US3764005A - Hydrocyclone pulp cleaner - Google Patents

Hydrocyclone pulp cleaner Download PDF

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US3764005A
US3764005A US3764005DA US3764005A US 3764005 A US3764005 A US 3764005A US 3764005D A US3764005D A US 3764005DA US 3764005 A US3764005 A US 3764005A
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chamber
pulp
baffle
portion
acceptable
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R Zemanek
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Boise Cascade Corp
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Boise Cascade Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/24Multiple arrangement thereof
    • B04C5/26Multiple arrangement thereof for series flow
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/14Construction of the underflow ducting; Apex constructions; Discharge arrangements ; discharge through sidewall provided with a few slits or perforations
    • B04C5/16Construction of the underflow ducting; Apex constructions; Discharge arrangements ; discharge through sidewall provided with a few slits or perforations with variable-size outlets from the underflow ducting

Abstract

This invention is a hydrocyclone pulp cleaner having a single conical shell divided into two separation chambers by an improved baffle construction which materially increases the efficiency of separation thus increasing the percentage of acceptable material and reducing the percentage of bottom reject material. The dividing baffle is constructed to provide an inlet for the material entering upper portion of the bottom chamber in a substantially tangential direction at the upper portion of the side wall of the lower chamber and in the form disclosed the size of the inlet opening is adjustable. The baffle is also designed to retard the flow of pulp from the top to the bottom chamber and is provided with a central discharge to remove the acceptable material from the bottom separation chamber upwardly through the baffle.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Zemanek HYDROCYCLONE PULP CLEANER [7 5] Inventor: Rudolph Zemanek, lntl Falls, Minn.

[73] Assignee: Boise Cascade Corporation, Boise,

Idaho [22] Filed: Feb. 22, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 117,566

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 695,347 8/1953 GreatBritain ..209/14 4 I Oct. 9, 1973 OTHER PUBLICATIONS Frykhult, German Printed Application No. 2,013,499, Pub. 10/15/70.

Primary Examiner-Frank W. Lutter Assistant Examiner-Ralph J. Hill .iwr xfl 9112 11; Adams bers by an improved baffle construction which materiallyhicreases the efficiency of separation thus increasing the percentage of acceptable material and reduc ing the percentage of bottom reject material. The dividing baffle is constructed to provide an inlet for the material entering upper portion of the bottom chamber in a substantially tangential direction at the upper portion of the side wall of the lower chamber and in the form disclosed the size of the inlet opening is adjustable. The baffle is also designed to retard the flow of pulp from the top to the bottom chamber and is provided with a central discharge to remove the acceptable material from the bottom separation chamber upwardly through the baffle.

9 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEDUCT "9197s I 3.764.005

I N VENTORv R0001 Pl/ Z'MAA/EK WWW lrraxwey HYDROCYCLONE PULP CLEANER This invention is particularly adapted to produce efficient separation with high capacity pulp flow and although the cleaner herein disclosed is related to the prior art cleaner disclosed and claimed in U. S. Letters Patent No. 3,425,545 of which the present inventor was a co-inventor, thepresent cleaner has proved considerably more efficient for use with high volume flow than was the cleaner disclosed in said prior art patent.

Pulp used in the paper making process must be highly refined in order to produce finished paper of acceptable strength and appearance. Impurities whichmust be removed from the paper pulp during the refining process may be classified generally in two categories. One type of impurity is material ofa heavier density than the density of the acceptable final pulp product} and consists of coarse material suchas bark anddirt, and is generally referred to by theterm specks. The heavier specks are removed at the bottom of hydrocyclone cleaners. In present pulp cleaning procedures it is normal to process the paper pulp through a stage of cleaning in which a plurality of high capacity pulp cleaners clean the pulp and pass an acceptable fraction on for further proccessing and paper making. However, in the prior art the acceptable fraction of pulp which is rejected with the impurities classified as specks is so large that a second stage of cleaning process is used on the rejected speck material from the first stage of the hydrocyclone cleaning system.

The present invention eliminates the necessity for a two stage cleaning process by improving the efficiency of the cleaning operation and speck removal in a sin- .gle stage operationr This invention is a two-chamber single stage hydrocyclone pulp cleaner with a baffle disposed between and connecting the two chambers and in which the rejected pulp does not contain acceptable fibers which must be reclaimed. The first chamber is a large conical chamber having a main feed pulp inlet in the side thereof and a discharge outlet at the top thereof forthe acceptable pulp. The first chambertapers downwardly to the baffle which serves to connect the first chamber with the second smaller conical chamber. The pulp travels helically downwardly in the first chamber with the heavy impure particles tending to accumulate along the peripheral edges of the fluid flow near the side wall of the chamber. The acceptable pulp is circulated towards the central area of the chamber by the centrifugal effect of concentrating impurities at the outer wall and as the chamber is tapered downwardly the volume of fluid flow is restricted so that the acceptable pulp material in the central region is forced'upwardly along the central vertical axis of the chamber and out the centrally located discharge outlet at the top thereof. The heavier unacceptable fibers concentrated at the outer edges of the fluid flow are permitted to travel through the baffle whereas the acceptable pulp materials in the center of the fluid flow are not allowed to travel through the baffle.

The second conical hydrocyclone chamber receives only the pulp containing the heavier impure particles and will further refine and separate these heavier impurities from the pulp. The baffle separating the first chamber from the second chamber is designed to allow only the peripheral rotating fluidin the first chamber to pass spirally downwardly into the second chamber and which will cause the refined acceptable material in' the first chamber to be directed upwardly towards the acceptable pulp discharge outlet therein. In the embodiment of my invention illustrated herein the baffle. consistsof a cylindrical side wall closed at the upper end and open at the lower end which is mounted on an annular attachment flange with the axis'of the cylinder coinciding with the vertical central axis of the conical chambers. A tangentially directed. slot is cut through the wall of the cylinder parallel to the axis thereof. The slot is cut in the direction of fluid flow so that the rotating heavier pulp passes into the lower chamber while maintaining its rotationalmovement. The size of the slot may be easily adjusted in the form of the baffle disclosed.

One of the results achieved by my invention is the reduction in the quantity of bottom reject material to a volume which may be effectively considered waste without the necessity or re-claiming acceptable fibers contained therein. This improvement in reducing the percentage of bottom rejects therefore eliminatesthe requirement of an entire second stage of hydrocyclone cleaning of the bottom rejected material.

It is accordingly an object of this invention to produce an improved single stage hydrocyclone pulp cleaning apparatus which will improve the overall efficiency of removing reject particles from a feed pulp material.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a pair of axially arranged conical separation chambers separated by an inverted cup-shaped baffle having a gener ally cylindrical side wall portion which is provided with an inlet opening to permit the heavier material circulating around the wall at the bottom of the upper chamber to pass into the lower chamber along the outside upper wall portion of said lower chamber, the acceptable material passing upwardly through the chambers and the reject material being discharged through an opening in the bottom of the lower chamber, said two chambers producing materially improved separation of the pulp material into the accepts and rejects.

These and. other objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following description made in connection with accompanying drawing wherein like reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the the several views, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a semi-diagrammatic cross-sectional view of a hydrocyclone cleaning apparatus according to my invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary central vertical sectional view of the separation baffle portion hydrocyclone apparatus shown in FIG. 1; and,

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view thereof taken substantially along lines 33 of FIG. 2.

In the embodiment of my invention shown in the fig ures reference number 10 generally designates the entirety of a hydrocyclone cleaning apparatus. The apparatus consists of an inlet chamber 12., a large first conical hydrocyclone chamber 14, and a second smaller hydrocyclone chamber 16 connected to the first at the bottom end thereof. Chamber 16 has a bottom reject orifice 17. The taper of the second conical chamber need not necessarily be of the same proportion as that of the first chamber, as is shown in this embodiment of my invention. Fluid flowing from the first hydrocyclone chamber tothe second must pass through a baffle element 18 which will be more fully explained later. A pipe 20 is connected to a feed pulp supply for the hydrocyclone pulp cleaning system. A valve 22 in pipe 20 is used to regulate the pressure and rate of flow of fluid pulp into the hydrocyclone cleaner. An inlet pipe 24 extends from the valve 22 so that paper pulp enters the inlet chamber 12 through a tangential inlet opening 26 which will cause the incoming pulp to rotate in the cleaning apparatus 10. A discharge outlet 28 is provided for acceptable fiber separated from impurities in the first larger conical'separation chamber 14. This outlet 28 may extend, as in this embodiment of my invention, through the inlet chamber 12 and out the top thereof. A valve 30 is provided in the acceptable fiber outlet 28 in order to control the back pressure of fluid in the first hydrocyclone chamber. As will be explained further, it is necessary to regulate the fluid pressures within the hydrocyclone chambers to establish the proper fluid flow characteristics for the most accept able pulp cleaning efficiency.

An outlet pipe 32 is provided, extending through the baffle 18, to discharge acceptable pulp from the second small conical hydrocyclone chamber 16. As shown in this embodiment of my invention, the pipe 32 may extend centrally through the central vertical axis of the larger hydrocyclone chamber 14, into the acceptable discharge pipe 28 and through the side thereof at a bend therein, as at 34. A valve 36 is provided in the pipe 32 in order to control the fluid flow in the pipe and to establish the proper back pressure characteristics in the hydrocyclone cleaning chamber 16 for the most acceptable cleaning characteristics and operation within the chamber. The back pressure in chamber 16 would not be as easily controlled and adjusted if the pipe 32 and valve 36 were eliminated and the baffle 18 had a central opening directly into the larger chamber 14.

The present embodiment of my invention includes a baffle member 18 separating the first and second conical hydrocyclone separation chambers. The baffle required to make this invention operative, as has been previously described, should be of a type allowing the fluid flowing tangentially near the peripheral side wall of the upper conical chamber 14 to flow into the lower chamber 16 and continue to circulate spirally downwardly in the second chamber as in the first. The embodiment of my invention, herein illustrated, employs an inverted cup-shaped baffle 18. The side wall portion 18a of the baffle 18 is generally cylindrical with a plate 18b at the upper end thereof and has an opening therein for connection with pipe 32 to discharge acceptable pulp from the lower conical hydrocyclone separating chamber 16. The lower end of the side wall 18a is secured to an annular mounting plate 180 which is suitably attached at the lower end of the upper chamber 14. Through the wall 18a there is a slot 18d which in the form shown extends the longitudinal length of the cylinder and which, as shown in FIG. 3, is tangentially directed so that the pulp portion circulating around the outer portion of chamber 14 in a generally downwardly extending direction will be directed through the slot 18d tangentially into the upper portion of the lower chamber. The rate of fluid entry into the lower chamber is regulated by the size of the slot and pressure of the pulp in the lower portion of the upper chamber 14. That is the fluid which enters the lower conical separating chamber 16 will be directed in a spiral motion and the volume of fluid entering said chamber is controlled by the dimensions of the slot 18d.

In the form shown, the size of the slot 18d can be adjusted during the operation of the separator. This can be accomplished in a number of ways. The adjustment means illustrated consists in a longitudinally adjustable generally cylindrical sleeve portion 19 which is connected to the upper end of the tapered shell forming the lower chamber 16. The cylindrical portion 19 is vertically adjustable within the cylindrical side wall portion 18a of baffle 18 by means of a threaded connection therewith thereby varying the length of slot 18d. An internally threaded sleeve member fixed to the lower portion of mounting plate is provided to permit full length opening of slot 18d while still providing support for the shell of the lower chamber 16. Suitable handles 19a may be provided for assisting in the rotational adjustment of said lower shell portion.

In operation, the fluid pulp material containing speck type impurities, flows through pipe 20, valve 22, into the upper end of upper inlet chamber 12 through the tangential opening 26 to produce the desired cyclonic rotation of the pulp within the upper separating chamber 14 of the hydrocyclone cleaning apparatus. The rotating fluid pulp flows downwardly as a result of the operation of gravitational force and the particles of heavier density accumulate near the side wall of the upper chamber 14 as a result of centrifugal force. As the chamber 14 is tapered in a conical shape in the downward direction, the volume of pulp accommodated at the top of the chamber 14 does not have suffrcient room at the bottom of the chamber. Therefore, the fluid tends to rotation more rapidly as it travels downwardly and inwardly in the chamber and the fluid near the center of rotation is forced upwardly to the acceptable pulp outlet 48 throughout the length of the chamber. The heavy body impurities, however, are retained near the outer wall and travel the entire length of the upper chamber 14 in a downward spiral path and are admitted to the lower chamber 16 through the tangentially directed slot 18d in the baffle 18 while maintaining the cyclonic rotational movement thereof.

Most of the acceptable pulp in the original feed pulp is carried away as a result of the separating action in the first chamber and as a result only pulp containing a relatively high concentration of impurities is introduced into the lower chamber 16. It has been found that the appropriate rotational velocities and rate of passage of fluid through a conical separation chamber when impurities are relatively concentrated must be different from that when impurities are relatively less concentrated. In the first chamber 14, of this embodiment of my invention, the inlet pulp feed rate is controlled by valve 22 and the pressure drop between the inlet 26 and the outlet 28 is controlled by valve 30, the differential pressure between the inlet feed pulp and the outlet of acceptable feed pulp determining the rate of passage of fluid through the chamber. The operator of this hydrocyclone separator will adjust the fluid pressure and the rate of flow thereof through the first chamber so that conditions are optimum for efficient separation of accepts from rejects in the concentration of original feed pulp. The baffle 18 acts to control the rate of fluid flow from the first chamber 14 to the lower chamber 16. The inlet slot 18d controls the rotational velocity and volume of the pulp entering the chamber 16. The rate of flow and pressure of fluid pulp in the chamber 16 is controlled by the dimensions of the inlet slot 18d, the reject discharge orifice 17 in the chamber 16 and the valve 36 on the acceptable pulp outlet of the chamber 16. Thus, in the operation of the unit illustrated, the size of the bottom orifice 17 and the slot 18d and the setting of the valves 22, 36 and 30, can be used to regulate the fluid flow characteristics in the two chambers respectively to produce optimum separation characteristics in both chambers. Q

It will be appreciate that I have provided an improved single stage hydrocyclone pulp cleaner having two chambers. A substantial benefit of this invention is that the quantity of bottom reject material is reduced to the point where a further stage of cleaning of the pulp is not required and the reject material may be treated as waste. This substantially reduces the cost of pulp cleaning by eliminating the capital expense and cost of operating a second stage of cleaners and associated dumping machinery which is presently conventionally used for reclaiming acceptable pulp from a pulp material having an unacceptable content of rejects.

It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportion of the parts without departing from the scope of the invention, which generally stated, consists in the matter set forth in the accompanying claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A hydrocyclone pulp cleaner for separating impurities from wood pulp comprising, as a single stage cleaning unit,

a baffle member,

a casing portion defining with said baffle member a first conical chamber having a pulp inlet at the upper large diameter end thereof, said inlet disposed so that cyclonic rotational movement is produced in the pulp being supplied to said chamber, and having a centrally disposed discharge conduit at the large diameter upper end thereof for removing acceptable pulp therefrom,

a casing portion defining with said baffle member a second conical chamber connected to the lower end of the first chamber and having a final reject outlet opening at the bottom thereof,

said baffle member disposed between said first and second chambers having passage means at the outward portion thereof permitting pulp to flow from a position near the side wall of the bottom of the first chamber into the top of the second chamber in a manner to produce rotational cyclonic movement in the body of pulp discharged into said second chamber, and a central conduit section in the upper portion of said second chamber for removing the acceptable pulp therefrom, and

means for adjustably varying the differential pressure between the pulp inlet and at least certain of said pulp discharge outlets of the cleaning unit to regulate the pulp flow conditions in said unit.

2. Structure set forth in claim 1 and said baffle comprising an inverted cup-shaped member having a generally cylindrical side wall portion with a tangentially directed opening formed therein to tangentially discharge into the upper portion of the second chamber, the portion of the pulp circulating in close association to the lower inside wall surface of the first chamber.

3. Structure set forth in claim 2 and means for varying the size of the discharge opening in said baffle side wall.

4. Structure set forth in claim 3 and said means comprising an axially adjustable valve member mounted adjacent said opening and adjustably projectable longitudinally thereof for varying the length of said opening.

5. Structure set forth in claim 3 and valve means for varying the flow of pulp through said inlet and the discharge conduits from the two chambers.

6. Structure set forth in claim 4 and said valve member comprising the upper portion of the casing defining the second chamber, said casing having a threaded connection with the side wall of said baffle member whereby rotation of the casing projects the upper portion thereof upwardly and downwardly to vary the length of said opening.

7. Structure set forth in claim 1 and valve means for controlling the flow through said central discharge conduit connected to the first chamber to adjust the back pressure of the acceptable material flowing from said first chamber.

8. The structure set forth in claim 7 and valve means for controlling the flow of pulp through the pulp inlet at the upper end of the first chamber.

9. Structure set forth in claim 8 and valve means for controlling the flow of acceptable pulp through the central conduit section in the upper portion of said second chamber.

Claims (9)

1. A hydrocyclone pulp cleaner for separating impurities from wood pulp comprising, as a single stage cleaning unit, a baffle member, a casing portion defining with said baffle member a first conical chamber having a pulp inlet at the upper large diameter end thereof, said inlet disposed so that cyclonic rotational movement is produced in the pulp being supplied to said chamber, and having a centrally disposed discharge conduit at the large diameter upper end thereof for removing acceptable pulp therefrom, a casing portion defining with said baffle member a second conical chamber connected to the lower end of the first chamber and having a final reject outlet opening at the bottom thereof, said baffle member disposed between said first and second chambers having passage means at the outward portion thereof permitting pulp to flow from a position near the side wall of the bottom of the first chamber into the top of the second chamber in a manner to produce rotational cyclonic movement in the body of pulp discharged into said second chamber, and a central conduit section in the upper portion of said second chamber for removing the acceptable pulp therefrom, and means for adjustably varying the differential pressure between the pulp inlet and at least certain of said pulp discharge outlets of the cleaning unit to regulate the pulp flow conditions in said unit.
2. Structure set forth in claim 1 and said baffle comprising an inverted cup-shaped member having a generally cylindrical side wall portion with a tangentially directed opening formed therein to tangentially discharge into the upper portion of the second chamber, the portion of the pulp circulating in close association to the lower inside wall surface of the first chamber.
3. Structure set forth in claim 2 and means for varying the size of the discharge opening in said baffle side wall.
4. Structure set forth in claim 3 and said means comprising an axially adjustable valve member mounted adjacent said opening and adjustably projectable longitudinally thereof for varying the length of said opening.
5. Structure set forth in claim 3 and valve means for varying the flow of pulp through said inlet and the discharge conduits from the two chambers.
6. Structure set forth in claim 4 and said valve member comprising the upper portion of the casing defining the second chamber, said casing having a threaded connection with the side wall of said baffle member whereby rotation of the casing projects the upper portion thereof upwardly and downwardly to vary the length of said opening.
7. Structure set forth in claim 1 and valve means for controlling the flow through said central discharge conduit connected to the first chamber to adjust the back pressure of the acceptable material flowing from said first chamber.
8. The structure set forth in claim 7 and valve means for controlling the flow of pulp through the pulp inlet at thE upper end of the first chamber.
9. Structure set forth in claim 8 and valve means for controlling the flow of acceptable pulp through the central conduit section in the upper portion of said second chamber.
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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3862041A (en) * 1972-03-16 1975-01-21 Klas Robert William Robinson Liquid suspension purifying unit
DE2512104A1 (en) * 1974-03-20 1975-10-09 Yasuhito Nishioka cyclone
US3928186A (en) * 1973-07-24 1975-12-23 Boise Cascade Corp Combined pulp cleaning system including high and low pressure drop hydrocyclone cleaners
DE2547228A1 (en) * 1974-11-01 1976-05-13 Edward L Rastatter Device with a bundle vertebrate cyclones
US4226726A (en) * 1979-03-05 1980-10-07 Technical Systems Co. Desilter
US4267048A (en) * 1979-03-12 1981-05-12 Oishikikai Mfg. Co., Ltd. Equipment for separating foreign matter from liquid papermaking materials
US4280902A (en) * 1979-07-04 1981-07-28 Kamyr Aktiebolag Separation of dense impurities from a fluid
WO1982002344A1 (en) * 1981-01-15 1982-07-22 Co Inc Donaldson Fluid recovery system
US4366069A (en) * 1981-04-16 1982-12-28 Donaldson Company, Inc. Coolant recovery system
US4375411A (en) * 1981-04-16 1983-03-01 Donaldson Company, Inc. Device for limiting vortex flow
US4412919A (en) * 1982-04-26 1983-11-01 Takara Kogyo Co., Ltd. Water purification device
US4516989A (en) * 1981-12-30 1985-05-14 Shell Oil Company Process for removing fly ash particles from a gas at elevated pressure
US4670161A (en) * 1984-08-21 1987-06-02 Premiere Casing Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating particles fluidly suspended in a slurry
US4725409A (en) * 1982-12-03 1988-02-16 Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Arrangement for fine dust separation in a fluidized bed reactor
US4997549A (en) * 1989-09-19 1991-03-05 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc. Air-sparged hydrocyclone separator
US5240115A (en) * 1992-11-10 1993-08-31 Beloit Technologies, Inc. Field adjustable hydrocyclone
US20060163153A1 (en) * 2002-05-27 2006-07-27 Caldelman Sven L Hydrocyclone
US20090152204A1 (en) * 2005-11-09 2009-06-18 Saipem S.A. Method and a Device for Separating a Multiphasic Liquid
US20100264088A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-21 Sorbwater Technology As Apparatus and method for separation of phases in a multiphase flow

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3862041A (en) * 1972-03-16 1975-01-21 Klas Robert William Robinson Liquid suspension purifying unit
US3928186A (en) * 1973-07-24 1975-12-23 Boise Cascade Corp Combined pulp cleaning system including high and low pressure drop hydrocyclone cleaners
DE2512104A1 (en) * 1974-03-20 1975-10-09 Yasuhito Nishioka cyclone
US3990976A (en) * 1974-03-20 1976-11-09 Yasuhito Nishioka Cyclone with plural peripheral discharge tubes
DE2547228A1 (en) * 1974-11-01 1976-05-13 Edward L Rastatter Device with a bundle vertebrate cyclones
US4226726A (en) * 1979-03-05 1980-10-07 Technical Systems Co. Desilter
US4267048A (en) * 1979-03-12 1981-05-12 Oishikikai Mfg. Co., Ltd. Equipment for separating foreign matter from liquid papermaking materials
US4280902A (en) * 1979-07-04 1981-07-28 Kamyr Aktiebolag Separation of dense impurities from a fluid
WO1982002344A1 (en) * 1981-01-15 1982-07-22 Co Inc Donaldson Fluid recovery system
US4366069A (en) * 1981-04-16 1982-12-28 Donaldson Company, Inc. Coolant recovery system
US4375411A (en) * 1981-04-16 1983-03-01 Donaldson Company, Inc. Device for limiting vortex flow
US4516989A (en) * 1981-12-30 1985-05-14 Shell Oil Company Process for removing fly ash particles from a gas at elevated pressure
US4412919A (en) * 1982-04-26 1983-11-01 Takara Kogyo Co., Ltd. Water purification device
US4725409A (en) * 1982-12-03 1988-02-16 Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Arrangement for fine dust separation in a fluidized bed reactor
US4670161A (en) * 1984-08-21 1987-06-02 Premiere Casing Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating particles fluidly suspended in a slurry
US4997549A (en) * 1989-09-19 1991-03-05 Advanced Processing Technologies, Inc. Air-sparged hydrocyclone separator
US5240115A (en) * 1992-11-10 1993-08-31 Beloit Technologies, Inc. Field adjustable hydrocyclone
US20060163153A1 (en) * 2002-05-27 2006-07-27 Caldelman Sven L Hydrocyclone
US20090152204A1 (en) * 2005-11-09 2009-06-18 Saipem S.A. Method and a Device for Separating a Multiphasic Liquid
US9797233B2 (en) 2005-11-09 2017-10-24 Saipem S.A. Method and a device for separating a multiphasic liquid
US8815100B2 (en) * 2005-11-09 2014-08-26 Saipem S.A. Method and a device for separating a multiphasic liquid
WO2010123373A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-28 Sorbwater Technology As Apparatus and method for separation of phases in a multiphase flow
US8951422B2 (en) * 2009-04-20 2015-02-10 Sorbwater Technology As Apparatus and method for separation of phases in a multiphase flow
US8950589B2 (en) 2009-04-20 2015-02-10 Sorbwater Technology As Apparatus and method for separation of phases in a multiphase flow
CN102438758B (en) * 2009-04-20 2015-05-13 索尔博水技术公司 Apparatus and method for separation of phases in a multiphase flow
US20100264088A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-21 Sorbwater Technology As Apparatus and method for separation of phases in a multiphase flow

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