US3750925A - Snap attaching apparatus - Google Patents

Snap attaching apparatus Download PDF

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US3750925A
US3750925A US00205550A US3750925DA US3750925A US 3750925 A US3750925 A US 3750925A US 00205550 A US00205550 A US 00205550A US 3750925D A US3750925D A US 3750925DA US 3750925 A US3750925 A US 3750925A
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guide channel
chute
head
channel
prongs
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US00205550A
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E Schmidt
V Schmidt
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UNIVERSAL FASTENERS Inc A CORP OF
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Textron Inc
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Assigned to UNIVERSAL FASTENERS INC., A CORP. OF DE reassignment UNIVERSAL FASTENERS INC., A CORP. OF DE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: TEXTRON INC., A CORP. OF DE
Assigned to UNIVERSAL FASTENERS INC., A CORP OF DE reassignment UNIVERSAL FASTENERS INC., A CORP OF DE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: UNIVERSAL FASTENERS INC.,
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H37/00Machines, appliances or methods for setting fastener-elements on garments
    • A41H37/10Setting buttons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H37/00Machines, appliances or methods for setting fastener-elements on garments
    • A41H37/04Setting snap fasteners

Abstract

An improved feed arrangement is disclosed for feeding two component fasteners, such as buttons, snaps and the like having a pronged element and a backing element, to an apparatus which attaches the fasteners to material, such as a garment. The feed arrangement for each component includes a hopper-chute assembly, a guide channel and a driving means. Each hopper-chute assembly is readily detachable from the apparatus to provide rapid substitution of one type or style of fastener for another and includes means preventing discharge of elements from the chute when the assembly is detached from the apparatus. The guide channel and drive means are arranged to receive elements from the chute and move them successively in a single step to a setting station where an anvil and a ram forcefully bring the elements together. The guide channel for the pronged elements is formed by a pair of spaced, opposed wall members spring biased towards each other. The wall members have faces of non-linear shape and taper towards each other in the direction of feed to form a labyrinth configuration therebetween. This configuration serves to align the prongs with the axis of the channel so that they will not be prematurely and unwantedly deformed by jaws on the anvil.

Description

tilted States Patent 1 Schmidt et al.
[ Aug. 7, 1973 1 1 SNAP ATTACHING APPARATUS {75 l inventors: Erich A. Schmidt, Volker E.
Schmidt, both of Lexington, Ky.
[73] Assignee: Textron Inc., Providence, R.I. [22] Filed: Dec. 7, 1971 21 Appl. No.: 205,550
Primary Examiner-Granville Y. Custer, Jr. Att0rneyAlexander R. Field [57] ABSTRACT An improved feed arrangement is disclosed for feeding two component fasteners, such as buttons, snaps and the like having a pronged element and a backing element, to an apparatus which attaches the fasteners to material, such as a garment. The feed arrangement for each component includes a hopper-chute assembly, a guide channel and a driving means. Each hopper-chute assembly is readily detachable from the apparatus to provide rapid substitution of one type or style of fastener for another and includes means preventing-discharge of elements from the chute when the assembly is detached from the apparatus. The guide channel and drive means are arranged to receive elements from the chute and move them successively in a single step to a setting station where an anvil and a ram forcefully bring the elements together. The guide channel for the pronged elements is formed by a pair of spaced, opposed wall members spring biased towards each other. The wall members have faces of non-linear shape and taper towards each other in the direction of feed to form a labyrinth configuration therebetween. This configuration serves to align the prongs withthe axis of the channel so that they will not be prematurely and unwantedly deformed by jaws on the anvil.
24 Claims, 8 Drawing; Figures PATENIEU MJS 7 I975 SHEU 2 BF 4 SNAP ATTACHING APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an apparatus for attaching two components of a fastener to material in a sandwich configuration and in particular to a feed device having a guide channel with a labyrinth passage which engages prongs projecting from one of said components to position properly the prongs by the time the pronged component reaches a setting station.
2. Description of the Prior Art The prior art is cognizant of apparatus which attaches fasteners to material, wherein the fastener is one of the several known types adapted to, close an opening in material, such as an article of clothing. Fasteners of this general type include buttons, snap fasteners, rivets and the like. In each case the fastener is characterized by at least two components, one of which has at least two prongs projecting therefrom. The prongs are adapted to penetrate both the material and the other component before being deformed to secure the fastener and material together. Examples of such fasteners may he found in U. S. Pat. Nos. 1,815,792 (metal snaps), 2,377,263 (buttons), and 3,107,408 (plastic snaps).
In the heretofore known fastener attaching machines, as shown for example in U. S. Pat. Nos. 1,944,510; 2,048,930; 2,614,714; and 3,225,993, the head elements having at least two prongs extending therefrom and the mating backing elements are stored in separate hoppers and are fed via separate chutes to a setting station -where an anvil and ram drive the elements togetherto fix the fastener on the material. The backing elements have presented little difficulty in delivery to the setting station since they are substantially flat members which are readily positioned in the backing element chute. However, the pronged head elements present far more difficulty in delivery since the prongs must be in substantially correct alignment with jaws of the anvil or ram at the beginning of the setting operation or the closing of the jaws will prematurely deform the prongs resulting in either a sloppy appearance of the fastener or inadequate overlap of the prongs on the backing element which will cause the fastener to come apart after only a few times of use.
Some of the attempts to solve this alignment problem have required complicated mechanical arrangements which sensed the positioning of either the head element itself or the prongs projecting therefrom. Most of these machines have provedto be unsatisfactory for a number of reasons which include vulnerability to jamming and being both complicated and expensive to produce and maintain. Also, the devices of the prior art have had a rather broad beam preventing their use in closely spaced arrangements which would allow securing of all of the fasteners on a garment in a single operation.
SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a guide channel which will properly orient prongs projecting from fastener elements as the elements are fed to a setting station.
It is also an object of the present invention to provide a guide channel having few moving parts which will reliably and accurately align prongs of fastener elements fed therethrough.
It is another object of the present invention to proreadily exchanged on an attaching apparatus, which will not unintentionally dispense fasteners when dis mounted from the apparatus, and which will feedfastener elements to a guide channel at an angle of approximately 45 so that the apparatus will present a narrow profile.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for attaching fasteners to a garment, which apparatus can be arranged. in closely adjacent series so that all of the fasteners for a garment can be mounted in a single operation.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a guide channel for a fastener attaching apparatus which is substantially free of stoppages but may be readily opened to clear any stoppages which may occur.
It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a single step feed mechanism for a fastener attaching apparatus which mechanism will feed only one mating pair of fastener elements at a time to setting station with the pronged element arriving at the station in substantially correct orientation.
The presentinvention is used in a fastener assembly apparatus and is characterized by a pair of hoppers and their associated chutes arranged to be readily .dismountable from the apparatus, means at one end of each chute to prevent the unintended discharge of fastener elements from the chute when dismounted from the apparatus, and the chutes arranged to feed fastener elements to their guide channels at an angle of approximately 45. The head element guide channel is formed by a pair of opposing, tapering, non-linear wall members forming therebetween a labyrinth configuration extending along the longitudinal axis of the channel. The channel has few moving partsand one wall portion is pivotally mounted in order to provide access to fastener elements within the channel. A fastener retainer member is arranged in the channel adjacent the chute to act in cooperation with pusher arm means to release the next successive fastener element only upon the initial forward movement of the pusher arm means. Drive means, including the pusher arm, arearranged tomove the elements through the guide channel to a setting station in a single stop.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other objects and advantages of the present inven tion will be apparent from the following detaileddescription when considered with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a fastener assembly apparatus embodying the present invention with a second like apparatus being shown in. phantom;
FIG. 2 is another perspective showing the guide channel in an open position;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the guide channel of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view, similar to FIG. 3, partially in section showing the passage of a pronged fastener elements through the guide channel and the details of one wall member;
FIG. 5 is a longitudinal section through the guide channel and chute taken alongline 5-5 of FIG. 3y
FIG. 6 is a vertical section through the guide channel and chute taken along line 6-6 of FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is an end view of the apparatus embodying the present invention; and
FIG. 8 is a schematic representation of the setting station during attachment of the fastener to a piece of material.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The present invention has been shown and is described in connection with a fastener assembly apparatus of a conventional type. Only those portions of the known apparatus which are necessary for an understanding of the present invention have been shown with any detail for descriptive purposes. For further details of the operating mechanism and structure of known apparatus of this type, reference is made to U. S. Pat. Nos. 2,048,930; 2,377,263; and 3,225,993. Also, the fastener shown is a snap fastener having a head element with at least two prongs projecting from the reverse side and a backing element formed as the socket portion of the snap. The obverse side of the head element can be colored or configured as desired but the present device will not register any head elements having an asymmetric design. The present feed arrangement will, of course, feed the mating stud element and its associated backing element, the only requirement being that the element having the projecting prongs must be fed through the guide channel having the labyrinth configuration.
The attaching apparatus according to the present invention includes a head element feed assembly 10, a backing element feed assembly 12, a setting station 14 and driving means 16, 18 for each feed assembly.
The head element feed assembly 10 includes a storage hopper 20 having a top filling cover 22, a bottom emptying cover 24, and an opening (not shown) through which the head elements are passed to a head element feed chute 26 by conventional means (also not shown). The lower end of chute 26 is detachably secured to a guide channel 28 bY means of thumb screw 30 and end element 32 as illustrated in FIG. 6. A leaf spring 34 is mounted in end element 32 to normally block passage of head elements from the chute when the thumb screw 30 does not hold end element 32 tightly against the guide channel 28. The end of the chute 26 approaches the guide channel at an angle of approximately 45.
The guide channel 28 extends in the feed direction from the area of the chute 26 to the setting station 14 and is constructed with a bottom surface 36 and two spaced side wall members 38 and 40. Each side wall member includes a portion 39 and 41, respectively, profiled to present a non-linear surface which decreasingly tapers inwards towards the longitudinal axis of the channel in the direction of feed. The details of only wall member 40 have been shown in FIG. 4 but it is to be understood that both wall members are substantially the same in this non-linear portion.
Element 42 is mounted in slot 43 formed in wall member 40. A surface of element 42 directed toward the longitudinal axis of the channel is profiled to present the above mentioned nonlinear tapering profile. The element 42 is mounted on a pair of spaced pins 44 having coil springs 45 mounted thereon between the element 42 and the wall member 40. The pins 44 have enlarged heads limiting the inward movement of the element towards the axis of the channel while permitting the outward movement away from 'the axis. The elements forming portions 39 and 41 together form a spring biased labyrinth passage in the channel.
The ends of the side wall members, at the setting sta tion has an arcuate recess which together form a vertically directed annular guide 46. Each side wall member also includes a longitudinal recess 47, 48 adjacent to and forming an extension of the bottom surface 36.
Side wall member 38 is formed as an assembly 49 which is pivoted on pin 50 and can be locked in the closed position by locking means 52.
The end of the side wall member 38 towards chute 26 includes a camming surface 54 which is inclined downwardly in the direction of feed. As is illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6, a bevelled area 56 is formed in side wall 40 opposite the chute 26. A retainer pin 58 mounted on the free end of a rotatable arm 60 extends above bottom surface 36 at the forward feed end of the bevelled area 56. The arm 60 is pivoted on pin 62 (FIG. 3) for horizontal movement in a recess 64 and is biased to the position shown in FIG. 6 by a spring 66. A pusher arm 68 is mounted at the rear end of the guide channel 28 and is adapted to be driven by drive means (not shown) longitudinally through the length of the guide channel in a slot 70. The front end of pusher arm 68 has a profiled portion 72 adapted to engage the fastener element.
The backing element feed assembly 12 is somewhat similar to the head element feed assembly 10. Backing element hopper 74 is substantially the same as hopper 20 and a chute 76 is similar to chute 26 while differing therefrom in length. Chute 76 is attached to a backing element guide channel 78 which is arranged to feed the backing elements to the setting station by any a pusher arm (not shown) which may be similar to the pusher arm 68 associated with guide channel 28.
As is shown in FIG. 8, the setting station includes an anvil 80 and a coaxially mounted ram 82. The upper end of anvil 80 has a slightly concave surface 84. Spring gripping jaws 86 and 88 are mounted on opposite sides of anvil 80 and are normally biased towards each other. The anvil and ram are attached to drive means (not shown) arranged to drive the anvil and ram vertically together. i
The apparatus includes several drive means none of which have been shown in detail since they may be of any suitable type such as electric, electromechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic systems. Each hopper is provided with drive means which initially move the elements from storage in the hopper to the chute. The pusher arm of each guide channel is operatively connected to drive means to be-driven thereby in order to push an element through its respective channel in a single step. A drive means drives the hammer and anvil together to set the fastener on the material. The last two mentioned drive means are preferably synchronized. Conventional means, such as a foot operated switch (not shown), are provided for the operator to actuate the drive means and effect the setting operation.
In order to operate the above apparatus, hoppers 20 and 74 are filled with head elements and backing elements, respectively, and the system is charged by a sufficient number of actuations of the hopper drive means to fill the associated chutes with fastener elements. Chute 26 is firmly held against channel 28 by thumb screw 30 so that spring 34 clears the chute for passage of the head elements. The leading head element 90 will fall into channel 28 at an angle of approximately 45 with the prongs 92 and 94 extending into bevelled area 56 and the head portion resting against retainer pin 58 and extending partially into recess 48. The lead backing element 96 will enter feed channel 78 about this same time.
The apparatus is now ready for the operator to position the material in the setting area and actuate the apparatus drive means by any conventional means (not shown) such as the foot switch mentioned above. The feed arm drive means (not shown) will cause the respective pusher arms to move forward in the feed direction. When pusher arm 68 moves forward it causes arm 60 to rotate counterclockwise against the bias of spring 66 until pin 58 clears the head element 90. As head element 90 begins to move forward, its uppermost or raised edge engages cam surface 54 and is cammed downward until the entire head portion rests against bottom surface 36 and the prongs 92 and 94 extend substantially vertically. The continued forward movement of pusher arm 68 and head element 90 brings the prongs 92 and 94 into a random engagement with the labyrinth passage formed by wall portions 39 and 41. As the prongs strike the wall portions, see FIG. 4, they will cause the head element to oscillate during advancing movement in the channel until the prongs are substantially in line with the longitudinal axis of the channel and the jaws 86 and 88 of the anvil 80. Any sharp blows of the prongs against the labyrinth passage will be absorbed by the spring biased portion forming elements.
The pusher arm delivers the head element 90 to anvil 80 substantially simultaneously with the delivery of a backing element 96 to ram 82. As the pusher arms begin to withdraw, the drive means for the ram and anvil (schematically shown by 16 and 18) are actuated. Anvil 80 is driven upward with jaws 86 and 88 initially holding the head element 90 in the desired position. The jaws will be cammed out of contact with the head element with the upward movement of the anvil and the head element will continue to be guided by the walls of the vertically directed annular guide 46. At the same time the anvil begins to move, the ram commences its downward trip carrying backing element 96 with it.
The upward drive of anvil 80 causes prongs 92 and 94 to penetrate the material 98, the backing element 96 and strike the end of ram 82 which causes the prongs to be deformed until the fastener elements and material are held tightly together. The anvil and ram are then drawn apart and the finished material removed.
Thepresent fastener attaching apparatus has many features which representsignificant advances in the art. Among these features is the head element feed chute approaching the guide channel at an angle of approximately 45. This allows for the construction of apparatus having a narrowbeam thus enabling formationofa closely spaced array ofapparatus (see FIG. 1) adapted to place all of the fasteners on a garment in a single operation.
The head element guide channel 28 has onlya few moving parts, namely, the labyrinth forming elements for aligning theiprongs of the head element. Thisresults in a substantial improvement over prior art devicesin both economy of parts and improved operation since the likelihood of jamming is substantially eliminated. Also the ends of the side wall members at the setting station forma vertically directed guide which keeps the head elements properly aligned after they are released by the anvil jaws.
The placement of the hoppers on the apparatus is also advantageous with the hopper for the backing element towards the rear of the hopper for the head elements towards the front. The backing elements are generally similar, regardless of the garment, while the head elements may be of different colors, patterns etc. and require frequent change for the various garments being manufactured. The head element hopper is readily accessible and, since single step feed is used, substitution of head elements can be rapidly made. Also the relative location of the hoppers clearly indicates which elements are to be placed therein thus lessening training requirements for the operators.
Inasmuch as the present invention is subject to many variations, modifications and changes in detail, it is intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
What is claimed is: i
1. In an apparatus for attaching pronged head elements and backing elements of two component fasteners to material at a setting station by means of an anvil and cooperating ram, an improved means for feeding said pronged head elements to said setting prising:
a pronged head element feed assembly including a hopper, a guide channel one end of which opens at said setting station, a chute connected to said hopper and the other end of said guide channel, and pusher arm means adapted to drive pronged head elements through said guide channel,
said guide channel including a bottom surfaceand a pair of spaced side walls disposed to define a longitudinal channel therebetween tapered in a feed direction, with at least one of said side walls having a portion with a non-linear surface whereby engagement of the prongsof said head elements with said at least one non-linear surface portion causes oscillation of said head element into proper alignment.
2. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said ram and anvil are vertically actuated, and
each side wall of said guide channel has a portion with a non-linear surface forming a labyrinth passage between said portions.
3. The invention accordingto claim 2 wherein one of said side wall portions is movable relative to the other portion, and means. biasing said at movableportion towards said channel.
4. The invention according to claim 2 wherein said chute is attached to said guide channel at an angle of approximately 45, and
further comprising a bevelled area formedin a side wall of said channel 'opposite said chute adapted to receive the iprongsof said head elements entering said .guide channel at said 45 angle. I
5. The invention according to claim 4 further comprising acamming surface formed on the side wall of,
said guide channel to which :said chute is attached, said camming surfacebeing forward of said bevelledarea in thedirectionof feed and serving to cam the headelements downwardto fully seat in saidguidechannelwith the prongs extendingupward to engage said labyrinth configuration.
station com 6. The invention according to claim 2 further comprising means pivotally attaching one of said side walls to said channel, and
locking means adapted to normally hold said pviotal said wall in a closed position, whereby said guide channel may be opened to clear stoppages. 7. The invention according to claim 2 further comprising element retainer means adapted to hold said head elements at said chute, and
means on said pusher arm means adapted to remove said retainer means from the path of said head element upon commencement of drive of said pusher arm means toward said setting station.
8. The invention according to claim 7 wherein said element retainer means comprises,
a recess formed in the bottom surface of said guide channel,
an arm pivotally mounted in said recess,
a pin mounted on one end of said arm and extending above said bottom surface, and
spring means biasing said arm to a position where said pin prevents passage of a head element through said guide channel. 1 9. The invention according to claim 2 wherein said side walls together form a vertically directed, annular guide at said setting station through which said anvil moves during setting operation.
10. The invention according to claim 2 wherein each said side wall further comprises a longitudinally extending groove adjacent to and forming an extension of said bottom surface, the peripheral edge portion of said head elements engaging in said recesses to be guided thereby.
11. The invention according to claim 1 further comprising a profiled leading end on said pusher arm means adapted to engage a peripheral edge portion of said elements.
12. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said hopper includes a filling port, a cover over said filling port, an emptying port, a door normally closing said emptying port, and a feeding port, said chute being connected to said feeding port.
13. The invention according to claim 1 further comprising means to detachably connect said chute to said guide channel.
14. The invention according to claim 13 further comprising detent means in the end of said chute which is normally connected to said guide channel adapted to prevent unwanted discharge of elements from said chute when the latter is detached from said guide channel.
15. The invention according to claim 14 wherein said detent means comprises a leaf spring moved to an inoperative position when said chute is attached to said guide channel.
16. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said hopper and chute form an assembly mounted so as to be readily accessible from a front portion of said apparatus.
17. The invention according to claim l'wherein said chute is attached to its guide channel at an angle of approximately 45 whereby said apparatus presents a narrow profile.
18. The invention according to claim 17 further comprising a plurality of said apparatus assembled in a closely spaced series whereby all of the fasteners for a garment may beset in a single operation.
19. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said anvil includes a concaved end adapted to receive said head elements, and
a pair ofjaws mounted on opposite sides of said anvil and adapted to hold said head elements thereon during the setting operation,
said guide channel aligning said prongs with said jaws.
20. A guide channel for orienting prongsprojecting from one side of an element comprising a bottom surface, and
a pair of spaced side walls each having a portion with a non-linear surface tapering towards the longitudinal axis of said channel in a feed direction to define a labyrinth passage therebetween whereby engagement of said prongs with said labyrinth passage causes rotation of said element to the desired alignment.
21. A guide channel according to claim 20 wherein each side wall has a longitudinally extending groove adjacent to and forming an extension of said bottom surface whereby said labyrinth passage overhangs said bottom surface.
22. A guide channel according to claim 20 further comprising a pivotal member forming one of said side walls, and
means to lock said pivotal member in a normal closed position, whereby said channel can be opened to clear stoppages. 23. A guide channel according to claim 19 wherein said non-linear portions are formed on elements spring biased toward the axis of said channel whereby said labyrinth passage is spring loaded.
24. The invention according to claim 1 further comprising a backing element feed assembly including another hopper, another guide channel one end of which opens at said setting station, another chute connecting said another hopper to the other end of said another guide channel, and pusher arm means adapted todrive backing elements through said another guide channel. k k i

Claims (24)

1. In an apparatus for attaching pronged head elements and backing elements of two component fasteners to material at a setting station by means of an anvil and cooperating ram, an improved means for feeding said pronged head elements to said setting station Comprising: a pronged head element feed assembly including a hopper, a guide channel one end of which opens at said setting station, a chute connected to said hopper and the other end of said guide channel, and pusher arm means adapted to drive pronged head elements through said guide channel, said guide channel including a bottom surface and a pair of spaced side walls disposed to define a longitudinal channel therebetween tapered in a feed direction, with at least one of said side walls having a portion with a non-linear surface whereby engagement of the prongs of said head elements with said at least one non-linear surface portion causes oscillation of said head element into proper alignment.
2. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said ram and anvil are vertically actuated, and each side wall of said guide channel has a portion with a non-linear surface forming a labyrinth passage between said portions.
3. The invention according to claim 2 wherein one of said side wall portions is movable relative to the other portion, and means biasing said at movable portion towards said channel.
4. The invention according to claim 2 wherein said chute is attached to said guide channel at an angle of approximately 45*, and further comprising a bevelled area formed in a side wall of said channel opposite said chute adapted to receive the prongs of said head elements entering said guide channel at said 45* angle.
5. The invention according to claim 4 further comprising a camming surface formed on the side wall of said guide channel to which said chute is attached, said camming surface being forward of said bevelled area in the direction of feed and serving to cam the head elements downward to fully seat in said guide channel with the prongs extending upward to engage said labyrinth configuration.
6. The invention according to claim 2 further comprising means pivotally attaching one of said side walls to said channel, and locking means adapted to normally hold said pivotal side wall in a closed position, whereby said guide channel may be opened to clear stoppages.
7. The invention according to claim 2 further comprising element retainer means adapted to hold said head elements at said chute, and means on said pusher arm means adapted to remove said retainer means from the path of said head element upon commencement of drive of said pusher arm means toward said setting station.
8. The invention according to claim 7 wherein said element retainer means comprises, a recess formed in the bottom surface of said guide channel, an arm pivotally mounted in said recess, a pin mounted on one end of said arm and extending above said bottom surface, and spring means biasing said arm to a position where said pin prevents passage of a head element through said guide channel.
9. The invention according to claim 2 wherein said side walls together form a vertically directed, annular guide at said setting station through which said anvil moves during setting operation.
10. The invention according to claim 2 wherein each said side wall further comprises a longitudinally extending groove adjacent to and forming an extension of said bottom surface, the peripheral edge portion of said head elements engaging in said recesses to be guided thereby.
11. The invention according to claim 1 further comprising a profiled leading end on said pusher arm means adapted to engage a peripheral edge portion of said elements.
12. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said hopper includes a filling port, a cover over said filling port, an emptying port, a door normally closing said emptying port, and a feeding port, said chute being connected to said feeding port.
13. The invention according to claim 1 further comprising means to detachably connect said chute to said guide channel.
14. The invention according to claim 13 further comprising detent means in the end of said chute which is normally connected to said guIde channel adapted to prevent unwanted discharge of elements from said chute when the latter is detached from said guide channel.
15. The invention according to claim 14 wherein said detent means comprises a leaf spring moved to an inoperative position when said chute is attached to said guide channel.
16. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said hopper and chute form an assembly mounted so as to be readily accessible from a front portion of said apparatus.
17. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said chute is attached to its guide channel at an angle of approximately 45* whereby said apparatus presents a narrow profile.
18. The invention according to claim 17 further comprising a plurality of said apparatus assembled in a closely spaced series whereby all of the fasteners for a garment may be set in a single operation.
19. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said anvil includes a concaved end adapted to receive said head elements, and a pair of jaws mounted on opposite sides of said anvil and adapted to hold said head elements thereon during the setting operation, said guide channel aligning said prongs with said jaws.
20. A guide channel for orienting prongs projecting from one side of an element comprising a bottom surface, and a pair of spaced side walls each having a portion with a non-linear surface tapering towards the longitudinal axis of said channel in a feed direction to define a labyrinth passage therebetween whereby engagement of said prongs with said labyrinth passage causes rotation of said element to the desired alignment.
21. A guide channel according to claim 20 wherein each side wall has a longitudinally extending groove adjacent to and forming an extension of said bottom surface whereby said labyrinth passage overhangs said bottom surface.
22. A guide channel according to claim 20 further comprising a pivotal member forming one of said side walls, and means to lock said pivotal member in a normal closed position, whereby said channel can be opened to clear stoppages.
23. A guide channel according to claim 19 wherein said non-linear portions are formed on elements spring biased toward the axis of said channel whereby said labyrinth passage is spring loaded.
24. The invention according to claim 1 further comprising a backing element feed assembly including another hopper, another guide channel one end of which opens at said setting station, another chute connecting said another hopper to the other end of said another guide channel, and pusher arm means adapted to drive backing elements through said another guide channel.
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3815805A (en) * 1972-06-05 1974-06-11 Textron Inc Apparatus for attaching fasteners to a garment in registration
US3964661A (en) * 1974-10-23 1976-06-22 Textron, Inc. Apparatus for attaching pronged and mating elements to articles
US3987950A (en) * 1975-06-19 1976-10-26 Textron, Inc. Apparatus for orienting and attaching fasteners to an article
US3992765A (en) * 1974-12-05 1976-11-23 Rau Fastener, A Division Of U.S. Industries, Inc. Registration systems adapted for use with snap fastener attaching machine and the like
US4007537A (en) * 1974-12-05 1977-02-15 Rau Fastener, A Division Of U.S. Industries, Inc. Method of registering logo carrying fastener prior to emplacement on garment
US4454650A (en) * 1982-08-23 1984-06-19 U.S. Industries, Inc. Upper jaw and tool assembly for fastener attaching machine
US4570839A (en) * 1981-10-06 1986-02-18 Leslie Hartridge Limited Press
US4591086A (en) * 1980-09-26 1986-05-27 American Cyanamid Company Surgical stapling instrument
EP0208306A2 (en) * 1985-07-09 1987-01-14 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Parts supplying apparatus for use with fastener assembling and setting machine
US4685604A (en) * 1981-03-18 1987-08-11 Officina Meccanica Fratelli Falzoni S.D.F. Multi-use machine for the application of small metallic and non-metallic workpieces or items and with total interchangeability of equipment and related fittings
EP0255913A2 (en) * 1986-08-06 1988-02-17 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Apparatus for assembling pairs of garment fastener elements
US4840301A (en) * 1986-08-26 1989-06-20 Yoshida Kogyo K. K. Fastener conveying apparatus for fastener assembling machine
US4998660A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-03-12 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Apparatus for delivering button body
US5285567A (en) * 1988-10-12 1994-02-15 Barracuda Technologies Ab Machine for applying fastener devices
US5319848A (en) * 1993-06-30 1994-06-14 Volker Schmidt Apparatus for attaching fasteners to material
US5657920A (en) * 1995-07-31 1997-08-19 Thiry; Philippe Orienting system for rivets and the like
US5743455A (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-04-28 Holliday; Brett Adapter for fastener driving tool and method thereof
US5781989A (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-07-21 Eastlex Machine Corporation Fastener attaching apparatus
US20090078094A1 (en) * 2007-09-25 2009-03-26 Ejot Gmbh & Co. Kg Apparatus for aligning fasteners having radially symmetrical polygonal heads in a feed device
US20110010918A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Gaetano Raccosta Method and machine for clamping plates on fabric and leather pieces
CN104640465A (en) * 2012-08-24 2015-05-20 Ykk株式会社 Button and button fastener transport device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JPS5112227U (en) * 1974-07-16 1976-01-29
CA1260438A (en) * 1983-12-29 1989-09-26 Nippon Notion Kogyo Co., Ltd. Apparatus for attaching fasteners to web-like materials
JPS6350838U (en) * 1986-09-18 1988-04-06
DE29815610U1 (en) * 1998-09-02 2000-01-13 Miederhoff Franz Fa Device for inserting parts held together by means of a rivet bond, such as eyelets in a textile or plastic sheet

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US2048930A (en) * 1934-03-14 1936-07-28 Universal Button Fastening & B Attaching machine
US2261281A (en) * 1938-12-12 1941-11-04 Patent Button Co Orienting button-attaching machine
US3225993A (en) * 1964-10-09 1965-12-28 Scovill Manufacturing Co Snap fastener attaching machine
US3612382A (en) * 1969-11-12 1971-10-12 Textron Inc Snap fastener attaching apparatus

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US2265574A (en) * 1938-10-18 1941-12-09 Patent Button Co Combined tucker and orienting mechanism for snap fastener attaching machines

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US2048930A (en) * 1934-03-14 1936-07-28 Universal Button Fastening & B Attaching machine
US2261281A (en) * 1938-12-12 1941-11-04 Patent Button Co Orienting button-attaching machine
US3225993A (en) * 1964-10-09 1965-12-28 Scovill Manufacturing Co Snap fastener attaching machine
US3612382A (en) * 1969-11-12 1971-10-12 Textron Inc Snap fastener attaching apparatus

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3815805A (en) * 1972-06-05 1974-06-11 Textron Inc Apparatus for attaching fasteners to a garment in registration
US3964661A (en) * 1974-10-23 1976-06-22 Textron, Inc. Apparatus for attaching pronged and mating elements to articles
US3992765A (en) * 1974-12-05 1976-11-23 Rau Fastener, A Division Of U.S. Industries, Inc. Registration systems adapted for use with snap fastener attaching machine and the like
US4007537A (en) * 1974-12-05 1977-02-15 Rau Fastener, A Division Of U.S. Industries, Inc. Method of registering logo carrying fastener prior to emplacement on garment
US3987950A (en) * 1975-06-19 1976-10-26 Textron, Inc. Apparatus for orienting and attaching fasteners to an article
US4591086A (en) * 1980-09-26 1986-05-27 American Cyanamid Company Surgical stapling instrument
US4685604A (en) * 1981-03-18 1987-08-11 Officina Meccanica Fratelli Falzoni S.D.F. Multi-use machine for the application of small metallic and non-metallic workpieces or items and with total interchangeability of equipment and related fittings
US4570839A (en) * 1981-10-06 1986-02-18 Leslie Hartridge Limited Press
US4454650A (en) * 1982-08-23 1984-06-19 U.S. Industries, Inc. Upper jaw and tool assembly for fastener attaching machine
EP0208306A2 (en) * 1985-07-09 1987-01-14 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Parts supplying apparatus for use with fastener assembling and setting machine
EP0208306A3 (en) * 1985-07-09 1987-09-16 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Parts supplying apparatus for use with fastener assembling and setting machine
EP0255913A2 (en) * 1986-08-06 1988-02-17 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Apparatus for assembling pairs of garment fastener elements
US4799611A (en) * 1986-08-06 1989-01-24 Yoshida Kogyo K. K. Apparatus for assembling pairs of garment fastener elements
EP0255913A3 (en) * 1986-08-06 1989-12-13 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Apparatus for assembling pairs of garment fastener elements
US4840301A (en) * 1986-08-26 1989-06-20 Yoshida Kogyo K. K. Fastener conveying apparatus for fastener assembling machine
US5285567A (en) * 1988-10-12 1994-02-15 Barracuda Technologies Ab Machine for applying fastener devices
US4998660A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-03-12 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Apparatus for delivering button body
US5319848A (en) * 1993-06-30 1994-06-14 Volker Schmidt Apparatus for attaching fasteners to material
US5657920A (en) * 1995-07-31 1997-08-19 Thiry; Philippe Orienting system for rivets and the like
US5743455A (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-04-28 Holliday; Brett Adapter for fastener driving tool and method thereof
US5781989A (en) * 1996-11-27 1998-07-21 Eastlex Machine Corporation Fastener attaching apparatus
US20090078094A1 (en) * 2007-09-25 2009-03-26 Ejot Gmbh & Co. Kg Apparatus for aligning fasteners having radially symmetrical polygonal heads in a feed device
US7798307B2 (en) 2007-09-25 2010-09-21 Ejot Gmbh & Co. Kg Apparatus for aligning fasteners having radially symmetrical polygonal heads in a feed device
US20110010918A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Gaetano Raccosta Method and machine for clamping plates on fabric and leather pieces
US8635759B2 (en) * 2009-07-14 2014-01-28 Gaetano Raccosta Method and machine for clamping plates on fabric and leather pieces
CN104640465A (en) * 2012-08-24 2015-05-20 Ykk株式会社 Button and button fastener transport device
CN104640465B (en) * 2012-08-24 2016-06-15 Ykk株式会社 The conveyer device of button or button installed part

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU4915472A (en) 1973-09-06
DE2259330A1 (en) 1973-06-20
CA980739A (en) 1975-12-30
CH573229A5 (en) 1976-03-15
FR2162546A1 (en) 1973-07-20
ZA7208208B (en) 1973-07-25
FR2162546B1 (en) 1975-06-20
JPS4876631A (en) 1973-10-15
DE2259330B2 (en) 1975-07-17
CA980739A1 (en)
BE792333A (en) 1973-06-06
GB1369110A (en) 1974-10-02
BE792333A1 (en)
IT973932B (en) 1974-06-10
ES409407A1 (en) 1976-04-01
NL7606929A (en) 1976-11-30
NL7216300A (en) 1973-06-12

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