US3726038A - Rectilinear magazine - Google Patents

Rectilinear magazine Download PDF

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Publication number
US3726038A
US3726038A US3726038DA US3726038A US 3726038 A US3726038 A US 3726038A US 3726038D A US3726038D A US 3726038DA US 3726038 A US3726038 A US 3726038A
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United States
Prior art keywords
magazine
spring
portions
follower
ridges
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Expired - Lifetime
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D Bredbury
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D Bredbury
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Priority to US18795471A priority
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/61Magazines
    • F41A9/64Magazines for unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/65Box magazines having a cartridge follower
    • F41A9/70Arrangements thereon for discharging, e.g. cartridge followers or discharge throats

Abstract

A small arms magazine has a rectilinear form and the arcuate segmental configuration of a stack of nested tapered cartridges is accommodated by a follower loaded by a biasing spring. The spring has a plurality of turns and at each turn a pair of opposed re-entrant portions freely engage opposed complementary internal ridges in opposed side walls of the magazine. The last half turn of the spring is raised at a greater angle than the other turns with the spring in a free state. When full, the follower is inclined at a maximum angle to the closed end of the magazine and this angle decreases progressively toward zero as the magazine is emptied.

Description

United States Patent Bredbury Apr. 10, 1973 [54] RECTILINEAR MAGAZINE 3,440,751 4/1969 Fremont ..42/50 Inventor: David 0- y, Christmas Hm 3,619,929 1 H1971 Fremont ..42/50 Road Guflford Conn' 06437 Primary ExaminerBenjamin A. Borchelt [22] Filed: Oct. 12, 1971 Assistant ExaminerC. T. Jordan [21 1 App. NOJ 187,954 Att0rneyEdw1n E. Grelgg Related [1.8. Application Data ABSTRACT A small arms magazine has a rectilinear form and the arcuate segmental configuration of a stack of nested tapered cartridges is accommodated by a follower loaded by a biasing spring. The spring has a plurality of turns and at each turn a pair of opposed re-entrant portions freely engage opposed complementary internal ridges in opposed side walls of the magazine. The last half turn of the spring is raised at a greater angle than the other turns with the spring in a free state. When full, the follower is inclined at a maximum angle to the closed end of the magazine and this angle decreases progressively toward zero as the magazine is emptied.

8 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPR 1 OISYS RECTILINEAR MAGAZINE This application is a continuation-in-part of application, Ser. No. 868,310, filed Oct. 22, I969, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention This invention relates to a small arms ammunition magazine.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION To accommodate the arcuate segmental configuration of either a single or double stack of cartridges, each of which tapers by approximately 1, it has hitherto been necessary to provide magazines for small arms which are themselves segmental. By this expedient a steady pressure can be exerted by a spring acting through a follower and the cartridges are therefore delivered at the open end of the magazine correctly aligned with respect to the breech of the associated small arm.

Clearly, the utilization of a magazine of rectilinear form throughout its length is desirable, particularly from the manufacturing standpoint, but correct presentation of a delivered cartridge has not hitherto been possible with a magazine of rectilinear form. 7

It is an object of the present invention to provide a magazine for small arms ammunition which is of rectilinear form, but which nevertheless presents cartridges in succession at the open end of the magazine with a substantially even pressure along the length thereof.

According to the present invention there is provided a small arms magazine comprising an 1 elongate rectilinear casing having a pair of opposed side walls each having at least a first elongate ridge, a base plate, and means defining an opening at the opposite'end of the casing from the base plate for dispensing cartridges singly to the breech of a small arm, an elongate spring having a plurality of turns each with two portions, both of which are formed to cooperate slidingly with the respective said ridges of the said side walls, and a fol lower member rigid with the end of the spring remote from the base plate, the said portions of the turns of the spring and the ridges of the side walls serving to guide the spring and to prevent the spring from sliding toward the rear of the magazine (toward the butt of the weapon) irrespective of its actual length and thereby to accommodate tilting of the follower member from a maximum with the magazine filled to a minimum with the magazine empty. Further, the last half turn of the spring is raised at a greater angle than the other turns with the spring in a free state to place additional pressure on the rear of the follower.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS An embodiment of a small arms magazine in accordance with the invention will now be described, by

way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawing, in which:

FIG. I is a side elevation of a magazine in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross section on the line IIII of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side elevation of the spring in its free state; and

FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the different positions of the follower at different conditions ofloading.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, the magazine 10 comprises a casing having a pair of opposed side walls of rectangular form and each having three spaced longitudinally-extending grooves ll, 12 and 13 and 11', 12 and 13', respectively. The grooves are each of approximately semi-circular cross section, and the first grooves 11, 11', have a diameter equal to approximately twice that of the second and third grooves 12, 12' and 13, 13. The grooves 11, ll, 12, 12' and 13, 13 lie opposite one another in pairs respectively and, because the magazine is made of sheet metal and the grooves are formed by a pressing operation, each one of the grooves is complemented by an internal ridge or rib l4, l4, l5, l5 and 16, 16'.

The first ridges I4, 14' corresponding to the first grooves serve as guides for a spring 17 of special form now to be described. The spring is basically helical but the turns are each formed as shown in FIG. 2, that is, with two long rectilinear portions 18, 19 extending parallel to the side walls 20, 21 of the magazine, two concave curved portions 22, 23 extending from the rectilinear portions 18, 19 and two semi-circular portions 24, 25, one of which joins the two portions l8, l9 and the other of which joins the two portions 22, 23. The upper'one-half turn or terminal turn 26 of the spring has been extended and raised at a greater angle than the other turns with the spring in a free state in order to deliver additional pressure to the rear of the follower when nearly empty. As the cartridges are expended, the weight exerted on the front of the follower is reduced as is the amount of aggregate taper. This would normally lead to a nose-up condition for the last l0 cartridges. The additional one-half turn, however, removes the possibility of experiencing excessive pressure at the magazine front.

A follower 40 is secured to the top half turn or terminal turn of the spring and bears against the bottom of the stack of cartridges, one of which is shown in dotted lines in FIG. 3.

As illustrated schematically in FIG. 4, the follower assumes different positions at different conditions of loading. In condition A the follower 40 is shown in the position it assumes when spring 17 is in a free state. In this condition the follower 40 slopes forwardly and downwardly at an angle of about 24 to the horizontal. In condition B the follower is shown in the position when installed in the magazine, with the magazine empty of cartridges. The follower 40 in this condition bears against the conventional lips at the top of the magazine and is horizontal or at to the vertical centerline 41. In condition C the follower 40 is shown in the position it assumes with the magazine fully loaded. In this condition the follower 40 slopes forwardly and upwardly at an angle of about 15 to the horizontal.

Thus, as the cartridges are urged to the top of the magazine for delivery from the open end the follower gradually changes from the position of condition C to the position of condition B. However, since in relaxed position the spring tends to slant the follower in the position of condition A, it will be appreciated that at all times the follower exerts more pressure on the rear of the cartridges than on the front, thus preventing a noseup condition of the cartridges.

The by walls 20, 21 of the magazine are joined to one another by a front wall 30 and a shaped rear wall 31. The rear wall 31 is formed substantially be two portions 32, 33, of crank-section, the portion 32 having a smaller intermediate limb than the portion 33. One limb of each crank-section portion 32, 33 overlaps the corresponding limb of the other crank-section portion and these two limbs are joined together along their lengths.

The magazine casing is completed by a base plate 34 and a contoured top portion 35 which has an opening for dispensing the cartridges one by one into the small arm in which the magazine is mounted. The opening is of conventional form for small arms magazines and similarly the follower member which contacts the lowermost cartridge and is secured to the spring is of conventional form.

The grooves and complementary internal ridges provide the convention reinforcing purpose, prevent excess friction with the cartridges and the first ridges 14, 14' act as guides for the spring throughout its length and irrespective of its degree of compression and prevent its sliding toward the rear of the magazine or buckling.

It follows that the rectilinear form of the magazine casing enables particularly straightforward manufacturing techniques to be employed, especially with regard to the fabrication and joining operations and that the spring form and cooperating ridges ensure correct feed of the arcuate stack of cartridges to the dispensing opening irrespective of the number of cartridges in the magazine. The joining operation can be carried out on an automatic welding machine.

The magazine can be employed with a stack made of a single row of cartridges or, as a so-called high-capacity magazine with the stack formed by two rows of cartridges with those of one row staggered with respect to the other row and thus partially interdigitating. The latter magazine can carry 30 or more cartridges and is suitable for use with the M-l6 rifle of the United States Army or any other small arm utilizing a tapered cartridge.

That which is claimed is:

l. A small arms magazine comprising an elongate rectilinear casing having a pair of opposed side walls each having at least a first elongate ridge,

a base plate, and

means defining an opening at the opposite end of the casing from the base plate for dispensing cartridges singly therefrom,

an elongate spring having a plurality of turns with two portions formed therein to cooperate slidingly with a respective ridge on each side wall, and

a follower member rigid with the end of the spring remote from the base plate,

the said portions of the turns of the spring and the ridges of the side walls serving to guide the spring irrespective of its actual length and thereby to accommodate tilting of the follower member from a maximum with the magazine filled to a minimum with the magpzine empty. 2. A magazine according to claim wherein said ridges are internal and said spring portions are concave.

3. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein said first ridges lie opposite one another.

4. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein each side wall has second and third rectilinear ridges.

5. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein each turn of the spring is of elongated form and includes a pair of opposed straight portions,

a pair of opposed concave portions each of which forms a continuation of one of the straight portions, and

a pair of opposed semi-circular end portions, one of said end portions serving to join the concave portions and the other of said end portions serving to join the straight portions.

6. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein the spring exerts greater pressure on the back of the follower than on the front.

7. A magazine according to claim 6 in which the upper terminal turn of the spring, when in its free state, is raised at a greater angle than the other turns in order to exert said greater pressure on the back of the follower.

8. A magazine according to claim 4, wherein said rectilinear ridges are disposed internally of the magazine.

Claims (8)

1. A small arms magazine comprising an elongate rectilinear casing having a pair of opposed side walls each having at least a first elongate ridge, a base plate, and means defining an opening at the opposite end of the casing from the base plate for dispensing cartridges singly therefrom, an elongate spring having a plurality of turns with two portions formed therein to cooperate slidingly with a respective ridge on each side wall, and a follower member rigid with the end of the spring remote from the base plate, the said portions of the turns of the spring and the ridges of the side walls serving to guide the spring irrespective of its actual length and thereby to accommodate tilting of the follower member from a maximum with the magazine filled to a minimum with the magazine empty.
2. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein said ridges are internal and said spring portions are concave.
3. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein said first ridges lie opposite one another.
4. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein each side wall has second and third rectilinear ridges.
5. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein each turn of the spring is of elongated form and includes a pair of opposed straight portions, a pair of opposed concave portions each of which forms a continuation of one of the straight portions, and a pair of opposed semi-circular end portions, one of said end portions serving to join the concave portions and the other of said end portions serving to join the straight portions.
6. A magazine according to claim 1, wherein the spring exerts greater pressure on the back of the follower than on the front.
7. A magazine according to claim 6 in which the upper terminal turn of the spring, when in its free state, is raised at a greater angle than the other turns in order to exert said greater pressure on the back of the follower.
8. A magazine according to claim 4, wherein said rectilinear ridges are disposed internally of the magazine.
US3726038D 1969-10-22 1971-10-12 Rectilinear magazine Expired - Lifetime US3726038A (en)

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US86831069A true 1969-10-22 1969-10-22
US18795471A true 1971-10-12 1971-10-12

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4139959A (en) * 1977-05-13 1979-02-20 Howard William J Cartridge magazine
WO1982000878A1 (en) * 1980-09-10 1982-03-18 Arms Inc Coonan Magazine for large-caliber handguns
US4472900A (en) * 1982-12-22 1984-09-25 Howard William J Telescoping magazine
US4831761A (en) * 1988-06-09 1989-05-23 Kulakow Eric M Gun magazine and spring assembly
WO2008156902A2 (en) * 2007-04-06 2008-12-24 Airtronic Usa, Inc. Arcuate magazine for a firearm and a method for making the same
US20110173857A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Hogan Jr R Russell Increased capacity ammunition clip
US20120124879A1 (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-05-24 Larue Mark C Firearmcartridge magazine having mechanism for low-friction cartridge orienting and guiding
US10401105B2 (en) * 2017-01-13 2019-09-03 Sig Sauer, Inc. Multi-caliber magazine for a firearm and a method of forming the same

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1069339A (en) * 1912-05-31 1913-08-05 Theodore D Layman Detachable gun-magazine.
US1858862A (en) * 1931-01-19 1932-05-17 Remington Arms Co Inc Firearm
US2777235A (en) * 1953-03-10 1957-01-15 Edward W Hopkins Firearm magazine with negator coil springs
US2795880A (en) * 1952-03-06 1957-06-18 Patchett George William Cartridge magazine with spring guide means
US2903809A (en) * 1956-02-21 1959-09-15 Fairchild Engine & Airplane Co Cartridge magazine of aluminum or magnesium
US3440751A (en) * 1967-06-30 1969-04-29 Colt S Inc Firearm box magazine with straight end and intermediate arcuate portions
US3619929A (en) * 1969-03-13 1971-11-16 Colt S Inc Magazine with anti-double-feed indentations in the side walls

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1069339A (en) * 1912-05-31 1913-08-05 Theodore D Layman Detachable gun-magazine.
US1858862A (en) * 1931-01-19 1932-05-17 Remington Arms Co Inc Firearm
US2795880A (en) * 1952-03-06 1957-06-18 Patchett George William Cartridge magazine with spring guide means
US2777235A (en) * 1953-03-10 1957-01-15 Edward W Hopkins Firearm magazine with negator coil springs
US2903809A (en) * 1956-02-21 1959-09-15 Fairchild Engine & Airplane Co Cartridge magazine of aluminum or magnesium
US3440751A (en) * 1967-06-30 1969-04-29 Colt S Inc Firearm box magazine with straight end and intermediate arcuate portions
US3619929A (en) * 1969-03-13 1971-11-16 Colt S Inc Magazine with anti-double-feed indentations in the side walls

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4139959A (en) * 1977-05-13 1979-02-20 Howard William J Cartridge magazine
WO1982000878A1 (en) * 1980-09-10 1982-03-18 Arms Inc Coonan Magazine for large-caliber handguns
US4329802A (en) * 1980-09-10 1982-05-18 Coonan Arms, Inc. Magazine for large-caliber handguns
US4472900A (en) * 1982-12-22 1984-09-25 Howard William J Telescoping magazine
US4831761A (en) * 1988-06-09 1989-05-23 Kulakow Eric M Gun magazine and spring assembly
WO2008156902A2 (en) * 2007-04-06 2008-12-24 Airtronic Usa, Inc. Arcuate magazine for a firearm and a method for making the same
WO2008156902A3 (en) * 2007-04-06 2009-02-19 Airtronic Usa Inc Arcuate magazine for a firearm and a method for making the same
US20100101132A1 (en) * 2007-04-06 2010-04-29 Airtronic Usa, Inc. Arcuate magazine for a firearm and a method for making the same
US20110173857A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Hogan Jr R Russell Increased capacity ammunition clip
US8365454B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-02-05 Hogan Jr R Russell Increased capacity ammunition clip
US20120124879A1 (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-05-24 Larue Mark C Firearmcartridge magazine having mechanism for low-friction cartridge orienting and guiding
US10401105B2 (en) * 2017-01-13 2019-09-03 Sig Sauer, Inc. Multi-caliber magazine for a firearm and a method of forming the same

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