US37620A - Improved construction ofships of war and other batteries for defense against projectiles - Google Patents

Improved construction ofships of war and other batteries for defense against projectiles Download PDF

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US37620A
US37620A US37620DA US37620A US 37620 A US37620 A US 37620A US 37620D A US37620D A US 37620DA US 37620 A US37620 A US 37620A
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iron
plates
timbers
projectiles
set
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT GEEICE.

JAMES S. GIBBONS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

IMPROVED CONSTRUCTION OF SHIPS OF WAR AND OTHER BATTERIES FOR DEFENSE AGAINST PROIECTILES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 37,620, dated February 10, 1863.

To all whom, t may concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES S. GIBBONS, of New York, in' the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in the Construction of Ships, Forts, and Batteries; and T do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.

My invention consists in a peculiar arrangement and combination of timbers and iron plates in the construction of ships, forts, and batteries for the purpose of resisting projectiles, said plates being set edgewise, so as to offer the greatest resistance to the projectiles. t

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is au isometric perspective of three layers of timbers and iron plates intended to form part of a ships side. Figs. 2, 3, 4 represent the same la-yers when separated.

ln the drawings, A B G indicate the timbers and d cf the iron plates.l The timbers andv plates in the separate layers, Figs. 2, 3, 4, all are bolted together, and the separate layers are also bolted to each other, so as to make the wall of the ships side one solid mass of timber and iron plates. By this arrangement of iron plates, alternated with the timbers, each stick of timber is firmly iron-bound, and therefore capable of resisting a tremendous stroke from a projectile without being shattered, and the iron plates themselves, being set edgewise, oifer the greatest possible resistance to a projectile without being broken.

The number of layers of timber and iron plates in a vessels sides may be varied, and the entire wall may be made of any thickness so as to resist the most destructive projectiles. The timbers and plates in the different layers are arranged to run in different directions,

crossing each other at differing angles, thus presenting both iron and wood at short intervals over the whole area ofthe ship.

It'may be better to set the iron plates obliquely, (or at least some of them,) and make the timbers wedge-shaped laterally, or with one side thicker than the other, so as to tit between the iron plates. For instance, two iron plates may be set so that their front edges meet with a thin wedge of wood fitted between their back edges. Then the broader timbers set between each pair of such plates would wedge in from the front, and if struck by a projectile the broad timbers would be pressed between two pairs of plates and wedge tighter and tighter according to the force of the projectile. Other arrangements of wedgeshaped timbers would have a similar effect.

In this case the timber when struck by a projectile will be pressed between the iron plates, tightening' the joints, and thus rendering the wall firmer and more capable of resisting the action of the projectile.

This construction of vessel will resist the action of projectiles which are liable to break an iron vessel by repeated battering in one place, and at the same time the comparatively small amount of iron employed enables the vessel to sail much better than those made principally of iron or heavily iron-clad, because of the lighter draft obtained.

My improvement is perfectly applicable to forts, batteries, and other fortications, as well as to vessels of war.

I am aware that the use of iron plates set edgewise to resist projectiles is not new in the constructionof ships. but my improved arrangement of making several series of iron plates cross each other, and the use of wedgeshaped timbers, is both new and useful.

Having thus fully described my invention, what l claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-

The use of wedge shaped timbers, in connection with iron plates, for the purpose of resisting projectiles, substantially as specied, and in combination therewith so arranging the plates in one series that they cross those of another, substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

J. S. GIBBONS.

Witnesses:

EDM. F. BROWN, DANIEL BREED.

US37620A Improved construction ofships of war and other batteries for defense against projectiles Expired - Lifetime US37620A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040248363A1 (en) * 2003-06-09 2004-12-09 International Business Machines Corporation Soi trench capacitor cell incorporating a low-leakage floating body array transistor
US20050178190A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2005-08-18 Wollenberg Robert H. High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040248363A1 (en) * 2003-06-09 2004-12-09 International Business Machines Corporation Soi trench capacitor cell incorporating a low-leakage floating body array transistor
US20050178190A1 (en) * 2004-02-13 2005-08-18 Wollenberg Robert H. High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions

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