US3805327A - Hinge structure - Google Patents

Hinge structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US3805327A
US3805327A US23646672A US3805327A US 3805327 A US3805327 A US 3805327A US 23646672 A US23646672 A US 23646672A US 3805327 A US3805327 A US 3805327A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
hinge
element
rounded
end
rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
R Walker
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Robert Manufacturing Co
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Robert Manufacturing Co
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D9/00Flaps or sleeves specially designed for making from particular material, e.g. hoop-iron, sheet metal, plastics
    • E05D9/005Flaps or sleeves specially designed for making from particular material, e.g. hoop-iron, sheet metal, plastics from plastics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/02Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D7/00Hinges or pivots of special construction
    • E05D7/10Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis
    • E05D7/1044Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis in an axial direction
    • E05D7/1055Hinges or pivots of special construction to allow easy separation or connection of the parts at the hinge axis in an axial direction with snap-fitted pins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/10Pins, sockets or sleeves; Removable pins
    • E05D2005/102Pins
    • E05D2005/104Pins characterised by the materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/10Pins, sockets or sleeves; Removable pins
    • E05D2005/102Pins
    • E05D2005/108Pins with elastically deformable parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/60Mounting or coupling members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2600/622Dowels; Pins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/67Materials; Strength alteration thereof
    • E05Y2800/676Plastics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/554Hinge including means to fasten leaf to member
    • Y10T16/5543Hinge including means to fasten leaf to member by expandable connector

Abstract

A hinge structure fabricated from plastic material and comprised of two stem-like parts detachably hinged together and arranged to be mounted in and secured to related parts easily and quickly.

Description

O United States Patent 1191 1111 3,805,327 Walker Apr. 23, 1974 HINGE STRUCTURE 3,213,507 10/1965 Christian et a1. 24/208 A 3,141,190 7/1964 Reiss 16/171 [75] Inventor. Robert Walker, St. Charles, 111. 3,349,428 [0/1967 suskam. [6/128 R 73 Assignee; Robert Manufacturing company, 3,349,429 10/1967 Suska 16/128 R Wheaton, I11.

[22] Filed: Mar. 20, 1972 Primary Examiner-Bobhy R. Gay pp No: 236,466 7 Assistant Exarnmer-Dons C. Troutman [52] US. Cl 16/159, 16/171 57 ABSTRACT [51] Int. Cl E05d 5/02 1 [58] Field Of Search 16/150, 159, 171; A hinge structure fabricated from plastic material and 24/208 214; 220/31 SR comprised of two stem-like parts detachably hinged together and arranged to be mounted in and secured [56] References C'ted to related parts easily and quickly.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,049,747 8/1962 McDonald 16/159 3 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures HINGE STRUCTURE The invention relates to improvements in hinges and is particularly concerned with a hinge structure fabricated wholly from plastic material, such as glass filled mylon, in two complemental parts each of which has novel means for securing it to a piece of material. The hinge illustrated is designed for use in model making, but can be utilized fully in connection with other products.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a hinge structure of the character referred to.

Another object is to provide a hinge structure that is easy to install securely.

Another object is to provide a hinge structure comprised of two pieces having a snap-fit connection.

Another object is to provide a hinge structure that can be molded and which is easily assembled.

Another object is to provide a hinge structure which is not expensive or difficult to manufacture and one that can be mounted easily and quickly and is very efficient in use.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent with reference to the following description and accompanying drawing In the drawings:

FIG. 1, is an enlarged elevational view of the hinge, showing it mounted.

FIG. 2 is another elevational view of the hinge, viewed on a plane 90 from the plane of the FIG. 1 illustration.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged detail central sectional view of the hingedly connected ends of the hinge elements.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged elevational view of the hingedly connected end of one of the elements.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged elevational view of the hingedly connected end of the other element, showing it partly in section.

Referring to the exemplary disclosure of the invention as shown in the accompanying drawings, the hinge structure is comprised of two hinge elements 11 and 12. Each of the elements is substantially rod-like in shape and the element 11 includes a stem portion 11a and a head portion 11b. The stem portion is preferably formed with a pointed end 13 and a series of circumferential ribs 14 spaced apart along its stem 11a.

Each ofthese ribs 14 defines an annular shoulder 14a facing the head portion 11b. The element 12 also includes a stern portion 12a and a head portion 12b. The stem portion 12a is preferably formed with a pointed end 15 and a series of circumferential ribs 16 spaced apart along said stern. Each of these ribs defines a shoulder 16a facing the head portion 12b.

The head portion 11b of the element 11, which is best shown in FIGS. 3 and 5, is circular in shape and has one-half of its diameter cut away to provide an end nose portion 17. This nose portion has a transverse axial passage 18 formed on two diameters to provide an internal shoulder 19 therein.

The head portion 12b of element 12, which is best shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, is also circular in shape and has one-half of its diameter cut away to provide an end nose portion 21. A stud 22 projects from the flat face 23 of the head portion 1217. This stud is so located on the head portion 1212 that it will enter into the passage 18 in head portion 1 lb when the two head portions 11b and 12b are matched as shown in. FIG. 3.

It should be noted that the stud 22 includes an end portion 22a of enlarged diameter that is snap fitted through the smaller diameter of passage 18 and nests in the larger diameter behind the shoulder 19. In this manner the hinge assembly is secured and the hinge elements 11 and 12 can be separated only upon the application of force between the opposed flat'faces of the respective head portions and prying them apart.

The elements 11 and 12 may be best secured firmly to the parts they are to hingedly connect, such as the a members 23,24 shown in FIG. 1, by drilling a hole 25 in each member and then, after the application of glue or other adhesive to either the holes or onto the serrated stems 11a and 12a, inserting the stems into their respective holes and allowing same to set.

It should be apparent that the instant hinge, because of its stem-type mounting elements, can be mounted upon any type of article without requiring a flat mounting surface as is required by wing-type hinges.

Although I have described a preferred embodiment of the invention, in considerable detail, it will be understood that the description thereof is intended to be il lustrative rather than restrictive, as details of the structure may be modified or changed without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Accordingly, I do not desire to be restricted to the exact construction described.

I claim:

1. A hinge comprising a straight rod-like element rounded at one end, a longitudinal fiat portion at said rounded end reducing its thickness in one direction to one-half its diameter, a companion straight rod'like element rounded at one end, a longitudinal flat portion at said rounded end reducing its thickness in one direction to one-half its diameter, an integral stud upstanding from the flat surface of one of said flat portions, the other flat portion having a dual diameter aperture defining an internal shoulder therein to receive said stud thereinto when the two flattened surfaces are arranged face to face, said stud being slightly enlarged at its free end to frictionally engage behind the shoulder in the aperture to resist its withdrawal, and a plurality of spaced apart annular shoulders on substantially the remaining portion of each rod-like element, said annular shoulders facing the respective rounded ends to resist withdrawal of the elements from apertures in articles into which they are driven so as to hingedly connect said articles together.

2. The hinge recited in claim 1, in which said elements are fabricated from resiliently compressible plastic material.

3. The hinge recited in claim 1, in which longitudinally spaced circumferential ribs are provided on the surface of each rod-like element to define said annular shoulders.

Claims (3)

1. A hinge comprising a straight rod-like element rounded at one end, a longitudinal flat portion at said rounded end reducing its thickness in one direction to one-half its diameter, a companion straight rod-like element rounded at one end, a longitudinal flat portion at said rounded end reducing its thickness in one direction to one-half its diameter, an integral stud upstanding from the flat surface of one of said flat portions, the other flat portion having a dual diameter aperture defining an internal shoulder therein to receive said stud thereinto when the two flattened surfaces are arranged face to face, said stud being slightly enlarged at its free end to frictionally engage behind the shoulder in the aperture to resist its withdrawal, and a plurality of spaced apart annular shoulders on substantially the remaining portion of each rod-like element, said annular shoulders facing the respective rounded ends to resist withdrawal of the elements from apertures in articles into which they are driven so as to hingedly connect said articles together.
2. The hinge recited in claim 1, in which said elements are fabricated from resiliently compressible plastic material.
3. The hinge recited in claim 1, in which longitudinally spaced circumferential ribs are provided on the surface of each rod-like element to define said annular shoulders.
US3805327A 1972-03-20 1972-03-20 Hinge structure Expired - Lifetime US3805327A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4089467A (en) * 1977-08-08 1978-05-16 Curtiscorp, Inc. Polystyrene container with polypropylene hinge and latch
US4154362A (en) * 1978-05-12 1979-05-15 Curtiscorp, Inc. Self-attaching hinge for polystyrene containers and latch means integral therewith
US4353137A (en) * 1979-10-26 1982-10-12 Pierre Jammet Toilet seat
US4456050A (en) * 1979-10-15 1984-06-26 Robert Rivers Hinge lock mechanism for display units
FR2554777A1 (en) * 1983-11-10 1985-05-17 Ford France Method for the provisional assembly and / or definitive of a vehicle door on a vehicle body part
US4613040A (en) * 1984-04-04 1986-09-23 Pente Games, Inc. Folding case
US4651382A (en) * 1984-05-31 1987-03-24 Krolick Robert S Solvent-bondable plastic parts with capillary-action blocking moat to confine solvent flow
US4886245A (en) * 1987-01-20 1989-12-12 Louis Manzo Interlocking pivot device for adjustable ballusters
EP0695849A1 (en) * 1994-08-03 1996-02-07 Niemann, Hans-Dieter Corner joining device for frame members of windows, doors or the like

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3049747A (en) * 1960-02-25 1962-08-21 David C Mcdonald Hinge
US3141190A (en) * 1961-03-31 1964-07-21 Stanley Works Separable hinge assembly with spacer
US3213507A (en) * 1962-06-18 1965-10-26 United Carr Inc Stud and socket fastener
US3349429A (en) * 1965-08-27 1967-10-31 Stanley Works Hinge
US3349428A (en) * 1965-08-27 1967-10-31 Stanley Works Hinge

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3049747A (en) * 1960-02-25 1962-08-21 David C Mcdonald Hinge
US3141190A (en) * 1961-03-31 1964-07-21 Stanley Works Separable hinge assembly with spacer
US3213507A (en) * 1962-06-18 1965-10-26 United Carr Inc Stud and socket fastener
US3349429A (en) * 1965-08-27 1967-10-31 Stanley Works Hinge
US3349428A (en) * 1965-08-27 1967-10-31 Stanley Works Hinge

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4089467A (en) * 1977-08-08 1978-05-16 Curtiscorp, Inc. Polystyrene container with polypropylene hinge and latch
US4154362A (en) * 1978-05-12 1979-05-15 Curtiscorp, Inc. Self-attaching hinge for polystyrene containers and latch means integral therewith
US4456050A (en) * 1979-10-15 1984-06-26 Robert Rivers Hinge lock mechanism for display units
US4353137A (en) * 1979-10-26 1982-10-12 Pierre Jammet Toilet seat
FR2554777A1 (en) * 1983-11-10 1985-05-17 Ford France Method for the provisional assembly and / or definitive of a vehicle door on a vehicle body part
US4613040A (en) * 1984-04-04 1986-09-23 Pente Games, Inc. Folding case
US4651382A (en) * 1984-05-31 1987-03-24 Krolick Robert S Solvent-bondable plastic parts with capillary-action blocking moat to confine solvent flow
US4886245A (en) * 1987-01-20 1989-12-12 Louis Manzo Interlocking pivot device for adjustable ballusters
EP0695849A1 (en) * 1994-08-03 1996-02-07 Niemann, Hans-Dieter Corner joining device for frame members of windows, doors or the like

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