US372891A - Kaemell bbooks - Google Patents

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US372891A
US372891A US372891DA US372891A US 372891 A US372891 A US 372891A US 372891D A US372891D A US 372891DA US 372891 A US372891 A US 372891A
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section
bed
brackets
spring
folding
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C17/00Sofas; Couches; Beds
    • A47C17/04Seating furniture, e.g. sofas, couches, settees, or the like, with movable parts changeable to beds; Chair beds
    • A47C17/32Changing a single bed into a double bed by extending, pivoting, or tilting a previously hidden second mattress or other bed part

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  • My invention relates to an improvement in folding beds, and has for its object to so connect a spring with brackets attached upon either side of the divisions in the side boards 7 of such beds as that when the lower section has been folded over and looked upon the upper section, and it is desired toopen the bed, the said spring will act simultaneously with unlocking the sections, and take the burden of weight as the lower section is lifted from a closed to an open position.
  • Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section of a folding cabinet-bed with my improvements attached
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the legs thereof in an open and closed position
  • Figs. 3 and 4 illustrate different modes of attachment for the springs.
  • a A represent, respectively, the hinged side boardsof the upper or head section and the lower or foot section of a folding bed, B, adapted to carry anyfiexible mattress.
  • I attach metal brackets 0, consisting of a flat plate, 0, having a central integral post, 0, provided with a transverse oblong head, 0 which head may, if desired, be omitted, as shown in Fig. 4, and the post he simply apertured to receive a pin, c ,;instead.
  • the construction shown in Fig. 3, and above referred to, is, however, preferred.
  • the said apertured ends are entered over the heads 0 of the brackets c, the body of the spring being thereby held longitudinally of the side boards, AA, transversely their abutting ends.
  • the brackets O are so distanced as that the spring D will have more or less play endwise, due to the elongated slots in the tips thereof, in order that there will be comparatively little strain upon them until the foot-section A is about at right angles to the head-section A, to which position, or nearly so, said foot-section is carried by the elasticity of the mattress.
  • the aforesaid foot-section is forced down upon thehead-section and secured thereto, or to the head-board, by a hook, E, engaging a pin, 6, by means of an ordinary spring-catch or any other equivalent device.
  • the spring D now under full tension, approximately describes a circle, as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 1.
  • legs H In the cabinet form of bed shown the legs are preferably attached to the inner face of the head-section A, near the edge, and to a slat secured transversely the lower or foot section, A, near the outer end thereof.
  • the legs H are constructed with a rectangular flat metallic plate, h, having a central horizontal tubular projection, h, provided with a slot, k at one end, the said plate being adapted for attachment to the body of the bed by screws or otherwise.
  • a rod, K is journaled, having upon one end a pin, k, the other end thereof being fastened to the upper portion of, preferably, a metal bar, is, which bar constitutes the support or leg proper for the said sections.
  • the pin it permits the leg k to make but a quarter-turn in changing from a horizontal to a vertical position, as the said pin is then brought in contact with one side of the slot h in which it works, and one-quarter turn upward to its first or horizontal position from the vertical.
  • the legs In closing the bed,when the legs have been carried up horizontally, as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 2, they are pushed back against the outer ends of the tubular projections IL, which is permitted by the unobstructed play of the rod K in said tubular projection, so that each leg will rest supported and concealed upon the body, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.
  • brackets 0 provided with elongated heads 0 of springs D, provided with tips d, having elongated apertures d, the said springs adapted to extend transversely the abutting ends of the said side boards above the bottom edges thereof, adjust-ably supported by said brackets, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose herein set forth. 7

Description

(No Model.)
K. BROOKS.
FOLDING BED.
Patented .Nov. 8, 1887.-
. WITNESSES:
ATTORNEY S.
UNITE STATES.
PATENT Erica.
KARMELL BROOKS," on NEW YORK, N. Y.
FOLDING BED.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 372,891, dated November 8, 1887.
Application filed November 6, 1836. Serial No. 218,155. No model.)
To (1 whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, KARMELL BRooKs, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Folding Beds, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to an improvement in folding beds, and has for its object to so connect a spring with brackets attached upon either side of the divisions in the side boards 7 of such beds as that when the lower section has been folded over and looked upon the upper section, and it is desired toopen the bed, the said spring will act simultaneously with unlocking the sections, and take the burden of weight as the lower section is lifted from a closed to an open position.
The invention consists in the construction and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section of a folding cabinet-bed with my improvements attached, and Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the legs thereof in an open and closed position. Figs. 3 and 4 illustrate different modes of attachment for the springs. i
A A represent, respectively, the hinged side boardsof the upper or head section and the lower or foot section of a folding bed, B, adapted to carry anyfiexible mattress.
Upon the inner face of the side boards, and at each side of their abutting ends I), I attach metal brackets 0, consisting of a flat plate, 0, having a central integral post, 0, provided with a transverse oblong head, 0 which head may, if desired, be omitted, as shown in Fig. 4, and the post he simply apertured to receive a pin, c ,;instead. The construction shown in Fig. 3, and above referred to, is, however, preferred. I now employ a spring, D,which may be a coil or spiral spring, of a capacity equal to the weight to be carried thereby, and screw or otherwise fasten in said spring, at each end, metallic tips 12, provided near their outer extremities with an elongated aperture, d. The said apertured ends are entered over the heads 0 of the brackets c, the body of the spring being thereby held longitudinally of the side boards, AA, transversely their abutting ends.
The brackets O are so distanced as that the spring D will have more or less play endwise, due to the elongated slots in the tips thereof, in order that there will be comparatively little strain upon them until the foot-section A is about at right angles to the head-section A, to which position, or nearly so, said foot-section is carried by the elasticity of the mattress. In the further operation of closing the bed the aforesaid foot-section is forced down upon thehead-section and secured thereto, or to the head-board, by a hook, E, engaging a pin, 6, by means of an ordinary spring-catch or any other equivalent device. The spring D, now under full tension, approximately describes a circle, as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 1.
When the catch is taken off, it is evident that but little exertion is required to raise the foot-section, as the spring may be made sufficiently powerful to automatically carry the said section to the floor. Thus a child or infirm person may readily operatea bed which otherwise would require an able-bodied person to manage. The bow of the spring, when one section is folded upon another, may assume any direction that the circumstances of the case may require, and the position of the brackets may be changed upon different styles of beds, so as not to interfere with the action of the mattress.
To support the sections of the bed in a horizontal position I attach thereto,wherever it is most convenient, folding and sliding legs H.- In the cabinet form of bed shown the legs are preferably attached to the inner face of the head-section A, near the edge, and to a slat secured transversely the lower or foot section, A, near the outer end thereof.
The legs H are constructed with a rectangular flat metallic plate, h, having a central horizontal tubular projection, h, provided with a slot, k at one end, the said plate being adapted for attachment to the body of the bed by screws or otherwise. Within the tubular projection h of the plate It a rod, K, is journaled, having upon one end a pin, k, the other end thereof being fastened to the upper portion of, preferably, a metal bar, is, which bar constitutes the support or leg proper for the said sections.
The pin it permits the leg k to make but a quarter-turn in changing from a horizontal to a vertical position, as the said pin is then brought in contact with one side of the slot h in which it works, and one-quarter turn upward to its first or horizontal position from the vertical. In closing the bed,when the legs have been carried up horizontally, as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 2, they are pushed back against the outer ends of the tubular projections IL, which is permitted by the unobstructed play of the rod K in said tubular projection, so that each leg will rest supported and concealed upon the body, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.
I am aware that folding beds have been constructed with a counterbalaneing-spring arranged in such manner that its tension can be readily regulated as the weight of the folding part may require, as a patent for such construction was granted myself March 9, 1886.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a folding bed in which the bed proper is made in sections hinged together and adapted to fold one upon the other, the combination, with the side boards of said sections and brackets attached thereto, of springs held by said brackets transversely the abutting ends of said side boards, substantially as shown and described.
2. In a folding bed in which the bed proper is made in sections hinged together and adapted to fold one upon the other, the combination, with the side boards of said sections and brackets attached thereto, of springs held by said brackets transversely the abutting ends of said side boards between the upper and lower edges thereof, substantially as shown and described.
3. The combination, with the hinged head and foot sections of a folding bed provided with horizontal brackets G, secured to the side boards, A and A, thereof, of springs D, having apertured tips d, the said springs adapted to extend transversely the abutting ends of the side boards above the bottom edge thereof, adjustably supported by said brackets, substantially as shown and described, whereby the foot-section may be carried from an open horizontal position to a vertical positionat right angles with the side boards without tension upon the spring, as set forth.
4. The combination, with hinged head and foot sections,of a folding bed, having attached to the side boards thereof brackets 0, provided with elongated heads 0 of springs D, provided with tips d, having elongated apertures d, the said springs adapted to extend transversely the abutting ends of the said side boards above the bottom edges thereof, adjust-ably supported by said brackets, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose herein set forth. 7
KARMELL BROOKS. Witnesses:
J. F. AoKER, Jr., E. M. CLARK.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2954567A (en) * 1954-12-15 1960-10-04 Abajian Aram Christian Sofa-bed and bed-spring constructions
US20180332974A1 (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-11-22 Daniel Gerhard Space saving bed

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2954567A (en) * 1954-12-15 1960-10-04 Abajian Aram Christian Sofa-bed and bed-spring constructions
US20180332974A1 (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-11-22 Daniel Gerhard Space saving bed
US10806270B2 (en) * 2017-05-17 2020-10-20 Daniel Gerhard Space saving bed

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