US3825175A - Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use - Google Patents

Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3825175A
US3825175A US36768473A US3825175A US 3825175 A US3825175 A US 3825175A US 36768473 A US36768473 A US 36768473A US 3825175 A US3825175 A US 3825175A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
cavity
conduit means
centrifugal
particles
centripetal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
W Sartory
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)
Original Assignee
US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B5/00Other centrifuges
    • B04B5/06Centrifugal counter-current apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B5/00Other centrifuges
    • B04B5/04Radial chamber apparatus for separating predominantly liquid mixtures, e.g. butyrometers
    • B04B5/0442Radial chamber apparatus for separating predominantly liquid mixtures, e.g. butyrometers with means for adding or withdrawing liquid substances during the centrifugation, e.g. continuous centrifugation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B5/00Other centrifuges
    • B04B5/04Radial chamber apparatus for separating predominantly liquid mixtures, e.g. butyrometers
    • B04B5/0442Radial chamber apparatus for separating predominantly liquid mixtures, e.g. butyrometers with means for adding or withdrawing liquid substances during the centrifugation, e.g. continuous centrifugation
    • B04B2005/0471Radial chamber apparatus for separating predominantly liquid mixtures, e.g. butyrometers with means for adding or withdrawing liquid substances during the centrifugation, e.g. continuous centrifugation with additional elutriation separation of different particles

Abstract

A method and apparatus for carrying out centrifugal elutriation using a rotatable cylinder having an annular cavity within. Samples are introduced into the cavity at a central part thereof. A suspending liquid is introduced into the cavity at the centrifugal side. A first portion of particles within the sample moves in the centripetal direction with the flowing liquid and a second portion of larger particles moves in the centrifugal direction. Exit ports at the centripetal and centrifugal sides of the cavity provide a means for continuously removing the separated first and second portions of particles.

Description

United States Patent [191 Sartory v CENTRIFUGAL PARTICLE ELUTRIATOR AND METHOD OF USE [75] Inventor: Walter K. Sartory, Oak Ridge,

Tenn.

[7 3] Assignee: The United States of America as represented'by the United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC.

22 Filed: June 6,1973

21 Appl. No.: 367,684

[52] US. Cl 233/2, 233/15, 233/31 [51] Int. Cl B041) 3/00, B04b 5/06 [58] Field of Search 233/2, 26, 27, 28, 21,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,291,387 12/1966 Billen 233/28 3,519,201 7/1970 Eisel et a1. 233/21 3,703,984 11/1972 Pruessner 233/28 [111 3,825,175 [451 July 23, 1974 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 388,966 3/1933 Great Britain 233/15 Primary Examiner-George H. Krizmanich Attorney, Agent, or Firm-John A. Horan; David S. Zachry; John B. Hardaway [5 7] ABSTRACT A method and apparatus for carrying out centrifugal elutriation using a rotatable cylinder having an annular cavity within. Samples are introduced into the cavity at a central part thereof. A suspending liquid is introduced into the cavity at the centrifugal side. A first portion of particles within the sample moves in the centripetal direction with the flowing liquid and a second portion of larger particles moves in the centrifugal direction. Exitports at the centripetal and centrifugal sides of the cavity provide a means for continuously removing the separated first and second portions of particles. p

I 6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATfiN'iiuJuLaamm sum 2 0F 2 FEED CONCENTRATION 7 o .ZEIQDOmTE.

so E

0.2 FEED CONCENTRATION v1 CENTRIFIJGAI. PARTICLE ELUTRIAToR AND METHOD OF USE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the US. Atomic Energy Commission. It relates generally to the art of centrifugal elutriation.

The prior art in many areas of technology has used elutriation as a means of separating particles of similar densities but of different effective diameters. The process is based generally upon an application of Stokes Law of sedimentation. The process is applied to particles smaller than about 100 microns. When particle sizes are below approximately 40 microns centrifugation has been used to speed up the settling process.

In the field of blood separation centrifugation has been used in a batch type operation for separating the various constituents. One such prior art technique is that of Lindahl et al., IVA. Tidskrift for Teknisk Vetenskoplig Forskning 26, 309 (1955). This apparatus comprises a cone-shaped inclined cavity within 'a rotating disc, with a side loop attached to the cavity. The inclination and side loop serve the purpose of minimizing recirculation currents and thus mixing. However, even with this design recirculation currents and mixing still occur.

Another such apparatus is described by McEwen et al., Analytical Biochemistry 23, 369-377 (1968). This apparatus comprises a rotatable disc having a kiteshaped cavity in a radial portion thereof. The sample to be separated is pumped into the centrifugal side of the cavity while the disc is rotating. The slower settling particles are thus pumped out of the centripetal s ide of the cavity while the faster settling particles are retained within the cavity. By varying the speed of rotation, various size particles can be pumped out of the cavity one 1 at a time.

Another prior art technique involves the use of a suspending liquid whose viscosity is varied overtime. The settling rate of the particles being separated is effected by the viscosity of the suspending medium in accordance with Stokes Law.

The above prior art techniques generally utilize the concept of flow through a finite void within a rotating disc. Several inherent disadvantages result from such operation. In the above techniques the flowing contents of the cavity come into contact with radial walls during the separation process. This gives rise to Coriolis force effects which cause turbulence along the wall fronting rotation and mixing of the particles which are being separated. Another problem with the above prior art is that the fluid is introduced into the cavity at the section of smallest cross section and moves in the centripetal direction into sections of increased cross section. This causes the overall velocity to decrease as the fluid moves in the centripetal direction. It is known from the technology of fluidization that a high fluid velocity leads to a low particle concentration and, therefore, to

a low suspension density. As a result, the suspension density within the cavity tends to be low at the outer radius, and to increase inthe centripetal direction. Such a density configuration is unstable (like trying to suspend a layer of mercury above a layer of water in a beaker) and will'lead to turnover and turbulent mixing. In

addition, since laminar flow exists at the radial boundaries of the void, the central portion of the fluid has a greater velocity than that of the fluid in the laminar flow of the boundaries. This tends to cause convective mixing. 7

A particular problem with the above prior art processes as they are applied to blood separation, as well as to other separations, is that there is a density gradient in the particlees due to the varied velocities in the different cross sectionarea regions of the void. This results in turbulent mixing of the particles. Another result of the radial velocity gradient is that different shear conditions exist in regions of different velocity. Blood particles are composed of aggregate particles. Under conditions of high shear the aggregates are broken up into primary particles. Underconditions of low shear the particles reaggregate and move in the centrifugal direction only to again be broken up.

In addition to the above problems which militate against achieving any separation at all, the processes are only applicable to batch operation. Thus such systems would not be amenable to a continuous process wherein a particular blood constituent is removed from the blood of a donor, and the remaining plasma and blood constituents are returned to the donor in a single continuous operation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION intermediate the centrifugal and centripetal boundaries of the cavity, evenly flowing a suspending medium from the centrifugal boundary of the cavity toward the centripetal boundary removing faster settling solids and suspending medium from the centrifugal portion of the cavity and removing slower settling particles and suspending medium from the centripetal portion of the boundary.

BRIEF'DESCRIPT ION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a sectional oblique drawing of a rotor housing according to this invention.

FIG. 2 is asectional view of an alternative construction of a rotor housing according to this invention.

FIGS. 3 and 4 are graphs used in determining the overall geometry of a rotor housing according to this invention.

' DETAILED DESCRIPTION According to this invention it has been found that axially extending radial walls may be completely dispensed with in a centrifugal elutriator. A cross section view of the elutriator of .this invention is shown in FIG. I

l. The elutriator is comprised of a housing (1) having a right toroidal cavity (6) enclosed within it. Conduit means -(7), (8), (9), and (10) communicate with the cavity at various locations. Conduit'means (7) serves as an introductory port for suspending fluid used in the process of this invention. Conduit means (10) serves as a sample introduction port. Conduit means (8) and (9) are respectively the centripetal and centrifugal exit ports. The conduit means are pipe-like orifices which pass from the central entrance to their respective openings in the cavity. For small centrifuges (less than about centimeters in radius) a conduit means every 30 or 12 conduit means for each of those illustrated in FIG. 4 is sufficient for satisfactory flow. However, any other arrangement, such as disc-shaped cavities, which allows for uniform flow may be used.

Pervious baffles (2) and (4) through which suspending medium and particles can flow are provided at the centrifugal and centripetal sides of the cavity. Outer baffle (2) is necessary for assuring that the suspending medium, which is introduced through conduit means (7), flows into the central portion of the cavity at an even and uniform velocity around the cavity. Such even flow minimizes mixing effects which would otherwise be present. Inner baffle (4) is not absolutely necessary for the successful operation of the apparatus. However, it is preferred to incorporate baffle (4) into the apparatus so as to minimize and evenly distribute any suction effects which may arise from conduit means (8).

The pervious baffles may be in the form of wire mesh or perforated sheet. It is preferred, however, that the baffles be constructed of porous material having open porosity with a size on the order of the material being separated. Porous polytetrafluoroethylene having a pore size of about 25 microns, which is commercially available, is desirable for use when blood is being separated. The baffles may also be in the form of a packed bed of beads.

Rotor (1) is of the type of construction as is conventional with centrifuges. Appropriately grooved and drilled stacked plates of stainless steel bolted at the periphery provide a suitable construction. However, when blood is being separated it is necessary for the stainless steel to be coated with an inert material such as polytetrafluoroethylene.

Conventional temperature control and rotating means may be employed. For example, the control system used in the K series centrifuge may be employed with the rotor of this invention. Such means are described by Brantley et al. in K-SeriesCentrifuges, Analytical Biochemistry 36, 434-442 (1970).

An alternate form of construction is shown in FIG. 2. In this alternative embodiment, pervious baffle (2') extends only partially across cavity (6) and partition (13) intersects baffle (2') so as to define a flow path for liquid flowing through conduit means (7) through pervious baffle (2'). In this case, conduit means (9) is displaced centrifugally from pervious baffle (2) in areas where no counterflow occurs. Such an arrangement provides for a higher degree of packing of faster settling particles prior to removal.

The process of this invention is generally applicable to particles within the size range of from about 100 microns to 100 A. Although a broad spectrum of particle sizes may exist within the above range, the process of this invention is designed to divide the particles into two groups, one of which is larger than the dividing size and the other of which is smaller than the dividing size. The process of this invention is carried out by the continuous introduction of a sample comprising particles and a suspending liquid into the cavity (6) through conduit means (10) while simultaneously flowing suspending liquid through conduit means (7 while rotating housing (1) at an appropriate velocity. The particles introduced through port (10) tend to move toward centrifugal boundary (12) at varying velocities due to the centrifugal field existing within the rotating housing. Different size particles tend to settle toward centrifugal boundary (12) at different velocities generally as is predicted from Stokes Law. Suspending liquid flowing through conduit means (7) is forced through cavity 6) at a velocity which is intermediate the settling velocities of the particles introduced through conduit means (10). Thus, particles which are settling at a velocity which is greater than the velocity of suspending fluid entering through conduit means (1) move in the centrifugal direction and out through conduit means (9). Particles which are settling at a velocity which is less than the velocity of the flowing suspending liquid move in the centripetal direction and out through conduit means (8). In carrying out the process of this invention there are four flow rates which must be monitored and regulated to achieve satisfactory results. The four flow rates are as follows.

First, the flow of incoming sample through conduit means (10);

Second, the flow of suspending medium through conduit means (7);

Third, the flow of slower settling particles and suspending medium through conduit means (8); and

, Fourth, the flow of rapidly settling particles and suspending medium through conduit means (9).

The first and second flow rates are determined by geometry considerations which are discussed below. The third and fourth flow rates are best determined by regulating the fourth flow rate so as to maintain the radial separation interface of the fast and slow settling particles between conduit means (10) and inner pervious baffle (4). This can be done by observing the separated products or by providing transparent windows in the rotor housing so that the interface may be observed either visually or photometrically. The interface is preferably located centrally between conduit means (10) and inner pervious baffle (4).

In carrying out the present invention the overall geometry of the apparatus must be based upon the particular fluid particle system upon which the apparatus will operate. As an example, an apparatus designed to sepa rate while cells from 1.0 cm lsec. of whole blood with a typical red cell volume fraction of 0.45 is described as follows. A maximum volume of cavity (6) is stipulated as 500 cc since this is a safe volume to remove from a donor.

The sedimentation coefficient of white cells in plasma at 37C is about The sedimentation coefficient of red cells depends on the degree to which individual cells combine to form large aggregates. This tendency varies from individual to individual. Shearing the blood just before sedimentation tends to break up the larger aggregates and thus to reduce the sedimentation velocity. We consider here the value I S 12 X 10 sec. which should be readily attainable with blood from most individuals if severe shearing is avoided. This value allows for a moderate amount of shearing in the tubes and seals which deliver the blood to the separation apparatus.

The volume fraction of white cells (C in blood is normally about 0.002. This small value makes possible a convenient approximation that C is too small to appreciably affect the sedimentation velocities of either red or white cells. ith the aid of this approximation, the plots of FIGS. 3 and 4 have been prepared to aid in determining the size of the apparatus required and the amount of flow which must be pumped through the porous or perforated bafiles.

In FIG. 3, the ordinate is defined as:

red cell throughput FC /w r 21rlS where F volumetric flow rate of blood in the stream feeding the separator (in cm /sec.)

C concentration of red cells in the stream feeding the separator (volume fraction) r is the radial location of conduit means (cm) I is the axial length of the separator cavity (cm) In FIG. 4, the ordinate is defined as: Elutriation flow E/w r 21rlS where E volumetric flow rate of baffle (2) (em /sec.)

In both FIGS. 3 and 4, the abscissa is the concentration of red cells in the stream feeding the separator, Cf.

Since the capacity as shown inFIG. 3is increased by using lower feed concentrations, we dilute the whole blood to a concentration of C 0.30 before introducing it to'the separator. We choose a rotor speed of 700 rpm and a feed port radius of IF 10 cm. These values are convenient and lead to a radial acceleration of about 55 times gravity which does not damage blood cells.

From FIG. 3 at C 0.30 FCf/wirfiZrrlS 0.076 r The axial length of the cavity required is then 1 l= 1.9 cm. From FIG. 4, at C 0.30 E/w r 21rlSg 0.195 The volumetric throughput of plasma through the porous baffles is then E 1.16 cm /sec.

Typical dimensions for an elutriator under the above conditions would then be:

' radius of centripetal wall (11) 6 V2 cm.

radius of centripetal baffle (4) 7 /2 cm.

interface of red and white cells 8 hem.

conduit means (10) 10 cm. centrifugal baffle (2) 10 /2 cmcentrifugal wall (12) 11 V2 cm., and

axial height 1.9 cm.

The above equations and approximations can, of course, be used to determine the elutriator geometry for any system in whichseparation is desired. The process and apparatus'of this invention may also be used in more than one stage. For example, red and white cells may be separated in a first stage and plasma separated from the red'and white cellsv in second and third stages. On the other hand, the products of the first stage may be again separated to achieve a higher separation quality. It is readily apparent that additional plasma through pervious 1. A method for separating particles which are suspended within a suspending liquid, comprising the steps 0 continuously introducing a sam le comprising said particles and said suspending iquid into a central portion of a bound rotatin cavity, a first portion of said particles having di erent settling velocities from a second portion of said particles within said suspending liquid;

flowin a liquid, which is the same liquid as said suspen ing liquid of said sarn 1e, from the centrifugal side of said cavity towar the centripetal side of said cavity at a velocity which is intermediate the settling velocities of said first and second portion of said particles, whereby the faster settling portion of said particles move in the centrifugal direction and the slower settling particles move in the centripetal direction along with said flowing liquid; removin said faster settling 1particles and suspending liquid mm the centrifuga side of said cavity; and

removingsaid slower settling particles and suspending liquid from the centripetal side of said cavity.

2. The method according'to claim I wherein said sample is whole blood, said slower settling particles are white blood cells, said faster settling'particl'es are red blood cells and said suspending liqurd is plasma.

3. A centrifugal elutriator, comprising:

a rotor housing (1) enclosing a right toroidal cavity (6) concentrically located about an axis of said housing, said cavity having a centrifugal bounda'r and a centripetal boundary, said centrifugal boun ary being located at a radial distance from said axis which is greater than the radial'distance of said centripetal boundary from said axis.

first conduit means (7) communicating with said cavity at a point adjacent said centrifugal boundary,

second conduit means (9) communicating with said cavity,

third conduit means (10) communicating with said cavity at a point centripetally located from said second conduit means and generally, centrally located on a radius of said cavity,

fourth conduit means (8) communicating with said cavity at a point centri etally located from said housing at a radius interrne iate said first and third conduit means whereby fluid entering through said first conduit means flows through said baffle to reach any of said conduit means.

4. The apparatus according to claim 3 further comprisin a second pervious baffle (4) located between said t rd and fourth conduit means.

5. The apparatus according to claim 3 wherein said pervious baffle extends across the entire axial height of said cavity.

6. The apparatus according to claim 3 wherein said baffle extends across only a portion of said cavit and a concentric artition extends from said pervious affle to said centri gal boundary, whereby said first conduit means communicates with said cavity within the space defined by said pervious'baffle, said partition and said centrifugal wall and said second conduit means is 10- cated centrifugally of said pervious bafile and on the opposite side of said cavity from said first conduit means.

Claims (6)

1. A method for separating particles which are suspended within a suspending liquid, comprising the steps of: continuously introducing a sample comprising said particles and said suspending liquid into a central portion of a bound rotating cavity, a first portion of said particles having different settling velocities from a second portion of said particles within said suspending liquid; flowing a liquid, which is the same liquid as said suspending liquid of said sample, from the centrifugal side of said cavity toward the centripetal side of said cavity at a velocity which is intermediate the settling velocities of said first and second portion of said particles, whereby the faster settling portion of said particles move in the centrifugal direction and the slower settling particles move in the centripetal direction along with said flowing liquid; removing said faster settling particles and suspending liquid from the centrifugal side of said cavity; and removing said slower settling particles and suspending liquid from the centripetal side of said cavity.
2. The method according to claim 1 wherein said sample is whole blood, said slower settling particles are white blood cells, said faster settling particles are red blood cells and said suspending liquid is plasma.
3. A centrifugal elutriator, comprising: a rotor housing (1) enclosing a right toroidal cavity (6) concentrically located about an axis of said housing, said cavity having a centrifugal boundary and a centripetal boundary, said centrifugal boundary being located at a radial distance from said axis which is greater than the radial distance of said centripetal boundary from said axis. first conduit means (7) communicating with said cavity at a point adjacent said centrifugal boundary, second conduit means (9) communicating with said cavity, third cOnduit means (10) communicating with said cavity at a point centripetally located from said second conduit means and generally centrally located on a radius of said cavity, fourth conduit means (8) communicating with said cavity at a point centripetally located from said third conduit means and adjacent said centripetal boundary, said first, second, third, and fourth conduit means communicating with the exterior of said housing; and a pervious baffle (2) concentric with said centrifugal and centripetal boundaries axially traversing at least a portion of said cavity and attached to said housing at a radius intermediate said first and third conduit means whereby fluid entering through said first conduit means flows through said baffle to reach any of said conduit means.
4. The apparatus according to claim 3 further comprising a second pervious baffle (4) located between said third and fourth conduit means.
5. The apparatus according to claim 3 wherein said pervious baffle extends across the entire axial height of said cavity.
6. The apparatus according to claim 3 wherein said baffle extends across only a portion of said cavity and a concentric partition extends from said pervious baffle to said centrifugal boundary, whereby said first conduit means communicates with said cavity within the space defined by said pervious baffle, said partition and said centrifugal wall and said second conduit means is located centrifugally of said pervious baffle and on the opposite side of said cavity from said first conduit means.
US3825175A 1973-06-06 1973-06-06 Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use Expired - Lifetime US3825175A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3825175A US3825175A (en) 1973-06-06 1973-06-06 Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3825175A US3825175A (en) 1973-06-06 1973-06-06 Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use
CA 199684 CA996526A (en) 1973-06-06 1974-05-13 Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use
GB2171174A GB1455203A (en) 1973-06-06 1974-05-16 Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use
DE19742426908 DE2426908A1 (en) 1973-06-06 1974-06-04 Centrifugal particle-elutrationsvorrichtung and procedures for their use
FR7419622A FR2232368B1 (en) 1973-06-06 1974-06-06
JP6454074A JPS5032562A (en) 1973-06-06 1974-06-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3825175A true US3825175A (en) 1974-07-23

Family

ID=23448183

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3825175A Expired - Lifetime US3825175A (en) 1973-06-06 1973-06-06 Centrifugal particle elutriator and method of use

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3825175A (en)
JP (1) JPS5032562A (en)
CA (1) CA996526A (en)
DE (1) DE2426908A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2232368B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1455203A (en)

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3982691A (en) * 1974-10-09 1976-09-28 Schlutz Charles A Centrifuge separation and washing device and method
US4193775A (en) * 1976-07-27 1980-03-18 Wang Chia Gee Methods and apparatus for separating gases with ventilated blades
WO1981001801A1 (en) * 1979-12-19 1981-07-09 C Wang Method and apparatus for separating gases with ventilated blades
US4290781A (en) * 1977-08-15 1981-09-22 Wang Chia Gee Methods and apparatus for separating gases with ventilated blades
DE3635300A1 (en) * 1985-10-18 1987-04-23 Cobe Lab Centrifugal separator
US4670002A (en) * 1985-12-09 1987-06-02 Hitachi Koki Company, Ltd. Centrifugal elutriator rotor
US4689203A (en) * 1984-01-11 1987-08-25 Fluilogic Systems Oy Centrifuge
EP0239091A2 (en) * 1986-03-27 1987-09-30 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Particle separation process
US4939087A (en) * 1987-05-12 1990-07-03 Washington State University Research Foundation, Inc. Method for continuous centrifugal bioprocessing
US5217427A (en) * 1977-08-12 1993-06-08 Baxter International Inc. Centrifuge assembly
US5217426A (en) * 1977-08-12 1993-06-08 Baxter International Inc. Combination disposable plastic blood receiving container and blood component centrifuge
EP0583691A2 (en) * 1992-08-14 1994-02-23 Fresenius AG Method and device for a continuous treatment of a cellular suspension
US5370802A (en) * 1987-01-30 1994-12-06 Baxter International Inc. Enhanced yield platelet collection systems and methods
US5427695A (en) * 1993-07-26 1995-06-27 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for on line collecting and resuspending cellular-rich blood products like platelet concentrate
US5549834A (en) * 1991-12-23 1996-08-27 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for reducing the number of leukocytes in cellular products like platelets harvested for therapeutic purposes
WO1996033023A1 (en) * 1995-04-18 1996-10-24 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle separation apparatus and method
US5571068A (en) * 1977-08-12 1996-11-05 Baxter International Inc. Centrifuge assembly
US5656163A (en) * 1987-01-30 1997-08-12 Baxter International Inc. Chamber for use in a rotating field to separate blood components
NL1002569C2 (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-09-12 Univ Delft Tech A method for performing a treatment in the presence of a centrifugal force, and apparatus therefor.
US5674173A (en) * 1995-04-18 1997-10-07 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Apparatus for separating particles
US5690835A (en) * 1991-12-23 1997-11-25 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for on line collection of cellular blood components that assure donor comfort
WO1998033597A1 (en) * 1997-01-31 1998-08-06 Australian Red Cross Society (Western Australian Division) Method and means for separating blood
US5792038A (en) * 1996-05-15 1998-08-11 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Centrifugal separation device for providing a substantially coriolis-free pathway
US5904645A (en) * 1996-05-15 1999-05-18 Cobe Laboratories Apparatus for reducing turbulence in fluid flow
US5906570A (en) * 1995-04-18 1999-05-25 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle filter apparatus
WO1999036111A1 (en) 1998-01-20 1999-07-22 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. System and method for separation of particles
US5954626A (en) * 1996-05-15 1999-09-21 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method of minimizing coriolis effects in a centrifugal separation channel
US5993370A (en) * 1987-01-30 1999-11-30 Baxter International Inc. Enhanced yield collection systems and methods for obtaining concentrated platelets from platelet-rich plasma
US6007725A (en) * 1991-12-23 1999-12-28 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for on line collection of cellular blood components that assure donor comfort
US6022306A (en) * 1995-04-18 2000-02-08 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method and apparatus for collecting hyperconcentrated platelets
US6053856A (en) * 1995-04-18 2000-04-25 Cobe Laboratories Tubing set apparatus and method for separation of fluid components
US6153113A (en) * 1999-02-22 2000-11-28 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method for using ligands in particle separation
US6334842B1 (en) 1999-03-16 2002-01-01 Gambro, Inc. Centrifugal separation apparatus and method for separating fluid components
US6354986B1 (en) 2000-02-16 2002-03-12 Gambro, Inc. Reverse-flow chamber purging during centrifugal separation
US20030116512A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2003-06-26 Glen Delbert Antwiler Methods and apparatus for separation of particles
US6736768B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2004-05-18 Gambro Inc Fluid separation devices, systems and/or methods using a fluid pressure driven and/or balanced approach
WO2005005460A1 (en) * 2003-07-10 2005-01-20 Novo Nordisk A/S Method of washing and concentrating protein precipitates by means of a centrifugal field and fluidization conditions
US20060086675A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-04-27 Cryofacets, Inc. System, chamber, and method for fractionation and elutriation of fluids containing particulate components
US20060147895A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-07-06 Cryofacets, Inc. System, chamber, and method for fractionation, elutriation, and decontamination of fluids containing cellular components
US20070208163A1 (en) * 2003-07-10 2007-09-06 Novo Nordisk A/S Method for treatment of protein precipitates
US7279107B2 (en) 2002-04-16 2007-10-09 Gambro, Inc. Blood component processing system, apparatus, and method
US20080035585A1 (en) * 2006-08-10 2008-02-14 Gambro Bct, Inc. Method and Apparatus for Recirculating Elutriation Fluids
US20130004964A1 (en) * 2009-09-21 2013-01-03 Roche Diagnostics Operations,Inc. Method for carrying out reactions in an analytical device
US20130023397A1 (en) * 2010-03-29 2013-01-24 Newcastle Innovation Limited Enhanced gravity separation device using closely spaced channels
US9248446B2 (en) 2013-02-18 2016-02-02 Terumo Bct, Inc. System for blood separation with a separation chamber having an internal gravity valve
WO2018067379A1 (en) 2016-10-03 2018-04-12 Terumo Bct, Inc. Centrifugal fluid separation device

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA3017542A1 (en) 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 Arcolor Ag Method for producing dispersions of a defined particle size

Cited By (82)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3982691A (en) * 1974-10-09 1976-09-28 Schlutz Charles A Centrifuge separation and washing device and method
US4193775A (en) * 1976-07-27 1980-03-18 Wang Chia Gee Methods and apparatus for separating gases with ventilated blades
US5759147A (en) * 1977-08-12 1998-06-02 Baxter International Inc. Blood separation chamber
US5217426A (en) * 1977-08-12 1993-06-08 Baxter International Inc. Combination disposable plastic blood receiving container and blood component centrifuge
US5217427A (en) * 1977-08-12 1993-06-08 Baxter International Inc. Centrifuge assembly
US5571068A (en) * 1977-08-12 1996-11-05 Baxter International Inc. Centrifuge assembly
US4290781A (en) * 1977-08-15 1981-09-22 Wang Chia Gee Methods and apparatus for separating gases with ventilated blades
WO1981001801A1 (en) * 1979-12-19 1981-07-09 C Wang Method and apparatus for separating gases with ventilated blades
US4689203A (en) * 1984-01-11 1987-08-25 Fluilogic Systems Oy Centrifuge
DE3635300A1 (en) * 1985-10-18 1987-04-23 Cobe Lab Centrifugal separator
US4670002A (en) * 1985-12-09 1987-06-02 Hitachi Koki Company, Ltd. Centrifugal elutriator rotor
EP0239091A3 (en) * 1986-03-27 1988-01-20 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Particle separation process
EP0239091A2 (en) * 1986-03-27 1987-09-30 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Particle separation process
US20030102272A1 (en) * 1987-01-30 2003-06-05 Baxter International Inc. Blood processing systems and methods
US5370802A (en) * 1987-01-30 1994-12-06 Baxter International Inc. Enhanced yield platelet collection systems and methods
US6511411B1 (en) 1987-01-30 2003-01-28 Baxter International Inc. Compact enhanced yield blood processing systems
US5529691A (en) * 1987-01-30 1996-06-25 Baxter International Inc. Enhanced yield platelet collection systems and method
US5993370A (en) * 1987-01-30 1999-11-30 Baxter International Inc. Enhanced yield collection systems and methods for obtaining concentrated platelets from platelet-rich plasma
US6899666B2 (en) 1987-01-30 2005-05-31 Baxter International Inc. Blood processing systems and methods
US6228017B1 (en) 1987-01-30 2001-05-08 Baxter International Inc. Compact enhanced yield blood processing systems
US5656163A (en) * 1987-01-30 1997-08-12 Baxter International Inc. Chamber for use in a rotating field to separate blood components
US4939087A (en) * 1987-05-12 1990-07-03 Washington State University Research Foundation, Inc. Method for continuous centrifugal bioprocessing
US5804079A (en) * 1991-12-23 1998-09-08 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for reducing the number of leukocytes in cellular products like platelets harvested for therapeutic purposes
US6007725A (en) * 1991-12-23 1999-12-28 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for on line collection of cellular blood components that assure donor comfort
US5549834A (en) * 1991-12-23 1996-08-27 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for reducing the number of leukocytes in cellular products like platelets harvested for therapeutic purposes
US5690835A (en) * 1991-12-23 1997-11-25 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for on line collection of cellular blood components that assure donor comfort
US6071421A (en) * 1991-12-23 2000-06-06 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for obtaining a platelet suspension having a reduced number of leukocytes
US5607830A (en) * 1992-08-14 1997-03-04 Fresenius Ag Method for the continuous conditioning of a cell suspension
EP0583691A3 (en) * 1992-08-14 1994-08-17 Fresenius Ag Method and device for a continuous treatment of a cellular suspension
EP0583691A2 (en) * 1992-08-14 1994-02-23 Fresenius AG Method and device for a continuous treatment of a cellular suspension
US5427695A (en) * 1993-07-26 1995-06-27 Baxter International Inc. Systems and methods for on line collecting and resuspending cellular-rich blood products like platelet concentrate
EP1555069A1 (en) * 1995-04-18 2005-07-20 Gambro, Inc., Particle separation apparatus and method
US5906570A (en) * 1995-04-18 1999-05-25 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle filter apparatus
US5913768A (en) * 1995-04-18 1999-06-22 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle filter apparatus
US6071422A (en) * 1995-04-18 2000-06-06 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle separation method and apparatus
US5939319A (en) * 1995-04-18 1999-08-17 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle separation method and apparatus
US6053856A (en) * 1995-04-18 2000-04-25 Cobe Laboratories Tubing set apparatus and method for separation of fluid components
US5722926A (en) * 1995-04-18 1998-03-03 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method for separating particles
US5674173A (en) * 1995-04-18 1997-10-07 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Apparatus for separating particles
WO1996033023A1 (en) * 1995-04-18 1996-10-24 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle separation apparatus and method
US6022306A (en) * 1995-04-18 2000-02-08 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method and apparatus for collecting hyperconcentrated platelets
US5951877A (en) * 1995-04-18 1999-09-14 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Particle filter method
US6180394B1 (en) 1996-03-11 2001-01-30 Bird Engineering B.V. Method of carrying out a treatment in the presence of a centrifugal force and an apparatus therefor
WO1997033687A1 (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-09-18 Bird Engineering B.V. Method of carrying out a treatment in the presence of a centrifugal force and an apparatus therefor
NL1002569C2 (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-09-12 Univ Delft Tech A method for performing a treatment in the presence of a centrifugal force, and apparatus therefor.
US5792038A (en) * 1996-05-15 1998-08-11 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Centrifugal separation device for providing a substantially coriolis-free pathway
US5954626A (en) * 1996-05-15 1999-09-21 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method of minimizing coriolis effects in a centrifugal separation channel
US5904645A (en) * 1996-05-15 1999-05-18 Cobe Laboratories Apparatus for reducing turbulence in fluid flow
WO1998033597A1 (en) * 1997-01-31 1998-08-06 Australian Red Cross Society (Western Australian Division) Method and means for separating blood
WO1999036111A1 (en) 1998-01-20 1999-07-22 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. System and method for separation of particles
US6051146A (en) * 1998-01-20 2000-04-18 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Methods for separation of particles
US6153113A (en) * 1999-02-22 2000-11-28 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Method for using ligands in particle separation
US6280622B1 (en) 1999-02-22 2001-08-28 Gambro, Inc. System for using ligands in particle separation
US7549956B2 (en) 1999-03-16 2009-06-23 Caridianbct, Inc. Centrifugal separation apparatus and method for separating fluid components
US6514189B1 (en) 1999-03-16 2003-02-04 Gambro, Inc. Centrifugal separation method for separating fluid components
US6334842B1 (en) 1999-03-16 2002-01-01 Gambro, Inc. Centrifugal separation apparatus and method for separating fluid components
US7029430B2 (en) 1999-03-16 2006-04-18 Gambro, Inc. Centrifugal separation apparatus and method for separating fluid components
US6354986B1 (en) 2000-02-16 2002-03-12 Gambro, Inc. Reverse-flow chamber purging during centrifugal separation
US6773389B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2004-08-10 Gambro Inc Fluid separation devices, systems and/or methods using a fluid pressure driven and/or balanced configuration
US6736768B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2004-05-18 Gambro Inc Fluid separation devices, systems and/or methods using a fluid pressure driven and/or balanced approach
US7094196B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2006-08-22 Gambro Inc. Fluid separation methods using a fluid pressure driven and/or balanced approach
US7094197B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2006-08-22 Gambro, Inc. Method for fluid separation devices using a fluid pressure balanced configuration
US7588692B2 (en) 2001-12-05 2009-09-15 Caridianbct, Inc. Methods for separation of particles
US20050250204A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2005-11-10 Gambro, Inc. Methods and apparatus for separation of particles
US7201848B2 (en) 2001-12-05 2007-04-10 Gambro Bct, Inc. Methods and apparatus for separation of particles
US20070144978A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2007-06-28 Gambro Bct Inc. Methods and Apparatus for Separation of Particles
US20030116512A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2003-06-26 Glen Delbert Antwiler Methods and apparatus for separation of particles
US7279107B2 (en) 2002-04-16 2007-10-09 Gambro, Inc. Blood component processing system, apparatus, and method
US7708889B2 (en) 2002-04-16 2010-05-04 Caridianbct, Inc. Blood component processing system method
US7497944B2 (en) 2002-04-16 2009-03-03 Caridianbct, Inc. Blood component processing system, apparatus, and method
US20070208163A1 (en) * 2003-07-10 2007-09-06 Novo Nordisk A/S Method for treatment of protein precipitates
WO2005005460A1 (en) * 2003-07-10 2005-01-20 Novo Nordisk A/S Method of washing and concentrating protein precipitates by means of a centrifugal field and fluidization conditions
WO2006047296A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-05-04 Cryofacets, Inc. System, chamber, and method for fractionation and elutriation of fluids containing particulate components
US20060147895A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-07-06 Cryofacets, Inc. System, chamber, and method for fractionation, elutriation, and decontamination of fluids containing cellular components
US20060086675A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-04-27 Cryofacets, Inc. System, chamber, and method for fractionation and elutriation of fluids containing particulate components
US20080035585A1 (en) * 2006-08-10 2008-02-14 Gambro Bct, Inc. Method and Apparatus for Recirculating Elutriation Fluids
US20130004964A1 (en) * 2009-09-21 2013-01-03 Roche Diagnostics Operations,Inc. Method for carrying out reactions in an analytical device
US9151750B2 (en) * 2009-09-21 2015-10-06 Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc. Method for carrying out reactions in an analytical device
US20130023397A1 (en) * 2010-03-29 2013-01-24 Newcastle Innovation Limited Enhanced gravity separation device using closely spaced channels
US9789490B2 (en) * 2010-03-29 2017-10-17 Newcastle Innovation Limited Enhanced gravity separation device using closely spaced channels
US9248446B2 (en) 2013-02-18 2016-02-02 Terumo Bct, Inc. System for blood separation with a separation chamber having an internal gravity valve
WO2018067379A1 (en) 2016-10-03 2018-04-12 Terumo Bct, Inc. Centrifugal fluid separation device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2232368B1 (en) 1978-02-17 grant
CA996526A (en) 1976-09-07 grant
JPS5032562A (en) 1975-03-29 application
CA996526A1 (en) grant
GB1455203A (en) 1976-11-10 application
FR2232368A1 (en) 1975-01-03 application
DE2426908A1 (en) 1975-01-02 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3616453A (en) Separation apparatus
Boone et al. The resolution of mixtures of viable mammalian cells into homogeneous fractions by zonal centrifugation
Anderson Studies on isolated cell components: VIII. High resolution gradient differential centrifugation
US5632893A (en) Enhanced yield blood processing systems with angled interface control surface
US4424132A (en) Apparatus and method for separating blood components
US3901658A (en) Whole blood analysis rotor assembly having removable cellular sedimentation bowl
US4818418A (en) Blood partitioning method
US4874358A (en) Dual axis continuous flow centrifugation apparatus and method
US4816168A (en) Separation of lymphocytes and monocytes from blood samples
US5913768A (en) Particle filter apparatus
US3920549A (en) Method and apparatus for multiphase fluid collection and separation
Anderson The zonal ultracentrifuge. A new instrument for fractionating mixtures of particles
US4296882A (en) Centrifugal fluid processing device
US4751001A (en) Blood partitioning apparatus
US5961846A (en) Concentration of waterborn and foodborn microorganisms
US4847205A (en) Device and method for automated separation of a sample of whole blood into aliquots
US7077273B2 (en) Blood component separator disk
US5628915A (en) Enhanced yield blood processing systems and methods establishing controlled vortex flow conditions
US4701158A (en) Centrifugal separator
US20040182788A1 (en) Plasma concentrate apparatus and method
US3998610A (en) Rotating concentric homogeneous turbulence centrifuge
US5484383A (en) Orbital separator for separating more dense and less dense components of a mixture having a controllable discharge passageway
US20040182795A1 (en) Apparatus and method for concentration of plasma from whole blood
Scott Thickening of Calcium Carbonate Slurries. Comparison of Data with Results for Rigid Spheres
Wahlund et al. Improved flow field-flow fractionation system applied to water-soluble polymers: programming, outlet stream splitting, and flow optimization