said lead means respectively having ferrules thereon for electrical connection purposes, said ferrules being coaxially aligned with said cylindrical body portion and said cylindrical sleeve and being of a diameter substantially the same as the diameter of said sleeve.
8. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lead means respectively project out of said ends of said sleeve.
9. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein adhesive means between said sleeve and said body portion of said device secures said sleeve and said body portion in said telescoped relation thereof.
10. A thermal limiter construction as set forth in claim 1 wherein said device is removable from said sleeve for replacement purposes or the like.
11. In combination, a housing having an electrical switch means, a thermal limiter construction carried by said housing and comprising a thermally responsive device having a pair of lead means for interconnecting said devIce in an electrical circuit to be controlled thereby and having means for opening the electrical connection between said lead means when said device is sensing a certain temperature condition, said thermal limiter construction having electrically operated heater means disposed adjacent said device and which when energized will provide said certain temperature condition to be sensed by said device to open the electrical connection between said lead means and thus open said circuit, and means electrically connecting said switch means and said heater means in series whereby said heater means is only adapted to be energized when said switch means is closed, said switch means having actuator means carried by said housing for opening and closing said switch means.
12. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said actuator means of said switch means comprises a plunger projecting from said housing.
13. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said thermal limiter construction is detachable from said housing for replacement purposes and the like.
14. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said switch means includes a movable switch blade which opens said switch means when moved to a certain position relative to said housing, said switch blade being disposed in said housing.
15. A combination as set forth in claim 11 wherein said device has a body portion with said lead means projecting from opposed ends of said body portion, said heater means comprising a sleeve telescoped over said body portion of said device and having opposed open ends out through which said lead means respectively project.
16. A combination as set forth in claim 15 wherein said housing has conductive spring clips, said lead means of said device being detachably disposed in two of said spring clips of said housing.
17. A combination as set forth in claim 16 wherein said housing has a pair of terminals for lead attachment purposes respectively electrically interconnected to said two spring clips whereby said terminals are adapted to be interconnected in said circuit.
18. A combination as set forth in claim 16 wherein said heater means comprises a conductive means disposed on the outer surfaces of said sleeve, said sleeve being detachably disposed in another pair of said spring clips that are spaced from each other and are respectively disposed in electrical contact with said conductive means.
19. A combination as set forth in claim 18 wherein one of said pair of spring clips comprises said means for electrically connecting said switch means and said heater means in series, the other of said pair of spring clips being electrically interconnected to one of the spring clips that carries one of said lead means of said device.
20. A combination as set forth in claim 20 wherein said lead means of said device respectively have ferrules thereon respectively disposed in their respective spring clips, said sleeve being cylindrical and being coaxial with said ferrules.
US34474573 1973-03-26 1973-03-26 Thermal limiter construction and electrical switch and system utilizing the same Expired - Lifetime US3829809A (en)

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JP3336274A JPS5035736A (en) 1973-03-26 1974-03-25
DE19742414510 DE2414510A1 (en) 1973-03-26 1974-03-26 thermal fuse
US47631374 US3900713A (en) 1973-03-26 1974-06-04 Thermal limiter construction and electrical switch and system utilizing the same

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FR2314606A1 (en) * 1975-06-12 1977-01-07 Philips Nv ovens for Security Systems microwave

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JPS5411698Y2 (en) * 1974-04-26 1979-05-25
DE3333620A1 (en) * 1983-09-17 1985-04-11 Braun Ag breaker

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US3489976A (en) * 1966-01-03 1970-01-13 Texas Instruments Inc Self-protected time delay relay
US3519972A (en) * 1969-03-18 1970-07-07 Micro Devices Corp Temperature responsive electric switch
US3521138A (en) * 1967-04-05 1970-07-21 Danfoss As Thermal starting device for a singlephase asynchronous motor
US3696611A (en) * 1969-09-17 1972-10-10 Scovill Manufacturing Co Thermal motors

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US3489976A (en) * 1966-01-03 1970-01-13 Texas Instruments Inc Self-protected time delay relay
US3424372A (en) * 1966-11-30 1969-01-28 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Centrifugal gaseous medium compressor
US3521138A (en) * 1967-04-05 1970-07-21 Danfoss As Thermal starting device for a singlephase asynchronous motor
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FR2314606A1 (en) * 1975-06-12 1977-01-07 Philips Nv ovens for Security Systems microwave

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DE2414510A1 (en) 1974-10-10
JPS5035736A (en) 1975-04-04

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