US3799268A - Method and apparatus for evacuating drilling fluids from a well - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for evacuating drilling fluids from a well Download PDF

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US3799268A
US3799268A US18699471A US3799268A US 3799268 A US3799268 A US 3799268A US 18699471 A US18699471 A US 18699471A US 3799268 A US3799268 A US 3799268A
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Prior art keywords
packer
string
circulating
joint
well
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C Cochran
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Brown Oil Tools Inc
Hughes Tool Co
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Brown Oil Tools Inc
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Priority to US18699471 priority Critical patent/US3799268A/en
Priority claimed from US43483874 external-priority patent/US3882936A/en
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Publication of US3799268A publication Critical patent/US3799268A/en
Assigned to HUGHES TOOL COMPANY A CORP. OF DE reassignment HUGHES TOOL COMPANY A CORP. OF DE MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). EFFECTIVE DEC. 22, 1981 (DELAWARE) Assignors: BROWN OIL TOOLS, INC. A TX CORP.
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/10Sealing or packing boreholes or wells in the borehole
    • E21B33/12Packers; Plugs
    • E21B33/124Units with longitudinally-spaced plugs for isolating the intermediate space
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B34/00Valve arrangements for boreholes or wells
    • E21B34/06Valve arrangements for boreholes or wells in wells
    • E21B34/10Valve arrangements for boreholes or wells in wells operated by control fluid supplied from outside the borehole
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/14Obtaining from a multiple-zone well

Abstract

A method of evacuating drilling fluids from between axially spaced well packers in which a circulating joint is disposed between the packer in a tubing string penetrating both packers. Pressure is applied to the tubing string to unblock circulating ports through the joint, allowing circulation into the area between packers and out of the well through a shorter tubing string penetrating only the upper packer. After circulation, pressure is applied to the long string causing the joint ports to be closed. The circulating joint comprises a tubular body with circulating ports through its walls and a sleeve assembly surrounding the body blocking the ports. Expansible chambers between the sleeve and body are employed to first unblock the ports and then to block them again upon selective introduction of pressure to the chambers.

Description

[ Mar. 26, 1974 United States 1 Cochran 3,118,502 1/1964 Cochran............................. 166/313 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR Primary Examiner-Bobby R. Gay

Assistant Examiner-Lawrence J. Staab Chudleigh B. Cochran, Houston, Tex.

Assignee: Brown Oil Tools, Inc., Houston,

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Torres & Berryhill [57] ABSTRACT A method of evacuating drilling fluids from between axially spaced well packers in which a circulating joint Tex.

[22] Filed: 1971 is disposed between the packer in a tubing string pene- Appl. No.: 186,994 trating both packers. Pressure is applied to the tubing string to unblock circulating ports through the joint,

allowing circulation into the area between packers and out of the well through a shorter tubing string penetrating only the upper packer. After circulation, pressure is applied to the long string causing the joint ports 744 425 111 My 63M l 7 ZEN 1 /!1A 6 6&3 1 1 9 3 3/ B3% Bbl 6 6 IB mmh I u.r "Ha C d Std i UhF 11]] 2 8 555 r1121.

References Cited to be closed. The circulating oint comprises a tubular UNITED STATES PATENTS body with circulating ports through its walls and a sleeve assembly surrounding the body blocking the ports. Expansible chambers between the sleeve and body are employed to first unblock the ports and then to block them again upon selective introduction of pressure to the chambers.

5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 3,572,434 3,467,185 Dowden...........

2,897,897 Breukelman.....

2,798,558 McCulloch 2,911,048 11/1959 Dublin et a1.

3,115,187 12/1963 Brown PATENTED MR 2 6 I974 SHEET 1 OF 2 wag A rive V45) BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention pertains to drilling and completion of oil and gas wells. More specifically, it concerns circulating methods and apparatus for evacuating drilling fluids from tubing strings and the space between packers in a multiple completion well.

2. Description of the Prior Art When completing a multiple zone well, it is necessary to displace drilling fluid (mud) which remains standing in the well after drilling operations. In a dual completion well, this requires circulating fluid down the long string and back up through the short string. Itis desirable to perform this operation after the tubing strings are secured at the wellhead, so as to be under full pressure control. In the past, this operation has been performed prior to setting'either the permanent (lower) packer or the hydraulic (upper) packer. Thus, the circulating fluid passes out of the longer string back up around the permanent packer and displaces the drilling fluid between packers through the short string and around the hydraulic packer through the surrounding casing. After the drilling fluid has been removed, both the permanent packer and the hydraulic packer are set. One disadvantage of such a method is the possibility of a blowout in the lower and/or upper zone prior to setting the packers. In addition, since the drilling fluid passes around both packers prior to setting, the distinct possibility exists that the packer seals will be damaged by the erosive passage of drilling fluid around the packers. Of course, if the packers do not properly seal when they are set, an expensive pulling job may be required.

Attempts have been made to overcome the disadvantage of the former displacement procedure. For example, a circulating joint has been attached to the long string for disposition between the permanent and hydraulic packers. The joint is provided with ports which may be opened or closed by running a wireline tool into the joint through the long string. But wireline tools are susceptible to becoming stuck in the tubing string. This is particularly true when the string is filled with drilling mud.

Pressure operated apparatus has been recently developed to eliminate wireline tools. Such apparatus also employs a circulating joint carried by the long string for disposition between packers and having ports which may be opened by applying pressure to the long string. In this method, the permanent packer may be set prior to circulation and the circulating fluid flows from the long string into the space between packers, displacing the drilling fluid through the short string and around the unset hydraulic packer. After circulation, the circulating sleeve ports are closed by setting the hydraulic packer and the well is ready for production. Although such a procedure reduces blowout hazards of the lower zone and allows running, setting and testing of the permanent packer and long string before the short string is run, it does not eliminate the blowout hazards of the upper zone nor the possibility of damaging the seals of the unset hydraulic packer. Furthermore, the apparatus for performing this procedure is very complex, requiring, among other things, extremely close tolerances to operate properly and precise adjustment of the apparatus for different weight pipes and distance between packers. The closing of the circulating ports is also dependent upon the proper setting of the hydraulic packer. These features result in a rather expensive, delicate and relatively bulky device.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention discloses a circulating joint and method of use which eliminates the problems of the former methods of drilling fluid evacuation. The joint is attached to the long string and run into the well for disposition between the lower permanent packer and the upper hydraulic packer. The joint is also provided with ports which are closed until the permanent packer and possibly the hydraulic packer are set. Pressure is then applied to the long string, causing a pressure chamber in the joint to expand and uncover these ports. Circulating fluid, such as water, is then circulated through the long string and the circulating joint ports, into the area between packers, and back up through the short string, displacing drilling fluid from the long string and the area between packers. After the drilling fluid is displaced, a ball member is dropped into the longer string to seat on a portion of the circulating sleeve. Increasing pressure is applied to the ball until the sleeve assembly is displaced from its initial position to again cover and seal the circulating ports. A further increase in pressure causes the ball and its corresponding seat to be displaced from the joint and to be dropped into the bottom of the well, leaving the well ready for production.

Thus, the circulating joint of the present invention allows setting of both the permanent and hydraulic packers prior to displacement of drilling fluids, eliminating hazards of blowout in either zone and eliminating the possibility of damage to either packer from the flow of erosive drilling fluids. Both zones may be under complete pressure protectionat all times and the circulating ports in the circulating joint are closed independently of the short string or the setting of the hydraulic packer and without wireline tools. The apparatus for performing such a method is simple and economically manufactured. Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the description which follows.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the description of a preferred embodiment of the invention which follows, reference will be made to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. I is a diagrammatic representation of a dual completion well having long and short strings, a lower permanent packer and an upper hydraulic packer in set positions, and employing a circulating joint shown in the port open position, for circulating fluid through the long string and back up the short string to displace drilling fluids from the long string and between the paekers, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a quarter-sectional elevation view of the circulating joint of FIG. 1, in its initial closed position;

FIG. 3 is a quarter-sectional elevation view of the circulating joint of FIGS. 1 and 2, in its port opened position; and

FIG. 4 is a quarter-sectional elevation view of the circulating joint of FIGS. 1-3, shown in its final closed position.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring first to FIG. 1, there is shown a well for producing petroleum fluids from upper and lower subterranean formations or zones. An outer conduit or casing string extends from the surface 11 to the bottom 16 of the well hole. The casing string 10 is perforated at 12 and 14 to allow flow of petroleum deposits from the lower and upper zones, respectively. A wellhead 15 is attached at the upper end of the casing string 10 and provides support for a pair of tubing strings, long string 21 and short string 22. The long string 21 extends downwardly through the casing string 10 past the upper production zone into an area adjacent the lower production zone. The short string 22 extends from the wellhead to a point in the casing string 10 adjacent the upper production zone.

Normally, the permanent (lower) packer 25 is run into the well, set and tested first. Then the long string 21 is run into the well with a hydraulic (upper) dual packer 26 attached thereto. Next, the short String 22 is run into the well and through the hydraulic packer 26. Both strings are secured at the wellhead 15. The hydraulic packer 26 can be set and tested at this point. However, it might be desirable to leave the packer 26 unset during the period of drilling fluid displacement.

Attached in the long string at some point between the permanent packer 25 and hydraulic packer 26 is a circulating joint, designated generally by the reference number 50. This circulating joint 50 will be described in more detail hereafter. For present purposes it is sufficient to state that the circulating joint 50 is provided with ports which are initially closed during the running of the tubing strings 21, 22. After the permanent packer 25 has been set and both strings run in place, pressure may be applied through the long string 21 causing these ports to be opened, as will be more fully understood hereafter. Circulating fluid, such as water, is then circulated through the long string 21, out the circulating joint ports, into the area of the casing string 10 between permanent packer 25 and hydraulic packer 26, and back up the short string 22 (see the arrows in FIG. 1). Thus, the drilling fluid which has accumulated in long string 21 and the area between packers 25, 26 is displaced from the well. Further pressure is then applied to the circulating joint 50, as will be explained hereafter, causing the circulating joint ports to again be closed. If the hydraulic packer 26 has not already been set, it is set at this time and the well is ready for production.

Referring also now to FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, the circulating joint 50 will be described in detail. The joint comprises a tubular body member 52 which is provided at each end with means for connection in a tubing string. In the particular embodiment shown, the lower end is provided with male threads 53 and the upper end is provided with male threads 54 for connection to a threaded collar 55. The body 52 is provided with three axially spaced sets of radial ports 56, 57, 58. The lower set of ports 58 are the circulating ports referred to in describing FIG. 1. The intermediate ports 57 and upper ports 56 are pressure ports, necessary for operating the circulating joint as described hereafter.

Initially fastened in the bore of tubular body 52 between ports 56 and 57, by a shear screw 61, is a cylindrical spool piece or seat member 62. The outside diameter of seat member 62 is slightly less than the upper bore 51 of tubular body 52. Annular seals 63, 64 provide sealing engagement between the seat member 62 and upper bore area 51. The mid-portion 65 of seat member 62 may be reduced in diameter. A frustoconical seating surface 68 is provided at the upper end of seat member 62 for reasons to be shown hereafter.

Surrounding the tubular body member 52, in a sliding fit is a sleeve assembly, designated generally by the reference number 70. This sleeve assembly 70 comprises a lower skirt member 81), a seal carrying sleeve 90, a pressure chamber sleeve 100 and a retaining sleeve 1111. Initially, the entire sleeve assembly is axially maintained in the position shown in FIG. 2 by a shear connection 119 with tubular body 52. A stop ring 40 assures that upward drag forces do not disrupt the connection 119. Skirt member is attached to seal carrying sleeve by a shear screw 81. The remaining sleeve members 90, 101) and are assembled as an integral unit by threaded connections 91 and 101. Seals 92 and 102 assure that theseare fluid-tight connections.

Mounted around tubular body 52 in an axially spaced relationship are a pair of seal assemblies and 130. Each seal assembly 120, 130 is provided with internal 121, 131 and external 122,132 seal rings. Upper seal assembly 120 is held in place by a pair of retainer rings and 126 while lower seal assembly 130 is held in place by a pair of similar retainer rings and 136. The pressure chamber sleeve 100 is also provided with a seal ring 104. The seal assemblies 120, 130 and seal ring 104 cooperate with tubular body 52 and the sleeve assembly 70 to form a pair of annular variable volume or expansion chambers 72, 74 between tubular body 52 and sleeve assembly 70. The upper chamber 74 communicates with the upper bore 51 of body 52 through the upper set of ports 56. The lower chamber 72 communicates with the counterbore area 51a of tubular body 52 through the intermediate set of ports 57.

In the initial, or running in, position of the circulating joint shown in FIG. 2, the skirt member 80 blocks passage of fluid from the interior of body 52. Seal rings 94 and 84 cooperate to form a pressure chamber 85 communicating with the counterbore 51a of tubular body 52 through circulating ports 5%. After the tubing string, to which the circulating joint is attached, has been landed and circulation is desired, the circulation ports 58 must be opened. This is accomplished by applying pressure to the tubing string, in which the circulating joint 50 is installed. The expansion chambers 74 and 72 are exposed to this pressure through ports 56 and 57, respectively. Since the pressure in these chambers act in opposite directions on the opposing equal annular surface areas 106 and 108 of the sleeve assembly 70, the resulting force tending to break the shear connection 119 is zero, so that the sleeve assembly components 90, MM) and 110 remain in the position shown in FIG. 2.

This same pressure also communicates with the chamber 85, partially formed by skirt member 80. However, in this chamber, the opposing forces on annular areas 96 and 86 apply a shear stress to the shear screw 81. As soon as the pressure in the tubing string reaches a value sufficient to shear this screw 81, say, 1,000 to 1,200 psi, the skirt member 80 is axially displaced to the position shown in FIG. 3 where it is stopped by contact with body shoulder 60. If a sufficient pressure cannot be maintained by the lower production zone, a ball member may be dropped through the circulating joint into engagement with a seat member installed at the lower end of the tubing string, similar to the circulating joint seat member 62. This would close off the end of the tubing string and allow pressure to be increased. After the skirt member 80 has been displaced to the position shown in FIG. 3, the circulating ports 58 are then unblocked and free for passage of drilling fluid and circulating fluid from the long tubing string into the area surrounding the long string between permanent packer 25 and hydraulic packer 26 (FIG. 1). As shown in FIG. 1, the circulating fluid is pumped through the long string 21, out the circulating joint ports and back up through the short string 22, displacing the drilling fluid which has accumulated in the long string and in the area between packers 25 and 26.

After the drilling fluid has been displaced, it is necessary to once again seal off the circulating ports 58 to prevent comingling of production between the two production zones. This is accomplished by first dropping a rubber ball 140 down the long string until it engages the seating surface 68 of seat member 62 as shown in FIG. 4. The ball I40 and seat 62 may be considered to be a valve. Now, when pressure is applied to the tubing string, chamber 74 is subjected to the same pressure, but chamber 72 is isolated from that pressure by the closed valve, ball 140 and seat 62', and is at the lower pressure existing in the counterbore area 51a of tubular body 52. When the differential pressure between surfaces 106 and 108 is great enough, the shear connection 119, between sleeve assembly 70 and tubular body 52, fails and allows the remaining portion of sleeve assembly 70 to be axially displaced downwardly to the position shown in FIG. 4. A small port 109 equalizes pressure in the annular space 107 between seal assembly I30 and the upper end of seal carrying sleeve 90. To prevent the entrapment of fluid between the lower end of seal carrying sleeve 90 and skirt member 80, longitudinal slots 59 are provided on the lower exterior of body member 52. This allows passage of fluid by the seal ring 84. v

The upper seal assembly 120 is provided with a snap ring 127 which is outwardly biased. As soon as the sleeve assembly 70 is displaced downwardly a proper distance, this snap ring 127 springs into engagement with the shoulder 112 of retainer sleeve 110, preventing upward movement of the sleeve assembly 70 and maintaining it in the port blocking position shown in FIG. 4. As the sleeve assembly 70 is displaced downwardly it carries a pair of annular seal rings 97, 98 to the position shown, one above and one below the ports 58, sealing and blocking further passage through circulating ports 58.

Once the circulating ports 58 have again been closed, it is necessary to remove the ball member Md and seat member 62. This is accomplished by increasing the pressure in the tubing string until shear screw 61 is sheared, allowing the seat member 62 and ball 140 to drop out the end of the tubing string into the bottom of the well hole. If it had been necessary to place a similar ball in the bottom end of the string in order to accomplish the initial opening of circulating ports 58, the ball 140 and seat member 62 would stop at this point until further pressure is applied to remove that seat member and ball. In such a case, both sets of seat members and balls would be dropped into the bottom of the well hole. If the hydraulic packer 26 (see FIG. 1) had already been set, the well would now be ready for production. If not, the hydraulic packer 26 would be set at this point and the well would be ready for production.

The circulating joint of the present invention offers several alternatives for setting of the hydraulic packer. It could be set prior to circulation by applying pressure through the short string 22. In such packers, it is common to drop a ball through 'the short string so as to allow pressure to be applied to the packer. This ball 7 could then be pumped back to the surface during the circulating operations. Another way to set the hydraulic packer 26 would be to apply pressure to the packer through the long string when the ball M0 is seated on the seat member 62 as shown in FIG. 4. Still another would be to set the packer after circulation and reclosing of the circulatingjoint by applying pressure through the short string 22, with a ball and seat device similar to the ones (I40, 62) used in the circulating joint 50. After setting of the packer, the ball and seat would be pressured out the bottom of the short string to clear the string for production. Other alternatives for setting the hydraulic packer could be used. These are only examples to illustrate the flexibility of the present invention.

ated by pressure and without the use of wireline tools.

The method is very easy to perform and can be done after setting of both the permanent packer and hydraulic packers to prevent damage to packer seals and to maintain all production zones under full pressure control. The apparatus is simple and its manufacture is economically attractive. Operation of the circulating joint is dependent on pressure alone and does not require manipulation of a tubing string for opening and closing of circulating ports.

Although only one embodiment of the apparatus of the invention has been shown herein, several methods of its use have been described. Further variations of the apparatus and methods disclosed herein will be apparent to those skilled in the art. It is therefore intended that the scope of the invention be limited only by the claims which follow.

I claim:

ll. A method of evacuating drilling fluid from a multiple zone well having upper and lower packer means therein, comprising the steps of:

a. running a first string of tubing into said well for penetration of both of said packer means and having circulating joint means thereon for disposition between said upper and lower packer means;

b. running a second string of tubing into said well for penetration of said upper packer means;

0. applying pressure to said circulating joint means,

through said first string of tubing, to open port means therein; d. circulating fluid through said first and second strings, said port means and the area between said packer means, displacing drilling fluid accumulated between said packer means;

2. dropping closure means into said circulating joint means for engagement with seat means therein;

f. closing said port means independently of said second string of tubing by applying pressure to said joint means through said first string; and

g. removing said closure means from said circulating joint means by increasing the pressure applied to said joint means through said first string.

2. The method of claim 1 in which both said upper and lower packer means are completely set prior to said opening of said, port means.

3. The method of claim 2 in which said upper packer means is completely set after said running of said second string but prior to said opening of said port means.

thereto and circulating joint means thereon for disposition between said lower and upper packer means;

0. running a second string of tubing into said well and through said upper packer means;

d. setting said upper packer means;

2. applying pressure to said first string of tubing to open port means in said circulating joint means; f. circulating fluid through said first and second strings, said port means and the area between said upper and lower packer means to displace drilling fluid accumulated between said upper and lower packer means;

g. dropping closure means into said circulating joint means for engagement with seat means therein and closing said port means by applying pressure to said joint means through said first string; and

h. removing said closure means from said joint means by applying increased pressure to said joint means, through said first string.

5. The method of claim 4 in which said closing of said port means is accomplished while maintaining said second string in a stationary position.

Claims (5)

1. A method of evacuating drilling fluid from a multiple zone well having upper and lower packer means therein, comprising the steps of: a. running a first string of tubing into said well for penetration of both of said packer means and having circulating joint means thereon for disposition between said upper and lower packer means; b. running a second string of tubing into said well for penetration of said upper packer means; c. applying pressure to said circulating joint means, through said first string of tubing, to open port means therein; d. circulating fluid through said first and second strings, said port means and the area between said packer means, displacing drilling fluid accumulated between said packer means; e. dropping closure means into said circulating joint means for engagement with seat means therein; f. closing said port means independently of said second string of tubing by applying pressure to said joint means through said first string; and g. removing said closure means from said circulating joint means by increasing the pressure applied to said joint means through said first string.
2. The method of claim 1 in which both said upper and lower packer means are completely set prior to said opening of said, port means.
3. The method of claim 2 in which said upper packer means is completely set after said running of said second string but prior to said opening of said port means.
4. A method of evacuating drilling fluids from a multiple zone well having upper and lower packer means therein comprising the steps of: a. running and setting said lower packer means in said well; b. running a first string of tubing into said well and through said lower packer means, said first string of tubing having said upper packer means attached thereto and circulating joint means thereon for disposition between said lower and upper packer means; c. running a second string of tubing into said well and through said upper packer means; d. setting said upper packer means; e. applying pressure to said first string of tubing to open port means in said circulating joint means; f. circulating fluid through said first and second strings, said port means and the area between said upper and lower packer means to displace drilling fluid accumulated between said upper and lower packer means; g. dropping closure means into said circulating joint means for engagement with seat means therein and closing said port means by applying pressure to said joint means through said first string; and h. removing said closure means from said joint means by applying increased pressure to said joint means, through said first string.
5. The meThod of claim 4 in which said closing of said port means is accomplished while maintaining said second string in a stationary position.
US18699471 1971-10-06 1971-10-06 Method and apparatus for evacuating drilling fluids from a well Expired - Lifetime US3799268A (en)

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US43483874 US3882936A (en) 1971-10-06 1974-01-18 Apparatus for evacuating drilling fluids from a well

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Cited By (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871450A (en) * 1974-04-17 1975-03-18 Dresser Ind Dual string circulating valve
DE2922649A1 (en) * 1979-06-02 1980-12-04 Bergwerksverband Gmbh Device for draining waste drilling holes
US4624310A (en) * 1985-05-20 1986-11-25 Otis Engineering Corporation Well apparatus
US5048611A (en) * 1990-06-04 1991-09-17 Lindsey Completion Systems, Inc. Pressure operated circulation valve
US20060185841A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-08-24 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US20090314499A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole Shut Off Assembly for Artificially Lifted Wells
US20140119965A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2014-05-01 Rivener Musavirovich Gabdullin Downhole pump assembly
WO2016161904A1 (en) * 2015-04-09 2016-10-13 中国石油集团西部钻探工程有限公司 Ball-throwing sliding sleeve having removable ball seat

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US3467185A (en) * 1967-05-22 1969-09-16 Otis Eng Corp Pressure and mechanically operated valve
US3572434A (en) * 1969-10-03 1971-03-23 Pan American Petroleum Corp Pressure opened circulating sleeve

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US2897897A (en) * 1954-04-16 1959-08-04 Christian W Breukelman Testing loose sand oil well formations
US2911048A (en) * 1954-10-07 1959-11-03 Jersey Prod Res Co Apparatus for working over and servicing wells
US2798558A (en) * 1955-01-10 1957-07-09 Exxon Research Engineering Co Well completion apparatus
US3115187A (en) * 1959-04-27 1963-12-24 Brown Oil Tools Methods of and apparatus for selectively producing fluids from a plurality of subsurface fluid zones
US3118502A (en) * 1960-02-24 1964-01-21 Cicero C Brown Well completion apparatus
US3467185A (en) * 1967-05-22 1969-09-16 Otis Eng Corp Pressure and mechanically operated valve
US3572434A (en) * 1969-10-03 1971-03-23 Pan American Petroleum Corp Pressure opened circulating sleeve

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871450A (en) * 1974-04-17 1975-03-18 Dresser Ind Dual string circulating valve
DE2922649A1 (en) * 1979-06-02 1980-12-04 Bergwerksverband Gmbh Device for draining waste drilling holes
US4624310A (en) * 1985-05-20 1986-11-25 Otis Engineering Corporation Well apparatus
US5048611A (en) * 1990-06-04 1991-09-17 Lindsey Completion Systems, Inc. Pressure operated circulation valve
US20110155367A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2011-06-30 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US20060185841A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-08-24 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US7308934B2 (en) 2005-02-18 2007-12-18 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US20080190601A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2008-08-14 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US7490666B2 (en) 2005-02-18 2009-02-17 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US20090178798A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2009-07-16 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US8302678B2 (en) 2005-02-18 2012-11-06 Fmc Technologies Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US7900697B2 (en) 2005-02-18 2011-03-08 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US7614448B2 (en) 2005-02-18 2009-11-10 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Fracturing isolation sleeve
US8215399B2 (en) * 2008-06-18 2012-07-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole shut off assembly for artificially lifted wells
US20090314499A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole Shut Off Assembly for Artificially Lifted Wells
US20140119965A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2014-05-01 Rivener Musavirovich Gabdullin Downhole pump assembly
WO2016161904A1 (en) * 2015-04-09 2016-10-13 中国石油集团西部钻探工程有限公司 Ball-throwing sliding sleeve having removable ball seat
US10494901B2 (en) 2015-04-09 2019-12-03 Cnpc Xibu Drilling Engineering Company Limited Ball-dropping sliding sleeve with a removable ball seat

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Owner name: HUGHES TOOL COMPANY A CORP. OF DE

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Effective date: 19811214