US371664A - stone - Google Patents

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US371664A
US371664A US371664DA US371664A US 371664 A US371664 A US 371664A US 371664D A US371664D A US 371664DA US 371664 A US371664 A US 371664A
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forceps
current
arms
jaws
fig
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1492Probes or electrodes therefor having a flexible, catheter-like structure, e.g. for heart ablation

Description

(No Model.)

J. BRANNAN 8: W. E. STONE.

'ELECTRIC PORGFPS.

110.371,664. Patented 001;. 18, 1887.

//v VEA/70H By )www ZEW Q60; A fr0/Mfr N PETERS. PhowLnhegmphur. wnhingmmllc.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE..

JOHN BRANNAN AND VILLIAM E. STONE, OF DENVER, COLORADO.

ELECTRIC FORCEPS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 371,664-I d'ated October 18, 1887.

Application filed November 29, 1886. Serial No. 220,185.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known ,that we, JOHN BRANNAN and WILLIAM E. STONE, both citizens of the United States, residing at Denver, in the county of Arapahoe and State of Colorado, have invented a new and useful Electric Forceps, of which the following is a specification.

Our invention relates to surgical instruments through which currents of electricity are passed for the purpose of anzestheticising the nerves with which it comes in contact; and the object of our invention is to provide a means of conducting a current of electricity to the parts operated on through the instrument used, especially through the forceps used in dentistry. We obtain these objects by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a side view of a pair of dental forceps, showing one handle insulated and where the connecting wires are attached. Fig. 2 is a pair of forceps, showing the insulation between the arms. Fig. 3 is a section through the rivet which holds the arms in place and the arms and insulation, and Fig. et is a sectional View illustrating another way of connecting the electric conductors with the jaws.

Si milar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

The arm a of the forceps is insulated from the arm where it passes by Or through b, and also is b insulated from the rivet d, which holds a and b together, as shown at c, Fig. 3. There is also an insulator placed on or around one or bot-h of the arms or handles of the forceps to prevent the operator from receiving the current, which insulator is represented by ein the drawings. Thus it will be seen that by attaching the positive pole of an electric battery to one of the armsuof the instrunient and the negative pole to the other arm a connection will be made between them as soon as the beak touches a conductor like a toot-h in an animals'jaw, and the current will (No model.)

pass through this conductor and form a circuit. It has been practically demonstrated that the passage of such a current through a nerve will act as an aneesthetic and make the nerve so operated upon insensible of pain, which would with ordinary means be very acute.

We are aware that previous to our invention a current of electricity has been used for the purpose; but with the means used for applying it (which are very inconvenient and impracticable) the full benefits have not been Obtained. We do not conne ourselves to this exact manner of connecting the current with the beak of the forceps, as it may be passed through the jaws of the beak alone, which may be insulated from the arms or handles; or it may be conducted to the tooth by a wire or other conductorlaid in slots or holes in the beaks andinsulated up to the point where the end of the wire or other conductor reaches the tooth or nerves. (See Fig. 2, dotted lines, marked f, and Fig. 4..)

Therefore, what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States of America, is-

1. In surgical or dental forceps, the combination of a forceps having a hole or slotin the jaws of the beak in|which a wire or other conductor of electricity is placed for the purpose of carrying a current of electricity to a nerve, for the purpose substantially as described and set forth.

2. The dental forceps herein described, having their arms or jaws pivoted together with insulating material between theirinner facingsurfaces where the jaws cross each other and surrounding the pivoting pin, and electricV conductors connected to said jaws, substantially as described.

JOHN BRANNAN.

WILLIAM E. STONE.

Witnesses:

J. A. POLE, P. S. HALE.

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Cited By (142)

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US5026370A (en) * 1981-03-11 1991-06-25 Lottick Edward A Electrocautery instrument
US5116332A (en) * 1981-03-11 1992-05-26 Lottick Edward A Electrocautery hemostat
WO1999023959A1 (en) 1997-11-12 1999-05-20 Valleylab, Inc. Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
WO1999023933A2 (en) 1997-11-12 1999-05-20 Valleylab, Inc. Bipolar electrosurgical instrument with replaceable electrodes
US6152923A (en) * 1999-04-28 2000-11-28 Sherwood Services Ag Multi-contact forceps and method of sealing, coagulating, cauterizing and/or cutting vessels and tissue
US6228083B1 (en) 1997-11-14 2001-05-08 Sherwood Services Ag Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument
US6267761B1 (en) 1997-09-09 2001-07-31 Sherwood Services Ag Apparatus and method for sealing and cutting tissue
US6277117B1 (en) 1998-10-23 2001-08-21 Sherwood Services Ag Open vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes
US6334861B1 (en) 1997-09-10 2002-01-01 Sherwood Services Ag Biopolar instrument for vessel sealing
US6358273B1 (en) 1999-04-09 2002-03-19 Oratec Inventions, Inc. Soft tissue heating apparatus with independent, cooperative heating sources
US6379350B1 (en) 1999-10-05 2002-04-30 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Surgical instrument for ablation and aspiration
US6391028B1 (en) 1997-02-12 2002-05-21 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Probe with distally orientated concave curve for arthroscopic surgery
USD457959S1 (en) 2001-04-06 2002-05-28 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer
USD457958S1 (en) 2001-04-06 2002-05-28 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer and divider
US6458130B1 (en) 1998-10-23 2002-10-01 Sherwood Services Ag Endoscopic bipolar electrosurgical forceps
US6461357B1 (en) 1997-02-12 2002-10-08 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Electrode for electrosurgical ablation of tissue
US20020188294A1 (en) * 2001-04-06 2002-12-12 Couture Gary M. Vessel sealer and divider
US20030014052A1 (en) * 1997-11-14 2003-01-16 Buysse Steven P. Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument
US20030014053A1 (en) * 1998-10-23 2003-01-16 Nguyen Lap P. Vessel sealing instrument
US20030018331A1 (en) * 2001-04-06 2003-01-23 Dycus Sean T. Vessel sealer and divider
US6511480B1 (en) 1998-10-23 2003-01-28 Sherwood Services Ag Open vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes
US20030060818A1 (en) * 1999-04-21 2003-03-27 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling a temperature-controlled probe
US6544260B1 (en) 1996-08-20 2003-04-08 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method for treating tissue in arthroscopic environment using precooling and apparatus for same
US6585735B1 (en) 1998-10-23 2003-07-01 Sherwood Services Ag Endoscopic bipolar electrosurgical forceps
US6645203B2 (en) 1997-02-12 2003-11-11 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Surgical instrument with off-axis electrode
US6695839B2 (en) 2001-02-08 2004-02-24 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method and apparatus for treatment of disrupted articular cartilage
US6726686B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2004-04-27 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
USD499181S1 (en) 2003-05-15 2004-11-30 Sherwood Services Ag Handle for a vessel sealer and divider
US6887240B1 (en) 1995-09-19 2005-05-03 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealing wave jaw
US6997941B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2006-02-14 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating annular fissures in intervertebral discs
US7033354B2 (en) 2002-12-10 2006-04-25 Sherwood Services Ag Electrosurgical electrode having a non-conductive porous ceramic coating
US7090673B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2006-08-15 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer and divider
US7101373B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2006-09-05 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer and divider
US7101372B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2006-09-05 Sherwood Sevices Ag Vessel sealer and divider
US7118570B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2006-10-10 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes
US7118587B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2006-10-10 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer and divider
US7131970B2 (en) 2003-11-19 2006-11-07 Sherwood Services Ag Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism
US7135020B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2006-11-14 Sherwood Services Ag Electrosurgical instrument reducing flashover
US7147638B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2006-12-12 Sherwood Services Ag Electrosurgical instrument which reduces thermal damage to adjacent tissue
US7150749B2 (en) 2003-06-13 2006-12-19 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer and divider having elongated knife stroke and safety cutting mechanism
US7150097B2 (en) 2003-06-13 2006-12-19 Sherwood Services Ag Method of manufacturing jaw assembly for vessel sealer and divider
US7156846B2 (en) 2003-06-13 2007-01-02 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas
US7160299B2 (en) 2003-05-01 2007-01-09 Sherwood Services Ag Method of fusing biomaterials with radiofrequency energy
US7179258B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2007-02-20 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
US7195631B2 (en) 2004-09-09 2007-03-27 Sherwood Services Ag Forceps with spring loaded end effector assembly
US7226447B2 (en) 2004-06-23 2007-06-05 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Electrosurgical generator
US7232440B2 (en) 2003-11-17 2007-06-19 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension
US7252667B2 (en) 2003-11-19 2007-08-07 Sherwood Services Ag Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism and distal lockout
US7267677B2 (en) 1998-10-23 2007-09-11 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealing instrument
US7270664B2 (en) 2002-10-04 2007-09-18 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism
US7276068B2 (en) 2002-10-04 2007-10-02 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism
US7367976B2 (en) 2003-11-17 2008-05-06 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension
US7384421B2 (en) 2004-10-06 2008-06-10 Sherwood Services Ag Slide-activated cutting assembly
US20080167651A1 (en) * 1998-10-23 2008-07-10 Tetzlaff Philip M Vessel sealing instrument
US7435249B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2008-10-14 Covidien Ag Electrosurgical instruments which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue
US7442193B2 (en) 2003-11-20 2008-10-28 Covidien Ag Electrically conductive/insulative over-shoe for tissue fusion
US7473253B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2009-01-06 Covidien Ag Vessel sealer and divider with non-conductive stop members
US7491202B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2009-02-17 Covidien Ag Electrosurgical forceps with slow closure sealing plates and method of sealing tissue
US7491201B2 (en) 2003-05-15 2009-02-17 Covidien Ag Tissue sealer with non-conductive variable stop members and method of sealing tissue
US7500975B2 (en) 2003-11-19 2009-03-10 Covidien Ag Spring loaded reciprocating tissue cutting mechanism in a forceps-style electrosurgical instrument
US7540872B2 (en) 2004-09-21 2009-06-02 Covidien Ag Articulating bipolar electrosurgical instrument
US7582087B2 (en) 1998-10-23 2009-09-01 Covidien Ag Vessel sealing instrument
US7597693B2 (en) 2003-06-13 2009-10-06 Covidien Ag Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas
US7628792B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2009-12-08 Covidien Ag Bilateral foot jaws
US7628791B2 (en) 2005-08-19 2009-12-08 Covidien Ag Single action tissue sealer
US7641653B2 (en) 2006-05-04 2010-01-05 Covidien Ag Open vessel sealing forceps disposable handswitch
US7655003B2 (en) 2005-06-22 2010-02-02 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Electrosurgical power control
US20100042142A1 (en) * 2008-08-15 2010-02-18 Cunningham James S Method of Transferring Pressure in an Articulating Surgical Instrument
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US7686827B2 (en) 2004-10-21 2010-03-30 Covidien Ag Magnetic closure mechanism for hemostat
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Cited By (266)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5026370A (en) * 1981-03-11 1991-06-25 Lottick Edward A Electrocautery instrument
US5116332A (en) * 1981-03-11 1992-05-26 Lottick Edward A Electrocautery hemostat
US6887240B1 (en) 1995-09-19 2005-05-03 Sherwood Services Ag Vessel sealing wave jaw
US7647123B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2010-01-12 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method for treating intervertebral discs
US8187312B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2012-05-29 Neurotherm, Inc. Method for treating intervertebral disc
US8226697B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2012-07-24 Neurotherm, Inc. Method for treating intervertebral disc
US7400930B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2008-07-15 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method for treating intervertebral discs
US6997941B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2006-02-14 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method and apparatus for treating annular fissures in intervertebral discs
US7267683B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2007-09-11 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method for treating intervertebral discs
US20080091252A1 (en) * 1996-08-13 2008-04-17 Oratec Interventions, Inc., A California Corporation Method for treating intervertebral disc
US7282061B2 (en) 1996-08-13 2007-10-16 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method of treating intervertebral disc
US6544260B1 (en) 1996-08-20 2003-04-08 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Method for treating tissue in arthroscopic environment using precooling and apparatus for same
US6461357B1 (en) 1997-02-12 2002-10-08 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Electrode for electrosurgical ablation of tissue
US6645203B2 (en) 1997-02-12 2003-11-11 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Surgical instrument with off-axis electrode
US6391028B1 (en) 1997-02-12 2002-05-21 Oratec Interventions, Inc. Probe with distally orientated concave curve for arthroscopic surgery
US7270660B2 (en) 1997-09-09 2007-09-18 Sherwood Services Ag Apparatus and method for sealing and cutting tissue
US6932810B2 (en) 1997-09-09 2005-08-23 Sherwood Services Ag Apparatus and method for sealing and cutting tissue
US20050101965A1 (en) * 1997-09-09 2005-05-12 Sherwood Services Ag Apparatus and method for sealing and cutting tissue
US6267761B1 (en) 1997-09-09 2001-07-31 Sherwood Services Ag Apparatus and method for sealing and cutting tissue
US6334861B1 (en) 1997-09-10 2002-01-01 Sherwood Services Ag Biopolar instrument for vessel sealing
US8298228B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2012-10-30 Coviden Ag Electrosurgical instrument which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue
US7135020B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2006-11-14 Sherwood Services Ag Electrosurgical instrument reducing flashover
US7435249B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2008-10-14 Covidien Ag Electrosurgical instruments which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue
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US8211105B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2012-07-03 Covidien Ag Electrosurgical instrument which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue
US7963965B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2011-06-21 Covidien Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
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US6187003B1 (en) 1997-11-12 2001-02-13 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
US6050996A (en) * 1997-11-12 2000-04-18 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument with replaceable electrodes
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US7160298B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2007-01-09 Sherwood Services Ag Electrosurgical instrument which reduces effects to adjacent tissue structures
US7179258B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2007-02-20 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
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US6726686B2 (en) 1997-11-12 2004-04-27 Sherwood Services Ag Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels
US6960210B2 (en) 1997-11-14 2005-11-01 Sherwood Services Ag Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument
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US7828798B2 (en) 1997-11-14 2010-11-09 Covidien Ag Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument
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