US3808946A - Hydraulic double telescoping mine prop - Google Patents

Hydraulic double telescoping mine prop Download PDF

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Publication number
US3808946A
US3808946A US33456173A US3808946A US 3808946 A US3808946 A US 3808946A US 33456173 A US33456173 A US 33456173A US 3808946 A US3808946 A US 3808946A
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prop
pressure
valve
piston head
passage
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Expired - Lifetime
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G Bell
W Gehrmann
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Kloeckner Werke AG
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Kloeckner Werke AG
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B15/00Fluid-actuated devices for displacing a member from one position to another; Gearing associated therewith
    • F15B15/08Characterised by the construction of the motor unit
    • F15B15/14Characterised by the construction of the motor unit of the straight-cylinder type
    • F15B15/16Characterised by the construction of the motor unit of the straight-cylinder type of the telescopic type
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D15/00Props; Chocks, e.g. made of flexible containers filled with backfilling material
    • E21D15/14Telescopic props
    • E21D15/44Hydraulic, pneumatic, or hydraulic-pneumatic props

Abstract

A hydraulic double telescoping mine prop in which the pressure spaces between the inner prop and the middle prop are hydraulically connected. A back-pressure valve in such connection is controlled by the pressure present in the pressure space of the middle prop. Such valve is unseated mechanically at the end of the inward movement of the middle prop. A spring is interposed between the middle and outer props and acts as a buffer to check movement and prevent unseating of the valve by the weight of the parts alone.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Bell et a]. May 7, 1974 [54] HYDRAULIC DOUBLE TELE SCOPING 2,326,972 8/1943 Rosin 91/168 MINE PROP" FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS [75] Inventors: Gunter Homeburg; Werner 369 018 3 1932 Great Britain .Q. 9l/I68 Gehrman"! Altluneni both of 877,869 9/1961 Great Britain 9/168 Germany [73] Assignee: KIockner-Werke AG, Duisburg, Primary ExaminerPaul E. Maslousky G rm ny Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Malcolm W. Fraser [22] Filed: Feb. 22, 1973 211 App]. No.2 334,561 [571 ABSTRACT Related US Application Data hydraulic double ECItBSCOPIIIE mine prop in ighifih rne pressure spaces e ween e inner prop an e [62] 32222 1971 middle prop are hydraulically connected. A backpressure valve in such connection is controlled by the 52 us. c1. 91/168, 91/422 PresSure 1mmt f the Press"re SPaCF 0f the middle 51 rm. (:1. FlSb 11/18 PYOP- Such valve unsealed mechamcauy the end [58] Field 61 Search 91/168, 401 P F inward mm'emem P middle P P- A Spring 1s interposed between the m1ddle and outer props and [56] References Cited acts as afbififfer lto (ghee: moi elilnentt and prevelnt un- UNITED STATES PATENTS seating o t e va ve y t e weig t o t e parts a one. 332,418 12/1885 Morey 91/168 3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures HYDRAULIC DOUBLE TELESCOPING MINE PROP This is a division of application Ser. No. 106,731 filed Jan. 15, 1971, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION When double telescoping mine props are set up, the middle prop first slides out to the stop before the inner prop slides out of the middle prop..This is required particularly of props equipped with a hydraulic withdrawal mechanism, because the hydraulic withdrawal takes place within the ring-shaped space between the middle prop and the outer prop and because this can be exploited only if the middle prop has been brought up before the inner prop is pulled out.

It is already known how to place a drill hole in the bottom of the middle prop which establishes the hydraulic connection between the pressure space of the inner prop and the pressure space of the middle prop. In this drill hole is located the back-pressure valve. The mechanical control acts on the back-pressure valve; this is assured by a plug in alignment with the drill hole fastened to the bottom of the outer prop which lifts the ball of the back-pressure valve from its seat when the middle prop is down, so that the pressure from the inner prop pressure space can escape into the pressure space of the middle prop and, if necessary, to the outside.

The spring of the back-pressure valve has been adjusted in such a manner that its closing pressure exceeds the pressure required to slide out the middle prop. As a consequence and because of its larger piston area, the middle prop normally slides out before the pressure raises at the end of the path of the middle prop and overcomes the back-pressure valve so that the inner prop can slide out. The back-pressure valve, however, is at the beginning of the sliding movement opened through the mechanical control. If the slide-out resistance of the middle prop is strong, for example because of excessive sleeve friction, the difference between the surfaces at the inner prop piston and the middle prop piston is not sufficient to permit the middle prop to slide out first. Consequently, the inner prop slides out first.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention concerns a hydraulic double telescoping mine prop in which the pressure spaces of the inner prop and the middle prop are hydraulically connected to each other and in which the connection is equipped with a back-pressure valve controlled by the pressure present in the pressure space of the middle prop, a mechanical control automatically opening the connection at the end of the slide-in path of the middle prop.

The invention has as its objective a design of the prop that guarantees that independent of the intensity of the resistance to sliding out of the middle prop, the prescribed sequence of the sliding out maneuver is observed, i.e. that the middle prop slides out until it reaches the stop before the inner prop can begin to slide out.

According to the invention, this is achieved by having the opening pressure of the back-pressure valve exceed the pressure necessary to slide out the middle prop and that before the pressure acts in the pressure space of the middle prop to slide out the middle prop, the hydraulic connection to the pressure space of the inner prop is closed.

The prop according to the invention no longer exploits the surface difference between the piston of the inner prop and the piston of the middle prop for the purpose of determining the sequence in which the telescoping props slide out. Instead, the pressure space of the middle prop is closed by means of the backpressure valve before the slide-out pressure is applied and is kept closed until the middle prop has reached its terminal position. Only then is the back-pressure valve opened and thus opens the hydraulic connection that permits the pressure to act on the pressure space of the inner prop.

One form of the prop, according to the invention, is equipped with a spring inserted between middle prop and outer prop, whose path is longer than the path of the mechanical control that acts on the hydraulic connection and whose force exceeds the weight of the moveable parts including the forces of friction. The result is that the middle prop is listed by the force of the spring to the extent that the back-pressure valve is freed from the plug and can close. With this version of the invention, it is suitable that the spring be supported on the middle prop piston and the bottom of the outer prop. Particularly suitable for this purpose is an arrangement where the spring is on one end capped by a stopper of an elastomer plastic substance which fits into a drill hole in the middle prop piston. In this instance, the spring can be designed as a spiral spring. The spring can also be located at another point between the middle prop and the outer prop, for example between the upper end of the outer prop and a protruding flange of the middle prop.

Another form embodying the invention is using another control organ besides the back-pressure valve. This control organ is a two-way valve with two sealing seats located in the path of the hydraulic connection responsible for the mechanical control. In this case, the back-pressure valve is arranged in a path parallel to the above. This two-way valve is designed so that it is opened by the plug at the end of the slide-in movement of the middle prop. As soon as pressure fluid gets into the pressure space of the middle prop to slide out the latter, the current of the hydraulic medium closes the two-way valve at its second sealing seat, which again interrupts the hydraulic connection of the two pressure spaces of the prop.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section of a mine prop partly broken away; and

FIG. 2 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 1 showing an alternate form.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS An outer prop 1 is at its lower end closed by a cap or bottom wall 2. Hydraulic pressure fluid can enter through a passage 3 from the outside into the prop and can similarly be drained from the inside to the outside. Passage 3 is controlled by a safety valve and a drain valve, these parts being omitted from the drawings.

A plug 4 is fastened in a drill hole in the bottom wall part 2 in such a way that a pin 5 protrudes into a pressure space 7 of the middle prop. The pin 5 is aligned with a drill hole 6 whose inner end is designed as a seat for a back-pressure ball valve 8. A spring 9 of the back pressure valve 8 urges the valve to its seat, pressure in the space 7 opening or unseating the valve. The back pressure valve 8 is disposed in a member body 10 equipped on its outside with a thread and is screwed into a socket in a bottom wall 11 of a middle prop 12.

The sliding in of the middle prop 12 is effected by a hydraulic pull mechanism. it consists of pressure ap plied to a ring-shaped space 13 between the middle prop 12 and the outer prop 1 that acts when the prop is slid in. Contained in the middle prop 12 is a cylinder 14 of the inner prop whose bottom wall is indicated at 15. In a socket 16 in the bottom wall 11 of the middle prop 12 is a buffer 17 consisting of an elastomer, to which is fastened a spring 18. A

The form of the invention according to FIG. 1 has a hydraulic connection of space 7 via the passage 6 and a port 17a in the piston 1 1 leading to the pressure space 18a of the inner prop.

The opening pressure of the back-pressure valve 8 is stronger than the pressure required to slide out the middle prop 12. The spring 18 between middle prop l2 and outer prop l is dimensioned so that the path of the spring is longer than the path of the mechanical control that includes ball 8 and pin 5 which controls the hydraulic connection. The strength of the spring is greater than the weight of the moveable parts including the frictional forces.

When the prop has been placed and is under pressure, the hydraulic connection between the two pressure spaces 18a and 7 is closed and the middle prop slides in and is first controlled by the opening pressure selected at the safety valve. As soon as the pressure exerted by spring 18 has been overcome, the pin 5 pushes the ball 8 from its seat and thus opens the hydraulic connection through the ports 6 and 17a. The higher pressure in space 18a enters space 7 with the result that the inner prop sinks in. A transfer of fluidinto space 7 takes places which makes the middle prop rise again and close the valve 8. Thus results an oscillating movement of the middle prop during the phase when the inner prop 14 sinks in. This assures that both steps have the same bearing pressure distribution.

When the prop is not under pressure, the spring 18 lifts the inner prop ll, i.e. it lifts the moveable parts of the prop including the cap to the extent that the ball 8 can reach its seat and consequently closes space 7 with respect to space 18a. Since the middle prop 12 must slide out first before the pressure in space 7 rises to the point where ball 8 is lifted from its seat, the desired sequence in the sliding .out of the prop parts is assured.

To remove the prop, the pressure is reduced and the middle prop 12 slides in first until spring 18 becomes operative. The spring 18 prevents the middle prop 12 from sliding in to the end and thus the opening of valve 8. Only when the hydraulic withdrawal becomes active, which is so strong that it overcomes the spring 18, does the middle prop 12 slide in completely, which opens the hydraulic connection between the two pressure spaces for sliding in the inner prop. Prior to installation, the hydraulic withdrawal mechanism is switched off so that the spring 18 lifts the moveable parts.

In the form according to FIG. 2, the pin '5 of the plug 4 is not aligned with the back-pressure valve 8, i.e. not with the hole 6, by the ball 8 as in FIG. 1. Rather, in the area of the pin 5, a second passage 20 is arranged for the hydraulic connection between spaces 7 and 18a. This path is controlled by a two-way ball valve 21. in

the example shown, the twoway valve consists of a ball 22 with a seat in a body 23 and another seat in a body 24. Both bodies have holes or passages 25 and 26, which are aligned with each other.

Only for the sake of greater clarity have the parts been shown on FIG. 2 in the drawn-out phase. During operation, such position of the parts is not possible.

When the prop is exposed to a load, the ball 22 is pressed against the seat of body 23 because of the higher pressure in space 18a and the middle prop 12 sinks in first. As soon as the middle prop hits the mechanical control, the pin 5 pushes the ball 22 from its seat and opens the second hydraulic passage 20. Then the inner prop sinks in.

As soon as the prop is installed, hydraulic medium flows into the pressure space 7. Because of the current pressure, the ball 22 is transported and pressed against the seat of body 24 so that space 7 is closed off from space 18a. Since the spring 9 of the back-pressure valve 8 is, in this instance also, adjusted to a pressure exceeding that required for sliding out the middle prop 12, the middle prop slides out first until a further pressure increase lifts the ball 8 and pressure can build up in space 18a so that the inner prop '14 slides out.

What we claim is:

1. In a hydraulic mine prop comprising A. inner, middle and outer telescoping prop elements, each element comprising a piston head and a cylindrical body,

B. a first pressure space between the piston head of the outer prop element and the piston head of the middle prop element,

C. a second pressure space between the piston head of the middle prop element and the piston head of the inner prop element,

D. a first hydraulic-connection passage through the piston head of the middle prop element and interconnecting the first and second pressure spaces,

E. a back-pressure valve in the first passage for controlling the flow of hydraulic fluid through the first passage, and g F. spring means for holding the back-pressurevalve closed when the back pressure is less than a predetermined value and for allowing the valve to open when the back pressure is greater than the predetermined value, the predetermined back pressure value being chosen to be greater than the pressure value required to slide out the middle propelement, thereby insuring that the middle prop element extends ahead of the inner prop element, the improvement comprising, 1 G. a second hydraulic-connection passage through the piston head of the middle prop element and interconnecting the first and second pressure spaces,

H. a two-way valve in the second passage for controlling the flow of hydraulic fluid through the second passage, the two-way valve comprising a ball between two seats, the two seats being in opposite directions in the second passage, and

. mechanical means on the piston head of the outer prop element for contacting the ball in the two-way valve and unseating it from one of the two seats on an end of the second passage closest to the first pressure space when the middle prop element is at the extreme compressed end of its telescoping movement.

3,808,946 7 6 2. A prop according to claim 1 wherein the spring 3. A prop according to claim 1 wherein the mechanimeans of the back-pressure valve is adjusted to a pressure that exceeds the pressure necessary to overcome the weight and mechanical extension friction of the the outer prop m inner and middle prop elements. 5

cal means is a pin projecting from the piston head of

Claims (3)

1. In a hydraulic mine prop comprising A. inner, middle and outer telescoping prop elements, each element comprising a piston head and a cylindrical body, B. a first pressure space between the piston head of the outer prop element and the piston head of the middle prop element, C. a second pressure space between the piston head of the middle prop element and the piston head of the inner prop element, D. a first hydraulic-connection passage through the piston head of the middle prop element and interconnecting the first and second pressure spaces, E. a back-pressure valve in the first passage for controlling the flow of hydraulic fluid through the first passage, and F. spring means for holding the back-pressure valve closed when the back pressure is less than a predetermined value and for allowing the valve to open when the back pressure is greater than the predetermined value, the predetermined back pressure value being chosen to be greater than the pressure value required to slide out the middle prop element, thereby insuring that the middle prop element extends ahead of the inner prop element, the improvement comprising, G. a second hydraulic-connection passage through the piston head of the middle prop element and interconnecting the first and second pressure spaces, H. a two-way valve in the second passage for controlling the flow of hydraulic fluid through the second passage, the two-way valve comprising a ball between two seats, the two seats being in opposite directions in the second passage, and I. mechanical means on the piston head of the outer prop element for contacting the ball in the two-way valve and unseating it from one of the two seats on an end of the second passage closest to the first pressure space when the middle prop element is at the extreme compressed end of its telescoping movement.
2. A prop according to claim 1 wherein the spring means of the back-pressure valve is adjusted to a pressure that exceeds the pressure necessary to overcome the weight and mechanical extension friction of the inner and middle prop elements.
3. A prop according to claim 1 wherein the mechanical means is a pin projecting from the piston head of the outer prop element.
US33456173 1971-01-15 1973-02-22 Hydraulic double telescoping mine prop Expired - Lifetime US3808946A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02239097A (en) * 1989-03-10 1990-09-21 Sanyo Kiki Kk Single-acting telescopic cylinder type load lifting device
US5099748A (en) * 1990-05-11 1992-03-31 Genie Industries, Inc. Pneumatic system for telescopic hoist
US5584225A (en) * 1992-10-29 1996-12-17 Ab Volvo Penta Hydraulic cylinder, especially a trim and tip cylinder for outboard type boat propeller drive units
US6463841B2 (en) * 2000-10-10 2002-10-15 Kayaba Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Lift cylinder
US20100146873A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2010-06-17 Falck Schmidt Defence Systems A/S Telescoping mast
CN103603975A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-02-26 湖南特力液压有限公司 Check valve with push rod and multi-stage hydraulic cylinder
US8683910B1 (en) 2009-08-21 2014-04-01 Foster Hydraulics, Inc. Hydraulic cylinder with piston valve assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US332418A (en) * 1885-12-15 Morey
GB369018A (en) * 1931-04-01 1932-03-17 Georges Houplain Improvements in and relating to fluid-pressure brakes
US2326972A (en) * 1940-11-05 1943-08-17 Rosin Maurice Combined day and night coach
GB877869A (en) * 1959-04-24 1961-09-20 Toussaint & Hess Gmbh Improvements relating to hydraulic piston apparatus

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US332418A (en) * 1885-12-15 Morey
GB369018A (en) * 1931-04-01 1932-03-17 Georges Houplain Improvements in and relating to fluid-pressure brakes
US2326972A (en) * 1940-11-05 1943-08-17 Rosin Maurice Combined day and night coach
GB877869A (en) * 1959-04-24 1961-09-20 Toussaint & Hess Gmbh Improvements relating to hydraulic piston apparatus

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02239097A (en) * 1989-03-10 1990-09-21 Sanyo Kiki Kk Single-acting telescopic cylinder type load lifting device
US5099748A (en) * 1990-05-11 1992-03-31 Genie Industries, Inc. Pneumatic system for telescopic hoist
US5584225A (en) * 1992-10-29 1996-12-17 Ab Volvo Penta Hydraulic cylinder, especially a trim and tip cylinder for outboard type boat propeller drive units
US6463841B2 (en) * 2000-10-10 2002-10-15 Kayaba Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Lift cylinder
US20100146873A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2010-06-17 Falck Schmidt Defence Systems A/S Telescoping mast
US8661744B2 (en) * 2007-04-16 2014-03-04 Falck Schmidt Defence Systems A/S Telescoping mast
US8683910B1 (en) 2009-08-21 2014-04-01 Foster Hydraulics, Inc. Hydraulic cylinder with piston valve assembly
US9010234B1 (en) 2009-08-21 2015-04-21 Tim Foster Hydraulic cylinder with piston valve assembly
CN103603975A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-02-26 湖南特力液压有限公司 Check valve with push rod and multi-stage hydraulic cylinder
CN103603975B (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-10-28 湖南特力液压有限公司 Multistage hydraulic cylinder

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