US3720955A - Football helmet - Google Patents

Football helmet Download PDF

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Publication number
US3720955A
US3720955A US3720955DA US3720955A US 3720955 A US3720955 A US 3720955A US 3720955D A US3720955D A US 3720955DA US 3720955 A US3720955 A US 3720955A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pad
channel
helmet
rear
means
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Rawlings
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Q HOLDINGS CORP
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Questor Corp
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Priority to US20222071A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3720955A publication Critical patent/US3720955A/en
Assigned to SPALDING CORPORATION reassignment SPALDING CORPORATION MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). JAN 3,1984 Assignors: QUESTOR CORPORATION
Assigned to Q HOLDINGS CORP. reassignment Q HOLDINGS CORP. MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SPALDING CORPORATION
Assigned to SPALDING & EVENFLO COMPANIES, INC reassignment SPALDING & EVENFLO COMPANIES, INC ASSIGNS THE ENTIRE INTEREST AS OF SEPTEMBER 12,1984 Assignors: Q HOLDINGS CORP.
Assigned to LUFKIN, DAN W., AGENT, Q HOLDINGS CORP., NOTEHOLDER reassignment LUFKIN, DAN W., AGENT SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SPALDING & EVENFLO COMPANIES, INC.
Assigned to CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT reassignment CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SPALDING & EVENFLO COMPANIES, INC.
Assigned to Q HOLDINGS CORP. reassignment Q HOLDINGS CORP. MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SPALDING CORPORATION
Assigned to SPALDING & EVENFLO COMPANIES, INC., Q HOLDINGS CORPORATION reassignment SPALDING & EVENFLO COMPANIES, INC. RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LUFKIN, DAN W., AS AGENT
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/10Linings
    • A42B3/12Cushioning devices
    • A42B3/125Cushioning devices with a padded structure, e.g. foam
    • A42B3/127Cushioning devices with a padded structure, e.g. foam with removable or adjustable pads
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S2/00Apparel
    • Y10S2/908Guard or protector having a hook-loop type fastener
    • Y10S2/909Head protector, e.g. helmet, goggles

Abstract

A contour adjusting device for a football helmet having an elongated channel in the rear padding of the helmet located substantially adjacent the nape of the neck of the wearer. A resilient pad of a selectively predetermined depth and of a dimension to fit within the elongated channel is secured within the channel and extends outwardly therefrom. The use of different depth pads adjusts the rear of the helmet to provide a snug fit against the nape of the neck.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Rawlings FOOTBALL HELMET [75] Inventor: John H. Rawlings, Ava, Mich.

[73] Assignee: Questor Corporation, Toledo, Ohio [22] Filed: Nov. 26, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 202,220

[52] U.S. Cl. ..2/3 R [51] Int. Cl. ..A42b 3/00 [58] Field of Search ..2/3, 5, 6

[56] References Cited 1 UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,292,180 12/1966 Marietta ..2/3 R 3,447,162 6/1969 Aileo "2/3 R 3,568,210 3/1971 Marietta.... ..'...2/3 R 3,577,562 5/1971 Holt ..2/3 R 1 5 March 20, 1973 Marietta .213 R Raney ..2/3 R Primary Examiner -Jarnes R. Boler Attorney-Donald R. Bahr [571 ABSTRACT A contour adjusting device for a football helmet having an elongated channel in the rear padding of the helmet located substantially adjacent the nape of the neck of the wearer. A resilient pad of a selectively predetermined depth and of a dimension to fit within the elongated channel is securecLwithin the channel and extends outwardly therefrom. The use of different 5 depth pads adjusts the rear of the helmet to provide a snug fit against the nape of the neck.

4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures FOOTBALL HELMET This application relates generally to football helmets and more specifically to a removable pad at the rear of the helmet for adjusting the inner part of the helmet to different wearers heads.

. The present day football helmet has become fairly standardized as to the basic configuration formed by the outer shell and the inner resilient lining about the head and the ears. Further, most helmets include a webbing which rests essentially on top of the wearers head and prevents the helmet from being driven down onto his head. One of the problems which exists, primarily due to the fact that a face guard is mounted on the helmet, is the fact that any blow or pull upwardly on a face guard causes the helmet to rock about the wearers head so as to press the rear part of the helmet back and against the nape of the wearers neck. It is obvious that a blow of any severity can damage this very vulnerable part of the head and neck of the wearer.

Most helmets include a resilient padding at the rear part of the helmet which extends below the outer shell so as to provide at least some'cushioning effect in the event of the above-described situation. However, if there is a substantial amount of room between the nape of the wearers neck and the lower rear portion of the helmet, the rockingmovement will allow the helmet to hit the nape of the neck with such a force that the padding does not have the desired protectiveeffect.

Many designs have been provided in an attempt to adjust this inner section at the rear of the wearers neck so as to provide a snug fit. Obviously, helmets cannot be designed so as to fit every differently shaped head exactly so that the fit must be accomplished after the helmet has been basically manufactured.

Various rather complicated devices have been proposed which are either removable and exchangeable or which may be finally permanently fixed in place for a particular shaped head. However, when the helmet is being worn or will be worn by different people, such as in the football leagues for younger children, the cumbersome structure does not lend itself to easy adjustment and therefore is often ignored or improperly used.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a simple means for adjusting the rear lower part of the football helmet to mate with the nape of the neck of the wearer.

A further object of this invention is to provide simple selectively replaceable cushions of various depths which may easily be removed and replaced by anyone in a very short period of time.

These and other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following description taken in con-. junction with the drawing wherein FIG. I is a perspective view-of a standard type helmet with a cut-away section illustrating a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a section taken along lines 2 -2 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is an exploded view of a further embodiment of the device of the present invention.

Broadly speaking, the invention comprises a contour adjusting device for a football helmet having an elongated channel in the rear padding of the helmet located substantially adjacent the nape of the neck of the wearer and a resilient pad of a selectively predetermined depth and of a dimension to tit within the elongated channel which extends outwardly therefrom. The extent to which the pad extends outwardly from the channel is therefore determined by the depth of the pad, and means are provided for removably securing the pad within the channel.

Turning now more specifically to the drawings, there.

is illustrated in FIG. 1 a standard type football helmet 11 including a face mask 13 and inner padding 15 extending about the forward part of the head to the temple. Ear pad cushioning 17 extends along the lower ear flap. The rear of the helmet includes a rear padding 1 9 which normally extends from the upper inner rear part of the helmet downwardly beyond the outer plastic shell of the helmet.

There is also illustrated in FIG. 1 a resilient elongated removable pad 21 which nestles within the rear padding 19 as more clearly shown in FIG. 2. Rear padding 19 has an elongated channel section such as is shown in FIG. 3 within which the removable pad 21 is secured. g

As stated above, the purpose of the present invention is to adjust the helmet so as to obtain a snug fit between the rear of the helmet and the napeof the neck of the wearer. Since the contour of the wearers head varies quite substantially from person to person, this snug fit may be obtained by having available pads of varying depth such as illustrated in dotted. lines by pads 23 and 25. These could also be additional sections which could be mounted if desired on the original pad. However, from a convenience and manufacturing standpoint, it is preferrable to supply the pads individually.

.As shown, the pad 21 includes/a stiffener 27 at the 'inner face thereof with internally threaded cylindrical with the cylindrical members 35. FIG. 3 also discloses another means of securing the pad within the channel which includes a hook and loop fastener respectively on the faces 43 and 45 such as that sold under the trademark Velcro. This, of 1 course, may be used alone or could be used together with the bolt members 33 as shown in FIG. 2. In either case the padding 41 is secured tightly .within the channel and yet may be easily and quickly removed.

a It will be seen that means have been provided for adding additional needed protection to a football helmet to reduce the number of accidents caused by the rocking of the helmet and the contact with the rear of the nape of the wearers neck. Further, since the pads may be easily and quickly replaced, people in charge of the teams, particularly in the younger leagues, will be more prone to adjust the helmets properly and thus reduce injuries.

The above description and drawings are considered illustrative only and the invention is to be limited only by the scope of the following claims.

lclaim:

1. In a'football helmet including front, rear and ear piece fixed padding, a contour adjusting device comprising an elongated channel in said rear padding located substantially adjacent the nape of the neck of the wearer of the helmet,

a resilient pad of a selectively predetermined depth and of a dimension to fit within said elongated channel and extend outwardly therefrom, the extent to which said pad extends outwardly from said channel being determined by the depth of said pad, and

means for removably securing said pad within said channel.

2. The device of claim 1 wherein said means for removably securing said pad within said channel comprises at least one internally threaded cylindrical element separable hook and loop fastener elements located respectively on one side of said pad and the inner face of said channel. 4. The device of claim 2 wherein said means for securing said pad within said channel further comprises separable hook and loop fastener elements located respectively on one side of said pad and the inner face of said channel.

Claims (4)

1. In a football helmet including front, rear and ear piece fixed padding, a contour adjusting device comprising an elongated channel in said rear padding located substantially adjacent the nape of the neck of the wearer of the helmet, a resilient pad of a selectively predetermined depth and of a dimension to fit within said elongated channel and extend outwardly therefrom, the extent to which said pad extEnds outwardly from said channel being determined by the depth of said pad, and means for removably securing said pad within said channel.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said means for removably securing said pad within said channel comprises at least one internally threaded cylindrical element secured to said pad and extending outwardly from one face thereof, a bore hole through said rear padding and said helmet, said bore hole mating with said cylindrical element, and a threaded bolt extending through said helmet and into said internally threaded cylindrical element.
3. The device of claim 1 wherein said means for removably securing said pad within said channel comprises separable hook and loop fastener elements located respectively on one side of said pad and the inner face of said channel.
4. The device of claim 2 wherein said means for securing said pad within said channel further comprises separable hook and loop fastener elements located respectively on one side of said pad and the inner face of said channel.
US3720955D 1971-11-26 1971-11-26 Football helmet Expired - Lifetime US3720955A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2553266A1 (en) * 1983-10-15 1985-04-19 Nolan Spa Adaptable helmet for different sized heads
EP0259269A1 (en) * 1986-09-05 1988-03-09 NOLAN S.p.A. A full-face crash helmet with an improved chin-covering member
US4831668A (en) * 1988-06-23 1989-05-23 Riddell, Inc. Padding structure for use in protective headgear
EP0346608A2 (en) * 1988-06-14 1989-12-20 Michio Arai Full face type helmet
US5014365A (en) * 1989-01-23 1991-05-14 Maxpro Helmets, Inc. Gas-fitted protective helmet
FR2729057A1 (en) * 1995-01-09 1996-07-12 Gallet Sa helmet development which the lower rear of the shell includes means for elastic deformations
EP0771534A1 (en) * 1995-10-30 1997-05-07 SHOEI KAKO Co., LTD. Safety helmet and a head protector therefor
WO1998023175A1 (en) * 1996-11-29 1998-06-04 Bauer Inc. Padding with embedded fastener for use in a helmet
US5794272A (en) * 1995-07-14 1998-08-18 Specialized Bicycle Components, Inc. Protective helmet with improved retention system having a rear stabilizer
US5829065A (en) * 1994-02-15 1998-11-03 Cahill; Kevin J. Industrial protective helmet
US6446271B1 (en) * 2001-05-31 2002-09-10 Chang-Hsien Ho Auxiliary buffer envelope device for inner pad of safety helmet
US20110209272A1 (en) * 2010-03-01 2011-09-01 Drake Carl Protective sports helmet with energy-absorbing padding and a facemask with force-distributing shock absorbers
US20120110720A1 (en) * 2009-04-24 2012-05-10 Alpinestars Research Srl Impact absorbing liner with adjustment device
USD708395S1 (en) 2013-08-23 2014-07-01 Joey LaRocque Protective helmet
US20140223643A1 (en) * 2013-02-12 2014-08-14 Riddell, Inc. Pad assemblies for a protective sports helmet
US20150237946A1 (en) * 2012-10-05 2015-08-27 Elwood J. B. Simpson Football helmet having improved impact absorption
US20150257471A1 (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-09-17 Kranos Ip Corporation Single-Layer Padding System
US20150272257A1 (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-10-01 Bell Sports, Inc. Locking liner for helmet
USD774257S1 (en) 2015-02-11 2016-12-13 Joey LaRocque Helmet
US9572390B1 (en) * 2012-10-05 2017-02-21 Elwood J. B. Simpson Football helmet having improved impact absorption
WO2017171694A1 (en) * 2016-03-27 2017-10-05 Tutunaru Catalin Football helmet
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US10271605B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3292180A (en) * 1964-12-15 1966-12-20 Michael T Marietta Helmet
US3447162A (en) * 1967-02-06 1969-06-03 Gentex Corp Safety helmet with improved stabilizing and size adjusting means
US3568210A (en) * 1968-10-10 1971-03-09 Michael T Marietta Protective headgear
US3577562A (en) * 1969-10-01 1971-05-04 Mike C Holt Athletes{3 {0 protective helmet particularly football
US3605113A (en) * 1969-05-05 1971-09-20 Charles Wayne Marietta Protective headgear
US3609763A (en) * 1970-06-05 1971-10-05 American Safety Equip Retainer and neck guard for full coverage safety helmet

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3292180A (en) * 1964-12-15 1966-12-20 Michael T Marietta Helmet
US3447162A (en) * 1967-02-06 1969-06-03 Gentex Corp Safety helmet with improved stabilizing and size adjusting means
US3568210A (en) * 1968-10-10 1971-03-09 Michael T Marietta Protective headgear
US3605113A (en) * 1969-05-05 1971-09-20 Charles Wayne Marietta Protective headgear
US3577562A (en) * 1969-10-01 1971-05-04 Mike C Holt Athletes{3 {0 protective helmet particularly football
US3609763A (en) * 1970-06-05 1971-10-05 American Safety Equip Retainer and neck guard for full coverage safety helmet

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2553266A1 (en) * 1983-10-15 1985-04-19 Nolan Spa Adaptable helmet for different sized heads
EP0259269A1 (en) * 1986-09-05 1988-03-09 NOLAN S.p.A. A full-face crash helmet with an improved chin-covering member
EP0346608A2 (en) * 1988-06-14 1989-12-20 Michio Arai Full face type helmet
EP0346608A3 (en) * 1988-06-14 1990-03-28 Michio Arai Full face type helmet
US4831668A (en) * 1988-06-23 1989-05-23 Riddell, Inc. Padding structure for use in protective headgear
US5014365A (en) * 1989-01-23 1991-05-14 Maxpro Helmets, Inc. Gas-fitted protective helmet
US5829065A (en) * 1994-02-15 1998-11-03 Cahill; Kevin J. Industrial protective helmet
FR2729057A1 (en) * 1995-01-09 1996-07-12 Gallet Sa helmet development which the lower rear of the shell includes means for elastic deformations
WO1996021370A1 (en) * 1995-01-09 1996-07-18 Gallet S.A. Improvement to a helmet having resilient bending means in the lower rear portion of the shell thereof
US6131207A (en) * 1995-01-09 2000-10-17 Gallet S.A. Helmet having resilient bending means in the lower rear portion of the shell thereof
US5794272A (en) * 1995-07-14 1998-08-18 Specialized Bicycle Components, Inc. Protective helmet with improved retention system having a rear stabilizer
EP0771534A1 (en) * 1995-10-30 1997-05-07 SHOEI KAKO Co., LTD. Safety helmet and a head protector therefor
WO1998023175A1 (en) * 1996-11-29 1998-06-04 Bauer Inc. Padding with embedded fastener for use in a helmet
US6202223B1 (en) 1996-11-29 2001-03-20 Bauer Nike Hockey Inc. Padding with embedded fastener for use in a helmet
US6446271B1 (en) * 2001-05-31 2002-09-10 Chang-Hsien Ho Auxiliary buffer envelope device for inner pad of safety helmet
US10143257B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-12-04 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US10271605B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US8887318B2 (en) * 2009-04-24 2014-11-18 Alpinestars Research Srl Impact absorbing liner with adjustment device
US20120110720A1 (en) * 2009-04-24 2012-05-10 Alpinestars Research Srl Impact absorbing liner with adjustment device
US20110209272A1 (en) * 2010-03-01 2011-09-01 Drake Carl Protective sports helmet with energy-absorbing padding and a facemask with force-distributing shock absorbers
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US20150237946A1 (en) * 2012-10-05 2015-08-27 Elwood J. B. Simpson Football helmet having improved impact absorption
US9572390B1 (en) * 2012-10-05 2017-02-21 Elwood J. B. Simpson Football helmet having improved impact absorption
US9603408B2 (en) * 2012-10-05 2017-03-28 Elwood J. B. Simpson Football helmet having improved impact absorption
US9770060B2 (en) * 2013-02-12 2017-09-26 Riddell, Inc. Pad assemblies for a protective sports helmet
US20140223643A1 (en) * 2013-02-12 2014-08-14 Riddell, Inc. Pad assemblies for a protective sports helmet
USRE46249E1 (en) 2013-08-23 2016-12-27 Joey LaRocque Protective helmet
USD708395S1 (en) 2013-08-23 2014-07-01 Joey LaRocque Protective helmet
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US9622533B2 (en) * 2014-03-13 2017-04-18 Kranos Ip Corporation Single-layer padding system
US20150257471A1 (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-09-17 Kranos Ip Corporation Single-Layer Padding System
US9986779B2 (en) * 2014-04-01 2018-06-05 Bell Sports, Inc. Locking linear for helmet
US20150272257A1 (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-10-01 Bell Sports, Inc. Locking liner for helmet
USD774257S1 (en) 2015-02-11 2016-12-13 Joey LaRocque Helmet
WO2017171694A1 (en) * 2016-03-27 2017-10-05 Tutunaru Catalin Football helmet

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