US376203A - James a - Google Patents

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US376203A
US376203A US376203DA US376203A US 376203 A US376203 A US 376203A US 376203D A US376203D A US 376203DA US 376203 A US376203 A US 376203A
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Prior art keywords
hub
trap
die
branch
thickened portion
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P13/00Making metal objects by operations essentially involving machining but not covered by a single other subclass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/4456With liquid valves or liquid trap seals
    • Y10T137/4463Liquid seal in liquid flow line; flow liquid forms seal
    • Y10T137/4576U-seals
    • Y10T137/4606Even diameter legs
    • Y10T137/4613Access opening
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49428Gas and water specific plumbing component making
    • Y10T29/49439Trap making

Description

(No Model.)

J. A. LOWE.

METHOD OF MAKING LEAD TRAPS. No. 376,203. v PatentedJan. 10, 1888.

UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.

JAMES A. LOWE, OF NORTH BRANCH, NEW JERSEY.

METHOD OF MAKING LEAD TRAPS- SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 376,203, dated January 10, 1888.

Application filed May 12, 1887. Serial No. 237,970. (No model.) 7

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES A. Lown, of North Branch, in the county of Somerset and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and useful Improvement in the Method of Making Lead Traps, of which the following is a-specification. I

As most'commonly constructed, traps for water closets and other purposes have a branch with which may be connected a pipe leading upward to the roof of the building, and it has been common heretofore for plumbers to soldera small vent branch formed in a separate piece upon the top of the trap, and then flange the branch over and connect therewith, in anysuitable manner, the pipeleading to the roof. My trap in this respect does not difler from those commonly employed; but the novelty of my invention consists in the method or process of making a trap having a vent branch formed integral therewith, consisting in first producing the trap with a hub or thickened portion upon it, and then subjecting the hub or thickened portion to a drawing opera:- tion, whereby the metal thereof is systematically displaced, so as to form a vent branch which is integral with the trap. As the drawing operation to which the thickened portion or hub is subjected would otherwise tear andbreak the metal forming the hub or projection, I subject it 'to a drawing operation in a die having a roughened or corrugatedinterior surface, and

as fast as the hub or projection is drawn into this die in the drawing operation it engages with the roughened or corrugated interior surface thereof, and forms a resistance additional to the strength of the metal, and which prevents it from being drawn apart and spoiled.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a partly-sectional elevation of a cast metal trap having formed upon its topa hub or thickened portion from which the vent branch is to be produced by drawing. Figs. 2 and 3 are sectional views corresponding with each other, but illustrating a portion only of the trap and the tools whereby the drawing operation is performed, Fig. 2 representing the parts as in the position which they occupy at the commencement of the drawing operation, and Fig. 3 representing the positionof the parts near the completion of thedrawing operation. Fig.

. 4 is a partly-sectional elevation of acompleted trap embodying my invention.

Similar letters of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures.

A designatesa trap ofcast-lead, of the usual form, except at the top of the bend is ahub or thickened portion, A, havinga central cavity, b, and an external shoulder, b. The essential feature ofnovelty in my invention consists in producing a trap with a hub or thickened portion, A, and then subjecting such hub or thickened portion to an operation on an ordinary drawing-bench, or otherwise. As it is only necessary that the drawing operation should be slow and powerful, it is not necessary to Thetools whereby the drawing is performed consist of a die, 0, and a mandrel or core, D. The die 0 has its interior corresponding to the exterior of the branch B, and is fitted in a holder or socket, O. This die is also prefer ably divided axially into three or more parts, and such division provides for readily removing the die from the exterior of the branch B, although, when in operation, the parts of the die are held in proper position by the holder 0. The mandrel or core D is of smooth taper form, and has its smaller end of a size to fit within the cavity or recess b, (shown in Fig. 1, and also in Fig. 2,) and its larger end corresponding to the interior bore ordiameter of the branch B, as shown completed in Fig. 4. This mandrel or core may be readily introduced through the open end of the trap A,and

in the hub or thickened portion A is bored a hole, N, which is of sufficient size to receivea rod, D. The core or mandrel having been introduced through the open end of the trap, it is screwed or otherwise secured upon the rod D, and if now the parts be subjected to a drawing operation the thickened portionvor hub A will be changed into the form of the vent branch B shown in Fig. 4.. The die 0 has a shoulder, a, which is of proper shape to receive the shoulder b, and the drawing or distortion of the metal takes place entirely in the part above the shoulder b. If the interior of the die C were smooth, the drawing operation, owing to the lowdegree of tenacity in thelead, would tear the hub or thickened portion A away from the pipe at the shoulder b,- but to avoid this result the interior of the die 0 is corrugated by grooves or a shallow screwthread formed therein, and in the drawing operation the branch B is forced into this roughened die, and has a correspondingly corrugated or roughened surface. The crowding of the metal into the corrugated or roughened surface sustains it at the point of drawing, and the metal in the hub or thickened portion A cannot come away with the core or mandrel D, but is simply displaced or forced solidly against the wall of the die 0.

In Fig. 2 I have represented the thickened portion or hub A and the core or mandrel D in the position which they occupy at the commencement of the drawing, and in Fig. 3 I have represented the parts as in the position which they occupy at very near the completion of the drawing operation.

It will be understood that the core or mandrel .D is simply drawn through the die O,dis-

placing the metal of the hub A, and forming therefrom the branch B, having its interior preferably truly eylindric and its exterior very slightly tapered toward the upper end.

\Vhat I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. The process of making a trap having the vent branch formed integral therewith, consisting in first producing the trap with a hub or thickened port-ion upon it, and then subjecting such hub or thickened portion to a drawing operation, substantially as herein described.

2. The process of making a trap having a vent branch formed integral therewith, consisting in first producing the trap with a hub or thickened portion upon it, and then subjecting such hub or thickened portion to a drawing operation in a die having a roughened or corrugated interior surface, substantially as herein described.

JAMES A. LO\VE.

Witnesses:

G. HALL, Mmnn'r LINDEMAN.

US376203D James a Expired - Lifetime US376203A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030088261A1 (en) * 2000-01-28 2003-05-08 Stat Medical Device Inc. Adjustable tip for a lancet device and method
US20030225430A1 (en) * 1998-06-11 2003-12-04 Stat Medical Devices Inc. Lancet having adjustable penetration depth
US20040147948A1 (en) * 2002-04-29 2004-07-29 Steven Schraga Lancet device
US20040181249A1 (en) * 2003-03-10 2004-09-16 Pathway Medical Technologies, Inc. Bearing system to support a rotatable operating head in an intracorporeal device
US20050234495A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2005-10-20 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Adjustable lancet device and method
US20050245955A1 (en) * 2000-01-05 2005-11-03 Steven Schraga Lancet depth adjustment assembly
US20050288699A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2005-12-29 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Adjustable disposable/single-use lancet device and method
US20060116705A1 (en) * 2004-11-30 2006-06-01 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Disposable or single-use lancet device and method
US20060173478A1 (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-03 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Multi-lancet unit, method and lancet device using the multi-lancet unit, and method of assembling and/or making the multi-lancet unit
US20070095178A1 (en) * 2005-11-03 2007-05-03 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Disposable/single-use blade lancet device and method
US20080092241A1 (en) * 2006-10-11 2008-04-17 Media Machines, Inc. Provision and use of digital rights data for embedded content over networked systems

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080045992A1 (en) * 1998-06-11 2008-02-21 Stat Medical Devices, Inc., Of North Miami, Fl Lancet having adjustable penetration depth
US20030225430A1 (en) * 1998-06-11 2003-12-04 Stat Medical Devices Inc. Lancet having adjustable penetration depth
US20050245955A1 (en) * 2000-01-05 2005-11-03 Steven Schraga Lancet depth adjustment assembly
US20030088261A1 (en) * 2000-01-28 2003-05-08 Stat Medical Device Inc. Adjustable tip for a lancet device and method
US20040147948A1 (en) * 2002-04-29 2004-07-29 Steven Schraga Lancet device
US20040181249A1 (en) * 2003-03-10 2004-09-16 Pathway Medical Technologies, Inc. Bearing system to support a rotatable operating head in an intracorporeal device
US20050234495A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2005-10-20 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Adjustable lancet device and method
US20050288699A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2005-12-29 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Adjustable disposable/single-use lancet device and method
US20060116705A1 (en) * 2004-11-30 2006-06-01 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Disposable or single-use lancet device and method
US20060173478A1 (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-03 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Multi-lancet unit, method and lancet device using the multi-lancet unit, and method of assembling and/or making the multi-lancet unit
US9289161B2 (en) 2005-01-28 2016-03-22 Stat Medical Divices, Inc. Multi-lancet unit, method and lancet device using the multi-lancet unit, and method of assembling and/or making the multi-lancet unit
US20070095178A1 (en) * 2005-11-03 2007-05-03 Stat Medical Devices, Inc. Disposable/single-use blade lancet device and method
US20080092241A1 (en) * 2006-10-11 2008-04-17 Media Machines, Inc. Provision and use of digital rights data for embedded content over networked systems

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