US3819524A - Cosmetic composition for thermal dispensing - Google Patents

Cosmetic composition for thermal dispensing Download PDF

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US3819524A
US3819524A US31172172A US3819524A US 3819524 A US3819524 A US 3819524A US 31172172 A US31172172 A US 31172172A US 3819524 A US3819524 A US 3819524A
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hydrogen peroxide
composition
reaction
compartment
discharged
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W Schubert
J Marshall
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Colgate-Palmolive Co
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Colgate-Palmolive Co
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/0043For use with aerosol devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/02Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by special physical form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q5/00Preparations for care of the hair
    • A61Q5/04Preparations for permanent waving or straightening the hair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q9/00Preparations for removing hair or for aiding hair removal
    • A61Q9/02Shaving preparations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/20Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of the composition as a whole
    • A61K2800/24Thermal properties
    • A61K2800/242Exothermic; Self-heating; Heating sensation

Abstract

An aqueous cosmetic composition for thermal dispensing containing (a) a compound capable of exothermic oxidationreduction reaction with hydrogen peroxide selected from the group consisting of ascorbic acid, its salts and esters and (b) a metal salt catalyst to accelerate the reaction. The composition may be pressurized in one compartment of a two compartment container provided with a co-dispensing valve with hydrogen peroxide in the other compartment so that, upon actuation of valve, the liquids from the two compartments are thoroughly mixed as they are discharged, react and release the heat of reaction to warm the discharged product.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Schubert et al,

11 3,819,524 June 25, 1974 I COSMETIC COMPOSITION FOR THERMAL DISPENSING 4 {75] Inventors: Warren Robert Schubert, Somerset,

N.J.; James Richard Marshall,

Pittsford, N.Y.

[73] Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Company, New York, N.Y.

[22] Filed: Dec. 7, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 311,721

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 834,144, June 17,

1969, abandoned. I

[52] US. Cl 252/90, 252/188, 424/73 [51] Int. Cl ..'.C1ld 9/42 [58] Field of Search 252/90, 105, 188; 424/73 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/1967 -Moses et al 424/73 3,488,287 /1965 Seglin et al. 252/90 3,708,431 l/l973 Prussin 252/90 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 760,659 ll/l956 Great Britain 424/73 OTHER PUBLICATIONS Rose, The Cond. Chem Dict., 1966, Vol. 7, Reinhold Publ. Co., p. 87.

Primary Examiner-William E. Schultz Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ronald S. Cornell; Herbert S. Sylvester; Murray M. Grill [5 7] ABSTRACT An aqueous cosmetic composition for thermal dispensing containing (a) a compound capable of exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction with hydrogen peroxide selected from the group consisting of ascorbic acid, its salts and esters and'(b) a metal salt cata- 2 Claims, No Drawings COSMETIC COMPOSITION FOR THERMAL DISPENSING valve and the hydrogen peroxide will be placed in the 1 other compartment. The composition contains a compound capable of an exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction with the hydrogen peroxide and a metal salt catalyst to accelerate the reaction. When the valve is actuated the two liquids are thoroughly mixed as they are discharged, which brings the compound, catalyst and hydrogen peroxide into intimate contact so that they react and release the heat of reaction to warm the discharged product. The materials from both chambers are discharged by suitable means such as a liquefied gaseous propellant which can be in both chambers, or, as when a flexible barrier of known type is used between chambers, then only in one chamber of the two compartment container. In some instances the liquefied gaseous material has a second function such as causing a product to foam. In such products, as in shave cream formulations, it is appropriate to include liquefied gaseous material in the chamber containing the material to be foamed.

Products of the general character are known in the dispensing art and have been described in the literature. An article entitled HOT SHAVE TECHNOLOGY in AEROSOL AGE, March 1968, pages l92l described an aerosol shave cream containing potassium sulfite which is pressurized in one compartment of a two compartment container provided with a codispensing valve and havinghydrogen peroxide in the other compartment. When the valve is actuated to discharge the product, the shave cream liquid and the hydrogen peroxide are thoroughly mixed so that the hydrogen peroxide and potassium sulfite are brought into intimate contact and react. The heat of reaction which is released warms the shave cream. AEROSOL AGE, October 1968, page 97, describes a hot foam hair con ditioner which is similarly packaged. Each ofthese articles also describes suitable propellants, containers and valves for a product of this type. Various other known systems can be used such as that described in US. Pat. No. 2,973,883 which discloses a container having a flexible tube therein with the propellant only in the space surrounding the tube. The pressure around the tube causes its collapse when the valve is opened, thereby forcing the ingredients from the tube as well as from the surrounding chamber. US. Pat. No. 3,451,593 discloses a package in which both compartments are pressurized. All of the above prior art is incorporated herein by reference.

The use of inorganic sulfites, eg sodium and potassium sulfites, in cosmetics emulsion systems creates problems of compatability which rather seriously limit the freedom to formulate these products as desired. Moreover the sulfites and their reaction products with hydrogen peroxide may cause irritation to the skin of many users of the products.

The present invention is based upon the discovery that ascorbic acid, its salts and esters, together wih a metal salt catalyst to accelerate the reaction with hydrogen peroxide, can be used in cosmetic compositions for thermal dispensing. The organic ascorbic acid, its salts and esters, have better compatability in emulsion systems used in cosmetics than inorganic alkali metal 0 sulfites so that freedom of formulation is greatly expanded as compared with composition containing potassium or sodium sulfite. These organic compounds, moreover, also have the distinct advantage of being much less irritating to the skin than the inorganic compounds.

The pH of .cosmetic compositions may vary from about 5 to about 10. Many cleansing compositions, skin creams and the like, are formulated on the slightly acid side, e.g. at a pH within the range of about 5 to 7, so as to approximate the natural pH of normal skin which is on the slightly acid side. Compositions containing anionic surfactants, such as many shave creamscontain, are formulated on the alkaline side, e.g. within a pH range of about 9-1O.5.v Shave creams and other cosmetic' compositions containing non-ionic surfactants have a greater range of possible latitude of pH and may be formulated to have a pH on the slightly acid side, or they may be approximately neutral having a pH of about 7'or they may be on the alkaline side within a pH range from 7 to about 10.

The ascorbic acid esters may be used in cosmetic compositions within the entire pH range from about 5 to 10. If the cosmetic composition is formulated on the slightly acid side, ascorbic acid may also be used. On the other hand if theforrnulation has a pH on the alkaline side, ascorbic acid salts may be used as well as the esters.

Any compatible metal salt catalyst capable of accelarating the reaction between ascorbic acid, its salts and esters, and hydrogen peroxide may be used. Platinum metal halides, e.g., palladium chloride, are satisfactory catalysts in many applications but in general it has been found preferable to use molybdenum salts. Among the preferred salts are ammonium 6- molybdoferrate, -nickelate and -cobaltate. Alkali metal molybdates, such as sodium and potassium molybdate, are also among the preferred catalyst salts. Other include alkanol amine molybdates, such as triethanolamine molybdate.

The ascorbic acid esters that may be used with particular' advantage include ascorbyl palmitate, myristate, stearate and the like.

The cosmetic composition used in the present invention may be formulated in general as heretofore with the mere addition of the ascorbic acid compound and the catalyst. Preferred cosmetic compositions include shaving cream, hot facials, hair conditioners, hair waving and straightening compositions and the like.

The effectiveness of the ascorbic acid compoundsto increase the temperature of a cosmetic composition formulated in accordance with the present invention is illustrated in the following table:

3,819,524 3 4 T -eCollli l ssl GRAMS TEA GRAMS GRAMS TEMPERATURES F. MOLYB- ASCORBATE DlC ACID 11,0, INITIAL AFTER TIME 9 l I 77 I37 I 70 sec. I I I0 w 77 I41 45 sec. 21 I I0 76 I45 30 sec. 3l 1 78 146 sec.

The following specific examples illustrates complete cosmetic formulations illustrative of the present inventlonl M i EXAMPLE I Foaming cosmetic compositionof thenonionic sur- 5 factant type are formulated within the indicated ranges and as exemplified in the two specific products:

INGREDIENTS RANGE SHAVE CREAM CLEANSING c PRODUCT Nomionic 1 f M5 100 10.0 LMDEA (2) 0-l 0.5 0.5 Stearic Acid 0-5 1 0.5 1 0.5 Glycerine 5-15 10.0 10.0 Silicone Fluid (3) 0-2 1.0 1.0 Lanolin (4) O-1 0.5 0.5 Fatty Alcohol (5) O-l. 0.5 0.5 Mineral Oil 0-20 10.0 Ascorbic Acid 545 10.0 10.0 Perfume O-l 0.5 Water Balance Balance Balance (1) Polyoxyethylene (4) sorbitan monostearate (Atlas Tween 61) (2) Laurie myrislic diethanolamine (3) Dow Corning 472 hydrophllic polyglycols copolymenzed with hydrophobic polydirnethylsiloxane chains (4) Ethoxylated lanolin, a natural hydroxy ester of lanolin reacted. with ethylene oxide (Croda Sola (5) Self emulsifying 'slearyl/celyl alcohol (Croda Polawax A-31) EXAM PLE II A shave cream of the anionic surfactant type is formulated within the indicated ranges and as exemplified in theispecific product'as follows:

INGREDIENTS RANGE PREFERRED PREFERRED RANGE COMPOSITION Stearic Acid 5-15 8-10 8.60 Coconut oil fatty acids 0-5 1-5 1.20 v LM DEA 0-4 0.5-3 5 1.20 7

Tween 61 0-3 0.5-3 1.00 Glycerine (l10 1-10 5.00 KOH (33.01%) Q8 08 3.77 NaOH (19.1% Nap) OS ()8 1.12 Coconut Oil 03 0.1-3 0.30 Perfume (1-2 .5-1 0.75 TEA ASCORBATE (70%) (Ratio TEA:Acid 4:5) Q8 08 15.00 Water Balance Balance Balance 5 INGREDIENTS The fatty acids react with the bases to form a sodium RANGE 1r, PREFERRED potassium soap. .QQMPQSmON Cetyl Alcohol 04 1.00 EXAMPLE Methyll parasept 8:5 8.20 A t Propy parasept .l .05 ho cleansing cream is formulated within the 1nd: TEA Momma, (2) 54 5 10.00 cated range and as exempllfied 1n the specific product water Balance Balance as follows:

l) CNI-Cmpreferably triple pressed stcuric acid (2) Same as used in Example ll INGREDIENTS RANGE 71 PREFERRED COMPOSITION '7, 5 The fatty acid reacts wlth TEA to form a trl-ethanol amine soap. M lOl 0 xij i 9: 238 In each case the formulation is packaged in one com- TEA Q5 1 EQELWELQLELWQ-s mpstt c t in P l with a co-dispensing valve and having hydrogen peroxide in the other compartment. Any suitable propellant may be used to dispense the liquid composition and hydrogen peroxide including lower hydrocarbons, e.g. propane and butane, and lower chlorinated and fluorinated alkanes particularly those having up to 2 carbon atoms per molecule such as propellants ll (trichlorofluoromethane), l2 (dichlorodifluoromethane), l 13 (trichlorotrifluoroethane), 114 (dichlorotetrafluoroethane, symmetrical), etc. The proportion of propellant to aqueous liquid may varyfrom about 2 percent .for propane up to 15 percent for propellants 12 and 114 in suitable proportions to give the desired pressure. In general the foam of the products becomes drier or less moist as the proportion of propellant increases.

In compositions of the nonionic surfactant type, as illustrated in Example I, the surfactant is one which is mbl o f rmin iqamLis r us n, discharge scribed. The polyoxyethylene adducts of polylydric alcohol esters of fatty acids, and particularly the one having 4 molecules of ethylene oxide condensed with sorbitan monooleate, are excellent nonionic surfactants for such products. A humectant should be present in these compositions to prevent a drying effect on the skin. In these compositions LMDE A serves as a foam stabilizer and is a desirable, but not essential ingredient. The higher fatty acid exemplified by stearic' acid serves as a superfatting agent and gives an emollient feel to the product when applied to the skin. It or an equivalent superfatting agent is preferred but not essential. The glycerine serves to control viscosity, solubilities of other ingredients and as a humectant. It or an equivalent solubilizer is essential. The silicone fluid,

which serves as a spreading agent in such compositions and contributes lubricity to a shave cream, also is a desirable but not essential ingredient. The fatty alcohol (Polawax A-31) promotes foaming, foam stability and foam body. It is also a desirable but not essential ingredient.

In compositions of the anionic surfactant type, as exemplified in Examples II and III, the proportion of anionic surfactant present in the aqueous composition may vary from about 3 to percent by weight. In general it is preferred to have a slight excess of fatty acid over base (potassium and sodium hydroxide in Example II and triethanol amine (TEA) in Example III) to give the lather an emollient effect and this may be enhanced by a small proportion of an oil such as coconut oil which is not saponified by the base. Glycerine is a desirable ingredient to impart humectant properties to the composition but is'not essential. The Tween 61 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate) and the LMDEA, which serve as foam improving additives, giving the product on dispensing greater stability and body, are also desirable ingredients but may be omitted if the particular properties they add are not considered necessary by the formulator. Cetyl alcohol serves as an emollient and may be used or not as the formulator chooses. The parasepts are preservatives, used optionally as desired.

In all these compositions water is an essential ingrediies with the amount of hydrogen peroxide used and hence is given in the tables of ranges as QS, preferably being in slight excess so that all the hyrogen peroxide is consumed in the reaction to prevent bleaching of the skin. The temperature to which the product rises on discharge will vary with the proportions of these compounds used in each package. In general the proportion of ascorbic acid compound may vary from 5 to 25 percent. In all the formulations the percentages are by weight.

The foregoing products are illustrative only of aqueous cosmetic compositions that may be formulated for use in accordance with the present invention which fundamentally involves such a composition of any desired composition and properties which is to be dispensed in heated condition as a result of the presence group consisting of ascorbic acid, its salts and esters and a metal salt catalyst capable of accelerating the reaction thereof with hydrogen peroxide which is admixed therewith in the dispensing operation by a 'codispensing valve.

Although the invention has been described and illustrated in conjunction with certain specific formulations, these have been given by way of illustration and not limitation and it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto but is of the scope set forth in the following claims.

We claim:

l. A package comprising (a) a con t airier having two compartments for a co-dispensing valve; (b) a shave cream composition for thermal dispensing which comprises 5 to 15 percent by weight of stearic acid, 5 to 25 percent by weight of an ascorbic acid compound selected from the group consisting of ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl myristate, ascorbyl stearate, and triethanolamine ascorbate, a metal salt catalyst selected from the group consisting of palladium chloride, ammonium 6-molybdoferrate, ammonium 6- molybdonickelate, ammonium 6-molybdocobaltate, and sodium, potassium, and triethanolamine molybdate, the ratio by weight of said metal salt catalyst to said ascorbic acid compound being 1:6 to 1:31, topH of said shave cream composition being adjusted with sodium and potassium hydroxides to a pH ranging from 9 to 10.5, and a balance of water; (c) hydrogen peroxide; and (d) a propellant; said ascorbic acid compound being capable of an exothermic oxidation-reduction with said hydrogen peroxide, and said metal salt catalyst being capable of accelerating said reaction; said shave cream composition being in,one compartment of said container, and said hydrogen peroxide being in the other; said propellant being present to dispense said shave cream composition and said hydrogen peroxide through said valve, whereby when said co-dispensing valve is actuated said hydrogen peroxide is mixed with the ingredients of the other compartment as they are discharged, and said ascorbic acid compound reacts with said hydrogen peroxide in the presence of said catalyst to release the heat of reaction to warm the shave cream composition being discharged.

LA pac kage comprising a conta1ner having two" compartments and a co-dispensing valve; (b) a composition comprising a shaving cream; a compound capable of an exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction with hydrogen peroxide said compound being selected from the group consisting of ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl myristate, ascorbyl stearate, and triethanolamine ascorbate; a metal salt catalyst capable of acshave cream composition and the hydrogen peroxide. whereby when said co-dispensing-valve is actuated, said hydrogen peroxide is mixed with the ingredients of the other compartment as they are discharged and said compound and hydrogen peroxide react in the presence of said catalyst and release the heat of reaction to warm the aqueous shaving composition being discharged.

Claims (1)

  1. 2. A package comprising (a) container having two compartments and a co-dispensing valve; (b) a composition comprising a shaving cream; a compound capable of an exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction with hydrogen peroxide said compound being selected from the group consisting of ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl myristate, ascorbyl stearate, and triethanolamine ascorbate; a metal salt catalyst capable of accelerating said reaction selected from the groups consisting of palladium chloride, ammonium 6-molybdoferrate, ammonium 6-molybdonickelate, ammonium 6-molybdocobaltate, and sodium potassium and triethanolamine molybdate; and water; (c) hydrogen peroxide; and (d) propellant; said shave cream composition being in one compartment, and said hydrogen peroxide being in the other compartment, with said propellant being present to dispense both said shave cream composition and the hydrogen peroxide, whereby when said co-dispensing valve is actuated, said hydrogen peroxide is mixed with the ingredients of the other compartment as they are discharged and said compound and hydrogen peroxide react in the presence of said catalyst and release the heat of reaction to warm the aqueous shaving composition being discharged.
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Cited By (46)

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US4839081A (en) * 1988-06-07 1989-06-13 Colgate-Palmolive Company Autogenously heated liquid soap composition
US5002680A (en) * 1985-03-01 1991-03-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Mild skin cleansing aerosol mousse with skin feel and moisturization benefits
US5744439A (en) * 1995-02-01 1998-04-28 Reckitt & Colman Products Limited Compositions and process for bleaching surfaces and/or removing limescale therefrom
FR2804020A1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-27 Oreal Composition, especially shampoo, for washing keratin materials, comprising aqueous detergent surfactant preparation containing sorbitan ester with low degree of ethoxylation to reduce ocular irritation
US20040063600A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-04-01 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Manual spray cleaner
US20040067890A1 (en) * 2002-10-04 2004-04-08 Gupta Shyam K. Ascorbic acid salts of organic bases with enhanced bioavailability for synergictic anti-aging and skin protective cosmetic compositions
US20040166086A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-26 Gurusamy Manivannan Shave gel products
WO2004075869A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-09-10 The Gillette Company Shave gel products
US20040180802A1 (en) * 2003-03-12 2004-09-16 Hubig Stephan M. Prespotting treatment employing singlet oxygen
US20060029565A1 (en) * 2004-08-09 2006-02-09 The Gillette Company Self-heating shave foam product
US20060029566A1 (en) * 2004-08-09 2006-02-09 The Gillette Company Self-heating non-aerosol shave product
GB2447407A (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-17 Roland Timothy Meli Self-heating shaving composition
US20090108021A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2009-04-30 Bissell Homecare, Inc. Manual sprayer with dual bag-on-valve assembly
US20110045037A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2011-02-24 Foamix Ltd. Foam containing benzoyl peroxide
US20110178162A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2011-07-21 Medical University Of South Carolina Targeting pax2 for the induction of defb1-mediated tumor immunity and cancer therapy
US8114385B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2012-02-14 Foamix Ltd. Oleaginous pharmaceutical and cosmetic foam
US8119106B2 (en) 2003-04-28 2012-02-21 Foamix Ltd Foamable iodine compositions
US8119109B2 (en) 2002-10-25 2012-02-21 Foamix Ltd. Foamable compositions, kits and methods for hyperhidrosis
US8119150B2 (en) 2002-10-25 2012-02-21 Foamix Ltd. Non-flammable insecticide composition and uses thereof
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US8362091B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2013-01-29 Foamix Ltd. Foamable vehicle and pharmaceutical compositions thereof
US8435498B2 (en) 2002-10-25 2013-05-07 Foamix Ltd. Penetrating pharmaceutical foam
US8486374B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2013-07-16 Foamix Ltd. Hydrophilic, non-aqueous pharmaceutical carriers and compositions and uses
US8486376B2 (en) 2002-10-25 2013-07-16 Foamix Ltd. Moisturizing foam containing lanolin
US8512718B2 (en) 2000-07-03 2013-08-20 Foamix Ltd. Pharmaceutical composition for topical application
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US8795635B2 (en) 2006-11-14 2014-08-05 Foamix Ltd. Substantially non-aqueous foamable petrolatum based pharmaceutical and cosmetic compositions and their uses
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US9072667B2 (en) 2009-07-29 2015-07-07 Foamix Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Non surface active agent non polymeric agent hydro-alcoholic foamable compositions, breakable foams and their uses
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Cited By (90)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5002680A (en) * 1985-03-01 1991-03-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Mild skin cleansing aerosol mousse with skin feel and moisturization benefits
US4839081A (en) * 1988-06-07 1989-06-13 Colgate-Palmolive Company Autogenously heated liquid soap composition
EP0411220A1 (en) * 1988-06-07 1991-02-06 Colgate-Palmolive Company Autogenously heated liquid soap composition
US5744439A (en) * 1995-02-01 1998-04-28 Reckitt & Colman Products Limited Compositions and process for bleaching surfaces and/or removing limescale therefrom
US6127330A (en) * 1995-02-01 2000-10-03 Reckitt & Colman Products Limited Compositions and process for bleaching surfaces and/or removing limescale therefrom
US6265366B1 (en) 1995-02-01 2001-07-24 Reckitt Benckiser (Uk) Limited Process for bleaching surfaces
FR2804020A1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-27 Oreal Composition, especially shampoo, for washing keratin materials, comprising aqueous detergent surfactant preparation containing sorbitan ester with low degree of ethoxylation to reduce ocular irritation
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