US3745973A - Apparatus for dispersing liquids over the surfaces of objects - Google Patents

Apparatus for dispersing liquids over the surfaces of objects Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3745973A
US3745973A US3745973DA US3745973A US 3745973 A US3745973 A US 3745973A US 3745973D A US3745973D A US 3745973DA US 3745973 A US3745973 A US 3745973A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
apparatus
vessel
disposed
cover
receptacle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
F Knecht
Original Assignee
F Knecht
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C13/00Means for manipulating or holding work, e.g. for separate articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C3/00Apparatus in which the work is brought into contact with a bulk quantity of liquid or other fluent material
    • B05C3/02Apparatus in which the work is brought into contact with a bulk quantity of liquid or other fluent material the work being immersed in the liquid or other fluent material
    • B05C3/09Apparatus in which the work is brought into contact with a bulk quantity of liquid or other fluent material the work being immersed in the liquid or other fluent material for treating separate articles

Abstract

An apparatus for dispersing liquids over the surfaces of objects comprises a tray having a plurality of receptacles provided therein for receiving the liquid, and handles at the ends thereof for rotating the tray. A plurality of covers are disposed over each of the receptacles to form a liquid-tight container for treating the objects. Articles are supported, spaced from the container walls by a small plurality of widely spaced rib elements having free edges of minimal cross-section which extend from the inner surface of each cover and associated receptacle.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Knecht 1 APPARATUS FOR DISPERSING LIQUIDS OVER THE SURFACES OF OBJECTS [76] Inventor: Franklin J. Knecht, 3 l)ogwood Court, Mahwah, NJ. 07430 221 Filed: July 31,1972

211 Appl. No.: 276,478

[52] US. Cl 118/400, 118/506, 206/65 R,

220/23.4, 220/23.8 [51] Int. Cl. B05c I14 [58] Field of Search 118/500, 503, 506;

220/23.2, 23.4, 23.6, 23.8, 4 B, 60; 206/65 R, 46 FR; 2l7/26.5, 25.5

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,688,888 /1928 Spreen 206/72 UX 2,655,282 10/1953 Dunbar... 220/23.8 X 2,706,065 4/1955 Stone 220/4 B X 3,131,846 5/1964 Whiteford... 217/26.5 UX 3,139,208 6/1964 Irwin et al... 220/23.8 3,240,610 3/1966 Cease 220/23.4 X 3,302,854 2/1967 Midgley et al.. 220/23.4 X 3,305,126 2/1967 Cease 206/65 R X July 17, 1973 3,365,308 1/1968 Janicke 217/265 X 3,381,873 5/1968 I-Iirota 206/ R X 3,539,071 11/1970 Ludder 206/65 R X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 248,951 12/1965 Austria 217/265 1,074,487 l/1960 Germany 220/4 B 1,216,771 5/1966 Germany 220/23.4

Primary Examiner-Morris Kaplan Attorngy-A1lison C. Collard [57] ABSTRACT 10 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures APPARATUS FOR DISPERSING LIQUIDS OVER THE SURFACES OF OBJECTS The present invention relates to an apparatus for coloring objects, such as eggs.

Presently, dye coloring of objects is carried out by placing dye pellets into a cup, adding vinegar and cold water, and mixing the described ingredients. The object to be colored is then placed in the liquid dye, and allowed to soak therein until it is dyed the desired color. The object is then removed and dried. Such dyeing methods are generally inconvenient and messy.

The present invention provides an apparatus which overcomes the disadvantages of the above-described method. The apparatus comprises a tray having a plurality of dye receptacles or wells in which the liquid dye is poured. A plurality of detachable covers are disposed over each of the receptacles to form an enclosed dyeing chamber in which the objects to be colored are treated. When the receptacle covers are secured over the wells and objects, water-tight dyeing chambers are formed for coloring the objects. The tray is then picked up and rotated a predetermined number of times through an angle of 360 in order to spread the liquid dye over the entire surface areas of the objects. The well covers are then detached from the tray, and the colored objects removed from the wells for drying.

It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for the coloring of objects which simultaneously colors a plurality of objects, and is simple, clean andeasy to use.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for dyeing objects which is simple in design, easy to manufacture, and efficient and reliable in operation.

Other objects and features of the present invention.

" ing objects, constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional side view of a receptacle of the apparatus, taken along section 2-2 of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional interior view of a receptacle of the apparatus, taken along section 33 of FIG.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of an apparatus for dyeing objects, constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional side view of a receptacle of the apparatus, taken along section 5-5 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of still another embodiment of an apparatus for dyeing objects constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional side view of a receptacle of the apparatus, taken along section 7-7 of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional interior view of a receptacle of the apparatus, taken along section 8-8 of FIG.

FIG. 9 is perspective view of still another embodiment of an apparatus for dyeing objects constructed in accordance with the present invention; and

FIG. 10 is cross-sectional side view of a receptacle of the apparatus, taken along section 10-10 of FIG. 9.

Referring to the drawings, specifically FIGS. 1-3, there is shown one embodiment of an apparatus for dyeing objects, such as eggs, generally denoted as 10. The apparatus comprises a tray 11, formed of resillient plastic material, having handles 12 integrally formed at each end thereof, and a plurality of dyeing wells or receptacles 13 in which liquid dye is poured. A cover 14, having gripping recesses 15 in the sides thereof, and a colored decal 16 corresponding to the color of the dye in the well disposed on the top surface thereof, is detachably disposed over each of the receptacles. Each cover has a recess which receives the edges of the tray around each well so that a water-tight seal is formed between the covers and the receptacles to prevent any dye from leaking therefrom. The bottom interior surface of each of the receptacles, and the top interior surface of the covers, are provided with a plurality of vertically upwardly and downwardly disposed projecting members 17 which support the egg or object being dyed in the compartment formed by the cover and receptacle during dyeing.

The covers and tray are preferably constructed of transparent polystyrene plastic material. Other suitable plastics, however, may be used. The transparent plastic allows visual observation of the dyeing process so that the desired color intensity of the object is achieved.

To color the eggs or other objects, dye mixtures are poured into the different receptacles in tray 11. An egg or object is then disposed in each receptacle on projectingmembers 17 as shown in FIG. 2, and covers 14 are snapped onto the tray over the eggs and the receptacles. Tray 11 is then picked up by handles 12 by the user and rotated through an angle of 360 a number of times to spread the dye over the entire outer surface of the egg. The rotation of the egg is repeated as many times as is necessary to produce the desired color intensity of each of the eggs.

FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate another embodiment of the invention. The apparatus of this embodiment comprrisestray 11', having handles 12' at each end thereof and a plurality of conically-shaped receptacles or wells 13' integrally formed with the tray 11'. A plurality of caps l413'are slidably disposed over the openings of receptacles 14, and have colored decals l6"disposed on the top surface thereof for indicating the color used in each of the wells. A radially outwardly extending flange 18 is integrally formed .with each cap to enable easy removal of the caps from the receptacles. A plurality of projecting members 17 are disposed in a triangular arrangement on the inside surfaces of caps 14' and receptacles 13'. As in the previously described embodiment, the projecting members support the eggs during the dyeing operation.

The preferred construction materials for this embodiment are polystyrene plastic for tray 11 and polyethylene plastic for caps 14'. The plastic material forms a water-tight seal between the receptacles and caps 14' to prevent any liquid dye from leaking therefrom. The dyeing operation using this embodiment of the invention is the same as described above with respect to the embodiment of FIGS. 1-3.

FIGS. 6-8 illustrate another embodiment of the present invention. A pair of trays 19, each having a plurality of rectangular-shaped receptacles 20 integrally formed therewith, are disposed towards each other and coupled together by U-shaped clips at the handles thereof. A gasket 21 is disposed between the trays and around the receptacles, in order to provide a watertight seal. Each receptacle of both of the trays is provided with horizontally-disposed support members 22 which engage the egg disposed in the dyeing compartment formed by the receptacles of both trays and support the egg therein during the dyeing operation. Tray members 19 may be pivotably coupled together at one end by a hinge, or may be two separate joined at each end by the clips. The clips also serve as part of the handles for grasping the apparatus and rotating it to dye the eggs. The operation of this embodiment of the apparatus is thesame as described above, and the construction materials are preferably rubber for gasket 21, and polyethylene or polystyrene plastic for trays l9 and clips 20.

In FIGS. 9 and 10, still another embodiment of the present invention is shown. This embodiment of the invention includes a planar tray 23, having handles 24 at each end thereof and a plurality of circular apertures 25 disposed therethrough. A plurality of comicallyshaped cups 26 are slidably inserted in apertures 25, and form the receptacles or wells of the apparatus. The cups have radially outwardly extending members integrally formed on the outside surface thereof which are received in slots 27 disposed on the inside surfaces of apertures 25. To insert each cup in the tray, the radially outwardly extending members are disposed in the slots, and the cups are twisted. Each receptacle is provided with a plurality of vertically-disposed support members 27' which support the egg in the receptacle at a level above the surface of the dye mixture. The support members insure that the eggs do not contact the dye mixture before the beginning of the dyeing operation, and prevent variance in the coloring of the surfaces of the objects. After the dyeing operation is finished, the support members allow excess dye to drain from the egg surfaces and the object to dry. A detachable cover 28 is slidably disposed over the edges of each of the receptacles 26, and provide a water-tight seal to prevent the dye mixture from leaking therefrom. A color decal 29 is disposed on the top surface of each cover in order to indicate the color of the dye being used in each receptacle. The operation of the apparatus is the same as described above, and the tray, receptacles and covers may be polyethylene or polystyrene plastic material. Receptacle 26 could also be a paper cup with sufficient rigidity to maintain a water-tight seal between itself and cover 28. Each of receptacles 26 may also be used individually, with tray 24, to color an object or objects.

' It should be noted that the apparatus of the invention disclosed herein may be used for purposes other than the coloring of objects. For example, when it is desired to lubricate an object thoroughly, the lubricating liquid and the object may be disposed in the receptacles and the lubricating liquid disposed on the object by rotating the trays. Wherever it is required to disperse a liquid over the surface of an object, the apparatus disclosed herein may be used.

While only several embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be obvious to those persons skilled in the art that many changes and modifications may be made thereunto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

l. Coating apparatus comprising:

an elongated plate member having a plurality of apertures therein and handles therewith located at the ends thereof;

a removable vessel disposed in each aperture;

means releasably interlocking each said vessel, at the junction of association, with the plate member;

a removable cover member forming a liquid tight seal with each vessel;

a small plurality of widely spaced short, thin, support ribs disposed within, and extending substantially from the wall of, each said cover and vessel;

each said rib havinga free edge of relatively small cross-section; and

a coating fluid disposed in each said vessel;

whereby an article tobe coated may be disposed within a receptacle formed by a said vessel and associated cover and supported and retained in position spaced from the receptacle walls by the said free edges and with minimal contact therewith; and

the assemblage of plate and loaded receptacle adapted to be inverted whereby to effect flow of of said coating fluid and coating of said article.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said each cover member comprises an inverted vessel whereby to accomodate articles of an elongated dimension.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein all said vessels are generally of frusto-conical configuration.

4. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein all said vessels are rectangular in lateral cross-section.

5. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein said each cover member includes a recess formed in a vertical wall thereof whereby to facilitate manipulation of the cover.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein each said cover member includes a tab element to facilitate manipulation thereof.

7. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said ribs extend vertically.

8. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said ribs extend horizontally.

9. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the said covers include indicia means relating to the associated coating fluid.

10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the receptacle parts are formed of a transparent plastic.

* i i t I

Claims (10)

1. Coating apparatus comprising: an elongated plate member having a plurality of apertures therein and handles therewith located at thE ends thereof; a removable vessel disposed in each aperture; means releasably interlocking each said vessel, at the junction of association, with the plate member; a removable cover member forming a liquid tight seal with each vessel; a small plurality of widely spaced short, thin, support ribs disposed within, and extending substantially from the wall of, each said cover and vessel; each said rib having a free edge of relatively small crosssection; and a coating fluid disposed in each said vessel; whereby an article tobe coated may be disposed within a receptacle formed by a said vessel and associated cover and supported and retained in position spaced from the receptacle walls by the said free edges and with minimal contact therewith; and the assemblage of plate and loaded receptacle adapted to be inverted whereby to effect flow of of said coating fluid and coating of said article.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said each cover member comprises an inverted vessel whereby to accomodate articles of an elongated dimension.
3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein all said vessels are generally of frusto-conical configuration.
4. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein all said vessels are rectangular in lateral cross-section.
5. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein said each cover member includes a recess formed in a vertical wall thereof whereby to facilitate manipulation of the cover.
6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein each said cover member includes a tab element to facilitate manipulation thereof.
7. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said ribs extend vertically.
8. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said ribs extend horizontally.
9. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the said covers include indicia means relating to the associated coating fluid.
10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the receptacle parts are formed of a transparent plastic.
US3745973A 1972-07-31 1972-07-31 Apparatus for dispersing liquids over the surfaces of objects Expired - Lifetime US3745973A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US27647872 true 1972-07-31 1972-07-31

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3745973A true US3745973A (en) 1973-07-17

Family

ID=23056805

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3745973A Expired - Lifetime US3745973A (en) 1972-07-31 1972-07-31 Apparatus for dispersing liquids over the surfaces of objects

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3745973A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4151911A (en) * 1976-10-26 1979-05-01 Colgate-Palmolive Company Package
US4419103A (en) * 1978-09-07 1983-12-06 Balkan Thelma E Method and apparatus for coloring Easter eggs
US4967687A (en) * 1988-12-08 1990-11-06 Plough, Inc. Apparatus for dyeing eggs
US5009940A (en) * 1987-09-16 1991-04-23 Plough, Inc. Cup for dyeing eggs
US5074239A (en) * 1991-03-04 1991-12-24 Verlene Law Easter eggs decorating and coloring kit
US5565229A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-10-15 Schering-Plough Healthcare Products, Inc. Press and method for tie-dyeing eggs
US5895679A (en) * 1997-05-30 1999-04-20 Schering-Plough Healthcare Products, Inc. Egg holder and tray for coloring eggs
EP1629726A2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-03-01 Brauns-Heitmann GmbH & Co. KG Process for colouring eggs using a component for assisting the colour transfer
US20070026127A1 (en) * 2005-07-28 2007-02-01 Conopco Inc, D/B/A Unilever Packaged food product
US20120308692A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-06 Target Brands, Inc. Egg decorating kit

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1074487B (en) *
US1688888A (en) * 1926-08-06 1928-10-23 Kelvinator Corp Mechanical refrigeration
US2655282A (en) * 1951-06-11 1953-10-13 Eldon Mfg Co Container and seal
US2706065A (en) * 1953-04-03 1955-04-12 Stone Saul Closure connection
US3131846A (en) * 1959-11-10 1964-05-05 Poly Pak Corp Of America Hermetically sealed, transparent, shock absorbing package for fragile articles
US3139208A (en) * 1959-07-06 1964-06-30 Marine Nat Exchange Bank Compartmented container
US3240610A (en) * 1962-08-30 1966-03-15 Cease Central Inc Food package and method of packaging and serving the same
DE1216771B (en) * 1963-06-14 1966-05-12 Mibelle A G Packaging for at least two bottles
US3302854A (en) * 1961-09-26 1967-02-07 Sweetheart Plastics Cluster of covers
US3305126A (en) * 1963-06-11 1967-02-21 Cease Central Inc Food packages for automated dispensing
US3365308A (en) * 1964-07-27 1968-01-23 Janicke Joseph Apple package
US3381873A (en) * 1965-08-31 1968-05-07 Hirota Kashichi Plastic egg container
US3539071A (en) * 1968-10-09 1970-11-10 Owens Illinois Inc Packaging structure

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1074487B (en) *
US1688888A (en) * 1926-08-06 1928-10-23 Kelvinator Corp Mechanical refrigeration
US2655282A (en) * 1951-06-11 1953-10-13 Eldon Mfg Co Container and seal
US2706065A (en) * 1953-04-03 1955-04-12 Stone Saul Closure connection
US3139208A (en) * 1959-07-06 1964-06-30 Marine Nat Exchange Bank Compartmented container
US3131846A (en) * 1959-11-10 1964-05-05 Poly Pak Corp Of America Hermetically sealed, transparent, shock absorbing package for fragile articles
US3302854A (en) * 1961-09-26 1967-02-07 Sweetheart Plastics Cluster of covers
US3240610A (en) * 1962-08-30 1966-03-15 Cease Central Inc Food package and method of packaging and serving the same
US3305126A (en) * 1963-06-11 1967-02-21 Cease Central Inc Food packages for automated dispensing
DE1216771B (en) * 1963-06-14 1966-05-12 Mibelle A G Packaging for at least two bottles
US3365308A (en) * 1964-07-27 1968-01-23 Janicke Joseph Apple package
US3381873A (en) * 1965-08-31 1968-05-07 Hirota Kashichi Plastic egg container
US3539071A (en) * 1968-10-09 1970-11-10 Owens Illinois Inc Packaging structure

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4151911A (en) * 1976-10-26 1979-05-01 Colgate-Palmolive Company Package
US4419103A (en) * 1978-09-07 1983-12-06 Balkan Thelma E Method and apparatus for coloring Easter eggs
US5009940A (en) * 1987-09-16 1991-04-23 Plough, Inc. Cup for dyeing eggs
US4967687A (en) * 1988-12-08 1990-11-06 Plough, Inc. Apparatus for dyeing eggs
US5074239A (en) * 1991-03-04 1991-12-24 Verlene Law Easter eggs decorating and coloring kit
US5565229A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-10-15 Schering-Plough Healthcare Products, Inc. Press and method for tie-dyeing eggs
US5895679A (en) * 1997-05-30 1999-04-20 Schering-Plough Healthcare Products, Inc. Egg holder and tray for coloring eggs
EP1629726A2 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-03-01 Brauns-Heitmann GmbH & Co. KG Process for colouring eggs using a component for assisting the colour transfer
EP1629726A3 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-04-19 Brauns-Heitmann GmbH & Co. KG Process for colouring eggs using a component for assisting the colour transfer
US20070026127A1 (en) * 2005-07-28 2007-02-01 Conopco Inc, D/B/A Unilever Packaged food product
US20120308692A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-06 Target Brands, Inc. Egg decorating kit
US9446623B2 (en) * 2011-05-31 2016-09-20 Target Brands, Inc. Egg decorating kit

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3614959A (en) Means for cleaning contact lenses or the like
US3164478A (en) Doughnut package
US3148401A (en) Liquid applicator attached to container
US2860858A (en) Combination stirring and mixing paddle and container scraper
US4010934A (en) Liquid mixing and dispensing device
US5709301A (en) Painting implement keeper
US5676244A (en) Food container
US3912118A (en) Container lid
US5645164A (en) Paint roller tray with cover
US4343978A (en) Structure for use in microwave cooking
US4886239A (en) Ice cube maker
US4798133A (en) Package and container for eggs
US6626599B2 (en) Device for applying a product to a section of hair
US1251404A (en) Hand-bag or container for bathing-suits.
US2663450A (en) Compartmented container
US3170875A (en) Colander
US4211750A (en) Brush and deodorant holder
US5341969A (en) Container accommodating paint, roller and brush and lid therefor
US2661871A (en) Multiple liquid dispensing container
US3980213A (en) Covers for paint cans
US6126048A (en) Removable paint can extension and cover
US4125210A (en) Attachment for paint cans
US6196410B1 (en) Paint tray liner with cover
US4911642A (en) Color wheel palette
US4827658A (en) Fishing tackle box with vertical storage compartments