US3823246A - Chord playing organ including a circuit arrangement for adding fill-in notes to the solo part - Google Patents

Chord playing organ including a circuit arrangement for adding fill-in notes to the solo part Download PDF

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US3823246A
US3823246A US34998773A US3823246A US 3823246 A US3823246 A US 3823246A US 34998773 A US34998773 A US 34998773A US 3823246 A US3823246 A US 3823246A
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gate
gates
input
key
solo
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R Hebeisen
P Doane
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KIMBALL PIANO AND ORGAN ELECTRON
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KIMBALL PIANO AND ORGAN ELECTRON
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10HELECTROPHONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
    • G10H1/00Details of electrophonic musical instruments
    • G10H1/36Accompaniment arrangements
    • G10H1/38Chord
    • G10H1/386One-finger or one-key chord systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S84/00Music
    • Y10S84/22Chord organs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S84/00Music
    • Y10S84/23Electronic gates for tones

Abstract

An electronic organ which is selectively adjustable between conventional playing and chord playing modes and in which chord playing mode at least certain ones of the keys of the accompaniment manual key groups of notes which make up chords. When the organ is adjusted into chord playing mode, the depressing of a single chord playing key and a single solo key will actuate circuitry that causes added notes to be sounded inthe solo and which are musically related to the solo note being played and to the chord being played and which are preferably within about an octave range of the solo note being played.

Description

United States Patent 1191 [111 3,823,246 Hebeisen et al. July 9, 1974 CHORD PLAYING ORGAN INCLUDING A 3,629,481 12/1971 Bugner 114/103 CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT O ADDING 3,708,604 1/ 1973 l-lebeisen et a1. 84/1.03 3,711,618 l/l973 Freeman 84/l.03 FILL-IN NOTES To THE SOLO PART 3,725,560 4/1973 Robinson et al 84/1 .01 [75] Inventors: Richard Hebeisen; Patrick King Doane, both of pe Primary Examiner-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant Examiner-Stanle J. Witkowski 73 Y Asslgnee ggg Electronic Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Melvin A. Crosby [22] Filed: Apr. 11, 1973 [57] ABSTRACT [21] Appl. No.: 349,987 An electronic organ which is selectively adjustable between conventional playing and chord playing modes [52] CL 84/L17 84/DIG 22 84); 23 and in which chord playing mode at least certain ones [51] Int Cl Gloh /00 of the keys of the accompaniment manual key groups [58] Fieid 1 l7 1 24 of notes which make up chords. When the organ is ad- I 1 id justed into chord playing mode, the depressing of a v single chord playing key and a single solo key will actuate circuitry that causes added notes to be sounded [56] gg gizg g gjg inthe solo and which are musically related to the solo note being played and to the chord being played and 3,247,310 4/1966 StlIlSOII 84/l.l7 are preferably within about an ctave range of 3,339,338 12/1967 Brand et a1. 84/l.01 the 5010 note being played 3,433,880 3/1969 Southard 84/l.17 3,598,892 8/1971 Yamashita 84/1.01 21 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures Fr/O Ll i /4 a 20 l so1 o KEYERS Z Z 6 VOICE CIRCUITS soLo CHORD so1 o KEYBOARD SYSTEM ACCOMPANIMENT 2 6 KEYERS cnono KEYERS 36 GATES MAJOR PEDAL MIXER VOICE KEYERS 4 44 50 cmcuns l MINOR PEDAL 2 KEYERS 4 56 52 $532115 FREQUENCY 54 DIVIDERS 5 6O TONE sang/nos ACCOMPANIMENT KEYBOARD EM PAIENTEUJUL w 3.823.246
sum 1 or 2 FlG-ll A A soLo KEYERS VOICE CIRCUITS SOLO CHORD T SOLO KEYBOARD SYSTEM ACCOMPANIMENT Z6 KEYERS CHORD' KEYERS\ GATES- 1.1 m
3 MAJOR PEDAL MIXER VOICE KEYERS T 40 44 45 50 CIRCUITS I MINOR PEDAL L w KEYERS 42 t N41,
\ k 1 l I, V
I 5e 52 PEDAL JFREQUENCY\54 'i DIVIDERS J I l 1L 6 58 CANCEL TONE GENERATOR ACCOMPANIMENT SYSTEM KEYBOARD CHORD PLAYING ORGAN INCLUDING A CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT FOR ADDING FILL-IN NOTES TO THE SOLO PART The present invention relates to electronic organs and is particularly concerned with a circuit arrangement for an electronic organ which automatically adds, or fills in, selected notes, especially for the solo, during the playing of the organ.
Electronic organs are, of course, well known and consist, generally, of solo and accompaniment keyboards and a pedal keyboard with each key of the keyboards controlling a respective note.
In conventional playing, only those notes will sound which pertain to the keys of the keyboards that are depressed. Thus, if a chord is to be played in the accompaniment, all of the keys pertaining to the notes of the chord must be depressed. Similarly, if more than one note is to be sounded in the solo manual, a corresponding number of key of the solo manual must be depressed.
'practice and can be done in a proper manner only by an accomplished player.
For the reason that much skill is required to supply such fill-in notes during playing, a novice, or a less than accomplished player, can loose a great deal during the playing of a composition and can, if attempting to supply the fill-in notes, easily depress the wrong key and lzts ns sssirsd .disw amsf sse-.....
With the foregoing in mind, a primary objective of the present invention is the provision of a circuit arrangement for an electronic organ in which fill-in notes 5 canautomatically be supplied in the solo manual dur-' ing the playing of a composition. w Still another object of the present invention is the provision of an organ circuit in which the accompaniment manual is integrated with the solo manual in such a manner as to cause fill-in notes to be sounded in the solo manual when a key therein is depressed while a chord is nstt stssin hs anims ma tra.-
A still further object is the provision of a circuit arrangement of the nature referred to in which dissonantj effects are automatically eliminated.
Another object of the present invention is the provision of an organ circuit arrangement in which the playing of a single note in the accompaniment manual results in the sounding of a chord while automatically preparing circuits for notes in the solo manual which will sound when a key of the solo manual in the next octave thereabove is depressed.
These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent upon reference to the following detailed specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which: g
FIG. I is a highly schematic view of an entire organ circuit according to the present invention shown in block diagram form.
FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of basic circuitry pertaining to the organ.
FIG. 3 is a schematic representation of an organ embodying the circuitry of the present invention.
BRIEF SUY OF THE INVENTION control signal is routed, the component is referred to as i a gate. Each gate, or keyer, has two inputs and is under the control of two sources of signals, both of which are control signals in the case of a gate, while in the case of a keyer, one of the signals is a control signal and the other is a tone signal.
By using keyers and gates of the nature referred to, the pressing of a single key in the accompaniment manual can be caused to supply signals to one input of'a plurality of gates for the solo manual which, in turn, supply control signals to pertaining solo keyers.
The other input of the last mentioned gates is supplied by solo manual keys. Each gate has an output connected to one input of a respective group of solo keyers while each solo key of the solo keyboard also supplies an input to a respective group of solo keyers.
ence the output of the keyer only when the other input terminal of the keyer is at a logic 0. A keyer is, accordingly, disabled when one input terminal is held at a logic 1. The OR gates preceding a keyer, thus, enable keyers when supplying a logic 0 thereto and disable the keyers when supplying a logic ll thereto..The keyers themselves are, also, as mentioned, in the form of OR gates.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to the drawings somewhat more in detail, and in particular to the schematic block diagram of FIG. ll, 10 indicates a tone generator which produces square waves at a plurality of output terminals at respective frequencies, and all of which terminals are not shown.
One group of output terminals from tone generator 10 is connected to the solo keyers indicated by block 12 and the outputs from these keyers are supplied to the solo voicing circuits, indicated at 14, which are under the control of the respective tab switches 16. From the tab switches, the outputs go to amplifier means 18 and finally to speaker means 2%.
The solo keyers are under the control of the solo keyboard indicated at 22 and made up, in the customary manner, of a plurality of keys which supply enabling ers.
The solo manual also supplies signals to a solo chord system schematically indicated at 24 and which, in turn, when enabled, supplies enabling signals to the solo keyers l2.
Generator also supplies signals to the accompaniment keyers 26 which are under the control of the accompaniment keyboard indicated at 28. The output from keyers 26 is routed through a switch, or gate, 30 and the accompaniment voicing circuits 32 with the respective tab switches 34 to the input of amplifier means 18.
The accompaniment notes are also under the control of a further group of keyers 36 referred to as accompaniment chord keyers with these keyers also under the control of a certain group of chord playing keys of the accompaniment manual 28 and with the output of keyers 36 being routed through a switch, or gate, 38 to the accompaniment voicing circuits 32.
The generator 10 also supplies signals to major pedal keyers 40 and minor pedal keyers 42 with the output of major keyers 40 passing through a mixer 44 and a set of frequency dividers 46 and a control switch, or gate, 48 to the pedal voicing circuits 50 having control tab switches 52. The pedal tones are then supplied to the input of amplifier means 18.
Similarly, the output from the minor pedal keyers is supplied to a respective set of frequency dividers 54 and then through a respective switch, or gate, 56 to the pedal voicing circuit 50.
The pedal keyboard also comprises direct keying, by the keyers at 58, the output from which is supplied to the aforementioned mixer 44.
The major and minor pedal keyers 40 and 42 are also under the control of the chord playing keys of the accompaniment manual 28 as is also the aforementioned solo chord system 24.
Accompaniment manual 28 is also connected to a cancel system 60 which detects the depressing of more than one of the chord playing keys at one time when the organ is adjusted to play in chord mode, and thereby disables switches, or gates, 38, 48 and 56 and solo chord system 24 in order to prevent dissonance in the event that more than one chord playing accompaniment key is depressed.
Such a cancel circuit is illustrated in the Hebeisen et al. US. Pat. No. 3,708,604 and consists, fundamentally, of an .AND gate which detects a condition of two keys depressed at one time and generates a disabling signal for use in cancelling certain functions of the organ.
The accompaniment keyboard, according to the present invention, is arranged for the keying of a single note upon the depressing of each key while a certain portion of the keys of the accompaniment manual, for example, a group thereof near the left end of the accompaniment manual keyboard, and referred to herein as chord playing keys, are arranged for selectively playing chords. When the organ is adjusted so the chord playing keys will sound chords, the keys of the accompaniment keyboard are disabled in respect of playing the individual notes normally pertaining thereto. Thus, when the accompaniment keys are enabled for playing single notes, the chord playing system is disabled, and vice versa.
Thus, it will be seen that in one mode of operation, namely, conventional mode, each accompaniment key keys a single note and in another mode of operation,
namely, chord mode, at least selected ones of the accompaniment manual keys will key chords while the other accompaniment manual keys are preferably disabled. It might be mentioned that the chords keyed in this manner do not necessarily contain the note normally associated with the chord playing key which causes the chord to sound but may consist of any chord which it is convenient to have associated with the respective key.
In the foregoing, where reference is made to the keying of single notes by a single key, it will be understood that all ranks of the respective note pertaining to the keyboard are normally keyed when a single key is depressed, and of the notes thus keyed, those will sound which pertain to voicing circuits of the accompaniment manual having closed tab switches.
Turning now to FIG. 2, a greatly simplified system is illustrated with components of FIG. 1 identified by the same numerals applied to the dashed outline blocks. In FIG. 2, a single key of the accompaniment manual 28 is indicated at 62 while a series of keys of the solo manual 22 are indicated at 64, 66, 68 and 70 respectively. No pedal keys are shown in FIG. 2.
The circuit of FIG. 2 contains a plurality of keyers and gates, all of which are in the form of two input OR gates. When one input of a respective gate is a tone signal, the gate is referred to as a keyer. When the gate supplies an output for the control of another gate, or a keyer, it is referred to as a gate. In addition, a pair of FET swtiches are shown which operate as gates and which are referred to as gates.
Key 62 controls a switch 51 which closes when the key is depressed to connect line to ground. This line is connected through a diode D1 and a resistor R1 to the cancel system 60 so that if two keys are depressed, simultaneously, the cancel system will disable certain parts of the system. Wire 100 is also connected with one input of each of two keyers Q1 and Q2 which form the keyers that are normally under the control of key 62. The input connected to wire 100 is connected with a plus source of voltage through a resistor R2.
The other input of each of the keyers Q1 and O2 is connected through a respective resistors R3 and R3 with a respective source of tone signals which might compn'se, for example, the fundamental of the tone pertaining to key 62 and the second harmonic thereof.
The outputs of keyers Q1 and 02 are supplied through respective resistors R4 for Q1 and R5 for O2 to a line 102 leading to the input terminal of gate 30, the output terminal of which is connected by wire 104 to the input sides of the accompaniment voicing circuits. The gate 30 shown in FIGS. I and 2 precedes the accompaniment voicing circuits.
Gate 30 may be an FET transistor and the control terminal thereof is connected to a switch terminal 106 adapted for engagement by blade 108 of a switch and which blade is connected to a source of negative potential.
In normal playing of the organ, key 62 controls keyers Q1 and Q2 while the other gates and keyers connected thereto are disabled.
Wire 100 is also connected through a diode D3 with one tenninal of a keyer Q3 and which terminal is also connected through a resistor R6 to a plus source. The other terminal of keyer O3 is connected by resistor R7 with a source of minor pedal tone signals while the output of the keyer is connected to one input terminal of a control gate Q35, the other terminal of which is connected to a control switch selectively operable for disabling the gate.
The output of gate Q35 is connected by wire 1111 with the previously referred to pedal divider board 54. In normal playing, the gate Q35 is disabled and is only enabled when the organ is adjusted for playing pedal tones automatically when an accompaniment manual key is depressed.
Wire 11111 is, furthermore, connected through a diode D5 with one input of a keyer Q4, the other input of which is connected to receive major pedal tones signals. The output of keyer Q4 is connected to one input of a gate Q34, the other input of which is connected to a control switch, which is selectively operable for disabling the gate, while output of the gate is connected by wire 112 with the major pedal divider board 46 referred to in respect of FIG. 1.
' As in connection with gate 035, gate Q34 is disabled during conventional organ playing.
Keyer O3 is also adapted for being controlled from another accompaniment key switch via diode D2 and, in respect of keyer Q4, another control can be had via a diode D4.
With regard to the chording functions of key 62, this is accomplished by the chord keyers generally indicated in the dashed outline box at 36. Commencing from the bottom of the box and working upwardly there is a first keyer Q5 associated with second keyer Q6. Each of these keyers, and which are in the form of OR gates, receive at one terminal signals pertaining to the respective rank of a tone while the other input terminal is connected to a positive source by way of a resistor R7 and is also connected by way of a diode D111 with wire 1011.
The outputs of keyers Q5 and Q6 are supplied through respective resistors R3 and R9 to a wire, or buss, 114 which leads to the input side of gate 38 referred to in respect of FIG. 1, the output side of which is connected to wire W4. Gate 33 comprises an FET transistor and the control terminal thereof is connected to a terminal 117 pertaining to switch 108. It will be seen that when switch blade 1113 is in one position, signals on wire 1112 will pass through gate 311, and when it is in the other position, signals on wire 114 will pass through gate 38 to wire 1114.
The inputs of gates Q5 and Q6 supplied by diode D16 are also adapted for being supplied via diodes D6, D7, D8 and D9, each of which leads to a respective key operated switch of the accompaniment manual corresponding to switch S1 pertaining to key 62. The note supplied to buss 114 via keyers Q5 and Q6 may be, for example, the note, E.
Similar keyers are provided at Q7 and Q8 for the note G, and still other keyers are provided at Q9 and 010 for the note C. The keyers Q7 and 08 are adapted for having one input thereof controlled via diode D leading to wire 1111 and via diodes D11, D12, D13 and D14 leading to other key controlled switches.
Similarly, keyers Q9 and Q1111 have the one input terminal connected through a diode D with wire 10!) and through diodes D16, D17, D18 and D19 with switches pertaining to other keys of the accompaniment manual.
The outputs of all of the keyers contained in the group of chord keyers 36 are supplied via respective resistors to buss or wire 114.
Wire 1116 is, furthermore, connected to one input of a gate Q11 of which one input terminal is connected through a resistor to a positive source while the other terminal of gate Q11 is also connected through a resistor to a positive source and is, furthermore, connected to the collector of an NPN transistor Q33 having the emitter grounded. The base of transistor Q33 is connected through a resistor R16 to a source of plus voltage and through a resistor R11 to a diode D21 forming a part of the aforementioned cancel circuit 611.
Still further, the base terminal of transistor Q33 is connected through a resistor R12 with a terminal on which a switch blade 116 is adapted to close, the said switch blade being connected to a source of minus potential. llt will be apparent that transistor Q33 is normally conductive when blade 1 16 is open thereby holding the terminal of gate Q11 which is connected to the collector of the transistor at zero. Closing of blade 116, however, will drive transistor Q33 to nonconduction and the aforesaid terminal of gate Q11 will go to a I value.
Similarly, actuation of the cancel circuit will cause transistor Q33 to go to nonconduction. Gate Q11 is an OR gate and will have a 1 output whenever either input terminal is at l.
Turning now to the solo chord system, or the system which supplies fill-in notes to be played when a key is depressed in the solo manual, reference may be had to the dashed outline marked 24 in FIG. 2. This shows a part of the control gates pertaining to the fill-in system associated with accompaniment manual key 62.
The output of gate Q11 is connected to a wire 118 which leads to one terminal of each of the gates Q12 through Q13. The gates Q12 to Q18 are effectively disabled whenever wire 113 is at a I value. The other control terminal of each gate is connected through a respective resistor to a plus source and is, furthermore, connected through diodes with key operated switches pertaining to the solo manual.
For example, the other terminal of gate Q18 is connected through diode D46 with a switch pertaining to a key of the solo manual that can be designated A3 and also through a diode D45 with a switch pertaining to a key of the solo manual that can be identified as G 3 and also through a diode D44 with a switch pertaining to the key G3 of the solo manual and, still further, through a diode D43 with the switch pertaining to the note F 11 3 of the solo manual.
The other input terminal of gate Q17 is similarly connected with respective key switches, notes D 2, E2 and E2 of the solo manual through diodes D411, D41 and 2.
Q16 has the other input terminal, similarly connected through diodes D36, D37, D33 and D39 with respective solo manual key switches for notes B2, C2, C it 2 and D2. Gate Q15 has the other input terminal connected via diodes D31, D32, D33, D34 and D35 to the solo manual key switches for notes F 2, G2, G 2, A2 and A it 2.
Gate Q14 has the other input terminal connected via diodes D23, D29 and D311 with the solo manual key switches for notes D 1, El and F1, gate 013 has diodes D, D25, D26 and D27 connecting the other input terminal to solo key switchesfor notes B1, C1,
C l, and D1, and gate Q12 has diodes D22 and D22 connecting the other input terminal to solo keyer for notes Al and A 1.
In the note designations given above, the numerals l, 2 and 3 indicate respective octaves. Thus, note Al is in one octave, note A2 is in the next adjacent octave, and note A3 is in the next octave. Usually, the higher numeral indicates a higher note so that Al is the lowest note shown and A3 is two octaves higher.
It will, at this point, be perceived that each of the gates Q12 to Q18 is subject to the joint control of the output of gate Q11 and the output of from two to five solo key switches. Each of gates Q12 and Q18 will supply an enabling signal only when both inputs are at zero and if either input is at I, no enabling signal is supplied at the output.
Each of the gates Q12 to Q18 has two outputs, and the outputs pertaining to only one of the gates will be described. The output of gate Q12, for example, is connected through diode D51 with a wire 120 which leads to one terminal of each of three keyers O19, Q and Q21, with the said terminals normally being held positive by way of a resistor R14.
The other terminal of keyer Q19 is connected to a source of tone signals, specifically, one rank of the note C, for example, the l6 foot rank. The second terminal of keyer Q20 is connected to a source of tone signals and which may be another rank of the note C, for example, the 8 foot rank. The other input terminal of keyer Q21 is connected to still another source of tone signals and which may be still another rank of the note C, for example, the 4 foot rank.
The output of keyer Q19 is supplied to a wire 122 leading to the solo voicing circuits, and this wire may constitute a 16 foot buss. Similarly, the output of keyer Q20 is connected to a wire 124 also leading to the solo voicing circuits and this wire may constitute an 8 foot buss. Still further, the output of keyer Q21 is connected to a wire 126 which may comprise a 4 foot buss and which leads to the solo voicing circuits.
Each of the three keyers is also connected to a respective switch 52 operated by solo key 64 and which controls keyers Q19, Q20 and 021 via an isolating diode D50.
The aforementioned output side of gate Q12 is also connected through a diode D52 with a wire 128 which leads to a solo keyer system which might be, for example, the system pertaining to an E note. Wire 128 is connected to keyers pertaining to the key of E in the same manner as wire 120 is connected to keyers pertaining to the note of C.
The other outputs of gates Q12 to Q18 are connected through the diodes identified from D53 to D64 to various keyers pertaining to the solo manual in conformity with the legends shown on the drawings.
At this point, let is be assumed switch blade 108 is so adjusted that gate 38 is enabled and gate 30 is disabled and that switch blade 116 is open.
Disabling of gate 30 effectively disables at least the chord playing keys of the accompaniment manual in respect of the notes conventionally played thereby. Enabling of gate 38, at the same time, enables the selected group of keys of the accompaniment manual which form the chord playing keys, only one of which is shown in FIG. 2 at 62.
. If, now, key 62 of the accompaniment manual is depressed to close its switch 51, wire 100 will go to ground. When wire goes to ground, keyers Q1 and Q2 will be enabled, but signals therefrom cannot pass through disabled gate 30 so that the keyers are, in effect, disabled.
The keyers Q3 and Q4 pertaining to the pedal notes C and G, forming the fundamental and the fifth of the C chord, are, however, enabled and signals therefrom can pass to gates Q34 and Q35 and through the gates if these gates are enabled.
Grounding of wire 100 by closing of switch S1 also causes the control terminal of each of keyers O5 to Q10 to go to zero so that the output sides thereof are under the control of the square wave tone signal supplied to the other inputs thereof and wire 114 will be supplied with a composite signal from the several keyers Q5 to Q10 making up the chord played.
In the particular portion of the chord keyers 36 illustrated, keyers Q9 and Q10 key C notes, keyers Q7 and Q8 key G notes and keyers Q5 and Q6 key E notes. The chord supplied to buss, or wire, 114 when accompaniment key 62 is depressed is, thus, a C chord. This chord, in turn, passes through the now enabled gate 38 to wire 104 and thence to the accompaniment voicing circuits.
Others of the selected group of chord playing accompaniment keys key respective chords in a like manner.
Simultaneously with the foregoing, grounding the wire 100 causes one input terminal of Q11 to go to zero and, since transistor Q33 is conductive, due to switch blade 116 being adjusted to open position, the other input terminal of gate Q11 is also at zero, and the output of Q11 will go to zero and make the one input terminal of each of the solo chord gates Q12 to Q18 go to zero. The other input terminals of these gates are normally at l so that the outputs of gates Q12 to Q18 will all remain at l until a solo key is depressed.
If, now, a key of the solo manual is closed, say, the key Al or A I, then the other input terminal of gate Q12 will go to zero and the output terminal thereof will also go to zero and wires 120 and 128 will go to zero. When wire 120 goes to zero, keyers Q19 and Q20 and Q21 are all enabled and the tone signals pertaining thereto, namely, three ranks of the note C, will be supplied to the respective output lines 122, 124 and 126 and pass on to the solo voicing circuits.
At the same time, when wire 128 goes to zero, keyers pertaining to the note of E will be enabled so that not only is the note C supplied to the solo voicing circuits but also the note E. These notes will sound together with the note pertaining to the actuated solo key, in this case,anA,oranA#.
When a chord is produced by depressing one of the selected group of accompaniment keys which play chords, certain fill-in notes are caused to sound, in the manner described above, upon the depressing of a solo key. The fill-in notes are preferably added in the octave immediately below the depressed solo key.
The following chart shows a typical series of accompaniment chords in the left hand column with the chords identified by name while in' parentheses, immediately below the chord name, are the specific accompaniment notes that are played to develop the chord sound.
In the center column of the chart, the notes of an octave of solo keys are indicated, divided into three rows and in the third column across from each row in the middle column, are the fill-in solo notes which are added with a solo key of the pertaining row in the center column is depressed at the same time that the indicated accompaniment chord is activated by the respective chord playing key of the accompaniment manual.
ACCOMPANI- IF THIS SOLO KEY THESE SOLO NOTES MENT CHORD IS DEPRESSED ARE ADDED IN THE ACTIVATED OCTAVE BELOW THE DEPRESSED SOLO KEY Am Drf or E o F LE il A and C orG (ACE) GWorAorAilf CandE BorCorCai orD EandA D Cat orA or Awt or Dand Fall BorC (D Fil C) Cit'f or D or D# orE Fai andA ForF-gtfi orG AandD G Calf orDorDa ltor GandB EorF (GED) Eat orGrG-7l orA BandD O, A# orBorC DandG B C Fair orGorGqi 0r CandE AorAal (CEG) BorCorC# orD EandG C Dt't orEorF GandC ft F BorCorCfl orDor FandA (FAC) EorForFalfi orG AandC Gilt orAorA t CandF B EorForF# orGor B andD b il (B DF) AorAvl orBorC DandF Crl orDorD it FandB A 7 Dal? or E or F 0 1 55 A and Cal orG (G Cal E) Grit orA or Art orB Ctl and E CorCai orD EandA Dm Gil orAorAqy or Dand F BorC (DFA) Gril orDorD-z l FandA EorFor Ftl orG Aand D Gm ca orDorD-fl or Gand B b EorF I, (G B D) Fil orGorG-il B andD AorAallorBorC DandG E AW or B or C or C fi D and Gqii orD (EGy fi B) Dal o rEorForFill Gai andB GorGyl orA BandE Fm B or D or Cal or D F and A b or Dal l (FA C) EorFnrF-pl A andC GorG llt urAorA# CandF appropriate pitch will be keyed whenever a respective chord key is depressed. Still further, by the use of contill trolled gates, the bass notes can be played in the form, for example, of a fundamental and a fifth which alternate while a chord playing key is depressed.
When the organ is adjusted for playing in chord mode, which is to say, when the chord playing accompaniment manual keys are disabled with respect to the normal functions thereof are, instead, enabled for playing chords, at least the accompaniment and pedal sounds are eliminated automatically when more than one chord playing key is depressed at one time.
The features that have been stressed herein relate to the playing of chords in the solo manual or the supplying of fill-in notes to the solo part and this is accomplished only when the chord playing keys are enabled so that each chord playing key when depressed will cooperate With a key depressed in the solo manual to supply fill-in notes for the solo part within an octave range of the solo note being played and, preferably, at a lower pitch than the solo note.
The gating arrangement which brings about the playing of the fill-in notes is so interconnected with the chord playing key switches and the solo key switches that the fill-in notes sounded will always be musically related both to the chord being played and to the solo note pertaining to the solo key which is depressed.
While the fill-in in each case is made up of two notes, it will be understood that more notes could be added if so desired, and that the idea of using electronic gates and keyers in the manner disclosed lends itself to elabo rate extension of the system, but without, at the same time, involving any great cost because the gates employed are quite inexpensive and reliable.
lt will be appreciated that the keying of all of the tone signals are accomplished by electronic keyers and, accordingly, all switch noise is eliminated during the keying operationandsuperior musical results are obtained.
FIG. 3 schematically illustrates an organ having circuitry according to the present invention embodied therein. The same reference numerals are employed that are employed in FlGS. l and 2. FIG. 3 will show that the chord playing keys consist of a group of the keys of the lower manual 2% as indicated at R30.
HO. 3 shows only the two selector switches W8 and 11116., but it will be understood that further control switches could be incorporated in the circuitry in conformity with the various modes of playing referred to. For example, circuit controls and additions to the circuit illustrated could be made in conformity with US. Pat. No. 3,708,604, issued Jan. 2, 1973.
The system of the present invention uses simple single pole, single throw, switches and is, thus, reliable and inexpensive and is easily serviced.
The chord played by each chord playing key is wired in at the factory but can easily be-changed.
ln filling in, in the solo manual, the lowermost notes of the manual are not filled in but could have a single note fill-in, if desired.
Modifications may be made within the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
ll. in an electronic organ having tone generator means with a plurality of terminals for providing respective tone signal frequencies, electroacoustic transducer means for converting said tone signals to sound, and solo and accompaniment manuals each having keys; a plurality of first keyers connecting respective terminals of generator means to said transducer means, each keyer having a control terminal and transmitting tone signals in response to the supply of an enabling sig nal to said control terminal, each key of said solo manual when depressed supplying an enabling signal to the control terminal of a respective first keyer, and twoinput gate means having outputs connected to supply enabling signals to the control terminals predetermined ones of said first keyers, each gate means being operable to develop an enabling signal at the output when supplied with an enabling signal at each input simultaneously, each gate means receiving an enabling signal at one input in response to the depression of a single key of said accompaniment manual and receiving an enabling signal at the other input in response to the depression of at least one key of said solo manual.
2. An electronic organ according to claim 1 in which said two-input gate means comprises groups of twoinput gates with each group under the control of at least one key of a predetermined group of keys of the accompaniment manual, each gate of a said group of gates receiving an enabling signal at one input thereof in response to the depression of a respective key of said group of keys and receiving an enabling signal at the other input in response to the depressing of at least one key of the solo manual.
3. An electronic organ according to claim 2 which includes a two-input control gate for each of said group of gates, each control gate having an output connected to the said one input of each of the gates of the respective group of gates and supplying an enabling signal thereto when enabling signals are supplied simultaneously to both inputs of the respective control gate, each control gate receiving an enabling signal at one input in response to the depressing of the respective one of said group of keys, and selector means connected to the other inputs of said control gates and selectively operable for supplying an enabling signal to the other inputs of all of said control gates simultaneously.
4. An electronic organ according to claim 1 which includes a plurality of second keyers connecting respective terminals of said generator means to said transducer means and each having a control terminal and transmitting tone signals when the control terminal is supplied with an enabling signal, the control terminal of each second keyer adapted to be supplied with an enabling signal in response to the depression of a respective key of said accompaniment manual, a plurality of third keyer means each connecting a respective group of terminals of said generator means to said transducer means, each third keyer means having control terminal means and transmitting tone signals in re sponse to the supply of an enabling signal to the control terminal means thereof, each said third keyer means adapted to be supplied with an enabling signal at the control terminal means thereof in response to the depression of a respective key of a predetermined group of the keys of said accompaniment manual, the tone signals controlled by each said third keyer means being related as chords, and each of the keys of said group of keys being a chord playing key, and selector means operatively connected to said second keyers and said third keyer means and adjustable to permit the supply of tone signals from either of said second keyers and third keyer means to said transducer means while preventing the supply of tone signals from the other thereof to said transducer means.
5. An electronic organ according to claim 4 which includes a source of enabling signals, a first switch operated by each key of the solo manual and interposed between said source of enabling signals and the control terminal of the respective said first keyer, second switch means operated by each key of the accompaniment manual and interposed between said source of enabling signals and the control terminal of the respective said second keyer, a said second switch means also being interposed between said source of enabling signals and the control terminal means of a respective said third keyer means for each chord playing key, and third switch means connected on one side to said second keyers and third keyer means and on the other side to said transducer means and adjustable for selectively connecting either one of said second keyers and third keyer means to said transducer means while disconnecting the other thereof from said transducer means.
6. An electronic organ according to claim 4 in which said selector means includes first and second electronic switches connecting said second keyers and said third keyer means respectively to said transducer means, each electronic switch having a control terminal and going conductive when an enabling signal is supplied to the control terminal thereof, and a selector operable for connecting either of said control terminals of the electronic switches to a source of enabling signals while simultaneously disconnecting the other of the said control terminals from the said source.
7. An electronic organ according to claim 2 in which each said gate of each group of gates has the output connected to the control terminal of at least one said first keyer for a note which is within the range of an octave below the note corresponding to the key of the solo manual which is operable when depressed for supplying an enabling signal to said other input of the respective said gate.
8. An electronic organ according to claim 4 in which each said gate means comprises a group of two-input gates each operable to develop an enabling signal at the output in response to the supply of enabling signals to both inputs simultaneously, the output of each gate being connected to the control terminal of at least one said first keyer, a two-input control gate for each group of gates each operable to develop an enabling signal at the output in response to the supply of enabling signals to both inputs simultaneously, the output of each control gate being connected to one input of each gate of the respective group of gates, a first switch for each of at least some of the keys of the solo manual operable when the respective key is depressed to supply an enabling signal to one input of one gate of each group of gates, a second switch for each chord playing key operable when the respective key is depressed to supply an enabling signal to one input of the control gate for the respective group of gates, and a selector switch connected to the other inputs of said control gates and having one position wherein an enabling signal is supplied to said other inputs and another position wherein the enabling signal to said other inputs is interrupted.
9. An electronic organ according to claim 8 in which at least some of the outputs of said gates of said groups of gates are connected to the control terminals of more than one of the said first keyers.
10. An electronic organ according to claim 3 in which the notes pertaining to keyers actuated by the said gates of said groups of gates are within an octave beneath the note corresponding to the key of the solo manual which controls the respective said gate.
lll. An electronic organ according to claim 2 in which said other input of each gate of each group of gates is supplied with an enabling signal in response to the depressing of one of at least two chromatically adja cent keys of said solo manual.
12. An electronic organ according to claim 2 in which said other input of each gateof each group of gates is supplied with an enabling signal in response to the depressing of any of from two to five chromatically adjacent keys of said solo manual.
H. An electronic organ according to claim 8 in which said selector means and said selector switch can be operated in unison whereby said gates of said groups of gates are operable for actuating first keyers only when the tone signals controlled by said third keyer means are being supplied to said transducer means.
M. in an electronic organ; a tone generator having a plurality of terminals each supplying rectangular waves at a respective frequency, an electroacoustic transducer, a plurality of first and second two-input OR gates each having an output connected to said transducer and one input connected to a respective terminal of said generator, each OR gate transmitting tone signals only when the other input is at a logic 0, a source of logic voltage, a plurality of normally open first switches each having one side connected to said source and the other side connected to the other input of a respective first OR gate, a plurality of normally open second switches each having one side connected to said source and the other side connected to the other input of a respective second OR gate, solo and accompaniment manuals each having keys, a respective first switch pertaining to each key of the solo manual and a respective second switch pertaining to each key of the accompaniment manual and each key when depressed closing the respective pertaining switch, a plurality of groups of third two-input OR gates each having an output connected to the said other input of at least one of said first OR gates, each third OR gate having one input connected to the other side of a said first switch different from the said switch connected to the first OR gate to which the respective third OR gate is connected, and
means connected to the said other side of each said second switch pertaining-to a key of a predetermined group of the keys of the accompaniment manual for supplying a logic 0 simultaneously to all of the other inputs of said third OR gates of a respective group thereof.
15. An electronic organ according to claim 14 in which each third OR gate has the output connected to the said other input of at least one first OR gate that controls a tone signal which is within the range of an octave below the tone signal controlled by the first OR gate having the said other input connected to the same said first switch as the other input of the respective third OR gate.
116. An electronic organ according to claim M in which said means comprises a fourth two-input OR gate for each group of third OR gates, the output of each fourth OR gate being connected to the other inputs of the respective group of third OR gates, one input of each fourth OR gate being connected to said other side of said second switch pertaining to a respective one of said group of keys, and selector means connected to the other inputs of said fourth OR gates for selectively supplying a logic 0 to all thereof simultaneously.
117. An electronic organ according to claim 16 in which the said other side of each of the said first switches pertaining to at least a predetermined number of adjacent keys of the solo manual is connected to the said one input of one said third OR gate of each group thereof.
ll. An electronic organ according to claim 17 which includes isolating diodes between said other side of each of said first switches and said other input of each of the respective first and third OR gates and between the output of each said third OR gate and the said other inputs of the first OR gates which are connected thereto.
19. An electronic organ according to claim 16 which includes groups of further two-input OR gates each having an output connected to said transducer, one input of each further OR gate of a group thereof being connected to a respective one of a group of terminals of the generator making up tone signals for a chord, the other input of the gates of each group of further OR gates being connected to said other side of a said second switch pertaining to a respective key of said group of keys, and other selector means having one position wherein the outputs of said groups of further OR gates are prevented from being supplied to said transducer and another position wherein the outputs of said second OR gates connected to the said second switches pertaining to the keys of the accompaniment manual are prevented from being supplied to said transducer whereby each key of said group of keys is selectively operable when depressed for playing a single note or a chord.
20. An electronic organ according to claim 19 in which said first mentioned selector means and said other selector means can make said third OR gates effective in respect of controlling the said first OR gates connected thereto only when each key of said group of keys is operable to play a chord.
Zll. An electronic organ according to claim 114 in which said rectangular waves are square waves.
be operated in unison to l

Claims (21)

1. In an electronic organ having tone generator means with a plurality of terminals for providing respective tone signal frequencies, electroacoustic transducer means for converting said tone signals to sound, and solo and accompaniment manuals each having keys; a plurality of first keyers connecting respective terminals of generator means to said transducer means, each keyer having a control terminal and transmitting tone signals in response to the supply of an enabling signal to said control terminal, each key of said solo manual when depressed supplying an enabling signal to the control terminal of a respective first keyer, and two-input gate means having outputs connected to supply enabling signals to the control terminals predetermined ones of said first keyers, each gate means being operable to develop an enabling signal at the output when supplied with an enabling signal at each input simultaneously, each gate means receiving an enabling signal at one input in response to the depression of a single key of said accompaniment manual and receiving an enabling signal at the other input in response to the depression of at least one key of said solo manual.
2. An electronic organ according to claim 1 in which said two-input gate means comprises groups of two-input gates with each group under the control of at least one key of a predetermined group of keys of the accompaniment manual, each gate of a said group of gates receiving an enabling signal at one input thereof in response to the depression of a respective key of said group of keys and receiving an enabling signal at tHe other input in response to the depressing of at least one key of the solo manual.
3. An electronic organ according to claim 2 which includes a two-input control gate for each of said group of gates, each control gate having an output connected to the said one input of each of the gates of the respective group of gates and supplying an enabling signal thereto when enabling signals are supplied simultaneously to both inputs of the respective control gate, each control gate receiving an enabling signal at one input in response to the depressing of the respective one of said group of keys, and selector means connected to the other inputs of said control gates and selectively operable for supplying an enabling signal to the other inputs of all of said control gates simultaneously.
4. An electronic organ according to claim 1 which includes a plurality of second keyers connecting respective terminals of said generator means to said transducer means and each having a control terminal and transmitting tone signals when the control terminal is supplied with an enabling signal, the control terminal of each second keyer adapted to be supplied with an enabling signal in response to the depression of a respective key of said accompaniment manual, a plurality of third keyer means each connecting a respective group of terminals of said generator means to said transducer means, each third keyer means having control terminal means and transmitting tone signals in response to the supply of an enabling signal to the control terminal means thereof, each said third keyer means adapted to be supplied with an enabling signal at the control terminal means thereof in response to the depression of a respective key of a predetermined group of the keys of said accompaniment manual, the tone signals controlled by each said third keyer means being related as chords, and each of the keys of said group of keys being a chord playing key, and selector means operatively connected to said second keyers and said third keyer means and adjustable to permit the supply of tone signals from either of said second keyers and third keyer means to said transducer means while preventing the supply of tone signals from the other thereof to said transducer means.
5. An electronic organ according to claim 4 which includes a source of enabling signals, a first switch operated by each key of the solo manual and interposed between said source of enabling signals and the control terminal of the respective said first keyer, second switch means operated by each key of the accompaniment manual and interposed between said source of enabling signals and the control terminal of the respective said second keyer, a said second switch means also being interposed between said source of enabling signals and the control terminal means of a respective said third keyer means for each chord playing key, and third switch means connected on one side to said second keyers and third keyer means and on the other side to said transducer means and adjustable for selectively connecting either one of said second keyers and third keyer means to said transducer means while disconnecting the other thereof from said transducer means.
6. An electronic organ according to claim 4 in which said selector means includes first and second electronic switches connecting said second keyers and said third keyer means respectively to said transducer means, each electronic switch having a control terminal and going conductive when an enabling signal is supplied to the control terminal thereof, and a selector operable for connecting either of said control terminals of the electronic switches to a source of enabling signals while simultaneously disconnecting the other of the said control terminals from the said source.
7. An electronic organ according to claim 2 in which each said gate of each group of gates has the output connected to the control terminal of at least one said first keyer for a note which is within the range of an octave below the note Corresponding to the key of the solo manual which is operable when depressed for supplying an enabling signal to said other input of the respective said gate.
8. An electronic organ according to claim 4 in which each said gate means comprises a group of two-input gates each operable to develop an enabling signal at the output in response to the supply of enabling signals to both inputs simultaneously, the output of each gate being connected to the control terminal of at least one said first keyer, a two-input control gate for each group of gates each operable to develop an enabling signal at the output in response to the supply of enabling signals to both inputs simultaneously, the output of each control gate being connected to one input of each gate of the respective group of gates, a first switch for each of at least some of the keys of the solo manual operable when the respective key is depressed to supply an enabling signal to one input of one gate of each group of gates, a second switch for each chord playing key operable when the respective key is depressed to supply an enabling signal to one input of the control gate for the respective group of gates, and a selector switch connected to the other inputs of said control gates and having one position wherein an enabling signal is supplied to said other inputs and another position wherein the enabling signal to said other inputs is interrupted.
9. An electronic organ according to claim 8 in which at least some of the outputs of said gates of said groups of gates are connected to the control terminals of more than one of the said first keyers.
10. An electronic organ according to claim 8 in which the notes pertaining to keyers actuated by the said gates of said groups of gates are within an octave beneath the note corresponding to the key of the solo manual which controls the respective said gate.
11. An electronic organ according to claim 2 in which said other input of each gate of each group of gates is supplied with an enabling signal in response to the depressing of one of at least two chromatically adjacent keys of said solo manual.
12. An electronic organ according to claim 2 in which said other input of each gate of each group of gates is supplied with an enabling signal in response to the depressing of any of from two to five chromatically adjacent keys of said solo manual.
13. An electronic organ according to claim 8 in which said selector means and said selector switch can be operated in unison whereby said gates of said groups of gates are operable for actuating first keyers only when the tone signals controlled by said third keyer means are being supplied to said transducer means.
14. In an electronic organ; a tone generator having a plurality of terminals each supplying rectangular waves at a respective frequency, an electroacoustic transducer, a plurality of first and second two-input OR gates each having an output connected to said transducer and one input connected to a respective terminal of said generator, each OR gate transmitting tone signals only when the other input is at a logic 0, a source of logic 0 voltage, a plurality of normally open first switches each having one side connected to said source and the other side connected to the other input of a respective first OR gate, a plurality of normally open second switches each having one side connected to said source and the other side connected to the other input of a respective second OR gate, solo and accompaniment manuals each having keys, a respective first switch pertaining to each key of the solo manual and a respective second switch pertaining to each key of the accompaniment manual and each key when depressed closing the respective pertaining switch, a plurality of groups of third two-input OR gates each having an output connected to the said other input of at least one of said first OR gates, each third OR gate having one input connected to the other side of a said first switch different from the said sWitch connected to the first OR gate to which the respective third OR gate is connected, and means connected to the said other side of each said second switch pertaining to a key of a predetermined group of the keys of the accompaniment manual for supplying a logic 0 simultaneously to all of the other inputs of said third OR gates of a respective group thereof.
15. An electronic organ according to claim 14 in which each third OR gate has the output connected to the said other input of at least one first OR gate that controls a tone signal which is within the range of an octave below the tone signal controlled by the first OR gate having the said other input connected to the same said first switch as the other input of the respective third OR gate.
16. An electronic organ according to claim 14 in which said means comprises a fourth two-input OR gate for each group of third OR gates, the output of each fourth OR gate being connected to the other inputs of the respective group of third OR gates, one input of each fourth OR gate being connected to said other side of said second switch pertaining to a respective one of said group of keys, and selector means connected to the other inputs of said fourth OR gates for selectively supplying a logic 0 to all thereof simultaneously.
17. An electronic organ according to claim 16 in which the said other side of each of the said first switches pertaining to at least a predetermined number of adjacent keys of the solo manual is connected to the said one input of one said third OR gate of each group thereof.
18. An electronic organ according to claim 17 which includes isolating diodes between said other side of each of said first switches and said other input of each of the respective first and third OR gates and between the output of each said third OR gate and the said other inputs of the first OR gates which are connected thereto.
19. An electronic organ according to claim 16 which includes groups of further two-input OR gates each having an output connected to said transducer, one input of each further OR gate of a group thereof being connected to a respective one of a group of terminals of the generator making up tone signals for a chord, the other input of the gates of each group of further OR gates being connected to said other side of a said second switch pertaining to a respective key of said group of keys, and other selector means having one position wherein the outputs of said groups of further OR gates are prevented from being supplied to said transducer and another position wherein the outputs of said second OR gates connected to the said second switches pertaining to the keys of the accompaniment manual are prevented from being supplied to said transducer whereby each key of said group of keys is selectively operable when depressed for playing a single note or a chord.
20. An electronic organ according to claim 19 in which said first mentioned selector means and said other selector means can be operated in unison to make said third OR gates effective in respect of controlling the said first OR gates connected thereto only when each key of said group of keys is operable to play a chord.
21. An electronic organ according to claim 14 in which said rectangular waves are square waves.
US34998773 1973-04-11 1973-04-11 Chord playing organ including a circuit arrangement for adding fill-in notes to the solo part Expired - Lifetime US3823246A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3908502A (en) * 1974-06-12 1975-09-30 Wurlitzer Co Electronic organ with chord control
US3918341A (en) * 1974-03-25 1975-11-11 Baldwin Co D H Automatic chord and rhythm system for electronic organ
US3990339A (en) * 1974-10-23 1976-11-09 Kimball International, Inc. Electric organ and method of operation
USRE29144E (en) * 1974-03-25 1977-03-01 D. H. Baldwin Company Automatic chord and rhythm system for electronic organ
FR2355352A1 (en) * 1976-06-16 1978-01-13 Bergman Sune Electrical musical instrument with master oscillator - has frequency dividers and facility for player to modify notes in harmony of pattern established
US4112802A (en) * 1976-12-20 1978-09-12 Kimball International, Inc. Organ circuitry for providing fill notes and method of operating the organ
US4159663A (en) * 1976-10-28 1979-07-03 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instrument with different types of tone forming systems
US4197777A (en) * 1975-06-12 1980-04-15 The Wurlitzer Company Automatic chord control circuit for electronic musical instruments
US4205576A (en) * 1978-10-12 1980-06-03 Kawai Musical Instrument Mfg. Co. Ltd. Automatic harmonic interval keying in an electronic musical instrument
US4223584A (en) * 1978-01-10 1980-09-23 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instrument
EP0016883A1 (en) * 1979-04-06 1980-10-15 Kimball International, Inc. Organ circuit and method of operation
EP0031598A2 (en) * 1979-12-28 1981-07-08 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instruments having automatic ensemble function
US4296665A (en) * 1980-05-12 1981-10-27 Kimball International, Inc. Fill note generator for electronic organ
US4311076A (en) * 1980-01-07 1982-01-19 Whirlpool Corporation Electronic musical instrument with harmony generation
US4329550A (en) * 1980-05-12 1982-05-11 Mccann's Engineering & Manufacturing Company Delayed action liquid level sensing apparatus
US4328732A (en) * 1979-10-09 1982-05-11 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instrument capable of fill-note generation
US4331057A (en) * 1976-12-29 1982-05-25 The Wurlitzer Company Automatic chord control circuit for electronic musical instruments

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3918341A (en) * 1974-03-25 1975-11-11 Baldwin Co D H Automatic chord and rhythm system for electronic organ
USRE29144E (en) * 1974-03-25 1977-03-01 D. H. Baldwin Company Automatic chord and rhythm system for electronic organ
US3908502A (en) * 1974-06-12 1975-09-30 Wurlitzer Co Electronic organ with chord control
US3990339A (en) * 1974-10-23 1976-11-09 Kimball International, Inc. Electric organ and method of operation
US4197777A (en) * 1975-06-12 1980-04-15 The Wurlitzer Company Automatic chord control circuit for electronic musical instruments
FR2355352A1 (en) * 1976-06-16 1978-01-13 Bergman Sune Electrical musical instrument with master oscillator - has frequency dividers and facility for player to modify notes in harmony of pattern established
US4159663A (en) * 1976-10-28 1979-07-03 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instrument with different types of tone forming systems
US4112802A (en) * 1976-12-20 1978-09-12 Kimball International, Inc. Organ circuitry for providing fill notes and method of operating the organ
US4331057A (en) * 1976-12-29 1982-05-25 The Wurlitzer Company Automatic chord control circuit for electronic musical instruments
US4223584A (en) * 1978-01-10 1980-09-23 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instrument
US4205576A (en) * 1978-10-12 1980-06-03 Kawai Musical Instrument Mfg. Co. Ltd. Automatic harmonic interval keying in an electronic musical instrument
EP0016883A1 (en) * 1979-04-06 1980-10-15 Kimball International, Inc. Organ circuit and method of operation
US4328732A (en) * 1979-10-09 1982-05-11 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instrument capable of fill-note generation
EP0031598A2 (en) * 1979-12-28 1981-07-08 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instruments having automatic ensemble function
EP0031598B1 (en) * 1979-12-28 1984-03-21 Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic musical instruments having automatic ensemble function
US4311076A (en) * 1980-01-07 1982-01-19 Whirlpool Corporation Electronic musical instrument with harmony generation
US4296665A (en) * 1980-05-12 1981-10-27 Kimball International, Inc. Fill note generator for electronic organ
US4329550A (en) * 1980-05-12 1982-05-11 Mccann's Engineering & Manufacturing Company Delayed action liquid level sensing apparatus

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