US3814545A - Hydrogas lift system - Google Patents

Hydrogas lift system Download PDF

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US3814545A
US3814545A US32502873A US3814545A US 3814545 A US3814545 A US 3814545A US 32502873 A US32502873 A US 32502873A US 3814545 A US3814545 A US 3814545A
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power fluid
fluid
tube
production
power
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W Waters
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W Waters
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/12Methods or apparatus for controlling the flow of the obtained fluid to or in wells
    • E21B43/121Lifting well fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04FPUMPING OF FLUID BY DIRECT CONTACT OF ANOTHER FLUID OR BY USING INERTIA OF FLUID TO BE PUMPED; SIPHONS
    • F04F1/00Pumps using positively or negatively pressurised fluid medium acting directly on the liquid to be pumped
    • F04F1/06Pumps using positively or negatively pressurised fluid medium acting directly on the liquid to be pumped the fluid medium acting on the surface of the liquid to be pumped
    • F04F1/08Pumps using positively or negatively pressurised fluid medium acting directly on the liquid to be pumped the fluid medium acting on the surface of the liquid to be pumped specially adapted for raising liquids from great depths, e.g. in wells

Abstract

A power fluid is pumped downwardly through a power fluid tube toward the bottom of a well. The power fluid, due to pressure placed on the power oil fluid by a surface pump, forces the production fluid through a check valve and upwardly through a production fluid tube to the surface of the wall. Compressed gas is used to withdraw the power fluid from the power fluid tube so that the production fluid may again rise to the level of the production fluid tube and the pumping cycle is thereafter repeated. The power oil may also be removed by swabbing, rod pump, rotary pump, or any other form of artificial lift which may be applicable to the well.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Waters June 4, 1974 HYDROGAS LIFT SYSTEM Primary Examiner-Carlton R. Croyle [76] Inventor: William Eugene Waters, Apartado Ass'smm bxammerl z'chard Gluck 232 Maracaibo. Venezuela Attorney, Agent. or Firm-John J. Byrne [22) Filed: Jun. [9. 1973 [57] ABSTRACT [2| 1 Appl- 3251028 A power fluid is pumped downwardly through a power fluid tube toward the bottom of a well. The power {52} us. (:1 417/90, 417/92, 417/109 fluid. due to pressure Placed on the Power Oil fluid y 1511 1m. (:1 F04f 11/00, F04f 1/20 a surface p p forces the production fluid through a 5 Field Search H 417/92 10 54 55 99 check valve and upwardly through a production fluid 7 03 3 09 1 1 1, 90 tube to the surface of the wall. Compressed gas is used V to withdraw the power fluid from the power fluid tube so that the production fluid may again rise to the level [56] References and of the production fluid tube and the pumping cycle is UNITED STATES PATENTS thereafter repeated. The power oil may also be re- 3.215.087 11/1965 McLeod 417/92 moved by swabbing, rod pump, rotary pump, or any 3,653.71? /1 72 Rich et ul- /55 X other form of artificial lift which may be applicable to the well.

3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures COMPRESSOR i fi f 50 M v 44 M 36 54 42 I0 t/W 36 p [3* 4 J 40 I J /2 5 v I f PATENIEDJUH 4 I974 SHEET 2 BF 2 COMPRESSOR HYDROGAS LIFT SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates generally to the pumping or lifting of a subsurface liquid by a liquid of a lower density. The lower density liquid is drawn toward the surface again by means of compressed gas. The compressed gas and the liquid are then separated at the surface and recycled in subsequent pumping operations. If another form of artificial lift is used, then the separator and gas compression system may be eliminated.

2. Description of the Prior Art Prior art oil pumping systems oftentimes depend on natural oil pressure, artificial suction, or the injection of a gas or liquid to drive or draw petroleum to the surface. Typical of such systems is that disclosed in the Rich et al. U.S. Pat. No. 3,653,717 which depicts a system for lifting enriched solvents in solution mining wells by means of a liquid immiscible with, and lighter than, the solvent which is extracted.

There are several drawbacks to the prior art methods of operation. For instance, at great well depths, the efficiency and capacity decrease. Also, prior art systems often require the use of means to cope with high pressures at the surface. This often requires the installation of expensive. low-capacity equipment which renders such systems uneconomical. Moreover, many prior art systems cannot control the large drops in pressure that may occur in an oil well. A further problem with prior art systems is that when gas lift valves are used in cooperation with compressed gas to lift crude petroleum from a well, the crude will frequently emulsify and become a foam. Typically, the foam is of very light density and little crude is brought to the surface in this manner. It is difficult to separate compressed gas from the crude petroleum once the foam reaches the surface. The present invention provides an improved solution to these problems.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is designed to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art as described above. Also, a system has been provided that is rugged and simple and contains few moving parts. A principal advantage of the gas-hydraulic system described herein is that maintenance costs are kept to a minimum. The working environment of an oil field demands that all equipment have the capability to withstand rough daily punishment.

With this in mind, a system has beendeveloped using both gas and a power fluid in an artificial lift system. A power fluid is pumped down a power fluid tube into an enclosed chamber at the bottom of the pipe string. The bottom of the chamber includes a check valve permitting the production fluid to enter the chamber when the pressure above the valve is lower than the pressure below the valve. As the power fluid is pumped into the chamber, production fluid is forced upwardly via a dip tube and through a discharge type check valve into a production tube. Compressed gas may be used to withdraw the power fluid or other conventional forms of artifical lift may be employed to evacuate the power oil from the power oil string.

A principal object of this system is to accomplish pumping from very deep wells with a high pumping efficiency.

Another object of this invention is to be able to control the well from the surface, thus eliminating the high cost of a work-over rig if one is necessary.

A further object is to develop a hydraulic pump with a relatively low surface pressure requirement and which is rugged and requires few moving parts.

A still further object of this invention is to increase the rate of production of an oil well while maintaining the pressure at the bottom of the well relatively constant.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For a better understanding of the invention, reference is made to the following description of representative embodiments thereof and to the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic depicting the hydrogas lift system at the end of the power fluid pump cycle when the power fluid in the power oil storage reservoir has reached the level of the low level control. The power fluid in the power fluid tubing is returned back to the power fluid reservoirvia a separator by means of compressed gas introduced into the power fluid tubing; and

FIG. 2 shows the hydrogas lift system of FIG. 1 wherein the power fluid is in contact with the high level control on the power fluid reservoir. The-pumping cycle is about to begin.

DESCRIPTION OF AN EMBODIMENT In describing this invention, reference is made to both FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 wherein like elements are similarly numbered. FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 show the hydrogas lift system at different points in the lift. The system includes a production tube 10 and a power fluid tube 12 which fits inside and extends the entire length of a power string casing 14. At the bottom end of the production tube 10 there is a one-way discharge valve 16. The discharge valve 16 allows production fluid 58 to flow upwardly through the valve into the production tube 10 but does not allow production fluid 58 to flow back through the production tube.

A dual packing 18 is provided at the bottom of the power fluid tube 12 in order to contain the compressed gas stored within the power string casing 14 andto support the power fluid tube 12 and the production tube 10. A similar packing is shown at the top of the well as element 20. The packings l8 and 20 are designed to prevent the compressed gas 22 from leaking from the well casing 14.

A one-way standing check valve 24 is shown at a location below discharge valve 16. The packing is provided about the standing valve 24 to form a pressuretight chamber 26 between the packing l8 and the standing valve 24. A series of gas lift valves 28 are placed at intervals along the power fluid tubing 12. Conventional gas lift valves such as the CMZFS-RC type made by the MACCO Oil Tool Company, Inc. are satisfactory for this type of operation. Gas lift valves are valves which permit a compressed gas to enter a pipe string when the differential pressure between the fluid in the pipe string and the compressed gas reaches a predetermined point. In this particular application, compressed gas may enter the pipe string at the end of the pumping cycle when triplex pump 36 shuts off. The gas lift valves allow the compressed gas 22 inside the casing 14 to flow into the power fluid tubing 12 at the end of the pump cycle thereby returning power fluid 30 to a separator 32 and then to a power fluid reservoir 34.

The power fluid reservoir stores the power fluid 30 and the now decompressed gas 22 is returned to the compressor 46 for recompression. A triplex type pump 36, driven by an electric motor 38, is connected to the bottom discharge line 40 from the power fluid reservoir 34. The pump 36 powers the fluid 30 downwardly through the power fluid tubing 12.

Mounted within the power fluid reservoir 34 is a high level control 48 and a low level control 50. Controls 48 and 50 are sensitive to the fluid level in the power fluid reservoir. They, in turn, control the opening and closing of motor valve 44 and the operation of electric motor 38 which drives triplex pump 36.

A dip tube 52 extends from the bottom of production tube into production fluid 58. Discharge valve 16 is located at the lower end of dip tube 52. Another oneway check valve 54 is mounted on the discharge port 56 of the triplex pump 36. Valve 21 prevents compressed gas 22 and power fluid mixture from returningto the pump 36.

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION FIG. 2 shows a hydrogas lift system immediately after to the beginning of the power fluid pump cycle. Prior to this stage, power fluid is entering reservoir 34. When the level of power fluid reaches the high level control 48, motor valve 44' is caused to close and motor 38 is energized and pump 36 is operated. By action of pump 36, the power fluid 30 from reservoir 34 is driven through check valve 54 and downwardly through power fluid tube'l2. It is, of course, understood that power fluid 30 is of a lower density than that of production fluid 58. Typically, power fluid 30 is an oil rated about 55 gravity crude. As a result of the pumping action, powerfluid 18 will fill the chamber26 between packing l8 and standing valve 24. As chamber 26 is filled with power fluid 18, production fluid 58 trapped within the chamber is displaced and forced to flow through discharge valve 16 of production tube 1 and towards the surface. At this time, standing valve 24 is closed because the pressure above the valve is higher than the pressure below it. Similarly, discharge valve 16 is caused to open because the pressure below it is higher than the pressure above it.

After a predetermined amount of power fluid 38 is pumped out of reservoir 34, the low level control 50 is tripped. The low level control 50, in turn, deenergizes electric motor 38, pump 36 stops, and the motor valve 44 is opened. This stage of the operation is shown at FIG. 1.

At this point, gas lift valves 28 open and the compressed gas 22 within the casing 14 flows into the power fluid tube 12 causing the power fluid 30 within the tube to rise through motor valve 44 and the by-pass line into separator 32. In operation, the gas lift valves would not all operate simultaneously but rather would be operated in sequence with the valve or valves closest to the surface opening first and with the lower valve sequentially opening as the differential pressure between the power fluid and the compressed gas reaches the predetermined point at which the particular selected gas lift valve will operate. The gas lift valves do not other at deeper depths is to give added boosting power where it is needed. The deeper valves have to provide more power because they must lift not only the increment between themselvesand the nearest valve up the string, but they must also lift all of the foam and residue in the power string located between the next uppermost valve and the surface of the well. The compressed gas and power fluid mixture does not flow back into pump 36 because check valve 54 is closed. The compressed gas 22 displaces power fluid 30 and causes its withdrawal from chamber 26. As power fluid 30 is with drawn from chamber 26 an equal volume of production fluid 58 is drawn through one-way standing check valve v 24 to replace the power fluid that has been withdrawn. The pressure within chamber 26 at this time is lower than during the pump cycle and discharge valve 16 is closed due to the higher pressure of the production fluid 58 within tube 10. The compressed gas and power fluid mixture flows into separator 32 where it is segregated. The compressed gas 22 is returned to casing -14 by means of compressor 46, and power fluid 30 is returned to power fluid reservoir 34. As the power fluid 30 is returned to the power fluid reservoir, the level of the power fluid 30 rises. When a sufficient amount of the power fluid30 is withdrawn from chamber 26,"the

level of the power fluid in power fluid reservoir 34 will again reach the high level control 48. At this point, the pump cycle as shown in FIG. 2 begins again. Each operation of the pump cycle causesa pre-determined increment of production fluid 58 to flow up production tube 10. Repeated pumping eventually causes this increment to reach ground level.

While gas lift valves have been shown as a preferred means of removing the power oil from the power oil string, it is clear that there are many other ways of performing the same function. For instance, it would be further possible to withdraw the power oil by means of a swab which is drawn up the power oil String at predetermined intervals. Also, arod pump or a rotary pump or any other form of artificial lift may be used to withdraw the power oil.

Other modifications of the described embodiment maybe obvious to one of ordinary skill in the art. For instance, separator 32 which has been shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 to be of the conventional, horizontal variety, may be vertical instead. Also, it is clear that this application is not intended to be limited to the production of petroleum. This method instead may be employed to lift any type of suitable production fluid by means of a lighter power fluid.

In a general manner, while there has been described an effective and efficient embodiment of the invention, it should be well understood that the invention is not limited to such an embodiment, as there might be changes made in the arrangement, disposition, and

a well casing,

a power fluid tube and a production tube within said well casing,

said production tube including a first one-way valve for allowing the production fluid to pass only in the upward direction through the production tube,

a second one-way valve located in'said well casing below said first one-way valve for allowing said production fluid to pass only in the upward directron, I

a compressor for forcing a gas through said well casa reservoir for storing a power fluid.

a pump disposed between said reservoir and said power fluid tube for driving said power fluid from said reservoir through said power fluid tube, said power fluid causing said production fluid to be forced upwardly through said production tube,

first means for displacing said power fluid with said gas after a predetermined amount of power fluid has been pumped from said reservoir, and

wherein said first means includes a gas lift valve means for passing said gas from said well casing to said power fluid tube, said gas forcing said power fluid back through said power fluid tube.

2. A system for lifting a production fluid comprising,

a well casing,

a power fluid tube and a production tube within said well casing,

said production, tube including a first one'way valve for allowing the production fluid to pass only in the upward direction through the production tube,

a second one-way valve located in said well casing below said first one-way valve for allowing said production fluid to pass only in the upward direcnon,

a compressor for forcing a gas through said well casing,

a reservoir for storing a power fluid,

a pump disposed between said reservoir and said power fluid tube for driving said power fluid from said reservoir through said power fluid tube, said power fluid causing said production fluid to be forced upwardly through said production tube,

first means for displacing said power fluid with said gas from said compressor after a predetermined amount of power fluid has been pumped from said reservoir,

a second means for separating said gas and power fluid,

a bypass line connecting said second means to said power fluid tube,

a control means for selectively operating said pump, said control means being responsive to the level of power fluid in said reservoir,

a bypass valve in said bypass line selectively opened and closed by said control means, and

wherein said control means is responsive to a predetermined high level and a predetermined low level of said power fluid in said reservoir, said control means causing said pump to energize and said bypass valve to close upon said power fluid attaining said predetermined high level and said control means causing said pump to de-energize and said bypass valve to open upon said fluid attaining said predetermined low level.

3. A system for lifting said production fluid of claim 2 wherein said power fluid is introduced into said well casing above said second one-way valve by said pump at a pressure sufficient to close said second one-way valve.

Claims (3)

1. A system for lifting a production fluid comprising, a well casing, a power fluid tube and a production tube within said well casing, said production tube including a first one-way valve for allowing the production fluid to pass only in the upward direction through the production tube, a second one-way valve located in said well casing below said first one-way valve for allowing said production fluid to pass only in the upward direction, a compressor for forcing a gas through said well casing, a reservoir for storing a power fluid, a pump disposed between said reservoir and said power fluid tube for driving said power fluid from said reservoir through said power fluid tube, said power fluid causing said production fluid to be forced upwardly through said production tube, first means for displacing said power fluid with said gas after a predetermined amount of power fluid has been pumped from said reservoir, and wherein said first means includes a gas lift valve means for passing said gas from said well casing to said power fluid tube, said gas forcing said power fluid back through said power fluid tube.
2. A system for lifting a production fluid comprising, a well casing, a power fluid tube and a production tube within said well casing, said production, tube including a first one-way valve for allowing the production fluid to pass only in the upward direction through the production tube, a second one-way valve located in said well casing below said first one-way valve for allowing said production fluid to pass only in the upward direction, a compressor for forcing a gas through said well casing, a reservoir for storing a power fluid, a pump disposed between said reservoir and said power fluid tube for driving said power fluid from said reservoir through said power fluid tube, said power fluid causing said production fluid to be forced upwardly through said production tube, first means for displacing said power fluid with said gas from said compressor after a predetermined amount of power fluid has been pumped from said reservoir, a second means for separating said gas and power fluid, a bypass line connecting said second means to said power fluid tube, a control means for selectively operating said pump, said control means being responsive to the level of power fluid in said reservoir, a bypass valve in said bypass line selectively opened and closed by said control means, and wherein said control means is responsive to a predetermined high level and a predetermined low level of said power fluid in said reservoir, said control means causing said pump to energize and said bypass valve to close upon said power fluid attaining said predetermined high level and said control means causing said pump to de-energize and said bypass valve to open upon said fluid attaining said predetermined low level.
3. A system for lifting said production fluid of claim 2 wherein said power fluid is introduced into said well casing above said second one-way valve by said pump at a pressure sufficient to close said second one-way valve.
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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3963377A (en) * 1974-05-20 1976-06-15 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Pneumatically powered pump system
FR2460273A1 (en) * 1979-06-29 1981-01-23 Inst Francais Du Petrole Recovering oil from tanks of submerged ship - uses alternate compressed air and water cycles to fill and discharge bell connected to surface
US4258700A (en) * 1979-06-04 1981-03-31 Vaseen Vesper A Solar or waste heat-exothermic/endothermic liquid-heat sink and pump
US4545731A (en) * 1984-02-03 1985-10-08 Otis Engineering Corporation Method and apparatus for producing a well
US4708595A (en) * 1984-08-10 1987-11-24 Chevron Research Company Intermittent oil well gas-lift apparatus
US4961688A (en) * 1988-01-21 1990-10-09 Compagnie Europeene Du Zirconium Cezus Process and apparatus for pumping and metering a liquid product with a melting point between 200 and 350 degrees C.
US5611671A (en) * 1996-04-26 1997-03-18 Tripp, Jr.; Ralph N. Pumping system for groundwater sampling
WO1998032950A1 (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-07-30 Elf Exploration Production Method for pumping a fluid
US5979553A (en) * 1997-05-01 1999-11-09 Altec, Inc. Method and apparatus for completing and backside pressure testing of wells
WO2001065062A2 (en) 2000-03-02 2001-09-07 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Use of downhole high pressure gas in a gas-lift well
GB2361722A (en) * 1999-12-14 2001-10-31 Helix Well Technologies Ltd Gas lift conduit apparatus for increasing effective depth of gas lift
US20030038734A1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2003-02-27 Hirsch John Michael Wireless reservoir production control
US20030042026A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2003-03-06 Vinegar Harold J. Controllable production well packer
US20030048697A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2003-03-13 Hirsch John Michele Power generation using batteries with reconfigurable discharge
US20030066671A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2003-04-10 Vinegar Harold J. Oil well casing electrical power pick-off points
US6633236B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-10-14 Shell Oil Company Permanent downhole, wireless, two-way telemetry backbone using redundant repeaters
US6633164B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-10-14 Shell Oil Company Measuring focused through-casing resistivity using induction chokes and also using well casing as the formation contact electrodes
US6644400B2 (en) * 2001-10-11 2003-11-11 Abi Technology, Inc. Backwash oil and gas production
US6662875B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-12-16 Shell Oil Company Induction choke for power distribution in piping structure
US6679332B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-01-20 Shell Oil Company Petroleum well having downhole sensors, communication and power
US20040060703A1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2004-04-01 Stegemeier George Leo Controlled downhole chemical injection
US6715550B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-04-06 Shell Oil Company Controllable gas-lift well and valve
US6758277B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-07-06 Shell Oil Company System and method for fluid flow optimization
US6817412B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-11-16 Shell Oil Company Method and apparatus for the optimal predistortion of an electromagnetic signal in a downhole communication system
US6840317B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2005-01-11 Shell Oil Company Wireless downwhole measurement and control for optimizing gas lift well and field performance
US6840316B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2005-01-11 Shell Oil Company Tracker injection in a production well
US6851481B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2005-02-08 Shell Oil Company Electro-hydraulically pressurized downhole valve actuator and method of use
US6868040B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2005-03-15 Shell Oil Company Wireless power and communications cross-bar switch
US20060076140A1 (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-13 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Gas Lift Apparatus and Method for Producing a Well
US7055592B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2006-06-06 Shell Oil Company Toroidal choke inductor for wireless communication and control
US7073594B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2006-07-11 Shell Oil Company Wireless downhole well interval inflow and injection control
US7114561B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2006-10-03 Shell Oil Company Wireless communication using well casing
US20090038806A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Eog Resources, Inc. Accumulation and recycling of captured gas in recovery of subterranean fluids
US20090047139A1 (en) * 2005-03-17 2009-02-19 Francois Braun Method and a System for Raising a Liquid
US20090194293A1 (en) * 2008-02-04 2009-08-06 Marathon Oil Company Apparatus, assembly and process for injecting fluid into a subterranean well
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Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3963377A (en) * 1974-05-20 1976-06-15 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Pneumatically powered pump system
US4258700A (en) * 1979-06-04 1981-03-31 Vaseen Vesper A Solar or waste heat-exothermic/endothermic liquid-heat sink and pump
FR2460273A1 (en) * 1979-06-29 1981-01-23 Inst Francais Du Petrole Recovering oil from tanks of submerged ship - uses alternate compressed air and water cycles to fill and discharge bell connected to surface
US4545731A (en) * 1984-02-03 1985-10-08 Otis Engineering Corporation Method and apparatus for producing a well
US4708595A (en) * 1984-08-10 1987-11-24 Chevron Research Company Intermittent oil well gas-lift apparatus
US4961688A (en) * 1988-01-21 1990-10-09 Compagnie Europeene Du Zirconium Cezus Process and apparatus for pumping and metering a liquid product with a melting point between 200 and 350 degrees C.
US5611671A (en) * 1996-04-26 1997-03-18 Tripp, Jr.; Ralph N. Pumping system for groundwater sampling
WO1998032950A1 (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-07-30 Elf Exploration Production Method for pumping a fluid
FR2758852A1 (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-07-31 Elf Aquitaine Method of pumping a fluid
US6138763A (en) * 1997-01-29 2000-10-31 Elf Exploration Production Method for pumping a fluid
US5979553A (en) * 1997-05-01 1999-11-09 Altec, Inc. Method and apparatus for completing and backside pressure testing of wells
GB2361722A (en) * 1999-12-14 2001-10-31 Helix Well Technologies Ltd Gas lift conduit apparatus for increasing effective depth of gas lift
US7259688B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2007-08-21 Shell Oil Company Wireless reservoir production control
US20030038734A1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2003-02-27 Hirsch John Michael Wireless reservoir production control
US7114561B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2006-10-03 Shell Oil Company Wireless communication using well casing
US7055592B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2006-06-06 Shell Oil Company Toroidal choke inductor for wireless communication and control
US6981553B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2006-01-03 Shell Oil Company Controlled downhole chemical injection
US6633236B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-10-14 Shell Oil Company Permanent downhole, wireless, two-way telemetry backbone using redundant repeaters
US6633164B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-10-14 Shell Oil Company Measuring focused through-casing resistivity using induction chokes and also using well casing as the formation contact electrodes
US6840316B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2005-01-11 Shell Oil Company Tracker injection in a production well
US6662875B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-12-16 Shell Oil Company Induction choke for power distribution in piping structure
US6679332B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-01-20 Shell Oil Company Petroleum well having downhole sensors, communication and power
US20040060703A1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2004-04-01 Stegemeier George Leo Controlled downhole chemical injection
US6715550B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-04-06 Shell Oil Company Controllable gas-lift well and valve
US6817412B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-11-16 Shell Oil Company Method and apparatus for the optimal predistortion of an electromagnetic signal in a downhole communication system
US6758277B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2004-07-06 Shell Oil Company System and method for fluid flow optimization
US7170424B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2007-01-30 Shell Oil Company Oil well casting electrical power pick-off points
US7147059B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2006-12-12 Shell Oil Company Use of downhole high pressure gas in a gas-lift well and associated methods
US6851481B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2005-02-08 Shell Oil Company Electro-hydraulically pressurized downhole valve actuator and method of use
US6868040B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2005-03-15 Shell Oil Company Wireless power and communications cross-bar switch
US20030066671A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2003-04-10 Vinegar Harold J. Oil well casing electrical power pick-off points
WO2001065062A2 (en) 2000-03-02 2001-09-07 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Use of downhole high pressure gas in a gas-lift well
US20030048697A1 (en) * 2000-03-02 2003-03-13 Hirsch John Michele Power generation using batteries with reconfigurable discharge
US7073594B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2006-07-11 Shell Oil Company Wireless downhole well interval inflow and injection control
US7075454B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2006-07-11 Shell Oil Company Power generation using batteries with reconfigurable discharge
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