US3710679A - Silencer for mounting on firearm barrel - Google Patents

Silencer for mounting on firearm barrel Download PDF

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Publication number
US3710679A
US3710679A US00102475A US3710679DA US3710679A US 3710679 A US3710679 A US 3710679A US 00102475 A US00102475 A US 00102475A US 3710679D A US3710679D A US 3710679DA US 3710679 A US3710679 A US 3710679A
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Prior art keywords
barrel
bushing
bore
threads
diameter
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Expired - Lifetime
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US00102475A
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M Werbell
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Quantum Corp
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Quantum Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A21/00Barrels; Gun tubes; Muzzle attachments; Barrel mounting means
    • F41A21/30Silencers

Abstract

A device, particularly a silencer, adapted to be mounted on and in axial alignment with the barrel of a firearm having an externally threaded end, the device mounting on the barrel at one point by means of internal threads in the device which engage the external threads on the barrel and at a second point by means of an annular clamp which compressively engages the barrel.

Description

United States Patent i191 Werbell, IH
[iii 3,710, 79 Jan. 16, 1973 54] SILENCER FOR MOUNTING ON FIREARM BARREL [75] Inventor: Mitchell L. Werbell, III, Powder Springs, Ga. [7 3] Assignee: The Quantum Corporation,
Washington, DC.
[22] Filed: Dec. 29, 1970 [21] Appl. N0.: 102,475
[52] US. Cl. ..89/14 D [51] Int. Cl. ..F4lc 21/18 [58] Field of Search ..89/14 R, 14 A, 14 B, 14 C, 89/14 D, 14 E, 145 B [56.] a v References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,026,528 1/1936 Green ..89/l4 A 2/1913 Maxim ..s9 14 1) 1,017,003 2 1912 Kenney ..s9/14 D FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 6,680 0/1908 Great Britain ..8'9/14 D Primary ExaminerStephen C. Bentley AztorneyNolte & Nolte [57] ABSTRACT A device, particularly a silencer, adapted to be mounted on and in axial alignment with the barrel of a firearm having an externally threaded end, the device mounting on the barrel at one point by means of internal threads in the device which engage the external threads on the barrel and at a second point by means of an annular clamp which compressively engages the barrel.
v 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures SILENCER FOR MOUNTING ON FIREARM BARREL This invention relates to a device adapted to be mounted on and in axial alignment with the barrel of a firearm.
The free end of the barrel of a firearm, particularly for military purposes, frequently is provided with external threads for the mounting on the barrel of a silencer, flash suppressor or other attachment. The prior art mechanisms for such mounting have not been fully satisfactory in dealing with the numerous problems involved. Among the problems, the following are particularly noteworthy. True alignment of the attachment with the barrel is essential and it is economically desirable to provide such alignment without modification of the barrel. The external diameter of the barrel at a given point varies from weapon to weapon of the same model due to manufacturing tolerances. Moreover, in a given weapon the barrel diameter will tend to increase upon heating, as occurs particularly during rapid sequence firing. Accordingly, while the attachment of the barrel at a second point in addition to the threaded end of the barrel might appear desirable for purposes of alignment, difficulties are encountered due to the and/or diameter variations. Hence, time-consuming alignment and realignment procedures and/or modification of the barrel are necessary. Also encountered is periodic loosening of the attachment under the duress of repeated firing.
According to the present invention, there isprovided a mounting device which overcomes the aforementioned problems. 1
The device of the invention comprises a hollow sleeve of internal diameter greater than the external diameter of the barrel, fixedly connected to the sleeve at a point spaced from at least one end of the sleeve, means defining an internally threaded bore adapted to receive coaxially the externally threaded end of the barrel with the threads of the barrel engaging the threads of the bore, and connected to the sleeve at a point spaced from the means defining the bore, means for compressively clamping the barrel.
The clamping means preferably comprises an annular bushing having a slit therethrough and of internal diameter, when uncompressed, greater than the external diameter of the barrel and, when so compressed that the slit is completely closed, no greater than the external diameter of the barrel and means for compressing the bushing thereby to narrow the slit and bring the bushing into annular engagement with the barrel.
Other features of a preferred construction of the device according to the invention are that the exterior of the bushing tapers inwardly in the axial direction toward the bore defining means and the clamping means further comprises fixedly connected to the sleeve, means defining a second bore, the second bore having a taper which mates with the taper of the bushing and having a portion of diameter sufficiently less than the diameter of the uncompressed bushing to compress the bushing to an internal diameter no greater than the external diameter of the barrel when the bushing is urged into diametrical alignment with the aforementioned portion and means for urging the bushing into the aforementioned diametrical alignment.
Additional features of a preferred construction according to the present invention are that the clamping means further comprises means defining external threads on a fixed cylindrical surface having a free end and being coaxial with the tapered bore and an annular collar having internal threads, the: free end of the cylindrical surface being received in the collar with the threads on the surface engaging the threads in the collar, the collar including means defining a surface transverse to the axis of the sleeve and abutting against the end of the bushing in which the diameter of the tapered bore in the bushing is larger and thereby being adapted to urge the bushing into the aforementioned diametrical alignment.
The slit in the bushing creates communication from the muzzle of the barrel to the exterior of the barrel and attachment in a backwards direction, i.e., in a general direction toward the user of the firearm. Therefore, to
prevent the possibility of the escape of gas and carbon 7 particles through the slit toward the users face it is preferred that the slit be directed transversely of axial planes of the bushing.
The invention will now be further described byreference to a specific preferred embodiment thereof, as illustrated in the drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a silencer incorporating the mounting device of the invention; and
FlG..2 is a sectional view taken on section line 2-2 of FIG. 1 and showing in detail the mounting device portion of the silencer.
Silencer 10 (FIG. 1) comprises a hollow sleeve 11 through which is provided a relief valve 12 and in which is provided a plurality of baffles 13 (one of which is illustrated in FIG. 2). Relief valve 12 and baffle 13 constitute no part of the present invention but are parts of silencers described in my copending application Ser. No. 19,829, filed Mar. 16, 1970. The mounting device of the present invention is integrated into the silencer, the sleeve 11 of the silencer also serving as the sleeve of the mounting device.
Fixedly positioned in the sleeve 11 is a member 24 provided with an internally threaded bore 25. Attached to one end of the sleeve 11 is an annular member 15 having a neck 14 the external surface of which is cylindrical and provided with threads 16 and the internal surface of which is in the form of a bore 17 which is coaxial with the bore 25 and tapers-inwardly in the axial direction toward the member 24. In mating relation with the bore 17 is provided a bushing 18 having an external surface 19 tapering similarly to the bore 17. Through the bushing 18 is provided a slit 20 directed transversely of axial planes of the bushing.
The bushing 18 is constituted preferably of brass or a tough, machinable, high temperature resistant plastic such as a fluorinated hydrocarbon (materials of which type are commonly known by the tradem fl a polyacetal (one common such material being com monly known by the trademark 'Delrin). The internal diameter of the bushing 18 when the bushing 18 is uncompressed is greater than the external diameter of the barrel of the firearm and the bushing may be compressed with a coincident narrowing of the slit 20 to an internal diameter equal to the external diameter-of the barrel.
As part of the mechanism for compressing the bushing 18 there is provided a collar 21 having an annular inwardly extending flange 22. The collar 21 is provided with internal threads 23 which engage the external threads 16 of the neck 14. Hence, twisting of the collar 21 to screw further down on the neck 16 causes the flange 22 to push the bushing'18 further into the bore 17. The wall of the bore 17 presses against the external wall 19 of the bushing causing the bushing 18 to decrease in internal diameter by virtue of narrowing of the slit 20. Conversely, twisting of the collar 21 in the reverse direction unscrews the collar 21 upwardly toward the top of the neck 14 and as the flange 22 moves away from the top of the neck 14, the bushing 18 moves in the same direction in continued abutment against the flange 22 due to widening again of the slit 20.
Mounting of the silencer or other firearm attachment onto the barrel of the firearm provided with a threaded muzzle is very simple. The collar 21 is unscrewed toward the top of the neck 14 sufficiently to permit the bushing 18 to open to an internal diameter greater than the external diameter of the barrel. The silencer is then slipped onto the barrel, with the muzzle passing through the bushing 18 and entering the bore 25. The silencer 10 is then twisted to screw the threaded bore 25 onto the threaded end of the muzzle. Then the collar is twisted to tighten the bushing 18 around the barrel. To remove the silencer from the firearm barrel, the collar 21 is first twisted in the reverse direction to loosen the bushing 18 from its clamping engagement with the barrel, the silencer 10 is twisted to unscrew the bore 25 from the threaded end of the muzzle and then the silencer I0 is slipped off the barrel.
While the invention has been described with reference to a specific embodiment thereof, it is to be internal diameter, when uncompressed, greater than the external diameter of the barrel and, when so compressed that the slit is completely closed, no greater than the external diameter of the barrel and means for compressing the bushing thereby to narrow the slit and bring the bushing into annular engagement with the barrel, fixedly connected to the sleeve means defining a second bore, the second bore having a taper which mates with the taper of the bushing and having a portion of diameter sufficientl less than the diameter of the uncompressed bushingo compress the bushing to an internal diameter no greater than the external diameter of the barrel when the bushing is urged into diametrical alignment with said portion, and means for urging the bushing into said diametrical alignment, means defining external threads on a fixed cylindrical surface having a free end and being coaxial with the understood that this is by way of illustration and is not second bore, an annular collar having internal threads, the free end of the cylindrical surface being received in the collar with the threads on the surface engaging the threads in the collar, the collar including means defining a surface transverse to the axis of the sleeve and abutting against the end of the bushing at which the diameter of the second bore is larger and thereby being adapted to urge the bushing into said diametrical alignment.
2..A device according to claim 1, in which the slit is directed transversely of axial planes of the bushing.
3. In combination, a device according to claim 1 and a firearm having a barrel provided with an externally threaded end, the device being mounted on saidbarrel.
4. In combination, a device according 'toclaim 2 and a firearm having a barrel provided with an externally threaded end, the device beingmounted on said barrel.

Claims (4)

1. A device adapted to be mounted on and in axial alignment with the barrel of a firearm having an externally threaded end, comprising a hollow sleeve of internal diameter greater than the external diameter of the barrel, fixedly connected to the sleeve at a point spaced from at least one end of the sleeve means defining an internally threaded bore adapted to receive coaxially the externally threaded end of the barrel with the threads of the barrel engaging the threads of the bore, and, connected to the sleeve at a point spaced from the means defining the bore, means for compressively clamping the barrel, the clamping means comprising an annular bushing the exterior of which tapers inwardly in the axial direction toward the bore defining means and said bushing having a slit therethrough and being of internal diameter, when uncompressed, greater than the external diameter of the barrel and, when so compressed that the slit is completely closed, no greater than the external diameter of the barrel and means for compressing the bushing thereby to narrow the slit and bring the bushing into annular engagement with the barrel, fixedly connected to the sleeve means defining a second bore, the second bore having a taper which mates with the taper of the bushing and having a portion of diameter sufficiently less than the diameter of the uncompressed bushing to compress the bushing to an internal diameter no greater than the external diameter of the barrel when the bushing is urged into diametrical alignment with said portion, and means for urging the bushing into said diametrical alignment, means defining external threads on a fixed cylindrical surface having a free end and being coaxial with the second bore, an annular collar having internal threads, the free end of the cylindrical surface being received in the collar with the threads on the surface engaging the threads in the collar, the collar including means defining a surface transverse to the axis of the sleeve and abutting against the end of the bushing at which the diameter of the second bore is larger and thereby being adapted to urge the bushing into said diametrical alignment.
2. A device according to claim 1, in which the slit is directed transversely of axial planes of the bushing.
3. In combination, a device according to claim 1 and a firearm having a barrel provided with an externally threaded end, the device being mounted on said barrel.
4. In combination, a device according to claim 2 and a firearm having a barrel provided with an externally threaded end, the device being mounted on said barrel.
US00102475A 1970-12-29 1970-12-29 Silencer for mounting on firearm barrel Expired - Lifetime US3710679A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4510843A (en) * 1983-08-24 1985-04-16 Rabatin Robert U Sound suppressor attaching device for guns
US5398589A (en) * 1994-01-12 1995-03-21 Wright Malta Corporation Large caliber gun muffler
US5753846A (en) * 1996-11-19 1998-05-19 Sigma Research Inc. Barrel extender with recoil reduction
US6658983B2 (en) 2002-04-04 2003-12-09 Wright-Malta Corporation Gun muffler and noise abatement system for large caliber gun
WO2007069086A2 (en) 2005-06-30 2007-06-21 Karl Brugger Lock/rotation mounted suppressor
US20120103176A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2012-05-03 Latka Gregory S Apparatus and method for securing a suppressor to a weapon
US8490535B1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2013-07-23 Fn Manufacturing, Llc Flash and sound suppressor for a firearm
US8490534B1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2013-07-23 Fn Manufacturing, Llc Flash hider
US20130319790A1 (en) * 2010-10-05 2013-12-05 John William Bladen Sound suppressor for firearms
US20150184968A1 (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-07-02 Oliver Fischer Silencer for a firearm
US20150184960A1 (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-02 Sergey Monveldt Muzzle Device for Firearm Having a Gas Operating System
US9303939B1 (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-04-05 Ar1510 Llc Tunable muzzle brake
US9891017B1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-02-13 Darryl S. Lee Firearm suppressor adapter
US20180195825A1 (en) * 2016-01-20 2018-07-12 Josh Allen Schoenfeld Methods and systems for firearm suppression
US10066890B1 (en) * 2017-04-27 2018-09-04 Darryl S. Lee Firearm suppressor adapter
US10145636B2 (en) * 2017-01-16 2018-12-04 David B. Stark Reduction of first shot noise in firearm sound suppressors
US10274279B2 (en) 2017-04-27 2019-04-30 Dbdrop Inc. Firearm suppressor adapter for firearm rails
US10337819B1 (en) * 2017-01-16 2019-07-02 David B. Stark Reduction of first shot noise in firearm sound suppressors
US10508879B1 (en) 2017-11-21 2019-12-17 Dbdrop Inc. Device for dampening residual effects from a firearm suppressor
US10527379B2 (en) 2017-04-27 2020-01-07 Dbdrop Inc. Firearm adapter
US20200025495A1 (en) * 2018-01-23 2020-01-23 Delta P Design, Inc. Suppressor with blowout panel
US10619962B1 (en) * 2017-02-28 2020-04-14 Ted Hatfield Sound suppressor for a firearm
US10996015B2 (en) * 2017-04-27 2021-05-04 Nssip Llc Firearm adapter
US11047640B1 (en) 2017-11-21 2021-06-29 Stwip Llc Device for dampening residual effects from a firearm suppressor

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190806680A (en) * 1908-03-25 1909-02-11 Hiram Stevens Maxim An Improved Device for Lessening the Sound of Discharge of Guns
US1017003A (en) * 1910-05-16 1912-02-13 Charles H Kenney Silencer for firearms.
US1054434A (en) * 1910-04-23 1913-02-25 Hiram Percy Maxim Firearm.
US2026528A (en) * 1931-11-23 1936-01-07 Samuel G Green Packed joint for guns

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190806680A (en) * 1908-03-25 1909-02-11 Hiram Stevens Maxim An Improved Device for Lessening the Sound of Discharge of Guns
US1054434A (en) * 1910-04-23 1913-02-25 Hiram Percy Maxim Firearm.
US1017003A (en) * 1910-05-16 1912-02-13 Charles H Kenney Silencer for firearms.
US2026528A (en) * 1931-11-23 1936-01-07 Samuel G Green Packed joint for guns

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4510843A (en) * 1983-08-24 1985-04-16 Rabatin Robert U Sound suppressor attaching device for guns
US5398589A (en) * 1994-01-12 1995-03-21 Wright Malta Corporation Large caliber gun muffler
US5610360A (en) * 1994-01-12 1997-03-11 Wright Malta Corporation Large caliber gun muffler
US5753846A (en) * 1996-11-19 1998-05-19 Sigma Research Inc. Barrel extender with recoil reduction
US6658983B2 (en) 2002-04-04 2003-12-09 Wright-Malta Corporation Gun muffler and noise abatement system for large caliber gun
WO2007069086A2 (en) 2005-06-30 2007-06-21 Karl Brugger Lock/rotation mounted suppressor
US20120103176A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2012-05-03 Latka Gregory S Apparatus and method for securing a suppressor to a weapon
US8210087B2 (en) * 2008-07-16 2012-07-03 Latka Gregory S Apparatus and method for securing a suppressor to a weapon
US8490535B1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2013-07-23 Fn Manufacturing, Llc Flash and sound suppressor for a firearm
US8490534B1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2013-07-23 Fn Manufacturing, Llc Flash hider
US20130319790A1 (en) * 2010-10-05 2013-12-05 John William Bladen Sound suppressor for firearms
US8807272B2 (en) * 2010-10-05 2014-08-19 John William Bladen Sound suppressor for firearms
US20150184968A1 (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-07-02 Oliver Fischer Silencer for a firearm
US9476662B2 (en) * 2012-06-28 2016-10-25 Andreas STEINDL Silencer for a long gun
US20150184960A1 (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-02 Sergey Monveldt Muzzle Device for Firearm Having a Gas Operating System
US9303939B1 (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-04-05 Ar1510 Llc Tunable muzzle brake
US20180195825A1 (en) * 2016-01-20 2018-07-12 Josh Allen Schoenfeld Methods and systems for firearm suppression
US10337819B1 (en) * 2017-01-16 2019-07-02 David B. Stark Reduction of first shot noise in firearm sound suppressors
US10145636B2 (en) * 2017-01-16 2018-12-04 David B. Stark Reduction of first shot noise in firearm sound suppressors
US10619962B1 (en) * 2017-02-28 2020-04-14 Ted Hatfield Sound suppressor for a firearm
US10996015B2 (en) * 2017-04-27 2021-05-04 Nssip Llc Firearm adapter
US10190839B1 (en) * 2017-04-27 2019-01-29 Darryl S. Lee Firearm barrel alignment guide
US10274279B2 (en) 2017-04-27 2019-04-30 Dbdrop Inc. Firearm suppressor adapter for firearm rails
US10302384B1 (en) 2017-04-27 2019-05-28 Dbdrop Inc. Firearm barrel fitment sleeve and method of use
US11022395B1 (en) * 2017-04-27 2021-06-01 Ctwip Llc Firearm adapter
US10739098B2 (en) * 2017-04-27 2020-08-11 Nssip, Llc Firearm adapter
US10527379B2 (en) 2017-04-27 2020-01-07 Dbdrop Inc. Firearm adapter
US10066890B1 (en) * 2017-04-27 2018-09-04 Darryl S. Lee Firearm suppressor adapter
US10823522B2 (en) * 2017-05-22 2020-11-03 Nssip Llc Firearm suppressor adapter
US20180335268A1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-22 Darryl S. Lee Firearm suppressor adapter
US9891017B1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-02-13 Darryl S. Lee Firearm suppressor adapter
US11047640B1 (en) 2017-11-21 2021-06-29 Stwip Llc Device for dampening residual effects from a firearm suppressor
US10508879B1 (en) 2017-11-21 2019-12-17 Dbdrop Inc. Device for dampening residual effects from a firearm suppressor
US10890403B2 (en) * 2018-01-23 2021-01-12 Delta P Design, Inc. Suppressor with blowout panel
US20200025495A1 (en) * 2018-01-23 2020-01-23 Delta P Design, Inc. Suppressor with blowout panel
US11326850B2 (en) * 2018-01-23 2022-05-10 Delta P Design, Inc. Suppressor with blowout panel

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